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CH1: 1. What is engineer ?

The words ENGINEER and

INGENIOUS came from Latin word
INGENIUM, which meant a talent,
natural capacity,
or clever invention.
CH1: 1st definition of engineer ?
By American Engineering Societies
The profession in which a knowledge of
Mathematics and natural sciences
gained by study, experience, and practice
is applied with judgement
to develop ways to utilize, economically,
the materials and forces of nature
for the benefit of mankind.
CH1: 2nd definition of engineer ?
By Mike Lanigan – (Engineer in Business)

The application of technology

to wealth creation by providing
cost-effective solutions
to human needs and problems.
CH1: What are engineer’s scope of
work ?
By The US Labor Statistics
 A link between a scientific
discovery and its application
 Design machinery, products,
systems, and processes
 Design and develop products and
systems for control and automation
of manufacturing, business,
and management process.
CH1: Accreditation bodies for

 The Accreditation Board For Engineering

and Technology (ABET)
 Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM)
through Engineering Accreditation Council
 Washington Accord
CH1: Skills or attributes required from
engineering students/programme


 Soft or generic skills (communications,

problem solving, team working,
life long learning, ethics)
CH1: Accreditation bodies for
By ABET – 11 skills required for engineers
 ability to apply knowledge of mathematics,
science and engineering
 ability to design and conduct experiments,
as well as to analyze and interpret data
 an ability to design a system, component,
or process to meet desired needs
 an ability to function on multidisciplinary teams
 an ability to identify, formulate, and solve
engineering problems
CH1: Accreditation bodies for
By ABET – 11 Items…(Cont)
 understanding of professional and ethical responsibility
 ability to communicate effectively
 broad education necessary to understand the impact of
engineering solutions in a global and societal context
 a recognition of the need for, and an ability
to engage in life-long learning
 a knowledge of contemporary issues
 an ability to use the techniques, skill, and
modern engineering tools necessary for
engineering practice
CH1: Accreditation bodies for
 A statutory body formed in 1972 constituted
under the Engineers Act 1967 (Revised 2002)
 Its purpose is to regulate professional conduct
and practice of registered engineers in order to
safeguard the safety and interest of the public.
 BEM defines engineers similar to AES
CH1: Accreditation bodies for
 EAC is the body delegated by BEM for
accreditation of engineering degrees
 Members of EAC are
1. BEM
2. The Institution of Engineers Malaysia
3. The National Accreditation Board
4. Public Services Department (JPA)
CH1: Accreditation bodies for
other professionals
 Accountants - By Malaysian Association of
Certified Public Accountants (MACPA)
 Lawyers – By Law Profession Qualifying
Board (LPQB) with Certificate of Legal
Practice (CLP)
 Architects – By Council of Architectural
Education Malaysia (CAEM) in Board of
Architects Malaysia (BAM)
Source: iPTAIPTS Utusan Malaysia 5 September 2009
EAC – 10 attributes or skills
required for engineers
 (i) ability to acquire and apply knowledge of science and
engineering fundamentals;
 (ii) acquired in‐
in‐depth technical competence in a specific
engineering discipline;
 (iii) ability to undertake problem identification, formulation
and solution;
 (iv) ability to utilise systems approach to design and evaluate
operational performance;
 (v) understanding of the principles of design for sustainable
EAC – 10 attributes or skills
required for engineers…Cont
 (vi) understanding of professional and ethical responsibilities
and commitment to them;
 (vii) ability to communicate effectively, not only with
engineers but also with the community at large;
 (viii) ability to function effectively as an individual and in a
group with the capacity to be a leader or manager ;
 (ix) understanding of the social, cultural, global and
environmental responsibilities of a professional engineer; and
 (x) recognizing the need to undertake life‐life‐long learning, and
 possessing/acquiring the capacity to do so.
CH1: Program Structure and
Content – Reg. of Engr. Act
Section 4.2
Basically, the programme should have
the following elements:
1. Mathematics, science, engineering principles,
skills and tools (computing, experimentation)
appropriate to the discipline of study.
2. Engineering design and projects
3. Integrated exposure to professional engineering
practice (management and professional ethics)
4. Electives in related engineering fields
The engineer produced is a
product of strict and
1. Regulation
2. Provision on education
3. Awareness and knowledge on safety
3. Continuous training
4. Due diligence and proper conduct
5. Internationalization
Successful engineer?

1. Hard work
2. Systematic approach to problem solving
3. Self discipline
4. Love and enjoy work
CH1: Challenges to Engineers

1. The community’s perception of engineers

profession in Malaysia
2. Profession and ethical pressure
3. Upgrading from graduate to professional
CH1: Challenges to Engineers
- Community’s Perception

 Not very good compared to other

professionals such lawyer, accountant,
and medical doctor
 Do not receive due recognition - social
status is quite low
 Lack of prestige and glamour
CH1: Challenges to Engineers
- Community’s Perception
Why ?
 Blue collar
 Make less money
 Difficult course
 Not much limelight
 No novels on engineer
 No TV dramas on engineer
 Majority of public do not get to meet
engineer directly at work
CH1: Challenges to Engineers
- Professional and Ethical


 Modern lifestyle requires medical doctors.

 Everyone eventually grows old, gets sick
and dies. Medical doctor tries hard to find all
sort of cures one after another disease
 A patient sees doctor while getting treatment
CH1: Challenges to Engineers
- Professional and Ethical


 Win some, loss some in adversary proceedings

 Defends the clients even with plea bargaining
 Skill of advocacy and strength of personality,
can be seen by the client
CH1: Challenges to Engineers
- Professional and Ethical


 Entrepreneur is a person who sets up

business and business deal
 Entrepreneur has ideas, gather good people
to work on it, and get the idea materialized
 Making profits is name of the game
CH1: Challenges to Engineers
- Professional and Ethical
Engineer ?
 Work for people and impart his design
directly on the social, economy, and environment
 The first to be blamed for structural, mechanical
and electrical failures
 Failure are visible, accountability
is direct, and immutable laws of physical
and natural sciences leave little scope for
maneuvering or interpretation
CH1: Challenges to Engineers
- Graduate Engineer 1st
 Graduate from university, institution or college
with recognized engineering program –
Section 10(1)
 To be eligible to work as an engineer,
the law requires you to be registered
as Graduate Engineer
 Fill up Form A (Submit the form together with
certified degree, academic transcript, etc) with
processing fee RM 50.00
CH1: Challenges to Engineers
- Upgrading GE to PE [MIN 4 Yrs]

 [MIN 2 Yrs] General Training – Conceptual

analytical abilities (Degree), application in industry,
and a base for professional development
 [MIN 2 Yrs] Professional career Development
Training, which will provide exposure to skill
awareness, management, responsibility, and
 Satisfactory Attendance courses conducted by BEM
CH1: Upgrading GE to PE – Course
Conducted by BEM
1. Code of Ethics 12 hrs
2. Health and safety at work,
relevant by-laws/regulations 12 hrs
3. Engineering management practice 12 hrs
4. Topics related to branch of
engineering 24 hrs
5. Completion of not less than 30 units
of professional development (talks,
seminars, meetings and community services)
Thank you