Introduction Creativity

Today’s Topics on Creativity

– Nature – Design Rules and Combinatorics – Work of Vance and de Bono

TRIZ theory
– TRIZ, Value Engineering and the Semantic Web tool

Radiant Thinking, Mind Mapping tool Appendix: Technological change: from its creation to economic growth and societal welfare
© Thomas H. Speller, Jr. 2007, Engineering Systems Division (ESD), Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Mind Map Philosophy:
“The chisel was unleashing the beauty and image/figure within the marble bursting to be revealed.”
Michael Angelo – Let your creative energy radiate from both sides of your brain, from the kernel of your Mind Map – Applied Radiant Thinking

© Thomas H. Speller, Jr. 2007, Engineering Systems Division (ESD), Massachusetts Institute of Technology


powerful manner – – – – – – – word. © Thomas H. color spatial awareness Mind Map Brings it all together! It gives you the freedom to roam the expanses of your brain. number. 2007. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). Speller. The Mind Map can be applied to every aspect of life where improved learning and clearer thinking enhances human performance. Jr.What is a Mind Map (1 of 2)? A Mind Map is a powerful graphic technique which harnesses the full range of cortical skills in a single. image. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 3 . rhythm. logic.

easy to read. – Allows you to Gather and Represent large amounts of data. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). 2007. – Encourages problem solving by showing you new pathways.What is a Mind Map (2 of 2)? Originated in the late 1960s by Tony Buzan Similarly to a road map. – Is Attractive. not a solution! – – © Thomas H. Bottom Line: – Let you see the whole picture and the details at the same time. muse over and remember. Speller. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 4 . Jr. a Mind Map: Provides an overview of a large subject/area. – It is a tool. Enables you to plan routes/make choices and lets you know where you are going and where you have been.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 5 . thus providing space for new creative thought To capture and develop “flashes” of insight when they occur To explore all the creative possibilities of a given subject To encourage more consistent creative thinking To create new conceptual frameworks within which previous ideas can be reorganized To plan creatively © Thomas H.Creative Thinking and MindMaps A Mind Map Enables One: To clear the mind of paradigms. Jr. 2007. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). Speller.

Associations and connections between key words and ideas not readily apparent. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 6 . Speller. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). Take longer to read and review. Other information may be missed while noting down one idea. – Attention wanders easily. © Thomas H. Jr.Why Mind Map? Disadvantages of traditional linear notes: Energy and time wasted writing down superfluous words. 2007. – Lack of color and other visual qualities handicap memory.

Memory is naturally associative. Speller. The mind remembers key words and images. not sentences – Try recalling just one sentence from memory! Mind maps use just key words and key images.Mind Map . Mind maps are more visual and depict associations between key words. not linear.Basics Mind maps work the way the brain works – Not in nice neat lines. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 7 . allowing more information to be put on a page. – Any idea probably has thousands of links in your mind. 2007. Mind maps allow associations and links to be recorded and reinforced. Jr. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). © Thomas H. they are much easier to recall than linear notes.

Speller. etc to show linkages 8 . Jr. Massachusetts Institute of Technology – Draw arrow. 2007. Engineering Systems Division (ESD).How To Do it…… Starting from the center of the page (rather than top-left corner) your thoughts radiate “out” from a central theme in all directions. key phrases – Each new idea should have a unique color or symbol Subordinate ideas “branch out” from main branches – Change of fonts to key brain – Same color as main branch Use images wherever practical – Mental triggers Link and associate ideas © Thomas H. comments. “Main Points” flow out from central theme – Restrict words to few.

Diagram of the mind mapping process. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 9 . Jr. © Thomas H. Speller. Engineering Systems Division (ESD).How To Do it…… Image removed due to copyright restrictions. 2007.

Jr. 1996. Penguin. smell and taste Uses interchangeable shapes and codes1 The Mind Map Book. 2007. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). © Thomas H. touch. T. hearing. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 10 . Speller. Buzan.The Mind Map Creative Thinking Mechanism Associate new and unique ideas with pre-existing ones Use different colors in creative thinking Use different shapes in creative thinking Combine unusual elements Magnify and use dimension Adjust conceptual position Rearrange and link pre-existing concepts Respond to an aesthetically pleasing object Respond to and emotionally pleasing object Respond to an object which appeals to the senses of sight.

Examples of Mind Mapping .

Engineering Systems Division (ESD). Jr.Counter Littoral Threat Weapon Functional Decomposition Destroying Threat Propulsing Guiding System Energizing Detonating Controlling Deactivating Threat © Thomas H. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 12 . 2007. Speller.

Jr. 2007. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). Speller. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 13 .Counter Littoral Threat Weapon Functional Decomposition Destroying Threat Propulsing Propulsion Generator of System Thrust Deactivate Threat System Controlling Energizing Explosive Fuel Detonating Guiding Guidance System Hardware Software Active target Depth Weapon steering Control feedback system sensor system © Thomas H.

2007. Jr.Need Defined System Architecting of a Counter Littoral Threat Weapon Problem Defined Intent Specification © Thomas H. Speller. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 14 . Engineering Systems Division (ESD).

2007. highlighting different subsystems. Jr. removed due to copyright restrictions. Engineering Systems Division (ESD).Schematic of torpedo. © Thomas H. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 15 . Speller.

removed due to copyright restrictions. Speller. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 16 . highlighting different subsystems. Engineering Systems Division (ESD).From System Architecting to Torpedo Product Schematic of torpedo. 2007. Jr. © Thomas H.

Progression of Principles Development as Applied Radiant Thinking 1. Empirically verify observations 4. 2007. Develop Descriptive principle 6. If universally true. Develop Normative principle 8. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). Describe observation(s) 5. Jr. Speller. Develop Prescriptive principle 7. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 17 . Make observation(s) from the data based on analysis 3. then make a Law © Thomas H. Collect data 2.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 18 . Speller. Jr.Synthesized Principles from Snippets of Observations © Thomas H. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). 2007.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 19 . Jr. 2007. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). Speller.© Thomas H.

1999 Performance-based structural synthesis Adjustable Tensegrity Structures A Study of Two Stochastic Search Methods for structural control Bentley eifform Thomas H. and machine learning. Deb. 1976 The Evolutionary Synthesis. 1950 The New Kind of Science. Barron. Numerical Control Numerical Control for Machine Tools. 1980 What Evolution Is. Carlson & Doyle. Specifically in Cardiac Muscle. Generative Representations for the automated design of modular physical robots Hornby dissertation. GA based learning in CA for structural design Kita and Toyota. Hornby. Engineering design Lee Altenberg Modularity in Technology and Organizations. Generative systems in design Languages and semantics of grammatical discrete structures. Basic Network Theory Control theory Cybernetics The Mathematical Formulation of the Problem of Conduction of Impulses in a Network of Connected Excitable Elements. Vakalo. 2004 Lipson Artificial Life Robotics Attended ALife IX Conference. 1999 Kirkoff Laws Chirlian. 2001 CA Kicinger. Slotta.. 2001 Uses GA for creating the CA rule. Speller September 20. Phy. Computing in nonlinear media and automata collectives. 1963 Claude Shannon Information Theory Compact unstructured representations for evolu tionary design. 1997 Cellular Automata Machines. 1936 Stanislaw Ulam A Collection of Mathematical Problems. Papers of JvN on computing and computer theory. Design Automation Highly Optimized Tolerance. Suh. Cellular automata and complexity: collected papers Artificial Intelligence Self-generative Stephan Wolfram Alan Turing John Conway The chemical basis of Morphogenesis. Studies of the spontaneous emergence of self-replicating systems using cellular automata and formal grammars Automata. communication theory and physiology.1983. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). 1859 Evolution and the Diversity of Life. Generative representations for evolutionary design Hornby. pp. 2002 Statistical mechanics of Cellular Automata. 1994 Terry Knight Programmable Self constructing global shape using biologically-inspired local interactions and origami mathematics. Gurdal Structural design using CA. Cantilever & plate experiments. 2001 CA for design of two-dimensional continuum structures. Gulati. Speller. Jr. pp.. Gurdal D'Arcy Thompson Richard Feynman Norbert Wiener On Growth and Form. Lipson. 1989. with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem. De Jong. Mod. Tatting. 1999 Decomposition assembly synthesis for in-process dimensional adjustability. Rev. Karafyllidis The father of self-reproducing cellular automata Ullman. Carlson & Doyle. Gulani. 122-129. 1952 The game of life New Constructions in Cellular Automata. Energy min for CA based analysis in elasticity Cellular Automaton Definitions and etymology Origin of Species. Dynamics. 1946 Highly optimized tolerance Lipson. Chakrabarti. 1971 Modularity in Evolution. 2007. Nagpal Whitney textbook Modeling and controlling variation propagation in mechanical assemblies using state transition models Whitney Mantripragada Lee Assembly Theory Saitou Structural Efficiency Hajela & Kim. De Jong Morphogenic Evolutionary Design: Cellular Automata Representations in Topological Structural Design Kita and Toyota. 2000 Langois Networks. Structural Design using CA Hajela and Kim. 1969 Andrew Adamatzky. Deb. 1986 Alan Turing. Santa Fe Institute. Hamda (Topological optimum design) Acceleration of CA algorithms using genetic algorithms. Evolutionary computation in Structural design Jakiela. 2004 Shea Shape grammar Cagan Transformations in Design. and Modularity. Pollack. Arciszewski. 2002 Optimal Truss-Structure Design using Real-Coded Genetic Algorithms. Emdanat. Origin of modular variation © Thomas H. 204. Structural Optimization using Local Rules Structural Design using CA for eigenvalue problems Murawski. Arciszewski and K. Languages." P. a discrete universe. 2003 Pahl & Beitz. 2003 Hajela. 1999 John Holland Universal spaces: a basis for studies in adaptation Automata Theory 1966. Tatting. The Mechanical Design Process. Optimal Truss-structure design using real-coded genetic algorithms Creative evolutionary systems Bentley Exploring component-based representations Three ways to grow designs: . Generative representations for evolutionary design automation Complexity and robustness. Pollack. On computable numbers. 55. K. optimization. 2002 David Goldberg Genetic algorithms in search.2001 Cellular Automata. Development. 1976. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Modularity & specialization Robustness 20 . Continuum structural topology design with genetic algorithms Evolutionary Computation in Structural Design Physics Applications Rothman & Zaleski Toffoli & Margolus Lattice-Gas Cellular Automata. 601-644. 2004 Engineering Design Literature Tree John von Neumann Theory of self-reproducing automata. 1988 Charles Darwin Ernst Mayr Engineering Applications Evolution Theory Mathematica @ Speller 2004 Biological Applications Andrew Ilachinski von Bertalanffy Zuse. 1917 Feynman and Computation. 1999 Trusses Optimization GA Bridge Funes-Pollack The Mathematical Theory of Communication.Literature Search Map Stiny. 9-12 to 15-04 Richard Feynman and Marvin Minsky cellular vacuum. 1948 An interdisciplinary subject lying in the intermediate area between logic. Energy min for CA based analysis in elasticity.

Speller. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 21 .Application #1 – Reading Notes Recording Short Statements while reading an article or book is relatively Quick. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). Use Mindmap to display key points in Document Outline Form (conversion to Word) © Thomas H. 2007. and provides a platform for memory retention. Example: – Product Design and Development – Customer Needs Identification Use Mindmap to summarize key points of chapter. as well as future output. Jr.

Examples/ Points Chapter Sections Product Design and Development. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Application #1 – Book Notes 22 . Engineering Systems Division (ESD). 2007. Speller. Chapter 4 © Thomas H. Jr.

The Mind Map is very Concise: If we convert the map to MSWord. PowerPoint or MS Project Format. we automatically get a “pretty good” outline of our thought process …. 2007. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 23 . © Thomas H.. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). Jr. Speller.

Jr. 2007. Engineering Systems Division (ESD).Slides and Notes are Automatic © Thomas H. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 24 . Speller.

Speller. Engineering Systems Division (ESD).Example 2 – Summarize Concepts Image removed due to copyright restrictions. © Thomas H. Jr. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 25 . 2007.

and more efficient than hand notes for most lectures Mind Map is NOT necessarily good for Technical Lectures?????? © Thomas H. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 26 .Taking “Live” Notes Mind Map is both quicker. 2007. Engineering Systems Division (ESD). Speller. Jr.

mindjet. http://www.php/Main_Pag e Freeware – Books The Mind Map Book. Jr. 2007. © Thomas http://www. Engineering Systems Division (ESD).com/mindmapper/ http://freemind.conceptdraw. T.Mind Map References Software – – – – – – http://www. Speller.mindmanager. 1996. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 27 .mindmapper.

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