"At Grass" is an elegiac poem that mourning "End of Empire" and it is a symbolic poem reflects sense of loss the power
and representing nostalgia and describing the retirement after the loss of empire. In “At Grass” Larkin uses more positive thoughts about retirement through his presenting of the change that is happening in the state of a horse-racing which was and still a popular British national pastime. Larkin opens the poem by describing the view of the similarity horses before and after the beginning of the :race and how the view is changing when the wind blows and a person can distinguish among them The eye can hardly pick them out From the cold shade they shelter in, Till wind distresses tail and main; Then one crops grass, and moves about The writer seeing some of them are active and move fast and others are not active and :seems as if they are still standing in their place - The other seeming to look on And stands anonymous again In this stanza the writer wants to put light of the new life style and the retirement after the "End of Empire" and how it is hard to look to the glory past which was full of active and then coming back to the new unactive present after the "End of Empire", so ."from the beginning of this poem Larkin is mourning the "End of Empire In the second stanza Larkin is continue mourning the "End of Empire" and the past power days which was before fifteen years ago representing nostalgia in his words by remembering the previous happy days of the empire that finished. He writes that in a symbolic way and his exact meaning is mourning the "End of Empire". So, he is going back in his memory to the glory past when the people were enjoying their time and viewing the horse-racing which was an important entertainment. He also describes the happy classic Junes in summer and how the people use to reserve these :memories Yet fifteen years ago, perhaps Two dozen distances sufficed To fable them: faint afternoons Of Cups and Stakes and Handicaps, Whereby their names were artificed To inlay faded, classic Junes In the third stanza Larkin is describing the different between the famous great past and the new weak present life after the"End of Empire" using many metaphores like: .""empty","littered","long cry","hanging In line 18, Larkin tells us how their fame was so great and how it even was the most :important article to be published in the press Silks at the start: against the sky Numbers and parasols: outside, Squadrons of empty cars, and heat,
. The starting-gates. Or curious stop-watch prophesies: Only the grooms. his feeling of alienation and his thinking of colonialism before and after the End of Empire.on the horses This is what Larkin wants to convey through the horse-racing which was losing their :importance just like the old Empire Have slipped their names. so in his writing he can't hide himself and offers his own ideas as an English working class. but it is an ironic presenting. With bridles in the evening come.And littered grass : then the long cry Hanging unhushed till it subside To stop-press columns on the street. Dusk brims the shadows. they In the final stanza Philip Larkin describes the state that is no one is interested any more of the horse-racing and that only the groom and his son who will come to check . this poem which is about the political freedom and the decay of London ."which was at the fourth and the big of British empire before the "End of Empire "On Not Being Milton" that the poem is about political freedom."Celebrating the "End of Empire" is seeing in Harrison's poem "On Not Being Milton Harrison is not from the upper social class and he is proud of his roots and his prestige to be from the working class and he is proud that he is educated and no way to silence him. the crowd and cries All but the unmolesting meadows. Harrison in this poem is speaking about himself. In the three previous stanzas we can see that they are much attached in meaning to the theory of Edward Said because they serve political aims in speaking about the glory of British Empire (West) and defining the self image of the English people through many metaphors pictures in the poem and it is producing a false description of East culture through the next stanzas when Larkin describe the East as "flies" and showing his pessimism when he speaks about the ending of the beautiful memories: Do memories plague their ears like flies? They shake their heads. and the grooms boy. He means that only if you have power and strong you will domain and will be important but if you lose this power you will be ended as what happened to the "End .
. and stand at ease."of Empire . Or gallop for what must be joy. And not a fieldglass sees them home. Almanacked. and we can feel that very clear in his elegy poem "On Not Being Milton". their names live. Summer by summer all stole away.
I call these sixteen lines that go back to my roots .
.my Cahier d’un retour au pays natal . class and counter-class thickens with glottals to a lumpen mass . He is happy because the focus will be going to England and it will be the most known and the big of British. class and power.speak about it any more In the last stanza Harrison finish his poem with rewriting the main theme which is language.The important theme in this sonnet poem is the relationship between language. In the first stanza Harrison is proud of this poem as he is proud of his historical roots: Read and committed to the flames.of Ludding morphemes closing up their ranks
Celebrating the "End of Empire" is viewing very clear in this ironic line: "!Three cheers for mute ingloriousness" He is very happy so he is ironic on the past dominance and saying "cheers" three times after the "End of Empire" which gone and it become inglorious and nobody .my growing black enough to fit my boots We see that the writer is some playing with forms and comparing one kind of political language and form against another by attaching some words from another language such as: "my Cahier d’un retour au pays natal" and also using the word 'Enoch' in line :9 as a symbol of irony of the confrontation "Each swung cast-iron Enoch of Leeds stress" In the second stanza Harrison is continue developing the previous theme through the metaphor of the 'branks' which is a symbol of the silencing of one class by another :and he wants to say that the language is effecting in class and language is power The stutter of the scold out of the branks of condescension. so he can fight with language to challenge the dominance of the others class and will be proud of his poems which will be famous more than any others. The poets is using his settle words to analyze his happiness that the British empire is going to end taking with it the importance of London poets whom are from upper class and used to be connected to the British empire reflecting its power. class and power and their relationship with political freedom.
. These people belong to the unfortunate poor class who are not appreciated at any time except at the time of war when they are sent to die as if they are expendable and even after they die they are not appreciated just like Milton who is the persona . This poem clearly indicates on the paradoxical nature of Imperialism due to the fact that poor people who are a majority. Moreover. are unappreciated and silenced all their lives must sacrifice them selves and die where as the upper minority get to enjoy all the luxuries even during the time of war. This silent majority is being shushed by “branks” which is defined mainly as a metal instrument designed to cover the tongue and inhibit speech.He said that before the End of Empire the England poets never had the freedom to express themselves so now they will take the chance and will be appeared and will be known after the "End of Empire".for example in the first stanza ”their shoes shine”. The Paradox is showing in this line in stanza four ”Nor prehistoric or fabulous beast more dead” and it is ironically gives a live and fresh looks to six dead people who are more dead that anyone else but ironically they look more alive that anyone else as if this photograph is comparing between the reality that is made by a constructive force of war leading theses six young men to their fate and between appearance made by a force of art represented by a photograph. I Ham a very Bad Hand at Righting “On Not Being Milton” is all about the silent majority who are not from the upper class nor they are prestigious yet they are taken to war to fight and die un rationally but with the end of the empire their silence is finally broken “three cheers for mute ingloriousness!”. even though theses six men are dead.” one chews a grass” all these insignificant gestures or actions seem to stay there forever and never die and that everything is sill there just the same. amazingly that they all died six months after this picture was taken but this photograph still stands after four decades as a remainder of six proud heroes . ’Six Young Men’ is about a photograph about six young men on their Sunday best.who died for the empire yet he is not appreciated.Sir. their death is not in vain but for a good cause and they are eternal heroes . ”one imparts an intimate smile” .Articulation is the tongue-tied’s fighting In the silence round all poetry we quote :Tidd the Cato Street conspirator who wrote .
.yes it is true that one moment they are in their Sunday best and in a flash they are sleeping under the ground with their smoked blood due to the fact that they died in the battle field for the sake of their nation so they are martyrs.This photograph is almost a live and so life like in a degree that it shows six fresh young men who time never seem to affect them and they are still for ever young never wrinkled. This poem makes one insignificant Sunday lasts for eternity .
.Tony Harrison’s “On Not Being Milton” is exactly the opposite to Ted Hughes’ ’Six Young Men’. this poem celebrates the End of the empire.