Relationship between Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution

The novel Animal Farm, written by George Orwell, is a novel presenting a fictional world where animals can communicate with each other and act like humans. While most of the novel has parallels with the history of the Russian Revolution, George Orwell also discusses conspiracies and conflicts that exist between the two opposed leaders that, ironically, shared a common goal - to develop the society. The novel begins with the death of the great, old leader and eventually closes with the collapse of the new and idealistic society. In the process, fictional characters and plot elements in the novel are parallel to the historical figures and events of the Russian Revolution. The novel opens with the death of the well-respected Old Major. In the historical context, Old Major has many similar characteristics to those of the original leader of Russian communism, Lenin. Old major, similarly, has the dream that “Beasts of England, beasts of Ireland, / Beasts of every land and clime, / Hearken to my joyful tiding / Of the golden future time.” (pg. 13) Lenin studied the writings of Karl Marx, which describe the dream of a society without classes and with communal ownership of property. However, their common ideas did not last long. After the death of Old Major, two young pigs, Snowball and Napoleon, rose to be the leaders of the farm. Snowball represents the historical Trotsky, who was intelligent, cared about education, and organized the armies. On the other hand, Napoleon mirrors Stalin. For example, they started out with excellent plans and had wonderful dreams; however, later, their personal desires and wants outweighed the greater benefits and desires of the society. Starting as Lenin did, he divides the society: “Four legs good, two legs bad” (pg. 31), which has parallels in Marxist theory. And this marks the birth of

47. Napoleon builds the windmill for the farm to electrify the farm. 48) Whereas Stalin implemented the five-year plans. which were plans to industrialize. “If you have your lower animals to contend with. They dashed straight for Snowball. electrify. the Red Army has paid a heavy price of the death of approximately 66 thousand soldiers to defend Moscow. Stalin made a series of cruel purges of any political enemies.” (pg. Both decisions show that “All animals are equal. he alone will make all of the decisions. Once Snowball was chased away. Pilkington.” (pg.” he said. Mr. 117. At the conclusion of the novel. On the other hand. During World War II. “we have our lower classes!” (pg. the animals defeated the invasion of the human with the deaths and wounds of many animals and the destruction of the windmill. Stalin chased Trotsky away with the secret police force. this foreshadows the future of animalism and communism. Communist Russia became as corrupt as the Czarist state that it had replaced due to the shift of communism toward capitalism ideas which created a new and different . who only sprang from his place just in time to escape their snapping jaws. a human. Stalin managed to eventually defeat the Germans with the help of the Red Army and the support of his secret police force. After the death of Lenin. for the good of every animal. persuade the pigs to not worry about inequality. a group which they originally hated and opposed. “… there was a terrible baying sound outside. 118) Eventually. during Operation Barbarossa. the pigs enjoy dinner with human beings. During the supper. and nine enormous dogs wearing brass-studded collars came bounding into the barn. and modernize the USSR. they both self contradict their original ideas of equality. Similarly. but some animals are more equal than others. 114) From this point on.communism. Similarly. Similarly. Napoleon states that.

Trotsky.” (pg. both the novel and history tell us that the larger benefits to the society must outweigh personal desires of the leaders in order for a country (or farm) to be successful. “The creatures outside looked from pig to man. During the story. 120) The novel Animal Farm. In the mean time. . the historical figures of Lenin.communism. The novel opens with the uprising of communism and closes with the collapse of communism. by George Orwell. contains numerous parallels with the history. and Stalin are well portrayed by the fictional animals. and from man to pig… but already it was impossible to say which was which.

Relationship between Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution Frank Gao For: Bro. 2011 . O’Loughlin May 3.