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OROBIA Module 6 – Maxima and Minima Exercises 6.2 3. A closed rectangular box whose base is twice as long as it is wide has a volume of 36,000 cm 3. The material for the top costs 10 centavos per sq. cm; that for the sides and bottom costs 5 centavos per sq. cm. find the dimensions that will make the cost of making the box a minimum. Solution: Let Hence,

and

be the length, width and height of the rectangular box, respectively. but (given), thus:

let

be the cost of making the box with respect to it’s width.

But

, and , thus:

Let

, solve for .

Therefore, the dimension is To check if it’s the minimum:

.

is the minimum. JEPHTHAH M. OROBIA |Module 6 – Maxima Minima |Page 1 of 5

JEPHTHAH M. OROBIA |Module 6 – Maxima Minima |Page 2 of 5 4. A mango-grower observes that if 25 mango trees are planted per hectare, the yield is 450 mangoes per tree and that the yield per tree decreases by 10 for each additional tree per hectare. How many trees should be planted per hectare to obtain the maximum crop? Solution: Let be the number of tress planted and

be the number of mangoes per tree, thus:

Let

be the total number of mangoes obtain, therefore: .

Let

, solve for .

To check if it’s the maximum:

is the maximum. 5. Buses are to be chartered for an excursion. The bus company charges P20.00 per ticket if not more than 200 passengers go with the trip. However, the company agrees to reduce the price of every ticket P0.05 for each passenger in excess of 200 passengers. What number of passengers will produce the maximum gross income? Solution: Let

be the number passengers and be the price of the ticket per passenger, thus:

Let

be the gross income of the bus, therefore: .

Let

, solve for .

To check if it’s the maximum:

is the maximum 6. A closed right circular cylindrical tank is to have a capacity of 120 m3. Find the dimensions of the tank that will require the least amount of material in making it. Solution: Let and

be the radius of the base and the height of the tank, respectively. Thus:

JEPHTHAH M. OROBIA |Module 6 – Maxima Minima |Page 3 of 5

The amount of materials needed in making the tank will vary from its Surface Area

.

Let

, solve for :

To check if it’s the minimum:

is the minimum. 7. A building with rectangular base is to be constructed on a lot in the form of a right triangle with legs 18 m and 24 m. If the building has one side along the hypotenuse of the triangle. Find the dimensions of the base of the building for maximum floor area. Solution: Let by PT: Let and as shown on the right. be the vertices of the base of the building whereas is along the hypotenuse

and

be the vertices of the lot whereas

is the hypotenuse,

and

Let the area of the base be , thus:

and

Consider

and

.

Consider

and

.

JEPHTHAH M. OROBIA |Module 6 – Maxima Minima |Page 4 of 5

Now consider

:

Substitute to the function :

Let

, solve for w:

Therefore, the dimension is To check if it’s the maximum:

8. A sheet of cardboard 3 ft. by 4 ft. will be made into a box by cutting equal-sized squares from each corner and folding up the four edges. What will be the dimensions of the box with largest volume? Solution: Let be the length of the side of the cut-out squares. Hence, Let , and be the length, width and height of the box as shown on the right. be the volume with respect to . Thus:

Let

, solve for :

JEPHTHAH M. OROBIA |Module 6 – Maxima Minima |Page 5 of 5

Use 2nd degree derivative of If :

to test which will give the maximum of

:

If

:

Thus,

Therefore, the dimension is

This is my preparation for Module 6 in Analysis for Teachers ... submitted to Professor RB Astillero...

This is my preparation for Module 6 in Analysis for Teachers ... submitted to Professor RB Astillero...

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