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The First Battle of Bull Run

When? July 21, 1861


Where? Manassas, Virginia
Who? 30,000 Yanks and 22,000 Rebs, notably Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson

Bring your lunches!!!


Believe it or not, spectators came to picnic while watching this first major battle of the American Civil War. These
people were in for something much worse than a treat. They watched as thousands of Yanks and Rebs gave their lives for
their country. Many of these soldiers were very inexperienced in battle and had to forcefully face the harsh realities of war
for the first time. Their obvious advantages and disadvantages between the Yanks and Rebs (feel free to recall some of
them), and each side’s attitudes of the war would change completely after this battle was over. For more information, check
out page 336-339 in your text!

Say What? “You are green, it is true, but they are green also;
you are all green alike.” -President Abraham Lincoln

1) What did Union soldiers say their two main reasons for fighting were?

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2) Which side was attacking in this battle? Were they successful?

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3) What was General Thomas J. Jackson’s nickname? Why do you think people called him this?

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4) After this battle, the Yanks had their own nickname for July 21st. What was it and why do you think they
called it such a name?

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5) How did each side’s attitude toward the war change after this battle was over?

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The following is a general description of the First Battle of Bull Run. Read each step and draw the battlefield
in the box below. Also make a key to indicate symbols on the map.

O Sudley Church is located on the most northwest side of the battlefield.


O Blackburn’s Ford is located on the most southeast side of the battlefield.
O The Bull Run River is slightly wavy. It runs from Sudley Church to Blackburn’s Ford.
O Stone Bridge is directly in the middle of the river.
O Henry Hill is located just west of Stone Bridge.
O 15,000 attacking Yanks are positioned in an arc formation just north of Henry Hill.
O 6,000 Yank reinforcements are waiting just to the east of Stone Bridge.
O 9,000 Yank reinforcements are waiting just to the east of Sudley Church.
O 12,000 defending Rebs led by General Jackson are positioned just south of Henry Hill.
O Manassas Gap Railroad travels west to east, and it is located at the most southern side of the battlefield.
O 10,000 Reb reinforcements are waiting on the Manassas Gap Railroad.