Helen Hu January 3, 2010 3rd Block Wolfe Tone As a devout Irish patriot, Wolfe Tone made an extraordinary impact

on Irish history and culture. Under his leadership, the Society of United Irishmen secured a reform of the English Parliament as well as a movement that brought together Protestant, Catholics and dissenters in Ireland (Bartlett). Wolfe Tone fought his entire life for a republican form of government in Ireland (Bartlett). Wolfe Tone, or Theobald Wolfe Tone, was born on June 20, 1763 in Dublin. He attended school with his brothers and entered Trinity College in 1781. When he was 21, he met and fell in love with Matilda Witherington, whom he would love for the rest of his life. He once said: “If I ever succeed in life, or attain at anything like station or eminence, I shall consider it as due to her counsels and example” (Webb). In the winter of 1790, Wolfe Tone and a few of his friends congregated to form a club for discussing political and literary topics (Webb). The following year, Tone published a political work, An Argument on Behalf of the Catholics of Ireland. Soon thereafter, Tone and his friends founded the Society of United Irishmen in 1791 (Workman). The Society was originally a reform organization, but they also began to seek an alliance between the Protestant upper class and the Catholic peasantry (Workman). Inspired by the French Revolution and the American Revolution, Wolfe Tone felt that Ireland was ready for a revolution of its own—a revolution to overthrow the monarchy and secure peace and independence for the Irish people.

prosperous. At the end of the rebellion. and on November 12. At a certain point. . and that independence was unattainable whilst the connection with England existed” (Workman). the Parliament of Ireland. the most unfortunate of the bunch (Workman). and few conflicts were solved. Wolfe Tone was sentence to death after the rebellion. in the Irish Rebellion of 1798.What’s most remarkable was Wolfe Tone’s philosophy on independence from the monarchy. and that Ireland would never be either free. of heroic sacrifice. Wolfe Tone had seen the Parliament of Ireland. while waiting in prison. the Parliament of England. He affirmed “That the influence of England was the radical vice of our Government. of murderous government reprisals and of sectarian cruelty (Bartlett). French and Irish forces teamed up to rise against the English army. his memory lives on as that of an Irish hero. the Congress of America. The rebellion would lead to a long history of republican separatism. of insurrection with assistance from abroad. the Corps Legislative of France and the Convention Batave. he committed suicide (Workman). and in 1798. or happy. and deemed the legislation of Ireland. Today. until she was independent. Wolfe Tone could absolutely not accept English tyranny over Ireland.000 rebels were killed.000 and 25. between 10. 1798.

3 Jan 2011. n.shtml>. 15 Oct 2010. H. Web. Workman.com/id11. GILL & SON. 3 Jan 2011. DUBLIN: M. Web. Thomas.. <http://www. Webb.bbc.d." British History in-depth.co." N.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/irish_reb_01. "Theobald Wolfe Tone.com/biography/TheobaldWolfeTone.Works Cited Bartlett. Brian. . BBC. <http://www.irishkevinsmith. 3 Jan 2011.php>.html>.p. "The 1798 Irish Rebellion.libraryireland. Web. <http://www. "Theobold Wolfe Tone." Library Ireland. Alfred. 1878.

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