You are on page 1of 170

NEPTUNE

ELECTRONIC VENTILATOR
TECHNICAL MANUAL

2nd edition
January 2006

MEDEC BENELUX NV
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a
retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronically,
mechanically, by photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written
permission of Medec Benelux NV.

Medec Benelux NV reserves the right to change specifications without prior


notification. Careful attention has been paid to the compilation of this publication.

Medec Benelux NV
Lion D’Orweg 19
9300 Aalst
Belgium
Telephone : (32) 53 / 70.35.44
Fax : (32) 53 / 70.35.33
Website : www.medecbenelux.be
E-mail : sales@medecbenelux.be

2nd edition
January 2006
User responsibility

The equipment described in this manual has been built to confirm with the
specifications and instructions stated in this manual. To ensure proper and safe
operation of the equipment, it must be checked and serviced at least according to the
minimum standards laid out in this manual.

The equipment must be repaired and serviced only in accordance with written
instructions issued by Medec Benelux N.V. and must not be altered or modified in
any way without written approval of Medec Benelux N.V. The user of this equipment
shall have the responsibility for any malfunction which results from improper use,
maintenance, repair, damage or alteration by anyone other than Medec Benelux N.V.
or its appointed agents.

The Neptune anaesthesia combination has been specially developed for anaesthetic
applications.

The system is built around the so-called bag in bottle principle. This system has for
many years proved to be a reliable and safe system. One important aspect in this
connection is that the gas exchange of the patient is completely separated from the
machine by use of the bag mentioned.
Another important aspect is that the Neptune anaesthesia system, whatever
catastrophe might occur (compressed air, mains voltage failure or technical
problems), always goes into the spontaneous / manual respiration mode. This way, the
(manual) respiration of the patient is always guaranteed as long as the fresh gas
supply is assured.

The Neptune anaesthesia system may only be used in anaesthetic rooms which are
conducting and are provided with proper ventilation and electrical wiring.
The Neptune anaesthesia system may only be used in anaesthetic rooms conform with
EN60601-1-2 level. RS232 output (optional) may only be used with devices conform
with EN60601-1-2 level.
Table of Contents
1. Electronic system
1.1 Electronic system overview 1
1.2 Power supply
1.2.1 Replacing the AC mains fuses 5
1.2.2 Block diagram 5
1.2.3 Schematic diagram 8
1.2.4 Power supply board layout 11
1.3 Backplane board
1.3.1 Block diagram 12
1.3.2 Schematic diagram 14
1.3.3 Backplane board layout 16
1.4 MMI board
1.4.1 Block diagram 17
1.4.2 Schematic diagram 19
1.4.3 MMI board layout 25
1.4.4 Build-in test software 27
1.4.5 Graphics display 53
1.5 O2 measurement
1.5.1 General 54
1.5.2 Operation 54
1.5.3 O2 measurement specifications 55
1.6 Master board
1.6.1 Block diagram 56
1.6.2 Schematic diagram 58
1.6.3 Build-in test software 61
1.6.4 Master board layout 69
1.7 Pneumatic board
1.7.1 Block diagram 70
1.7.2 Schematic diagram 72
1.7.3 Built-in test software 77
1.7.4 Pneumatic board layout 85
2. Pneumatic system
2.1 Pneumatic diagram 86
2.2 Manual/Spontaneous mode (MAN) 88
2.3 Controlled mandatory ventilation (CMV) 90
2.4 Pressure controlled ventilation (PCV) 92
2.5 Peep 94
2.6 Flush safety 94
2.7 Mechanical construction
2.7.1 Patient breathing unit 95
2.7.2 Bottle 99
2.7.3 Supply tank 101
2.7.4 Solenoid valves 102
3. Maintenance and calibration
3.1 Visual inspection 103
3.2 Battery backup 104
3.3 The calibration menu 105
3.4 The pressure transducers 108
3.5 The pressure regulators 113
3.6 The flow regulators 116
3.7 O2 flush 118
3.8 The input pressure switches 119
3.9 The bottle safety valve 124
3.10 Peep valve calibration 125
3.11 Valve test 127
3.12 Performing a leaktest
3.12.1 Entering the leaktest menu 130
3.12.2 Performing the leaktest 132
3.12.3 Leaving the leaktest menu 135
3.13 Maintenance instructions 136
3.14 Parts list 141
4. Classification and discard
4.1 Classification 142
4.2 Discard 143
5. Inspection
5.1 Visual inspection 144
5.2 Other inspections 145
6. Troubleshooting 148

A. Checklist Neptune 165


B. List replaced parts 166
1. ELECTRONIC SYSTEM

1.1 ELECTRONIC SYSTEM OVERVIEW

The Neptune contains several electronic printed circuit boards, which are located on
different locations in the machine.

Electronic system overview

Neptune ventilator 1 Technical manual


• Mains AC input

The AC inlet at the back of the ventilator contains a fuse holder and power switch.
The AC mains voltage is connected to the AC/DC converter board.

• AC/DC converter board

The AC/DC converter board converts the AC mains voltage to +24V DC voltage.
The +24V DC is fully isolated from the AC mains voltage to ensure safe working
conditions.

• DC/DC power supply

The DC/DC power supply board generates different DC voltages and controls the
battery charging current. A special battery controller device will charge the battery
as safe as possible and under the best conditions to have a long battery lifetime.
The DC/DC power supply output voltages are:

o +5V DC
o +12V DC
o +24V DC
o +12V DC

• Extendable system set

The extendable system set consists of 4 different boards that are connected by
means of 2 elevated multiple pins connectors:

o MMI board
o Backplane board
o Master board
o Pneumatic board

The 4 different boards have their own specific tasks. The MMI board, master
board and the pneumatic board have one or more microprocessors and other
electronic devices on board. The backplane board only contains connectors and
has no microprocessor. The extendable system set is built so that further
expansion of the electronics is possible by means of the elevated multiple pins
connectors.

• Backplane board

The backplane board contains buzzer, O2 sensor, power switch and power supply
connectors. The power connector is connected to the DC/DC power supply. The
board is distributing the different DC voltages through the extendable system set.

Neptune ventilator 2 Technical manual


• MMI board

The MMI board contains only one microprocessor. It’s reprogrammable so it can
be upgraded if necessary. The microprocessor controls all the graphical display
functions and is communicating - by means of the master board - with the
pneumatic board. The microprocessor is also controlling the keyboard board, the
control knob and the speaker.

• Master board

The master board contains one microprocessor and is also reprogrammable if


necessary. The master board looks after the communication between the MMI
board and pneumatic board.
The master board microprocessor checks the proper working of the MMI and
pneumatic board microprocessors. Otherwise, the MMI board microprocessor
checks the proper working of the master and pneumatic board microprocessor and
the pneumatic board microprocessor checks the MMI and master board
microprocessors. Each microprocessor is checking the other microprocessors for
errors or malfunctions, which makes the ventilator a very safe system. Once an
error is found, the electronics stop working and a continuous beep is audible.

Note: The ventilator automatically switches over to manual mode after an error
or malfunction is detected.

• Pneumatic board

The pneumatic board contains one microprocessor. This microprocessor is


reprogrammable for upgrades if necessary. The pneumatic board of course
controls the pneumatic functions of the ventilator. There are six pressure
transducers mounted on the board for measuring all kinds of parameters. The
pneumatic board also drives the electrical valves on the manifold and bottle. The
microprocessor receives settings from the MMI board and processes the values.
The pneumatic board microprocessor sends information back to the MMI board
like e.g.: actual airway pressure, alarms, patient status values, etc.

• Keyboard board

The keyboard board contains several switches and leds for interaction between the
operator and the electronic system. The keyboard board is connected to the MMI
board and processed by the microprocessor on the MMI board.

Neptune ventilator 3 Technical manual


• Graphical display

The graphical display shows all kind of information. It consists of menus, settings,
parameters, graphs, etc. The display is also responsible for interaction between the
operator and the ventilator electronics.
Along with the keyboard switches and leds, they form the operator’s interface.

Neptune ventilator 4 Technical manual


1.2 POWER SUPPLY

The AC mains inlet at the back of the ventilator is equipped with a power switch and a
fuse holder block. The fuse holder contains two fuses type 2A slow.
The AC mains voltage must be in the range from 100V AC to 240V AC. The AC
mains frequency must be in the range from 50 Hz to 60 Hz. These are the absolute
maximum ratings for the AC mains supply.

1.2.1 Replacing the AC mains fuses

Replace the AC mains fuses by mean of the following instructions:

- Turn off the Neptune and disconnect the power cord from the mains
inlet.

- Insert a screwdriver in the small AC receptacle and pull out the fuse
holder block.

- Replace the blown fuses and place the fuse holder block back into the
AC receptacle.

- Connect the power cord back to the AC mains inlet.

Note: Always replace the blown fuses with the same type and ratings.

1.2.2 Block diagram

The power supply block diagram is represented on the next page.

Neptune ventilator 5 Technical manual


Block diagram power supply

Neptune ventilator 6 Technical manual


The battery-charging unit charges the battery to maintain a maximum battery capacity
and life.
If the AC mains supply voltage is present, the battery is charged with a maximum
current of approximately 0,9 Ampere. After a while, the charging current decreases
and a minimum trickle current of 0.09 Ampere flows through the battery. To
guarantee full recharge of an exhausted battery, connect the ventilator to the mains
supply for at least a couple of hours.

Note: The switch at the back of the ventilator must be turned ON to activate the
battery charging.

Note: The ventilator uses high voltages, capable of causing personal injury.
Do not touch the AC mains voltage electronics during operation.

If an AC mains power failure occurs, the power supply automatically switches over to
battery supply. You can work approximately 1 hour on battery supply. The battery-
charging unit monitors the battery voltage and checks for a battery voltage lower than
10,5 Volt. If the battery voltage is getting lower than 10,5 Volt, the power supply
electronics is disconnected from the battery to prevent a totally exhausted battery. A
totally exhausted battery will shrink the battery lifetime enormously.

An audible alarm is activated during 20 seconds after the ventilator shuts off because
of an empty battery.

The power supply board is equipped with 5 fuses:

- battery fuse F1: 3,15A slow


- +5V DC fuse F2: 3,15A slow
- +12V DC fuse F3: 3,15A slow
- +24V DC fuse F4: 3,15A slow
- +12V DC fuse F5: 3,15A slow

The green LEDs indicate if a voltage is present:

- LED D19 indicates the +24V DC input voltage from AC/DC converter
- LED D14 indicates the +5V DC output voltage
- LED D15 indicates the +12V DC output voltage
- LED D16 indicates the +12V DC output voltage
- LED D17 indicates the +24V DC output voltage

The +24 Volt DC output voltage is not available when working on battery. This
means that LED D19 and D17 aren’t lit in this situation.

You can rapidly determine a blown fuse by taking a look at the LED indicators. There
is no LED indicator provided on the battery input voltage to prevent a waste of battery
power.

Neptune ventilator 7 Technical manual


The power supply board is provided with four connectors:

• Connector P3:

Pin number Description


1 +24V DC input voltage
2 +24V DC input voltage
3 GND
4 GND
5 Battery + input voltage
6 Battery – input voltage

• Connector P1:

Pin number Description


1 +5V DC output voltage
2 GND
3 +12V DC output voltage
4 GND
5 +24V DC output voltage
6 GND

• Connector P2:

Pin number Description


1 +12V DC output voltage
2 +12V DC output voltage
3 GND
4 GND

• Connector P4:

Pin number Description


1 AC mains LED indicator voltage
2 Ventilator ON/OFF switch input
3 Ventilator ON/OFF switch input

1.2.3 Schematic diagram

The schematic diagram of the power supply is represented on the following pages.

Neptune ventilator 8 Technical manual


1 2 3 4
+24V
DC INPUT D19
P3 D7 MBR36
+24V +24v
1 R36 POWER
+24V
10K GREE C8 D6 MBR36 regulators.sc
+24V 2 100N/40 +16Vou
+16Vou
D GND 3 D
SW16
Q9 SW16
GND GND
GND 4 +VBA RFP30P0 D5 +12Vou
GND MBR36 +12Vou
F1
3 1
BAT+ 5 SW12
+24V
3.15A/ R21 D1 SW12
BAT- 6 MBR36
22K SW5V
2 SW5V
GND
+24V Q8 D4 R19 SW_ON_OFF
R8 BD242 SW_ON_OFF
R0.2 D3 MBR36 SW_ON_OFF
R9 SW_ON_OFF
MBR36
107K +24V 47
BS17 0K
D2 MBR36
U2 UC390 Q1 Q2
2 16 R12 BS17
c/s- d.si. C4 R470 R10
4 15
c/l- d.so. 100N R787
3 14 GND
c/s+ comp.
5 13 GND
C v.in vol.sens C
1 c/s 12 GND
char.en.
8 11
o.c.t. trik.bia 11
6 10 U3D
gnd st.lev.con Q5
7 o.ch.ind 9 294K R13 +12V
p.i. R11 R23
GND 3 1
23k +12V 100R
14 7 +24V
GND BS25 D12
+12V CD409 2 1N414
+12V U4B CD4013 C3
12 13
+24v +12V +12V 14 7 10µF/25
VCC GND
14 U3C D13 R16
8 GND
KEYBOAR GND S 100K
R5 11 13 8 +12V +12V GND
14U3A CLK Q R20
P4 1M 9 12 10
D Q R330
1 10 9
1 R R1 R18 BZ
3 CD409
R22 2 93K1 100 X7 Q3
2 7 9C
680K CD409 +12V BS17
B C5 R14 20 B
3 C2 7 1k B1
1µF/25 100N GND
+24v Q6
GND GND GND GND
BS25
+12V +12V R2 GND GND BUZZE
13k 4
U1 V+ LM61
3 1
D11 IN+ OUT Q7
2 IN- +12V U4A CD4013
1n414 R4 14 16 14 7 R17
14U3B IN+ OUT VCC GND 100K BS25
100K +12V R3 15 C6
1k2 IN- 2200µF/25
5 +12V 8 CATHOD 9 6 GND
FB S
4 5 7 3 1
R6 IN+ OP1 OUT CLK Q
6 6 5 2
18k IN- OP1 D Q
CD409 12 OUT 10 4 GND GND GND
IN+ OP2 GND R
GND 11
7 C7 IN- OP2
V-
100N/40 13 Title
A A
C1
1µF/25
R7
R243 C9
POWER SUPPLY
10µF/25 Size Number Revisio
A4 PSU042000V1
GND GND GND GND GND GND GND Date: 6-Jan-2003 Sheet 1 of 2
File: C:\DOCUMENT\..\psu042000v1 Drawn JP - KDP
1 2 3 4

Neptune ventilator 9 Technical manual


1 2 3 4

Q10
RFP30P05
3 1
POWER SUPPLY DC OUTPUT CONNECTOR 2
D R34 D
+16Vout
+16Vout 100K U7 LT1074CT P2
L3 F5
SW16V 5 4
SW16V Vin Vsw 1

2
68µH 3.15A/T +16V
SW_ON_OFF2
SW_ON_OFF2 R35 R30 2
+ C12

GND
100K 470µF/63V 1 D10 R29 +16V
+12Vout

Vc
+12Vout FB MBR745 9090 2K7 3
GND
SW12V
SW12V R33 4
GND
GND

2
SW5V C15
SW5V Q4 2K7 R31
GND C19 1000µF/50V D16 D18

GREEN
SW_ON_OFF1 GND 1500 20V GND
SW_ON_OFF1 BS170
10N

GND GND
GND GND GND GND

C C
U5 MIC4576BT +24v
L1 F3 F4
1 2
IN OUT
4 68µH

GND
FB 3.15A/T 3.15A/T
5
ON/OFF R32
+ C10 D8 C17 R28 10K
470µF/63V R24 C13 2K7

3
3.3N/63V 1000µF/50V
MBR360 13K
D17

GREEN
GND GND GND D15

GREEN
R25
1K5 GND
GND GND
DC OUTPUT CONNECTOR 1
P1
B 6 GND B
GND
U6 MIC4576BT GND
L2 F2 5 +24V
1 2
IN OUT
4 68µH
GND

FB 3.15A/T R15 4 GND


5
ON/OFF D9
+ C11 1K GND
470µF/63V C16 C14 3 +12V
R27
2 GND
3

MBR360 3.3N/63V R4530 1000µF/50V


D14 GND

GREEN
1 +5V
GND GND GND

R26 GND GND


1K5

Title
A A
POWER SUPPLY - REGULATORS
GND
Size Number Revision
A4 PSU042000V1
Date: 6-Jan-2003 Sheet 2 of 2
File: C:\DOCUMENT\..\regulators.sch Drawn By: JP - KDP
1 2 3 4

Neptune ventilator 10 Technical manual


1.2.4 Power supply board layout

Note: Fan drive output voltage indicated by D16 = 12 Volt

Neptune ventilator 11 Technical manual


1.3 BACKPLANE BOARD

1.3.1 Block diagram

The block diagram of the backplane board is represented on the next page.

The DC voltages coming from the power supply are distributed on the backplane
board. Connector P1 is the connection to the power board.
Connector P2 and P3 are supplying the extendable system set of electrical power.
Connector P5 is the power on/off connection to the power supply (P4).
Connector P4 connects to the MMI board through a flatcable.
Connector P6 is used to connect the buzzer and the O2 sensor.

Neptune ventilator 12 Technical manual


Block diagram backplane board

Neptune ventilator 13 Technical manual


1.3.2 Schematic diagram

The schematic diagram of the backplane board is represented on the next page.

Neptune ventilator 14 Technical manual


Neptune ventilator 15 Technical manual
1.3.3 Backplane board layout

Neptune ventilator 16 Technical manual


1.4 MMI BOARD

1.4.1 Block diagram

The block diagram of the MMI board is represented on the following page.

There is only one microprocessor provided on the MMI board. This main
microprocessor controls the control knob, the keyboard, the speaker sound, LCD and
the communication. It is reprogrammable by means of the programming interface
connector P1.

All the graphical data is stored in the flash memory. This flash memory is also
reprogrammable with the use of connector P1.
The RAM memory is used as video memory. The video memory is copied through the
LCD data bus to the on-board LCD controller.

The LED indicators are located on the top of the MMI board and consist of four
LEDs: one green LED and three red LEDs. They give you helpful information when
an error occurs. More about errors and malfunctions of the ventilator is described later
in this manual.

The main microprocessor is communicating with the master board by means of


connector P2. The MMI board sends to and receives information from the master
board. The master board can transmit to and receive data from the pneumatic board.
In this way the MMI board is communication with the pneumatic board.

Neptune ventilator 17 Technical manual


Block diagram MMI board

Neptune ventilator 18 Technical manual


1.4.2 Schematic diagram

The schematic diagram of the MMI board is represented on the following pages.

Neptune ventilator 19 Technical manual


1 2 3 4
VCC

7 SEG-LED BAR RS485 DRIVER MEMORY VCC


VCC R5 R6 R7 R8
1K5 1K5 1K5 1K5
7SEG - LED SPI MEMORY
MMI_LED.sch MMI_SPI.sch MMI_MEMORY.sch R1 R2 R3 R4 C5 C3 C4
100K 100K 100K 100K
D D1 D2 D3 D4 100N 100N 100N D
SW1
PF4 1 10
PF5 2 9 PB7 GND
LCD PF6 3 8 GND PB6
PF7 4 7 PB5
5 6 PB4
LCD 16MHz
MMI_LCD.sch X1 DS-05 APEM VCC
U3
Pspare

2,2µ / 10V Tant.


1
1 12P. C1 12P. C2 VCC
WR 2
Vout
U8C + C22 C6 3
2 100N GND C23
GND GND 13
A14 5 6 9 U9D 11 MAX6120EUR 1N
HEADER 2X1
U6 U9C 8 12
18 23 A15 74VHC14 10 AGND AGND AGND AGND
TOSC2 XTAL2 74VHC32 74VHC32
19 24 VCC
TOSC1 XTAL1
21 VCC VCC
C VCC C
CONTRAST_CS 32 17 PB7 U8B U2
PD7(T2) PB7(OC2/PWM2)
XSCL 31 16 PB6 8 1
PD6(T1)PB6(OC1B/PWM1B) Fo VCC
CLOCK 30 15 PB5 GND 3 4
PD5 PB5(OC1A/PWM1A)
DATA 29 14 PB4 ADC_SCK 7 2 1,2V
PD4(IC1) PB4(OC0/PWM0) SCK Vref
LEDBAR_CS 28 13 MISO U7
PD3(INT3) PB3(MISO) 74VHC14 R12
7SEG_CS 27 12 MOSI 1 ADC_DATA 6 3
PD2(INT2) PB2(MOSI) OC SDO Vin
ADC_SCK 26 11 PB1 11 4K7
PD1(INT1) PB1(SCK) CLK
ADC_CS 25 10 SS ADC_CS 5 4
PD0(INT0) PB0(ss) /CS GND
AD0 2 19 F_A15
1D 1Q
KB_INT 9 42 A15 AD1 3 18 F_A16 LTC2400CS8 AGND
PE7(INTR7) PC7(A15) 2D 2Q
ENC_B 8 41 A14 AD2 4 17 F_A17 O2
PE6(INTR6) PC6(A14) 3D 3Q
ENC_A 7 40 A13 AD3 5 16 F_A18 VCC +12V
PE5(INTR5) PC5(A13) 4D 4Q
LP 6 39 A12 AD4 6 15 R_A15
PE4(INTR4) PC4(A12) 5D 5Q
BUZ_CS 5 38 A11 AD5 7 14 R_A16
PE3(AC-) PC3(A11) 6D 6Q

10
BUZ_ON_OFF 4 37 A10 AD6 8 13 GND +12V

6
PE2(AC+) PC2(A10) 7D 7Q
PE1 3 36 A9 AD7 9 12 U4
PE1(PDO/TXD) PC1(A9) 8D 8Q
PE0 2 35 A8 4 14 11
PE0(PDI/RXD) PC0(A8) VCC H

VDD

VSS
74VHC574 U9B 6 CS_F
PF7 54 44 AD7 5 CLOCK 1
B PF7(ADC7) PA7(AD7) 74VHC32 SCLK B
PF6 55 45 AD6 U8A DATA 2 12
PF6(ADC6) PA6(AD6) DIN W
PF5 56 46 AD5 BUZ_CS 3
PF5(ADC5) PA5(AD5) CS R13
PF4 57 47 AD4 1 2 1 13
PF4(ADC4) PA4(AD4) L
KEY_Y3 58 48 AD3 U9A 3 CS_R 5 18K
PF3(ADC3) PA3(AD3) GND
KEY_Y2 59 49 AD2 2

MAX5437EUD
PF2(ADC2) PA2(AD2) 74VHC14 74VHC32 +
KEY_Y1 60 50 AD1 GND U1 GND 7
PF1(ADC1) PA1(AD1) OUT
ADC_DATA 61 51 AD0 1 - GND
PF0(ADC0) PA0(AD0) OC

SHDN
52 ALE 11
VCC C

IN+
62 ATmega103L 43 ALE

IN-
AREF ALE
VCC 63 34 RD AD0 2 19 A0
AGND RD 1D 1Q
64 33 WR AD1 3 18 A1
AVCC WR 2D 2Q
53 22 AD2 4 17 A2
GND GND 3D 3Q

4
AD3 5 16 A3 A15 1 BUZ_ON_OFF
4D 4Q
RST GND 20 1 GND AD4 6 15 A4 U10A 3 CS_LCD
RESET PEN 5D 5Q
AD5 7 14 A5 A14 2 BUZZER
ATMEGA128-16AI 6D 6Q 74VHC32
AD6 8 13 A6
7D 7Q
AD7 9 74VHC573 12 A7
8D 8Q

A
Title
MMI board Checked
A

KEY_Y1 4 KEY_Y3 9 ENC_SW 12 Size Number Revision


U10B 6 U10C 8 U10D 11 KB_INT
A4 MMI 092003v1 v1.0
KEY_Y2 5 10 13
74VHC32 74VHC32 74VHC32 Date: 24-Mar-2004 Sheet 1 of 5
File: C:\G\..\MMI.sch Drawn By: HDH
1 2 3 4

Neptune ventilator 20 Technical manual


1 2 3 4 5 6

D D

4 Mbit FLASH MEMORY 1 Mbit SRAM

U11 U12
A0 12 13 AD0 A0 1 6 AD0
A0 I/O0 A0 I/O1
A1 11 14 AD1 A1 2 7 AD1
A1 I/O1 A1 I/O2
A2 10 15 AD2 A2 3 10 AD2
A2 I/O2 A2 I/O3
A3 9 17 AD3 A3 4 11 AD3
A3 I/O3 A3 I/O4
A4 8 18 AD4 A4 13 22 AD4
A4 I/O4 A4 I/O5
A5 7 19 AD5 A5 14 23 AD5
A5 I/O5 A5 I/O6
A6 6 20 AD6 A6 15 26 AD6
A6 I/O6 A6 I/O7
A7 5 21 AD7 A7 16 27 AD7
A7 I/O7 A7 I/O8
A8 27 A8 17
C A8 A8 C
A9 26 A9 18
A9 A9
A10 23 A10 19
A10 A10
A11 25 A11 20
A11 A11
A12 4 A12 21
A12 A12
A13 28 A13 29
A13 A13
A14 29 A14 30
A14 A14
F_A15 3 R_A15 31
A15 A15
F_A16 2 R_A16 32
A16 A16
F_A17 30 VCC
A17
F_A18 1
A18
WR
WR 31 RD 12
WR WR
RD 24 CS_R 28
OE OE
CS_F 22 5
CE CE
AM29F040B_90EC HY628100B LLT1-70

B B

MEMORY
VCC

A A
C7 C8
100N 100N Title
MMI MEMORY Checked

Size Number Revision


GND
B MMI 092003v1 v1.0
Date: 24-Mar-2004 Sheet 2 of 5
File: C:\G\..\MMI_MEMORY.sch Drawn By: HDH
1 2 3 4 5 6

Neptune ventilator 21 Technical manual


B
C
D

Neptune ventilator
7SEG_CS
1_SEGA 16 14 1_DIG0
a DIG1
CLOCK 1_SEGB 15
b
1_SEGC 3
c
DATA 1_SEGD 2 3_SEGA 1 20 3_DIG0
d Aa
1_SEGE 1 3_SEGB 21
e Ab
1_SEGF 18 3_SEGC 2 19
f Ba
1_SEGG 17 3_SEGD 22
g Bb

12
13
1
18

1
1

R14
12K
1_SEGDP 4 3_SEGE 3 18
DP Ca
3_SEGF 23
Cb
19 1_SEGA 11 3_SEGG 4 17
V+ a Da

Iset
VCC
1_SEGB 10 3_SEGDP 24

DIN

CLK
b Db
1_SEGC 8 3_SEGA 5 16 3_DIG1
c Ea
14 1_SEGA 1_SEGD 6 3_SEGB 25
SEG A d Eb

LOAD(CS)
16 1_SEGB 1_SEGE 5 3_SEGC 6 15
SEG B e Fa
4 20 1_SEGC 1_SEGF 12 13 1_DIG1 3_SEGD 26
GND SEG C f DIG2 Fb
23 1_SEGD 1_SEGG 7 3_SEGE 7 14
SEG D g Ga
9 21 1_SEGE 1_SEGDP 9 3_SEGF 27
GND SEG E DP Gb

GNDGND
15 1_SEGF 3_SEGG 8 13

D5
SEG F Ha
17 1_SEGG 1_SEGA 16 14 1_DIG2 3_SEGDP 28
SEG G a DIG1 Hb
22 1_SEGDP 1_SEGB 15 3_SEGA 9 12 3_DIG2
SEG DP b Ia
1_SEGC 3 3_SEGB 29
c Ib
1_SEGD 2 3_SEGC 10 11
d Ja
2 1_DIG0 1_SEGE 1 3_SEGD 30
DIG 0 e Jb
11 1_DIG1 1_SEGF 18
DIG 1 f
D12

6 1_DIG2 1_SEGG 17 MV59164


DIG 2 g
7 1_DIG3 1_SEGDP 4
DIG 3 DP
3 1_DIG4 3_SEGE 1 20
DIG 4 Aa
10 1_DIG5 1_SEGA 11 3_SEGF 21
DIG 5 a Ab
5 1_DIG6 1_SEGB 10 3_SEGG 2 19
DIG 6 b Ba
8 1_DIG7 1_SEGC 8 3_SEGDP 22

Dout
DIG 7 c Bb
TIDAL VOLUME

MAX7221CWG
1_SEGD 6 3_SEGA 3 18 3_DIG3
d Ca
MINUTE VOLUME

1_SEGE 5 3_SEGB 23
e Cb

U16

2
2

1_SEGF 12 13 1_DIG3 3_SEGC 4 17

24
f DIG2 Da
1_SEGG 7 3_SEGD 24
g Db
1_SEGDP 9 3_SEGE 5 16
DP Ea
3_SEGF 25
D6

Eb
C-562G PARALIGHT 3_SEGG 6 15
Fa
3_SEGDP 26
Fb
3_SEGA 7 14 3_DIG4
Ga
2_SEGA 16 14 2_DIG0 3_SEGB 27
a DIG1 Gb

12
13
1
18
R15
12K
2_SEGB 15 3_SEGC 8 13
b Ha
2_SEGC 3 3_SEGD 28
c Hb
19 2_SEGD 2 3_SEGE 9 12
V+ d Ia

Iset
VCC
2_SEGE 1 3_SEGF 29

DIN

CLK
e Ib
2_SEGF 18 3_SEGG 10 11

C12
f Ja

100N
14 2_SEGA 2_SEGG 17 3_SEGDP 30
SEG A g Jb

LOAD(CS)
16 2_SEGB 2_SEGDP 4
SEG B DP
D13

4 20 2_SEGC MV59164
GND SEG C
PEAK

VCC

GND
23 2_SEGD 2_SEGA 11
SEG D a
9 21 2_SEGE 2_SEGB 10 3_SEGA 1 20 3_DIG5

C9
GND SEG E b Aa

100N
GND GND
15 2_SEGF 2_SEGC 8 3_SEGB 21
SEG F c Ab
17 2_SEGG 2_SEGD 6 3_SEGC 2 19
SEG G d Ba
22 2_SEGDP 2_SEGE 5 3_SEGD 22
SEG DP e Bb
2_SEGF 12 13 2_DIG1 3_SEGE 3 18
f DIG2 Ca
2_SEGG 7 3_SEGF 23

C10
g Cb

100N
2 2_DIG0 2_SEGDP 9 3_SEGG 4 17
DIG 0 DP Da
11 2_DIG1 3_SEGDP 24
D7

DIG 1 Db

3
3

6 2_DIG2 C-562G PARALIGHT 3_SEGA 5 16 3_DIG6


DIG 2 Ea
7 2_DIG3 3_SEGB 25
DIG 3 Eb
3 2_DIG4 3_SEGC 6 15

C11
DIG 4 Fa

100N
10 2_DIG5 2_SEGA 16 14 2_DIG2 3_SEGD 26
DIG 5 a DIG1 Fb
5 2_DIG6 2_SEGB 15 3_SEGE 7 14
DIG 6 b Ga
8 2_DIG7 2_SEGC 3 3_SEGF 27
Dout

DIG 7 c Gb
MAX7221CWG

2_SEGD 2 3_SEGG 8 13
d Ha
2_SEGE 1 3_SEGDP 28
e Hb
U15

2_SEGF 18 3_SEGA 9 12 3_DIG7


24

f Ia
2_SEGG 17 3_SEGB 29

+ C100
g Ib

10µ / 10V Tant.


2_SEGDP 4 3_SEGC 10 11
DP Ja
3_SEGD 30
Jb
2_SEGA 11
LEDBAR_CS
a
D14

2_SEGB 10 MV59164

22
b
2_SEGC 8
DATA
PLATEAU

c
2_SEGD 6 3_SEGE 1 20
d Aa
12
13
1
18
R16
12K

2_SEGE 5 3_SEGF 21
+ C101
e Ab

10µ / 10V Tant.


2_SEGF 12 13 2_DIG3 3_SEGG 2 19
f DIG2 Ba
19 2_SEGG 7 3_SEGDP 22
V+ g Bb
Iset
VCC

2_SEGDP 9 4_SEGA 3 18 4_DIG0


DIN

CLK

DP Ca
4_SEGB 23
D8

Cb
14 3_SEGA C-562G PARALIGHT 4_SEGC 4 17
SEG A Da
LOAD(CS)

16 3_SEGB 4_SEGD 24
SEG B Db
4 20 3_SEGC 4_SEGE 5 16
GND SEG C Ea
23 3_SEGD 2_SEGA 16 14 2_DIG4 4_SEGF 25
+ C102

SEG D a DIG1 Eb
4
4

9 21 3_SEGE 2_SEGB 15 4_SEGG 6 15


GND SEG E b Fa
GND GND

15 3_SEGF 2_SEGC 3 4_SEGDP 26


SEG F c Fb
17 3_SEGG 2_SEGD 2 4_SEGA 7 14 4_DIG1
SEG G d Ga
22 3_SEGDP 2_SEGE 1 4_SEGB 27
SEG DP e Gb
2_SEGF 18 4_SEGC 8 13
f Ha
2_SEGG 17 4_SEGD 28
g Hb
10µ / 10V Tant. 10µ / 10V Tant.

2 3_DIG0 2_SEGDP 4 4_SEGE 9 12


+ C103

DIG 0 DP Ia
11 3_DIG1 4_SEGF 29
DIG 1 Ib
6 3_DIG2 2_SEGA 11 4_SEGG 10 11
MEAN

DIG 2 a Ja
7 3_DIG3 2_SEGB 10 4_SEGDP 30
DIG 3 b Jb
3 3_DIG4 2_SEGC 8
DIG 4 c
D15

10 3_DIG5 2_SEGD 6 MV59164


DIG 5 d
5 3_DIG6 2_SEGE 5
DIG 6 e
8 3_DIG7 2_SEGF 12 13 2_DIG5 4_SEGA 1 20 4_DIG2
Dout

DIG 7 f DIG2 Aa
MAX7221CWG

2_SEGG 7 4_SEGB 21
g Ab
2_SEGDP 9 4_SEGC 2 19
DP Ba
U13

4_SEGD 22
D9

24

Bb
C-562G PARALIGHT 4_SEGE 3 18
Ca
4_SEGF 23
Cb
4_SEGG 4 17
Da
2_SEGA 16 14 2_DIG6 4_SEGDP 24
a DIG1 Db
2_SEGB 15 4_SEGA 5 16 4_DIG3
b Ea
2_SEGC 3 4_SEGB 25
c Eb
2_SEGD 2 4_SEGC 6 15
d Fa
2_SEGE 1 4_SEGD 26
e Fb
5
5

2_SEGF 18 4_SEGE 7 14
f Ga
2_SEGG 17 4_SEGF 27
g Gb
12
13
1
18

B
R17
12K

2_SEGDP 4 4_SEGG 8 13
Size

File:
Title

Date:

DP Ha
4_SEGDP 28
Hb
19 2_SEGA 11 4_SEGA 9 12 4_DIG4
PEEP

V+ a Ia
Iset
VCC

2_SEGB 10 4_SEGB 29
DIN

CLK

b Ib
2_SEGC 8 4_SEGC 10 11
c Ja
14 4_SEGA 2_SEGD 6 4_SEGD 30
SEG A d Jb
LOAD(CS)

16 4_SEGB 2_SEGE 5
Number

SEG B e
D16

4 20 4_SEGC 2_SEGF 12 13 2_DIG7 MV59164


GND SEG C f DIG2
24-Mar-2004

23 4_SEGD 2_SEGG 7
SEG D g
9 21 4_SEGE 2_SEGDP 9 4_SEGE 1 20
GND SEG E DP Aa
GND GND

15 4_SEGF 4_SEGF 21
SEG F Ab
D10

C:\G\..\MMI_LED.sch

17 4_SEGG C-562G PARALIGHT 4_SEGG 2 19


SEG G Ba
22 4_SEGDP 4_SEGDP 22
SEG DP Bb
4_SEGA 3 18 4_DIG5
Ca
1_SEGA 16 14 1_DIG4 4_SEGB 23
a DIG1 Cb
2 4_DIG0 1_SEGB 15 4_SEGC 4 17
DIG 0 b Da
11 4_DIG1 1_SEGC 3 4_SEGD 24
DIG 1 c Db
6 4_DIG2 1_SEGD 2 4_SEGE 5 16
DIG 2 d Ea
7 4_DIG3 1_SEGE 1 4_SEGF 25
MMI 092003v1

DIG 3 e Eb
3 4_DIG4 1_SEGF 18 4_SEGG 6 15
DIG 4 f Fa
10 4_DIG5 1_SEGG 17 4_SEGDP 26
DIG 5 g Fb
5 4_DIG6 1_SEGDP 4 4_SEGA 7 14 4_DIG6
DIG 6 DP Ga
7 SEGMENT DISPLAY - LED BAR

8 4_DIG7 4_SEGB 27
O2

Dout

DIG 7 Gb
6
6

MAX7221CWG

Sheet 3 of 5

1_SEGA 11 4_SEGC 8 13
a Ha
1_SEGB 10 4_SEGD 28
b Hb
U14

Drawn By: HDH

1_SEGC 8 4_SEGE 9 12
24

c Ia
1_SEGD 6 4_SEGF 29
d Ib
Checked

Revision

1_SEGE 5 4_SEGG 10 11
e Ja
1_SEGF 12 13 1_DIG5 4_SEGDP 30
f DIG2 Jb
1_SEGG 7
g
D17

1_SEGDP 9 MV59164
v1.0

DP
7SEG - LED

D11

C-562G PARALIGHT
B
C

A
D

Technical manual
1 2 3 4 5 6

D D

4µ7 / 16V Tant.


+12V VCC VCC

4µ7 / 16V Tant.


+ C25 C17 + C24 C16
C14 C15 MOSIA R18 MOSIB +24V R22
100N 100N 100N 100N 5K6 1K8

ZENER 20V 0,4W


MISOA R19 MISOB
GND GND GND 5K6
SCKA R20 SCKB
D18 Q1 R23
5K6
SSSLV1A R21 SSSLV1B 1K8
SPI

MMBF170
U8F 5K6
SS 13 12
R24
74VHC14 3K3

U17 P2
1 20 MISOA MOSIA MOSIB
DE1/RE1 OA1 1 2
C MISO 2 19 MISOB MISOA MISOB C
DR1 OB1 3 4
MOSI 3 18 MOSIA SCKA SCKB GND
DR2 OA2 5 6
4 17 MOSIB SSSLV1A SSSLV1B P3
DE2/RE2 OB2 7 8
5 BUZZER +24V 1
DE3/RE3 9 10
SCK 6 15 SCKA +12V VCC 2
DR3 OA3 11 12
SS 7 14 SCKB PS_ON_OFF 3
RO4 OB3 13 14
8 13 SSSLV1A PS_ON_OFF 4
DI4 OA4 15 16
9 12 SSSLV1B 1_SEGA 5

CONNECT TO KEYBOARD
DE4 OB4 17 18
10 11 O2 1_SEGB 6
RE4 GND 19 20
GND 1_SEGC 7
DS36954 GND HEADER 10X2 1_SEGD 8
1_SEGE 9
GND GND AGND 1_SEGF 10
1_SEGG 11
1_SEGDP 12
1_DIG6 13
1_DIG7 14
KEY_X1 15
KEY_X2 16
KEY_Y1 17
U19 KEY_Y2 18
PSCK 12 14 PB1 KEY_Y3 19
AX O/IA
SCK 13 PMOSI
AY
B PMISO 2 15 PE1 U18 VCC B
BX O/IB
KEY_X2 1 1 4 P1 VCC
BY GND VCC
1 2 CY3 R10 CY2 R9 CY1 R11
PMOSI 5 4 PE0 GND 1K5
CX O/IC 3 4
KEY_X1 3 RST 2 3 1K5 1K5
CY RST MR 5 6
7 8
RST 11 MAX811L
A C13 9 10
10 GND GND GND GND GND GND
B 100N
9 HEADER 5X2 HAAKS
C
PSCK GND
6 PMISO GND
INH
GND 74HC4053

VCC VCC
VCC VCC
ENC_A

ENC_B
ENC_SW
R26
R25 3K3
U8E 3K3
P4
10 11 1 2
3 4 U8D
A 5 6 A
74VHC14 R27
7 8 9 8
Title
9 10
3K3
74AHC14 MMI SPI Checked

HEADER 5X2
Size Number Revision
B MMI 092003v1 v1.0
GND GND
Date: 24-Mar-2004 Sheet 4 of 5
File: C:\G\..\MMI_SPI.sch Drawn By: HDH
1 2 3 4 5 6

Neptune ventilator 23 Technical manual


1 2 3 4 5 6

VCC

VCC VCC VCC

2
C19 C18 C20 STR2
100N 100N 100N

10µ / 35V Tant. Low ESR


D D

1
GND GND GND
C21
C28 +
100N L1
47µH

GND GND

8
-22V R29
U22
C30 68K
U21 D20 VCC

VCC
7 R33
VA0 10 11 VD0 LX
A0 D0 2E
VA1 9 12 VD1 C31 C29
A1 D1 1 2.2µF / 40V

MBR0540T1
VA2 8 13 VD2 SHDN MBR0540T1 R31
A2 D2 D19 R28 10µ / 35V Tant. Low ESR

100pF / 40 V
VA3 7 15 VD3 270K
A3 D3 5 120K
+
VA4 6 16 VD4 ISET
A4 D4

10
VA5 5 17 VD5

6
A5 D5 2
VA6 4 18 VD6 POL U5
A6 D6 GND
VA7 3 19 VD7 14 11
A7 D7 MAX629ESA GND VCC H

VDD

VSS
VA8 25
A8 R30
VA9 24 256 CLOCK 1
A9 4 6k8 SCLK
VA10 21 FB DATA 2 12
A10 DIN W
VA11 23 CONTRAST_CS 3
C A11 3 CS C

GND
VA12 2 REF 13
A12 L
VA13 26 C32 5
A13 GND
VA14 1

MAX5437EUD
A14 2.2µF / 10V +
GND 7
OUT
VWR 27

6
WR -

SHDN
22
OE

IN+
20

IN-
CE GND GND
GND
BS62LV256SC-70
VA15

4
VCC

VA10
VA11
VA12
VA13
VA14
VA15
VA0
VA1
VA2
VA3
VA4
VA5
VA6
VA7
VA8
VA9
VWR

VCC
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
28
27
U20 P5
44 26 VD0 XD0 1
VRW VD0 D0
VA0
VA1
VA2
VA3
VA4
VA5
VA6
VA7
VA8
VA9
VA10
VA11
VA12
VA13
VA14
VA15

45 25 VD1 XD1 2

CONNECT TO LCD DISPLAY


VCE VD1 D1
RST 47 24 VD2 XD2 3
RES VD2 D2
RD 50 23 VD3 XD3 4
RD VD3 D3
B WR 51 22 VD4 5 B
WR VD4 /DOFF
52 21 VD5 YD 6
SEL2 VD5 FLM
53 20 VD6 7
SEL1 VD6 N.C.
CS_LCD GND 56 19 VD7 LP 8
CS S1D13305F00A1 VD7 CL1
A0 57 18 XSCL 9
A0 YSCL CL2
AD0 59 17 YD 10
D0 YD VDD
AD1 60 16 11
D1 YDIS VSS
AD2 1 15 12
D2 WF VEE
AD3 2 14 LP Vo 13
D3 LP Vo
AD4 3 12 XSCL 14
OSC1

OSC2

D4 XSCL VSS
XD0
XD1
XD2
XD3

AD5 4 11
NC
NC
NC
NC
D6
D7

D5 XECL

GND
5
6

54

55
29
46
48
49
10
9
8
7

X2

+12V
10 MHz

C26 C27
AD6
AD7

XD0
XD1
XD2
XD3

10P. 10P. U23 P6


8 1 R32 1
Vin Vout
GND GND 82E CONNECT TO LED BACKLIGHT
7 2 2
GND GND
A 6 3 GND A
GND GND
VCC
5 4 Title Checked
NC
LM78L05ACM
NC
LCD INTERFACE
STR1
1 2 Size Number Revision
B MMI 092003v1 v1.0
Date: 24-Mar-2004 Sheet 5 of 5
File: C:\G\..\MMI_LCD.sch Drawn By: HDH
1 2 3 4 5 6

Neptune ventilator 24 Technical manual


1.4.3 MMI board layout

Neptune ventilator 25 Technical manual


Neptune ventilator 26 Technical manual
1.4.4 Built-in test software

• Start-up test

After turning the ventilator on, the MMI board will test the different functions.

During start-up the following tests are executed:

o Microprocessor internal functions tests:


ƒ test internal program memory
ƒ test internal SRAM memory
ƒ test the timers
ƒ test internal EEPROM memory
ƒ test Watchdog

o Microprocessor external functions tests:


ƒ test external SRAM memory
ƒ test external flash memory
ƒ test LCD driver with Medec logo
ƒ test keyboard for shorts
ƒ buzzer test

Neptune ventilator 27 Technical manual


ƒ Visual test of the leds and the displays on the keyboard panel.
All segments and leds are on.

ƒ Visual test of the barograph


The green leds light up from left to right and the red leds from
right to left.

o Microprocessor communication test:


ƒ Tests the communication between MMI board and master
board.

When all these tests are executed successfully, the MMI board is ready to start
working. If an error occurred, the type of error is displayed on the LED indicators.

G R R R

Neptune ventilator 28 Technical manual


After start-up, the LED indicators can show the following errors:

LED indicators Type error

Device is working properly


G R R R

Microprocessor internal function error


G R R R

Microprocessor external function error


G R R R

Communication error
G R R R
Note: During error free operation of the ventilator, the LED indicators might be
turned on and off by the software. This is quite normal and has nothing to
do with error codes.

To determine the exact error on the MMI board, you have to perform a specific test by
using the build-in test software.

Note: When executing a specific test on the MMI board, there will be no
communication between the master board and the MMI board. The master
board will interprete this as a communication error and a continuous beep
is audible. This can be very annoying. To prevent this error, put the master
board in internal test mode by setting dipswitch 1 high. For detailed
instructions, see the master board section later in this manual.

Neptune ventilator 29 Technical manual


• Microprocessor internal function test

If a microprocessor internal error is detected, execute an internal function test as


follows:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display continuously shows the Medec logo

o Display changes from normal to inverted to flashing


o If no errors where found, all the red LEDs are off and the green LED is
blinking
o If an error is detected, the error is indicated on the red error LEDs and
the green LED is off. The possible errors are illustrated in the table on
the next page:

Neptune ventilator 30 Technical manual


INTERNAL FUNCTION TEST ERROR CODES
Error LEDs Error code Description

0 NO ERRORS detected, test loop is running


G R R R

1 Internal PROGRAM MEMORY error


G R R R

2 Internal SRAM error


G R R R

3 Internal TIMER error


G R R R

4 Internal EEPROM error


G R R R

5 Internal WATCHDOG error


G R R R

6 Reserved
G R R R

7 Reserved
G R R R

Neptune ventilator 31 Technical manual


# Resolve internal function test error code 4 - Internal EEPROM error

To fix error code 4 or internal EEPROM error, follow the next steps:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o You will notice that all the LED indicators are blinking fast. This
means that the MMI board EEPROM settings are restored to the
factory settings. You need to check the values in the setup menu
afterwards
o Turn the ventilator off
o Repeat the microprocessor internal functions test described on the
previous page. If the EEPROM error still remains, contact an
authorized service engineer

Note: Restoring the MMI EEPROM settings will not affect the pneumatic board
EEPROM settings. Calibration of the ventilator is not needed in this case.
Just check the power-on parameters and the speaker sound volume in the
setup menu.

Warning: Try to resolve internal function error code 4 (EEPROM error) with
the instructions described above. For all other internal function test
errors, contact an authorized service engineer.

Neptune ventilator 32 Technical manual


• Microprocessor external function test

If a microprocessor external error is detected, execute an external function test as


follows:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display continuously shows the Medec logo
o The Medec logo changes from time to time from normal to inverted to
flashing

o If no errors where found, all the red LEDs are off and the green LED is
blinking. Some devices need to be visually checked for failures.
o Visual test for the barograph: check that all red leds light up from right
to left and the green leds from left to right.

Neptune ventilator 33 Technical manual


o 7 segment displays:
all segments light up once. When a digit is done, the Dp segment is lit.

After this test, a counter from 0 to F is displayed on all digits.

Neptune ventilator 34 Technical manual


o Leds on the keyboard panel: the test starts with all leds off. Each led is
lit up once.

Battery => Tidal volume => Minute volume => O2 High => O2 Low
=> CMV => PCV => Manual => Standby => High pressure Alarm
=> Low pressure alarm => Apnea alarm => Trigger => LCD led.

After this test, the leds light up in the following sequence:

1° Standby (1)
2° Standby (1), High pressure (2)
3° Standby (1), High pressure (2), Low pressure (3)
4° Standby (1), High pressure (2), Low pressure (3), Apnea alarm (4)
5° Standby (1), High pressure (2), Low pressure (3), Apnea alarm (4),
Trigger (5)
6° Standby (1), High pressure (2), Low pressure (3), Apnea alarm (4),
Trigger (5) and LCD led (6)

2
3
4
5

o LCD contrast
In the FiO2 display appears a counter from 1 to 5.
The contrast of the LCD changes with each value.

Neptune ventilator 35 Technical manual


o Alarm buzzer volume
In the FiO2 display appears a counter from 1 to 5.
The audio volume of the buzzer changes with each value.

o O2 sensor
In the FiO2 display appears O2.

When no sensor attached, the value should be around 7FFFF


When shorted, the value should be around 000000
A good sensor, should have a value around 3F8000

Neptune ventilator 36 Technical manual


o If an error is detected, the error is indicated on the red error LEDs and
the green LED is off. The possible errors are illustrated in the table
below.

EXTERNAL FUNCTION TEST ERROR CODES


Error LEDs Error code Description

0 NO ERRORS detected, test running


G R R R

1 External FLASH/ROM error


G R R R

2 External SRAM error


G R R R

3 LCD DISPLAY DRIVER error


G R R R

4 Reserved
G R R R

5 Reserved
G R R R

6 Reserved
G R R R

7 Reserved
G R R R

Note: The external function test is running continuously. When an error is


detected, the error is indicated on the LED indicators, and the external
function test is repeated. It’s not necessary to turn the ventilator on and off
to repeat the external function test.

Neptune ventilator 37 Technical manual


# Resolve external function test error code 1 - External flash error

There is a problem with the external flash memory. The microprocessor is only
reading data from the flash memory for display on the graphics display.
Contact an authorized service engineer if the problem cannot be resolved.

# Resolve external function test error code 2 - External SRAM error

There is a problem with the external SRAM memory. The microprocessor is reading
data from and writing data to the external SRAM memory.
Contact an authorized service engineer if the problem cannot be resolved.

# Resolve external function test error code 3 - External display driver error

There is a problem with the external display driver. It’s not necessary to connect the
graphics display with the MMI board to perform an external display driver test. The
microprocessor is writing data to and reading data from the display driver.
Contact an authorized service engineer if the problem cannot be resolved.

# Resolve external function test error code 4 - Keyboard error

There is a problem with the keyboard.


To define which error is detected on the keyboard controller, you can perform a
specific keyboard controller test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display shows the Medec logo and all leds are off

Neptune ventilator 38 Technical manual


15

2
1
3
12

13

4
5
6
7 14
8
9
10
11 o Press the volume mode key (1).
The leds tidal volume (2) and minute volume (3) should come on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

o Press the CMV key (5).


The led CMV (4) should be on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

o Press the PCV key (7).


The led PCV (6) should be on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

o Press the Manual key (9).


The led Manual (8) should be on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

o Press the Standby key (11).


The led Standby (10) should be on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

o Press the Silent key (13).


The led LCD (12) should be on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

o Press the rotary knob (14).


The led battery (15) should be on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

Neptune ventilator 39 Technical manual


• Microprocessor communication test

To perform a microprocessor communication test, perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

o Change the dipswitch setting of the master board with a small


screwdriver to

o Turn the ventilator on.


o If no errors found, the green LED is blinking. If an error is detected,
the error is indicated on the red error LED’s and the green LED is off.
The red LED’s indicating the numbers of error’s detected (binary
number between 1 and 7).

• LED indicator test

To test the error LED indicators, perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display continuously shows the Medec logo
o The error LEDs are blinking one by one

Neptune ventilator 40 Technical manual


• Showing a test pattern on the graphics display

To test the display driver and/or graphics display, you can show a test pattern on
the graphics display. Perform the following instructions:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display shows a test pattern

Neptune ventilator 41 Technical manual


• Alarm buzzer test

To test the buzzer, perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display continuously shows the Medec logo
o In the FiO2 display (1) appears a counter from 1 to 5
The audio volume of the buzzer changes with each value

Neptune ventilator 42 Technical manual


• LCD contrast test

To test the buzzer, perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display continuously shows the Medec logo
o In the FiO2 display (1) appears a counter from 1 to 5
The LCD contrast changes with each value

Neptune ventilator 43 Technical manual


• Barograph test

To test the barograph, perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display continuously shows the Medec logo
o First test: the green leds light up from left to right in the airway
pressure window.

o Second test: the red leds light up from left to right in the airway
pressure window.

o Third test: both green and red leds light up from left to right in the
airway pressure window.

Neptune ventilator 44 Technical manual


• Keyboard test

To test the barograph, perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display continuously shows the Medec logo

15

2
1
3
12

13

4
5
6
7 14
8
9
10
11 o Press the volume mode key (1).
The leds tidal volume (2) and minute volume (3) should come on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

o Press the CMV key (5).


The led CMV (4) should be on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

o Press the PCV key (7).


The led PCV (6) should be on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

Neptune ventilator 45 Technical manual


o Press the Manual key (9).
The led Manual (8) should be on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

o Press the Standby key (11).


The led Standby (10) should be on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

o Press the Silent key (13).


The led LCD (12) should be on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

o Press the rotary knob (14).


The led battery (15) should be on.
Release the key. The leds should be off.

Neptune ventilator 46 Technical manual


• Keyboard leds test

To test the keyboard leds, perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display continuously shows the Medec logo
o First test: the leds light up one by one

Neptune ventilator 47 Technical manual


o Second test: the leds light up in the following way:
1° Standby (1)
2° Standby (1), High pressure (2)
3° Standby (1), High pressure (2), Low pressure (3)
4° Standby (1), High pressure (2), Low pressure (3), Apnea alarm (4)
5° Standby (1), High pressure (2), Low pressure (3), Apnea alarm (4),
Trigger (5)
6° Standby (1), High pressure (2), Low pressure (3), Apnea alarm (4),
Trigger (5) and LCD led (6)

2
3
4
5

Neptune ventilator 48 Technical manual


• 7 segment display test

To test the 7 segment displays, perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display continuously shows the Medec logo
o First test: each segment lights up once. When a digit is done, the
decimal point segment is on.

Neptune ventilator 49 Technical manual


o Second test: on each display a counter from 0 to F is displayed

Neptune ventilator 50 Technical manual


• O2 sensor test

To test the 7 segment displays, perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display continuously shows the Medec logo

In the FiO2 display appears O2.

When no sensor attached, the value should be around 7FFFF


When shorted, the value should be around 000000
A good sensor, should have a value around 3F8000

Neptune ventilator 51 Technical manual


• Encoder test

To test the encoder, perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display continuously shows the Medec logo
o The displays are blank
Turn the knob to the right. In the peep display appears a number. This
number increments with each click of the encoder.
Turn the knob to the right. This number decrements with each click of
the encoder

Note: Make sure that in normal operating mode of the Neptune ventilator the
dipswitches of the MMI board, master board and pneumatic board are put
in the following position:

1 2 3 4 5

Neptune ventilator 52 Technical manual


1.4.5 Graphics display

The LCD display is quarter-VGA display. It has a contrast adjustment.


The graphics display excels in a wide range of ambient lighting environments while
effectively eliminating the blooming.
The display consists of a cristal panel and control electronics.

Note: The display generates voltages capable of causing personal injury (high
voltage up to -24 VDC). Do not touch the display electronics during
operation.

The display is connected to connector P5 and P6 of the MMI board.

After switching the ventilator on, the display will respond after a few seconds.

Neptune ventilator 53 Technical manual


1.5 O2 MEASUREMENT

1.5.1 General

The O2 measurement is integrated into the MMI board.

1.5.2 Operation

The oxygen measurement is done with an O2 fuel cell. The oxygen sensor function is
similar to a typical battery. The O2 fuel cell generates a small voltage that is linear
with the oxygen concentration. The output voltage of a new O2 fuel cell is about 15,0
± 2 mV at dry ambient air.

The voltage is converted to a digital value through the 24-bit ADC converter. U2
generates a reference voltage equal to 1,2V used by the ADC converter U1.

LED D1 is lit when the ADC converter is working properly.

• O2 sensor test

To test the O2 sensor, perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The graphics display continuously shows the Medec logo
o The display fields plateau, mean and peep are showing a value
When no sensor attached, the value should be around 7FFFF
When shorted, the value should be around 000000
A good sensor should have a value around 3F8000

Neptune ventilator 54 Technical manual


1.5.3 O2 Measurement specifications

• Ambient air calibration

Minimum sensor input voltage: ± 4,3 mV

Maximum sensor input voltage: ± 230 mV

• 100% O2 calibration

Minimum sensor input voltage: Ambient air cal. voltage x 4

Maximum sensor input voltage: 1200 mV

• Recommended calibration

Calibrate every 24 hours with ambient air and/or 100% O2.

Neptune ventilator 55 Technical manual


1.6 MASTER BOARD

1.6.1 Block diagram

The block diagram of the master board is represented on the following page.

The master board looks after the communication between the MMI board and the
pneumatic board. The master board contains a reprogrammable microprocessor
(reprogrammable by means of connector P3).

The real time clock keeps up the actual time and date. It contains also timer
information like the total working time of the ventilator, service time, etc.

The audible safety circuit contains a buzzer. The buzzer is driven by the
microprocessor and the reset signal. If an error is detected, the buzzer generates an
audible sound.

The master board is also provided with a RS-232 interface.

Neptune ventilator 56 Technical manual


Programming
Ram
interface LED indicators
memory
(connector P3)

Real time
clock
microprocessor

audible safety
circuit

SPI communication with other boards RS-232 RS-232 interface


(connector P2) interface (connector P4)

Master board
Block diagram master board

Neptune ventilator 57 Technical manual


1.6.2 Schematic diagram

The schematic diagram of the master board is represented on the following pages.

Neptune ventilator 58 Technical manual


1 2 3 4

VCC VCC VCC VCC

SPI BUS
R1 R2 R3 R4
1K5 1K5 1K5 1K5
D D
U6 U7
D1 D2 D3 D4 A0 10 11 AD0 A0 10 11 AD0
A0 D0 A0 D0

HLMP-1790

HLMP-1700

HLMP-1700

HLMP-1700
SPIBUS.sch X1 4MHZ A1 9 12 AD1 A1 9 12 AD1
A1 D1 A1 D1
A2 8 13 AD2 A2 8 13 AD2
A2 D2 A2 D2
A3 7 15 AD3 A3 7 15 AD3
C1 C2 A3 D3 A3 D3
PB7 A4 6 16 AD4 A4 6 16 AD4
33pF 33pF A4 D4 A4 D4
PB6 A5 5 17 AD5 A5 5 17 AD5
A5 D5 A5 D5
PB5 A6 4 18 AD6 A6 4 18 AD6
A6 D6 A6 D6
GND GND PB4 A7 3 19 AD7 A7 3 19 AD7
A7 D7 A7 D7
U4 A8 25 A8 25
A8 A8
U1 PD3 1 15 SS0 A9 24 256 A9 24 256
A Y0 A9 A9
18 23 PD4 2 14 SS1 A10 21 A10 21
TOSC2 XTAL2 B Y1 A10 A10
19 24 PD5 3 13 SS2 A11 23 A11 23
TOSC1 XTAL1 C Y2 A11 A11
21 12 SS3 A12 2 A12 2
VCC VCC Y3 A12 A12
PD7 32 17 PB7 11 SS4 A13 26 A13 26
PD7(T2) PB7(OC2/PWM2) Y4 A13 A13
PD6 31 16 PB6 SS 4 10 SS5 1 1
PD6(T1)PB6(OC1B/PWM1B) E1 Y5 A14 A14
PD5 30 15 PB5 5 9 SS6
PD5 PB5(OC1A/PWM1A) E2 Y6
PD4 29 14 PB4 6 7 SS7 27 27
PD4(IC1) PB4(OC0/PWM0) E3 Y7 WR WR
PD3 28 13 MISO RD 22 RD 22
C PD3(INT3) PB3(MISO) OE OE C
PD2 27 12 MOSI VCC 74HC138 CS0 20 CS1 20
PD2(INT2) PB2(MOSI) CE CE
PD1 26 11 PB1 U3
PD1(INT1) PB1(SCK)
PD0 25 10 SS PD0 1 15 CS0 RAM/ROM/FLASH RAM/ROM/FLASH
PD0(INT0) PB0(ss) A Y0
PD1 2 14 CS1
B Y1 S5 S3 S1
PE7 9 42 A15 PD2 3 13 CS2 A14 1 0 1 0 1 0 WR
PE7(INTR7) PC7(A15) C Y2
PE6 8 41 A14 GND 12 CS3
PE6(INTR6) PC6(A14) Y3 S6 S4 S2
PE5 7 40 A13 11 CS4 WR 1 0 1 0 1 0 A14
PE5(INTR5) PC5(A13) Y4
PE4 6 39 A12 4 10 CS5
PE4(INTR4) PC4(A12) E1 Y5
PE3 5 38 A11 5 9 CS6 VCC
PE3(AC-) PC3(A11) E2 Y6
PE2 4 37 A10 A15 6 7 CS7
PE2(AC+) PC2(A10) E3 Y7
PE1 3 36 A9 VCC VCC
PE1(PDO/TXD) PC1(A9) LITHIUM 3V
PE0 2 35 A8 74HC138
PE0(PDI/RXD) PC0(A8)
GND U2 R5 R6 R7 R8
PF7 54 44 AD7 1
PF7(ADC7) PA7(AD7) OC

100K

100K

100K

100K
PF6 55 45 AD6 ALE11 SW1 X2 BAT1 R12 R11
PF6(ADC6) PA6(AD6) C
ATmega103L

PF5 56 46 AD5 PF4 1 10


PF5(ADC5) PA5(AD5)
PF4 57 47 AD4 AD0 2 19 A0 PF5 2 9 32.768KHz
PF4(ADC4) PA4(AD4) 1D 1Q
PF3 58 48 AD3 AD1 3 18 A1 PF6 3 8
PF3(ADC3) PA3(AD3) 2D 2Q

100K

100K
PF2 59 49 AD2 AD2 4 17 A2 PF7 4 7 GND
B PF2(ADC2) PA2(AD2) 3D 3Q B
PF1 60 50 AD1 AD3 5 16 A3 5 6 U8 VCC
PF1(ADC1) PA1(AD1) 4D 4Q
PF0 61 51 AD0 AD4 6 15 A4 1 24
PF0(ADC0) PA0(AD0) 5D 5Q PWR VCC
52 AD5 7 14 A5 DS-05 APEM 2 23
VCC VCC 6D 6Q X1 SQW
62 43 ALE AD6 8 13 A6 3 22
AREF ALE 7D 7Q +24V X2 Vbaux
63 34 RD AD7 9 12 A7 AD0 4 21
AGND RD 8D 8Q AD0 RCLR
64 33 WR GND AD1 5 20
AVCC WR AD1 Vbat
53 22 74HC573 +12V R9 AD2 6 19 PE4
C20 GND GND AD2 IRQ
100K AD3 7 18
10nF AD3 KS
20 1 GND U5 PF1 AD4 8 17 RD
RESET PEN AD4 RD
A8 1 15 CS8 AD5 9 16
A Y0 AD5 GND
GND 103L RST A9 2 14 CS9 R10 AD6 10 15 WR
B Y1 AD6 WR
A10 3 13 CS10 100K R14 + AD7 11 14 ALE
C Y2 AD7 ALE
12 CS11 PF0 3K9 12 13 CS8
Y3 GND CS
VCC 11 CS12
Y4 C4
U14 A14 4 10 CS13 + GND DS1685
E1 Y5 10µF 10µF
1 A15 5 9 CS14 R15 GND GND GND
VCC E2 Y6
2 A12 6 7 CS15 10K
Vout E3 Y7 C3
3
GND
74HC138
A
MAX6045AEUR-T GND GND
Title
MASTER A
+
C5 C6 Size Number Revision
10µF 100nF
A4
MASTER012000v1 v1.0
Date: 15-Jan-2003 Sheet 1 of 2
GND File: C:\DOCUMENT\..\master.sch Drawn By: JP-KDP
1 2 3 4

Neptune ventilator 59 Technical manual


1 2 3 4

VCC MOSIA R17 MOSIB P1


R18 5k6 1 2
MISOA MISOB
3 4
5k6 GND GND
R19 5 6
VCC U10 SCKA SCKB VCC
D 7 8 D
1 20 SSSLV1A 5K6 VCC
DE1/RE1 OA1 R24 9 10
SS1 2 19 SSSLV1B SSSLV0A SSSLV0B
C24 C25 DR1 OB1 11 12
SS2 3 18 SSSLV2A 5k6 + C21 C18
100N 100N DR2 OA2 R20 22µF 100N 13 14
4 17 SSSLV2B SSSLV1A SSSLV1B
DE2/RE2 OB2 15 16
5 5k6
DE3/RE3 R21 17 18
GND SS3 6 15 SSSLV3A SSSLV2A SSSLV2B
DR3 OA3 19 20
7 14 SSSLV3B 5k6 GND
RO4 OB3 R22 21 22
SS4 8 13 SSSLV4A SSSLV3A SSSLV3B +12V GND GND
DI4 OA4 23 24
VCC 9 12 SSSLV4B 5k6 +12V
DE4 OB4 R23 25 26
10 11 SSSLV4A SSSLV4B
RE4 GND 27 28
5k6 + C22
C26 C27 22µF C19 29 30
SP495 GND
100N 100N 100N 31 32
33 34
35 36
GND GND U9 GND GND
1 20 MISOA P2 +24V HEADER 18X2
DE1/RE1 OA1
MISO 2 19 MISOB MOSIA MOSIB
DR1 OB1 1 2
MOSI 3 18 MOSIA MISOA MISOB
DR2 OA2 3 4
VCC 4 17 MOSIB SCKA SCKB
C DE2/RE2 OB2 5 6 C
5 SSSLV0A SSSLV0B
DE3/RE3 7 8
SCK 6 15 SCKA SSSLV1A SSSLV1B
C12 C13 DR3 OA3 9 10
7 14 SCKB SSSLV2A SSSLV2B
100N 100N RO4 OB3 11 12
SS0 8 13 SSSLV0A SSSLV3A SSSLV3B
DI4 OA4 13 14
9 12 SSSLV0B SSSLV4A SSSLV4B
DE4 OB4 15 16
GND 10 11
VCC RE4 GND 17 18
100K P4
R13 19 20
SP495 GND GND GND
21 22 1 2
VCC
23 24 3 4
25 26 5 6
C16 C17 27 28 7 8
100N 100N 29 30 GND 9 10 GND
31 32
PE3 HEADER 5X2
33 34
GND U11 RPE0
35 36
PSCK 12 14 PB1
AX O/IA HEADER 18X2
SCK 13 PMOSI U13
AY
13 12
R1 IN R1 OUT
PMISO 2 15 PE1 U12 VCC 8 9
B BX O/IB R2 IN R2 OUT B
VCC TPE1 1 1 4 P3 VCC TPE1 11 14
BY GND VCC T1 IN T1 OUT
PE2 10 7
1 2 T2 IN T2 OUT
PMOSI 5 4 PE0 GND 1 4
C14 C15 CX O/IC 3 4 C1+ C2+
RPE0 3 RST 2 3 3 5
100N 100N CY RST MR 5 6 C1 - C2 -
+ C8 2 6 +
C7 7 8 V+ V- C9
RST 11 max811L
A 9 10 0.1µF 16V
GND+12V 10 MAX202ECWE
B 100nF
9
C
PSCK GND HEADER 5X2
D7 VCC 6 PMISO GND C10 C11 0.1µF 16V
1N4148 INH
+
GND 74HC4053
+
BUZ1 D6
0.1µF 16V
0.1µF 16V
R25 VCC GND
10K 1N4148
Q3
R27 PD7
Q1 Q2 Title
A 1K A
BS170M C28 RST C29 R26 SPIBUS
100N BS170M 100N 100K
BS170M Size Number Revision
A4 MAS012000v1 v1.0
GND GND GND
GND GND GND Date: 9-Jan-2003 Sheet 2 of 2
File: C:\DOCUMENT\..\SPIBUS.sch Drawn By: JP-KDP
1 2 3 4

Neptune ventilator 60 Technical manual


1.6.3 Build-in test software

After turning the ventilator on, the master board will test all his different functions.
During start-up the following tests are executed:

o Microprocessor internal functions tests:

ƒ test internal program memory


ƒ test internal SRAM memory
ƒ test the timers
ƒ test EEPROM memory
ƒ test Watchdog

o Microprocessor external functions test

ƒ test external SRAM memory


ƒ test external RS-232
ƒ test external real time clock

o Microprocessor communication test

ƒ test the communication between master board and display


board
ƒ test the communication between master board and pneumatic
board

When all these tests are executed successfully, the master board is ready to start
working. If an error occurred, the type of error is displayed on the LED indicators.

G R R R

After start-up the LED indicators can show the following errors:

LED indicators Type error

Device is working properly


G R R R

Microprocessor internal function error


G R R R

Microprocessor external function error


G R R R

Communication error
G R R R

Neptune ventilator - 61 - Technical manual


To determine the exact error on the master board, you have to perform a specific test
by using the build-in test software.

Note: During executing a specific test on the master board there will be no
communication between the master board and the display board. The
MMI board will interpret this as a communication error and a
communication error code is displayed and also an alarm sound is
audible. This can be very annoying. To prevent this error put the MMI
board in internal test mode by setting dipswitch 1 high. See the MMI
board section in this manual for detailed instructions.

Note: The pneumatic board will also detect a communication error during a
executing a specific test on the master board. Don’t pay any attention
to it in this situation.

• Microprocessor internal function test

If a microprocessor internal error is detected, execute an internal function test as


follow:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune.
o Change the dipswitch setting of the master board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o If no errors where found, all the red LED’s are off and the green LED
is blinking.
o If an error is detected, the error is indicated on the red error LED’s and
the green LED is off. The possible errors are illustrated in the table on
the next page:

Neptune ventilator - 62 - Technical manual


INTERNAL FUNCTION TEST ERROR CODES
Error LED’s Error code Description

0 NO ERRORS detected, test loop is running


G R R R

1 internal PROGRAM MEMORY error


G R R R

2 Internal SRAM error


G R R R

3 Internal TIMER error


G R R R

4 Internal EEPROM error


G R R R

5 Internal WATCHDOG error


G R R R

6 Reserved
G R R R

7 Reserved
G R R R

Neptune ventilator - 63 - Technical manual


# Resolve internal function test error code 4 – Internal EEPROM error

To fix error code 4 or internal EEPROM error follow the next steps:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off.


o Change the dipswitch setting of the master board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o You will notice that all the LED indicators are blinking fast. This
means that the master board EEPROM settings are restored to the
factory settings.
o Turn the ventilator off
o Repeat the microprocessor internal functions test described on the
previous page. If the EEPROM error still remains contact an
authorized service engineer.

Note: Restoring the master EEPROM settings will not affect the pneumatic
board EEPROM settings. Calibration of the ventilator is not needed in
this case.

Warning: Try to resolve internal function error code 4 (EEPROM error)


with the instructions described above. For all other internal
function test errors contact an authorized service engineer.

Neptune ventilator - 64 - Technical manual


• Microprocessor external function test

If a microprocessor external error is detected, execute an external function test as


follow:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune.
o Change the dipswitch setting of the master board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o If no errors where found, all the red LED’s are off and the green LED
is blinking.
o If an error is detected, the error is indicated on the red error LED’s and
the green LED is off. The possible errors are illustrated in the table on
the next page:

Neptune ventilator - 65 - Technical manual


EXTERNAL FUNCTION TEST ERROR CODES
Error LED’s Error code Description

0 NO ERRORS detected, test running


G R R R

1 reserved
G R R R

2 reserved
G R R R

3 reserved
G R R R

4 External REAL TIME CLOCK error


G R R R

5 reserved
G R R R

6 reserved
G R R R

7 reserved
G R R R

Note: The external function test is running continuously. When an error is


detected, the error is indicated on the LED indicators, and the external
function test is repeated. It’s not necessary to turn the ventilator on and
off to repeat the external function test.

Neptune ventilator - 66 - Technical manual


# Resolve external function test error code 4 – External real time clock error

There is a problem with the real time clock. Device U8 contains the actual time and
date and timer information. The microprocessor can send data or read data from
device U8. Device U8 is equipped with a very accurate crystal and a backup battery.
Contact an authorized service engineer if the problem cannot be resolved.
If the test is running correctly the buzzer is set on and off every second.

Communication test between master board and MMI board

To test the communication between the master board and the MMI board perform the
following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off.


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune.
o Change the dipswitch setting of the master board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small


screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o If no errors found, the green LED is blinking. If an error is detected,
the error is indicated on the red error LED’s and the green LED is off.
The red LED’s indicating the numbers of error’s detected (binary
number between 1 and 7).

Neptune ventilator - 67 - Technical manual


Communication test between master board and pneumatic board

To test the communication between the master board and the pneumatic board
perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune.
o Change the dipswitch setting of the master board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Change the dipswitch setting of the pneumatic board with a small


screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on.


o If no errors found, the green LED is blinking. If an error is detected,
the error is indicated on the red error LED’s and the green LED is off.
The red LED’s indicating the numbers of error’s detected (binary
number between 1 and 7).

• LED indicator test

To test the error LED indicators perform the following test:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune.
o Change the dipswitch setting of the MMI board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o The error LED’s are blinking one by one.

Neptune ventilator - 68 - Technical manual


1.6.4 Master board layout

Neptune ventilator - 69 - Technical manual


1.7 PNEUMATIC BOARD

1.7.1 Block diagram

The block diagram of the pneumatic board is represented on the following page.

The pneumatic board is provided with one microprocessor. The microprocessor is re-
programmable by means of connector P3.

The A/D converter converts the signal of the pressure transducer, the +12V valves
voltage and the +12V voltage to a digital value.

There are two valve driver IC’s that can drive each 8 valves. Each output is provided
with a green LED. You can see the valve state directly on the LED’s. Connectors P4
and P5 connecting the valve driver IC’s with the valves.

The pneumatic microprocessor receives settings from the MMI board. On the basis of
these settings and the signals from the transducers the microprocessor is calculating
all the parameters needed to drive the pneumatic valves.

The microprocessor must trigger the 12V safety circuit in a certain time. During a
microprocessor failure the +12V safety circuit will not be triggered and the +12V
voltage on the valves shuts off. The ventilator switches automatically over to MAN.
mode in this situation (because no valves are driven).

Neptune ventilator - 70 - Technical manual


Programming
RAM
interface LED indicators Connector P6 Connector P4 Connector P5
memory
(connector P3)

Input switches LED Indicators LED Indicators

Valve driver 1 Valve driver 2

12V
SAFTY
microprocessor CIRCUIT

SPI communication with master board


(connector P2)

PTR1 PTR2 PTR6


PTR3 PTR4 PTR5
Patient Peep valve Peep valve 12v valve 12v A/D converter
Patient flow freshgas Tank pressure
pressure exp.pressure insp. pressure

Pneumatic board

Block diagram pneumatic board

Neptune ventilator - 71 - Technical manual


1.7.2 Schematic diagram

The schematic diagram of the pneumatic board is represented on the following pages.

Neptune ventilator - 72 - Technical manual


1 2 3 4

VCC
R8 R7 R6 R5
VALVES SENSORS

1K5

1K5

1K5

1K5
RS485 DRIVER

HLMP-1700
D1 D2 D3 D4

HLMP-1790

HLMP-1700

HLMP-1700
D D
VALVES.sch SENSORS.sch PNEUSPI.sch

PB4
PB5
PB6
PB7
U6B
VCC CS0 5
4 VALSEL1
WR 6
X1 6MHz R4 R3 R2 R1
74HC02

100K

100K

100K

100K
C1 C2 SW1 U6C
33pF 33pF 1 10 PF4 WR 8
2 9 PF5 10 VALSEL2
GND GND 3 8 PF6 CS1 9
4 7 PF7
C 74HC02 C
U1 5 6
18 23
TOSC2 XTAL2
19 24 DS-05 APEM
TOSC1 XTAL1
21 GND
VCC VCC
PD7 32 17 PB7
PD7(T2) PB7(OC2/PWM2) U4A
PD6 31 16 PB6
PD6(T1)PB6(OC1B/PWM1B)
PD5 30 15 PB5 A15 1
PD5 PB5(OC1A/PWM1A)
PD4 29 14 PB4 A14 2 9 U5
PD4(IC1) PB4(OC0/PWM0) U4C
PD3 28 13 MISO A13 8 A0 10 11 AD0
PD3(INT3) PB3(MISO) A0 D0
12V ON/OFF 27 12 MOSI 11 A1 9 12 AD1
PD2(INT2) PB2(MOSI) A1 D1
VAL.CL 26 11 PB1 A11 74HC4075 12 10 A2 8 13 AD2
PD1(INT1) PB1(SCK) U4B A2 D2
VAL.EN. 25 10 SS 13 A3 7 15 AD3
PD0(INT0) PB0(ss) A3 D3
A10 3 A4 6 16 AD4
A4 D4
9 42 A15 A9 4 6 74HC4075 A5 5 17 AD5
PE7(INTR7) PC7(A15) A5 D5
8 41 A14 A8 5 A6 4 18 AD6
PE6(INTR6) PC6(A14) A6 D6
7 40 A13 A7 3 19 AD7
PE5(INTR5) PC5(A13) A7 D7
ADINT 6 39 A12 74HC4075 A8 25
PE4(INTR4) PC4(A12) A8
5 38 A11 A9 24 256
PE3(AC-) PC3(A11) A9
4 37 A10 GND U2 A10 21
B PE2(AC+) PC2(A10) A10 B
PE1 3 36 A9 1 A11 23
PE1(PDO/TXD) PC1(A9) OC A11
PE0 2 35 A8 ALE 11 A12 2
PE0(PDI/RXD) PC0(A8) C A12
U3 $100* A13 26
A13
PF7 54 44 AD7 AD0 2 19 A0 A4 1 15 CS0 1
PF7(ADC7) PA7(AD7) 1D 1Q A Y0 A14
PF6 55 45 AD6 AD1 3 18 A1 A5 2 14 CS1
PF6(ADC6) PA6(AD6) 2D 2Q B Y1
ATmega103L

PF5 56 46 AD5 AD2 4 17 A2 A6 3 13 CS2 27


PF5(ADC5) PA5(AD5) 3D 3Q C Y2 WR
PF4 57 47 AD4 AD3 5 16 A3 12 CS3 U6A RD 22
PF4(ADC4) PA4(AD4) 4D 4Q Y3 OE
PF3 58 48 AD3 AD4 6 15 A4 11 CS4 2 20
PF3(ADC3) PA3(AD3) 5D 5Q Y4 CE
PF2 59 49 AD2 AD5 7 14 A5 4 10 CS5 1
PF2(ADC2) PA2(AD2) 6D 6Q E1 Y5
PF1 60 50 AD1 AD6 8 13 A6 A7 5 9 CS6 A15 3 RAM/ROM/FLASH
PF1(ADC1) PA1(AD1) 7D 7Q E2 Y6 74HC02
PF0 61 51 AD0 AD7 9 74HC573 12 A7 A12 6 7 CS7
PF0(ADC0) PA0(AD0) 8D 8Q E3 Y7 S3 S1
52 A14 1 0 1 0 WR
VCC VCC
62 43 ALE 74HC138 $107*
AREF ALE S4 S2
63 34 RD WR 1 0 1 0 A14
AGND RD
R16 64 33 WR
AVCC WR
100R 53 22
GND GND
GND 20 1 GND
C3 RESET PEN
Title
A 100N ATMEGA103
RST
PNEUMATIC A

GND Size Number Revision


A4
PNEU012000v1 v1.0
Date: 9-Jan-2003 Sheet 1 of 4
File: C:\DOCUMENT\..\PNEUMATIC.sch Drawn By: JP-KDP
1 2 3 4

Neptune ventilator - 73 - Technical manual


1 2 3 4

R17
8 9
7 10 VCC
6 11
5 12
D D
4 13

16
15
14
13
12
11
10
3 14

9
2 15 VCC
1 16 R19
8*100K
8*4K7 C21 C22 C23 C24
100nF 100nF 100nF 100nF

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10 D11 D12
U10 GND
VAL.CL 1 22 VAL.EN. P4 U7 P6
CLEAR OE
VALSEL1 2 20 V1 AD0 18 2
STROBE OUT1 2 1 Q1 D1 1 2
AD0 3 19 V2 AD1 17 3
IN1 OUT2 4 3 Q2 D2 3 4
AD1 4 18 V3 AD2 16 4
INT2 OUT3 6 5 Q3 D3 5 6
AD2 5 17 V4 AD3 15 5
INT3 OUT4 8 7 Q4 D4 7 8
AD3 6 16 V5 AD4 14 6
INT4 OUT5 10 9 Q5 D5 9 10
AD4 7 15 V6 AD5 13 7
INT5 OUT6 12 11 Q6 D6
AD5 8 14 V7 AD6 12 8 HEADER 5X2
C INT6 OUT7 14 13 Q7 D7 C
AD6 9 MIC5801BN13 V8 AD7 11 9
INT7 OUT8 16 15 Q8 D8
AD7 10 12
INT8 COM 18 17
11 21 1 RD
GND VDD 20 19 E1
19 CS2
E2
GND MIC5801BN VCC HEADER 10X2 GND
12v val. 74HC541

D21 R29
GND

12V ON/OFF
4K7

RST
R18
8 9
7 10
6 11
5 12
4 13
3 14 +12v
Q1
2 15
B R30 B
1 16
22K
8*4K7 U8A U8B
RFP30P05 4 3 12 11
Q CLR Q CLR
2 10
B B
13 1 5 9
D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18 D19 D20 Q A GND Q A
U9 14 C20 R20 6 GND
Q2 Cext VCC Cext
VAL.CL 1 22 VAL.EN. P5 R9 100K
CLEAR OE
VALSEL2 2 20 V9 BS170M 330N
STROBE OUT1 2 1

10K
AD0 3 19 V10
IN1 OUT2 4 3
AD1 4 18 V11 15 7
INT2 OUT3 6 5 RCext RCext
AD2 5 17 V12
INT3 OUT4 8 7
AD3 6 16 V13 74HC123 74HC123
INT4 OUT5 10 9
AD4 7 15 V14
INT5 OUT6 12 11
AD5 8 14 V15 GND
INT6 OUT7 14 13
AD6 9 MIC5801BN13 V16
INT7 OUT8 16 15
AD7 10 12
INT8 COM 18 17
11 21
A GND VDD 20 19
Title
VALVES A
GND MIC5801BN VCC HEADER 10X2
Size Number Revision
A4
PNEU012000v1 v1.0
Date: 9-Jan-2003 Sheet 2 of 4
File: C:\DOCUMENT\..\VALVES.sch Drawn By: JP-KDP
1 2 3 4

Neptune ventilator - 74 - Technical manual


1 2 3 4

PATIENT PRESSURE PEEP VALVE EXP. PRESSURE PATIENT FLOW FRESH GAS FLOW TANK PRESSURE
+12v SENSORS

7
U18 U19 U20 U21 U22
D 2 2 2 2 2 C19 D

2
6 U12 INA125 6 C5 6 C6 6 C7 6
OPA237 C4 OPA237 U13 INA125 OPA237 U14 INA125 OPA237 U15 INA125 OPA237 U16 INA125 100N
3 3 3 3 3

v+

sleep

v+

sleep

v+

sleep

v+

sleep

v+

sleep
100N 100N 100N 100N
12 3 12 3 12 3 12 3 12 3
Vref COM v- Vref COM v- Vref COM v- Vref COM v- Vref COM v-
AGND 13 AGND 13 AGND 13 AGND 13 AGND 13
4

4
Vref BG Vref BG Vref BG Vref BG Vref BG
14 AGND 14 AGND 14 AGND 14 AGND 14 AGND
Vref 2.5 Vref 2.5 Vref 2.5 Vref 2.5 Vref 2.5
C35 C36 15 10 C38 C39 15 10 C41 C42 15 10 C44 C45 15 10 C47 C48 15 10
Vref 5 Vo Vref 5 Vo Vref 5 Vo Vref 5 Vo Vref 5 Vo
16 16 16 16 16
Vref 10 Vref 10 Vref 10 Vref 10 Vref 10
4 4 4 4 4
Vref Out Vref Out Vref Out Vref Out Vref Out
100N 100N 8 11 100N 100N 8 11 100N 100N 8 11 100N 100N 8 11 100N 100N 8 11
RG SENSE RG SENSE RG SENSE RG SENSE RG SENSE
9 9 9 9 9
RG RG RG RG RG
R10 6 5 R11 6 5 R12 6 5 R13 6 5 R14 6 5
V+in IAref V+in IAref V+in IAref V+in IAref V+in IAref
7 7 7 7 7
V-in V-in V-in V-in V-in
RES1

RES1

RES1

RES1

RES1
1 1 1 1 1
VO- VO- VO- VO- VO-
2 2 2 2 2
-Vexc -Vexc -Vexc -Vexc -Vexc
3 3 3 3 3
C VO+ VO+ VO+ VO+ VO+ C
4 PTR1 4 PTR2 4 PTR3 4 4 PTR5
+Vexc +Vexc +Vexc +Vexc PTR4 +Vexc
SM5652-015-G-3-L SM5652-015-G-3-L SM5652-003-D-3-L SM5652-003-D-3-L SM5612-030-G-3-L
C37 C40 C43 C46
C34
100N

CH4
100N 100N 100N 100N
CH0

CH1

CH2

CH3
PEEP VALVE INSP. PRESSURE
+12v +12v SENSORS

CH5
7
+12v SENSORS +12v

12v val.
U23 2 C8

2
6 100N
ADINT R21 L1 OPA237 U17 INA125
3
100K
22µH

sleep
v+
VCC AGND AGND AGND AGND AGND CH6
12 3

22µF/35v
C29 C30 C28 + Vref COM v-
AGND 13

4
B 100pF C18 Vref BG B
R23 14 AGND
C26 100N 47µF 47µF Vref 2.5
10K 15 10
+ +
AGND C11 C33 Vref 5 Vo
U11 C27 16
0.01µF Vref 10
1 28 R22 AGND 4
CLK DGND R31 10 Vref Out
CS3 2 27 AGND 100K 100N 100N 8 11
CS VDD VCC RG SENSE
WR 3 26 CH7 9
WR REF RG C49
RD 4 25 R15 6 5
RD REFADJ V+in IAref 100N
A0 5 24 7
HBEN INT V-in

RES1
6 23 CH7 R24
SHDN CH7
AD7 7 22 CH6 10K
D7 CH6
MAX197

AD6 8 21 CH5 1
D6 CH5 VO-
AD5 9 20 CH4 2
D5 CH4 -Vexc
AD4 10 19 CH3 AGND 3
D4 CH3 VO+
AD3 11 18 CH2 4 PTR6
D3/D11 CH2 +Vexc
AD2 12 17 CH1
D2/D10 CH1
AD1 13 16 CH0 SM5652-015-G-3-L
D1/D9 CH0
AD0 14 15
D0/D8 AGND
MAX197 AGND Title
A
SENSORS A

Size Number Revision


A4
PNEU012000v1 v1.0
Date: 9-Jan-2003 Sheet 3 of 4
File: C:\DOCUMENT\..\SENSORS.sch Drawn By: JP-KDP
1 2 3 4

Neptune ventilator - 75 - Technical manual


1 2 3 4

U27B U27C U27D


4 9 12
6 8 11
5 10 13
D D
74HC00 74HC00 74HC00
P1
GND GND GND
1 2
MOSIA R25 MOSIB
3 4
5K6 GND GND
5 6
MISOA R26 MISOB VCC
7 8
5K6 VCC
9 10
SCKA R27 SCKB
11 12
5K6 + C31 C9
13 14
SSSLV0A R28 100N

22µF
SSSLV0B
15 16
5K6 17 18
U27A
19 20
SS 1 GND
21 22
3 +12V GND GND
23 24
2 +12V
25 26

22µF/35v
27 28
74HC00 P2 + C32
C10 29 30
MOSIA MOSIB
C 1 2 100N 31 32 C
U24 MISOA MISOB
3 4 33 34
1 20 MISOA SCKA SCKB
DE1/RE1 OA1 5 6 35 36
MISO 2 19 MISOB SSSLV0A SSSLV0B GND GND
DR1 OB1 7 8 HEADER 18X2
MOSI 3 18 MOSIA
DR2 OA2 9 10
4 17 MOSIB
DE2/RE2 OB2 11 12
5
DE3/RE3 13 14
SCK 6 15 SCKA
DR3 OA3 15 16
SS 7 14 SCKB
RO4 OB3 17 18
8 13 SSSLV0A
DI4 OA4 19 20
9 12 SSSLV0B GND GND
DE4 OB4 21 22
10 11
RE4 GND 23 24
25 26
SP495 GND
27 28
29 30
GND
31 32
33 34
VCC
35 36
HEADER 18X2
B C15 C13 C12 C16 C17 C14 B
U25
PSCK 12 14 PB1 100N 100N 100N 100N 100N 100N
AX O/IA
SCK 13 PMOSI
AY
GND
PMISO 2 15 PE1 U26 VCC
BX O/IB
1 1 4 P3 VCC
BY GND VCC
1 2
PMOSI 5 4 PE0 GND
CX O/IC 3 4
3 RST 2 3
CY RST MR 5 6
C25 7 8
RST 11 max811L
A 100nF 9 10
10
B
9 HEADER 5X2
C
PSCK GND
6 PMISO GND
INH
GND 74HC4053

Title
A
PNEUMATIC SPI A

Size Number Revision


A4 PNEU012000v1 v1.0
Date: 9-Jan-2003 Sheet 4 of 4
File: C:\DOCUMENT\..\PNEUSPI.sch Drawn By: JP-KDP
1 2 3 4

Neptune ventilator - 76 - Technical manual


1.7.3 Build-in test software

• Start-up test

After turning the ventilator on, the pneumatic board will test all his different
functions. During start-up the following tests are executed:

o Microprocessor internal functions tests:

ƒ test internal program memory


ƒ test internal SRAM memory
ƒ test the timers
ƒ test EEPROM memory
ƒ test Watchdog

o Microprocessor external functions test

ƒ test external SRAM memory


ƒ test external 12V safety valve
ƒ test external A/D converter

o Microprocessor communication test

ƒ test the communication between pneumatic board and master


board

When all these tests are executed successfully, the MMI board is ready to start
working. If an error occurred, the type of error is displayed on the LED indicators.

G R R R

After start-up the LED indicators can show the following errors:

LED indicators Type error

Device is working properly


G R R R

Microprocessor internal function error


G R R R

Microprocessor external function error


G R R R

Communication error
G R R R

Neptune ventilator 77 Technical manual


To determine the exact error on the pneumatic board, you have to perform a specific
test by using the build-in test software.

Note: During executing a specific test on the pneumatic board there will be
no communication between the master board and the pneumatic board.
The master board will interpret this as a communication error and a
continuous beep is audible. This can be very annoying. To prevent this
error put the master board in internal test mode by setting dipswitch 1
high. See the master board section later in this manual for detailed
instructions.

Note: The MMI board will also detect a communication error during a
executing a specific test on the pneumatic board. To prevent this error
put the MMI board in internal test mode by setting dipswitch 1 high.
See the MMI board section in this manual for detailed instructions.

• Microprocessor internal function test

If a microprocessor internal error is detected, execute an internal function test as


follow:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune.
o Change the dipswitch setting of the pneumatic board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o If no errors where found, all the red LED’s are off and the green LED
is blinking.
o If an error is detected, the error is indicated on the red error LED’s and
the green LED is off. The possible errors are illustrated in the table on
the next page:

Neptune ventilator 78 Technical manual


INTERNAL FUNCTION TEST ERROR CODES
Error LED’s Error code Description

0 NO ERRORS detected, test loop is running


G R R R

1 internal PROGRAM MEMORY error


G R R R

2 Internal SRAM error


G R R R

3 Internal TIMER error


G R R R

4 Internal EEPROM error


G R R R

5 Internal WATCHDOG error


G R R R

6 Reserved
G R R R

7 Reserved
G R R R

Neptune ventilator 79 Technical manual


# Resolve internal function test error code 4 – Internal EEPROM error

To fix error code 4 or internal EEPROM error follow the next steps:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off.


o Change the dipswitch setting of the pneumatic board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o You will notice that all the LED indicators are blinking fast. This
means that the pneumatic board EEPROM settings are reset.
Turn the ventilator off
o Repeat the microprocessor internal functions test described on the
previous page. If the EEPROM error still remains contact an
authorized service engineer.

Warning: Reset from the pneumatic board EEPROM settings will AFFECT
the calibration parameters. Recalibration of the ventilator is
necessary in this case. Refer to the maintenance and calibration
procedure described later in this manual!

Neptune ventilator 80 Technical manual


• Microprocessor external function test

If a microprocessor external error is detected, execute an external function test as


follow:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune.
o Change the dipswitch setting of the pneumatic board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o If no errors where found, all the red LED’s are off and the green LED
is blinking.
o If an error is detected, the error is indicated on the red error LED’s and
the green LED is off. The possible errors are illustrated in the table on
the next page:

Neptune ventilator 81 Technical manual


EXTERNAL FUNCTION TEST ERROR CODES
Error LED’s Error code Description

0 NO ERRORS detected, test running


G R R R

1 reserved
G R R R

2 External SRAM error


G R R R

3 reserved
G R R R

4 reserved
G R R R

5 reserved
G R R R

6 reserved
G R R R

7 reserved
G R R R

Note: The external function test is running continuously. When an error is


detected, the error is indicated on the LED indicators, and the external
function test is repeated. It’s not necessary to turn the ventilator on and
off to repeat the external function test.

Neptune ventilator 82 Technical manual


# Resolve external function test error code 2 – External SRAM error

There is a problem with the external SRAM memory. The external SRAM memory is
located on socket U5 on the pneumatic board. The microprocessor is reading data
from and writing data to the external SRAM memory.
Contact an authorized service engineer if the problem cannot be resolved.

• Pneumatic function test

You can test all the pneumatic functions of the pneumatic board as follow:

o Turn the Neptune ventilator off


o Remove the upper cover plate at the back of the Neptune.
o Change the dipswitch setting of the pneumatic board with a small
screwdriver to

1 2 3 4 5

o Turn the ventilator on


o If no errors where found, all the red LED’s are off and the green LED
is blinking. Each valve of each valve driver is driven one by one.
o If an error is detected, the error is indicated on the red error LED’s and
the green LED is off. The possible errors are illustrated in the table on
the next page:

Neptune ventilator 83 Technical manual


PNEUMATIC FUNCTION TEST ERROR CODES
Error LED’s Error code Description

0 NO ERRORS detected, test running


G R R R

1 Not able to start A/D converter


G R R R

2 A/D converter busy


G R R R

3 All A/D converter readings = $FFF


G R R R

4 All A/D converter readings = $000


G R R R

5 Not able to switch 12V safety circuit


G R R R OFF within 20 ms

6 Not able to switch 12V safety circuit


G R R R ON within 20 ms

7 No +12V input or +12V input too low


G R R R

Neptune ventilator 84 Technical manual


1.7.4 Pneumatic board layout

Neptune ventilator 85 Technical manual


2. PNEUMATIC SYSTEM

2.1 PNEUMATIC DIAGRAM

The pneumatic diagram of the Neptune ventilator is represented on the next page.

Neptune ventilator 86 Technical manual


Neptune ventilator 87 Technical manual
2.2 MANUAL / SPONTANEOUS MODE (MAN)

If the Neptune is set to Man/Spont mode, the hand balloon is connected through the
patient breathing circuit and absorber to the patient. Squeezing the manual bag will
initiate an inspiration phase. The CO2 is removed by the soda lime in the canister.
Mixed gas from hand balloon and fresh gas flow goes directly to the patient. During
this phase, with the ventilator switched to Man/Spont mode, the patient pressure is
monitored and shown on the display.

If the patient pressure exceeds the upper limit pressure setting, an audible and visual
alarm is set. In this mode, the safety valve on the manual bag will guarantee the
maximum pressure level that can be set.

Man/Spont INSPIRATION

Neptune ventilator 88 Technical manual


Releasing the hand balloon will initiate an expiration phase. The patient can breath
out. At the end of the expiration, parameters like PEEP, frequency, PIP and tidal
volume are calculated and shown on the display.

Man/Spont EXPIRATION

Neptune ventilator 89 Technical manual


2.3 CONTROLLED MANDATORY VENTILATION (CMV)

The system is built around the so-called "bag in bottle principle". The figure on the
next page represents the inspiration and expiration phase in CMV mode.

Tank T is filled with an initial pressure calculated by the pneumatic microprocessor.


The initial pressure is calculated on the basis of an algorithm comprising the
following parameters:

o Fresh gas flow


o Total circuit resistance
o Patient compliance
o Hose system compliance
o Frequency
o I/E ratio
o Tidal volume
o PEEP
o Leakage

The contents of tank T flows into the bottle during inspiration, so that a pressure rise
will occur in it, and this will compress the bag.

The gas flows via the MAN/CMV valve, flow sensor and absorber to the patient.
During inspiration, the gas is routed through the soda lime.
The patient pressure is shown on the barograph or on the graphic.

During inspiration, the PEEP/upper limit pressure valve will contain the set upper
limit pressure. As soon as the patient pressure exceeds this limit, gas will be
evacuated from the patient circuit.

CMV INSPIRATION

Neptune ventilator 90 Technical manual


During expiration, the patient breathes out into the bag via the soda lime in the
absorber, the flow sensor and the MAN/CMV valve. The bottle venting valve is open,
causing the pressure in the bottle to become equal to atmospheric pressure.

If the fresh gas flow is higher than the consumption by the patient or leakage, as
appropriate, the system would become overfilled. This is prevented by the evacuation
of the surplus gas via the PEEP/upper limit valve (X6).

CMV EXPIRATION

Neptune ventilator 91 Technical manual


2.4 PRESSURE CONTROLLED VENTILATION (PCV)

In PCV mode the ventilator has to deliver the set peak pressure.
At the start of inspiration the tank who is filled during last expiration is connected with
bottle. This gives a decelerating flow, high at the start that comes to zero when the peak
level is reached.
V7 and V8 are used to give extra flow to keep the pressure at same level.
For a smooth regulation activation from this valves is done in ‘PWM’ pulse wide
modulation .
V1,V2,V14,V15&V16 are used to open the bottle and keep the pressure at peak level.
During the inspiration time ,the electronics will measure the patient pressure. If the
pressure is not within limits a calculation is done to adjust the tank pressure setting for
the next inspiration.. If the patient pressure becomes higher than the set peak pressure
+5hPa/+5mbar, valve V13 will be set in expiration position, the amount of pressure that
is too much can escape via the evacuation. When the patient pressure is within limits,
valve V13 will be set in inspiration position.
Each time valve V13 switches during inspiration the pressure in reservoir upper limit
becomes lower.” The start pressure is 100hPa/100mbar”.
During the expiration the exhaled patient flow is measured and tidal volume is
calculated.
If the PEEP (positive end expiration pressure) is higher than the set PEEP +
20hPa/+20mbar, the ventilator goes in Man/Spont mode and an error message is shown
on display.

Neptune ventilator 92 Technical manual


PCV INSPIRATION

PCV EXPIRATION

Neptune ventilator 93 Technical manual


2.5 PEEP

During expiration and a PEEP is set, a certain pressure is set behind the PEEP
valve X6. This pressure is derived from the X6 back pressure during inspiration.
At the start op expiration valve V13 is set to expiration mode.

With a PEEP set, valve V9 is always on. Valve 10 is off for a certain time, during this
time the back pressure from valve X6 can escape rapidly, to create the best expiration
situation. Valve V10 is switched on after a certain time to load the PEEP reservoir with
pressure.
The time that valve V10 is switched on is calculated at the end of expiration, this time
will be shorter for higher PEEP level and longer for lower PEEP level.

PEEP regulation is the same for CMV and PCV mode.

2.6 Flush safety

There is a detection when an oxygen flush is generated to prevent high pressure if the
upper limit was set too high.
The Max pressure allowed during an O2 flush is last peak pressure +20hPa / +20mbar,
If the volume was stable and when this level (last pip +20 is below upper limit setting).
When the upper limit alarm is lower ,the upper limit alarm level is used.
The min level is 30hPa / 30mbar if upper limit is higher.
When the upper limit alarm level is lower then the calculated safety, the upper limit
alarm level has priority.

Neptune ventilator 94 Technical manual


2.7 MECHANICAL CONSTRUCTION

2.7.1 Patient breathing unit

There are four main parts in the patient unit that need to be distinguished:

o PEEP and upper limit pressure valve


o MAN/CMV switching valve
o Flow sensor
o Latex free autoclavable bag

PEEP and upper limit


pressure valve

MAN/CMV
switching valve

Flow sensor

Neptune ventilator 95 Technical manual


Latex free autoclavable bag

● PEEP and upper limit pressure valve

Regulation of the PEEP and upper limit pressure is provided by the mushroom valve (C)
which operates a plastic valve (D).

During inspiration, the value set for the upper limit pressure is applied to the mushroom
valve causing this to expand and thus exert the same pressure on the plastic valve.
When a pressure higher than the upper limit pressure is built up on the underside, the
valve will be lifted and gas is able to escape via the evacuation. The plastic valve
ensures that the pressure is uniformly distributed so that the noise made by the escaping
air is attenuated.
During expiration, the value set for the PEEP is applied to the mushroom valve. The
exhalation curve thus approaches the PEEP gradually. There are no sudden transitions,
which results in a “smoothed shape”.

The upper limit pressure thus ensures that the patient is not exposed to too high
pressures during inspiration, while the PEEP ensures - when expiration occurs - that
sufficient pressure remains in the lung. This is only applicable in CMV and PCV mode.

Neptune ventilator 96 Technical manual


● MAN/CMV switching valve

The changeover valve is always in the unpowered state in the Man/Spont mode. The
valve (G) is in fact pressed up by a spring so that the absorber is connected directly to
the hand balloon. If the ventilator mode is changed to CMV or PCV, pressure reaches
the switching diaphragm via connection E. The valve is thereby pressed down and the
hand balloon shut off. When this occurs, the connection to the bag (F) is opened so that
the absorber is now connected to the bag.

Neptune ventilator 97 Technical manual


● Flow sensor

The flow sensor is a derivative, developed by Medec Benelux NV, of the well- known
Fleisch principle. To ensure laminar flow, special perforated rings are fitted. The flow
sensor can measure flow up to 96 l/min.

Differential pressure (∆P) is measured across the restriction by means of connections A


and B, which are connected to transducer TRX3.

● Latex free autoclavable bag

The bag is connected to the connection F intended for this purpose. It should be clearly
understood that in the unpowered state (i.e. in the Man/Spont mode), the bag is not used.
The bag is a special balloon and therefore cannot be replaced with a different type of
balloon.

Warning: Medec Benelux NV can only guarantee correct ventilator operation


with the same type of balloon.

Neptune ventilator 98 Technical manual


2.7.2 Bottle

The feed-through plate of the bottle is provided with five connections. This plate ensures
a gas-tight connection between the bottle and the patient breathing unit. This makes the
patient breathing unit easy to remove and to clean.

A
B
C

A. MAN/CMV switching valve.


B. PEEP and upper limit pressure valve.
C. Outlet for gas evacuation from the mushroom valve.
D. Measurement point, flow sensor positive.
E. Measurement point, flow sensor negative and patient pressure.

The bag is inserted in the bottle after which the patient breathing unit is attached to the
bottle by means of the whale clip.

The bottle is manufactured from aluminum. On the back of the bottle, there are two
valves:

o The bottle safety valve located on the top is adjusted to


120hPa/120mbar. So the pressure in the bottle (and thus also in the
patients lung) never exceeds this value.

o The bottle venting valve located on the bottom ensures that during
inspiration, the bottle is shut off from the outside air so that the bag can
be compressed. During expiration, this valve ensures that the bottle is
vented, so that the bag can be filled again with the expired gas from the
patient.

Neptune ventilator 99 Technical manual


bottle venting valve
V13

X3 V12
V7 V1
V9 V2 V3
V6 V14 V11
V5 V15 V10
V8 V16
X2
V9

bottle safety valve

Neptune ventilator 100 Technical manual


2.7.3 Supply tank

The supply tank T (contents = 1,2 liter) provides the inspiration stroke volume.
The tank is located around the bottle.
The tank can be filled with the use of two low flow valves or one high flow valve.
There’s another valve provided to connect the tank with the bottle.

The supply tank T

Bottle

Neptune ventilator 101 Technical manual


2.7.4 Solenoid valves

The solenoid valves are special maintenance-free low-power valves. Because of the
special design, in which there is no sliding core but a corrosion-resistant metal
diaphragm, the valve processes a number of unique properties.

The ring which connects the coil and the valve housing may be unscrewed one turn in
order to attend to the electrical connections. Never unscrew the ring entirely, to prevent
vital parts being lost or damaged.

Note: Never change the order of diaphragm and spacer ring, since these are
specially calibrated.

Neptune ventilator 102 Technical manual


3. MAINTENANCE AND CALIBRATION

The aim of the maintenance and calibration procedure is to ensure proper and safe
working of the Neptune ventilator. It must be performed by a qualified service engineer
every 6 months. Always recalibrate the ventilator and execute a leaktest after replacing a
component.

3.1 VISUAL INSPECTION

Remove the cover plate of the Neptune ventilator.

• Electronic system

1 Ensure that all the boards of the extendable system set are mounted
correctly.
1 Check that all electrical connectors are latched.
1 Check all keyboard board switches for proper working
1 Check control knob switch and rotation for proper working

• Pneumatic

1 Make sure that all tubes are properly connected and none are kinked or
pinched.
1 Check the clear tubing for signs of water. If any is detected, replace the
tubing or blow out the water by means of compressed air.
1 Check the air input water trap. Any presence of water must be
removed by pressing the bottom pin of the water trap. Make sure that
no water is flowing away into the ventilator.
1 Check the patient breathing system, the absorber and all external
tubing.

Neptune ventilator 103 Technical manual


3.2 BATTERY BACKUP

The ventilator can work for at least 1 hour on battery when fully charged. Connect the
ventilator for a couple of hours to the AC mains supply to assure a fully charged battery.

Check the ventilator battery backup by means of the following instructions:

o Connect the power cord to the AC mains inlet


o Turn the AC mains switch at the back of the ventilator ON
o Turn the ventilator ON
o There is a mains plug drawn at the top of the display which means that
the ventilator is working on AC mains supply
o Set the ventilator to CMV mode
o Check the battery backup by pulling the mains plug
o There is a battery drawn at the top of the display which means that the
ventilator is working on battery

If the ventilator shuts off in less than 1 hour, replace the battery by a new one. We
recommend replacing the battery every 3 years. Always replace the battery with the
same type and ratings.

Note: The battery does not require maintenance under normal


circumstances. Always replace with same type every three years.

Neptune ventilator 104 Technical manual


3.3 THE CALIBRATION MENU

Enter the calibration menu as follows:

o Turn the ventilator ON


o Go to the Info menu
o Press the buttons in the exact order as represented:

1
3
2
4

Neptune ventilator 105 Technical manual


The calibration menu looks as follows:

9
8

6
1 5

2 3

1. Control buttons: with these buttons you can change the calibration settings,
drive the +12 voltage of the valves, set valves on and off, etc.

2. Exit button: you can leave the calibration menu by pressing the exit button. The
changes made in the calibration menu are stored to the EEPROM memory of the
pneumatic board.

3. Input indicators: the input pressure switches, connected to connector P6 on the


pneumatic board, are indicated over here. INPUT1 is connected to the air input
pressure switch, INPUT2 is connected to the O2 input pressure switch and
INPUT6 is connected to the N2O input pressure switch.
INPUT3, INPUT4, INPUT5, INPUT7 and INPUT8 are not used.

4. Valve ON/OFF: you can set each valve individually ON and OFF.

5. +12V VALVES: you can turn the +12V voltage of the valves ON and OFF.
Make sure that you set the +12V VALVES voltage on when you are testing each
valve individually. The ADC reading value is the value that the analog / digital
converter (ADC), located on the pneumatic board, indicates during converting
the +12V VALVES voltage to a digital value.

6. +12V SUPPLY: over here you can see a read-out of the digital value of the
+12V supply generated by the ADC converter. The +12V supply must always be
present after turning the ventilator on.

7. Selection beam: you can scroll the selection beam through the calibration menu
by rotating the control knob. The function of the control buttons at the left is
depending on the position of the selection beam.

8. Pressure transducers: each pressure transducer (TRX) can be calibrated


individually. TRX1 measures the airway pressure, TRX2 measures the PEEP
pressure, TRX3 measures the patient flow located in the patient breathing unit,

Neptune ventilator 106 Technical manual


TRX4 measures the fresh gas flow, TRX5 measures the tank pressure and TRX6
measures the upper limit pressure.

9. Service time: the service time is used to check the time between the last
maintenance and now. The service engineer has the possibility to zero this
service time after the maintenance and calibration procedure is executed. The
service timer is always running when the ventilator is on, regardless of standby
mode, manual mode, PCV or CMV mode.

Neptune ventilator 107 Technical manual


3.4 THE PRESSURE TRANSDUCERS

5 4
+ +3 1
6 - -
2
TRX1
TRX2
TRX6
TRX3 TRX5
TRX4

Zeroing the pressure transducer TRX1, TRX2, TRX5 and TRX6

o Disconnect patient breathing unit.


o Close fresh gas.
o Activate valve V5 to discharge the tank.
o Move the selection beam to transducer TRX1.
o Press the zero button.
o Transducer TRX1 is now zeroed.
o Repeat the 3 previous instructions for zeroing transducer TRX2, TRX5
and TRX6.

Zeroing the pressure transducer TRX3 and TRX4

Warning: A zero and/or max. calibration of transducer TRX3 and/or TRX4


will erase the previous GAIN setting of the transducer. Make a note
of these GAIN setting (they can be used later) before starting any
zero or Max calibration transducer TRX3 and TRX4.

The pressure transducer TRX3 and TRX4 are used to measure flow. They measure the
differential pressure across the flow sensor. The pneumatic microprocessor uses a look-
up table of the sensor to convert differential pressure to flow (liter/minute). There can be
a very small deviation between the look-up table and the flow sensor. You can eliminate
this deviation by adjusting the GAIN of the selected pressure transducer (only applicable

Neptune ventilator 108 Technical manual


on TRX3 and TRX4). You need a calibrated flow meter to compare the adjusted flow in
the calibration menu with the reference flow measured.

Warning: A zero and/or max. calibration of transducer TRX3 and/or TRX4


will erase the previous GAIN setting of the transducer. Adjustment
of the GAIN is necessary to eliminate the deviation again.

o Be sure that the fresh gas is closed.

NOTE: It is not necessary to open the ventilator to do the zeroing TRX3.


Be sure that patient breathing unit is disconnected.

o Move the selection beam to transducer TRX3.


o Press the zero button.
o Transducer TRX3 is now zeroed.

NOTE: Set back the factory setting from TRX3 where you have made a note
from when only a zeroing from TRX3 is necessary.
When also a Max calibration will be done, restore of factory gain you
have to do after the Max calibration.

NOTE: It is not necessary to open the ventilator to do the zeroing TRX4.


Be sure that patient breathing unit is disconnected.

o Move the selection beam to transducer TRX4.


o Set a fresh flow of 0,3 liters/min.
o Press the zero button.
o Close the fresh gas flow.
o Transducer TRX4 is now zeroed.

NOTE: Set back the factory setting from TRX4 where you have made a note
from when only a zeroing from TRX4 is necessary.
When also a Max calibration will be done, restore of factory gain you
have to do after the Max calibration.

Neptune ventilator 109 Technical manual


Maximum calibration of pressure transducer TRX1, TRX2 and TRX6

To perform the maximum calibration of the pressure transducers, you need a calibrated
pressure gauge, a T-piece, silicon tubes, syringe and a pneumatic test connector.
Connect in accordance with the next drawing:

Connect to pressure
transducer TRX by
means of pneumatic
test connector.

Calibration set

o Connect calibration set with transducer, see picture page 108 section
3.4 THE PRESSURE TRANSDUCERS
o Move the selection beam to transducer TRX1.
o Connect the calibration set to pressure transducer TRX1 by way of the
pneumatic test connector.
o Set a pressure of exactly 100hPa/100mbar by way of the syringe.
o Check the OUT2 value of TRX1. If equal to 100hPa/100mbar, go to the
next step. If not, perform a max. calibration by pressing the max. button.
The TRX1 OUT2 value is now equal to 100hPa/100mbar.

o Repeat the 4 previous instructions for the max. calibration of transducer


TRX2, and TRX6 in the same way.

Maximum calibration of pressure transducer TRX3

o Move the selection beam to transducer TRX3.


o Connect the calibration set to the positive port pressure transducer TRX3
see picture page 108.
o Set a pressure of exact 20hPa/20mbar by way of the syringe.
o Perform a maximum calibration of TRX3 by pressing the max. button.

▪ It’s possible to eliminate the deviation between the microprocessor look-


up table and the flow sensor to create an extremely accurate measurement
of the flow. These steps are optional and can only performed when a
calibrated digital flowmeter is available:

Neptune ventilator 110 Technical manual


NOTE: When you don’t have a calibrated digital flowmeter, set back
the factory GAIN by pressing the gain+ or gain- button. Gain+ and
GAIN- are in steps of 5, set back the value that is nearest the factory
value where you have made a note from.

ƒ Connect the digital flowmeter with one side to the left input
connector of the patient breathing unit.
ƒ Disconnect handset from right side patient breathing unit.
ƒ Connect other side from flowmeter with fresh gas front outlet.
Select fresh gas outlet front and push O2 flush.
ƒ Make sure that no valves are active.
ƒ Adjust the TRX3 OUT2 reading by manipulating the TRX3
GAIN. Change the GAIN by pressing the gain+ or gain- button.
The digital flowmeter value must be equal to the TRX3 OUT2
reading.

Maximum calibration of pressure transducer TRX4

o Move the selection beam to transducer TRX4.


o Connect the calibration set to pressure transducer TRX4 + port.
o Set a pressure of exact 20hpa/20mbar by way of the syringe.
o Perform a maximum calibration of TRX4 by pressing the max. button.

▪ It’s possible to eliminate the deviation between the microprocessor look-


up table and the flow sensor to create an extremely accurate measurement
of the flow. These steps are optional and can only performed when an
calibrated digital flowmeter is available:

NOTE: When you don’t have a calibrated digital flowmeter, set back
the factory GAIN by pressing the gain+ or gain- button. Gain+ and
GAIN- are in steps of 5, set back the value that is nearest the factory
value where you have made a note from.

ƒ Set a fresh gas flow of 10 liters/min air.


ƒ Make sure that no valves are active.
ƒ Connect one side of the digital flowmeter to the fresh gas outlet at
the front of the Neptune ventilator. Make sure the fresh gas front
output is selected. Leave the other side of the digital flowmeter
open.
ƒ Adjust the TRX4 OUT2 reading by manipulating the TRX4
GAIN. Change the GAIN by pressing the gain+ or gain- button.
The digital flowmeter value must be equal to the TRX4 OUT2
reading.

Neptune ventilator 111 Technical manual


Maximum calibration of pressure transducer TRX5

o Place the pressure gauge between the tube that connects the pressure
transducer TRX5 with the tank.
o Make use of VALVE7 or VALVE8 to build a pressure of 2000hPa/2bar
in the tank.
o Regulate the pressure so the pressure gauge is indicating 2000hPa/2bar.
Check the OUT2 value of TRX5. If equal to approximately
2000hPa/2bar, go to the next step. If not, perform a max. calibration by
pressing the max. button. The TRX5 OUT2 value is now equal to
2000hPa/2bar

Checking the flow sensors readings

o Reconnect the absorber and the patient breathing system in a correct way.
o Set a fresh gas flow for example of 4 liters/min. The TRX3 OUT2 and
TRX4 OUT2 value must be a positive value. If one of these readings is
negative, you must check all tubes inside and outside the ventilator for
proper connection.

Warning: Leave the calibration menu by pressing the exit button. Now you’re
sure that all the changes made in the calibration menu are stored to
the EEPROM memory!

Neptune ventilator 112 Technical manual


3.5 THE PRESSURE REGULATORS

X9
X7
X6
X10

1
2

1. Air pressure regulator 3000hPa/3bar.

2. Air pressure regulator 500hPa/0.5bar.

Neptune ventilator 113 Technical manual


Check / calibrate AIR pressure regulator 3000hPa/3bar (1).

o For the adjustment of the AIR pressure regulators, you need a test patient
breathing unit.

Test patient breathing unit

o Make sure that the AIR input pressure is connected. Check the AIR
input pressure on the manometer located on the front. The pressure
must be higher than 3000hPa /3 bar.
o Remove the patient breathing unit.
o Connect the test patient breathing unit with the bottle.
o Connect a pressure gauge with the connector output G.
o Enter the calibration menu.
o Set VALVE6 ON. Don’t forget to set the +12V VALVES voltage
ON.
o Check the pressure gauge readings. If equal to approximately
3000hPa /3bar, go to the next step. Otherwise, unfasten the locking
ring of the AIR pressure regulator 1 and adjust the pressure so it’s
equal to 3000hPa/3 bar (+/- 100hPa /0.1bar) by means of rotating the
spindle. Fasten the locking ring again so that the adjustment spindle is
locked.
o Set VALVE6 OFF.

Neptune ventilator 114 Technical manual


Check / calibrate AIR pressure regulator 500hPa/0,5 bar (2).

o Make sure that the AIR input pressure is connected. Check the AIR
input pressure on the manometer located on the front. The pressure
must be higher than 3000hPa /3bar.
o Remove the patient breathing unit.
o Connect the test patient breathing unit with the bottle.
o Connect a pressure gauge with the connector output A.
o Enter the calibration menu.
o Set valve 13 and 11 ON. Don’t forget to set the +12V VALVES
voltage ON.
o Check the pressure gauge readings. If equal to approximately 500hPa
/0,5 bar go to the next step. Otherwise, unfasten the locking ring of
the AIR pressure regulator 2 and adjust the pressure so it’s equal to
500hPa /0,5bar (+/- 50hPa/0.5bar) by means of rotating the spindle.
Fasten the locking ring again so that the adjustment spindle is locked.
o Set valve 13 &11 OFF.

Neptune ventilator 115 Technical manual


3.6 THE FLOW REGULATORS

For the adjustment of the flow regulators you need the test patient breathing unit and a
flowmeter. Follow the next steps:

o Remove the patient breathing unit.


o Connect the test patient breathing unit with the bottle.
o Connect a flowmeter with the connector output G.
o Enter the calibration menu.
o Set VALVE6 ON. Don’t forget to set the +12V VALVES voltage ON.
o Check the flowmeter readings. If equal to 4 liters/min, go to the next step.
Otherwise, unfasten the locking ring of the flow regulator and adjust the
flow so it’s equal to 4 liters/min (+/-0.1lpm) by means of rotating the
spindle. Fasten the locking ring again so that the adjustment spindle is
locked.

Neptune ventilator 116 Technical manual


o Set VALVE6 OFF.
o Connect the flowmeter with the connector output A.
o Set VALVE11 and VALVE13 ON.
o Check the flowmeter readings. If equal to 1.6 liters/min, go to the next
step. Otherwise, unfasten the locking ring of the flow regulator and adjust
the flow so it’s equal to 1.6 liters/min (+/-0.1lpm) by means of rotating
the spindle. Fasten the locking ring again so that the adjustment spindle is
locked.

o Set all the valves OFF.

Neptune ventilator 117 Technical manual


3.7 O2 FLUSH

o Connect flowmeter to front outlet.


o Select the front fresh gas output.
o Push O2 flush button.

o Check the flowmeter readings. If equal to 35 liters/min, go to the next


step. Otherwise, unfasten the locking ring of the flow regulator and adjust
the flow so it’s equal to 35 liters/min (+/- 0.5lpm) by means of rotating
the spindle. Fasten the locking ring again so that the adjustment spindle is
locked.

Neptune ventilator 118 Technical manual


3.8 THE INPUT PRESSURE SWITCHES

To adjust the input pressure switches, follow the next steps:

o Regulate the pressure at the O2 NIST input connector until it’s equal to
2500hPa/2.5 bar (+/-100hPa /0.1bar).
o The input indicator I2 / O2 must be lit. If not, adjust the screw in the
middle of the pressure switch until the I2 / O2 indicator is lit.

o Let the O2 NIST input pressure decrease slowly.


The I2 / O2 indicator will go out with a pressure equal to 2200hPa
2.2bar (+/-200hPa/0.2bar). Otherwise, adjust the screw a little bit
more.

O2

Neptune ventilator 119 Technical manual


o Repeat the previous steps to adjust the input pressure switch of N2O.

N 2O

Neptune ventilator 120 Technical manual


o Regulate the pressure at the AIR NIST input connector until it’s equal to
2 bar and set switch drive gas to AIR.

Set switch drive


gas to AIR.

o The input indicator DRV must be lit. If not, adjust the screw in the
middle of the drive gas pressure switch until the I1 / DRV indicator is lit.

DRV

Neptune ventilator 121 Technical manual


o Let the AIR NIST input pressure decrease slowly.
o The I1 / DRV indicator will go out with a pressure equal to
1700hPa/1.7bar (+/-170hPa/0.17bar). Otherwise, adjust the screw a little
bit more.

o Regulate the pressure at the AIR NIST input connector until it’s equal to
2000hPa /2 bar (+/-200hPa/0.2bar).
o The input indicator AIR must be lit. If not, adjust the screw in the
middle of the drive gas pressure switch until the I3 / AIR indicator is lit.

AIR

Neptune ventilator 122 Technical manual


o Let the AIR NIST input pressure decrease slowly.
The I3 / AIR indicator will go out with a pressure equal to 2200hPa
2bar (+/-200hPa/0.2bar). Otherwise, adjust the screw a little bit more.

Neptune ventilator 123 Technical manual


3.9 THE BOTTLE SAFETY VALVE

This section of the manual describes the procedure to check and adjust the bottle safety
valve:

o Remove the patient breathing unit.


o Connect the test patient breathing unit with the bottle.
o Connect a calibrated pressure gauge to connector output C.
o Connect connector output G to connector output D.
o Set VALVE3 ON.
o Set VALVE6 ON.
o The pressure will increase until the bottle safety valves opens.
o Check the pressure gauge readings. The valve relief pressure must be
equal to 120hPa/120mbar. If not, adjust the screw at the top of the bottle
safety valve so that the pressure is equal to 120hPa/120mbar.
o Leave the calibration menu by pressing the exit button.
o Reconnect the absorber and the patient breathing system in a correct way.

Neptune ventilator 124 Technical manual


3.10 Peep valve calibration

• Connect tubes on patient circuit.


• Cork patient Y
• Go to calibration menu
• Activate 12V valves.
• Activate V3 & V6.
• Set fresh gas flow 8Lpm

• Turn housing peep valve clockwise or counter clockwise and


regulate until the reading on OUT2 for TRX1 = 01hPa /1mbar

• Set lock screw free before turning the peep housing.

+ -

Tighten lock screw ,don’t use high force when turning it in.

Neptune ventilator 125 Technical manual


3.11 VALVES TEST

This section of the manual describes how to check the different valves on there
functionality and for possible leaks:

1. Leakage check V7,V8 and X2.


o Enter the calibration menu.
o Activate valve 5 and 12V valves to empty the TANK.
o When Tank is empty, Set 12 v valves OFF and valve 5 OFF.
o Verify or there is a pressure increase on sensor TRX5. If so, you have to
determine which valve is leaking. Check valves V7, V8, and X2/V4.

2. Leakage check Tank


o Enter the calibration menu.
o Activate 12V valves.
o Activate valve V7 and let the pressure in Tank increase to
1000hPa/1bar.
o Close V7.
o Verify or there is a pressure drop on sensor TRX5.
o Pressure in tank may not drop more than 5hPa/5mbar in 1 minute.
o In case of leakage, check connections with tank, check valve
X3/V5,check tank (O-rings).

3. Test V7, V8 , X2/V4 , X3/V5.


o Enter the calibration menu.
o Activate 12V valves.
o Activate valve V7 and let the pressure in Tank and bottle increase to
1000hPa/1bar.
o Close V7.
o Check/replace V7 if loading from tank is not possible
o Activate V5 to discharge tank.
o Activate valve V8 and let the pressure in Tank and bottle increase to
1000hPa/1bar.
o Close V8.

Neptune ventilator 126 Technical manual


o Check/replace V8 if loading from tank is not possible
Activate V5 to discharge tank.
o Activate valve V4 and let the pressure in Tank and bottle increase to
1000hPa/1bar.
o Close V4.
o Check/replace X2/V4 if loading from tank is not possible
o Activate V5 to discharge tank.

4. Leakage check Bottle.

o Enter the calibration menu.


o Remove the patient breathing unit.
o Connect the test patient breathing unit with the bottle.
o Use a tube to connect output connection C with output connection D.
o Activate valve 5 and valve 3.
o Activate valve V7 and let the pressure in Tank and bottle increase to
50hPa/50mbar
o Switch valve 7 OFF.
o Verify or there is a pressure drop on sensor TRX5. If so, you have to
determine which valve is leaking. Check valves X5, X1, V1,V2,V14,V15
and V16
o Leave the calibration menu by pressing the exit button.
o Reconnect the absorber and the patient breathing system in a correct way.

5. Test V1, V2 , V14, V15and V16.

o Enter the calibration menu.


o Remove the patient breathing unit.
o Connect the test patient breathing unit with the bottle.
o Use a tube to connect output connection C with output connection D.
o Activate valve 5 and valve 3.
o Activate valve V7 and let the pressure in Tank and bottle increase to
50hPa/50mbar
o Switch valve 7 OFF.
o ActivateV1
o Pressure on TRX5 has be zero within 15 sec if not check/replace valve
V1
o Set valve V1 OFF
o Activate valve V7 and let the pressure in Tank and bottle increase to
50hPa/50mbar
o Switch valve 7 OFF.
o ActivateV2
o Pressure on TRX5 has be zero within 15 sec if not check/replace valve
V2
o Set valve V2 OFF
o Activate valve V7 and let the pressure in Tank and bottle increase to
50hPa/50mbar
o Switch valve 7 OFF.
o ActivateV14

Neptune ventilator 127 Technical manual


o Pressure on TRX5 has be zero within 15 sec if not check/replace valve
V14
o Set valve V14 OFF
o Activate valve V7 and let the pressure in Tank and bottle increase to
50hPa/50mbar
o Switch valve 7 OFF.
o ActivateV15
o Pressure on TRX5 has be zero within 15 sec if not check/replace valve
V15
o Set valve V15 OFF
o Activate valve V7 and let the pressure in Tank and bottle increase to
50hPa/50mbar
o Switch valve 7 OFF.
o ActivateV16
o Pressure on TRX5 has be zero within 15 sec if not check/replace valve
V16
o Set valve V16OFF

o Leave the calibration menu by pressing the exit button.


o Reconnect the absorber and the patient breathing system in a correct way.

Neptune ventilator 128 Technical manual


3.12 PERFORMING A LEAKTEST

3.12.1 Entering the leaktest menu

Set the ventilator to standby mode and select leak test. Always disconnect the patient
before entering the leak test menu.

Note: It is not possible to enter the leak test menu when the airway pressure is
greater than 2hPa/2mbar. Disconnect patient, so that pressure can decrease to
0hPa/0mbar.

The leak test menu is drawn in accordance with the next drawing.

Neptune ventilator 129 Technical manual


6

2 1

3
5

1. Patient circuit + internal bag button: press this button to select the patient
breathing circuit and the internal balloon leaktest.

2. Patient circuit + handset button: press this button to select the patient
breathing circuit and the external handset.

3. EXIT: select and press encoder knob to leave the leaktest menu.

4. PEEP valve leakage detected: this message appears when the PEEP valve
leakage test fails.

5. Information window: follow these instructions to perform a leaktest.

6. Barograph: indicates airway pressure.

Neptune ventilator 130 Technical manual


3.12.2 Performing the leaktest

You can perform a leaktest on:

- the patient breathing circuit and the external handset.


- the patient breathing circuit and the internal balloon.

To perform a leaktest on the patient breathing circuit and the external handset, proceed
as follows:

- Select .
- Make all the connections in the patient breathing unit; see the operating
instructions of the CO2 absorber.
- Close safety valve on handset.
- Close / disconnect sample tube of gas monitor (optional).
- Close the output of the Y-piece.
- Set a fresh gas flow.
- Let the airway pressure increase to 30 hPa.
- Close the fresh gas flow.
- The time in which the pressure decreases to 20 hPa must be
15 seconds or longer.

If the leak test is not within the specifications, check all connections in the patient
breathing circuit. If no leaks can be found, contact your service department.

After successfully performing the previously described leaktest, you can perform a
leaktest on the patient breathing circuit and the internal balloon.
Proceed as follows:

- Select .
- Close the output of the Y-piece.
- Set a fresh gas flow.
- Let the airway pressure increase to 30 hPa.
- Close the fresh gas flow.
- The time in which the pressure decreases to 20 hPa must be
15 seconds or longer.

If the leak test is not within the specifications, check all connections in the patient
breathing circuit. Also check the internal balloon for leaks. If no leaks can be found,
contact your service department.

Neptune ventilator 131 Technical manual


When is selected, at the same time the PEEP valve located in the
patient breathing unit is filled once with a pressure of ±100hPa/±100mbar.
The pressure in the PEEP valve will continuously be monitored. If a pressure drop is
detected within 15 sec, the message "PEEP valve leakage detected" will be displayed:

To repeat the PEEP valve test, select

followed by

To determine either the PEEP leakage is intern in the ventilator or extern in the patient
breathing unit, remove the patient circuit from bottle and close the PEEP output with
finger in accordance with next drawing.

PEEP
output

Keep your finger on the PEEP output and repeat the PEEP valve test. If the PEEP valve
test succeeds, the problem is located in the patient breathing unit, otherwise the problem
is probably intern in the ventilator.

Neptune ventilator 132 Technical manual


. Leakage in the patient breathing unit

o Check/replace mushroom valve and O-ring in the patient breathing unit.


o Check/replace blue O-ring in feed-through plate.

. Leakage located in the ventilator

o Remove the patient breathing unit.


o Connect the test patient breathing unit with the bottle.
o Connect a calibrated pressure gauge to connector output A.
o Set valve 13 and 12 ON.
o Set valve 11 ON until the pressure is between 80-100hPa/80 – 100mbar.
o Set valve 11 OFF.
o Check the pressure gauge readings and check for pressure drop.

Neptune ventilator 133 Technical manual


o Set valve 10 and valve 9 ON.
o Set valve 13 OFF.
o The PEEP reservoir will be filled with a certain amount off pressure
delivered by the UPPER LIMIT reservoir.
o Check the pressure gauge readings and check for pressure drop.
o Leave the calibration menu by pressing the exit button.
o Reconnect the absorber and the patient breathing system in a correct way.

3.12.3 Leaving the leaktest menu


Leave the leaktest menu by selecting the exit . The ventilator will return to
standby mode.

Neptune ventilator 134 Technical manual


3.13 MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

Warning: It is recommended that the Neptune should be checked at least twice a


year by the Medec Benelux NV service department or by specially
trained personnel. There are a number of parts which require either
periodic maintenance or replacement.

5 Patient breathing unit


• The mushroom valve and the switching diaphragm are to be replaced each
service.

• The MAN/CMV changeover valve is to be inspected at each service and if


necessary cleaned. It is replaced annually.

• The expiration valve (under the mushroom valve) is replaced annually. When
fitting, it’s important to guide the valve gently onto its seating.

• Check the flow sensor at each service and clean with alcohol if necessary.

• Replace the O-rings (see detailed drawing patient breathing unit).

• Replace the bag.

Warning: Always replace with same type of bag to ensure satisfactory


performance. In fact, the specifications of the Neptune are greatly
dependent on the elasticity of the balloon.

Warning: Never immerse the patient breathing unit in a liquid and only fit a
dry unit!

Neptune ventilator 135 Technical manual


8

1
16
16 10

2
7

10
9

10

10

Neptune ventilator 136 Technical manual


11
3

12

5 Bottle
• The blue O-ring connections between the patient breathing unit and the bottle are
checked and tested for gas tightness at each service. Replace the O-rings every
two years.

13

14

13

Neptune ventilator 137 Technical manual


5 Solenoid valves
• The solenoid valves must be checked for proper working each service time.

5 Bottle venting valve


• Replace the bottle venting valve on the back of the bottle at each service.

5 Bottle safety valve


• Check the bottle safety valve annually and, if necessary, re-adjust to
±120hPa/120mbar.

Neptune ventilator 138 Technical manual


5 Fresh gas flow sensor
• Inspect the sensor annually for pollution. The sensor can be checked easily by
removing the plug on the side.

Neptune ventilator 139 Technical manual


3.14 PARTS LIST

• Service Parts – Patient Circuit (half-yearly check)

Item Quantity Description Part number


1 1 Switching diaphragm 121213000
2 1 Mushroom valve 121227000
3 1 Gas bag 250035000
4 1 O-ring 19X1 501190100

• Service Parts – Patient Circuit (annual check)

Item Quantity Description Part number


1 1 Switching diaphragm 121213000
2 1 Mushroom valve 121227000
3 1 Gas bag 250035000
4 1 O-ring 19X1 501190100
5 1 Venting valve 121250000
6 1 Valve 121236000
7 1 Expiration valve 124228000
8 1 O-ring 14 x 1,78 silic. 70° shore 505140100
9 1 O-ring 18 x 2 501180200
10 4 O-ring 32 x 2 501320200
11 1 O-ring 58 x 3,5 501580300
12 1 O-ring 25 x 2,5 501250100
16 2 O-ring 23.52 x 1,78 501235100

• Service Parts (two-yearly check)

Item Quantity Description Part number


13 4 O-ring 3 x 3 silic. 70° blue 505030300
14 1 O-ring 10 x 3 silic. 70° blue 505100500

• Service Parts (tree yearly check)

Item Quantity Description Part number


15 1 Battery 12v 7.2 Ah 668202000

Neptune ventilator 140 Technical manual


4. CLASSIFICATION AND DISCARD

4.1 CLASSIFICATION

• Class I/ Type B/ IPX1.


• Do not use in presence of flammable anaesthetics.

Neptune ventilator 141 Technical manual


4.2 DISCARD

There is no risk for explosion when discarding.


The electronic boards and display contain a small amount of lead.
The battery is a sealed lead acid type. Please adhere to governmental related laws
or regulations when discarding the Neptune.

Neptune ventilator 142 Technical manual


5. Inspection

5.1 VISUAL INSPECTION

o Wheels and brakes.


Check or the can rotate freely and verify or the brakes can be activated.
o Drawer unit.
The drawer must go in and out drawer case smoothly.
o Absorber.
Empty canister, check glass on visual damage.
o Clean valve domes ,the dome glass must be free of contamination, valves must be visual without
removing the valve domes.
o Check suction jar on visual damage.
o Check ventilator case, front layers, pressure gauges , keyboard , display and knobs on visual
damage.
o Check flowmeter glass and spindles on visual damage.
o Check cover plate on visual damage.
o Check manual balloon and arm, the arm must move freely with no visual damage.
o Check patient circuit tubing
o Check / clean AIR input pressure watertrap reservoir . The watertrap glass must be free of
contamination so that, in case there is water inside it is visual from the outside.
Check filter inside watertrap and replace when contaminated.
Check wheels and brakes.

Neptune ventilator 143 Technical manual


5.2 OTHER INSPECTIONS

1.Ventilator keyboard & encoder:

The functionality from the keys and encoder can be tested in the mode setup, the silent
button can be tested in MAN mode.

2.Speaker test:

The functionality speaker can be tested in setup


A beep is generated when the volume level is changed.

3.Mains/ battery indicator :

Set mains switch on and check mains indicator on Keyboard.


Set ventilator ON.
Check mains indicator on display.
Set mains switch OFF and check batttery indicator, Led on keyboard must go OFF.

4.Fan and filter:

The Fan has to rotate without making high noise level.


Check filter at the bottom, replace/ clean if necessary.

5.Battery:

Set mains switch OFF and verify or the ventilator can work for 1 hour on battery.
Before starting this test be sure that the ventilator was connected with the mains power
for at least 4 hours.

6.Internal connections:

Check internal tubing and electrical connections.


All tubing must be clear ,replace tubing who have indications from contamination or humidity.

7.Pressure regulators:

See technical manual section 3.5 THE PRESSURE REGULATORS.

Neptune ventilator 144 Technical manual


8.Flow regulators:

See technical manual section 3.6 THE FLOW REGULATORS

9.O2 Flush:

See technical manual section 3.7 O2 FLUSH

10.Pressure switches:

See technical manual section 3.8 THE INPUT PRESSURE SWITCHES

11.ZERO and MAX calibration transducers :

See technical manual section 3.4 THE PRESSURE TRANSDUCERS

12.Bottle safety valve:

See technical manual section 3.9 THE BOTTLE SAFETY VALVE

13.Valve test:

See technical manual section 3.10 VALVES TEST

14.Front absorber selector:

Set selector knob in front position and verify or fresh gas comes out on front.
Try to go in MAN mode. Check message on screen “Low Drive pressure” or “Fresh
gas front output selected”.
Set selector knob in absorber position and verify or fresh gas comes out on absorber.

15.Suction:

Be sure that vacuum is connected on ventilator.


Set Suction ON , block input suction jar and check for negative pressure on
pressure gauge.
Set suction OFF, No negative pressure may be seen on pressure gauge when
blocking the input from the suction jar with the suction selector in OFF position.

16. Handset safety valve:

Set the valve in close position and perform a leakage test.


Close patient Y and set flow of 10Lpm
Open fresh gas flow and verify max pressure, when valve is completely closed
The max pressure that can build up is 60 hPa +/_ 5hPa

17.O2 Measurement:

Go to setup menu section O2 calibration and perform a 21% and 100% calibration.

Neptune ventilator 145 Technical manual


Check also wire and connection with O2 cell.
See users manual section

18.Connections:

Check all external connection’s.

19.Absorber:

See technical manual Absorber

20.Flowmeter:

See technical manual Flowmeter

21.Gasovac:

See technical manual Gasovac

22.Leaktest:

See technical manual section 3.11 PERFORM A LEAKTEST

24.AERTH connection and mains output:

Disconnect the mains power cable and measure resistance between earth connection
on mains plug and earth connection on mains outlet on top cover plate.
The resistance must be less then 0.2 Ohm.
Measure resistance between earth connection on mains plug and cover plate
The resistance must be less then 0.2 Ohm.

25.Working:

Connect ventilator with test lung.


Let the ventilator work in CMV mode with following parameters.
TV: 500 PEEP 0hPa
Freq: 16 Insp.Pause 0
I:E 1/2 Freshgas 1LPM
Check volume on display with volume on testlung.

Neptune ventilator 146 Technical manual


6. TROUBLESHOOTING

™ Error code: 01
7 segment display code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 01
Plateau : 01
LCD display
Error detected / error 01 / MMI board / Internal program memory error
¾ Problem:
MMI board - Internal program memory error
‰ Action:
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor internal function test.

™ Error code: 02
7 segment display code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 01
Plateau : 02
LCD display
Error detected / error 02 / MMI board / Internal SRAM error
¾ Problem:
MMI board - Internal SRAM error
‰ Action:
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor internal function test.

™ Error code: 03
7 segment display code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 01
Plateau : 03
LCD display
Error detected / error 03 / MMI board / Internal timer error
¾ Problem:
MMI board - Internal timer error
‰ Action:
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor internal function test.

Neptune ventilator 147 Technical manual


™ Error code: 04
7 segment display code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 01
Plateau : 04
LCD display
Error detected / error 04 / MMI board / Internal EEprom error
¾ Problem:
MMI board - Internal EEprom error
Action:
Reset display parameters.
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor internal function test
Resolve internal function test error code 4 – Internal EEPROM error

™ Error code: 05
7 segment display code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 01
Plateau : 05
LCD display
Error detected / error 05 / MMI board / Internal watchdog error
¾ Problem:
MMI board - Internal watchdog error
‰ Action:
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor internal function test.

™ Error code: 11
7 segment display code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 02
Plateau : 01
LCD display
Error detected / error 11 / MMI board / External flash error
¾ Problem:
MMI board - External flash error
‰ Action:
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor external function test
Resolve external function test error code 1 – External flash error

Neptune ventilator 148 Technical manual


™ Error code: 12
7 segment display code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 02
Plateau : 02
LCD display
Error detected / error 12 / MMI board / SRAM error
¾ Problem:
MMI board - External SRAM error
‰ Action:
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor external function test
Resolve external function test error code 2 – External SRAM error

™ Error code: 13
7 segment display code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 02
Plateau : 03
LCD display
Error detected / error 13 / MMI board / external display driver error
¾ Problem:
MMI board - External display driver error
‰ Action:
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor external function test
Resolve external function test error code 3 – External display driver error

™ Error code: 15
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 02
Plateau : 05
LCD display
Error detected / error 15 / MMI board / 7 Segment lockup
¾ Problem:
MMI board – 7 segement lockup
‰ Action:
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor internal function test
Perform the internal function test
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- 7 segment display test
Perform the 7 segment display test

Neptune ventilator 149 Technical manual


™ Error code: 16
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 02
Plateau : 06
LCD display
Error detected / error 16 / MMI board / Barograph lockup
¾ Problem:
MMI board – barograph lockup
‰ Action:
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor internal function test
Perform the internal function test
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- barograph test
Perform the barograph test

™ Error code: 17
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 02
Plateau : 07
LCD display
Error detected / error 17 / MMI board / Frontleds lockup
¾ Problem:
MMI board – Frontleds lockup
‰ Action:
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor internal function test
Perform the internal function test
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- led indicator test
Perform the led indicator test

™ Error code: 18
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 02
Plateau : 08
LCD display
Error detected / error 18 / MMI board / Buzzer lockup
¾ Problem:
MMI board – buzzer lockup
‰ Action:
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor internal function test
Perform the internal function test
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- buzzer test
Perform the buzzer test

Neptune ventilator 150 Technical manual


™ Error code: 19
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 02
Plateau : 09
LCD display
Error detected / error 19 / MMI board / LCD lockup
¾ Problem:
MMI Board - LCD lockup
‰ Action:
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor internal function test
Perform the internal function test
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- showing a test pattern on the graphic display
Perform the lcd pattern test
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Microprocessor external function test
Resolve external function test error code 3 – External display driver

™ Error code: 20
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 02
Plateau : 04
LCD display
Error detected / error 20 / MMI board / keyboard / encoder failure
¾ Problem:
MMI board - Keyboard controller – Other failure
Problems with keyboard layer/circuit or the encoder knob.
‰ Action:
Verify that there is no key pressed.
Verify the encoder knob is not locked.
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Keyboard test
Perform the keyboard test
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD- Encoder test
Perform the encoder test

™ Error code: 28
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 03
Plateau : 01
LCD display
Error detected / error 28 / communication 25 ms timeout
¾ Problem:
Board communication error - 25 ms timeout
Communication with other boards is not possible.
‰ Action:
A communication problem can be the result from problems on the display board
but also from problems on other boards.

Neptune ventilator 151 Technical manual


In case of communication error:
ƒ Perform an internal test for all boards.
And verify or the tests on all boards pass.
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD - Microprocessor internal function test.
See section 1.7 MASTER BOARD - Microprocessor internal function test.
See section 1.8 PNEUMATIC BOARD - Microprocessor internal function
test.
ƒ Perform an external test for all boards.
See section 1.4 MMI BOARD – Microprocessor external function test.
See section 1.7 MASTER BOARD - Microprocessor external function test.
See section 1.8 PNEUMATIC BOARD - Microprocessor external function
test.
ƒ Perform a communication test between MASTER and DISPLAY board
See section 1.7 MASTER BOARD - Communication test between master
board and display board
ƒ Perform a communication test between MASTER and PNEUMATIC
board
See section 1.7 MASTER BOARD - Communication test between master
board and pneumatic board

™ Error code: 29
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 03
Plateau : 02
LCD display
Error detected / error 29 / Parity error start-up
¾ Problem:
Board communication error - Parity error start-up
Communication with other boards is not possible.
‰ Action:
Same action as for Error code: 28

™ Error code: 30
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 03
Plateau : 03
LCD display
Error detected / error 30 / parity error start-receive byte
¾ Problem:
Board communication error - Parity error start-receive byte
Communication with other boards is not possible.
‰ Action:
Same action as for Error code: 28

Neptune ventilator 152 Technical manual


™ Error code: 31
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 03
Plateau : 04
LCD display
Error detected / error 31 / Receive string length error
¾ Problem:
Board communication error - Receive string length error
Communication with other boards is not possible.
‰ Action:
Same action as for Error code: 28

™ Error code: 32
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 03
Plateau : 05
LCD display
Error detected / error 32 / Eot counter out of range
¾ Problem:
Board communication error - Eot counter out of range
Communication with other boards is not possible.
‰ Action:
Same action as for Error code: 28

™ Error code: 33
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 03
Plateau : 06
LCD display
Error detected / error 33 / Target slave not ready
¾ Problem:
Board communication error - Target slave not ready
Communication with other boards is not possible.
‰ Action:
Same action as for Error code: 28

Neptune ventilator 153 Technical manual


™ Error code: 34
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 03
Plateau : 07
LCD display
Error detected / error 34 / Transmit string wrong
¾ Problem:
Board communication error - Transmit string wrong
Communication with other boards is not possible.
‰ Action:
Same action as for Error code: 28

™ Error code: 41
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 41 / Pneumatic board / Global error
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board global error.
‰ Action:
ƒ Perform an internal test on pneumatic board.
See section 1.8 PNEUMATIC BOARD - Microprocessor internal function
test.
ƒ Perform an external test on pneumatic board.
ƒ See section 1.8 PNEUMATIC BOARD - Microprocessor external
function test.

™ Error code: 44
7 segment code
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 44 / Pneumatic board / Not able to start A/D converter
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – Not able to start A/D converter
Problem with analog digital converter on pneumatic board.
‰ Action:
Perform an external test on pneumatic board.
See section 1.8 PNEUMATIC BOARD - Microprocessor external function test.

Neptune ventilator 154 Technical manual


™ Error code: 45
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 45 / Pneumatic board / A/D converter busy time-out
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – A/D converter busy time-out
Problem with analog digital converter on pneumatic board.
‰ Action:
Perform an external test on pneumatic board.
See section 1.8 PNEUMATIC BOARD - Microprocessor external function test.

™ Error code: 46
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 46 / Pneumatic board / A/D readings equal to $FFF
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – A/D readings equal to $FFF
Problem with analog digital converter on pneumatic board.
‰ Action:
Perform an external test on pneumatic board.
See section 1.8 PNEUMATIC BOARD - Microprocessor external function test.

™ Error code: 47
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 47 / Pneumatic board / A/D readings equal to $000
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – A/D readings equal to $000
Problem with analog digital converter on pneumatic board.
‰ Action:
Perform an external test on pneumatic board.
See section 1.8 PNEUMATIC BOARD - Microprocessor external function test.

Neptune ventilator 155 Technical manual


™ Error code: 48
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 48 / Pneumatic board / Internal EEPROM memory error
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – Internal EEPROM memory error
‰ Action:
Perform an internal test on pneumatic board.
See section 1.8 PNEUMATIC BOARD - Microprocessor internal function test
Resolve internal function test error code 4 – Internal EEPROM error

Reset from the pneumatic board EEPROM settings will AFFECT the
calibration parameters. Recalibration of the ventilator is necessary in this
case. Refer to the maintenance and calibration procedure described this
manual!

™ Error code: 49
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 49 / Pneumatic board / +12V input voltage too low
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – 12V input voltage too low
‰ Action:
ƒ Check 12V voltage on DC/DC converter.
Connector P1:

Pin number Description


3 +12V DC output voltage
4 GND

ƒ Perform a Pneumatic function test.


See section 1.8 PNEUMATIC BOARD - Pneumatic function test.

Neptune ventilator 156 Technical manual


™ Error code: 50
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 50 / Pneumatic board / +12V valves enable circuit error
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – 12V valves enable circuit error
Input voltage is OK but circuit can’t switch ON the 12V valve voltage
‰ Action:
ƒ Disconnect valve connectors
ƒ Perform. Perform a Pneumatic function test.
See section 1.8 PNEUMATIC BOARD - Pneumatic function test.
ƒ Check for bad valve or short circuit if test is OK when valve
connectors are disconnected.
ƒ Check circuit Q1 / Q2 when test is not OK and valve connectors
are disconnected.
+12v
Q1
R30
22K
U8A
RFP30P05 4 3
Q CLR
2
B
13 1
Q A GND
14 C20 R20
Q2 Cext VCC
R9 100K
BS170M 330N
10K

15
RCext
74HC123

GND

Neptune ventilator 157 Technical manual


™ Error code: 51
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 51 / Pneumatic board / +12V valves disable circuit error
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – 12V valves disable circuit error
Input voltage is OK but circuit can’t switch the 12V valve voltage OFF.
‰ Action:
ƒ Disconnect valve connectors
ƒ Perform. Perform a Pneumatic function test.
See section 1.8 PNEUMATIC BOARD - Pneumatic function test.
ƒ Check circuit Q1 / Q2

+12v
Q1
R30
22K
U8A
RFP30P05 4 3
Q CLR
2
B
13 1
Q A GND
14 C20 R20
Q2 Cext VCC
R9 100K
BS170M 330N
10K

15
RCext
74HC123

GND

Neptune ventilator 158 Technical manual


™ Error code: 51
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 52 / Pneumatic board / Not able to fill tank
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – Not able to fill tank
A. When first starting in CMV or PCV mode the tank is filled with pressure
for the first inspiration. There is a time limit on this filling and when this time
is exceeds ERROR message 52 “Not able to fill tank ”is set on screen.

B. During CMV or PCV mode, the tank will be filled with a calculated
pressure during expiration, this filling has to be done before new inspiration
starts. When this filling is still busy when new inspiration starts, ERROR
message 52 “Not able to fill tank ”is set on screen.
‰ Action:
Situation A:
"Low input pressure or selector knob fresh gas in front position and
input pressure switch disabled.
ƒ Check selector knob fresh gas front absorber.
ƒ Check input pressure ,more than 3000hPa/3bar.
ƒ Check or input pressure switches are in ON position
Go to next step 4 when previous checks are OK

When the switches are in OFF position, the software will not check for low level
input pressure and will try to fill tank by activating valve V4 or V7 and V8.When
this filling is not possible within time, ERROR message 52 “Not able to fill tank
”is set on screen.

4
ƒ Go to calibration menu.
ƒ Activate 12v valves.
ƒ Activate valve V5 to discharge Tank.
ƒ Verify tank pressure must be 0hPa/0mbar.
ƒ Perform a zero calibration tank if not zero.
ƒ Set valve V5 OFF.
ƒ Activate valve 4 and let pressure in tank increase up to 2000hPa
2bar and set valve V4 OFF. If not possible, check valve 4 and
X2.and connection V4.
ƒ Activate valve V5 to discharge Tank.
ƒ .Set valve V5 OFF.
ƒ Activate valve 7,let pressure in tank increase up to 2000hPa / 2bar
and set
valve V7 OFF.
If not possible, check valve 7 and connection V7.
ƒ Activate valve V5 to discharge Tank.
ƒ .Set valve V5 OFF.
ƒ Activate valve 8,let pressure in tank increase up to 2000hPa / 2bar

Neptune ventilator 159 Technical manual


set valve V8 OFF. If not possible, check valve 8 & connection V8.

Situation B:
"Low input pressure or selector knob fresh gas to front position
switched during CMV or PCV mode and input pressure switch
disabled.
ƒ Check selector knob fresh gas front absorber.
ƒ Check input pressure ,more than 3000hPa / 3bar.
ƒ Check or input pressure switches are in ON position
Go to next step 4 when previous checks are OK
When the switches are in OFF position, the software will not check for low level
input pressure and will try to fill tank by activating valve V4 or V7 and V8.When
this filling is not possible before next inspiration starts, ERROR message 52
“Not able to fill tank ”is set on screen.

4
ƒ Go to calibration menu.
ƒ Activate 12v valves.
ƒ Activate valve V5 to discharge Tank.
ƒ Verify tank pressure must be 0hPa / 0mbar.
ƒ Perform a zero calibration tank if not zero.
ƒ Set valve V5 OFF.
ƒ Activate valve 4 and let pressure in tank increase up to 2000hPa
2bar and set valve V4 OFF. If not possible, check valve 4 and X2. and
connection V4.
ƒ Activate valve V5 to discharge Tank.
ƒ .Set valve V5 OFF.
ƒ Activate valve 7,let pressure in tank increase up to 2000hPa / 2bar
and set valve V7 OFF. If not possible, check valve 7 and connection
V7.
ƒ Activate valve V5 to discharge Tank.
ƒ .Set valve V5 OFF.
ƒ Activate valve 8,let pressure in tank increase up to 2000hPa / 2bar
and set valve V8 OFF. If not possible, check valve 8 and
connection V8.

™ Error code: 53
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 53 / Pneumatic board Not able to stop tank filling
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board –Not able to stop tank filling
When the tank is filled and the valves to fill the tank are switched OFF a check is
done or the pressure is within limits.
If the pressure is higher than the calculated value ERROR message 53 “Not able
to stop tank filling ”is set on screen.

Neptune ventilator 160 Technical manual


A. When first starting in CMV or PCV mode, the tank will be discharged
before filling.
This has to be done within time .if not ERROR message 53 “Not able to stop
tank filling ”is set on screen, because of high pressure in tank.
B. During CMV or PCV mode, the tank will be filled with a calculated
pressure during expiration, at the end of expiration the pressure in the tank is
checked with the calculated pressure. When this pressure is higher then the
calculated pressure value ERROR message 53 “Not able to stop tank filling
”is set on screen.
‰ Action:
Situation A:
"Low input pressure or selector knob fresh gas in front position and
input pressure switch disabled.
ƒ Check selector knob fresh gas front absorber.
ƒ Check input pressure ,more than 3000hPa/3bar.
ƒ Check or input pressure switches are in ON position
Go to next step 4 when previous checks are OK
When the switches are in OFF position, the software will not check for low
level input pressure and will try to discharge tank pressure by activating
valve V5.Activation from valve 5 is done electrical but X3 is pneumatically
driven and activation will be not possible when there is no pressure. When
discharging is not possible within time, ERROR message 53 “Not able to
stop tank filling ”is set on screen.

4
ƒ Go to calibration menu.
ƒ Activate 12v valves.
ƒ Activate valve V5 to discharge Tank.
ƒ If not possible check X3,V5 and connection V5.
ƒ When X3/V5 is OK verify tank pressure, must be 0hPa / 0mbar.
ƒ Perform a zero calibration tank if not zero.
ƒ Perform a leakage check V7,V8 and X2
See section 3.10 VALVES TEST / Leakage check V7,V8 and X2.

Situation B:
" Checked Tank pressure at end of expiration is higher than
calculated value.

ƒ Go to calibration menu.
ƒ Activate 12v valves.
ƒ Activate valve V5 to discharge Tank.
ƒ Verify tank pressure must be 0hPa / 0mbar.
ƒ Perform a zero calibration tank if not zero.
ƒ Set valve V5 OFF.
ƒ Perform a leakage check V7,V8 and X2
ƒ See section 3.10 VALVES TEST / Leakage check V7,V8 and X2.

Neptune ventilator 161 Technical manual


™ Error code: 54
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 54 / Pneumatic board / Tank low flow valve close time
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – Tank low flow valve close time
When the tank is filled and the valves to fill the tank are switched OFF a check is
done or the pressure is within limits.
If the pressure is higher than the calculated value and valves V7 and V8 are used
to fill tank, ERROR message 54 “Tank low flow valve close time” is set on
screen.
‰ Action:
ƒ Go to calibration menu.
ƒ Activate 12v valves.
ƒ Activate valve V5 to discharge Tank.
ƒ Verify tank pressure must be 0hPa / 0mbar.
ƒ Perform a zero calibration tank if not zero.
ƒ Set valve V5 OFF.
ƒ Perform a leakage check V7,V8
See section 3.10 VALVES TEST / Leakage check V7,V8 and X2.

™ Error code: 55
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 55 / Pneumatic board / Tank high flow valve close time
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – Tank high flow valve close time
When the tank is filled and the valves to fill the tank are switched OFF a check is
done or the pressure is within limits.
If the pressure is higher than the calculated value and valve V4 / X2 is used to fill
tank, ERROR message 55 “Tank high flow valve close time” is set on screen.
‰ Action:
ƒ Go to calibration menu.
ƒ Activate 12v valves.
ƒ Activate valve V5 to discharge Tank.
ƒ Verify tank pressure must be 0hPa / 0mbar.
ƒ Perform a zero calibration tank if not zero.
ƒ Set valve V5 OFF.
ƒ Perform a leakage check valve X2.
See section 3.10 VALVES TEST / Leakage check V7,V8 and X2.

Neptune ventilator 162 Technical manual


™ Error code: 56
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 56 / Pneumatic board / End exp. pressure to high
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – End exp. pressure to high
In CMV and PCV, the pressure is checked at the end of expiration.
When this pressure is higher than the PEEP setting + 20 the ventilator
Stops the working mode, switch over to manual and error message is set on
screen.
‰ Action:
ƒ Check evacuation port at back side ventilator for obstruction.

™ Error code: 57
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 57 / Pneumatic board / PIP press. higher than upp.lim
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – PIP press. higher than upp.lim.
At end of inspiration CMV or PCV, the pip pressure is checked. If higher than
the upper limit +20 hPa / +20mbar (MAX 105hPa / 105mbar) the ventilator stops
the working mode, switch over to manual and error message is set on screen.
‰ Action:
ƒ Check PEEP valve in patient breathing unit.
ƒ Check valve V13 and V10

™ Error code: 58
Tidal volume : Err
Peak : 00
Plateau : 00
LCD display
Error detected / error 57 / Pneumatic board / Not able to lower tank pressure
¾ Problem:
Pneumatic board – Not able to lower tank pressure.
At start of expiration the tank is filled with pressure.
When there is already a pressure in the tank that is higher than the calculated
pressure, the tank pressure will be discharged.
If this is not possible before next inspiration starts, the software will see that the
discharging was still busy and an error message 58 is set on screen.
‰ Action:
ƒ Check valve V5 and X3.

Neptune ventilator 163 Technical manual


CHECKLIST NEPTUNE. Done by:……………………..
Serial number:……………… Date:………/………/…………
Total working hours:………
conform
Y/N Remarks

1 Visual inspection

2 Keyboard & encoder

3 Speaker

4 Mains / battery indicator

5 Fan & filter

6 Battery

7 Internal connections

8 Pressure regulators

9 Flow regulators
O2 Flush
10

11 Pressure switches

12 Calibration transducer

13 Bottle safety valve

14 Valve test

15 Front/ absorber selector

16 Handset safety valve

17 Suction

18 O2 Measurement

19 Connections

20 Absorber

21 Flowmeter

22 Gasovac

23 Leak test

24 Earth connection

25 Working

Neptune ventilator 164 Technical manual


CHECKLIST NEPTUNE.
Replaced parts:
Part Nummer Quantity Remark

121213000 Switching diaphragm

121227000 Mushroom valve

250035000 Gas bag

501190100 O-ring 19X1

121250000 Venting valve

121236000 Valve

124228000 Expiration valve

505140100 O-ring 14 x 1,78 silic. 70° shore

501180200 O-ring 18 x 2

501320200 O-ring 32 x 2

501580300 O-ring 58 x 3,5

501250100 O-ring 25 x 2,5

501235100 O-ring 23.52 x 1,78

505030300 O-ring 3 x 3 silic. 70° blue

505100500 O-ring 10 x 3 silic. 70° blue

668202000 Battery 12v 7.2 Ah

Neptune ventilator 165 Technical manual