CCNA Interview Questions

1. How can a simple LAN be designed using CISCO Technology? Ans. CCNA mainly deals with routing and switching. Routing takes place at layer 3 while Switching takes place at layer 2. Cisco gears use standardized interface known as IOS. 2. How can IP Addressing Scheme be Designed? Ans. In a Class A address, the first octet is the network portion. In a Class B address, the first two octets are the network portion. In a Class C address, the first three octets are the network portion. 3. What are the appropriate routing protocols based on user Requirement? Ans. Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is easy to setup but is limited by hop counts. RIP 2 allows more information to be included in RIP packets and provides a simple authentication mechanism that is not supported by RIP. OSPF is good for larger network where scalability is a concern. It is complicated to set up though. Cisco believes that IGRP is technically better than RIP, although RIP is more frequently tested in the exam. 4. How a simple Internetwork can be designed using CISCO Technology? Ans. we need to use router to connect different networks together. In Addition we need to take care of IP addresses subnet configuration and routing table configuration and may also need to deploy routing protocols. 5. What are EIGRP and IGRP? Ans. EIGRP (Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol) and IGRP (Interior Gateway Routing Protocol) are Cisco proprietary routing protocols, while RIP and OSPF are open Standards. 6. What is Access List? Ans. In IP Access Lists (ACLs), masks are used with IP addresses to specify what should be permitted and denied. Masks to configure IP addresses on interfaces start with 255 and have the large values on the left side. Masks for IP ACLs are the reverse (wildcard mask). 7. Where are new Access Lists Added? Ans. New ACL statements should be added to the end of the list. 8. What is a WAN? Ans. A WAN is a network that covers a relatively broad geographic area that often uses transmission facilities provided by common carriers.

the REQUIRED steps are: 1. 7. Configuring Route Summarization on an Interface. Allowing Unicast Updates for RIP. Two popular examples are dial-on-demand routing (DDR) and dial backup. Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a an example of circuit Switching 11. Controlling Traffic Distribution. 12. To configure RIP. What are the steps in configuring RIP Protocol? Ans. Verifying IP Route Summarization. Applying Offsets to Routing Metrics. the REQUIRED steps are: 1. the OPTIONAL steps are: 1. What are Switched Circuits? Ans. It is usually leased from a carrier and thus is often called Leased Line. Disabling Automatic Route Summarization. Adjusting Timers. Enabling RIP. A point-to-point link provides a single pre-established WAN communications path from the customer premises to a remote network. 3. 2. 10. 3. Switched circuits allow data connections to be initiated when needed and terminated when completed. 14. To configure IGRP. Frame Relay and X. Applying Offsets to Routing Metrics. 2. Allowing Unicast Updates for IGRP. 5. Creating the IGRP Routing Process. 4. 5. Defining Unequal-Cost Load Balancing.9. Dialup services are cost-effective solutions for connectivity across WANs and are often used when cost is a concern and usage is not frequent. What are the steps in configuring IGRP Protocol? Ans. Specifying a RIP Version. 4.25. 2. Packet switching is a WAN technology in which users share common carrier resources (thus cheaper to use). Examples include ATM. What is a Point-to-Point Link? Ans. 13. What is Packet Switching? Ans. What are dialup services? Ans. Enabling RIP Authentication. . 6. To configure RIP.

Moreover. and maximum transmission unit (bandwidth and delay are the only parameters used by default).it takes a relatively long time for network changes to become known to all routers. you must define a metric that is understandable to the receiving protocol through the redistribute command. RIP metric is based on hop count. What is necessary while redistributing a routing protocol? Ans. By default the system validates the source IP addresses of incoming routing updates. Enforcing a Maximum Network Diameter. How RIP can be connected to a WAN? Ans. You may change the Interpacket delay for RIP updates sent through the outputdelay command in router configuration mode. 7. RIP is mostly used for LAN due to the fact that it limits the number of router hops between any two hosts in an internet to 16. What is Split Horizon and what is the procedure of enabling or disabling it? Ans. 4.6. 17. How Interpacket Delay can be configured? Ans. When redistributing routing protocols. it is slow to converge . Enabling or Disabling Split Horizon. but IGRP uses a composite metric based on bandwidth. 20. To configure IGRP.admin and multi-vendor environments. Adjusting Timers. 16. To disable this function. 15. Routers that use distance-vector routing protocols commonly employ the split horizon mechanism to reduce routing loops. 21. reliability. Split horizon is a technique that blocks information about routes from being advertised by a router "ip split-horizon" allows you to enable split horizon. load. You may then remove the delay with the no form of the command. "no ip split-horizon" allow you to disable split horizon. 19. What is BGP and how it works? . use"“no validate-update-source" 18. 2. the OPTIONAL steps are: 1. Validating Source IP Addresses. 3. multi. Multi-protocol routing is common for scenarios such as mergers. What is Multi-Protocol Routing? Ans. Disabling Holddown. delay. Adjusting the IGRP Metric Weights. What function is used to disable the validation of the source IP Address? Ans.

28. 23. 29. What is VLAN? Ans. As VLANs are based on logical connections. What are Layer 3 Capable CISCO Gears and What is their Function? Ans. A subnet is a portion of a network sharing a particular subnet address. 22. What is an Interface and Gateway Address? Ans. An IP Address is made of how many bits? Ans. Some layer 3 capable Cisco gears provide comprehensive Domain Name System (DNS) and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) administrative functionality to help customers automate and streamline IP networking services. DNS (Domain Name System) is for name resolution while DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is for dynamic IP address configuration. when in fact they are located on different LAN segments. A client must have a default gateway setting in order to communicate with the outside network. 26. The 32 binary bits are broken into four octets. such as client configuration and provisioning. Every IP address is made up of 32 binary bits which can be divisible into a network portion and host portion. with 1 octet = 8 bits. BGP Stands for Border Gateway Protocol and in order to connect Networks accross WAN you need to configure BGP. What is a Subnet and Subnet Mask? Ans. 25. Gateway address is the router’s address. What is DNS and DHCP? Ans. An IP address is the unique number ID assigned to one host or interface in a network. An interface refers to a network connection.Ans. What is an IP Address? Ans. A subnet mask is a 32-bit combination used to describe which portion of an address refers to the subnet and which part refers to the host. 27. What is VTP? . they are extremely flexible in terms of configuration and application. Virtual LAN (VLANs) refers to a group of devices on one or more LANs that are configured to communicate as if they were attached to the same wire. 24. BGP Performs Interdomain routing between multiple Autonomous Systems and Excahnges routing and Reachability Information with Other BGP Systems.

and renaming of VLANs on a network-wide basis. 30.1Q-compliant VLAN pruning and dynamic VLAN creation on 802. deletion. GVRP Stands for Generic VLAN Registration Protocol (GVRP) provides IEEE 802.1Q trunk ports . What is GVRP Ans.Ans. VTP Stands for VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) works at Layer 2 to manage the addition.

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