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( Reaffirmed 1997 )
METHOD FOR SUBSURFACE SOUNDING FOR SOILS
PART I DYNAMIC WITHOUT ( METHOD USING 50 mm CONE BENTONITE SLURRY
First Revision )
Third Reprint DECEMBER 1994
Q Copyrighl 1977 BUREAU OF MANAKBHAVAN,
SHAH ZAFAR MARG
NEW DELHI 1 lOOU2
Hun&ord Ckq R/l Hungnford sired. . BALCXANDANI ( Altorn& ) New Delhi New ~eihi *Also represents Indian Geotechni4 Society. RAO ( Altomah ) National SHBI V.~ANERJEE SHRI S. N. & &rat & SHRI A. L. *P’. Research Mambers ADD~ONAI. Buildings Organization. Rhagaul. DEWAN *DR G. a .976 Indian Standard UETHOD FOR SUBSURFACE SOUNDING FOR SOILS PART I DYNAMIC WJTHOUT METHOD USING 50 mm CONE RENTONITE SLURRY ( First Revision $ Soil Engineering Chairman PnoB DINE&I MORAN Centraaor!h$ling Sectional Committee. New Delhi BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS This ubliution b protected under . Calcutta 700017 ) Irrigation Research Institute. Bombay ) Indiirn Institute of Technology. Government of Punjab Radio Foundation Engineering Go. S. G. Calcutta SJWI R. Army Headquarters LT-CbL AVTAR SINoH MAJR. Jodhpur Pnop ALAMSIN~H Engineer-in-Chief’s Branch. DIVANJI personal capacity ( P-820. DADINA SBRI A.wr&tea mirisar-atthe publisher &all be deemed Co be au infrmganent of copyright up %” the mid &. H. JANGLE ( Altanots J)B SHASHI K. DAEWIDAR Cementation In Co Ltd.SODBIND~A(Alt~iC) DR A.* lkdion w@f M ( XIV of l957 ) md repr ox uction in whok QT in pn by my w acept wide . patna Irrigation Department. HEQDE SEXX S. V.ISr4%8(Partl[)-I.R. G. Calcutta 700053 ) In personal capacity ( 5. GULEATI DR G. Ltd. DIRECTCJIS RESEARCH Railway Board ( Ministry of Railways ) ( RDSO ) DEPUTY D~TXTOH RESEARCH ( RDSO ) ( Altern& ) University of Jodhpur. N. GUPTA ( Alkrnafo ) SHI~IK. DHILLON REREARCH OFFICES ( SOILS ) ( IPRI ) ( Affurnak ) SHHI A. H. Raprescnting BDC 23 Institute ( CSIR ). 36~ Allporc.
S. New Delhi ( Alter&r to Shri R. MELKOTE SRBI C. T. K. VEBW SERI V. CHATURVEDI ( Al&mate ) Central Water Commission. SEN ( Alf~~~tt SHRI G. MALBOTRA SERI J. Jodhpur Poor ALAX S~H En@ncer-in-Chief’s Branch. Bombay General. bfAl%YA SERI N. IS1 ( Ex-o#cio M#mbcr ) ) & Dealers Deputy SHBI G. Neiv Delhi SERI R. SUDHI~BA ( AI-k ) S-1 M8mb8TS C. SUDHINDRA ( Ahnate ) Central Road Research Institute ( CSIR ). c. UNWALLA EXECDTIVE ENGINEER ( Ahmate ( A&rnats SHRI T.ks Department.. h&NON SHRI H. M. S. Bombay REPRESENTATIVE Building and Roads Research Laboratory. New Delhi SHBI T.adorks Department. Go_vernment of Punjab Roa$eF. BDC 23 : 2 COWW saax R. RAMAN Director ( Civ Engg ). R. R. S. Bombay ) All India Instruments Manufacturers Association. Roorkee SHRI H. Melkote ) University of Jodhpur. Government of Tamil SUPZRIIQTENDIN~ ENGINEER Smu B. Army Hadquarters LPGOL AVTAB Sx~mi MAJ R. D.$tih4mlstry of Slnppmg and Transport. NATARAJAN Hindustan Construction Co Ltd. SEASMA Publi. D. MELXOTE Central Water Commission. MATHUR PublErady. AJITHA SIMHA. Roorkee *DR SEAMSE~ PRAKAEH DB GOPAL F~ANJAN ( Aftmuh~ ) Irrigation Research Institute. DR K.IS:4968(PartI)-1976 ( Continuedfrom@age 1 ) M&S Rcjresmting Public Works Depytment. SUD~~D~A ( Chtimud on pare 9 ) OA~~O repracntr Institution of Engineers ( India ). SAXENA Central Board of Irrigation & Power. C. S. New Delhi SEOBETARY DEPUTY SEO~ETARY ( Ahma& ) University of Roorkee. ) SHRI 0. 2 . IS1 Site Exploration and Investigation for Foundations Subcommittee. REEEAROH Omcm Chandigarh Engineering Research Laboratories. Hyderabad. VASTJDEVAN( Altmab ) Director SFIRI D. K. Director ( Civ Engg ) Concrete Association of India. P. Government of Uttar SEBI D. Delhi Centre.
but these data only provide a rough indication of the consistency or relative density of the soil.5 mm cone driven dry up to a depth of 9 m ( without bentonite slurry ) [ see IS : 4968 ( Part II )-19’76t 1. These relationships. and such as grain-size distribution. quantitative in nature and are influenced by the character of the soils. The extra work required to determine the penedegree of saturation.5 mm cone using bentonite slurry as &br [ IS : 4968 ( Part II )-1976t 1. NOTE However for the 62. 0.1 This Indian Standard ( Part I ) ( First Revision ) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 22 December 1976. to penetration in the standard penetration test ( IS : 2131NATE . Dynamic method using cone and *Method for standard penetration test for soils. for medium to fine sands.2. the following relationships have been developed by the Central Building Research Institute. 3 . when utilized. that to a 50 mm cone as Ned and that to a 62. 0. surcharge pressure. shall be used with caution. tMethod for subsurface sotmding for soils: Part II bentonite slurry (jrzt m&ion ). tration resistance is small compared to the value of the data obtained.. after the draft finalized by the Soil Engineering Sectional Committee had been approved by the Civil Engineering Division Council.V for depths of 4 to 9 m.2 The resistance Ned (see Note) to penetration of the cone in terms of number of blows per 300 mm of penetration may be correlated with the bearing capacity of cohesionless soils and also possibly with the load The correlations are qualitative rather than carrying capacity of piles.IS t 4968 ( Part I ) .‘l’he rc&ance 19632 ) shall be designated as N.1 Correlation between cone penetration values ( Ned ) and penetration values obtained by other methods may be developed for a given site by conducting the latter tests adjacent ( about 3 to 5 m ) to the location of the cone test ( see Note ). N&rNebr 1*5Nuptoadepthof4m l-75 .1976 Indian Standard METHOD FOR SUBSURFACE SOUNDING FOR SOILS PART I DYNAMIC WITHOUT METHOD USING 50 mm CONE BENTONITE SLURRY ( First Revision ) 0. FOREWORD 0. permeability. Roorkee.
if the final value. . The dimensions and shape of the cone shall be as given in Fig. observed or calculated.5 mm blows for 300 mm -penetration ). NATEThe cone without threads will be left in the pund after the cempletlenof *Method for standard penetration test for aoils. 1. In this revision several changes have been mad-e taking into consideration the experience gained in conducting the test and in the manufacture of the equipment. 1A and 1R. tffules for routidibg off numerical values ( rrrisrd ). is to be rounded off. It can’ provide useful data for local conditions where reliable correlations have been established. Reference has also been made to the automatic arrangement for controlling the drop of the hammer.IS:lbBB( where P8Ytr)-rs Ncbr N cone resistance obtained with a 62. SCOPE I. 9. The major changes made relate to the material of the cone and *the hammer criteria for stopping of driving of the cone and the limitations. 4 .5 In reporting the result of a test or anaIysis made in accprdance with this standard. 1C shall be provided.1 This standard covers the procedure for determining the resistance ofdifferent soil strata to dynamic penetration of a %mm cone and thereby obtaining an indication regarding their relative strengths or density or both. For the cone without threads. the teat. it shall be done in accordance with IS : 2-1960t. The method helps reconaissance survey of wide areas in a shorter time which will enable selective in ifa testing or sampling for typical profile. may be of mild steel.4 In the formulation of this standard due weightage has been given to international co-ordination among the standards and practices prevailing in different countries in addition to relating it to the practice in the field in this country.1 Cone i. E@JIPMENT 2. 0. S (number of blows for 360 mm penetration ) .The cone with threads ( recoverable) shall be of suitable The cone without threads ( expendable ) steel with the tip hardened.3 This standard was first published in 1968. 2. a cone adopter as shown in Fig. and cone driven dry ( number of etration in the standard penetration test ( in accordresistance to ance with f” :2131-1963*). 0.
1976 SQUARE ‘A THREADS OF ROD COUPLING b----ot 5Of0. 1 CONE AND CONE bOPTER 5 .SQUARE THREADS OF ‘A’ ROD COUPLING 1C CONE ADOPTER All dixncmiona in millimetres.05 # 1A CONE 1 B THREADED CONE . Fxa.IS : 4968 ( Part I ) .
6 may be stopped when the . The clearance between the rod and/or guide and the hole in the hammer shall be about 5 mm.. NOTE- The outer and internal diameters of A rods are 41. Provision shall he made to enable the operator to climb up the equipment for fixing the pulley.2 Driving Rods -The rods used for the test should be A rods of suitable lengths with threads for joining A rod coupling at either end. ropes. preferred.57 mm respectively. It shall be 250 mm high and of suitable diameter. 2.2 ) and/or guide to pass freely through it. It shall have a diameter of 100 mm and a length of 100 to 150 mm.1’ The 50 mm diameter 60” cone shall be fitted loosely to the driving rod ( .A rod ) ( seeNote under 2. An automatic arrangement for cokrolling the drop of the hammer may be 3. It shall have a hole at the centre running throughout its length and of suitable diameter for A rod ( see Note under 2. The rods should be marked at every 100 mm. The equipment shall be designed to be stable under conditions of impact of the hammer over the driving head when the cone is driven during the test. etc.1 ).2 ) through a cone adopter or the threaded cone shall be screwed to the driving rod.2 ). with the cone resting on the ground to be tested.IS : 4968 ( Part I ) .27 mm and 28. A guide rod 150 cm long shall he connected to the hammer head. This assembly shall be kept vertical. 2.The driving threads at either end for a rod coupling ( see Note under 2.To save the number of blows exceeds7 5 for 100 mm penetration. NOTE- if available.Any suitable hoisting equipment. PROCEDURE 3. The numberof blows for every 100 mm penetration of the cone shall be recorded. uipme-nt frbm damag$ driving NOTE. The weight of the hammer together with the chain &all be 65 kg. The cone shall then be driven into the soil by allowing the 65 kg hammer to fall freely through a height of 75Omm each time.1976 2. The hammer head shall be joined to the other end of the A rod with A rod coupling.4 Hoisting Equipment . A typical set-up using a tripod is shown in Fig.3 Driving Head . 2.The hammer used for driving the cone shall be of mild steel or cast iron with a base of mild steel. Suitable guides shall be provided to keep the driving rod vertical. head shall be of mild steel with 2. The process shall be repeated till the cone is driven to the required depth (see Note and 4. such as a tripod may be used.5 Hammer .
1976 65 kg HAMMER // GUIDE ROD-/- Ii1 \\ ’ -GL Fro.ISI 4968 ( Part I ) . 2 TYPICAL ASEMBLY OF EQUIPMENT FOR CONE PENETRATION TEST 7 .
with reasons. type of soil. and its likely levels. REPORT 5. available. for example. If the test is used for obtaining a general qualitative idea of the strata. d h) Any other information of the cone used in the test. in cohesionless soils the depth may be limited to 5 m. LIMITATIONS 4. in mixed soil with some binding material the depth may be 10 m.1 The maximum depth to which the cone should he driven will depend upon the type of soil. and variation.1976 4.IS : 4968 ( Part I ) . the cone may be driven to any convenient depth. following: a) Date of probing. table 4 f> Total resistance-at Any interruption Diameter the required in probing.Ncd and depth. from available d) Depth of water information. c) Elevation of ground surface. 5. If correlations of cone penetration values obtained by other methods is desired in interpretation. b) Location. 8 .1 The number of blows ( Jvcd ) as a continuous record for every 300 mm of penetration shaI1 be shown in a tubular statement or shown as a graph Records of the test shall also include the between . the position of the water table and the purpose of the test.
PRAMmIX Nasik Sam P. New Delhi River Research Institute. Bombay PublgadWzks Department. Bombay DIRECLY~B REBEABCE Railway Board ( Ministry of Railways ) (%:~:~“)D~~~~~~~ RE~EAROE (So-) ( RDSO ) ( Altemate ) Maharashtra Engineering Research Institute. and Hazarat & Co. K.Boplbay Road. K. New Delhi WORK8( I ) Cent. Government of Tamil Nadu Central Road Research Institute ( CSKR ). NATARAJAN SEBI H. West Jkngal ) Sasr H. e Srurx P. SBRI H. Construction Co Ltd. REPICE~ENTATW~ SAEA ( Akmuk SEIU N. VEBXA PROPT.krfe$lding Research Institute ( CSIR ). Government of Utm Rcxlio Foundation DEPUTY Engineering Ltd. N.1976 ( Conlinudfrom pap 2 ) Lumbers Da A. &iATI!EBJEE SHBI R. SEN Hindustan. TEOYAE ( Altmu~ ) SUF-ERINTENDXNCJ SU~VEYOB or Central Public Works Department. SEARMA Saax V. MERTA ( Altrrnats ) (SOIL Public Works Department.IS I 4968 ( Part I ) . AQOARWAL Alrnnotr ) ( Assoc~a&~~~~rumentr Manufacturers India Pvt Ltd. R. K. !hiOME ( Ahatr) E~OINEER RXEcUTIVE M~CEANICS DZVIBION ) Smu T. S~BI D.. BMEEJEXE DR A. DEEAI Raprrs6nting Cementation Co Ltd. C.eBihiMmBtry of Shlppmg & Transport. wW. S. K. . S. L. NAOARU ( Al&mats ) 9 . DIRECTOR REBEARCE ORICER ( Al&ma& ) Geological Survey of India DIRECTOR GENEBAD SHRI S. C.
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BIS.raphyUnit. New Delhi.' teat for Soils (Pages 4 to 6." (Pages 5 and 7) .Delete Fig. hoisting IS:10589-1983 equipment shall conform to 'Specification for equipment for determination of subsurface sounding of soils'. driving head.AMENDMENT NO. 1 and 2. footnote with **' mark) Substitute the following fnr the existin@ fnQtnote: ‘*Method of standard penetration (first revision). clause 2) following for the existing clause: "2. 1 TO OCTOBER 1987 IS:4968(Part l)-1976 METHOD FOR SUBSURFACE SOUNDING FOR SOILS *PART 1 DYNAMIC METHOD USING 50 mm CONE WITHOUT BENTONITE SLURRY (First Revision) (Pages 3 and 4) for 'IS:2131-1963'. India . EQUIPMENT Substitute the 2.1 The cone driving rods. - Substitute 'Is:2131-1981' (Pages 3 _ and 4. (BDC 23) Kcpro!.
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