Mining Services (T) Ltd.
Colour Coding Guidelines / Symbolic Safety Signs
Best Management Practice BMP-B10-AF

Introduction This procedure has been developed to ensure that colour coded demarcation and the placing of safety symbolic signs of all areas across site are standardised and conform to the requirements of the HSE Management System. Purpose All colour codes used throughout the mine site should be standardised to refect the same meaning and to minimise the risk of workers becoming confused while moving around the site. Colour Coding The following designated colours are to be used at all times and can be adapted for signs, floors, walls etc. Basic Colours Jade GREEN Safety information e.g. eye wash, safety showers, first aid, emergency exits etc. Shape: Square Colour: Green background with white lettering/ pictogram Sunflower YELLOW Hazard warning e.g. handrails, safety chains, No Parking Areas, housekeeping markings Shape: Triangle Colour: Black border, yellow centre with black lettering/pictogram Signal RED Fire protection equipment e.g. fire extinguishers Informatory Signs, Prohibitory Signs, Emergency Stopping Devices Shape: Square / Circular Colour: Square – Red Square with White lettering/pictogram Circular – Red border, red diagonal, white centre with black pictogram Bright BLUE Mandatory signs e.g. PPE signs – must use signs Shape: Circular Colour: Blue Circle with white pictogram

A colour-coded display should be prominently displayed in all work areas to ensure workers have a ready reference to colours used and to further minimise any confusion.

BMP-B10AF page 2 of 23

Application of Colour Coding Colour coding must be applied in any of the following ways: Single colour over entire area. Colours on pipelines can be easily obliterated by dust. green) which are clearly visible from the working levels for floor or housekeeping demarcations Paint every pipeline in the base colour. contrasting coloured text and arrows you can identify the contents of a pipe and the normal direction of flow. By means of standard colours. The colour coding can be colour bands or strips 150mm wide over the entire length of the pipeline with 1m breaks in between colour bands or the base colour over the entire length of the pipeline. Strips of at least 100mm wide over base colour (e.Maintenance of Colour Coding Colours used should be clearly recognisable. If colours are faded or beginning to wear they should be repainted. Pipeline contents identification labels must be fitted in a visible position at no more than 8 metre intervals along the length of a pipe Pipelines Pipelines should be colour coded according to their contents as follows: GREEN LIGHT BLUE YELLOW-OCHRE OR VIOLET RED Potable water Air Other gases All fire services FLOCCULANT SULFURIC ACID CAUSTIC SODA OXYGEN BMP-B10AF page 3 of 23 . therefore cleaning of the work place should include pipelines.g. Pre-made pipeline contents identification markers with the correct colour coding can also be used to demarcate pipes. Regular inspections of work areas should be undertaken to ensure colour-coded demarcation is satisfactory.

CO2. Foam BMP-B10AF page 4 of 23 .Base Colour Green Light Blue Medium Brown Violet Ochre Safety Yellow Silver Grey Black Signal Red Content Type Water Air Oils Acids and Alkalis Gases Hazardous services Steam Other Fluids Fire fighting materials Example Potable water Compressed air Diesel Hydrochloric acid Oxygen Reagents Drainage pipes Water.

Demarcation of Floors Demarcation of floors should adhere to the standard colour coding It is not necessary to cover the entire floor area with a base colour. but storage areas. Colour Code for Housekeeping Demarcations: • Work area Use concrete floor as a base colour or paint floor grey • Storage area Indicated by 100mm green lines • Aisles Indicated by 100mm white lines • No Parking Indicated by 100mm yellow lines Example BMP-B10AF page 5 of 23 . no parking zones and working areas should be indicated.

The standard demarcation for a “no parking zone” must be used i. a yellow border or paint the whole no parking zone yellow.Demarcation Under Emergency Response Equipment Demarcation under emergency response equipment is for the purposes of ensuring that the equipment is always accessible. order or warning to employees in the workplace. Planning should ensure that there is ready access to emergency response equipment by way of a clear way in front of the equipment. BMP-B10AF page 6 of 23 . The background of mounted fire fighting appliances should be either red or red and white chevron for easy identification in an emergency situation Demarcation Signage As with colour coding the purpose of demarcation signage is to convey a message. stop sign. Demarcation signs are also designed to transgress language boundaries i.e.e.

Demarcation signs consist of: GEOMETRIC SHAPE Warning BACKGROUND COLOUR Yellow Background Black Border /Pictogram White Background Red Diagonal/Black Pictogram Prohibition Mandatory White Pictogram Blue Background Informatory (General) Green Background White Pictogram Informatory (Fire Equipment) Red Background White Pictogram BMP-B10AF page 7 of 23 .

e.Hazard warning chevron Danger warning chevron Signs should be installed at the discretion of the personnel responsible for a work area and the distance from where it should be visible determines sign size. for the example used the control measure would be to rather install a handrail. BMP-B10AF page 8 of 23 . Warning of danger areas All hazardous areas where caution must be exercised must be highlighted for easy recognition. the chevron must be replaced with a red and white chevron at a 45 angle using 150mm intermittent lines Note: The emphasis must always be to try and eliminate the Hazards i. The entire area must be painted chevron yellow and black at a 45 angle using 150mm intermittent lines In an area where the immediate Hazard poses a grave danger or peril.

Symbolic Safety Signs Shape: Square Colour: White with Red Bordering Pictogram: Red BMP-B10AF page 9 of 23 .

FB 1 .Location of Fire Extinguisher FB 3 .Fire Hose FB 5 – Fire Alarm FB 7 – Fire Telephone FB 9 – Location of Fire Blanket FB 2 – Fire Extinguisher FB 4 – Fire Hydrant FB 6 – Sprinkler Stop Valve FB 8 – Fire Pump Connection FB 10 – Fire Marshall FB 20 – Fire Bucket BMP-B10AF page 10 of 23 .

Shape: Circular (Disc) Colour: Blue Pictogram: White BMP-B10AF page 11 of 23 .

MV 1 – Eye protection must be worn MV 3 – Head protection must be worn MV 2 – Respiratory protection must be worn MV 4 – Hearing protection must be worn MV 5 – Hand protection must be worn MV 6 – Foot must be worn MV 7 – Eye protection must be worn MV 9 –Aprons must be worn MV 11 –Air supplied hood must be worn MV 13 –Air Extraction must be used MV 15 – Screening must be used MV 8 –Safety harnesses and lifeline must be worn MV 10 –Face protection protection must be Worn MV 12.Use Safety Cage BMP-B10AF page 12 of 23 .Dust Mask must be worn MV 14 – Keep Area Clean MV 16.

Shape: Square Colour: Green Pictogram: White BMP-B10AF page 13 of 23 .

Wheel chair access GA 91.Ladies Toilet GA 12.Refuse Chamber GA 14 – Waiting Place GA 16.Locomotive Refuelling point GA 11.Telephone GA 15.Manned first aid station GA 7.Direction to escape rout right GA 6.Safety shower GA 22.Emergency Telephone GA 17.Location of bomb bag GA 2 – General direction GA 4 .Blasting point GA 9.GA 1.Stairs going up GA 20.Direction to escape GA 5.Stairs going down GA 19.Electric isolator switch GA 18.First aid equipment GA 3.Gents Toilet GA 13.Eye wash GA 21.Air pack BMP-B10AF page 14 of 23 .Drinking Water GA 8.Travel way GA 10.

Shape: Circular (Disc) Colour: White and red borderline Pictogram: Black BMP-B10AF page 15 of 23 .

Lose clothing. jewellery and long hair prohibited PV 14 .Smoking prohibited PV 2 . ties.Cycling prohibited PV 9.Tractors and fork-lifts prohibited PV 12.Carrying of long materials Prohibited PV 10.Proceeding beyond sign prohibited PV 8.Do not obstruct PV 16.Water and extinguishing agent prohibited prohibited PV 5.Dogs pohibited PV 22.Hand tramming prohibited PV 11-Use of compressed air to dust body prohibited PV 13-Dumping prohibited PV 15-No entry for heavy vehicles PV 17-Locomotives prohibited PV 19-Carring of firearms prohibited PV 21-Camras Prohibited PV 6.No entry for vehicles PV 18.Drinking of this water Prohibited PV 7.Alcohol prohibited BMP-B10AF page 16 of 23 .Thoroughfare for pedestrians PV 4 .Wearing of motorbike helmets prohibited PV 20.PV 1.Fire and open flames prohibited PV 3.

Shape: Triangular Colour: Black border yellow centre Pictogram: Black BMP-B10AF page 17 of 23 .

Warning of carbon dioxide hazard WW 17-Warning of hazard of moving Machinery WW 19-Beware of dogs WW 21-Beware of material falling From moving conveyor belts WW 10.General warning sign WW 3.Warning of ionising radiation hazard hazard WW 7.Warning of suspended loads Hazard WW 9.Warning of methane hazard WW 11.Beware of hazard of exposed live high voltage equipment BMP-B10AF page 18 of 23 .Warning of laser WW 14 -Warning of workers hazard WW 16 .Warning of corrosive hazard WW 5.Warning of poisonous substances WW 6 .Warning of electric shock hazard WW 8 .Warning of biological hazard WW 13.Warning of hazard of slippery steps WW 23.Warning of fragile roof WW 12.Warning of hazard of slippery walking surface WW 18 .Warning of explosive hazard WW 2-Warning of fire hazard WW 4 .WW 1.Warning of hazard of cold burns WW 20 –Beware of forklifts WW 22 .Warning of asbestos hazard WW 15.

Please make sure that all potentially dangerous cargo is declared. compressed oxygen. may become dangerous when subjected to the fluctuations of temperature and pressure during the flight.What is Dangerous Goods? Dangerous goods is articles or substances which can pose a significant risk to health. BMP-B10AF page 19 of 23 . ON CONTACT WITH WATER. it could also result in a fatal accident. EMIT FLAMMABLE GASES. aerosols. petrol. If you have any doubts about your cargo please contact your Stores Manager Because not only is it a criminal offence to ship or attempt to ship undeclared and incorrectly packaged dangerous cargo. benzine. Class 3 FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS are liquids.g. matches. cartridges. DISSOLVED UNDER PRESSURE OR HIGHLY REFRIDGERATED. fire-lighters. road or boat Some seemingly innocent substances. igniters. cigarette lighters. e. e. SUBSTANCES WHICH. Class 4 FLAMMABLE SOLIDS: SUBSTANCES LIABLE TO SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION. alcohol. grenades. labeled and packed correctly. safe on the ground.) Class 1 EXPLOSIVES are substances or devices having an explosive effect. safety or property when transported by air. potassium. mixtures of liquids or liquids containing solids in solution or in suspension that discharge a flammable vapour at medium temperatures e. e. LIQUIFIED. phosphorous. toy caps.g. paints. fireworks.g. brake fluid.g. Summary of Classes of Dangerous Cargo (Including names of some commercial products related to each class. Class 2 GASES: COMPRESSED. detonators.

g. Class 6 POISONOUS (TOXIC) AND INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES are substances that either can cause death.g. when in contact with oxygen.g. bacterial agents. e. or contain viable micro-organisms or their toxins known. asbestos. e. inhaled or from skin contact.g. e. dry ice. disinfectants. rodenticides. BMP-B10AF page 20 of 23 . pesticides.g. hydrochloric acid.g. Class 7 RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS are materials with a specific activity greater than 70 kBq/kg. uranium. can cause severe damage by chemical action when in contact with living tissue or that can severely damage other cargo or the aircraft. instruments containing mercury. engines internal combustion. injury or health problems if swallowed. in the event of leakage. environmentally hazardous substances. diseases in humans or animals.Class 5 OXIDISING SUBSTANCES: ORGANIC PEROXIDES are substances that normally do not burn but. Class 8 CORROSIVES are substances that. bleaching powder. or suspected to cause. e. carbon-14. potassium permanganate. and other regulated substances which might cause extreme annoyance or discomfort. These include magnetised material which might affect the flight navigational systems. can set fire to other materials or can help to bring it about. pool chemicals. polystyrene beads. cyanide compounds. e. Class 9 MISCELLANEOUS DANGEROUS GOODS are substances or articles not covered by other classes and which might be a source of danger during air transportation. e.

BMP-B10AF page 21 of 23 .

Phloresent lights All oils/ cloth and contaminated soils Insect spray cans. Grinding Disks. plastic All items that originate from the Mill Steel off-cuts from Boiler shop Packing Crates BMP-B10AF page 22 of 23 .Environmental Colour Coding of Refuse Bins Bin Type Industrial Waste Hydrocarbon Waste Domestic Waste Mill Waste Steel Waste Wood Waste Colour Coding Dark Green Light Brown White Orange Dark Blue Light Blue Example Glass.

In particular. if your business uses the following • Petrol • LPG • Paints • Varnishes • Solvents or creates dust from milling.If you use dangerous substances which may cause an explosive atmosphere in the workplace you must mark all areas classified as hazardous with an explosive safety sign at each point of entry. grain or sand operations you will have a legal obligation to comply with this BMP-B10AF page 23 of 23 .

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