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DIET GUIDE FOR HYPERURICEMIC PATIENTS OR HIGH


SERUM URIC ACID LEVEL
(TAMANG PAGKAIN PARA SA PASYENTE NA
MAY MATAAS NA URIC ACID SA DUGO)
FOOD TAKE THIS NOT THIS
Rice or Boiled rice, 1 serving per meal (1 Fried rice and whole grain of
Noodles serving=1cup), all types of cereals
noodles (unsalted)

Meat, poultry About 60gm daily of pork Kidney, liver, spleen, brain,
or fish (trimmed), beef, chicken/turkey anchovies, fish eggs, sardines, &
(no skin), fish, meat extracts/ “bulalo”
do not fry
Vegetables All types of vegetables except- Beans, lentils, mushrooms, peas,
spinach, asparagus, cauliflower
Eggs or All types of eggs or cheese
cheese (boiled/maximum of 3 eggs/week) Fried eggs

Tubers White potato, sweet potato, gabi, Fried potato, potato chips
cassava.

Bread All types except whole wheat Whole wheat bread


bread, refined cereals

Beverage Fresh fruit juices (limit 4 oz. per All alcoholic drinks
day); black coffee or herbal teas;
soft drinks with sugar substitute;
club soda, preferably salt free;
cocoa made with skim milk or non-
fat dried milk and water (sugar
substitute added if desired). Milk
(preferably skimmed)

Fruits Eat 3 servings of fresh fruit per Strawberries


day (1 serving=1/2 cup). Avocados, coconuts (for patients
Be sure to have one citrus fruit with high cholesterol)
daily. Frozen or canned fruit with
no sugar or syrup added may be
used. All types of fruits except-

Desserts Simple cakes, cookies, gelatin, Rich desserts


custards, puddings prepared with
skim milk (eat with moderation/
avoid in patients with diabetes)

Miscellaneous Nuts, condiments, salts, and Cream, mayonnaise, gravies


spices may be used sparingly

Special notes:
1. Remember that even non-limited foods should be used in moderation.
2. While on uric acid lowering diet, be sure to also avoid other food that may
affect/aggravate other medical conditions.
3. Consult your physician if you had any questions.
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DIET GUIDE FOR DIABETIC PATIENT


(TAMANG PAGKAIN PARA SA PASYENTE NA MAY DIABETES)

BE FREE TO HAVE ANY OF THESE ITEMS


Beverages
Black coffee once a day (no cream, can be taken with sugar substitute)
Black tea once a day (can be taken with sugar substitute)
Dilute fresh calamansi and dayap juice

Condiments
Mustard Pepper
Meat sauces (prepared without starch Herbs
and fat) Spices
Dill pickles (can be prepared with sugar Vinegar Hoy
substitute) sauce

Vegetables
All leafy vegetables like pechay, kangkong, camote tops, etc. (should be unsalted)
All watery kinds like cucumber, sayote, fresh tomatoes, etc.

BE FREE TO HAVE ONE OF THESE WITH EACH MEAL (IN


MODERATION)
Meat (cut off fat)
Chicken/Turkey (without skin)
Fish
Shellfish (precaution should be taken if you have
dyslipidemia or high cholesterol)
Eggs (3/week) Soya beans/
Yogurt (preferably low fat)
Cheddar cheese, cottage cheese
Milk (low-fat, skimmed)
soybean curd

Bake beans ] avoid if you are


hyperuricemic
BE FREE TO HAVE SOME OF THESE WITH EACH MEAL
(IN MODERATION)
Bread Fresh fruits , eat 3 servings of fresh fruit per
Bread rolls day (1 serving=1/2 cup).
Crackers Rice, 1 serving per meal, preferably
Breakfast cereals (can be served with unpolished, steamed (1 serving=1 cup)
sugar substitute) Corn (as substitute for 1 serving of bread)
Peas (not advisable with hyperuricemic
patients)

Special notes:
1. Remember that even non-limited foods should be used in moderation.
2. Be sure to avoid animal fats and marbled meats, sweets and control the
amount of carbohydrates you eat (starchy foods such as flour, bread
potatoes).
3. While on oral hypoglycemic drugs or insulin or diabetic diet, be sure to also
avoid other food that may affect/ aggravate other medical conditions.
4. Consult your physician if you had any questions.
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DIET GUIDE FOR PATIENTS WITH DYSLIPIDEMIA OR


HIGH SERUM CHOLESTEROL LEVEL
(TAMANG PAGKAIN PARA SA PASYENTE NA MAY
MATAAS NA CHOLESTEROL SA DUGO)

FOOD FOODS TO EAT FOODS TO LIMIT


OR AVOID
Meats, fish Choose lean meats (chicken, Pork, bacon, sausage and other
turkey veal and non-fatty cuts of pork products; fatty fowl (duck,
beef with excess fat trimmed). goose); skin and fat of turkey and
(One serving 3 oz. cooked meat). chicken; processed meats;
Also, fresh or frozen fish and luncheon meats (salami, bologna);
canned fished packed in water. frankfurters and fast food
Meats and fish should be broiled hamburgers (they’re loaded with
(pan or oven) or baked on a rack. fat) organs meats (kidneys, liver);
canned fish packed in oil. Shellfish
(lobster, shrimp, crab, oysters)
should be used sparingly.
Eggs Egg whites (use freely). Egg yolks
(limit 3 per week) Limit egg yolks to 3 per week

Fruits Eat 3 servings of fresh fruit per Coconuts


day (1 serving=1/2 cup). Be sure
to have one citrus fruit daily.
Frozen /canned fruit with no sugar
or syrup added may be used.

Vegetables Most vegetables are not limited. Avoid avocados and olives.
One dark green (string beans, Starchy vegetables (potatoes,
escarole) or one deep-yellow corn, lima beans, dried peas and
(squash) vegetable is beans) may be used only if
recommended daily. Vegetables substitute for a serving of bread or
may be boiled, steamed, strained, cereal.
or braised with polyunsaturated
vegetable oil.

Beans Dried peas or beans Commercial baked beans with


(1serving=1/2 cup) may be used sugar and/or pork.
as bread substitute (precaution
should be taken if you are
hyperuricemic)

Nuts Pecan, walnuts and peanuts may Avoid nuts, limit pecans, walnuts
be used sparingly. and peanuts to one tablespoonful
1 serving=tablespoonful. per day.

Milk products Always use skim milk or skim milk Whole milk and whole-milk
product such as low-fat cheeses packaged goods; cream, ice
(farmers uncreamed cottage, cream; whole milk puddings;
mozzarella), low-fat yogurt, and yogurt or cheeses, nondairy cream
powdered skim milk. substitutes.

Dyslipidemia. . . . Continued
Desserts/ Limit to 2 servings per day; Fried snack foods like potato
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snacks substitute each serving for a chips, chocolate, candies in


bread/cereal serving; ice cream, general; jams, jellies syrups;
water sherbet (1/4 cup); whole milk puddings, ice cream
unflavored gelatin or gelatin and milk sherbets. Hydrogenated
flavored with sugar substitute (1/3 peanut butter.
cup); pudding prepared with skim
milk (1/2 cup); egg whites soufflés;
unbuttered popcorn (1 1/2 cups)

Breads, grains One roll or one slice of whole- Any baked goods with shortening
grain or enriched bread may be and/or sugar. Commercial mixes
used or 3 soda crackers or 4 with dried eggs and whole milk.
pieces of melba toast as a Avoid sweet rolls doughnuts and
substitute. Spaghetti, rice, or breakfast pastries (Danish).
noodles (1/2 cup) or 1/2 large ear
of corn may be used as bread
substitute. In preparing this foods,
do not use butter or shortening;
use soft margarine. Also use egg
and sugar substitutes.

Cereals Use 1/2 cup of hot unsalted cereal


or 3/4 cup cold unsalted cereal per
day. Add a sugar substitute if
desired; unsalted noodles and
sotanghon and bihon.
Fat, oils Butter, saturated fats (olive,
Soft margarine and peanuts and coconut oil), lard,
polyunsaturated vegetable oil solid margarine, commercial salad
derived from soybean, sunflower, dressings, gravies, bacon
corn, or sesame seeds. drippings, cream sauces

Beverages Fresh fruit juices (limit 4 oz. per Sugared fruit juices and soft
day); black coffee or herbal teas; drinks; cocoa made with whole
soft drinks with sugar substitute; milk and sugar. When using
club soda, preferably salt free; alcohol (1 oz. Liquor, 5 oz. Beer,
cocoa made with skim milk or non- or 1/2 oz. dry table wine) per
fat dried milk and water (sugar serving must be substituted for
substitute added if desired) one bread or cereal serving (limit
Alcohol; limit two servings per day. two serving of alcohol per day)

Miscellaneous You may use the following freely; Baking powder, baking soda,
Vinegar, calamansi juice, spices, sodium bicarbonate, lye,
herbs, non-fat bouillon, mustard, commercial sauces like
flavoring essence, caraway, Worcestershire sauce, soy sauce,
cinnamon, curry powder, garlic mustard, prepared horse radish,
onion, ginger herbs, horseradish bagoong, patis, toyo, commercial
(fresh grated), lemon juice seasonings like onion, salt, garlic,
extracts, mace, dry mustard, celery; Rennet tablets, bouillon or
nutmeg, paprika, parsley, sage canned olives, pickles, relishes,
saccharine, thyme, turmeric, salted meat extracts brine, tausi,
pepper (black & white); sweeteners, and medicine
containing sodium

SODIUM RESTRICTED DIET


(PAGKAING MABABA ANG ASIN)
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Description
These diets have varying levels of sodium that are lower than the usual sodium
content of the regular diet which is approximately 2800 to 6000 mg or the equivalent
7 to 15 grams of sodium chloride. The sodium in the regular diet comes mainly from
table salt, although appreciable amounts may come from the natural sodium content
of foods. Thus, sodium-restricted diets limit the use, not only of table salt, but also
of foods naturally high in sodium. The diet follows the daily food plan of the regular
diet, but the foods allowed are those low in sodium. No salt is used in the
preparation and service of meals.

Indications for Use


Conditions of sodium or saline excess as in:
Congestive heart failure with edema or Nephrotic syndrome
hypertension
Liver disease with ascites Acute and chronic renal failure
Glomerulonephritis

Foods Allowed and Avoided or Restricted

FOOD ALLOWED AVOIDED


Soups Plain broths and soups, (from Canned soups, bouillon cubes and
allowed extracts); foods with no meat.
added salt.

Protein-rich Egg limited to one daily (3x/week): Canned, frozen, salted, cured,
foods unsalted meats, fish, poultry, smoked or processed meats, fish
clams, shrimps, other shellfishes and poultry and those containing
in allowed amounts; low-sodium sodium, regular cheese, peanut
dietetic peanut butter and cheese. butter and salted pickled eggs.

Vegetables All fresh vegetables and those Canned or frozen processed


canned without salt; carrots and vegetables except dietic packs or
celery without salt when used those frozen without salt, fresh
sparingly. dampalit, spinach., Kinchay,
olasiman, mustard and beets;
avocado

Fruits Fresh, canned, dried or frozen Artificially colored juice, glazed or


fruits or juice if no sodium candied fruits; maraschino
benzoate or sulfate has been cherries; coconut. Dried or frozen
added and in allowed amount. fruits to which salt, sulfities, and
other additives containing sodium
has been added.

Fat Unsalted lean meat, oil spreads, Drippings from bacon, ham, salted
nuts, margarine not butter in pork, and other salted meats;
allowed amounts chicharon, margarine and butter in
excessive amounts, commercial
salad dressing, salted nuts and
olives.

Sodium Restricted diet . . . . Continued


Beverages Salabat, coffee and tea 1 Dutch-processed cocoa, drinking
cup/day), and low fat milk in water containing high salt
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measured amounts; dialyzed milk concentration; commercial


beverages made of milk as milk
shakes and chocolate milks.

Cereals Pan de sal and sliced bread in Bread or rolls with baking soda,
allowed amounts; breads and rolls baking powder, salt and sodium
made with potassium bicarbonate; containing additives; commercial
1/2 cup hot and 3/4 cup cold mixes, quick cooking and dry
cooked and unsalted cereals like cereals like miki, miswa, mami,
harina, oatmeal; shredded/puffed canton, suman sa lihiya, cuchinta,
wheat/rice (1 cup/serving 3x/day); puto; self-rising flour, potato chips,
other unsalted noodles and pretzels, popcorns, crackers,
sotanghon or bihon. cookies, etc. unless especially
prepared to be low in sodium.

Dessert Limit to 2 servings per day; Commercial candies; pudding


substitute each serving for a mixes.
bread/cereal serving; ice cream,
water sherbet (1/4 cup);
unflavored gelatin or gelatin
flavored with sugar substitute (1/3
cup); pudding prepared with skim
milk (1/2 cup); egg whites soufflés;
unbuttered popcorn (1 1/2 cups)
(not advisable in patients with
diabetes)

Miscellaneous Allowed seasoning; all spice, Baking powder, baking soda,


caraway, cinnamon, curry powder, sodium bicarbonate, lye;
garlic, onion, ginger, herbs, commercial sauces like
horseradish (fresh grated), lemon Worcestershire sauce, mustard,
juice or extracts, mace, dry prepared horseradish, bagoong,
mustard, nutmeg, paprika, patis, toyo, commercial
parsley, peppermint extracts, seasonings like onion, salt, garlic,
sage, saccharine, thyme, turmeric, celery; Rennet tablets, bouillon or
vanilla extract, pepper (black, red canned olives, pickles, relishes,
or white); vinegar calamansi juice. salted meat extracts brine, tausi,
sweeteners and medicines
containing sodium

Special notes:
1. Remember that even non-limited foods should be used in moderation.
2. While in salt-restricted diet, be sure to avoid other food that may affect/
aggravate other medical conditions.
3. While on cholesterol-lowering diet, be sure to avoid animal fats and marbled
meats.
4. While in triglyceride- lowering diet, be sure to avoid sweets and to control the
amount of carbohydrates you eat (starchy foods such as flour, bread
potatoes)
5. Consult your physician if you had any questions.