Fan Coil Units

Students: Leonte Bogdan Tudose Cosmin 4th year

-Grid with fixed wings. and industrial buildings. fan coil units are more economic to install than ducted or central heating systems with air handling units. Typically a fan coil unit is not connected to ductwork. and is used to control the temperature in the space where it is installed. Unit configurations are numerous including horizontal (ceiling mounted) or vertical (floor mounted).: cataforeza) or plastic with outstanding mechanical properties and resistance to aging (eg. outer element. -Inner self-supporting structure. However. -Battery for heat exchangers (one or two) for cooling / heating air. -Air filter. or serve multiple spaces. type armaflex). made in most cases. Description of the equipment: The fan coil unit is. in essence. It is part of an HVAC system found in residential. painted by advanced technological processes (eg.: Polyurethane). according to plant size. provided with aluminum fins. usually executed in one or more coils (lines) of copper pipe. a unit of the interior of our house. for blowing air to the air-conditioned room.: ABS). is equipped with one or more water coolers. with reversibility in two positions (blowing towards the room or the window). Fan coils consist of the following parts: -Housing. Due to their simplicity. commercial. which . on which other elements are placed. from a special plastic material (eg. usually comprising of two side panels and rear insulated soundproofing materials (eg. of a system that.: Plastic foam. It is controlled either by a manual on/off switch or by thermostat.A fan coil unit (FCU) is a simple device consisting of a heating or cooling coil and fan. made of composite materials. they can be noisy because the fan is within the same space. made of galvanized. outside the building.

-Automation system. grids. the rotor is balanced. under window or wall. -Drip tray. domestic animals. which enables the desired microclimate (temperature and thus controlled indoor humidity).retains the impurities in the air (dust. termed by specialists as gravimetric efficiency up to 90%. tangential type (quieter) or centrifugal. lint brushes. for vertical mounting. etc. aluminum rotor.. . etc. -Fan. -Support legs (optional. an important element of the device that collects water vapor from the treated air for to be evacuated outside the home. and through special devices used for the introduction or extraction of air (anemostates.) with a degree of restraint .. usually in the fake ceiling of the room.) Note that the existence of appropriate housing can contribute to a significant impact on the architectural environment "care" of the room.). both statically and dynamically. normally providing the circulation of the air in the room through the machine to be cooled or heated. being mounted directly on spindle of the electric motor. At the same time note that no case fan exist and are mounted. the connection between the room and the device is made with the help of special insulated flexible pipes.

when the airflow is less "powerful" and a temperature closer to that of room. stuck to the ceiling of the room.Installation location Fan coil is mounted according to their structural features. As for fan coil without housing. worse. by covering the entire ceiling. as well as vertically. Thus. fan coil casing is mounted vertically against a curtain wall (obviously made of glass).by creating at least two openings. behind special items created by the architect. from top to bottom. the fan coil occupies an optimal space. under a window or near a brick wall (regardless of the material used). the masking element of the fan coil must ensure proper circulation of the ³treated´ air . making a return to the occupants themselves. they can be mounted both horizontally in the space between the ceiling and concrete floor of the room. on the opposite wall. one on top and another at the bottom of the fan coil assembly .masking element. who wishes thus to obtain a less "tech" surroundings. creates possible air currents produced by the device. There are cases where fan coil with casing can be mounted visibly in a horizontal position. placed under the window. high enough. and the room configuration does not allow a new location. The place of assembly of the fan coil is very important because it avoids or. the cold or hot air outlet being made vertically to the ceiling. in this situation arises when one has no false ceiling. In the latter case. Air circulation is extended in this way. Typically. . where normally mounted central heating radiator.

. . Here are a few: .The creation of a special aesthetic. Please note that in the summer. thus being cooled (summer) or heated (winter). . .Step 5: the air leaves the fan coil through the grid entering the room. its relative humidity decreased to normal values (around 50% ).Step 4: the treated air roams the fan coil. in winter. meaning that the fan coil extracts part of the water vapor it contains in excess. .The possibility of using the same equipment for cooling in the summer and heating (up to the harshest temperatures).Step 2: Then it is passed through the frame that contains the filter element.Operation The fan coil unit works as follows: .Step 1: The air is sucked from the room by the fan through the bottom slot provided with protective grid. which can provide comfort to the occupants. . being pent or expired by the device. when passing through the cooling battery the air in the room is "dehumidified". .Easy accessibility.Step 3: the air roams the finned battery. The advantages of fan coil: The reasons that led to the construction of these devices relate to certain operational advantages and / or maintenance. coupled with high efficiency.

. horizontal or vertical. Depending on area of use (heating or heating / cooling). models with housing are provided with adjustable ABS grilles and side door to access the control panel. having at least 10 steps between 7000 BTU / h (2. protected with PVC film (this film is very important protection for keeping product integrity during transportation and installation). control valves and balancing valves.000 BTU / h (8. * Air Flow: 136 ÷ 2003 m3 / h. Study Case: For a better understanding of the fan coil unit a case study is made on the EDEN brand.05 kW cold) and 30. Additionally a number of accessories are available: different water heat exchangers with different capacities and loss of pressure. For usage they are designed for systems with 2 or 4 pipes (heating. plenumuri. thermally insulated. depending on the producing company. cooling and heating respectively). automation. WIND Centrifugal Fan: with a simple and attractive design. * Heating capacity (50 °): 0.01. . Centrifugal fan coil can be: with housing or without housing. The fan coils with housing are made of galvanized sheet outer casing hot pre-painted.75 kW.14 kW.Wide range of cooling power.67 kW ÷ 11.. they can be equipped with one or two heat exchangers made of copper pipe and provided with aluminum fins.85 ÷ 14.45 ÷ 23.80 kW cold). grilles. The basic structure is made of galvanized sheet steel. Specifications: * Cooling capacity: 0.Easy maintenance. fan coil in the range are available in twelve sizes and nine constructive versions. * Heating capacity (70 °): 1.

which give them the advantage of maximizing the available space. designed for 2 pipe installations.BABY WIND Centrifugal Fan: are available in five sizes and three constructive versions (all of them having housing).51 ÷ 9. * Air Flow: 268 ÷ 843 m3 / h. The main feature of models BABY WIND is the low height (up to 350 mm). Specifications: * Cooling capacity: 0. .45 ÷ 5.54.63 kW. From the construction point of view are similar to the WIND fan coil range.74 kW ÷ 4.37 kW. * Heating capacity (50 °): 1. * Heating capacity (70 °): 2.

15 ÷ 5. Installing this fan is very easy and fast.FLAT Centrifugal Fan (157-170 mm): are available in three sizes and nine constructive versions for systems with two or four pipes. making them ideal for use in residential area. The basic structure is made of galvanized steel. Fan box (box ceiling) SCNE-HCEN: available in sixteen sizes and can be used in installations with two or four pipes with remote control or wall thermostat. they are provided with four supports for fixing each corner individually.66. * Air Flow: 182 ÷ 453 m3 / h.25 ÷ 3. * Heating capacity (70 °): 2. * Heating capacity (50 °): 1. Both versions constructive .68 kW. Specifications: * Cooling capacity: 0.96 kW ÷ 2.35 kW.60x60 (SCNE) and 90x90 (HCEN) can be connected to the fire of fresh air. Thermo-acoustic insulation is made of polystyrene. . The particularity of the models is given by the reduced width (157-170 mm).

Fan for high air flow duct FCC-FCV: Two versions are available in seven sizes and installation.Specifications: * Cooling capacity: 1. FCC units are used in centralized air conditioning systems (with flows from 700 to 10.000 m3 / h).30 ÷ 60. Specifications: * Cooling capacity: 3. * Heating capacity (70 °): 100.81 kW ÷ 7. 5 or 6 rows).09 kW ÷ 10. for installations with two or four pipes. * Heating capacity (50 °): 4. * Heating capacity (70 °): 2.50.00 kW. The basic structure of the FCC unit is made of galvanized steel and heat exchanger is made of copper pipe and aluminum with fins (3.20 kW ÷ 50. * Air Flow: 678 ÷ 9250 m3 / h.10 kW.89 kW. * Air Flow: 255 ÷ 1274 m3 / h. offices. Wide range of mounting accessories provide various opportunities in any environment: residential. * Heating capacity (50 °): 1.60. . 4.24. shops.59 ÷ 19.55 ÷ 12.

" Mounted in place of conventional radiators. fan coils are used with equal success and heating and cooling. The existence of a single heat distribution network has both economic and aesthetic benefits for the home. Central heating boiler. the operation of a water transport network in a home does not raise special problems for . The cold air plant(device.Conclusions It is important to say from the beginning that the use of fan coil is the number one choice for heating individual houses. used in summer. Finally. can be connected in winter through simple maneuvers and devices on the same cold water distribution system. installed in the boiler. type "standard" or "house. chiller) remains in the form of a chiller (water cooler) that can be maintained without disturbing the housing. System uses water as a heat fan. in all cases.

by companies specializing in exploiting these sturdy cold-generating equipment. specialized service for the water cooler can be done periodically. fan coil systems are more than satisfactory tools for individual homes that need a degree of comfort. .the local technical environment that has enough experience in the field. Designed and conducted professionally. Also.

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