Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) Dictionary of Occupations

From Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program

CLASSIFICATION GUIDELINES
1. The OES survey classification covers all employed persons and owners of incorporated firms. It excludes unpaid family workers, owners of unincorporated firms, and occupations unique to volunteers. Each occupation is assigned to only one occupation at the lowest level of the classification. Occupations are classified based upon work performed, and skills, education, training, and credentials required for the job. Supervisors of professional and technical workers usually have a background similar to the workers they supervise, and are therefore classified with the workers they supervise. Likewise, team leaders, lead workers, and supervisors of production, sales, and service workers who spend at least 20 percent of their time performing work similar to the workers they supervise are classified with the workers they supervise. First-line managers and supervisors of production, service, and sales workers who spend more than 80 percent of their time performing supervisory activities are classified separately in the appropriate supervisor category, since their work activities are distinct from those of the workers they supervise. First-line managers are generally found in smaller establishments where they perform both supervisory and management functions, such as accounting, marketing, and personnel work. Apprentices and trainees should be classified with the occupations for which they are being trained, while helpers and aides should be classified separately. If an occupation is not included as a distinct detailed occupation in the structure, it is classified in the appropriate residual occupation. Residual occupations contain all occupations within a major, minor, or broad group that are not classified separately. When workers may be classified in more than one occupation, they should be classified in the occupation that requires the highest level of skill. If there is no measurable difference in skill requirements, workers are included in the occupation they spend the most time.

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EXAMPLE OF DICTIONARY ENTRY

Legal Occupations
Lawyers, Judges, and Related Workers
cupation Code rnate Titles e Examples

Major Group Header

Minor Group Header

Occupation Title 23-1011 Lawyers (District Attorney, Public Defender) Represent clients in criminal and civil litigation and other legal proceedings, draw up legal documents, and manage or advise clients on legal transactions. May specialize in a single area or may practice broadly in many areas of law. Illustrative Examples: Attorney; Real Estate Attorney; Corporate Counsel

Definition

Please note that the Alternate Titles and the Illustrative Examples are both derived from the Associated Titles database. The Associated Titles database is an extensive list of job titles which have been collected by the BLS and the Census Bureau. Within each detailed SOC occupation, there may be many Associated Titles. All Associated Titles apply equally to the occupation to which they are assigned, whether they are used as an Alternate Title, Illustrative Example, or not used at all in the OES dictionary. The Alternate Titles are industry- specific, therefore, a given Alternate Title will not appear on every OES survey form. The Illustrative Examples appear only in the SOC Manual and do not appear on the OES survey forms.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Occupation Codes

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Management Occupations....................................................................(11-xxxx) Business and Financial Operations Occupations .................................(13-xxxx) Computer and Mathematical Occupations ...........................................(15-xxxx) Architecture and Engineering Occupations..........................................(17-xxxx) Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations ..................................(19-xxxx) Community and Social Services Occupations .....................................(21-xxxx) Legal Occupations ................................................................................(23-xxxx) Education, Training, and Library Occupations ....................................(25-xxxx) Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations.............(27-xxxx) Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations ...........................(29-xxxx) Healthcare Support Occupations ..........................................................(31-xxxx) Protective Service Occupations............................................................(33-xxxx) Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations............................(35-xxxx) Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations .........(37-xxxx) Personal Care and Service Occupations ...............................................(39-xxxx) Sales and Related Occupations ............................................................(41-xxxx) Office and Administrative Support Occupations .................................(43-xxxx) Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations .......................................(45-xxxx) Construction and Extraction Occupations............................................(47-xxxx) Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations .............................(49-xxxx) Production Occupations .......................................................................(51-xxxx) Transportation and Material Moving Occupations ..............................(53-xxxx)

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MANAGEMENT OCCUPATIONS 11-1011 Chief Executives (County Commissioner) Determine and formulate policies and provide the overall direction of companies or private and public sector organizations within the guidelines set up by a board of directors or similar governing body. Plan, direct, or coordinate operational activities at the highest level of management with the help of subordinate executives and staff managers. Illustrative Examples: Board Member; Chief Operating Officer; President 11-1021 General and Operations Managers (Park Superintendent) Plan, direct, or coordinate the operations of companies or public and private sector organizations. Duties and responsibilities include formulating policies, managing daily operations, and planning the use of materials and human resources, but are too diverse and general in nature to be classified in any one functional area of management or administration, such as personnel, purchasing, or administrative services. Include owners and managers who head small business establishments whose duties are primarily managerial. Exclude "First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers" (41-1011) and workers in other small establishments. Illustrative Examples: Industrial Organization Manager; District Manager; Department Store General Manager 11-1031 Legislators (Council Member) Develop laws and statutes at the Federal, State, or local level. Include only elected officials. Illustrative Examples: Representative; Senator 11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers (Media Director) Plan and direct advertising policies and programs or produce collateral materials, such as posters, contests, coupons, or give-aways, to create extra interest in the purchase of a product or service for a department, an entire organization, or on an account basis. Illustrative Examples: Campaign Director; Circulation Director 11-2021 Marketing Managers Determine the demand for products and services offered by a firm and its competitors and identify potential customers. Develop pricing strategies with the goal of maximizing the firm's profits or share of the market while ensuring the firm's customers are satisfied. Oversee product development or monitor trends that indicate the need for new products and services. Illustrative Examples: Fashion Coordinator; Marketing Director 11-2022 Sales Managers (Customer Service Manager) Direct the actual distribution or movement of a product or service to the customer. Coordinate sales distribution by establishing sales territories, quotas, and goals and establish training programs for sales representatives. Analyze sales statistics gathered by staff to determine sales potential and inventory requirements and monitor the preferences of customers. Illustrative Examples: Director of Sales; Export Manager; Regional Sales Manager 11-2031 Public Relations Managers Plan and direct public relations programs designed to create and maintain a favorable public image for employer or client; or if engaged in fundraising, plan

and direct activities to solicit and maintain funds for special projects and nonprofit organizations. Illustrative Examples: Fundraising Director; Public Information Director; Publicity Director 11-3011 Administrative Services Managers (Facilities Manager) Plan, direct, or coordinate supportive services of an organization, such as recordkeeping, mail distribution, telephone operator/receptionist, and other office support services. May oversee facilities planning and maintenance and custodial operations. Exclude "Purchasing Managers" (11-3061). Illustrative Example: Space Officer 11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers (Data Processing Manager) Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as electronic data processing, information systems, systems analysis, and computer programming. Exclude "Computer Specialists" (15-1011 through 15-1099). Illustrative Examples: Computer Programming Manager; Data Systems Manager 11-3031 Financial Managers (City Controller, Controller, County Treasurer) Plan, direct, and coordinate accounting, investing, banking, insurance, securities, and other financial activities of a branch, office, or department of an establishment. Illustrative Examples: Bank Director; Comptroller; Budget Director 11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate compensation and benefits activities and staff of an organization. Include job analysis and position description managers. Illustrative Examples: Employee Benefits Director; Job Analysis Manager; Wage and Salary Administrator 11-3042 Training and Development Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate the training and development activities and staff of an organization. Illustrative Examples: Efficiency Manager; Education and Training Manager; Training Director 11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other All Human Resources Managers not listed separately. Illustrative Examples: Director of Industrial Relations; Employee Wellness/Fitness Coordinator; Personnel Director 11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (Quality Control Manager) Plan, direct, or coordinate the work activities and resources necessary for manufacturing products in accordance with cost, quality, and quantity specifications. Illustrative Examples: Factory Superintendent; Plant Manager 11-3061 Purchasing Managers (Procurement Manager) Plan, direct, or coordinate the activities of buyers, purchasing officers, and related workers involved in purchasing materials, products, and services. Include wholesale or retail trade merchandising managers and procurement managers. Illustrative Examples: Director of Purchasing; Merchandise Manager 11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers (Airport Manager, Logistics Manager) Plan, direct, or coordinate transportation, storage, or distribution

activities in accordance with governmental policies and regulations. Include logistics managers. Illustrative Examples: Schedule Planning Manager; Warehouse Manager 11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers (Nursery and Greenhouse Manager) On a paid basis, manage farms, ranches, aquacultural operations, greenhouses, nurseries, timber tracts, cotton gins, packing houses, or other agricultural establishments for employers. Carry out production, financial, and marketing decisions relating to the managed operations following guidelines from the owner. May contract tenant farmers or producers to carry out the day-to-day activities of the managed operation. May supervise planting, cultivating, harvesting, and marketing activities. May prepare cost, production, and other records. May perform physical work and operate machinery. Illustrative Examples: Fruit Grower; Farm Livestock Manager 11-9012 Farmers and Ranchers On an ownership or rental basis, operate farms, ranches, greenhouses, nurseries, timber tracts, or other agricultural production establishments which produce crops, horticultural specialties, livestock, poultry, finfish, shellfish, or animal specialties. Include operators of cotton gins, packing houses, and other post-harvest operations. May plant, cultivate, harvest, perform post-harvest activities, and market crops and livestock; may hire, train, and supervise farm workers or supervise a farm labor contractor; may prepare cost, production, and other records. May maintain and operate machinery and perform physical work. Illustrative Examples: Beekeeper; Dairy Farmer; Tobacco Grower 11-9021 Construction Managers (General Contractor) Plan, direct, coordinate, or budget, usually through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities concerned with the construction and maintenance of structures, facilities, and systems. Participate in the conceptual development of a construction project and oversee its organization, scheduling, and implementation. Include specialized construction fields, such as carpentry or plumbing. Include general superintendents, project managers, and constructors who manage, coordinate, and supervise the construction process. Illustrative Examples: Masonry Contractor Administrator; Developer 11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program Plan, direct, or coordinate the academic and nonacademic activities of preschool and child care centers or programs. Exclude "Preschool Teachers" (25-2011). Illustrative Examples: Director of Child Care Center; Head Start Director 11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School (School Principal) Plan, direct, or coordinate the academic, clerical, or auxiliary activities of public or private elementary or secondary level schools. Illustrative Examples: Director of Physical Education; Curriculum Director 11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary (Dean, Registrar) Plan, direct, or coordinate research, instructional, student administration and services, and other educational activities at

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Public Health Administrator 11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers Plan. Director of Casework Services 11-9199 Managers. Benefits. and supportive services of a U. Undertaker 11-9071 Gaming Managers (Casino Manager) Plan. and Athletes Represent and promote artists. and Revenue Agents" (13-2081) and "Financial Examiners" (13-2061). procuring official for religious rites. program requirements. and Job Analysis Specialists Conduct programs of compensation and benefits and job analysis for employer. Illustrative Examples: Director of Housing. Health Education Director 11-9041 Engineering Managers Plan. or coordinate the activities of a social service program or community outreach organization. direct. All Other All education administrators not listed separately. Collectors. tools. public health agencies. Illustrative Examples: Truant Officer. such as coordinating transportation of body to mortuary for embalming. direct. or coordinate activities in such fields as life sciences. purchasers. Illustrative Examples: Child Welfare Director. for resale to consumers at the wholesale or retail level. Personnel Recruiter. direct. Purchase raw or semi-finished materials for manufacturing. Except Farm Products" (13-1022). Innkeeper 11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers Plan. and Community Association Managers (Apartment Manager) Plan. Illustrative Examples: Fuel Buyer. Except Wholesale. organize. hazardous materials spills) disasters or hostage situations. and tobacco buyers. or similar organizations. other than farm products. Trailer Park Manager 11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers (Public Welfare Director. price analysts.g. colleges. and Placement Specialists Recruit and place workers. grain buyers. Illustrative Examples: Cotton Broker. counselors. price. or technological (e. All Other All managers not listed separately. May conduct meetings with sales personnel and introduce new products. or coordinate activities of workers engaged in postal and related work in assigned post office. Technical Director 11-9051 Food Service Managers Plan. leasing. equipment. and Transportation (Coroner) Examine. and investigate eligibility for or conformity with laws and regulations governing contract compliance of licenses and permits. hurricanes. nuclear power plant emergencies. Retail. Illustrative Example: Director of Civil Defense 13-1071 Employment. and other compliance and enforcement inspection activities not classified elsewhere. and athletes to prospective employers. Formulate gaming policies for their area of responsibility. parts. or governance activities of commercial. including both durable and nondurable goods. Real Estate. interviewing family or other authorized person to arrange details. 11-9141 Property. Illustrative Examples: Banquet Director. Publisher. Include Christmas tree contractors. Workforce Development Specialist. Wage Conciliator 13-1073 Training and Development Specialists Conduct training and development programs for employees. Construction. buying.postsecondary institutions. Include assistant buyers. including universities. Volunteer Services Manager) Plan.. Except Farm Products Buy merchandise or commodities. May handle contract negotiation and other business matters for clients. sales records. Farm Products" (13-1021) and "Wholesale and Retail Buyers. physical sciences. performers. and providing transportation for mourners. Director of Vocational Training.S. field contractors. Arson Investigator. Youth Program Director. control. Exclude "Natural Sciences Managers" (11-9121). and research and development in these fields. Farm Products Purchase farm products either for further processing or resale. and Farm Products Purchase machinery. Illustrative Examples: Construction Estimator. Illustrative Examples: Geophysical Manager. Wildlife Manager 11-9131 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents Direct and coordinate operational. Include managers of homeowner and condominium associations. Illustrative Examples: Director of Extension Work. or coordinate selling. Illustrative Examples: Director of Occupational Therapy. Illustrative Examples: Funeral Home Manager. Claims Agent 13-1032 Insurance Appraisers. floods. Health and Safety. Boxing Promoter.. Safety Director. Supervisor. Crating and Moving Estimator. Job Estimator 13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists (Public Safety Director) Coordinate disaster response or crisis management activities. provide disaster preparedness training. Performers. and Investigators (Insurance Appraiser) Review settled claims to determine that payments and settlements have been made in accordance with company practices and procedures. Except Agriculture. or services necessary for the operation of an establishment. statistics. Communications Manager BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL OPERATIONS OCCUPATIONS 13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists. selecting pallbearers. wartime. underpayments. Oversee the program or organization's budget and policies regarding participant involvement. Include contract specialists. or coordinate activities of an organization or department that serves food and beverages. ensuring that proper methods have been followed. Catering Manager 11-9061 Funeral Directors (Mortician) Perform various tasks to arrange and direct funeral services. Research and Development Director. and other irregularities. Relocation Director. or land (including rights-of-way). rented or leased housing units. Training Personnel 3 . or services to aid management in bidding on or determining price of product or service. managed care organizations. direct. Auto Damage Appraise automobile or other vehicle damage to determine cost of repair for insurance claim settlement and seek agreement with automotive repair shop on cost of repair. mathematics. Illustrative Example: Director of Student Affairs 11-9039 Education Administrators. Illustrative Examples: Blackjack Manager. Radio Time Buyer 13-1031 Claims Adjusters. organize. Examiners. evaluate. direct. industrial. Medical Records Administrator. Illustrative Examples: Condominium Association Manager. or probation officers. and quality of merchandise to determine value and yield. Tobacco Buyer 13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers. or coordinate gaming operations in a casino. Work may involve directing social workers. Confer with legal counsel on claims requiring litigation. Illustrative Example: Auto Damage Estimator 13-1041 Compliance Officers. Exclude "Engineering Managers" (11-9041) and "Computer and Information Systems Managers" (11-3021). Illustrative Examples: Employment Interviewer. Exclude "Tax Examiners. administrative. and media buyers. Report overpayments. Prepare insurance forms to indicate repair cost or cost estimates and recommendations. Livestock Buyer. post office. Wholesale Jobber 13-1023 Purchasing Agents. grain brokers and market operators. and authorize payment for merchandise according to contractual agreements. Illustrative Examples: Booking Agent. supplies. clinics. Select. and benefits. such as position classification and pension programs. direct. Recruitment. Inspector of Weights and Measures 13-1051 Cost Estimators Prepare cost estimates for product manufacturing. buildings. May specialize according to particular service performed or type of product manufactured. earthquakes). Illustrative Examples: Importer. and junior and community colleges. or residential real estate properties. Lumber Buyer.g. Illustrative Examples: City Clerk. direct. or coordinate medicine and health services in hospitals. Placement Assistant 13-1072 Compensation. Theatrical Agent 13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers. Exclude "Purchasing Agents and Buyers. Exclude "Food Service Managers" (11-9051) in lodging establishments. Restaurant Manager. Illustrative Examples: Occupational Analyst. construction projects. management. Illustrative Examples: Engineering Research Manager. Illustrative Examples: Health Insurance Adjuster. or coordinate activities of an organization or department that provides lodging and other accommodations. May specialize in specific areas. tooling coordinators. or coordinate activities in such fields as architecture and engineering or research and development in these fields. Merchandiser. Dice Manager 11-9081 Lodging Managers (Hotel Manager) Plan. order. Analyze past buying trends. and prepare emergency plans and procedures for natural (e. Illustrative Examples: Training Coordinator.

collection analysts. designers. Applications. Tax Specialist 13-2099 Financial Specialists. analyze. Systems Software Research. Tax Accountant 13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate Appraise real property to determine its fair value. R&D" (17-2063). Logistics Planner 13-1111 Management Analysts (Business Consultant. and retrieve specific documents. Apply principles and techniques of computer science. Securities Consultant 13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors (Estate Planner) Advise clients on financial plans utilizing knowledge of tax and investment strategies. business. Mortgage Consultant 13-2081 Tax Examiners. industrial. Illustrative Examples: Applications Developer. design. Applications. Executor of Estate. aerospace. Illustrative Example: Industrial Analyst. and general computing applications. and modify general computer applications software or specialized utility programs. Research Conduct research into fundamental computer and information science as theorists. Analyze budgeting and accounting reports for the purpose of maintaining expenditure controls. locate. Tax Auditor 13-2082 Tax Preparers Prepare tax returns for individuals or small businesses but do not have the background or responsibilities of an accredited or certified public accountant. compilers. Develop and write computer programs to store. or inventors. and prepare operations and procedures manuals to assist management in operating more efficiently and effectively. and final disposal of resources. Illustrative Examples: Loan Reviewer. Collectors. and conformance with procedures and regulations. Analyze user needs and develop software solutions. Illustrative Examples: Bail Bondsman. Property Evaluator 13-2031 Budget Analysts Examine budget estimates for completeness. Illustrative Examples: Computer Programmer Aide. securities. Set operational specifications and formulate and analyze software requirements. create. insurance coverage. Illustrative Examples: Budget Counselor. training. and real estate. May program web sites. design systems and procedures. Price Analyst 13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners Coordinate activities of staff and convention personnel to make arrangements for group meetings and conventions. working individually or coordinating database development as part of a team. Solve or develop solutions to problems in the field of computer hardware and software. and Labor Relations Specialists. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers. Design software or customize software for client use with the aim of optimizing operational efficiency. Responsible for the entire life cycle of a product. Financial Planner 13-2053 Insurance Underwriters Review individual applications for insurance to evaluate degree of risk involved and determine acceptance of applications. Insurance Analyst 13-2061 Financial Examiners Enforce or ensure compliance with laws and regulations governing financial and securities institutions and financial and real estate transactions. Applications. Training. Programmer Analyst.13-1079 Human Resources. Include program analysts and management consultants. Exclude "Computer Systems Analysts" (15-1051) and "Operations Research Analysts" (15-2031). Escrow Representative. Illustrative Examples: Bank Examiner. Escrow Officer. Applications Develop. Develop and write computer programs to store. Non-R&D Develop. May program web sites. Foreign Exchange Trader COMPUTER AND MATHEMATICAL OCCUPATIONS 15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists. delivery. accuracy. Fiscal Agent. cash flow. Revenue Agent. Liaison Officer. Include mortgage loan officers and agents. Install or advise on systems of recording costs or other financial and budgetary data. real estate. and retrieve specific documents. Systems Programmer 15-1022 Computer Programmers. verify correctness of. or credit loans. Illustrative Examples: Bond Analyst. Illustrative Examples: Building Appraiser. Illustrative Examples: Grant Coordinator. communications. loan servicing officers. conduct work simplifications and measurement studies. Duties include assessing clients' assets. Logistics Analyst. Illustrative Examples: Bond Underwriter. R&D These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Computer Software Engineers. develop. Mainframe Programmer. and labor relations specialists not listed separately. Illustrative Examples: Tax Investigator. data. Pension Examiner 13-2071 Loan Counselors (Credit Counselor) Provide guidance to prospective loan applicants who have problems qualifying for traditional loans. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers" (17-2061). Illustrative Examples: Certified Public Accountant. 15-1023 Computer Programmers. 15-1021 Computer Programmers Convert project specifications and statements of problems and procedures to detailed logical flow charts for coding into computer language. Illustrative Example: EDP Systems Engineer 15-1034 Computer Software Engineers. Illustrative Examples: Income Tax Advisor. Conference Service Coordinator. insurance. All Other All financial specialists not listed separately. Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator. scientific. Fiscal Officer 13-2041 Credit Analysts Analyze current credit data and financial statements of individuals or firms to determine the degree of risk involved in extending credit or lending money. May examine. including acquisition. Illustrative Examples: Farm Mortgage Agent. Investment Analyst. Advise borrowers on financial status and methods of payments. Illustrative Examples: Personnel Arbitrator. County Assessor. Software Designer 15-1032 Computer Software Engineers. data. Payroll Examiner. Convention Manager 13-1199 Business Operations Specialists. and mathematical analysis. and financial objectives to establish investment strategies. military. Prepare reports with this credit information for use in decision-making. and Revenue Agents Determine tax liability or collect taxes from individuals or business firms according to prescribed laws and regulations. create. 15-1031 Computer Software Engineers. Employee Relations Specialist 13-1081 Logisticians Analyze and coordinate the logistical functions of a firm or organization. Purser 13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (Bursar) Examine. Illustrative Examples: Conference Planner. Design software or customize software for client use with the aim of optimizing operational efficiency. Factorer 13-2051 Financial Analysts Conduct quantitative analyses of information affecting investment programs of public or private institutions. 15-1035 Computer Software Engineers. and information. All Other All business operations specialists not listed separately. and interpret accounting records for the purpose of giving advice or preparing statements. pension plans. engineering. Illustrative Examples: Logistics Engineer. R&D These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to computer programming. tax status. and modify general computer applications software or specialized utility programs. May assess taxes in accordance with prescribed schedules. Analyze user needs and develop software solutions. All Other All human resources. distribution. locate. authorize. Guidance may include determining the best type of loan and explaining loan requirements or restrictions. Financial Aid Counselor 13-2072 Loan Officers (Loan Examiner) Evaluate. Non R&D Convert project specifications and statements of problems and procedures to detailed logical flow charts for coding into computer language. and information. or establish authenticity of records. and loan underwriters. or recommend approval of commercial. internal allocation. 4 . Income Tax Consultant. and test operating systems-level software. Program Analyst) Conduct organizational studies and evaluations. liabilities. May analyze and design databases within an application area. and network distribution software for medical. Illustrative Examples: Budget Examiner.

Illustrative Examples: Geometrician. 15-1041 Computer Support Specialists (Help Desk Representative) Provide technical assistance to computer system users. Solve or direct solutions to problems in various fields by mathematical methods. and operating systems. and other structural property. and interpret geographic information provided by geodetic surveys. processes. policy formulation. and general computing applications. procedures. Illustrative Examples: Biometrician. social. or products. prostheses. equipment. biology. and other fields. construction. Answer questions or resolve computer problems for clients in person. including printing. contour. interpret. Illustrative Examples: Aerodynamicist. Database Security Administrator 15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators (LAN/WAN Administrator) Install. and user interfaces for GIS and mapping systems. Maintain network hardware and software. Analyze user requirements. via telephone or from remote location. Non-R&D Design. structures. Network Security Administrator 15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts (Internet Developer. Aeronautical Engineer 17-2021 Agricultural Engineers Apply knowledge of engineering technology and biological science to agricultural problems concerned with power and machinery. Illustrative Examples: Architectural Designer. Information Systems Consultant 15-1052 Computer Systems Analysts. review. and methodology to technological problems in engineering and physical sciences in relation to specific industrial and research objectives. missiles. R&D These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Computer Software Engineers. Illustrative Examples: Automatic Data Processing Planner. business. airports. soil and water conservation. Systems Software. development. Illustrative Example: Actuarial Mathematician 15-2021 Mathematicians (Cryptographer) Conduct research in fundamental mathematics or in application of mathematical techniques to science. Frequently concentrates on collecting and analyzing data and developing decision support software. and problems to automate or improve existing systems and review computer system capabilities. industrial. compilers. agricultural statistics. and other data communications systems. Weight Analyst ARCHITECTURE AND ENGINEERING OCCUPATIONS 17-1011 Architects. Sampling Expert. All Other All computer specialists not listed separately. Illustrative Examples: Customer Support Analyst. and prepare maps and other spatial data in digital or graphic form for legal. elevation. Research. analysis. installation. May conduct basic and applied research to evaluate adaptability of materials and equipment to aircraft design and manufacture. medical information systems. engineering. Except Landscape and Naval Plan and design structures. Cipher Expert 15-2031 Operations Research Analysts (Procedure Analyst) Formulate and apply mathematical modeling and other optimizing methods using a computer to develop and interpret information that assists management with decision making. Exclude "Computer Support Specialists" (15-1041). Illustrative Examples: Method Consultant. and problems to automate or improve existing systems and review computer system capabilities. and testing aircraft. business statistics. Illustrative Examples: Field Map Editor. analyze. Include telecommunications specialists who deal with the interfacing of computer and communications equipment. study. and implement security measures to safeguard computer databases. word processing. test. 15-1053 Computer Systems Analysts. or dimension of land or land features on or near the earth's surface for engineering. and residential sites. Building Consultant. schools. Internet. and planning. test and implement the database applying knowledge of database management systems. and test operating systems-level software. May plan. theaters. Provide data relevant to the shape. 15-1037 Computer Software Engineers. and commercial. May develop and supply optimal time. and implement network security measures. May analyze or recommend commercially available software. aerial photographs. service. Illustrative Examples: Algebraist. Land Planner. May ascertain premium rates required and cash reserves necessary to ensure payment of future benefits. procedures. Mapper 17-1022 Surveyors Make exact measurements and determine property boundaries. Monitor network to ensure network availability to all system users and perform necessary maintenance to support network availability. office buildings. Standards Analyst 15-2041 Statisticians Engage in the development of mathematical theory or apply statistical theory and methods to collect. Webmaster) Analyze. such as local area networks (LAN). or other managerial functions. Database Design Analyst. accident. May work with Geographic Information Systems (GIS). and biomechanical principles to the design. wide area network (WAN). military. organize. instrumentation. intranet. gravitation. mining. or implementation. workflow. and summarize numerical data to provide usable information. Flight Test Engineer. configure. and all other data processing problems for application to electronic data processing systems. Analyze user requirements. land subdivisions. Research and recommend network and data communications hardware and software. Landscape Designer 17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists (Topographer) Collect. and products. such as mortality. and support an organization's local area network (LAN). management. mapmaking. Illustrative Example: Systems Integrator 15-1099 Computer Specialists. electronic mail. Illustrative Examples: Farm Equipment Engineer. "Mathematicians" (15-2021). coordinate. disability. and design purposes. coordinate. May develop related software. land evaluation. wide area networks (WAN). principles. Illustrative Examples: Network Control Operator. Help Desk Technician. scientific. political. Exclude "Network and Computer Systems Administrators" (15-1071). Mineral Surveyor 17-2011 Aerospace Engineers Perform a variety of engineering work in designing.15-1036 Computer Software Engineers. Land Examiner. Harmonic Analyst. factories. Perform network modeling. business. cost. such as bio-statistics. Illustrative Examples: Geodetic Surveyor. and processing of agricultural products. May supervise computer programmers. such as private residences. 15-2099 Mathematical Science Occupations. communications. Non R&D Analyze data processing problems for application to electronic data processing systems. or other fields. and other purposes. 15-1061 Database Administrators Coordinate changes to computer databases. highways. and scheduling limitations. and scheduling limitations. May supervise computer programmers. industrial. or logistics networks for program evaluation. data structures. sickness. May recommend improvements in testing equipment and techniques. and network distribution software for medical. Illustrative Examples: Environmental Planner. economic statistics. Statistical Analyst 15-2091 Mathematical Technicians Apply standardized mathematical formulas. constructing. Exclude persons working primarily as "Engineers" (17-2011 through 17-2199). May specialize in fields. and satellite data. and evaluation of biological and health systems and products. hospitals. Data Processing Systems Project Planner. educational. such as artificial organs. All Other All mathematical scientists not listed separately. location. develop. Systems Software. Agricultural Research Engineer 17-2031 Biomedical Engineers (Orthopedic Designer) Apply knowledge of engineering. Illustrative Example: Computer Laboratory Technician 15-2011 Actuaries Analyze statistical data. and heath management and care delivery systems. design. electrification. Site Planner 17-1012 Landscape Architects Plan and design land areas for such projects as parks and other recreational facilities. workflow. Systems Software. and spacecraft. R&D These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities involving electronic data processing. May supervise other network support and client server specialists and plan. Work Station Support Specialist 15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts Analyze science. 17-2041 Chemical Engineers (Fuels Engineer) Design chemical plant equipment and devise processes for manufacturing chemicals 5 . Include mathematical statisticians. and retirement rates and construct probability tables to forecast risk and liability for payment of future benefits. and evaluate network systems. and Internet system or a segment of a network system. or "Scientists" (19-1011 through 19-3099). Illustrative Examples: Health Systems Computer Analyst. May design and evaluate algorithms. aerospace. May provide assistance concerning the use of computer hardware and software. Set operational specification.

and repair of such equipment as centralized heat. paper. 6 . Illustrative Examples: Fire-Protection Engineer. 17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers. Relay Engineer 17-2072 Electronics Engineers. Include metallurgists and metallurgical engineers. design. logistics and material flow. Illustrative Examples: Power Distribution Engineer. such as roads. structural. and waste disposal units. or instruments & controls. irrigation projects. ship machinery. develop. and supervising mining operations. airports. Ship Surveyor 17-2131 Materials Engineers (Ceramic Engineer. 17-2062 Computer Hardware Engineers. Except Computer. designing. ceramics and glass. such as stone and gravel. Port Engineer. test. and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers" (17-2061). industrial. Systems Software. and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures. develop. 17-2075 Electronics Engineers. Plant Engineer 17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects Design. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers. R&D These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Computer Hardware Engineers. Plant Equipment Engineer. and other mechanically functioning equipment. operation. chemistry. and related equipment. dams. Except Computer. or supervise the manufacturing and installation of electrical equipment. and remediation of environmental health hazards utilizing various engineering disciplines. cement. and size of deposits. R&D" (17-2063). Systems Software. such as roads. or perform engineering duties in the prevention. Reactor Engineer 17-2171 Petroleum Engineers Devise methods to improve oil and gas well production and determine the need for new or modified tool designs. evolving methods of mining best suited to character. Exclude "Computer Software Engineers. such as graphite. Product Safety Engineer 17-2112 Industrial Engineers (Industrial Quality Control Engineer) Design. engines. channels. Include architectural. acoustics. Illustrative Example: Corrosion Engineer 17-2141 Mechanical Engineers Perform engineering duties in planning and designing tools. Illuminating Engineer. Applications" (15-1031) and "Computer Software Engineers. plastics. and naturally occurring materials. Exclude "Computer Software Engineers. and steam systems. and facilities. Illustrative Examples: Communications Engineer. Metallurgical Engineer) Evaluate materials and develop machinery and processes to manufacture materials for use in products that must meet specialized design and performance specifications. develop. Exclude "Hydrologists" (19-2043). aerospace guidance and propulsion control. mechanics. bridges. and test computer or computerrelated equipment for commercial. quality control. such as power supply and propulsion systems. harbors. Exclude "Computer Software Engineers. Guidance and Control Systems Engineer 17-2073 Electrical Engineers. inventory control. metal and metal alloys. Illustrative Examples: Marine Architect. Industrial Hygiene Engineer. and steam systems. and utilization of nuclear energy and nuclear waste disposal. Including Mining Safety Engineers Determine the location and plan the extraction of coal. Illustrative Examples: Bridge Engineer. military. and building materials. engines. or scientific use utilizing knowledge of electronic theory and materials properties. Circuit Design Engineer. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers. or supervise the manufacturing and installation of electrical equipment. detergents. 17-2144 Mechanical Engineers. Illustrative Examples: Soil Engineer. by applying principles and technology of chemistry. designing. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers. Time Study Engineer. May supervise the manufacturing and installation of computer or computer-related equipment and components. 17-2076 Electronics Engineers. making geological and topographical surveys. Non-R&D" (15-1036). aerospace guidance and propulsion control. Work may include waste treatment. maintenance. Include those working with composite materials or specializing in one type of material. or instruments and controls. R&D These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Electrical Engineers. plan. physics. or scientific use. and geo-technical engineers. 17-2063 Computer Hardware Engineers. Non-R&D" (17-2062). maintenance. R&D" (15-1035) and "Computer Software Engineers. and repair of such equipment as centralized heat. and welding engineers. Design electronic circuits and components for use in fields such as telecommunications. Include industrial product safety engineers. R&D" (151037). Construction Engineer. gas. Work involves conducting preliminary surveys of deposits or undeveloped mines and planning their development. Exclude "Health and Safety Engineers. psychology. type. Illustrative Examples: Atomic Process Engineer. or scientific use utilizing knowledge of electronic theory and materials properties. plastics and polymers. power plants. 17-2081 Environmental Engineers (Public Health Engineer) Design. industrial. Non-R&D Perform engineering duties in planning and designing tools. pipelines. or scientific use. water. and test electronic components and systems for commercial. Include architectural. examining deposits or mines to determine whether they can be worked at a profit. railroads. airports. and other mechanically functioning equipment. military. dams. and test electronic components and systems for commercial. machines. Develop new uses for known materials. R&D These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Electronics Engineers. and evaluate the operation of marine vessels. pipelines. Non-R&D Perform engineering duties in planning. and waste disposal units. Illustrative Examples: Absorption and Adsorption Engineer. industrial. military. R&D These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Mechanical Engineers. and facilities. R&D" (17-2063). acoustics. Except Computer Research. 17-2053 Civil Engineers. Non-R&D" (17-2062). or scientific use. cost analysis. Explosives Engineer 17-2051 Civil Engineers (Municipal Engineer) Perform engineering duties in planning. traffic. develop. such as gasoline. May supervise the manufacturing and installation of computer or computer-related equipment and components. 17-2071 Electrical Engineers Design. Illustrative Examples: Packaging Engineer. gas. or pollution control technology. channels. Mine Equipment Design Engineer 17-2161 Nuclear Engineers Conduct research on nuclear engineering problems or apply principles and theory of nuclear science to problems concerned with release. machines. irrigation projects. Pollution Control Engineer 17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers. Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors (Industrial Health Engineer) Promote worksite or product safety by applying knowledge of industrial processes. industrial. or scientific use. NonR&D Design. military. test. and geotechnical engineers. Except Computer. components. Hydraulic Engineer 17-2143 Mechanical Engineers. Mineral Engineer.and products. develop. Oversee installation. bridges. or systems for commercial. develop. R&D These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Civil Engineers. operation. site remediation. Non-R&D" (15-1034) and "Computer Software Engineers. harbors. Radiation Engineer. power plants. military. Non-R&D Design. Oversee installation. or systems for commercial. synthetic rubber. and evaluate integrated systems for managing industrial production processes including human work factors. water. control. Concrete Engineer 17-2052 Civil Engineers. Application. water and sewage systems. and pulp. traffic. ocean. Non-R&D Design. nonmetallic minerals. control. Application. and engineering. metallic ores. Oversee drilling and offer technical advice to achieve economical and satisfactory progress. ocean. Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors" (17-2111). water and sewage systems. Systems Software" (15-1032). industrial. 17-2074 Electrical Engineers. Illustrative Examples: Combustion Engineer. and test computer or computer-related equipment for commercial. Design electronic circuits and components for use in fields such as telecommunications. Illustrative Examples: Exploration Engineer. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers" (17-2061). industrial. military. ceramic engineers. 17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers Research. structural. test. and production coordination. and industrial health and safety laws. develop. components. develop. design. railroads.

usually under the direction of engineering staff. usually under the direction of a surveyor. May conduct soil surveys and develop plans to eliminate soil erosion or to protect rangelands from fire and rodent damage. Optomechanical Technician. Toxicologist 19-1099 Life Scientists. Exclude practitioners who provide medical or dental care or dispense drugs. and repair of electrical equipment in factories. and other features. Instrumentation Technician 17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians Operate. control. and other substances on tissues and vital processes of living organisms. Exclude "Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists" (19-1023) and "Foresters" (19-1032). aircraft. test. May inventory the type. Except Hydrologists and Geographers" (19-2042). Illustrative Example: Structural Drafter 17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters Prepare wiring diagrams. and overseeing construction and maintenance of structures and facilities under the direction of engineering staff or physical scientists. including the collection and analysis of biological data to determine the environmental effects of present and potential use of land and water areas. simulators. and test machinery and equipment under direction of engineering staff or physical scientists. calibrate. usually under the direction of engineering staff. such as surveying notes. Exclude “Microbiologist” (19-1022). or hazardous waste removal. and other health outcomes and develop the means for prevention and control. reproduction. satellite data. Oil Well Surveying Engineer 17-2199 Engineers. such as bacteria. and machinery for subsequent evaluation and use by engineering staff in making engineering design decisions. and buildings. May conduct research to further understanding of the complex chemical combinations and reactions involved in metabolism. Illustrative Examples: Bacteriologist. or ranchers in best ways to use crop rotation. technical writing. and maintain integrated computer/communications systems consoles. and life processes of animals and wildlife. Tool Analyst 17-3029 Engineering Technicians. and operate equipment and devices used in the prevention. Natural Gas Engineer. repair. May determine the effects of foods. and other worker operations for such purposes as establishing standard production rates or improving efficiency. motion. Semiconductor Development Technician. and maintain unmanned. and draw up contracts for procurement. Illustrative Examples: Optical Engineer. production. and protect natural resources to maximize their use without damaging the environment.Illustrative Examples: Drilling Engineer. aerial photography. Herpetologist) Study the origins. "Cartographers and Photogrammetrists" (17-1021). Illustrative Example: Ornithologist 19-1029 Biological Scientists. 17-3013 Mechanical Drafters (Die Designer) Prepare detailed working diagrams of machinery and mechanical devices. Illustrative Example: Aeronautical Drafter 17-3019 Drafters. installation. and other characteristics of microscopic organisms. Ordnance Engineer 17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters Prepare detailed drawings of architectural and structural features of buildings or drawings and topographical relief maps used in civil engineering projects. creek beds. and interpret celestial and astronomical phenomena to increase basic 7 . May verify accuracy and completeness of topographical maps. deep ocean exploration. improve. All Other All biological scientists not listed separately. except drafters. Stereo Map Plotter Operator LIFE. 19-1022 Microbiologists (Cytologist) Investigate the growth. disability. install. AND SOCIAL SCIENCE OCCUPATIONS 19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists Study the chemical composition and physical principles of living cells and organisms. Paleobotanist. their electrical and mechanical energy. hormones. power plants. or related activities. May determine how to conserve wildlife habitats. contour plowing. Illustrative Examples: Cartographic Technician. May specialize in wildlife research and management. water quality. Illustrative Examples: Laser Specialist. Illustrative Examples: Cancer Researcher. Timber Management Specialist 19-1041 Epidemiologists Investigate and describe the determinants and distribution of disease. Illustrative Examples: Methods Study Analyst. circuitry. Develop forest management plans for public and privately-owned forested lands. May operate unmanned submarines. engineering practices. designing. Material Stress Tester 17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians Perform surveying and mapping duties. Except Drafters. Illustrative Example: Malariologist 19-1042 Medical Scientists. such as fencing and reservoirs for stock watering. amount. structure. mining. and measurement instruments and equipment to launch. test. and evaluate air and space vehicles. and location of standing timber. Exclude "Surveyors" (17-1022). 19-2011 Astronomers Observe. Illustrative Examples: Calibration Laboratory Technician. PHYSICAL. All Other All life scientists not listed separately. and "Geoscientists. or fungi. Illustrative Example: Highway Technician 17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians Apply electrical and electronic theory and related knowledge. cartographer. Utilize knowledge of building materials. or other maps to show topographical features. such as oil rigs. and related phenomena. and how best to comply with environmental regulations. develop. growth. and determine the best time for harvesting. Salvage Engineer. including dimensions. not listed separately. research. agricultural production managers. and medical pathologists. negotiate the purchase. behavior. Illustrative Examples: Heat Transfer Technician. fastening methods. Plant Taxonomist 19-1031 Conservation Scientists Manage. Illustrative Examples: Geological Drafter. Time Study Analyst 17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians Apply theory and principles of mechanical engineering to modify. monitor trees for healthy growth. controls. Exclude "Broadcast Technicians" (27-4012). or other purposes. and public works. calibrate. Illustrative Examples: Geneticist. and mathematics to complete drawings. 17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians Apply theory and principles of environmental engineering to modify. and conservation purposes. Include medical scientists such as physicians. track. Quality Control Technician. and in range and farm improvements. development. algae. build. Flight Data Technician. dentists. May devise plans for planting and growing new trees. and remediation of environmental pollution. in the number and kind of livestock and forage plants best suited to particular ranges. May record and interpret test data. Except Epidemiologists (Pharmacologist) Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. automated. Map Drafter. May assist in the development of environmental pollution remediation devices under direction of engineer. May instruct farmers. and heredity. May assist engineers in testing and designing robotics equipment. political boundaries. diseases. Illustrative Examples: Wind Tunnel Technician. May calculate mapmaking information and create maps from source data. servo-mechanical. and modify electrical components. Include medical microbiologists who study the relationship between organisms and disease or the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms. and other data acquisition. including waste treatment and site remediation. clerical. and speed involved in performance of production. All Other All engineers not listed separately. All Other All drafters not listed separately. and layout drawings used for manufacture. or photogrammetrist to obtain data used for construction. mapmaking. to design. method. boundary location. bridges. test. Illustrative Examples: Range Manager. circuit board assembly diagrams. genetics. or terracing to conserve soil and water. Altitude Chamber Technician 17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians Apply theory and principles of civil engineering in planning. May study and record time. Illustrative Examples: Air Analysis Technician. Conservation Officer 19-1032 Foresters Manage forested lands for economic. Engage in clinical investigation or other research. All Other All engineering technicians. appraise the timber's worth. Illustrative Examples: Forest Ecologist. maintenance. Hull Drafter 17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians Operate. position. Soil Technician 17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians Apply engineering theory and principles to problems of industrial layout or manufacturing production. and other engineering information. or other equipment at worksites. serums. such as highways. public health specialists. recreational. drugs. and soil stability. pharmacologists. Metallurgical Technician. Virologist 19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists (Ecologist. or electromechanical equipment.

Illustrative Examples: Oceanographer. and business organizations. sales. "Fish and Game Wardens" (33-3031). and School Psychologists. and its return to the ocean and atmosphere. management. synthesize. Including Health. and seismologists. religious. employee screening. including land forms. metallurgical scientists. May study the earth's internal composition. alloys.knowledge and apply such information to practical problems. Non-R&D Study or perform investigations for the purpose of identifying. and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area. in order to determine the history. and other sources. and devise methods to apply laws and theories to industry and other fields. prepare reports. study the form and intensity of precipitation. Historical Society Director 19-3094 Political Scientists Study the origin. or other environmental problems. 19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists. Illustrative Examples: Inorganic Chemist. political. and emotional problems using individual. Include glass scientists. May analyze the structure and operation of 8 . and ideology. development. Psychometrist 19-3041 Sociologists Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form. or physical characteristics of existing people in various parts of the world. economic activities. Exclude "Statisticians" (15-2041). abating. ceramic scientists. 19-3037 Clinical. Marketing Forecaster 19-3022 Survey Researchers (Pollster) Design or conduct surveys. May collect and process economic and statistical data using econometric and sampling techniques. and interpret the past as recorded in sources. the beliefs and institutions of foreign nations. newspapers and other periodicals. including metals. Except Hydrologists and Geographers" (19-2042) and "Biochemists and Biophysicists" (19-1021). develop theories and laws on the basis of observation and experiments. Illustrative Examples: Econometrician. 19-2012 Physicists Conduct research into the phases of physical phenomena. Except Hydrologists and Geographers (Seismologist) Study the composition. All Other All psychologists not listed separately. Penologist. such as relations between the United States and foreign countries. Activities may include policy planning. Including Health. Exclude "Geoscientists. may collect. such as tools or pottery remaining from past human cultures. behavioral. and "Market Research Analysts" (19-3021). May study the behavior and interaction of groups. prices. such as personal diaries and letters. interviews. Illustrative Example: Hydrogeologist 19-2044 Environmental Scientists and Specialists. food. and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members. and marketing problems. Chemical Analyst 19-2032 Materials Scientists Research and study the structures and chemical properties of various natural and manmade materials. All Other All physical scientists not listed separately. family. its rate of infiltration into the soil. record. Utilizing knowledge of various scientific disciplines may collect. and School Psychologists Diagnose and treat mental disorders. political decision making. films. May design and implement behavior modification programs. or eliminating sources of pollutants or hazards that affect either the environment or the health of the population. soils. Illustrative Examples: Vocational Psychologist. synthesize. and living habits of earlier civilizations. study. 19-2045 Environmental Scientists and Specialists. stratigraphers. circulation. and take action based on data derived from measurements or observations of air. study. Including Health Conduct research or perform investigation for the purpose of identifying. Determine ways to strengthen or combine materials or develop new materials with new or specific properties for use in a variety of products and applications. Exclude "Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists" (19-1023). and group therapies. Exclude "Market Research Analysts" (19-3021). May present survey results to client. customs. regional. polymers. Including Health. and School Psychologists. Illustrative Examples: Social Psychologist. Thermodynamicist 19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists (Meteorologist) Investigate atmospheric phenomena and interpret meteorological data gathered by surface and air stations. child. report. Counseling. and cognitive. or formulate plans to aid in solution of economic problems arising from production and distribution of goods and services. and other sources. Utilizing knowledge of various scientific disciplines. May study topics. learning disabilities. as well as various social. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region. satellites. water. or national areas to determine potential sales of a product or service. Social Welfare Research Worker 19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners Develop comprehensive plans and programs for use of land and physical facilities of local jurisdictions. Include mineralogists. soil. ceramics. and political organization. and "Forest and Conservation Workers" (45-4011). family. Non R&D Diagnose and treat mental disorders. land reclamation. and its magnetic. as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global. electrical. "Forest and Conservation Technicians" (19-4093). or underground water. Counseling. minerals. abating. and glass. trace their origin and growth. crystallographers. R&D These persons spend the majority of their time conducting psychological research. gas. 19-3011 Economists Conduct research. and metropolitan areas. Illustrative Example: Political Anthropologist 19-3092 Geographers Study nature and use of areas of earth's surface. geodesists. and polymer scientists. counties. learning disabilities. food. Illustrative Examples: Fluid Dynamicist. "Conservation Scientists" (19-1031). structure. and cognitive. and operation of political systems. paleontologists. administration. physics. rubber. 19-2099 Physical Scientists. Include weather analysts and forecasters whose functions require the detailed knowledge of a meteorologist. Illustrative Example: Engineering Psychologist 19-3036 Clinical. 19-3093 Historians Research. sales. development. Rheologist. Economic Research Analyst. report. child. or the politics of small towns or a major metropolis. and behavior of humans. water. language. and methods of marketing and distribution. climates. or eliminating sources of pollutants or hazards that affect either the environment or the health of the population. May gather information on competitors. and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil. May engage in systematic recovery and examination of material evidence. May work with management to reorganize the work setting to improve worker productivity. Illustrative Examples: Criminologist. analyze. photographs. Counseling. May supervise interviewers who conduct the survey in person or over the telephone. 19-3039 Psychologists. Weather Forecaster 19-2031 Chemists Conduct qualitative and quantitative chemical analyses or chemical experiments in laboratories for quality or process control or to develop new products or knowledge. May use geological. plants and animals. and radar to prepare reports and forecasts for public and other uses. Paleontologist 19-2043 Hydrologists Research the distribution. movement through the earth. R&D These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Environmental Scientists and Specialists. relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. such as towns. Industrial Economist 19-3021 Market Research Analysts Research market conditions in local. and other physical aspects of the earth. Illustrative Examples: Genealogist. such as public opinion. and organizational development and analysis. May study the way of life. and gravitational forces. Illustrative Examples: Advertising Analyst. and unpublished manuscripts. Illustrative Example: City Planner 19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists Study the origin. and emotional problems using individual. May use survey results to create a marketing campaign based on regional preferences and buying habits. or in waste disposal. Water Pollution Specialist 19-2042 Geoscientists. including social characteristics. Research a wide range of subjects. and group therapies. atmospheres. oceans. and physical properties of underground and surface waters. training and development. and take action based on data derived from measurements or observations of air. Illustrative Examples: Environmental Analyst. Marketing Consultant. "Economists" (19-3011). such as government and institutional records. 19-3031 Clinical. behavioral. Illustrative Examples: Climatologist. Child Psychologist 19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists Apply principles of psychology to personnel. cities. semiconductors. soil.

May assist conservation scientists in managing. Illustrative Examples: Inseminator. Chemical Dependency Counselor. and social science technicians not listed separately. and processing. make observations. or practical application of chemistry and related sciences. or terminal illnesses. Drug Counselor 21-1012 Educational. assist with animal breeding and nutrition work. and analyze physical evidence related to criminal investigations. and find foster homes for abandoned or abused children. Exclude "Social Workers" (21-1021 through 21-1029) and "Psychologists" of all types (19-3031 through 19-3039). affective. and "Mental Health Counselors" (21-1014) providing these services. improving. and other social research. tobacco. or the stress of daily life. All Other All social scientists and related workers not listed separately. Historian Research Assistant 19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians. and drugs. production. Illustrative Example: Family Counselor 21-1014 Mental Health Counselors Counsel with emphasis on prevention. Fingerprint Classifier 19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians Compile data pertaining to size. fire prevention and suppression. and School Counselors (Guidance Counselor) Counsel individuals and provide group educational and vocational guidance services. and School Social Workers (Foster Care Worker) Provide social services and assistance to improve the social and psychological functioning of children and their families and to maximize the family well-being and the academic functioning of children. and "Psychologists" (193031 through 19-3039). May conduct public opinion surveys. Chart pressure. training. Feed Research Technician. Analyze mud and drill cuttings. or AIDS. or analyze public documents. analyze election results. misbehavior. Radiographer. Crude Tester. and making necessary referrals for other social services. such as Alzheimer's. or petroleum. and protecting rangelands and wildlife habitats. illness. including abuse of alcohol. Dairy Technologist 19-4021 Biological Technicians Assist biological and medical scientists in laboratories. hair. physical. handwriting. families. gas. Illustrative Examples: Laser Technician. food. maintenance of environmental standards. Educational Adviser 21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists (Marriage Counselor) Diagnose and treat mental and emotional disorders.governments. within the context of marriage and family systems. Exclude "Social Workers" (21-1021 through 21-1029). Coordinate activities for residents of care and treatment facilities. case management. water. client advocacy. under supervision. or groups or engage in prevention programs. content. and job placement. and animal research. Under direction of an environmental scientist or specialist. Radiation Monitor 19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants Assist social scientists in laboratory. Illustrative Examples: Curriculum Counselor. Illustrative Examples: Bereavement Counselor. including those that affect health. In schools. and Social Science Technicians. and vocational difficulties that result from birth defects. Illustrative Examples: City Planning Aide. providing patient education and counseling. or nuclear measuring instruments in both laboratory and production activities to obtain data indicating potential sources of metallic ore. Homemaking Rehabilitation Consultant 21-1019 Counselors. Illustrative Example: Pollution Control Technician 19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians (Polygraph Examiner) Collect. Work with individuals and groups to promote optimum mental health. Family. Normally these individuals work under the direct supervision of a social scientist and assist in those activities which are more routine. under direction of foresters. May assist single parents. and issues associated with aging and mental and emotional health. May testify as expert witnesses on evidence or crime laboratory techniques. may collect samples of gases. "Psychologists" (19-3031 through 19-3039). Specimen Technician 19-4031 Chemical Technicians (Assayer) Conduct chemical and physical laboratory tests to assist scientists in making qualitative and quantitative analyses of solids. and related natural resources. quality control. Illustrative Examples: Biotechnologist. Assess client needs and design and implement rehabilitation programs that may include personal and vocational counseling. problems with self-esteem. Exclude "Social Workers" (21-1021 through 21-1029). Physical. liquids. maintenance. May help individuals deal with addictions and substance abuse. and education. Illustrative Examples: Community Mental Health Worker. soil. Illustrative Examples: Ethnologist. and quality control support activities. Including Health Performs laboratory and field tests to monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution. Soil Tester. Include technicians who assist food scientists or food technologists in the research. crisis intervention. May analyze organic substances. Perform tests on weapons or substances. fiber. and gaseous materials for purposes. and calculate and record results. May counsel individuals. Set up. and marital problems. and other characteristics of forest tracts. cancer. and other materials for testing and take corrective actions as assigned. Child Abuse Worker 21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers Provide persons. such as ballistics. primarily in operation. Illustrative Examples: Political Analyst. All Other All counselors not listed separately. stress management. All Other All life. Investigate and collect information leading to the possible discovery of new oil fields. survey. Illustrative Examples: Grazing Examiner. 21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors Counsel individuals to maximize the independence and employability of persons coping with personal. and help provide technical assistance regarding the conservation of soil. Illustrative Examples: Accelerator Operator. Illustrative Examples: Coordinator of Rehabilitation Services. sonic. Illustrative Examples: Ballistic Expert. Paint Tester 19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians Assist scientists in the use of electrical. such as gambling and eating disorders. parenting. monitor experiments. Psychiatric Social Worker 9 . Services include advising family care givers. Vocational. disease. or substance abuse problems. Economic Research Assistant. and other characteristics of wells or bore holes. or data management. packaging. or biochemistry. processing. temperature. quality control. Apply psychotherapeutic and family systems theories and techniques in the delivery of professional services to individuals. train and lead forest workers in forest propagation. Hospice Social Worker. and/or other drugs. or vulnerable populations with the psychosocial support needed to cope with chronic. classify. as well as various political entities. such as fiber. and other work involving experimental. May serve as specialists in area of expertise. social. May also advise teachers on how to deal with problem children. Illustrative Examples: Addiction Counselor. and tissue to determine significance to investigation. Political Consultant 19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers. arrange adoptions. Illustrative Examples: Fiber Analyst. theoretical. Medical Caseworker 21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers Assess and treat individuals with mental. condition. families. and use of foods. acute. May perform publication activities. development. emotional. or behavioral. such as blood. drug. water. accidents. and families for the purpose of treating such diagnosed nervous and mental disorders. suicide. or other problems. and truancy. identify. Illustrative Examples: Adoption Agent. production. tobacco. Illustrative Examples: Field Scout. and maintain laboratory instruments and equipment. Philologist 19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians Work with agricultural scientists in food. Activities may include individual and group therapy. "Psychiatrists" (29-1066). prevention. Seismic Observer 19-4051 Nuclear Technicians Assist scientists in both laboratory and production activities by performing technical tasks involving nuclear physics. Wildlife Technician. fingerprinting. Tree Warden 19-4099 Life. Meteorological Aide COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL SERVICES OCCUPATIONS 21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors Counsel and advise individuals with alcohol. such as research and development of new products or processes. laboratory analysis. conduct tests and experiments to improve yield and quality of crops or to increase the resistance of plants and animals to disease or insects. quality control. they address such problems as teenage pregnancy. couples. Exclude "Graduate Teaching Assistants" (25-1191) who both teach and do research. whether cognitive. Race Relations Adviser 21-1021 Child. Illustrative Examples: Mental Hygienist. production technology. family. operate. Linguist.

and improve individual and community health by assisting individuals and communities to adopt healthy behaviors. and transcribe pretrial and trial proceedings or other information. Minister of Education. fisheries management. interior architecture/design. Illustrative Examples: Legal Assistant. real estate agencies. or compromise settlements. Include stenocaptioners who operate computerized stenographic captioning equipment to provide captions of live or prerecorded broadcasts for hearing-impaired viewers. May also serve as a resource to assist individuals. Adjudicators. Include teachers of agronomy. 25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers. Public Defender) Represent clients in criminal and civil litigation and other legal proceedings. Postsecondary" (25-1021). electrical. instruments. or social work. finance. health. Illustrative Examples: Director of Religious Education. May provide counseling and guidance relative to marital. and Conciliators (Ombudsman) Facilitate negotiation and conflict resolution through dialogue. such as accounting. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. 23-1023 Judges. organizing. marketing. industrial. Illustrative Example: Landscape Architecture Teacher 25-1032 Engineering Teachers. or title insurance companies. and Hearing Officers Conduct hearings to decide or recommend decisions on claims concerning government programs or other government-related matters and prepare decisions. civil. policies and environments. range management. Legislative Aide. Illustrative Examples: Case Aide. Postsecondary Teach courses in business administration and management. Abstractors. Legal Investigator 23-2091 Court Reporters (Stenocaptioner) Use verbatim methods and equipment to capture. and religious problems. mineral. Calculus Teacher. and evaluating programs designed to encourage healthy lifestyles. or preparing legal documents. and landscape architecture. including conditional release and education and employment stipulations. Government Programs" (43-4061). and other instruments pertaining to titles by searching public and private records for law firms. or coordinate church school programs designed to promote religious education among church membership. TRAINING. May assist social workers with developing. Exclude "Lawyers" (23-1011) and "Paralegals and Legal Assistants" (23-2011). Patent Examiner EDUCATION. Illustrative Examples: Aeronautics Engineering Teacher. draw up legal documents. Postsecondary Teach courses in the agricultural sciences. All Other All legal support workers not listed separately. May meet with clients or assist lawyers and judges in court. Illustrative Example: Legal Clerk 23-2093 Title Examiners. Corporate Counsel 23-1021 Administrative Law Judges. Case Supervisor. or adult daycare. or recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims. Escrow Officer. materials. Parish Priest. May determine liability of defendant in civil cases. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. May specialize in a single area or may practice broadly in many areas of law. Exclude "Computer Science Teachers. dairy sciences. Public Health Representative 21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists Provide social services to assist in rehabilitation of law offenders in custody or on probation or parole. processes. Illustrative Examples: Public Health Advisor. Geometry Teacher 25-1031 Architecture Teachers. contracts. Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to the application of physical laws and principles of engineering for the development of machines. or administer justice in a court of law. store. maintain. "Personal and Home Care Aides" (39-9021). and agricultural soil conservation. Illustrative Examples: Brief Writer. "Eligibility Interviewers. May compile lists of mortgages. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Illustrative Example: Traffic Court Referee 23-1022 Arbitrators. Mask Reporter 23-2092 Law Clerks Assist lawyers or judges by researching or preparing legal documents. Illustrative Examples: Abstract Clerk.21-1029 Social Workers. poultry sciences. AND LIBRARY OCCUAPTIONS 25-1011 Business Teachers. mechanical. Illustrative Examples: Actuarial Science Teacher. Real Estate Attorney. Exclude "Rehabilitation Counselors" (211015). rehabilitation. Jurist. May assist clients in identifying available benefits and social and community services and help clients obtain them. adjudicate. Make recommendations for actions involving formulation of rehabilitation plan and treatment of offender. other professionals. Illustrative Examples: Circuit Court Judge. Marketing Teacher. Rabbi 21-2021 Directors. Illustrative Examples: Attorney. Home Visitor. such as psychology. direct. Determine penalties or the existence and the amount of liability. or to initiate legal action. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. labor relations. Lien Searcher 23-2099 Legal Support Workers. Provide spiritual and moral guidance and assistance to members. Electrical Engineering Teacher 25-1041 Agricultural Sciences Teachers. Illustrative Examples: Religious Healer. Mediators. Illustrative Examples: Case Worker. 10 . as well as support for families. All Other All social workers not listed separately. Postsecondary Teach courses in computer science. implementing. Collect and analyze data to identify community needs prior to planning. and "Psychiatric Technicians" (29-2053). such as architectural environmental design. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. or the community. advise. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Missionary LEGAL OCCUAPTIONS 23-1011 Lawyers (District Attorney. Justice 23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants Assist lawyers by researching legal precedent. Parole Officer 21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants Assist professionals from a wide variety of fields. to formulate a defense. Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to mathematical concepts. Magistrate Judges. Postsecondary Teach courses in architecture and architectural design. or summarize pertinent legal or insurance details for a variety of purposes. Human Services Worker 21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists. Welfare Investigator 21-1091 Health Educators (Public Health Analyst) Promote. such as chemical. monitoring. All Other All religious workers not listed separately. to provide client services. and Magistrates Arbitrate. All Other All community and social service specialists not listed separately. Shorthand Teacher 25-1021 Computer Science Teachers. and services. Plan. rehabilitation. Illustrative Examples: Court Transcriber. Conduct research to support a legal proceeding. horticultural sciences. Ecclesiastical Worker. and may administer fiscal resources for health education programs. and Searchers Search real estate records. human resources. May specialize in a field of computer science. Civil Engineering Teacher. statistics. examine titles. Illustrative Examples: Accounting Teacher. Religious Activities and Education Direct and coordinate activities of a denominational group to meet religious needs of students. Youth Director 21-2099 Religious Workers. and conducting programs to prevent and resolve problems relevant to substance abuse. Veteran's Service Officer 21-2011 Clergy Conduct religious worship and perform other spiritual functions associated with beliefs and practices of religious faith or denomination. and operations research. Illustrative Examples: Dairy Science Teacher. Illustrative Examples: Attendance Officer. and actuarial science and to the application of original and standardized mathematical techniques in solving specific problems and situations. Resolve conflicts outside of the court system by mutual consent of parties involved. investigating facts. Illustrative Examples: Community Organization Worker. Illustrative Examples: Bishop. and manage or advise clients on legal transactions. May sentence defendant in criminal cases according to government statutes. May issue marriage licenses and perform wedding ceremonies. retrieve. financial. such as the design and function of computers or operations and research analysis. Include teachers of subjects. human relationships. and petroleum engineering.

Ballistics Teacher. Drama. Forest Pathology Teacher 25-1051 Atmospheric. 25-1069 Social Sciences Teachers. and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Postsecondary Teach courses in sociology.g. Piano Teacher. and developmental psychology. Postsecondary Teach courses in anthropology or archeology. Illustrative Examples: Registered Nursing Instructor. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Geology Teacher. Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to the laws of matter and energy. and theology. therapy.Farm Management Teacher. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Postsecondary Teach courses in the physical sciences.. Illustrative Examples: Photography Teacher. Illustrative Examples: Journalism Teacher. corrections. Nutrition Teacher 25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers. Illustrative Examples: Child Development Teacher. Illustrative Example: Teacher of Medical Record Librarians 25-1111 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers. or design and crafts. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. and international relations.. Illustrative Examples: Criminology Teacher. Postsecondary Teach courses in psychology. Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to the culture and development of an area (e. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Postsecondary. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Postsecondary Teach courses in human history and historiography. Russian Teacher. Postsecondary Teach courses in social work. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Exclude "Nursing Instructors and Teachers. and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Ethnic. such as child. Postsecondary Teach courses in environmental science. Postsecondary Teach courses in political science. Exclude "Agricultural Science Teachers" (25-1041). Agricultural Soil Conservation Teacher 25-1042 Biological Science Teachers. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Postsecondary Teach courses in library science. Postsecondary" (25-1042) who teach medical science. Postsecondary Teach courses in criminal justice. Exclude "Biological Science Teachers. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Spanish Teacher 25-1125 History Teachers. Illustrative Examples: Forest Management Teacher. Human Relations Teacher. and the arts including fine and applied art. laboratory technology. Illustrative Examples: Urban Planning Teacher. and Cultural Studies Teachers. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching 11 . Illustrative Examples: Government Teacher. dentistry. 25-1121 Art. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Earth. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. 25-1113 Social Work Teachers. teacher education. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. and Space Sciences Teachers. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching. Illustrative Example: Cartography Teacher 25-1065 Political Science Teachers. Labor Relations Teacher. Illustrative Examples: Bacteriology Teacher.. 25-1082 Library Science Teachers. Applied Psychology Teacher 25-1067 Sociology Teachers. public relations. or any other group (e. Practical Nursing Instructor. Survey Research Teacher 25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers. and psychological counseling. Industrial Economics Teacher 25-1064 Geography Teachers. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Illustrative Examples: Pharmacology Teacher. Dentistry Teacher. Postsecondary Teach courses in philosophy. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Postsecondary Teach courses in geography. Work may include instruction in the methods of qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis. music. Postsecondary Teach courses in law. Nurses Aide Instructor 25-1081 Education Teachers. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. such as counseling. and Music Teachers. Etymology Teacher. 25-1054 Physics Teachers. Oceanography Teacher 25-1052 Chemistry Teachers. guidance. Postsecondary Teach courses in foreign (i. other than English) languages and literature. Postsecondary Teach courses in economics. Postsecondary" (25-1042) who teach biochemistry. International Relations Teacher. Thermodynamics Teacher 25-1061 Anthropology and Archeology Teachers. Postsecondary Teach courses in communications. Music Director 25-1122 Communications Teachers. Postsecondary Teach courses in health specialties. Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to the chemical and physical properties and compositional changes of substances. Illustrative Examples: Agricultural Economics Teacher. Illustrative Examples: Aerodynamics Teacher. pharmacy. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. and teaching English as a second language. All Other All postsecondary social sciences teachers not listed separately. Postsecondary" (25-1072) and "Biological Science Teachers.e. curriculum. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Postsecondary Teach courses in environmental and conservation science. such as organizational communications. Marine. religion. women's studies. Latin America). international affairs.g. and public health. Illustrative Examples: Classics Teacher. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. an ethnic group. such as veterinary medicine. urban affairs). Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Postsecondary Teach courses in English language and literature. Postsecondary Teach courses in biological sciences. and law enforcement administration. Illustrative Example: Ethnology Teacher 25-1063 Economics Teachers. Penology Teacher 25-1112 Law Teachers. 25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers. Postsecondary Teach courses in drama. Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to education. Creative Writing Teacher 25-1124 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers. Illustrative Examples: Food Technology Teacher. and journalism. Pharmacognosy Teacher 25-1053 Environmental Science Teachers. including linguistics and comparative literature. except chemistry and physics. radio/television broadcasting. Public Speaking Teacher 25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers. Illustrative Example: Paleology Teacher 25-1062 Area. Postsecondary Demonstrate and teach patient care in classroom and clinical units to nursing students. instruction. clinical. Illustrative Examples: Arabic Teacher. Illustrative Examples: Climatology Teacher. Biochemistry Teacher. such as painting and sculpture. Public Policy Teacher 25-1066 Psychology Teachers. Genetics Teacher 25-1043 Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.

Exclude "Special Education Teachers" (25-2041 through 25-2043). Teaching may or may not take place in a traditional educational institution. mental. 25-2042 Special Education Teachers. and furnishing reference. Except Special Education Teach pupils in public or private schools at the elementary level basic academic. May set up or work with databases and information systems to catalogue and access information. Include bookmobile drivers who operate bookmobiles or light trucks that pull trailers to specific locations on a predetermined schedule and assist with providing services in mobile libraries. or English teachers. Include correspondence school instructors.and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Middle School Teach or instruct vocational or occupational subjects at the middle school level. remove or repair damaged books. Illustrative Examples: Real Estate Instructor. Auto Mechanics Teacher. All Other All postsecondary teachers not listed separately. museums. Teaching may or may not take place in a traditional educational institution. arrange. Museum Director 25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators Prepare specimens. law firms. Exclude "Vocational Education Secondary School Teachers" (25-2032) and "Special Education Teachers" (25-2041 through 25-2043). or other professional staff members in college or university by performing teaching or teachingrelated duties. Illustrative Examples: Swimming Teacher. Illustrative Examples: Head Start Teacher. which falls between elementary and senior high school as defined by applicable State laws and regulations. strategic research. Metaphysics Teacher. acquiring. Middle School Teach middle school subjects to educationally and physically handicapped students. colleges and universities. edit. preparing and giving examinations. Lecturer. Flying Teacher. and other formative skills. for museum collection and exhibits. Except Special Education (Nursery School Teacher. Illustrative Examples: School Library Media Specialist. May be designated according to subject matter specialty. mathematics. and filter information. and grading examinations or papers. such as teaching lower level courses. including public libraries. Graduate assistants must be enrolled in a graduate school program. Childhood Development Teacher 25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers. and social development. Preschool. and exhibit materials. Illustrative Example: Adult Education Teacher 25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers Teach or instruct courses other than those that normally lead to an occupational objective or degree. and related subjects as pertaining to home management. schools. and Elementary School Teach elementary and preschool school subjects to educationally and physically handicapped students. Except Special Education Teach elemental natural and social science. physical. May be required to hold State certification. May be required to hold State certification. music. and literature to children from 4 to 6 years old. Except Special and Vocational Education (Junior High School Teacher) Teach students in public or private schools in one or more subjects at the middle. and healthcare providers. Remedial Education. preparatory classes for the General Educational Development test. 25-3011 Adult Literacy. research. Citizenship Teacher 25-3099 Teachers and Instructors. nonvocational. and intellectual growth needed for primary school in preschool. and readers' advisory services. and fitness studies. skeletal parts. and indexes to locate books and other materials. 25-2021 Elementary School Teachers. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. All Other All teachers and instructors not listed separately. Include teachers who specialize and work with audibly and visually handicapped students and those who teach basic academic and life processes skills to the mentally impaired. 25-2031 Secondary School Teachers. Tasks may include selecting. such as typing instructors. classifying. cataloguing. 25-1192 Home Economics Teachers. government agencies. Private Tutor 25-4011 Archivists Appraise. day care center. or other child development facility. Exclude "Child Care Workers" (39-9011) and "Special Education Teachers" (252041 through 25-2043). and public service activities of institution. Illustrative Examples: Consumer Education Specialist. social. Direct instructional. edit. Exclude "Middle School Vocational Education Teachers" (25-2023) and "Special Education Teachers" (25-2041 through 25-2043). Except Special and Vocational Education (High School Teacher) Instruct students in secondary public or private schools in one or more subjects at the secondary level. Circulation Manager 25-4031 Library Technicians (Assistant Librarian. Kindergarten. Military Science Teacher 25-2011 Preschool Teachers. and nonacademic subjects. Promote physical. Include teachers who specialize and work with audibly and visually handicapped students and those who teach basic academic and life processes skills to the mentally impaired. Illustrative Examples: Interior Design Teacher. Work in a variety of settings. Exclude "Special Education Teachers" (25-2041 through 25-2043). Courses may include self-improvement. art. 25-2043 Special Education Teachers. Illustrative Examples: Art Teacher. such as English. Day Care Teacher) Instruct children (normally up to 5 years of age) in activities designed to promote social. 25-2023 Vocational Education Teachers. Secondary School Teach secondary school subjects to educationally and physically handicapped students. and maintaining library materials. circulating. May perform in-depth. 25-2041 Special Education Teachers. Exclude "Special Education Teachers" (25-2041 through 25-2043). such as fossils. nutrition. Leisure Studies Instructor 25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers. or junior high level. Teaching may take place in public or private schools whose primary business is education or in a school associated with an organization whose primary business is other than education. commercial and government training instructors. and GED Teachers and Instructors Teach or instruct out-of-school youths and adults in remedial education classes. Theology Teacher 25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants Assist department chairperson. industrial. Barbering Teacher 25-1199 Postsecondary Teachers. Compile records. and synthesize. May restore documents or install. and by answering questions that require only brief consultation of standard reference. Replace materials in shelving area (stacks) or files. 25-2022 Middle School Teachers. Postsecondary (Adult Education Teacher) Teach or instruct vocational or occupational subjects at the postsecondary level (but at less than the baccalaureate) to students who have graduated or left high school. Bookmobile Driver) Assist librarians by helping readers in the use of library catalogs. personal hygiene. register patrons. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Illustrative Example: Docent Coordinator 25-4012 Curators Administer affairs of museum and conduct research programs. sort and shelve books. Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to recreation. non-profit organizations. Secondary School Teach or instruct vocational or occupational subjects at the secondary school level. intermediate. bibliographical. Illustrative Examples: Food and Nutrition Teacher. 25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers. family relations. literacy. and adult education teachers and instructors who prepare persons to operate industrial machinery and equipment and transportation and communications equipment. finance. such as laboratory research. lace. faculty members. Postsecondary Teach courses in child care. Illustrative Examples: Art Gallery Director. including exercise physiology and facilities management. analyze. or social studies. Illustrative Example: Museum Registrar 25-4021 Librarians Administer libraries and perform related library services. Participate in research activities based on archival materials. corporations. and direct safekeeping of permanent records and historically valuable documents. developing teaching materials. Illustrative Examples: Divinity Teacher. should be reported in the occupational category related to the work performed. Include teachers who specialize and work with audibly and visually handicapped students and those who teach basic academic and life processes skills to the mentally impaired. commercial teachers. Graduate assistants who primarily perform non-teaching duties. Sewing Teacher 25-1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers. check materials in and out of the circulation process. or English as a Second Language. and textiles. leisure. 12 . databases.

dried. and body movement to entertain or inform audience. television. instruct and train in product development. such as interpretation of script. Illustrative Examples: Handicapper. choirs. Include educational consultants and specialists. and packaging. or phase of interior design.25-9011 Audio-Visual Collections Specialists Prepare. sound. video. and instructional material directors. AND MEDIA OCCUPATIONS 27-1011 Art Directors Formulate design concepts and presentation approaches. music videos. Jewelry Designer 27-1022 Fashion Designers Design clothing and accessories. composers. and extension service advisors. Illustrative Examples: Boxing Trainer. and choreography. choice of guests. Ivory Carver 27-1013 Fine Artists. Combine artistic talent with research on product use. and the utilization of machinery and equipment to promote general welfare. computers. and materials to create the most functional and appealing product design. Illustrative Example: Broadcaster 13 . instruct. or artificial flowers and foliage. Display Artist. May develop the line of color and kinds of materials. May also sing or act. Demonstrate procedures and apply research findings to solve problems. Include all sporting officials. act as master of ceremonies. Illustrative Examples: Costume Designer. or instruction. Church Organist. SPORTS. May evaluate athletes' strengths and weaknesses as possible recruits or to improve the athletes' technique to prepare them for competition. Dramatic Reader 27-2012 Producers and Directors (Stage Manager) Produce or direct stage. video. and operate audio-visual teaching aids for use in education. such as orchestras. information. Magician 27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers (Radio Disk Jockey) Talk on radio or television. direct. or motion picture productions for entertainment. Racing Car Driver 27-2022 Coaches and Scouts Instruct or coach groups or individuals in the fundamentals of sports. aesthetic. read news flashes. or other electronic tools and media for use in products or creations. Calligrapher. video. and Library Workers. and direct workers engaged in art work. Color Consultant. or other visual images using film. Illustrative Examples: Art Restorer. television. Illustrative Examples: Elocutionist. identify station by giving call letters. Athletic Events Scorer 27-2031 Dancers Perform dances. Inker and Opaquer 27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers Develop and design manufactured products. Create original garments or design garments that follow well established fashion trends. newspapers. feed and farm management advisers. such as welding. and conduct research to determine appropriate architectural styles. or home economics activities. Statue Maker 27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators Create special effects. or motion picture productions for entertainment. and copy writing for visual communications media. such as computer games. Include county agricultural agents. Illustrative Examples: Copyist. and Illustrators (Cartoonist) Create original artwork using any of a wide variety of mediums and techniques. or as a member of an orchestra. ARTS. and competition judges. Stage Scenery Designer 27-1029 Designers. information. Flower Arranger 27-1024 Graphic Designers (Graphic Artist) Design or create graphics to meet specific commercial or promotional needs. Illustrative Examples: Choirmaster. Illustrative Examples: Set Decorator. Illustrative Examples: Feed Adviser. Illustrative Examples: Corsage Maker. Illustrative Examples: Art Appraiser. special effects. and furnish interiors of residential. Orchestra Conductor 27-2042 Musicians and Singers Play one or more musical instruments or entertain by singing songs in recital. style. Illustrative Examples: Body Stylist. selling merchandise. books. Those required to hold teaching degrees should be reported in the appropriate teaching category. Formulate design which is practical. radio. DESIGN. such as cars. 27-2032 Choreographers Create and teach dance. Stylist 27-1023 Floral Designers (Florist) Design. Referees. and file audio-visual materials. confer with directors. Illustrative Examples: Circus Performer. video. Musical performers may entertain on-stage. sales. Special Effects Specialist 27-1019 Artists and Related Workers. Computer Graphics Illustrator. Illustrative Examples: Cantor. choral directors. or announce song title and artist. Illustrative Example: Dance Director 27-2041 Music Directors and Composers Conduct. such as those in windows and interiors of retail stores and at trade exhibitions. Demonstrate techniques and methods of participation. Model Dresser 27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers Design special exhibits and movie. Jockey. Illustrative Examples: Computer Artist. Exclude "Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers" (27-1026). TV. or instruction. 27-1012 Craft Artists Create or reproduce hand-made objects for sale and exhibition using a variety of techniques. and library workers not listed separately. Extra. Exclude "Athletic Trainers" (29-9091). movies. animation. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. referees. May interview guests. 25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors (Agricultural Extension Agent. plan. Frame Stylist 27-2011 Actors Play parts in stage. home appliances. or other musical group. May dance and sing. such as magazines. plan. Illustrative Examples: Mannequin Decorator. Including Painters. such as painting and sculpture. Layout Artist 27-1025 Interior Designers Plan. May specialize in a particular field. Illustrative Examples: Catalogue Illustrator. marketing. home economists. radio. and Other Sports Officials Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. All Other All designers not listed separately. or improving life style. Paraprofessional Teacher Aide 25-9099 Education. May record. and incorporate current technology in specialized fields that provide guidelines to educators and instructors for developing curricula and conducting courses. Paper Grader. Illustrative Examples: Architectural Modeler. gesture. Instrumentalist 27-2099 Entertainers and Performers. training. Comedian. Sculptors. Paddock Judge. Home Economic Extension Worker 25-9031 Instructional Coordinators (Curriculum Specialist) Develop instructional material. and lead instrumental or vocal performances by musical groups. film. Illustrative Examples: Director of Instructional Materials. Exclude "Dancers" (27-2031). Sports and Related Workers. weaving. May study scripts. All Other All artists and related workers not listed separately. Program Arranger 27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors Compete in athletic events. May direct and stage presentations. and needlecraft. commercial. Furniture Reproducer. in accompaniment. such as packaging. Home Lighting Adviser 27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers Plan and erect commercial displays. displays. coordinate educational content. All Other All entertainers and performers. Training. Illustrative Examples: Examination Proctor. or industrial buildings. Include arrangers. and arrange live. or logos. pottery. radio. Serve in a position for which a teacher or another professional has ultimate responsibility for the design and implementation of educational programs and services. layout design. Responsible for creative decisions. Furniture Arranger. Educational Consultant 25-9041 Teacher Assistants (Teacher Aide) Perform duties that are instructional in nature or deliver direct services to students or parents. sports and related workers not listed separately. and children's toys. May use a variety of mediums to achieve artistic or decorative effects. Illustrative Examples: Independent Film Maker. Home Economist) Advise. set design. and theater sets. Illustrative Examples: Ball Player. and orchestrators. such as raising productivity. agricultural-related processes. Illustrative Examples: Decorator. and glee clubs. and commercials. catalogue. and assist individuals and families engaged in agriculture. Baseball Club Manager 27-2023 Umpires. Interpret serious or comic role by speech. ENTERTAINMENT. All Other All education. Horse Trainer. television. band. or record in studios. design. Custom Furrier. and conducive to intended purposes. cut.

or other commercial products. and make speeches. 29-1062 Family and General Practitioners Diagnose. 29-1022 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons Perform surgery on mouth. or reproduce music. and help prevent diseases and injuries that commonly occur in the general population. Include subspecialists. or operating and maintenance instructions. Censor. Nutrition Director. Exclude "Public Relations Specialists" (27-3031) and "Technical Writers" (27-3042). and nutritional therapy. Illustrative Example: Dental Surgeon 29-1023 Orthodontists Examine. and maintain the electronic equipment used to transmit radio and television programs. clubs. Design and fabricate appliances to realign teeth and jaws to produce and maintain normal function and to improve appearance. Provide care mainly for adults who have a wide range of problems associated with the internal organs. and malformations of teeth and gums and related oral structures. Report and write stories for newspaper. sound and mixing boards. synchronize. advertising. to restore and maintain oral function. in preparation for final publication. Illustrative Example: Camera Operator 27-4031 Camera Operators. Stage Technician 27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians Set up or set up and operate audio and video equipment including microphones. Illustrative Examples: Endodontist. Foreign Correspondent 27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (Publicist) Engage in promoting or creating good will for individuals. prescribe corrective lenses. voices. to correct abnormal jaw relations by mandibular or maxillary revision. Industrial Pharmacist 29-1061 Anesthesiologists Administer anesthetics during surgery or other medical procedures. May supervise activities of a department providing quantity food services. dosage. such as exercise. Druggist. such as TV broadcasts. sports events. treat. Illustrative Example: Audio Engineer 27-4013 Radio Operators Receive and transmit communications using radiotelegraph or radiotelephone equipment in accordance with government regulations. and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. light. Illustrative Examples: Graphologist. and other material. and video. or other gathering places. May act as master of ceremonies or disc jockey at weddings. and treat dental malocclusions and oral cavity anomalies. and related electronic equipment for concerts. and related head and neck structure to execute difficult and multiple extractions of teeth. meetings and conventions. stories. Video Tape Duplicator 27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers. May develop negatives and produce finished prints. Illustrative Examples: Braille Translator. and other dental tissues affecting vitality of teeth. and revising content of written materials. Exclude "Prosthodontists" (29-1024). Illustrative Examples: Ringmaster. film. and side effects of medications. Copy Writer. Illustrative Example: Doctor of Optometry 29-1051 Pharmacists Dispense drugs prescribed by physicians and other health practitioners and provide information to patients about medications and their use. news magazine. Language Translator 27-3099 Media and Communication Workers. radio. May utilize supplementary measures. video production. Illustrative Example: Cinematographer 27-4032 Film and Video Editors Edit motion picture soundtracks. Newscaster 27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents (Commentator. to remove tumors and other abnormal growths. Illustrative Example: Radio Officer 27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians (Sound Editor) Operate machines and equipment to record. and news conferences. Illustrative Examples: Documentation Writer. All Other All media and communication equipment workers not listed separately. Illustrative Examples: Film Recordist. 29-1024 Prosthodontists Construct oral prostheses to replace missing teeth and other oral structures to correct natural and acquired deformation of mouth and jaws. 29-1029 Dentists.27-3012 Public Address System and Other Announcers Make announcements over loud speaker at sporting or other public events. Examine eyes and visual system. Illustrative Examples: Cue Selector. and provide treatment. Specifications Writer 27-3043 Writers and Authors Originate and prepare written material. Illustrative Examples: Apothecary. such as chewing and speaking. such as laying out. Examine patient to determine nature and extent of disorder. Illustrative Examples: Copy Editor. aerial photographers. and photojournalists. All Other All media and communication workers not listed separately. theater productions. water. subjects. groups. Television. diagnose problems or impairments. Illustrative Examples: Video Control Operator. investigation. Train Caller 27-3021 Broadcast News Analysts Analyze. 29-1021 Dentists. or movie and video productions. appendices. Control audio equipment to regulate volume level and quality of sound during radio and television broadcasts. merchandise. recording studios. Include technical editors. "Orthodontists" (29-1023). or to treat fractured jaws. Operate radio transmitter to broadcast radio and television programs. mix. Deaf Interpreter. or sound effects in sporting arenas. Columnist) Collect and analyze facts about newsworthy events by interview. Illustrative Examples: News Anchor. all other specialists" (29-1029). Press Secretary 27-3041 Editors (Technical Editor) Perform variety of editorial duties. Research Dietitian 29-1041 Optometrists Diagnose. General Diagnose and treat diseases. interactions. or organizations by writing or selecting favorable publicity material and releasing it through various communications media. Periodontist. Sound Effects Person 27-4021 Photographers Photograph persons. connecting wires and cables. May advise physicians and other health practitioners on the selection. or observation. or motion pictures. recording equipment. such as scripts. Video. Illustrative Examples: Radar Operator. manage. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions. and broadcast news received from various sources. such as equipment manuals. presentations. Include scientific photographers. video monitors. Illustrative Examples: Critic. Light Technician HEALTH PRACTITIONERS AND TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS 29-1011 Chiropractors Adjust spinal column and other articulations of the body to correct abnormalities of the human body believed to be caused by interference with the nervous system. or sign language text into another language for others. Assembly Instructions Writer. heat. All Other Specialists All dentists not listed separately. May assist in layout work. indexing. or motion picture camera to photograph images or scenes for various purposes. and to improve appearance. rest. to prepare mouth for insertion of dental prosthesis. "Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons" (29-1022) and "Dentists. Illustrative Examples: Crossword Puzzle Maker. jaws. advertisements. pulp. and Motion Picture Operate television. sound speakers. Illustrative Examples: Lobbyist. projectors. General Diagnose and provide non-surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of internal organ systems. such as cardiologists 14 . May also set up and operate associated spotlights and other custom lighting systems. Reviewer 27-3042 Technical Writers Write technical materials. operate. Commentator. or conduct nutritional research. oral. May repair equipment. counsel individuals. May treat diseases of nerve. video screens. Exclude "Sound Engineering Technicians" (27-4014). diagnose. May prepare and arrange displays. parties. 29-1063 Internists. Oral Pathologist 29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists Plan and conduct food service or nutritional programs to assist in the promotion of health and control of disease. Exclude "Broadcast News Analysts" (27-3021). interpret. video. Audio Visual Production Specialist 27-4012 Broadcast Technicians (Control Room Technician) Set up. Playwright 27-3091 Interpreters and Translators Translate or interpret written. Illustrative Examples: Public Health Dietitian. or television. injuries. Manipulate spine or other involved area.

red cell survival. and tracer studies utilizing a variety of radioisotope equipment. Administer nursing care to ill. and "Registered Nurses" (29-1111). and maintaining records. Transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities. Nurse Midwife) Assess patient health problems and needs. Dermatologist. treatment. Duties may include reviewing prescription and diagnosis. and deformities by invasive methods. and prevention of disease. convalescent. Illustrative Examples: Psychoanalyst. Include advance practice nurses such as: nurse practitioners. Include veterinarians who inspect livestock. Technician. May assess a patient condition and recommend appropriate recreational activity. Pulmonary Physical Therapist 29-1124 Radiation Therapists Provide radiation therapy to patients as prescribed by a radiologist according to established practices and standards. May work under the supervision of a medical technologist. 29-1156 Speech-Language Pathologists. Advanced practice nursing is practiced by RNs who have specialized formal. and fluency disorders. and protection devices. treat. voice. to disabled persons. Illustrative Examples: Physiotherapist. Respiratory Care Practitioner. reports. Subject patients to radiation. Illustrative Example: Ultrasonic Tester 29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists Prepare. Vascular Technologist) Conduct tests on pulmonary or cardiovascular systems of patients for diagnostic purposes. language. prescribe medication. treatment. language. voice. lung capacity. Activities include sports. May. organize. including the supervision of respiratory therapy technicians. Illustrative Example: Anesthesiologist Assistant 29-1081 Podiatrists Diagnose and treat diseases and deformities of the human foot. and fluency disorders. treatment. or disabled patients. and prevention of disease. All Other All physicians and surgeons not listed separately. Illustrative Examples: Orthopedic Surgeon. preparing equipment. May educate patients on oral hygiene. plan. check. and similar tests. and decrease or prevent deformity of patients suffering from disease or injury. under the supervision of a physician. Illustrative Example: Radioisotope Technician 29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians (X-Ray Technician) Take X-rays and CAT scans or administer nonradioactive materials into patient's blood stream for diagnostic purposes. relieve pain. Illustrative Examples: Animal Pathologist. Neuropsychiatrist 29-1067 Surgeons Treat diseases. and participate in rehabilitative programs that help restore vocational.and gastroenterologists. and arts and crafts. Illustrative Examples: CAT Scan Operator. such as research and development. and help prevent children's diseases and injuries. technical writing. May conduct or assist in electrocardiograms. treat. Licensing or registration required. or rendering of technical services to commercial firms or other organizations. acting as liaison with physician and supportive care personnel. head. and daily living skills. All Other All therapists not listed separately. Illustrative Examples: Podiatric Surgeon. "Medical Assistants" (31-9092). Speech Clinician 29-1129 Therapists. Must graduate from an accredited educational program for physician assistants. especially those affecting the reproductive system and the process of childbirth.G. Illustrative Example: Nursing Supervisor 29-1121 Audiologists Assess and treat persons with hearing and related disorders. Illustrative Examples: Blood Bank Technician. May engage in a particular function. Cardiovascular Surgeon. nursing homes. certified nurse midwives. Illustrative Example: Therapeutic Recreation Specialist 29-1126 Respiratory Therapists Assess. Veterinary Bacteriologist 29-1155 Speech-Language Pathologists. Music Therapist 29-1131 Veterinarians (Veterinary Inspector) Diagnose and treat diseases and dysfunctions of animals. develop and implement nursing care plans. Non R&D Assess and treat persons with speech. All Other All health diagnosing and treating practitioners not listed separately. R&D These persons spend the majority of their time researching speech and language disorders. May train or supervise staff. May select alternative communication systems and teach their use. injured. Illustrative Examples: Inhalation Therapist. and counsel patients. such as manual manipulation or by using instruments and appliances. Cytotechnologist. Hypnotherapist 29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists Perform complex medical laboratory tests for diagnosis. Prepare stock solutions of radioactive materials and calculate doses to be administered by radiologists. with "All Other Physicians" (29-1069). Radiation Therapy Technologist 29-1125 Recreational Therapists Plan. pulmonary-functions. and care for patients with breathing disorders. increase strength. as well as general independence. homemaking. or apply fluoride or sealants. administration. Ophthalmologist 29-1071 Physician Assistants Provide healthcare services typically performed by a physician. Serology Technician 29-2021 Dental Hygienists Clean teeth and examine oral areas. consultation. and fat absorption studies following standard laboratory techniques. General Diagnose. and participate in rehabilitative programs that improve mobility.M. Conduct complete physicals. and maintain medical records. Illustrative Example: Oral Hygienist 29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians (E. Pododermatologist 29-1111 Registered Nurses (Nurse Practitioner. cardiac catheterizations. Illustrative Example: E. maintain patient records. take and develop X-rays. Cardiopulmonary Technologist 29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers (Ultrasound Technologist) Produce ultrasonic recordings of internal organs for use by physicians. treat. Illustrative Examples: Oral Therapist. Animal Surgeon. May fit hearing aids and provide auditory training. 29-1064 Obstetricians and Gynecologists Diagnose. Cytotechnician. Include vascular technologists. Illustrative Example: Hearing Therapist 29-1122 Occupational Therapists Assess. Skiagrapher 29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics Assess injuries. 29-1066 Psychiatrists Diagnose. treat. Initiate and conduct therapeutic procedures. Illustrative Example: OB/Gyn 29-1065 Pediatricians. 29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners. administer. and select. Illustrative Examples: Dosimetrist. Immunohematologist 29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians Perform routine medical laboratory tests for the diagnosis. or other institutions. 15 . Include workers whose primary duties are to demonstrate portions of the human body on X-ray film or fluoroscopic screen. Execute blood volume. Exclude "Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics" (29-2041). May perform research related to hearing problems. May perform research related to speech and language problems. Oxygen Therapist 29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists (Speech Therapist) Assess and treat persons with speech. Assume primary responsibility for all respiratory care modalities. in some cases. and certified registered nurse anesthetists. Hydrotherapist.T. social activities. and extricate trapped individuals. dramatics. clinical nurse specialists. diagnostic. Illustrative Examples: Cardiographer. Homeopathic Doctor. Include technologists who specialize in other modalities. May assist in dosimetry procedures and tumor localization. May advise patients on health maintenance and disease prevention or provide case management. and help prevent diseases of women. Foot Orthopedist. plan. and neck for signs of oral disease. organize. 29-1123 Physical Therapists Assess. or coordinate medically-approved recreation programs for patients in hospitals. administer emergency medical care. and files. and operate equipment. provide treatment. direct. Illustrative Examples: Cardiologist. Illustrative Examples: Blood Bank Technologist. injuries. assemble. and help prevent disorders of the mind. Illustrative Examples: Corrective and Manual Arts Therapist. such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance. post-basic education and who function in highly autonomous and specialized roles.K. such as immobilization. sale or production of commercial products. trips. Illustrative Examples: Acupuncturist. Plastic Surgeon 29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons. and measure radioactive isotopes in therapeutic.

Orthopedic Mechanic 29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians. well defined respiratory care procedures under the direction of respiratory therapists and physicians. or grooming. bathe. bathe. personal healthcare. and biological agents or ergonomic factors. in accordance with State laws. help with personal hygiene. HEALTHCARE SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS 31-1011 Home Health Aides Provide routine. Encephalographer. Illustrative Example: Mine Examiner 29-9091 Athletic Trainers Evaluate. direct activity programs. supplies. 31-1011 Home Health Aides Provide routine. Orderlies. or other surgical personnel. groom. may plan and produce meals based on established guidelines. such as bathing. maintain. Illustrative Example: Oxygen Therapy Technician 29-2055 Surgical Technologists (Surgical Orderly) Assist in operations. Illustrative Examples: Dialysis Technician. or maintain peak physical fitness. 29-9099 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers. and treat athletes to assist recovery from injury. personal healthcare. Scrub Technician 29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians Perform medical tests in a laboratory environment for use in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases in animals. perform only delegated. under the supervision of surgeons. or grooming. and Attendants (Hospital Aide) Provide basic patient care under direction of nursing staff. document the progress of treatment. Industrial Hygienist 29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians Collect data on work environments for analysis by occupational health and safety specialists. advise. prepare and transport patients for surgery. Clean and sterilize instruments and materials and maintain equipment and machines. Illustrative Example: Physiotherapy Aide 29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians Collect data on work environments for analysis by occupational health and safety specialists. avoid injury. process. or maintain peak physical fitness. and execute laboratory tests. and help count sponges. and analyze work environments and design programs and procedures to control. such as urinalysis and blood counts. Exclude "Home Health Aides" (311011) and "Psychiatric Aides" (31-1013). and regulatory requirements of the health care system. All Other All healthcare practitioners and technical workers not listed separately. Exclude "Home Health Aides" (311011) and "Psychiatric Aides" (31-1013). dressing. dressing. 29-9099 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers. Illustrative Examples: Contact Lens Fitter. and administer oral medications and hypodermic injections. 31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants Assist physical therapists in providing physical therapy treatments and procedures. 29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians Care for mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed individuals. or move patients. Perform duties. Adjust frame and lens position to fit client. Prepare vaccines and serums for prevention of diseases. Measure customer for size of eyeglasses and coordinate frames with facial and eye measurements and optical prescription. Illustrative Example: Corrective Therapy Assistant 31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides Under close supervision of a physical therapist or physical therapy assistant. Illustrative Example: Mental Health Technician 29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians Provide specific. private homes. count out. measure. administrative. Monitor patients' physical and emotional well-being and report to medical staff. May. advise. selected. Illustrative Example: Occupational Therapy Technician 31-2012 Occupational Therapist Aides Under close supervision of an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant. Illustrative Examples: Health Sanitarian. Licensing required. clinics. Illustrative Examples: Disability Rater. and ergonomic risks to workers. and similar institutions. or change linens. or move patients. and maintain medical records of hospital and clinic patients in a manner consistent with medical. and report patient information for health requirements and standards. These duties include preparing the patient and the treatment area. pass instruments and other supplies to surgeons and surgeon's assistants. Process. Illustrative Example: Mine Examiner 29-9091 Athletic Trainers Evaluate. Illustrative Example: Licensed Attendant 29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians (Medical Records Librarian) Compile. Dispensing Design. physical. or routine tasks in specific situations. assist in development of treatment plans. following physician instructions and hospital procedures. and treat athletes to assist recovery from injury. and Attendants (Hospital Aide) Provide basic patient care under direction of nursing staff. Implement and conduct evaluation of programs designed to limit chemical. May help set up operating room. 29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians Prepare medications under the direction of a pharmacist. biological. cut sutures. registered nurses. Assist client with selecting frames. Illustrative Examples: Artificial Limb Fitter. to elderly. Generally requires formal training. evaluate. and ergonomic risks to workers. mix. convalescent. Hearing Aid Specialist 29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists (Health Inspector) Review. and record amounts and dosages of medications. or counsel individuals. May shape or reshape frames. take blood samples. Prepare tissue samples. Veterinary X-ray Operator 29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses (Maternity Nurse) Care for ill. needles. Illustrative Examples: Operating Room Technician. Generally requires formal training. or routine tasks in specific situations. such as bathing. or disabled persons in the home of patients or in a residential care facility. and prevent disease or injury caused by chemical. Prepare work order for optical laboratory containing instructions for grinding and mounting lenses in frames. dress. convalescent. Perform duties. working under direction of nursing and medical staff. All Other All healthcare practitioners and technical workers not listed separately. Under the supervision of dietitians. carry out routine functions. to elderly. and document the progress of treatments. Illustrative Examples: Animal Technician. compile. such as feed. ethical. adjust lights and equipment. label. 16 . Orderlies. physical. fit. or change linens. Illustrative Examples: Charge Attendant. These duties include preparing patient and treatment room. hold retractors. dress. May be employed in the public or private sector. Infirmary Attendant 31-1013 Psychiatric Aides Assist mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed patients. injured. May measure. All Other All health technologists and technicians not listed separately. Medical Library Historian 29-2081 Opticians. Eyeglass Fitter 29-2091 Orthotists and Prosthetists Assist patients with disabling conditions of limbs and spine or with partial or total absence of limb by fitting and preparing orthopedic braces or prostheses. Include environmental protection officers. groom. in accordance with State laws.29-2051 Dietetic Technicians Assist dietitians in the provision of food service and nutritional programs. assist in the development of treatment plans. May. Implement and conduct evaluation of programs designed to limit chemical. May work under the supervision of a registered nurse. and modify specific treatments in accordance with patient status and within the scope of treatment plans established by a physical therapist. and instruments. or disabled persons in hospitals. Medical Records Specialist. teach principles of food and nutrition. group homes. avoid injury. May participate in rehabilitation and treatment programs. such as feed. nursing homes. biological. Include contact lens opticians. Verify exactness of finished lens spectacles. or disabled persons in the home of patients or in a residential care facility. carry out routine functions. Illustrative Example: Home Attendant 31-1012 Nursing Aides. Illustrative Example: Home Attendant 31-1012 Nursing Aides. physical. eliminate. selected. and adapt lenses and frames for client according to written optical prescription or specification. May conduct inspections and enforce adherence to laws and regulations governing the health and safety of individuals. legal. Psychiatric Orderly 31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants Assist occupational therapists in providing occupational therapy treatments and procedures. convalescent. Illustrative Examples: Certified Nursing Assistant. perform only delegated.

or passengers. operations. in accordance with State laws. assist in development of treatment plans. sterilize. Illustrative Examples: Forest Fire Control Officer. store incoming merchandise. prison. emergency medical service. water. Fireboat Operator. or prepare samples for laboratory examination under the supervision of veterinary or laboratory animal technologists or technicians. and sterilize laboratory and surgical equipment. Illustrative Examples: Parking Enforcement Officer. billing. Custodial Officer. hazardous material response. Campus Police. Reducing Salon Attendant PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS 33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers Supervise and coordinate activities of correctional officers and jailers. Infirmary Attendant 31-1013 Psychiatric Aides Assist mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed patients. Illustrative Example: Physiotherapy Aide 31-9011 Massage Therapists Massage customers for hygienic or remedial purposes. May. Psychiatric Orderly 31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants Assist occupational therapists in providing occupational therapy treatments and procedures. Clinical duties may include taking and recording vital signs and medical histories. set up patient and equipment. or other point. Illustrative Examples: Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technician. perform only delegated. disease. Fire Marshal 33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers. Fire Ranger 33-3011 Bailiffs Maintain order in courts of law. diagnostic imaging studies. working under direction of nursing and medical staff. Administrative duties may include scheduling appointments. direct traffic. All Other All protective service supervisors not listed separately above. All Other All healthcare support workers not listed separately. property. Illustrative Example: Medical Stenographer 31-9095 Pharmacy Aides Record drugs delivered to the pharmacy. Illustrative Examples: Border Guard. Hot Packer. Include deputy sheriffs and police who spend the majority of their time guarding prisoners in correctional institutions. May guard prisoners in transit between jail. 31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers. Smoke Jumper 33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators Inspect buildings to detect fire hazards and enforce local ordinances and State laws. Supervisor Plant Protection 33-2011 Fire Fighters Control and extinguish fires or respond to emergency situations where life. Illustrative Examples: Railroad Detective. Perform combination of following duties: patrol a specific area on foot or in a vehicle. selected. These duties include preparing the patient and the treatment area. or clean laboratory or healthcare equipment. or the environment is at risk. document the progress of treatment. Illustrative Example: Arson Investigator 33-2022 Forest Fire Inspectors and Prevention Specialists Enforce fire regulations and inspect for forest fire hazards. carry out routine functions. Illustrative Examples: Convict Guard. install. Wildlife Control Agent 33-3041 Parking Enforcement Workers (Meter Maid) Patrol assigned area. Illustrative Examples: Court Officer. or serve legal processes of courts. Transcribe dictated reports and translate medical jargon and abbreviations into their expanded forms. and keep records. May operate cash register and accept prescriptions for filling. direct activity programs. Prescription Clerk 31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers Feed. Illustrative Examples: Bandage Maker. veterinarians. Illustrative Example: Ophthalmic Aide 31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers Prepare. or unattended animals. State. and coding for insurance purposes. Investigate reports of damage to crops or property by wildlife. and document the progress of treatments. such as public parking lot or section of city to issue tickets to overtime parking violators and illegally parked vehicles. and modify specific treatments in accordance with patient status and within the scope of treatment plans established by a physical therapist. Rubber 31-9091 Dental Assistants Assist dentist. issue traffic summonses. Illustrative Examples: Dispensary Attendant. or correction. Illustrative Examples: Prison Guard Supervisor. 31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants Assist physical therapists in providing physical therapy treatments and procedures. and protect life and property in an assigned patrol district. Supervisor Animal Cruelty Investigation. or scientists. or injury in laboratories and animal hospitals and clinics. employees. Duties may include fire prevention. Illustrative Examples: State Game Protector. drawing blood. Prison Warden 33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives (Police Chief) Supervise and coordinate activities of members of police force.Illustrative Examples: Certified Nursing Assistant. Illustrative Examples: Security Director. Exclude "Private Detectives and Investigators" (33-9021). search and rescue. and inform the supervisor of stock needs. administer medication orally or topically. Parking Meter Checker 33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers Maintain order. or control of abandoned. Edit as necessary and return reports in either printed or electronic form to the dictator for review and signature. Report forest fires and weather conditions. and final summaries. Exclude "Physician Assistants" (29-1071). Illustrative Examples: Fire Captain. enforce laws and ordinances. and examine pets and other nonfarm animals for signs of illness. Generally requires formal training. preparing patients for examination. Sterilizer 31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists Use transcribing machines with headset and foot pedal to listen to recordings by physicians and other healthcare professionals dictating a variety of medical reports. District Ranger. 31-9092 Medical Assistants (Physician’s Aide. May perform routine laboratory tasks and operate or inspect equipment. Illustrative Examples: Police Inspector. investigate accidents. Narcotics Agent 33-3031 Fish and Game Wardens (Wildlife Officer) Patrol assigned area to prevent fish and game law violations. perform only delegated. Compile biological data. apprehend and arrest suspects. These duties include preparing patient and treatment room. or routine tasks in specific situations. May. Illustrative Example: Occupational Therapy Technician 31-2012 Occupational Therapist Aides Under close supervision of an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant. maintaining medical records. and disaster management. Investigate and gather facts to determine cause of fires and explosions. Illustrative Examples: Phlebotomist. Track Patrol 33-9011 Animal Control Workers Handle animals for the purpose of investigations of mistreatment. Generally requires formal training. chart reviews. Illustrative Examples: Charge Attendant. Sergeant at Arms 33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers Guard inmates in penal or rehabilitative institution in accordance with established regulations and procedures. Illustrative Examples: Masseuse. Illustrative Example: Precinct Captain 33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers (Fire Chief) Supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in fire fighting and fire prevention and control. May provide routine post-operative care. Exclude "Nonfarm Animal Caretakers" (39-2021). in accordance with State laws. dangerous. Deputy United States Marshal. such as emergency room visits. Masseur. or local laws to prevent or solve crimes. or routine tasks in specific situations. assist in the development of treatment plans. Clean and disinfect cages and work areas. Morgue Attendant) Perform administrative and certain clinical duties under the direction of physician. carry out routine functions. Protective Service Workers. Prison Guard 33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators Conduct investigations related to suspected violations of Federal. City Constable 33-3052 Transit and Railroad Police Protect and police railroad and transit property. selected. and administering medications as directed by physician. courtroom. 17 . Illustrative Example: Corrective Therapy Assistant 31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides Under close supervision of a physical therapist or physical therapy assistant.

35-2021 Food Preparation Workers (Kitchen Helper) Perform a variety of food preparation duties other than cooking. and other chemicals. desserts. Short Order Prepare and cook to order a variety of foods that require only a short preparation time. replace soiled table linens. May order supplies. Cafeteria. performing routine maintenance activities. Galley Cook 35-2013 Cooks. Lawn Service. direct. Watchguard 33-9091 Crossing Guards (Flagger) Guide or control vehicular or pedestrian traffic at such places as streets. Building Custodian. All Other All food preparation and serving related workers not listed separately. Cafeteria. or monitor premises to prevent theft. and help ensure quality of facilities and service. or utensils. shampooing rugs. and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers Monitor recreational areas. Mess Cook. Tray Setter 35-9021 Dishwashers Clean dishes. Observe casino or casino hotel operation for irregular activities such as cheating or theft by either employees or patrons. such as hotels. Illustrative Examples: Casino Surveillance Officer. shrubs. installing patios. and keep records and accounts. 33-9099 Protective Service Workers. pesticides. cleaning rooms and halls. Illustrative Examples: Caterers Aide. Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners Keep buildings in clean and orderly condition. and vacuuming. Fast Food Prepare and cook food in a fast food restaurant with a limited menu. hospitals. Illustrative Examples: Cocktail Waiter. and brewing coffee or tea. and serve water. seat them at tables or in lounge. and lawns. material. meats. railroad crossings. according to contract specifications. examine. Illustrative Examples: Barkeeper. Illustrative Examples: Camp Cook. Pot Washer 35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses. Duties may include tending furnace and boiler. Cafeteria. such as preparing cold foods and shellfish. Restaurant Prepare. or infractions of rules. and from desk. vegetables. Exclude "Counter Attendants. Hot Dog Attendant 35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses Take orders and serve food and beverages to patrons at tables in dining establishment. Food Concession. constructing pathways. and machine costs. Nonrestaurant (Tray-Service Worker) Serve food to patrons outside of a restaurant environment. Bus Monitor Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks Direct the preparation. set tables. Pastry Chef. May also coordinate activities of workers engaged in terracing hillsides. such as cleaning floors. Illustrative Examples: Executive Chef. Sandwich Maker 35-3011 Bartenders Mix and serve drinks to patrons. Including Fast Food Perform duties which combine both food preparation and food service. and compile information for client. Humane Officer 33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators Detect occurrences of unlawful acts or infractions of rules in private establishment. 35-2014 Cooks.Illustrative Examples: Animal Warden. Taproom Attendant 35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers. Illustrative Examples: Floor Cleaner. offices. or other foodstuffs in restaurants. and Coffee Shop" (35-3022). Illustrative Examples: Fry Cook. and Groundskeeping Workers Plan. order supplies. Food Concession. washing walls and glass. such as in hotels. price items on menu. and coffee to patrons. and Coffee Shop Serve food to diners at counter or from a steam table. Use of audio/video equipment is also common to observe operation of the business. Illustrative Examples: Maitre D'. Bar Manager 35-2011 Cooks. and dishes. Sous Chef 35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers Supervise workers engaged in preparing and serving food. slicing meat. Illustrative Examples: Building Superintendent. Illustrative Examples: Gate Operator. Food Concession. Usually required to provide verbal and written reports of all violations and suspicious behavior to supervisor. Lounge. or coordinate activities of workers engaged in landscaping or groundskeeping activities. Illustrative Examples: Broiler Cook. Restaurant. Casino Investigator 33-9032 Security Guards (Bouncer) Guard. Room Service Clerk 35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers (Busser) Facilitate food service. Illustrative Examples: Curb Attendant. Duties of the cooks are limited to preparation of a few basic items and normally involve operating large-volume single-purpose cooking equipment. or cars. Pizza Maker 35-2012 Cooks. 18 . Illustrative Example: House Detective 33-9031 Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators Act as oversight and security agent for management and customers. News and Street Vendors. vegetables. machine. Glass Washer. Illustrative Examples: Park Ranger. Illustrative Examples: Coffee Maker. schools. or ski slopes to provide assistance and protection to participants. May take orders from customers and serve patrons at counters or tables. organize. fish. food preparation equipment. or seek. silverware. and Coffee Shop" (35-3022). Snack Bar Attendant. Illustrative Examples: Lunchroom Attendant. Wine Steward. such as pools. material. or cafeterias. or other foods. hospitals. and price ranges. and other establishments. patrol. kitchen. School Patrol 33-9092 Lifeguards. Include counter attendants who also wait tables with "Waiters and Waitresses" (35-3031). Ski Patrol. All Other All cooks not listed separately. season. and applying fertilizers. May utilize one-way mirrors above the casino floor. Cafeteria Line Runner BUILDING AND GROUNDS CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE OCCUPATIONS 37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers Supervise work activities of cleaning personnel in hotels. meats. replenish supply of clean linens. Housekeeping Supervisor 37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping. such as schools. Work may involve reviewing contracts to ascertain service. Illustrative Examples: Bed Maker. Illustrative Examples: Canteen Operator. seasoning. Mess Attendant 35-3022 Counter Attendants. May participate in cooking. notifying management of need for repairs. Head Waitress 35-3041 Food Servers. Chamber Maid. and Related Workers" (41-9091) and "Counter Attendants. violence. and removing rubbish. Illustrative Examples: Bodyguard. cashier's cage. butter. and cooking of salads. beaches. keep records and accounts. and cleaning snow or debris from sidewalk. Illustrative Examples: Landscape Contractor. and work force requirements. Specialty Foreign Food Cook. carry dirty dishes. Nursery Supervisor 37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners. Garde-manger 35-2015 Cooks. and cook soups. in a clean and orderly manner. hospital rooms. soups. Deli Clerk. or construction sites. Griddle Cook 35-2019 Cooks. glassware. answering inquiries from potential customers regarding methods. Household Manager. Illustrative Examples: Cafeteria Manager. May plan and price menu items. Illustrative Examples: Kitchen Cleaner. such as planting and maintaining ornamental trees. Dining Room Host 35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers. Exclude "Door-toDoor Sales Workers. building retaining walls. and similar activities in following a landscape design plan. Duties include making beds. and preparing estimates according to labor. Illustrative Examples: Vending Machine Attendant. Caterer. or plan menu. Private Household Prepare meals in private homes. All Other All protective service workers not listed separately. Hospital Tray-Service Worker. Illustrative Examples: Barbecue Cook. Institution and Cafeteria Prepare and cook large quantities of food for institutions. supply service bar with food. Golf Course Superintendent. Exclude "Fast Food Cooks" (35-2011). flowers. Housekeeper 37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers. restaurants. and hospitals. SurveillanceSystem Monitor. and Coffee Shop Welcome patrons. Dog Catcher. desserts. directly or through waitstaff. All Other All building cleaning workers not listed separately. Window Washer 37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners Perform any combination of light cleaning duties to maintain private households or commercial establishments. replenishing linens. Clean tables. Perform heavy cleaning duties.

Lion Trainer 39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers (Groomer) Feed. such as collecting admission tickets and passes from patrons. fit. animal shelters. raking. and Ticket Takers Assist patrons at entertainment events by performing duties. health. ornamental fish or birds. or utilities. dress wigs. Illustrative Examples: Dog Groomer. Scan winning tickets presented by patrons. Sprayers. and provide nail and skin care services. disinfect. such as shampooing. Crop. or to improve appearance. Sprayers. Keno Runner 39-3019 Gaming Service Workers. Hairstylists. Workers typically perform a variety of tasks. Air Purifier Servicer 37-2021 Pest Control Workers (Exterminator) Spray or release chemical solutions or toxic gases and set traps to kill pests and vermin. Illustrative Examples: Door Attendant. mowing. Chip Mucker. Illustrative Examples: Caddymaster. and Dressing Room Attendants Provide personal items to patrons or customers in locker rooms. bathe. May announce number selected until total numbers specified for each game are selected. Illustrative Example: Fingernail Sculptor 39-5093 Shampooers Shampoo and rinse customers' hair. and animals received or discharged. Vegetation" (37-3012) and "Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers" (37-3011). setting. termites. Lobby Attendants. Jockey Valet 39-3099 Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers. vapors. May clean. Illustrative Examples: Shill. soil incorporation or chemical application on trees. Illustrative Examples: Arcade Attendant. or caddies. verify and record patrons' cash wagers. closing casket. maintain and provide equipment to participants of sporting events or recreational pursuits. dressing rooms. Illustrative Example: Department Store Greeter 39-4011 Embalmers Prepare bodies for interment in conformity with legal requirements. such as cutting. trimming beards. Golf Course Starter 39-3092 Costume Attendants Select. Ensure that stations and games are covered for each shift. trimming. Illustrative Examples: Mortician Helper. hairdressers. and styling hair. coloring. Prune or treat trees or shrubs using handsaws. Verify and payoff jackpots. 39-4021 Funeral Attendants Perform variety of tasks during funeral. Illustrative Examples: Bathhouse Attendant. Compare the house's hand against players' hands and payoff or collect players' money or chips. Barber Shop Manager. harness. Illustrative Examples: Dog Trainer. and issuing and storing funeral equipment.Illustrative Examples: Chimney Sweep. planting. Circulate among tables and observe operations. Work in settings such as kennels. May polish or decorate nails. perform hair removal. and aid entertainers. Vegetation Mix or apply pesticides. or coatrooms. which may include any combination of the following: sod laying. that infest buildings and surrounding areas. and take care of costumes for cast members. or insecticides through sprays. May plan and organize activities and create friendly atmosphere for guests in hotels/casinos. Reset slot machines after payoffs. exercise. assisting in finding seats. Fumigator 37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers (Greenskeeper. Stable Attendant 39-3011 Gaming Dealers Operate table games. Illustrative Examples: Blackjack Dealer. All Other All gaming service workers not listed separately. and situation of their role. Illustrative Examples: Exterminator Helper. such as placing casket in parlor or chapel prior to service. Illustrative Examples: Landscape Gardener. Theatrical and Performance Apply makeup to performers to reflect period. May keep records of feedings. directing or escorting mourners. May fill cavities in trees to promote healing and prevent deterioration. pens. searching for lost articles. Exclude "Slot Key Persons" (39-1012). Illustrative Examples: Tree Doctor. Exclude "Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers" (319096). Dresser 39-3093 Locker Room. watering. zoos. and clippers. May schedule use of recreation facilities. Illustrative Examples: Executive Casino Host. fungicides. arranging floral offerings or lights around casket. and Greenhouse" (45-2092). Pallbearer 39-5011 Barbers Provide barbering services. Illustrative Examples: Fruit Sprayer. sidewalks. 39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists Clean and shape customers' fingernails and toenails. Illustrative Examples: Chief Projectionist. such as mice. or assisting persons with disabilities. All Other All grounds maintenance workers not listed separately. Wig Stylist. Illustrative Examples: Sheet Writer. herbicides. groom. Exclude "Farmworkers and Laborers. calculate amount of winnings and pay patrons. Coatroom. Illustrative Example: Scalp Treatment Operator 19 . and value of tree. sheers. Nursery. Recommend removal of slot machines for repair. May use truck-mounted lifts and power pruners. or giving shaves. or otherwise care for pets and other nonfarm animals. treatments. security. and massaging and treating scalp. May start gaming equipment that randomly selects numbers. Report hazards and enforces safety rules. shrubs. or botanical crops. Illustrative Example: Slot Floor Person 39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers Supervise and coordinate activities of personal service workers. Handle and settle complaints of players. Sprinkler Installer) Landscape or maintain grounds of property using hand or power tools or equipment. May also apply makeup. Train animals according to prescribed standards for show or competition. circuses. fertilizing. Usually requires specific training and State or Federal certification. and condition animals to respond to commands. May adjust service complaints. Weed Controller 37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners Cut away dead or excess branches from trees or shrubs to maintain right-of-way for roads. cats. and installation of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units. PERSONAL CARE AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS 39-1011 Gaming Supervisors Supervise gaming operations and personnel in an assigned area. performance. Hair Cutter 39-5012 Hairdressers. May pick up tickets from players. Pit Clerk 39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists Set up and operate motion picture projection and related sound reproduction equipment. trimming. and Applicators. Accustom animals to human voice and contact. collect bets. Health Club Manager 39-2011 Animal Trainers Train animals for riding. Horse Breaker. Grape Vine Pruner 37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers. such as supervisors of flight attendants. cutting. and Applicators. and repair cages. Exclude workers who primarily perform duties of "Pesticide Handlers. All Other All entertainment attendants and related workers not listed separately. Keno Writer. receive. Ticket Collector 39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants (Caddy) Perform variety of attending duties at amusement or recreation facility. and roaches. or obedience. Exclude "Commercial Pilots" (53-2012) who operate aviation equipment to dust or spray crops. Illustrative Examples: Beautician. shampooing. Outdoor Sprinkler Installer 37-3012 Pesticide Handlers. and aquariums. or fish tanks. lawns. and styling hair. Illustrative Examples: Wardrobe Custodian. and Cosmetologists Provide beauty services. May train animals to carry pack loads or work as part of pack team. Roulette Dealer. May explain and interpret operating rules of house to patrons. Illustrative Examples: Barber Apprentice. such as dogs. and mice. zoo animals. Stand or sit behind table and operate games of chance by dispensing the appropriate number of cards or blocks to players. or operating other gaming equipment. Electrologist 39-5091 Makeup Artists. May operate keno and bingo equipment. Film Projector Operator 39-3031 Ushers. Make minor repairs or adjustments to slot machines. sprinkler installation. Table Games Supervisor. pruning hooks. and locating such facilities as rest rooms and telephones. water. digging. or operate amusement concessions and rides. Craps Dealer 39-3012 Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners Assist in the operation of games such as keno and bingo. dusts. Pit Boss 39-1012 Slot Key Persons Coordinate/supervise functions of slot department workers to provide service to patrons. Kennel Worker.

including graphic art. Insurance Solicitor. Supervisor of Cashiers 41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers Directly supervise and coordinate activities of sales workers other than retail sales workers. or be employed by an insurance company. or other types of insurance. Illustrative Examples: Investment Banker. Flower Shop Manager. Commodities. Illustrative Example: Cruise Director 39-6031 Flight Attendants Provide personal services to ensure the safety and comfort of airline passengers during flight. Those required to hold teaching degrees should be reported in the appropriate teaching category. normally obtained from at least 2 years of post-secondary education. businesses. Exclude "Cashiers" (41-2011). May perform duties. bonds. and electronics. in addition to supervisory duties. custom made signs. buses. health. Wallpaper Salesperson 41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents Sell or solicit advertising. taking into account the needs and interests of individual members. casualty. Skycap 39-6012 Concierges Assist patrons at hotel. May refer clients to independent brokers. Illustrative Examples: Parts Clerk. or related equipment. repairs. such as furniture. Illustrative Examples: Auction Clerk. Illustrative Examples: Playground Director. and household utilities. May operate a booth in the slot machine area and furnish change persons with money bank at the start of the shift. engineering. and child care institutions. and accept payment. Observe participants and inform them of corrective measures necessary to improve their skills. Illustrative Examples: Dormitory Supervisor. in addition to supervisory duties. Duties may include management functions. and securities counseling. budgeting. May take messages. Illustrative Example: Carousel Attendant 41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks Receive orders for repairs. tax. serving meals or beverages. Telecommunications Consultant 41-4011 Sales Representatives. Illustrative Examples: Exercise Teacher. Wholesale and Manufacturing. Provide financial services. and market conditions. 39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops Handle baggage for travelers at transportation terminals or for guests at hotels or similar establishments. Illustrative Examples: District Sales Manager. Nanny 39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides Assist elderly or disabled adults with daily living activities at the person's home or in a daytime nonresidential facility. Illustrative Examples: Page. cash registers. Haberdasher. May obtain leases for outdoor advertising sites or persuade retailer to use sales promotion display items. explaining the use of safety equipment. Dry Cleaning Manager. and furnishings. Governess. modes of transportation. apartment or office building with personal services. the elderly. or similar establishments. Pension Agent 41-3031 Securities. or call upon businesses and individuals to sell financial services. Exclude "Preschool Teachers" (25-2011) and "Teacher Assistants" (25-9041). such as industrial establishments. or TV and radio advertising time. Illustrative Examples: Airplane-Charter Clerk. Pharmaceutical Representative 20 . Services. May advise families. arrange or give advice on transportation. Illustrative Examples: Baggage Handler. Greet passengers. appliances. Illustrative Examples: Insurance Broker. doing laundry. Disbursement Clerk 41-2012 Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers (Slot Attendant) Exchange coins and tokens for patrons' money. and overseeing play. Lobby Porter. Illustrative Examples: Shoe Shiner. Order supplies and determine need for maintenance. or within the station or terminal. Illustrative Examples: Car Dealer. private households. Chaperone. Oilfield Equipment Sales Representative. verify tickets. Illustrative Examples: Travel Consultant. Illustrative Examples: Flight Steward. May issue payoffs and obtain customer's signature on receipt when winnings exceed the amount held in the slot machine.39-5094 Skin Care Specialists (Esthetician) Provide skin care treatments to face and body to enhance an individual's appearance. such as loan. Activities Director 39-9041 Residential Advisors Coordinate activities for residents of boarding schools. Skate Shop Attendant 41-2022 Parts Salespersons Sell spare and replacement parts and equipment in repair shop or parts store. Illustrative Examples: Department Manager. Illustrative Examples: Blind Escort. college fraternities or sororities. or apparel in a retail establishment. dramatics. May provide meals and supervised activities at nonresidential care facilities. May describe available options. social recreation. Geriatric Aide 39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors (Personal Trainer) Instruct or coach groups or individuals in exercise activities and the fundamentals of sports. Electronic Parts Salesperson 41-2031 Retail Salespersons Sell merchandise. camping. advertising space in publications. music. travel dates. such as greeting passengers. tours. accounting. Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters Provide services to ensure the safety and comfort of passengers aboard ships. Illustrative Examples: Data Processing Sales Representative. such as purchasing. Illustrative Examples: Baby Sitter. compute cost. May refer residents to counseling resources if needed. cleanliness. or volunteer agencies or recreation facilities. Ground Attendant. Exclude "Athletic Trainers" (299091). such as arts and crafts. and Financial Services Sales Agents (Stock Broker) Buy and sell securities in investment and trading firms. Organize and promote activities. Illustrative Examples: Radio Time Salesperson. and services. motor vehicles. automotive. such as budgeting. and accommodations required. property. Yellow Pages Salesperson. public buildings. feeding. and expeditions for individuals and groups. work as independent broker. and hobbies. bathing. Perform a variety of tasks. and disabled on such things as nutrition. or answering questions related to travel. and personnel work. 39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts Escort individuals or groups on sightseeing tours or through places of interest. House Parent 39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers. Auto Parts Salesperson. May maintain household records and assign rooms. washing dishes) and preparing meals. chemistry. Subway Conductor 39-9011 Child Care Workers (Bus Monitor) Attend to children at schools. rentals. organize. Sightseeing Guide 39-6022 Travel Guides (Tour Director) Plan. explain use of safety equipment. Usually involves use of electronic scanners. Travel Counselor 41-3099 Sales Representatives. games. Leasing Agent Outdoor Advertising 41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents Sell life. Caregiver. Yoga Teacher 39-9032 Recreation Workers (Camp Counselor) Conduct recreation activities with groups in public. costs. and art galleries. Technical and Scientific Products Sell goods for wholesalers or manufacturers where technical or scientific knowledge is required in such areas as biology. Airline Stewardess 39-6032 Transportation Attendants. All Other All personal care and service workers not listed separately. All Other All services sales representatives not listed separately. college dormitories. such as dressing. private. and serve food or beverages. May advise securities customers about such things as stocks. Blood-Donor Recruiter Supervisor 41-2011 Cashiers (Toll Collector) Receive and disburse money in establishments other than financial institutions. Stock Trader 41-3041 Travel Agents Plan and sell transportation and accommodations for travel agency customers. and personnel work. and conduct long distance cruises. accounting. Demonstrate techniques and methods of participation. business services or entertainment. Determine destination. Servant SALES AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS 41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers Directly supervise sales workers in a retail establishment or department. trains. Often involved in processing credit or debit card transactions and validating checks. sports. Car Rental Agent. Illustrative Examples: Electronics Sales Representative. Perform duties. or count and audit money in drawers. or monitor guest requests for housekeeping and maintenance. Illustrative Examples: Club Car Attendant. Duties performed at a place of residence may include keeping house (making beds.

Voucher Examiner 43-3041 Gaming Cage Workers In a gaming establishment. answer official correspondence. Prepare billing invoices for services rendered or for delivery or shipment of goods. Duties may include gathering data to formulate reply and typing correspondence. Credit Rating Inspector 43-4051 Customer Service Representatives Interact with customers to provide information in response to inquiries about products and services and to handle and resolve complaints. Include chief clerks with "Managers. May pose for photos to be used for advertising purposes. or unsatisfactory services. Telephone Solicitor 41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers. Auctioneer OFFICE AND ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS 43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers Supervise and coordinate the activities of clerical and administrative support workers. overseeing real estate transactions. Stock Room Manager. verifying stock transactions. May sell gambling chips. Illustrative Example: Telegraph Operator 43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors Locate and notify customers of delinquent accounts by mail. Industrial Machinery Sales Engineer. Teller Supervisor 43-2011 Switchboard Operators. and other numerical data for billing purposes. May supply information to callers and record messages. Accounting. Routing Operator 43-2099 Communications Equipment Operators. and Related Workers Sell goods or services door-to-door or on the street. interview prospective clients. All Other All communications equipment operators not listed separately. Illustrative Examples: Claims Supervisor. calculations. compute. Illustrative Examples: Credit Interviewer. and interoffice calls. accompany clients to property site. Illustrative Examples: Property and Supply Officer. telephone. Except Technical and Scientific Products Sell goods for wholesalers or manufacturers to businesses or groups of individuals. Purchasing Clerk 43-3071 Tellers Receive and pay out money. Exchange Operator. Telephone Service Adviser 21 . Illustrative Examples: Communication Center Operator. Illustrative Examples: Foreign Exchange Clerk. secure information for judges and court. May prepare paychecks. statistical. Illustrative Examples: Diamond Broker. and Auditing Clerks Compute. Timekeeper 43-3061 Procurement Clerks Compile information and records to draw up purchase orders for procurement of materials and services. credit and other information. May handle emergency calls and assist children or people with physical disabilities to make telephone calls. and commission. Illustrative Examples: Telephone Salesperson. and Clerks (Loan Adjuster) Authorize credit charges against customers' accounts. Wool Merchant 41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters Demonstrate merchandise and answer questions for the purpose of creating public interest in buying the product. Money Order Clerk. 41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents (Buyer Broker) Rent. damage claims. May also check the accuracy of figures. or tickets to currency upon patron's request. May interview applicants to obtain personal and financial data. May use a cash register or computer to record transaction. Right of Way Agent 41-9031 Sales Engineers Sell business goods or services. discuss conditions of sale. Passenger Relations Representative. Perform duties. Illustrative Examples: Portfolio Assistant. and verifying duties to obtain primary financial data for use in maintaining accounting records. Keep records of money and negotiable instruments involved in a financial institution's various transactions. Illustrative Examples: Fashion Model. May prepare docket of cases to be called. Illustrative Examples: Accounts Receivable Clerk. Telephone Answering Service Operator 43-2021 Telephone Operators (Directory Assistance Operator) Provide information by accessing alphabetical and geographical directories. Securities Teller Information and Record Clerks 43-4011 Brokerage Clerks Perform clerical duties involving the purchase or sale of securities. Checkers. Warrant Clerk 43-4041 Credit Authorizers. Photographer's Model 41-9021 Real Estate Brokers Operate real estate office. Installment Agent 43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators Compile. Illustrative Examples: Attendance Clerk. Perform any combination of routine calculating. process applications. keep fiscal records and accounts. production. issue licenses or permits. posting. conduct financial transactions for patrons. 43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks Compile and post employee time and payroll data. Accept patron's credit application and verify credit references to provide check-cashing authorization or to establish house credit accounts. May compute and post wages and deductions. Oil Distributor. retail establishments. or sell property for clients. Illustrative Examples: Long Distance Operator. All Other" (11-9199). Ledger Clerk. or to other workers for resale to patrons. May convert gaming chips. municipalities. or collect fees. Illustrative Examples: Payment Collector. outgoing. Illustrative Examples: Peddler. and governmental licensing agencies and bureaus. Illustrative Examples: Collection Correspondent. Dividend Clerk. May reconcile daily summaries of transactions to balance books. May compute employees' time worked. preparing statements to credit department if customer fails to respond. or personal visit to solicit payment. Illustrative Examples: Bridal Consultant. determine credit worthiness. and License Clerks (Register of Deeds) Perform clerical duties in courts of law. and record numerical data to keep financial records complete. Illustrative Examples: Calculating Machine Operator. Payroll Bookkeeper. classify. or work for commercial real estate firm. such as charges to a third party and credits or refunds for incorrectly dialed numbers or bad connections. computing equity. Fund Raiser. accepting and delivering securities. and draw up real estate contracts. Municipal. sculptures. Work requires substantial knowledge of items sold. and postings pertaining to business transactions recorded by other workers. Including Answering Service Operate telephone business systems equipment or switchboards to relay incoming. ExhibitDisplay Representative 41-9012 Models Model garments and other apparel to display clothing before prospective buyers at fashion shows. Assist customers with special billing requests. Investigate history and credit standing of individuals or business establishments applying for credit. and notify customers of acceptance or rejection of credit. Duties include receiving payment and posting amount to customer's account. tracking stock price fluctuations. and keeping records of daily transactions and holdings. private showings. Exclude individuals whose duties are primarily sales or repair. Nuclear Equipment Sales Engineer 41-9041 Telemarketers Solicit orders for goods or services over the telephone. Telephone Quotation Clerk 43-4021 Correspondence Clerks Compose letters in reply to requests for merchandise. Exclude "Engineers" (17-2011 through 17-2199) whose primary function is not marketing or sales. Duties include writing orders for stock purchases and sales. tokens. buy. tokens. Illustrative Examples: Complaint Adjuster. Other duties usually include selling real estate or renting properties and arranging loans. May pose as subject for paintings. Mannequin . Fan Mail Editor 43-4031 Court. accounting. incorrect billings. and record billing. record data. Rating Clerk 43-3031 Bookkeeping. Land Agent. Illustrative Examples: Aeronautical Products Sales Engineer. administer tests. distributing dividends. Direct Selling 41-9099 Sales and Related Workers. All Other All sales and related workers not listed separately. initiating repossession proceedings or service disconnection. prepare draft agendas or bylaws for town or city council. Illustrative Examples: Apartment Rental Agent. such as study property listings. Include agents who represent buyer. Illustrative Examples: Circuit Court Clerk. May sell demonstrated merchandise. or photographer.41-4012 Sales Representatives. the selling of which requires a technical background equivalent to a baccalaureate degree in engineering. delinquent accounts. and other types of artistic expression. Wholesale and Manufacturing. News and Street Vendors. computing transfer taxes. or tickets to patrons. keeping records of collection and status of accounts. Invoice Control Clerk. Collection Clerk. Illustrative Examples: Home Demonstrator.

classify. Illustrative Examples: Catalogue Clerk. All Other All information and record clerks not listed separately. Illustrative Examples: Mail Weigher. address. sort and shelve books. and Ambulance" (43-5032) who both dispatch and take orders for services. cards. classified ads. Illustrative Examples: 911 Operator. and "Cashiers" (41-2011) who sell tickets for local transportation. Review loan papers to ensure completeness. Processors. bicycle. investigate applicants' backgrounds and verify references. and shipment schedules. and trucking terminals. May sort. documents. Keep records of shipments. Except Police. prices. Microfilm Clerk 43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks (Mortgage Clerk) Interview loan applicants to elicit information. or computer to transmit assignments and compiling statistics and reports on work progress. or track. motorcycle. and forward findings. stamping. Exclude "Weighers. Illustrative Examples: Computer Tape Librarian. Measurers. periodicals. and delays. Recordkeeping" (43-5111). offices. fill out and sell money orders. sell postage and revenue stamps. Out-patient Admitting Clerk 43-4121 Library Assistants. Stamp Clerk 43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers Sort mail for delivery. Except Police. and presenting statements to and collecting payments from departing guests. or other scheme. such as welfare. and Resort Desk Clerks Accommodate hotel. and other items between offices or departments within an establishment or to other business concerns. Including Answering Service" (43-2011). unpacking. mail. or emergency repairs rendered outside the place of business. and employees within organization. and production problems. and Expediting Clerks (Assignment Agent) Coordinate and expedite the flow of work and materials within or between departments of an establishment according to production schedule. and examine mail for correct postage. keeping records of occupied rooms and guests' accounts. and Traffic Clerks (Freight Clerk) Verify and keep records on incoming and outgoing shipments. Deliver mail on established route by vehicle or on foot. addressing. Examine. equipment. Duties include assembling. shipping dates. customers. traveling by foot. Illustrative Examples: Unemployment Benefits Claims Taker. Illustrative Examples: Register Clerk. and complete transactions between loan establishment. Exclude "Postal Service Clerks" (43-5051) and "Postal Service Mail Carriers" (435052). and assist persons with completing form. Motel. Loan Processor 43-4141 New Accounts Clerks Interview persons desiring to open bank accounts. conferring with department supervisors to determine progress of work and completion dates. telephone. merchandise. pier. Illustrative Examples: Ticket Clerk. train. Room Clerk 43-4111 Interviewers. work crews. stacks. Fire. installations. deliver tickets. or for normal installation. Referral and Information Aide 43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks (Gate Agent) Make and confirm reservations and sell tickets to passengers and for large hotel or motel chains. Illustrative Examples: Loan Closer. Broadcast orders to police patrol units in vicinity of complaint to investigate. Illustrative Examples: Security Dispatcher. Duties include informing customers of receipt. making and confirming reservations. restaurants. Illustrative Examples: Electric Meter Reader. Market Research Interviewer. Special Delivery Clerk. Exclude "Dispatchers. Illustrative Example: Banking Services Clerk 43-4151 Order Clerks Receive and process incoming orders for materials. "Hotel. or service vehicles for conveyance of materials. gas. Light or Delivery Services" (53-3033). cards. or services such as repairs. place mail in pigeon holes of mail rack or in bags according to State. 43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks Answer inquiries and obtain information for general public. and canceling machinery. Prepare and examine bills of lading to determine shipping charges and tariffs. or provide tourists with travel information. arrange for visas. Ask specific questions. social security. Exclude "Truck Drivers. Water Meter Reader 43-5051 Postal Service Clerks Perform any combination of tasks in a post office. May check baggage and direct passengers to designated concourse. and Resort Desk Clerks" (43-4081). amount of sales or production. and compiling reports on progress of work. location of departments. Records Custodian 43-4081 Hotel. invoices. and route mail by State. or steam. Locate and remove material from file when requested. and Ambulance Dispatchers (Emergency Operator) Receive complaints from public concerning crimes and police emergencies. Front Desk Clerk. telephone. or computer equipment to receive reports of fires and medical emergencies and relay information or orders to proper officials. service. Register patrons to permit them to borrow books. Mail Deliverer. Illustrative Examples: Braille and Talking Books Clerk. Hotel Reservationist 43-4199 Information and Record Clerks. and resort patrons by registering and assigning rooms to guests. or rental of facilities. type of mail. and handling complaints. operate. Illustrative Examples: Production Dispatcher. record answers. Except Eligibility and Loan (Admitting Clerk) Interview persons by telephone. applications. Expediter 43-5071 Shipping. and stamped envelopes. and other duties related to mail handling within the postal service. supervisory reports on ability. Suggestion Clerk. Duties include reviewing and distributing production. absences. make reservations. and Processing Machine Operators Prepare incoming and outgoing mail for distribution. Illustrative Examples: Appointment Clerk. and other records in alphabetical or numerical order or according to the filing system used. Receiving. Take orders from customers and arrange pickup of freight and cargo for delivery to loading platform. Clerical (Circulation Clerk) Compile records. Illustrative Examples: Letter Carrier. and emergency service. pouches. Planning. Motel. or files according to identification number and title. Shipping Agent 43-5021 Couriers and Messengers Pick up and carry messages. or questionnaires. sorting. Exclude "Travel Agents" (41-3041). and sellers upon approval of loan. inventory levels. Illustrative Examples: Student Admissions Clerk. borrowers. packages. Illustrative Examples: Parcel Post Clerk. weekly earnings. Except Payroll and Timekeeping (Personnel Clerk) Compile and keep personnel records. Route Carrier 43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters. receipts. such as points of interest. Classified Advertisement Clerk 43-4161 Human Resources Assistants. and other library materials. and issue and receive library materials such as pictures. Explain banking services available to prospective customers and assist them in preparing application form. costs. verifying and recording 22 . and documents to appraisal department. Locate library materials for loan and replace material in shelving area. Illustrative Examples: Census Taker. Must complete a competitive exam. County Service Officer. such as address. Government Programs Determine eligibility of persons applying to receive assistance from government programs and agency resources. Illustrative Examples: Message Delivery Clerk. Provide information regarding activities conducted at establishment. Public Safety Dispatcher 43-5032 Dispatchers. sort. and file forms. Vault Custodian 43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents Expedite and route movement of incoming and outgoing cargo and freight shipments in airline. and date of and reason for termination. freight. motel. Subscription Clerk. and occasionally adjust and repair mail processing. Meter Record Clerk. and Samplers. issuing room keys. contact individuals and groups to inform them of package tours. slides and microfilm. Search employee files and furnish information to authorized persons. Fire. Prepare items for shipment. rates. Operate radio. Telegraph Messenger 43-5031 Police. visitors. Duties may include using radio. postal cards. and shipping merchandise or material. or public conveyance. and shipping docks.43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers. File employment records. work. or other scheme. such as receive letters and parcels. or by other means for the purpose of completing forms. prepare loan request papers. automobile. unemployment benefits. and Ambulance Schedule and dispatch workers. Compile and type reports from employment records. and public housing. reports. Document Clerk. and other interested parties. Load. or passengers. receiving. and sacks. Exclude "Switchboard Operators. Mail Handler Sorting Mail 43-5061 Production. Illustrative Examples: Routing Agent. Record data for each employee. Taxicab Dispatcher 43-5041 Meter Readers. Utilities Read meter and record consumption of electricity. Checkers. transmitting and receiving messages. Fire. Repair Service Dispatcher. in person. water. preparing contracts. Welfare Interviewer 43-4071 File Clerks (Tape Librarian) File correspondence.

and filing. read. Fishing. supplies. preparing statistical reports. and other data according to operating instructions. sort. Include composing data keyers. Envelope Stuffer FARMING. corrected copy. Page Makeup System Operator 43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks Process new insurance policies. May enter commands at a computer terminal and set controls on computer and peripheral devices. typographical. Meat Grader. or pedigree. Coin Wrapping Machine Operator. Dictaphone Typist 43-9031 Desktop Publishers Format typescript and graphic elements using computer software to produce publication-ready material. or storage yard to fill shelves. equipment. Except Computer Operate one or more of a variety of office machines. Illustrative Examples: Clerk Typist. or pet birds. Illustrative Examples: Personal Secretary. or voice recording. Checkers. and safety. materials. Mail Distributor. stamp. Except Legal. and equipment for the purpose of keeping relevant records. scientific. Clerical duties may be assigned in accordance with the office procedures of individual establishments and may include a combination of answering telephones. and provide meals for workers. "Secretaries and Administrative Assistants" (43-6011 through 43-6014). Exclude "Stock Clerks and Order Fillers" (43-5081) and "Weighers. Exclude "Laborers and Freight. Illustrative Examples: Tabulating Clerk. and scheduling meetings. birth intervals. Illustrative Example: Administrative Aide 43-6012 Legal Secretaries Perform secretarial duties utilizing legal terminology. Samplers. fold. Update existing policies and company records to reflect changes requested by policyholders and insurance company representatives. and other items from stockroom. such as photocopying. engineering. Exclude legal. and correspondence. cats. photographic. and Samplers.incoming merchandise or material. Real Estate Clerk 43-9071 Office Machine Operators. Recordkeeping Weigh. or other material from rough draft. Receiving. Underwriting Clerk 43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators. Fish Hatchery Supervisor 45-1012 Farm Labor Contractors Recruit. such as keyboard or photo composing perforator. Examiners. bookkeeping. Include proofreaders of Braille. Testers. Lawn Service. AND FORESTRY OCCUPATIONS 45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming. racks. Medical. or compositional errors. May require a knowledge of artificial insemination techniques and equipment use. Recordkeeping" (43-5111). Illustrative Examples: Addressing Machine Operator. Illustrative Examples: Inventory Control Clerk. Measurers. Electronic Pagination System Operator. Illustrative Examples: Psychiatric Secretary. Copy Machine Operator 43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (Braille Proofreader) Read transcript or proof type setup to detect and mark for correction any grammatical. reports. "Court Reporters" (232091). seal. Compiler. Illustrative Example: Harvesting Contractor 45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors Inspect agricultural commodities. Illustrative Examples: Administrative Clerk. and compiling and recording medical charts. and Samplers. and claims forms. Data Processing Clerk 43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (Keypunch Operator) Operate data entry device. May mark prices on merchandise and set up sales displays. horses. procedures. characteristics. store. and offspring. Freight Separator 43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (Tool-Crib Attendant) Receive. forms. Exclude "Computer Operators" (43-9011). and "Medical Transcriptionists" (31-9094). Inventory Checker. General Perform duties too varied and diverse to be classified in any specific office clerical occupation. receiving visitors. reports. Scale Attendant 43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants Provide high-level administrative support by conducting research. including cattle. Illustrative Examples: Claim Taker. arranging conference calls. 43-6013 Medical Secretaries Perform secretarial duties utilizing specific knowledge of medical terminology and hospital. Hand" (53-7062). quality. Use hand or mail handling machines to time stamp. and facilities. dogs. Checkers. open. clinic. Select and breed animals according to their genealogy. forestry. and Forestry Workers Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of agricultural. and arranging for the transportation of products. and Investigators" (13-1031). Garment Sorter. motions. processing equipment. modifications to existing policies. Data Technician 43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers. to ensure compliance with regulations and laws governing health. Illustrative Examples: Notary Public. swine. Except Postal Service Prepare incoming and outgoing mail for distribution. May also train and supervise lower-level clerical staff. Include workers who collect and keep record of samples of products or materials. and company records. Harvest Crew Supervisor. warehouse. Duties may include verifying data and preparing materials for printing. aquacultural. requiring limited knowledge of office management systems and procedures. Exclude "Nonfarm Animal Caretakers" (39-2021) who may occasionally breed animals as part of their other caretaking duties. Duties are primarily clerical by nature. Illustrative Examples: Cattle Examiner. and Traffic Clerks" (435071). and route incoming mail. and Executive Perform routine clerical and administrative functions such as drafting correspondence. All Other All office and administrative support workers not listed separately. or other office machines. Grain Sampler 45-2021 Animal Breeders Breed animals. typing or word processing. and subpoenas. Illustrative Examples: Counter. FISHING. and Material Movers. applications and related documents. or executive secretaries and administrative assistants (43-6011 through 43-6013). Exclude "Claims Adjusters. May involve keeping records on heats. Measurers. medical. Prepare legal papers and correspondence. sheep. scheduling appointments. and check materials. and performing clerical functions such as preparing correspondence. Obtain information from policyholders to verify the accuracy and completeness of information on claims forms. Office Assistant. or providing information to callers. and affix postage to outgoing mail or packages. and related workers. Monitor and respond to operating and error messages. and supervise seasonal or temporary agricultural laborers for a fee. Illustrative Examples: Receiver. Exclude "Animal Scientists" (191011) whose primary function is research. billing patients. Illustrative Example: Copy Reader 43-9111 Statistical Assistants (Actuarial Clerk) Compile and compute data according to statistical formulas for use in statistical studies. 23 . office machine operation. and fish and logging operations. Stock. organizing and maintaining paper and electronic files. May perform actuarial computations and compile charts and graphs for use by actuaries. "Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators" (43-9051) and "Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators" (433021). or customers' orders. Exclude workers whose primary duty is editing copy. goats. Exclude "Data Entry Keyers" (439021). tables. and documents. and address. stuff. furnish. and duplicating machines. stenography. May also assist with legal research. Receptionist Secretary 43-9011 Computer Operators (Peripheral Equipment Operator) Monitor and control electronic computer and peripheral electronic data processing equipment to process business. May perform other clerical duties as assigned. Office Secretary. and issue sales floor merchandise. Exclude "Data Entry Keyers" (43-9021). Exclude "First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping. Illustrative Examples: Console Operator. and "Shipping. Exclude "Word Processors and Typists" (43-9022). or laboratory procedures. handling information requests. Illustrative Examples: Computer Compositor. Duties may also include keeping necessary records and completed forms. Duties include scheduling appointments. May transport. Illustrative Example: Data Typist 43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (Composing Data Keyer) Use word processor/computer or typewriter to type letters. poultry. Illustrative Examples: Christmas Tree Farm Manager. house. Dental Secretary 43-6014 Secretaries. Sorters. Exclude production "Inspectors. Mail Opener 43-9061 Office Clerks. Include actuarial clerks. Warehouse Clerk 43-5111 Weighers. measure. hire. complaints. Illustrative Examples: Check Embosser. Exclude "Secretaries" (436012 through 43-6014). and Weighers" (51-9061). Policy Issue Clerk. such as summonses. and Groundskeeping Workers" (37-1012).

pests. shelling. feed. castrating. water columns. Linoleum Layer. joists. patch voids. and tree planters. Direct cleaning of boilers and boiler furnaces. and roof decks. Chicken Fancier. and hardwood floors. Illustrative Example: Artificial Marble Worker 47-2061 Construction Laborers Perform tasks involving physical labor at building. dogs. Fruit Sorter 45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators Drive and control farm equipment to till soil and to plant. and loading animals. stairways. Illustrative Examples: Adobe Layer. Illustrative Examples: Log Hauler. Classify installers of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units in "Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers" (373011). and repair stationary steam boilers and boiler house auxiliaries. fruits. Concrete Floor Installer 47-2053 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers Apply a mixture of cement. sand. or curbs using a variety of hand and power tools. and Logging Workers" (45-4011 through 45-4029). or sheets of shock-absorbing. applying pesticides. Agricultural Products" (45-2041). Classify installers of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units in "Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers. fur. or protect forest. thinning. marble. install. assemble. Cable Hooker. Rug Layer 47-2042 Floor Layers. or pruning crops. concrete block. weeding. or participate in irrigation activities. Illustrative Examples: Apple Picker. and harvest vegetables. strips. Exclude "Agricultural Inspectors" (452011). skins. Agricultural Products Grade. Illustrative Examples: Shipwright. grazing. milk. swine. millpond. Wood. Soft Tile Setter 47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers Scrape and sand wooden floors to smooth surfaces using floor scraper and floor sanding machine. threshing. and heavy construction projects. maintain. Exclude "Floor Layers. Cotton Classer. grapple. or aquacultural animals that may include cattle. and cabinet fixtures to fashion durable and decorative surfaces. or similar locations. forested areas. Illustrative Examples: Granite Setter. horticultural specialties. or insecticides as appropriate. or oceans. sheep. cable winches. erect. Illustrative Examples: Horse Groomer. fur. Rock Mason 47-2031 Carpenters Construct. vaccinations. tampers. or other equipment to catch and gather fish or other aquatic animals from rivers. May clean and maintain animal housing areas. Livestock Showman 45-3011 Fishers and Related Fishing Workers Use nets. such as meat. structural tile. Illustrative Examples: Chicken Grader. sound-deadening. floors. Illustrative Examples: Predatory Animal Exterminator. Skidder Driver 45-4023 Log Graders and Scalers Grade logs or estimate the marketable content or value of logs or pulpwood in sorting yards. nuts. trowels. Illustrative Examples: Baler. Tractor Driver 45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers. Farm and Ranch Animals Attend to live farm. such as crop baling or hay bucking. Seedling Puller. transplanting. Include aquacultural laborers who work on fish farms with "Agricultural Workers. use saws to cut expansion joints. for human consumption or other uses. May haul game onto ship. and honey. Chimney Builder. including partitions. feathers. tunnel 24 . goats. Timber Cutter 45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators Drive logging tractor or wheeled vehicle equipped with one or more accessories. and administer medications. Use hand tools. Inspect logs for defects or measure logs to determine volume. eggs. glass block. such as bulldozer blade. Seaweed Harvester 45-3021 Hunters and Trappers Hunt and trap wild animals for human consumption. or stack logs. color. and auxiliary machines. Inspect and repair boiler fittings. Beekeeper. such as shovels. sorting. May perform tasks. hoes. and Greenhouse (Nursery Worker) Manually plant. Tobacco Cutter. and woodlands through such activities as raising and transporting tree seedlings. load. with mortar and other substances to construct or repair walls. All Other All logging workers not listed separately. Boiler Mechanic. or turnbuckles. partitions. debeaking. hoisting rack. or to pull stumps or clear brush. and Hard Tiles" (47-2042). Exclude "Forest. (373011). All Other All agricultural workers not listed separately. Assist in testing assembled vessels. assist in birth deliveries. and bees. arches. finfish. Wood Floor Layer 47-2041 Carpet Installers Lay and install carpet from rolls or blocks on floors. or repair structures and fixtures made of wood. Align forms for sidewalks. ceilings. wedges. Illustrative Examples: Christmas Tree Farm Worker. fishing rods. weighing. or marble chips to floors.Illustrative Examples: Artificial Inseminator. Except Carpet. and building erosion and water control structures and leaching of forest soil. plumb bobs. and collect eggs in hatcheries. automatic-control mechanisms. Include brattice builders who build doors or brattices (ventilation walls or partitions) in underground passageways to control the proper circulation of air through the passageways and to the working places. Cabinetmaker. and other structures. frontal shear. May construct trellises. Vegetable Loader 45-2093 Farmworkers. sort. Illustrative Examples: Barker. tanks. Illustrative Examples: Boiler Installer. shellfish. cultivate. Illustrative Examples: Floor Sanding Machine Operator. cultivate. Livestock Feeder 45-2099 Agricultural Workers. Farm Products" (13-1021). wood stairways. or gutters. Exclude "Stonemasons" (47-2022). Illustrative Examples: Irrigation Worker. such as safety valves. Horse Breeder 45-2041 Graders and Sorters. May maintain records on animals. Include forester aides. and terra-cotta block. Exclude "Purchasing Agents and Buyers. seedling pullers. window and door frames. or decorative coverings to floors. Attend to animals produced for animal products. curbstones. examine animals to detect diseases and injuries. and diseases harmful to trees. Illustrative Example: Cement Contractor 47-2011 Boilermakers Construct. and knives. Combine Operator. May operate stationary equipment to perform post-harvest tasks. log deck. and field crops. Illustrative Examples: Composition Floor Setter. pigment. and Hard Tiles Apply blocks. levels. and floors. or other purposes. Illustrative Examples: Curb Builder. such as piers. Forestry Laborer 45-4021 Fallers (Lumberjack) Use axes or chainsaws to fell trees using knowledge of tree characteristics and cutting techniques to control direction of fall and minimize tree damage. and ginning. and abutments. building frameworks. shears. Illustrative Examples: Fishing Boat Captain. Illustrative Examples: Floor Coverer. Landing Scaler 45-4029 Logging Workers. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers. Hard Tile Setter. Logging Tractor Operator. ranch. or classify unprocessed food and other agricultural products by size. Illustrative Examples: Ceramic Tile Installer. or condition. highway. Lay walks. Conservation. May also install cabinets. herding. drywall and batt or roll insulation. siding. Illustrative Examples: Cross Cut Sawyer. unload. branding. repair fences and farm buildings. and rafters. and harvest crops. or special types of masonry for vats. such as floors. Furnace Liner 47-2022 Stonemasons Build stone structures. Except Carpet. sidewalks. maintain. and apply coats of finish. or crane boom. Rigging Slinger CONSTRUCTION AND EXTRACTION OCCUPATIONS 47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers (Quarry Boss) Directly supervise and coordinate activities of construction or extraction workers. poultry. studding. Align structures or plate sections to assemble boiler frame tanks or vats. such as husking. cinder block. such as brick. and wood tile to walls. catching. logging arch. Nursery. to fell tree. Pressure Tester 47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons Lay and bind building materials. Bird Trapper 45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers (Forester Aide) Under supervision. watering. such as concrete forms. Monument Installer. horses and other equines. perform manual labor necessary to develop. Duties may include feeding. Crabber. walls. roads. All Other" (45-2099). Wood. Include workers who shear wool from sheep. Exclude "Graders and Sorters. traps. weight. Floor Surfacer. regulators. Crop. pruning hooks. grading. Work involves use of hand and power tools. bait. combating insects. Illustrative Examples: Timber Estimator. Marble Installer 47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers Smooth and finish surfaces of poured concrete. packing and loading harvested products. to skid. cleaning. following blueprints. Hardwood Finisher 47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters Apply hard tile. walks. Install padding and trim flooring materials. sewers. lakes. curbs.

Steam Shovel Operator 47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers (Lather) Apply plasterboard or other wallboard to ceilings or interior walls of buildings. control boxes. lead. stonemasons. interior walls. using brushes. Illustrative Examples: Asphalt Spreader Operator. Construction Ironworker 47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons. drainpipes. and Tile and Marble Setters Help brickmasons. Construction Trades" (47-3011 through 47-3016). Exclude construction laborers who do not primarily assist brickmasons. asphalt. Steel Tier 47-2181 Roofers Cover roofs of structures with shingles. and repair sheet metal products and equipment. bulldozers. and Tamping Equipment Operators Operate equipment used for applying concrete. and "Tile and Marble Setters" (47-2044). and piers. or electrical control systems. and straighten sheet metal. erect scaffolding. Stucco Worker. Illustrative Examples: Boiler Coverer. Illustrative Examples: Brick Carrier. Solderers. insulate. steam. such as ducts. inspecting. Materials may be of decorative quality. cement. Illustrative Examples: Sheet Rock Taper. Asphalt Patcher. May operate hand and power tools of all types: air hammers. and classify them under "Helpers. Illustrative Examples: Carpenter's Mate. small mechanical hoists. barges. or other mechanical systems in order to help control and maintain temperature. Cutters. or other purposes. blockmasons. such as motor graders. Pile Driver Engineer 47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators Operate one or several types of power construction equipment. Work may involve any of the following: setting up and operating fabricating machines to cut. Use a variety of fasteners. Exclude "Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers" (47-2171). rod-bending machines. Duties include removing old materials from surface to be papered. Exclude construction laborers who do not primarily assist carpenters. Include rod busters. Illustrative Examples: Electrical Sign Servicer. Illustrative Examples: Trench Pipe Layer. Hot Tar Roofer. and hand tools. or other materials. May spray roofs. crawler treads. and grade earth. parking lots. Construction Craft Laborer 47-2071 Paving. Illustrative Examples: Bulldozer Operator. Metal) Fabricate. May install heating and cooling equipment and mechanical control systems. clean up rubble and debris. and unite iron or steel girders. Stonemasons. Brick Washer. Exclude "Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers" (49-2098). or other materials to road beds. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2221). Joiner's Helper. and cleaning work area and equipment. place. blockmasons. or soundproof sections of structures. or equipment used for tamping gravel. and furnace casings. Tile Layers Helper 47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters Help carpenters by performing duties of lesser skill. or acoustical material. assemble. and repair pipelines or pipe systems that carry water. Blockmasons. supplying or holding materials or tools. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2221). assembling. Exclude "Welders. such as walls and billboards. and other structural surfaces. and repair electrical wiring. and stonemasons or tile and marble setters. shovels. move. strips. Illustrative Examples: Nozzle Operator. Electrician's Assistant 25 . equipment. fire-proofing. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. tamping machine operators. and classify them under "Construction Laborers" (472061). asphalt. and cleaning work area and equipment. Pipe Coverer 47-2141 Painters. Black Top Machine Operator. Exclude construction laborers who do not primarily assist electricians. Plate Glass Installer. Power Grader Operator. derricks. shaping metal over anvils. Illustrative Example: Tinsmith 47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers Raise. surveying and measuring equipment. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2221). and Wall Line and cover structures with insulating materials. and related materials. Wallpaperer 47-2151 Pipelayers Lay pipe for storm or sanitation sewers. aluminum. supplying or holding materials or tools. Illustrative Examples: Dry Plasterer. sidings. or on surfaces. Guard Rail Installer. Road Grader 47-2072 Pile-Driver Operators Operate pile drivers mounted on skids. Sewer Connector 47-2152 Plumbers. install. rollers. and fixtures. Illustrative Examples: Billboard Poster. and cleaning work area and equipment. and classify them under "Construction Laborers" (47-2061). columns. Illustrative Examples: Gas Line Installer. Duties include using. and demolition sites. blowtorches. and classify them under "Construction Laborers" (472061). and Steamfitters Assemble. Cabinetmaker’s Helper 47-3013 Helpers--Electricians Help electricians by performing duties of lesser skill. and display cases. alter. or blown insulation materials. dirt. Exclude construction laborers who primarily assist a particular craft worker. such as building fronts. May install or service street lights. Illustrative Examples: Bolter. tractors. and other hazardous waste materials. Mechanical Apply insulating materials to pipes or ductwork. Exclude "Paperhangers" (472142). such as buildings. Illustrative Examples: Bridge Painter. or attach advertising posters on surfaces. drains. or seal joints. Include concrete and asphalt paving machine operators. Illustrative Examples: Window Glass Installer. Insulation Blower 47-2132 Insulation Workers. bend. or rockboard lath to walls. May mix colors or oils to obtain desired color or consistency. Chief Electrician 47-2121 Glaziers Install glass in windows. Duties include using. Sheet Rock Hanger 47-2082 Tapers Seal joints between plasterboard or other wallboard to prepare wall surface for painting or papering. Stained Glass Glazier 47-2131 Insulation Workers. and other structural members to form completed structures or structural frameworks. May assist other craft workers. House Painter 47-2142 Paperhangers Cover interior walls and ceilings of rooms with decorative wallpaper or fabric. Pipefitters. air.and shaft excavations. Terra Cotta Roofer 47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers (Duct Installer. Hot Water Heater Installer. install. Surfacing. Rod Buster. and foundations of structures. and smoothing seams and joints of burred surfaces. or pour concrete or other hard surface pavement. May also set ornamental plaster. Perform any combination of the following tasks: grade trenches or culverts. set braces to support the sides of excavations. ceilings or partitions of buildings to provide support base for plaster. Exclude "Crane and Tower Operators" (53-7021) and equipment operators who work in extraction or other non-construction industries. and tabletops. Construction and Maintenance Paint walls. and stone spreader operators. ceilings. erect structures. bridges. Apply or mount acoustical tiles or blocks. or similar materials. wood. Exclude "Carpenters" (47-2031). Fiberglass Insulation Installer. and Brazers" (51-4121). Ornamental Plasterer 47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers Position and secure steel bars or mesh in concrete forms in order to reinforce concrete. roll. or airport runways and taxiways. and remove asbestos. form tampers. operating soldering and welding equipment to join sheet metal parts. May remove old paint to prepare surface prior to painting. Illustrative Examples: Air Hammer Operator. maintain. equipment. and water mains. Include sheet metal duct installers who install prefabricated sheet metal ducts used for heating. House Wirer. or locomotive cranes to drive pilings for retaining walls. skylights. May work with batt. intercom systems. Duties include using. Traffic Line Painter. stucco. pumps. or sheets of shock-absorbing materials to ceilings and walls of buildings to reduce or reflect sound. Floor. Illustrative Examples: Acoustical Carpenter. earth tampers. bridges. blocks. slate. Illustrative Examples: Utilities Ground Worker. air conditioning. or other liquids or gases. Illustrative Examples: Slater. metal. or forms using hammer. dig trenches. seal. Illustrative Examples: Composition Weatherboard Installer. Include lathers who fasten wooden. Illustrative Examples: Reinforcing Rod Layer. store fronts. compressors. or front-end loaders to excavate. position pipe. cement mixers. bulkheads. scrapers. and spray guns. and a variety of other equipment and instruments. May clean and prepare sites. or tile and marble setters by performing duties of lesser skill. buildings. Sprinkling System Installer 47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons Apply interior or exterior plaster. supplying or holding materials or tools. May erect metal storage tanks and assemble prefabricated metal buildings. May repair and maintain equipment in addition to other duties. Pipe Liner. Ceiling. and walls with material to bind. Wall Taper 47-2111 Electricians Install.

sand and gravel pits. cut. building codes. waste oil. and mines. rock. Paperhangers. repair. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2221). Well Service Derrick Worker 47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators. Pipefitters. Exclude construction laborers who do not primarily assist plumbers. escalators. Hydraulic Elevator Constructor 47-4031 Fence Erectors Erect and repair metal and wooden fences and fence gates around highways. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2221). Sandfill Operator 26 . or stucco masons. Ordnance Handling Experts. Tunneling Machine Operator 47-5031 Explosives Workers. Illustrative Examples: Earth Boring Machine Operator. transmission fluid. Irradiated Fuel Handler. install. and other regulations. Electric Sewer Cleaning Machine Operator 47-4091 Segmental Pavers Lay out. or farms. and classify them under "Construction Laborers" (47-2061). fuel. Include horizontal and earth boring machine operators. May use explosives. Except Oil and Gas" (47-5021) who may also work with explosives. Well Driller 47-5013 Service Unit Operators. or stucco masons by performing duties of lesser skill. municipal and rural roads. remove. radioactive materials. or dumbwaiters. Plumbers. Illustrative Examples: Sewage Screen Operator. Illustrative Examples: Coal Cutter. Exclude "Earth Drillers. and Stucco Masons Help painters. Construction Trades. Illustrative Examples: Pipe Cutter. Include seismograph shooters. Wood Fence Installer 47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers Identify. steamfitters. Waterproofer 47-5011 Derrick Operators. Illustrative Examples: Elevator Mechanic. May operate earth-moving equipment or trucks. pack. Plumber’s Assistant. Oil. or sand from the face and load it onto conveyors or into shuttle cars in a continuous operation. Surveyor’s Helper 47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors Inspect structures using engineering skills to determine structural soundness and compliance with specifications. Include fishing-tool technicians. highway markers. metal and nonmetal ores. Illustrative Examples: Quarry Plug and Feather Driller. industrial establishments. remove. Include ballast cleaning machine operators and railroad bed tamping machine operators. transport. and classify them under "Construction Laborers" (472061). Architectural Inspector 47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers (Escalator Installer) Assemble. or dispose of hazardous materials. or other obstructions from drilling wells. blasters and explosives workers. Mining Helper 47-5099 Extraction Workers. Duties include patching broken or eroded pavement. supplying or holding materials or tools. Illustrative Examples: Blaster’s Helper. Inspections may be general in nature or may be limited to a specific area. Illustrative Examples: Dynamiter. Hydraulic Operator. or repair breaks in underground piping. and Mining (Fishing Tool Operator) Operate equipment to increase oil flow from producing wells or to remove stuck pipe. All Other All construction trades helpers not listed separately. Quarry Separate blocks of rough dimension stone from quarry mass using jackhammer and wedges. Long Wall Mining Machine Tender. Oil Field Laborer 47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers Help extraction craft workers. Plasterers. stone quarries. storage. Track Dresser 47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners Clean and repair septic tanks. Shale Planer Operator 47-5049 Mining Machine Operators. Explosives Expert. Oil and Gas Rig derrick equipment and operate pumps to circulate mud through drill hole. Glazier's Helper. Include installers of bedding and restraining materials for the paving units. pipefitters. Road Sign Installer 47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators Lay. churn. Illustrative Example: Well Cleaner 47-5021 Earth Drillers. Gas. Mining Operate machinery to install roof support bolts in underground mine. Illustrative Example: Roofer's Assistant 47-3019 Helpers. Illustrative Examples: Wire Fence Builder. and Steamfitters Help plumbers. Electrical Inspector. Duties include using.47-3014 Helpers--Painters. plasterers. paperhangers. lead-based paint. Core Driller. 47-5042 Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operators Operate machinery--such as longwall shears. Include shale planers. Interlocking Concrete Pavement Installer 47-4099 Construction and Related Workers. Illustrative Examples: Cable Tool Operator. and rights-of-way. Oil and Gas Assemble or repair oil field equipment using hand and power tools. Duties include using. or other mining surfaces to facilitate blasting. Track Surfacing Machine Operator. Tunnel Mucker. Road Patcher. May also perform similar services in mining exploration operations. or removing minerals or materials from mines or from the earth's surface. and cleaning work area and equipment. or maintain electric or hydraulic freight or passenger elevators. rock. to remove core samples during mineral exploration or soil testing. Specialized training and certification in hazardous materials handling or a confined entry permit are generally required. and cleaning work area and equipment. Duties include supplying equipment or cleaning work area. and mining machine operators. Except Oil and Gas (Auger Operator) Operate a variety of drills--such as rotary. Rock Duster 47-5051 Rock Splitters. Duties include using. May also mow or clear brush from along road or plow snow from roadway. and cutting machines--to cut or channel along the face or seams of coal mines. such as earth drillers. derrick operators. and snow fences. tools. and cleaning work area and equipment. Water Main Installer’s Helper 47-3016 Helpers--Roofers Help roofers by performing duties of lesser skill. Illustrative Examples: Ballast Cleaning Machine Operator. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2221). All Other All extraction workers not listed separately. 47-5071 Roustabouts. or drains. Illustrative Example: Plaster Tender 47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers. pipefitters. Illustrative Examples: Concrete Paver Installer. replace damaged drain tile. All Other All construction and related workers not listed separately. Exclude construction laborers who do not primarily assist painters. by performing duties of lesser skill. Coal Digger. repair. Illustrative Examples: Extraction Machine Operator. and paste segmental paving units. stone. etc. or pipelayers. Illustrative Examples: Cement Mixer. or other materials. Building Wrecker. repairing guard rails. airport runways. plasterers. supplying or holding materials or tools. paperhangers. and Blasters Place and detonate explosives to demolish structures or to loosen. Illustrative Examples: Snow Plow Operator. Rock Breaker 47-5061 Roof Bolters. and classify them under "Construction Laborers" (472061). May patch walls and partitions of tank. and to facilitate the use of explosives in mining or construction. Illustrative Examples: Asbestos Remover. contaminated soil. separating. Illustrative Examples: Rotary Derrick Operator. and accounting procedures. Oil and Gas Set up or operate a variety of drills to remove petroleum products from the earth and to find and remove core samples for testing during oil and gas exploration. such as electrical systems or plumbing. sewer lines. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate extraction trade occupation (47-5011 through 47-5099). steamfitters. Hazardous Waste Remover 47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers Maintain highways. Exclude "Tree Trimmers and Pruners" (37-3013). including asbestos. Blast Setter 47-5041 Continuous Mining Machine Operators Operate self-propelled mining machines that rip coal. Exclude construction laborers who do not primarily assist roofers. Septic Tank Cleaner. and pneumatic--to tap sub-surface water and salt deposits. Illustrative Examples: Chute Operator. and maintain track for standard or narrow-gauge railroad equipment used in regular railroad service or in plant yards. Illustrative Examples: Connection Worker. using hand and power tools. Perform other tasks as needed. May perform specialized handling. or displace earth. Illustrative Examples: Highway Inspector. All Other All mining machine operators not listed separately. quarries. Illustrative Examples: Aluminum Pool Installer. supplying or holding materials or tools. residences. or pipelayers by performing duties of lesser skill. plows. casing.

Power Transformer Repairer 49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers. and "Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers. MAINTENANCE. transmitters. adjust. such as industrial controls. test. and Repairers Supervise and coordinate the activities of mechanics. Motor Vehicles" (49-2096). program. repair. Ground Crew Chief. Motor Vehicles Install. Exclude "Painters. inspect. repair. Illustrative Examples: Missile Pad Mechanic. and surveillance systems on trains. logging. Illustrative Examples: Auto Phone Installer. Illustrative Examples: ATM Specialist. and "Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers. Illustrative Examples: Irrigation Equipment Mechanic. Exclude "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031). Exclude "Rail Car Repairers" (49-3043) and "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031). Snowmobile Mechanic 49-3091 Bicycle Repairers Repair and service bicycles. Mine Car Mechanic 49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics Repair and adjust electrical and mechanical equipment of gasoline or diesel powered inboard or inboard-outboard boat engines. Auto Glass Fitter 49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics Diagnose. appliances. AND REPAIR OCCUPATIONS 49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics. watercraft. or overhaul railroad rolling stock. repair. Illustrative Examples: Fire Alarm Installer. Generator Mechanic. such as hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Illustrative Examples: Auto Glass Mechanic. Exclude "Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics" (49-3023) and "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031) who also work on recreation vehicles. Illustrative Examples: Powerhouse Electrician. Illustrative Examples: Auto Brake Mechanic. Automotive Electrician 49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers Repair. Farm Equipment Engine Mechanic 49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics Diagnose. Collision Mechanic. or install audio or television receivers. and repairers. Windshield Installer. such as cranes. Include FAA certified helicopter and aircraft engine specialists. Bulldozer Mechanic 49-3043 Rail Car Repairers (Subway Car Mechanic) Diagnose. such as hydraulic and pneumatic systems. repair. Frame Straightener 49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers Replace or repair broken windshields and window glass in motor vehicles. security. Except Engines Diagnose. Illustrative Examples: Central Office Equipment Installer. Motor Vehicles" (49-2096). graders. or switches. sound. Amplifier Mechanic 49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers. Illustrative Examples: Chainsaw Mechanic. repair. and all types of diesel engines. or maintain mobile electronics communication equipment. Computer Installer 49-2021 Radio Mechanics Test or repair mobile or stationary radio transmitting and receiving equipment and two-way radio communications systems used in ship-to-shore communications and found in service and emergency vehicles. adjust. installers. navigation. such as tractors. Radio Rigger 49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers. and surface mining. repair. or navigation equipment in motor vehicles. Include workers who perform customized van conversions. Exclude "Avionics Technicians" (49-2091) and "Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers. rearrange. stereo systems. diagnose. wiring. such as duplicating and fax machines. or overhaul recreational vehicles including travel trailers. adjust. adjust. or install electric motors. adjust. camcorders. Automated Teller. or install computers. Illustrative Examples: Construction Equipment Mechanic. and Related Repairers Repair. Illustrative Example: Outboard Motor Mechanic 49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics Diagnose. repair. repair. or remove switching and dialing equipment used in central offices. Lawn Mower Repairer. Diesel Mechanic. Electric Golf Cart Repairer 49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers. dairy equipment. or similar motorized vehicles. Fork Lift Mechanic. Transportation Equipment" (51-9122) and "Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers" (493022). and electronic office machines. Illustrative Example: Bicycle Mechanic 49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians Diagnose. sonar. and antennas. hydraulic. Electronics Installer. maintain. Illustrative Examples: Electric Organ Technician. adjust. "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031). and in-service relays. adjust. FAA Certified Diagnose. Illustrative Examples: Auto Body Customizer. or overhaul trucks. or install electronic equipment. mopeds. Burglar Alarm Mechanic 49-3012 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians. and Relay Inspect. scooters. and related equipment. Relay Technician. navigation. Exclude team or work leaders. not FAA Certified Diagnose. or overhaul aircraft engines and assemblies. plumbing. adjust. test. and irrigation systems. repair. or other electronic home entertainment equipment. or chassis/towing systems as well as repairing generators. Illustrative Examples: Streetcar Repairer.INSTALLATION. harvesters. or overhaul farm machinery and vehicles. repair. May install equipment in new locations or install wiring and telephone jacks in buildings under construction. Engine Repair Supervisor 49-2011 Computer. or maintain electrical equipment in generating stations. buses. Missile Facilities Repairer 49-2092 Electric Motor. and repair security and fire alarm wiring and equipment. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. and Office Machine Repairers (Cash Register Servicer) Repair. Service or repair telephones and other communication equipment on customers' property. Exclude "Electricians" (47-2111) who do a broad range of electrical wiring. Exclude "Avionics Technicians" (49-2091). including sound. 49-3013 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians. "Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers. video systems. Installers. Motorcycle Repairer 49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics Diagnose. or overhaul motorcycles. Dairy Equipment Installer 49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics. inspect. Illustrative Examples: Marine Service Manager. Transportation Equipment" (49-2093). Illustrative Examples: Radio Electrician. chain saws. and interior components. Substation. Illustrative Example: Locomotive Electrician 49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers. Exclude "Automotive Body and Related Repairers" (49-3021). word processing systems. Illustrative Examples: Tractor Trailer Mechanic. Exchange Mechanic 49-2091 Avionics Technicians Install. FAA certification required. such as radar. and pneumatic equipment. mine cars. or repair communications. or repair avionics equipment. Auto Transmission Specialist 49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists Diagnose. electrical. maintain. test. Illustrative Examples: Motor Scooter Mechanic. 49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers Repair and refinish automotive vehicle bodies and straighten vehicle frames. used in construction. adjust. adjust. or other mobile equipment. substations. Exclude "Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031). bulldozers. Illustrative Example: RV Mechanic 27 . security. maintain. or overhaul small engines used to power lawn mowers. Illustrative Examples: Aircraft Electrician. Illustrative Examples: Armature Winder. adjust. or overhaul automotive vehicles. Commercial and Industrial Equipment (Radar Technician) Repair. Power Tool. hydraulic. adjust. Transportation Equipment Install. Automatic Pilot Mechanic. adjust. Exclude "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031). Fuel Injection Servicer. May specialize in maintaining gas. automated teller machines. dirt bikes. and conveyors. radio. and missile control systems in aircraft or space vehicles. Except Line Installers Set-up. Television Mechanic. or mass transit rail cars. Include helicopter and aircraft engine specialists. adjust. or overhaul aircraft engines and assemblies. Powerhouse. Include mechanics working primarily with automobile diesel engines. Motor Vehicles" (49-2096). or overhaul mobile mechanical. repair. Satellite Dish Installer 49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers Install.

Skin Diver 49-9093 Fabric Menders. Hearing Aid Mechanic.. or the structure of an establishment in repair. reed. Station Chief. machine setters and operators. Illustrative Examples: Building Maintenance Repairer. and welding equipment. such as piano tuning. using refractory materials. and tools. Illustrative Examples: Telecommunications Cable Splicer. floors. Illustrative Example: Tire Fixer 49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers (Garage Door Mechanic) Install. Exclude "Maintenance and Repair Workers. and tents. materials. fabricators. and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers Install. May use a variety of power and hand tools. and other mechanical governors. machines. Except Engines" (49-3042). or stairs. Include garage door mechanics. and ovens. remove. or maintain industrial production and processing machinery or refinery and pipeline distribution systems. etc. All Other All mechanical. Turbine Mechanic. General" (49-9042). logging yards. and repair workers in maintenance. adjust. Illustrative Examples: Biomedical Equipment Technician. precision workers. boilers. Illustrative Examples: Camera Machinist. assemblers. High Tension Tester. including oil burners. ships and shipyards. or install equipment and structures. and Repair Workers. or amusement machines including video games. and "Maintenance Workers. Scuba Diver. boiler making. such as inspectors. Substation. such as furnishing tools. change locks and safe combinations. such as watches and clocks. Exclude "Millwrights" (49-9044). Thermostat Repairer 49-9021 Heating. Mechanical Adjuster 49-9043 Maintenance Workers. Illustrative Examples: Window Air Conditioner Mechanic. Oil Burner Repairer 49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers Repair. including commercial video and motion picture camera equipment. Cable Television Installer 49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers Repair and adjust cameras and photographic equipment. Gyro Mechanic. Illustrative Examples: Marine Diver. Illustrative Examples: Conveyor Belt Installer. repair. or photograph structures or marine life. ladles. safety and flow valves. Maintenance. and plant and system operators. Trouble Shooting Mechanic. Kiln Door Repairer 49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers Install or repair cables or wires used in electrical power or distribution systems. May erect poles and light or heavy duty transmission towers. change parts. adjust. using scuba gear to inspect. install. All Other All precision instrument and equipment repairers not listed separately. pinball machines. Duties may involve pipe fitting. torches. "Athletes and Sports Competitors" (27-2021). Vacuum Cleaner Repairer. Exclude "Fishers and Related Fishing Workers" (45-3011). or refrigeration systems. such as refrigerators. Illustrative Example: Automatic Door Mechanic 49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers. Telecommunications Wire Stretcher. Seat Mender 49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers Repair and open locks. Machinery (Belt Repairer) Lubricate machinery. Illustrative Examples: Machine Erector. Cooper. and adjust mechanisms of timing instruments. linens. Signal Maintainer. service. vending. Photographic Equipment Technician 49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers Test. Surgical Instrument Mechanic 49-9063 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners Repair percussion. Machinery" (49-9043). converters. Powerhouse. track switches. make keys. blueprints. juke boxes. Exclude team or work leaders. and maintain mechanical regulating and controlling devices. and install and repair safes. parachutes. Illustrative Examples: Acrobatic Rigger. Except Garment Repair tears. or move machinery and heavy equipment according to layout plans. Include watchmakers. hot-air furnaces. insulating. Lock Expert 49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers Move or install mobile homes or prefabricated buildings. Illustrative Examples: Gas Meter Prover. Rigging Slinger.49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers (Tire Balancer) Repair and replace tires. repair. or wind instruments. industrial machinery. aligning. or repair coin. test. Meteorological Equipment Repairer 49-9091 Coin. and Relay" (49-2095). Except Brickmasons Build or repair furnaces. such as draperies. signals. Illustrative Examples: Bondactor Machine Operator. and "Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers" (33-3051). Gunsmith PRODUCTION OCCUPATIONS 51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers Supervise and coordinate the activities of production and operating workers. Illustrative Examples: Cigarette Machine Mechanic. ovens. Illustrative Examples: Canvas Repairer. carpentry. or perform other routine machinery maintenance. and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers Install or repair heating. Illustrative Examples: Grease Packer. machining. gas regulators. Watchmaker 49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers. rig explosives. Illustrative Examples: Signal Mechanic. Illustrative Examples: Piano Tuner. or other drawings. dismantle. Housetrailer Servicer 49-9096 Riggers Set up or repair rigging for construction projects. and holding materials or tools for other workers. holes. Illustrative Examples: Blacksmith. Hydroelectric Machinery Mechanic 49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers. parts replacement. and electrical and electronic equipment. Vault Service Mechanic. Washing Machine Installer 49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics Repair. Violin Repairer. washers. Slot Machine Mechanic. Video Game Mechanic 49-9092 Commercial Divers Work below surface of water. or for the entertainment industry. or intercommunications systems within a railroad system. Machine Oiler 49-9044 Millwrights Install. Exclude "Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers" (49-2097) who repair electrical and electronic musical instruments. maintenance. and repair of vehicles. and other defects in fabrics. thermostats. Third Rail Installer 49-9098 Helpers--Installation. Illustrative Examples: Furnace Converter. Assembly Line Supervisor 28 . or install all types of electric or gas household appliances. Air Conditioning. section lines. or repair electric gate crossings. maintain. cleaning work area. including fiber optics and other equipment for transmitting messages or television programming. Machinery Dismantler 49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers. Illustrative Examples: Pole Climber. soaking pits. central air conditioning. sledgehammers. "Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics. installing. such as electric meters. repairing electrical or mechanical equipment. adjust. service. Illustrative Examples: Mechanic's Helper. stringed. or repair biomedical or electromedical equipment. mechanical equipment. and Repair Workers Help installation. Blacksmith's Helper 49-9099 Installation. inspect. Yard Rigger 49-9097 Signal and Track Switch Repairers Install. Maintenance. Illustrative Examples: Key Maker. Machine Rigger. Illustrative Examples: Laundromat Manager. May specialize in one area. Exclude "Electrical and Electronics Repairers. and repairing buildings. signal equipment. Except Mechanical Door (Electric Meter Installer) Install. Bag Repairer. dryers. Exclude "Maintenance Workers. welding. Perform duties. installation. and repair workers and helpers not listed separately. adjust. manufacturing plants. Vending. Gas Furnace Installer. kilns. Tone Regulator 49-9064 Watch Repairers (Horologist) Repair. Illustrative Examples: Mobile Home Mechanic. such as drills. clean. Machinery" (49-9043) who perform only routine tasks. or slot machines. Electric Utility Wire Stretcher 49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers String and repair telephone and television cable. and balancing new equipment. and supplies to other workers. May conduct tests or experiments. cupolas. or repair opening and closing mechanisms of automatic doors and hydraulic door closers. General (Maintenance Mechanic) Perform work involving the skills of two or more maintenance or craft occupations to keep machines. and heating stoves. Diver's Helper. Illustrative Examples: Laboratory Equipment Installer. Illustrative Examples: Watch and Clock Crowner.

or structural shapes.51-2011 Aircraft Structure. mill. Wire Coiler 51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers Assemble or modify electrical or electronic equipment. and Press Machine Setters. control linkage. deep fry cookers. Operators. or missiles. Honey Blender. Illustrative Examples: Hog Sticker. or countersink metal or plastic work pieces. Turbine Assembler 51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters Fabricate. Metal and Plastic Set up. and Tenders. rigging and control equipment. and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders" (51-3091). Operators. Illustrative Examples: Gear Cutter. rod. Illustrative Examples: Carver. kiln driers. and similar equipment used in such industries as construction. position. or systems. operate. rods. and Finishers Wind wire coils used in electrical components. or profile metal or plastic work pieces. Baking. Vending Machine Assembler 51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers (Motor Installer) Construct. cutting standard or premium cuts of meat for marketing. All Other All assemblers and fabricators not listed separately. or reduce gauge of material. and Tenders. Illustrative Examples: Manufacturing Ornamental Metal Worker. and Tenders. Battery Builder. Shactor. Operators. cut. kettles. Illustrative Examples: Barrel Raiser. automobiles. Operators. or tend machines to saw. or bar stock. test equipment telemetering systems. roasters. Illustrative Examples: Candy Maker. turbines. Skin Installer 51-2021 Coil Winders. groove. Head Baker. Illustrative Examples: Coil Builder. within narrow tolerances. Illustrative Examples: Coffee Roaster. Metal Filer 51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters. Adjusters. or tend machines to roll steel or plastic forming bends. and control equipment. or tend grinding and related tools that remove excess material or burrs from surfaces. Team leaders who work as part of the team should be included. and appliances. rolls. Screw Machine Operator. Illustrative Examples: Drill Press Operator. hoses. or wholesale establishments performing precision functions involving the preparation of meat. such as computers. sharpen edges or corners. Pastry Finisher 51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters Cut. Illustrative Examples: Forming Roll Operator. Peanut Butter Maker 51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders Operate or tend cooking equipment. Metal Box Maker. or tend machines to extrude or draw thermoplastic or metal materials into tubes. electric motors. Automobile Assembler. or buff. Illustrative Examples: Chronometer Assembler. or tend lathe and turning machines to turn. pressure cookers. including hearth ovens. Doll Maker 51-3011 Bakers Mix and bake ingredients according to recipes to produce breads. or tend drilling machines to drill. and in electrical equipment and instruments. Illustrative Examples: Machine Builder. NC Programmer 51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters. Reaming Press Operator 51-4033 Grinding. Cleaver 51-3022 Meat. wire. temper. Illustrative Examples: Tool Programmer. Drop Hammer Operator 51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters. tape drives. Work may include specialized slaughtering tasks. meat packing. extraction. knurls. and Fish Cutters and Trimmers" (51-3022) who perform routine. Punching. equipment. Surfaces. Baking. Fuselage Framer. May participate in making management decisions affecting the work. Illustrative Examples: Calf Skinner. Metal and Plastic Operate computer-controlled machines or robots to perform one or more machine functions on metal or plastic work pieces. bend. Jewel Bearing Facer. and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders Operate or tend food or tobacco roasting. Exclude "Watch Repairers" (49-9064). such as wire. operate. Meat Department Manager. slit. Curing Room Worker 51-3092 Food Batchmakers Set up and operate equipment that mixes or blends ingredients used in the manufacturing of food products. or prepare consumer-sized portions of meat for use or sale in retail establishments. magnetic drums. Polishing. Industrial Equipment Wirer 51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers Assemble or modify electromechanical equipment or devices. Illustrative Examples: Cold Header Operator. cakes. or tend forging machines to taper. Team assemblers can perform all tasks conducted by the team in the assembly process and rotate through all or most of them rather than being assigned to a specific task on a permanent basis. Poultry. wings. such as servomechanisms. bodies for golf carts. Metal and Plastic Set up. Wire Drawing Setter 51-4022 Forging Machine Setters. cookies. align. and Tenders. Exclude "Meat. Robot Operator 51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers Develop programs to control machining or processing of parts by automatic machine tools. plane. bore. Illustrative Examples: Barrel Polisher. Illustrative Examples: Draw Bench Operator. Exclude "Food and Tobacco Roasting. Illustrative Examples: Fiberglass Ski Maker. such as engines. fuselage. 51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers. and install parts of airplanes. Illustrative Examples: Perforator Operator. Metal and Plastic Set up. generators. Golf Cart Maker 51-2092 Team Assemblers Work as part of a team having responsibility for assembling an entire product or component of a product. or polish metal or plastic work pieces. Rolling Mill Operator. bore. Lapping. Illustrative Examples: Appliance Assembler. and Tenders. Rigging. bars. bobbins. or other baked goods. char kilns. gyros. Escapement Matcher 51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators. pastries. or heating and ventilating systems. Eviscerator. shape. Smokehouse Worker. such as steam cooking vats. and paper manufacturing. Exclude assemblers (51-2011 through 51-2099) who continuously perform the same task. Tapers. or face metal or plastic materials. Four Slide Machine Setter 51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters. such as field cores. Crimping Machine Operator. of timing devices. actuators. trim. fasten. textiles. operate. Illustrative Examples: Numerical Control Machine Operator. Motor Winder. lower-skilled meat cutting. Fiberglass Boat Builder. and vacuum drying equipment. and batteries. Illustrative Examples: Doughnut Maker. Beef Splitter 51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting. space vehicles. or drying equipment. such as watches. or form metal or plastic parts. lay out. to prepare food products. Include candy makers and cheese makers. hone. and Calibrators Perform precision assembling or adjusting. Poultry. shape. clocks. Tube Drawer. and Systems Assemblers Assemble. or chronometers. such as tails. rolls. poultry. operate. and fish. Operators. bulkheads. operate. 29 . or rebuild machines. Metal and Plastic Set up. assemble. operate. operate. shear. and fit parts of structural metal products. Metal and Plastic Set up. and Tenders. Protector Plate Attacher 51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators Laminate layers of fiberglass on molds to form boat decks and hulls. dynamometers. except engines. form. Hair Spring Truer. such as resistors and transformers. Operators. Tubing Machine Operator 51-4031 Cutting. operate. Include pastry chefs in restaurants and hotels with "Chefs and Head Cooks" (35-1011). Filleter 51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers Work in slaughtering. or other products. and boilers. or tend milling or planing machines to mill. and Tenders. fit. and Tenders. baking. armature cores. or straighten metal or plastic material. Illustrative Examples: Cake Maker. Potato Chip Fryer 51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators. pies. or wrapping meats. crimp. or plate or to flatten. Operators. Metal and Plastic Set up. making sausage. Illustrative Examples: Aircraft Riveter. and Fish Cutters and Trimmers Use hand tools to perform routine cutting and trimming of meat. notch. Metal and Plastic Set up. Threading Machine Setter 51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters. Sausage Cooker. ream. stabilizers. electrical motors. Metal and Plastic Set up. landing gear. Jewel Cupping Machine Operator. Illustrative Examples: Anode Builder. punch. and Buffing Machine Tool Setters. thread. Operators. beads. brakes. Swager Operator.

harden. operate. copper. Hand (Hand Weaver) Sew. indentations. Metal and Plastic Set up. soldering. fixtures. operate press to print job order. such as heat-treating furnaces. or finish shoes and shoe parts. Illustrative Examples: Blind Stitch Machine Operator. and machinists' hand tools. Operators. modify. open-hearth. Core Mounter 51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters. Blow Torch Operator 51-4122 Welding. Scribing Machine Operator 51-4041 Machinists Set up and operate a variety of machine tools to produce precision parts and instruments. such as offset. Cutters. Apprentice Job Printer 51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers (Compositor. or repair mechanical instruments. blankets. Illustrative Examples: Balancing Machine Operator. Combination Machine Tool Setter. Illustrative Examples: Bag Printer. Metal and Plastic Set up. Hand Finisher. Illustrative Examples: Counter Maker. Illustrative Examples: Book Finisher. May also fabricate and modify parts to make or repair machine tools or maintain industrial machines. or finish. Exclude "Bookbinders" (51-5012). Metal and Plastic Set up. Operators. Lasting Machine Operator. such as luggage. or grinding of metal objects. Metal and Plastic Set up. to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel. Lithoplate Maker 51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers Operate or tend washing or dry-cleaning machines to wash or dry-clean industrial or household articles. anneal. Coremaking. Illustrative Examples: Pattern Fitter. and jig borers to make working models of metal or plastic objects. usually with needle and thread. and Custom Sewers Design. Metal and Plastic (Template Maker) Set up and operate machines. reinforce. Illustrative Examples: Metal & Plastic Annealer. machine. braze. or repair leather and leather-like products. Bookbinding Machine Operator 51-5012 Bookbinders Perform highly skilled hand finishing operations. metal properties. Include workers who operate laser cutters or laser-beam machines. Illustrative Examples: Electrical Instrument Maker. Electroplater. components. Laser-Beam Machine Operator. leather. Include shipfitters. Metal & Plastic Temperer. letterset. or tend welding. soaking pits. Bessemer Regulator 51-4052 Pourers and Casters. layout. Include precision instrument makers who fabricate. and correct imperfections. Mock Up Maker 51-4062 Patternmakers. Arc Welder. Job printers are often found in small establishments where work combines several job skills. Illustrative Examples: Electron Beam Welder Setter. shoes. Illustrative Examples: Jig and Fixture Builder. operate. for further processing. lay out metal stock. and Tenders. or brazing equipment to weld or join metal components or to fill holes. castings. Illustrative Example: Location and Measurement Technician 51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters. Steel Pourer 51-4061 Model Makers. such as grooving and lettering to bind books. draperies. Injection Molding Machine Setter. cadmium. Soldering. fit. or seams of fabricated metal products. Shoe Archer 51-6051 Sewers. induction machines. Mandrel Maker. set up and operate machine tools. decorate. Include template makers. Precision Honer. coal. and Casting Machine Setters. oil. or gravure presses or screen printers to produce print on paper or other materials. Cobbler. Steam Operator 51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators Operate or tend sewing machines to join. structural shapes. Embosser) Set up or operate various types of printing machines. typesetting. operate. or vacuum equipment to temper. rugs. Stencil Cutter 51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers Make or form wax or sand cores or molds used in the production of metal castings in foundries. Illustrative Examples: Upper Cutter. Metal and Plastic" (514191). or heat-treat metal or plastic objects. Illustrative Examples: Book Coverer. solder. casting. a variety of manufactured items. and assemble castings and parts to metal or plastic foundry patterns. Operators. Hosiery Mender 51-6052 Tailors. gauges. Washing Machine Operator 51-6021 Pressers. Dressmakers. Operators. cutting tools. or heat treat metal products. Exclude "Heat Treating Equipment Setters. Illustrative Examples: Laundry Carpet Cleaner. Include electrolytic processes. Loop Tacker. join. or coremaking machines to mold or cast metal or thermoplastic parts or products. Operators. or perform related sewing operations in the manufacture of garment or nongarment products. Offset Press Operator. film stripping. or assemblies. fine linens. camera operating. Metal and Plastic Transfer Machine Operator 51-4111 Tool and Die Makers Analyze specifications. Ladle Operator. Illustrative Examples: Coat Maker. and Tenders. alter. Solderers. flame-hardening machines. and Related Materials Press or shape articles by hand or machine. plates. nickel. Include weavers and stitchers. sharpening. intaglio. and read proof for errors and clarity of impression. Sawsmith 51-4121 Welders. Hemmer 51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers Construct. Illustrative Examples: Job Press Operator. operate. Exclude "Fabric Menders. or other metal to protect or decorate surfaces. Book Mender 51-5021 Job Printers Set type according to copy. milling and engraving machines. and fit and assemble parts to make and repair dies. Illustrative Examples: Die Polisher. Include hand bindery workers. or tend metal or plastic molding. Stitching Machine Operator. Illustrative Examples: Centrifugal Casting Machine Operator. paste-up. polishing. Illustrative Examples: Machine Tool Operator. hand soldering. Include spotters and dyers of these articles. Illustrative Example: Photoengraving Etcher 51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (Silk Screen Printer. Illustrative Examples: Die Sinker. or machine parts. Illustrative Examples: Acetylene Burner. and Sharpeners Perform precision smoothing. or tend plating or coating machines to coat metal or plastic products with chromium. Illustrative Examples: Core Setter. make. Induction Machine Setter 51-4192 Lay-Out Workers. decorate. such as compositing. tubes. and saddles. Dry Sand Molder 51-4072 Molding. Garment. and photoengraving. scanning. furs. and Tenders (Laser Cutter Machine Operator) Set up. Silk Spotter. or fit garments. or brazing machines or robots that weld. repair. Mold Closer. such as cloth garments. electric-arc or electric induction. or oxygen furnaces. and carpets. Machine Fitter 51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders (Smelter) Operate or tend furnaces. or match plates. Tool Maintenance Worker 51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers. Metal Operate hand-controlled mechanisms to pour and regulate the flow of molten metal into molds to produce castings or ingots. decorate. Film Casting Operator. Illustrative Examples: Hand Stitcher. and Tenders. Operators. jigs. Illustrative Examples: Blast Furnace Blower. applying knowledge of mechanics. operate. Filers.Illustrative Examples: Broaching Machine Operator. and Brazing Machine Setters. Metal and Plastic (Pattern Setter) Lay out reference points and dimensions on metal or plastic stock or workpieces. Lithographer) Set up and prepare material for printing presses. and Brazers Use hand-welding. Except Garment" (499093). or tend more than one type of cutting or forming machine tool or robot. Illustrative Examples: Ingot Header. shop mathematics. and Tenders. such as gas. zinc. reinforce. and Tenders. Illustrative Examples: Anodizer. Illustrative Examples: Clothes Ironer. Nail Making Machine Setter 51-5011 Bindery Workers (Hand Bindery Worker) Set up or operate binding machines that produce books and other printed materials. reinforce. Profiler Operator. Garment Steamer. flame-cutting. Except Toys Shop Tailor 30 . such as lathes. such as sheets. Saddle Maker 51-6042 Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders Operate or tend a variety of machines to join. All Other All metalworkers and plastic workers not listed separately. Ultrasonic Welding Machine Operator 51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters. or tend heating equipment. Metal and Plastic Lay out. suede. Die Finisher. layout. Galvanizer 51-4194 Tool Grinders. Textile. core boxes. and machining procedures. Include prepress functions.

color pigments. jointers. Shoe Patternmaker 51-6093 Upholsterers Make. and Tenders. Loft Worker 51-7032 Patternmakers. operate. such as liquid polymer. Exclude "Sewing Machine Operators" (51-6031). Synthetic Filament Spinner 51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers Draw and construct sets of precision master fabric patterns or layouts. tobacco. Illustrative Examples: Bleach Range Operator. Operators. Wood Cutter 51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters. and Polishing Machine Setters. and Tenders. All Other All woodworkers not listed separately. or polish materials. Synthetic and Glass Fibers Set up. Steam Engineer 51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators Operate or control an entire process or system of machines. scrubbing towers. Operators. Precipitating. stone. Illustrative Examples: Feeder Switchboard Operator. and Tenders (Slubber Machine Operator) Set up. Carding Machine Operator. wash. and finishers. Nitrogen Operator. Illustrative Examples: Canvas Cutter. Clay Mixer. such as chemicals. Illustrative Examples: Asphalt Plant Operator. grain. Wood (Head Sawyer) Set up. Casket Coverer. Antique Furniture Repairer. or distribute electricity or steam. weave. Illustrative Examples: Wood Jig Builder. and Furnishings Workers. Operators. and Tenders" (51-7041 through 51-7042) who specialize in one or a limited number of machine phases. Illustrative Examples: Disposal Operator. or other mechanical equipment to provide utilities for buildings or industrial processes. liquids. Sewage Plant Operator 51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators Control or operate an entire chemical process or system of machines. or shape lumber or to fabricate parts for wood products. clay. operate. and Tenders. regulate. and Tenders (Grain Mixer) Set up. stone. Gun Barrel Finisher. Apparel. Illustrative Examples: Experimental Wood Mechanic. Rag Shredder. loop. cut. and reactor vessels. Operators. Lime Filter Operator. Exclude "Chemical Plant and System Operators" (51-8091). Auto Top Mechanic 51-6099 Textile. operate. Illustrative Examples: Cooling System Operator. Hand (Glass Finisher. and assemble wooden articles or set up and operate a variety of woodworking machines. boilers. Illustrative Examples: Fiber Machine Tender. Operators. Include auxiliary equipment operators. to transfer or treat water or liquid waste. shrink. Include wood jig builders and loft workers. Include slubber machine and drawing frame operators. Wood (Jig Builder) Construct full-size and scale wooden precision models of products. or draw out and combine sliver. Caustic Purification Operator 51-9012 Separating. Filtering. Low Pressure Firer. or synthetic fibers. and Still Machine Setters. hemp. Illustrative Examples: Denitrator. and Drawing Out Machine Setters. shaker screens. Refinery Operators. stone. Illustrative Examples: Wood Carver. dye. Oil Refiner 51-8099 Plant and System Operators. or tend machines that cut textiles. or explosive ingredients. and furnishings workers not listed separately. Illustrative Examples: Nuclear Reactor Operator. and Tenders Set up. Molding Sander 51-7099 Woodworkers. or polish. or regulating the flow of oil into pipelines. buffers. Mercerizer 51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters Cut. Operators. Except Sawing Set up. Looping Machine Operator 51-6064 Textile Winding. These machines extract. Illustrative Examples: Acetylene Plant Operator. or tend wood sawing machines. Grinding. Twisting. or tend continuous flow or vat-type equipment. or tend machines that knit. Wood Machinist 51-7021 Furniture Finishers Shape. such as steam engines. planers. Exclude "Woodworking Machine Setters. and refinish damaged. Illustrative Examples: Car Seat Maker. and Gaugers Control the operation of petroleum refining or processing units. Illustrative Examples: Dairy Processing Equipment Operator. or tend machines to mix or blend materials. or glass objects. finish. Illustrative Examples: Pattern Grader. centrifuges. sort. Illustrative Examples: Napper. and construct wooden unit or sectional patterns used in forming sand molds for castings. Pulverizer Operator 51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers. Clarifying. May specialize in controlling manifold and pumping systems. or solids from other materials to recover a refined product. Illustrative Examples: Hydroelectric Operator. grind. a variety of metal. sand. operate. often through the use of control boards. apparel. operate. shapers. and Tenders (Sand Blast Operator) Set up. Illustrative Examples: Marquetry Worker. or maintain machinery to generate electric power. All Other All plant and system operators not listed separately. Refinisher. Operators. or replace upholstery for household furniture or transportation vehicles. such as wool. worn. and steam boilers. Operators. shape. gases. 31 . turbines. Illustrative Examples: Frazer. Equipment used includes devulcanizers. Pole Framer. or tend woodworking machines. repair. Operators. All Other All textile. operate. motors. such as drill presses. Illustrative Examples: Beamer Operator. fabric. and fiberglass. Veneer Taper 51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators Control nuclear reactors. operate. using hand tools or hand-held power tools. food. wood. Include dairy processing equipment operators. Welt Trimming Machine Operator 51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters. such as carpet. fermenting. and Tenders (Brewmaster) Set up. Exclude "Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders" (51-9011). Illustrative Examples: Crochet Machine Operator. or separate liquids. glass. condenser tubes. Ribbing Machine Operator. Frame Tender 51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters. Generator Operator. or tend machines to crush. and mortisers to surface. Hand Buffer 51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters. or rubber. Hand Use hand tools or hand-held power tools to cut and trim a variety of manufactured items. Exclude "Nuclear Power Reactor Operators" (51-8011). Wood Grainer 51-7031 Model Makers. Operate equipment. or draw in textiles. Power Reactor Operator 51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers Coordinate. Include chippers. Rug Dyer. sanders. gauging or testing oil in storage tanks. Box Spinner. Exclude "Food Batchmakers" (51-3092). lay out. Sawyer. Chipper) Grind. Illustrative Examples: Metal Sander. Gasoline Plant Operator. plastic. or finish textiles or synthetic or glass fibers. and Tenders (Loom Changer) Set up. lathes. rayon. or tend machines that wind or twist textiles. Wood Die Maker 51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters. or used furniture or new high-grade furniture to specified color or finish. operate. Operators. Distiller 51-9021 Crushing. or rubber. precipitating. Filtration Plant Operator. Skein Yarn Dyer 51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters. glass. Illustrative Examples: Crozer Operator. or tend machines that extrude and form continuous filaments from synthetic materials. Wash Operator 51-8092 Gas Plant Operators (Liquefaction Plant Operator) Distribute or process gas for utility companies and others by controlling compressors to maintain specified pressures on main pipelines. Illustrative Example: Pressure Dispatcher 51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators. Include head sawyers. Illustrative Examples: Absorption Plant Operator. and wood nailing machines. Illustrative Examples: Furniture Polisher. such as coal. Bobbin Doffer. operate. steam-jacketed kettles. generators. Wood Plan. such as power saws. operate. Power House Operator 51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators Operate or maintain stationary engines. May also mark and cut fabrics and apparel. Tumbler Tender 51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers. Illustrative Examples: Beveling and Edging Machine Operator. Incinerator Operator 51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders (Acid Purifier) Operate or tend equipment to control chemical changes or reactions in the processing of industrial or consumer products. or evaporating tanks. or batch stills. Electric and Gas Load Dispatcher. Illustrative Examples: Batch Maker. routers.51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders Operate or tend machines to bleach. filter presses. Substation Operator 51-8013 Power Plant Operators (Auxiliary Equipment Tender) Control.

plastic. and Tenders" (51-9196) and "Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders" (51-6042). Crown and Bridge Technician 51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians (Orthotics Technician) Construct. Bottler) Operate or tend machines to prepare industrial or consumer products for storage or shipment. pipes. Illustrative Examples: Ceramist. or appraise jewelry. Illustrative Examples: Ice Maker. and Casters. Washing. or other precision optical elements. such as glass. and Tenders. locate crystal axis in ingot using x-ray equipment and saw ingots into wafers. and chemicals. Drier. boxing. and Tenders (Shear Operator) Set up. paper. contact lenses. and Tenders (Brick or Block Maker) Set up. Assemble and mount lenses into frames or process other optical elements. or combinations of materials. Carton Forming Machine Operator 51-9197 Tire Builders (Retreader) Operate machines to build tires from rubber components. Box Fabricator. food. or assembled parts or products for defects. joining rubber and rubberized fabric parts. Degreaser Operator. with lacquer. joints. plastic. gold. such as cooling and freezing units. using photomechanical. sawing. polish. Tube Builder 51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers Help production workers by performing duties of lesser skill. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate production occupation (51-1011 through 51-9199). or weigh nonagricultural raw materials or processed. brick. rubber. concrete. sort. Spectacle Truer 51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders (Cannery Worker. Samplers. Illustrative Examples: Cigar Roller. Rubber Laminating Machine Operator 51-9051 Furnace. Exclude "Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders" (51-6042). Testing and Regulating Technician 51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers (Gemologist) Design. and equipment used to form circuitry and change conductive properties. Silvering Applicator. such as converting. Operators. fit. Include such workers as etchercircuit processors. figurines. such as furniture. or tend machines. or gems. rubber. wrapping. and Kettle Operators and Tenders Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal. or computerized methods. or other materials. Except Metal and Plastic Mold. gluing paper. grind. test. jewelry. 32 . such as editing photographic negatives and prints. Reproduction Machine Loader 51-9141 Semiconductor Processors Perform any or all of the following functions in the manufacture of electronic semiconductors: load semiconductor material into furnace. and Compacting Machine Setters. cork. soap. metal. operate. Illustrative Examples: Electrostatic Paint Operator. operate. Forming. and load wafers into series of special purpose furnaces. "Cutting. or insulating material. refrigerators. food. forming. Metal and Plastic" (514193) and "Painters. tobacco. Candy Dipper. Thread Clipper 51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters. and "Etchers and Engravers" (51-9194). and silk screen etchers. and Press Machine Setters. Illustrative Examples: Circuit Recorder. Wrapper Layer. or boiling soap. sample. Include cannery workers who pack food products. "Designers" (27-1021 through 27-1029). Wafer Machine Operator 51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders (Taping Machine Operator) Operate or tend cementing and gluing machines to join items for further processing or to form a completed product. or cosmetics. Exclude "Opticians. Paper Sealer. plateware. chemical. tin plate. Exclude "Woodworking Machine Setters. adjust. Illustrative Examples: Photographic Colorist. Testers. tile. Transportation Equipment Operate or tend painting machines to paint surfaces of transportation equipment. such as braces. Darkroom Technician 51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators (Film Processor) Operate photographic processing machines. Operators. ceramics. or decorate articles. and candles consisting of clay. toys. glass. Processes include joining veneer sheets into plywood. Illustrative Examples: Bottle Caser. or carve products such as food products. corrugating. Operators. oil. Illustrative Examples: Stenciler. Include activities. Illustrative Examples: Diamond Expert. plastic. such as photographic printing machines. such as barrels or kegs. Slate Trimmer 51-9041 Extruding. Illustrative Examples: Eyeglass Maker. plodder machines. Include diamond polishers and gem cutters and persons who perform precision casting and modeling of molds. Refrigerating Machine Operator 51-9194 Etchers and Engravers (Silk Screen Etcher) Engrave or etch metal. stone. Operators. silver. and Weighers (Quality Checker) Inspect. Punching. casting metal in molds. chemical baths. Strapping Machine Operator 51-9121 Coating. repair. Prosthetics Technician 51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians (Lens Grinder) Cut. "Photographic Process Workers" (51-9131). Illustrative Examples: Film Printer. Sorters. glassware. Goldsmith 51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians (Orthodontic Technician) Construct and repair full or partial dentures or dental appliances. Glass Blower. banding. silver. plastic. or setting precious and semi-precious stones for jewelry and related products. and cleaning work area and equipment. varnish. Include photoengravers with "Prepress Technicians and Workers" (51-5022). other precious metals. and Tenders" (51-6062). Illustrative Examples: Briquette Maker. such as glassware. operate. coat. Illustrative Examples: Bearing Inspector. Operators. Letterer. Tunnel Kiln Operator 51-9061 Inspectors. Stoker.Illustrative Examples: Buttonhole Maker. drying lumber. or other materials for identification or decorative purposes. simulated leather. blood plasma. maintain. Mirror Silverer 51-9131 Photographic Process Workers (Photo Finisher) Perform precision work involved in photographic processing. artificial limbs. May use precision measuring instruments and complex test equipment. Taper Operator 51-9192 Cleaning. cast. and freezing tunnels. and Spraying Machine Setters. food. Coating. and lens mounters. rubber. Cigarette Machine Operator. glass. Siderographer 51-9195 Molders. clean. and polish eyeglasses. Include precision lens polishers or grinders. saw formed ingots into segments. trucks. Illustrative Examples: Acid Dipper. to remove impurities. arch supports. or sealing paper or paperboard sheets into products. or leather. or rubber. cakes. Operators. Exclude "Plating and Coating Machine Setters. glaze. curing rubber. coal. machined. clay. and other surgical and medical appliances. Dispensing" (292081). Shapers. or tend machines to coat or paint any of a wide variety of products including food. food. and mounting presses. Crystal Grower. and "Textile Cutting Machine Setters. boats. Kiln. wood. to shape and form products. pottery. stitching. and Decorating Workers Paint. Marble Finisher 51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters. Include painters in auto body repair facilities. centerer-edgers. Fur Trimmer. such as glass forming machines. copper. wear. operate. plaster. and Tenders. paper. Illustrative Examples: Bag Machine Operator. Metal and Plastic" (51-4031). Transportation Equipment" (519122). and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders (Fruit Washer) Operate or tend machines to wash or clean products. Illustrative Examples: Auto Painter. pantograph engravers. books. glass items. or food processing equipment. Exclude "Artists and Related Workers" (27-1011 through 27-1019). Illustrative Examples: Bonding Molder. enamel. Illustrative Examples: Embosser. such as automobiles. Operators. Illustrative Examples: Brace Maker. Operators. Illustrative Examples: Brick Baker. Supercalender Operator 51-9122 Painters. or wood. Exclude "Paper Goods Machine Setters. stone. such as annealing glass. fabricate. and Tenders" (51-7041 through 51-7042). or tend paper goods machines that perform a variety of functions. or rust-proofing materials. Pulp Bleacher 51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders (Chiller Tender) Operate or tend equipment. film developing machines. Rust Proofer 51-9123 Painting. buses. to cool or freeze products. Duties include supplying or holding materials or tools. and Tenders Set up. Pressing. Illustrative Examples: Tire Curer. and tuber machines. wax. removing moisture from materials. or repair medical supportive devices. Exclude "Dental Assistants" (31-9091). pulp. Oven. batch freezers. tile. trains. Illustrative Examples: Bias Machine Operator. shape. and Tenders Set up. Painting. and airplanes. form. rubber. or tend machines that cut or slice materials. fabricated. tobacco. load individual segment into crystal growing chamber and monitor controls. Operators. cloth. and deviations from specifications.

Ensure adherence to safety rules. laborers. or material movers. Vending. Crop Duster) Pilot and navigate the flight of small fixed or rotary winged aircraft. steam. such as laundry. and Hostlers Drive switching or other locomotive or dinkey engines within railroad yard. vans. and Flight Engineers Pilot and navigate the flight of multi-engine aircraft in regularly scheduled service for the transport of passengers and cargo. May assist passengers with baggage. First Officer. Ground Crew Supervisor 53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers. Street Cleaning Equipment Operator 53-4011 Locomotive Engineers Drive electric. Illustrative Examples: Motor Coach Operator. or convalescent persons. Illustrative Examples: Car Retarder Operator. or packaged form. and railroad rules and regulations. Tailor's Aide. Copilots. Light or Delivery Services Drive a truck or van with a capacity of under 26. Illustrative Examples: Airfield Manager. Determine the quantity and orientation of cargo and compute aircraft center of gravity. Coordinate activities of switch-engine crew within yard of railroad. Flight Director. and hand brakes. May collect fares or tickets. or materials in liquid. Interpret train orders. construction project. Requires Commercial Rating. and store cargo-handling gear. such as tugboats and ferryboats. using airfield landing and navigational aids. Exclude "Motorboat Operators" (53-5022). Exclude "Ambulance Drivers and Attendants. Gas Station Manager. Exclude "Couriers and Messengers" (43-5021). Hearse Driver) Drive automobiles. Include aircraft instructors with similar certification. Flight Control Specialist. diesel-electric. Except Emergency Medical Technicians Drive ambulance or assist ambulance driver in transporting sick. Must hold government-issued certification and tankerman certification when working aboard liquid-carrying vessels. bays. Milk Delivery Person. and sounds and on rivers. Coupler. such as food products. Illustrative Example: Parcel Post Truck Driver 53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs (Courtesy Van Driver. Roadmaster.S. and oceans. primarily for the transport of cargo and passengers. charters. May handle fares. All Other All production workers not listed separately. and running gear. or similar location. Dinkey Operators. All Other All motor vehicle operators not listed separately. and private carriage. Rail Car Operator 53-4012 Locomotive Firers Monitor locomotive instruments and watch for dragging equipment. stationary rigging. rig. such as the makeup or breakup of trains. turn wheel on bridge. or similar location. unloading. quarry. Required to hold license issued by U. Heavy and TractorTrailer Drive a tractor-trailer combination or a truck with a capacity of at least 26. Flight Operations Coordinator 53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants. Requires Federal Air Transport rating and certification in specific aircraft type used. electronic or manual signals. and review train schedules and switching orders. yard switching. mate. Narrow Gauge Operator. Assist in lifting patients. Illustrative Examples: Car Dispatcher. or gas-turbineelectric locomotives to transport passengers or freight.000 GVW. loose. injured. 33 . Illustrative Examples: Bakery Delivery Person. obstacles on rights-of-way. Include loadmasters. Illustrative Examples: Motorcycle Delivery Driver. Moving Van Driver 53-3033 Truck Drivers. Illustrative Examples: Dockmaster. and control commercial airline flights according to government or company regulations to expedite and ensure flight safety. Flight Navigator 53-2012 Commercial Pilots (Helicopter Pilot. Yard Supervisor. Include hearse drivers. dispatching. Ballast Regulator Operator 53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers (Able Seaman. measure water depth. including regular route operations. to transport and deliver goods.Illustrative Examples: Welder's Assistant. All Other All rail transportation workers not listed separately. Illustrative Examples: Barrel Header. May inspect couplings. securing. Millwright's Helper 51-9199 Production Workers. or limousines to transport passengers. Illustrative Example: Test Pilot 53-2021 Air Traffic Controllers Control air traffic on and within vicinity of airport and movement of air traffic between altitude sectors and control centers according to established procedures and policies. Illustrative Examples: Assistant Engineer. Break out. Illustrative Example: Patient Carrier 53-3021 Bus Drivers. Transit and Intercity Drive bus or motor coach. Illustrative Examples: Diesel Engineer. Include aircraft instructors with similar certification. and assist and brief passengers on safety and emergency procedures. Couple or uncouple rolling stock to make up or break up trains. Roadmaster 53-2011 Airline Pilots. Signal. air hoses. Coast Guard. May require use of automated routing equipment. Yard Pilot 53-4041 Subway and Streetcar Operators Operate subway or elevated suburban train with no separate locomotive. Laborers. regulate. or electric-powered streetcar to transport passengers. industrial plant. Limousine Driver 53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators. Illustrative Examples: Cargo Supervisor. Illustrative Examples: Control Tower Operator. Illustrative Examples: Airline Captain. or pick up and deliver items. Illustrative Examples: Monorail Operator. May also take orders and collect payments. Watch for and relay traffic signals from yard workers to yard engineer in railroad yard. Bread Distributor 53-3032 Truck Drivers. such as the elderly or persons with disabilities. journal boxes. Mop Maker TRANSPORTATION AND MATERIAL MOVING OCCUPATIONS 53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors (Loadmaster) Direct ground crew in the loading. May assist passengers in boarding or exiting. Assembly Line Driver. Illustrative Examples: Cab Driver. livestock. May load and unload truck. and train signals during run. Illustrative Examples: Ramp Boss. Yardmasters coordinate activities of workers engaged in railroad traffic operations. Switch Tender 53-4031 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters Conductors coordinate activities of train crew on passenger or freight train. or pilot. overhaul. Except Emergency Medical Technicians" (53-3011) and "Bus Drivers" (53-3021 through 53-3022). straits. and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers" (49-9091). Illustrative Examples: Car Mover. Cement Truck Driver. Illustrative Examples: Car Hopper. Light or Delivery Services" (53-3033) and "Coin. primarily to deliver or pick up merchandise or to deliver packages within a specified area. Trolley Operator 53-4099 Rail Transportation Workers. Exclude "Truck Drivers. Perform a variety of maintenance tasks to preserve the painted surface of the ship and to maintain line and ship equipment. that travel into and out of harbors. Illustrative Example: Deckhand 53-5021 Captains. May occasionally carry cargo. or use emergency equipment as directed by captain. May require use of automatic routing or location software. Flight Dispatcher 53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists Ensure the safe takeoff and landing of commercial and military aircraft. Authorize. Illustrative Examples: Auto Carrier Driver. May be required to unload truck. and Pilots of Water Vessels Command or supervise operations of ships and water vessels. and staging of aircraft cargo or baggage. industrial plant. May accompany aircraft as member of flight crew and monitor and handle cargo in flight. Requires commercial drivers' license. Signal engineers by hand or flagging. Ordinary Seaman) Stand watch to look for obstructions in path of vessel. Include able seamen and ordinary seamen. Warehouse Supervisor 53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators Directly supervise and coordinate activities of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators and helpers. Railroad Firer 53-4013 Rail Yard Engineers. lakes. Include newspaper delivery drivers. Duties include coordination between air-traffic control and maintenance personnel. Jitney Driver 53-3022 Bus Drivers. 53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers Drive truck or other vehicle over established routes or within an established territory and sell goods. Tram Operator. and Material Movers. and Switch Operators Operate railroad track switches. School Transport students or special clients.000 GVW. and applying knowledge of weather information. Hand Supervise and coordinate the activities of helpers. monitoring and maintaining flight records. estuaries. Mates. including restaurant take-out items. Larry Car Operator. implementing airfield safety procedures. Coal Tram Driver 53-4021 Railroad Brake.

rail inspectors. May assist in navigational activities. May patrol harbors and beach areas. Motor Vehicle Examiner. Include all unskilled manual laborers not elsewhere classified. factory. or buckets. or operate power-driven. such as butane. sand. processing stations. slurries. or replace lights or other accessories. Longshore Equipment Operator 34 . Illustrative Example: Traffic Analyst 53-6051 Transportation Inspectors Inspect equipment or goods in connection with the safe transport of cargo or people. Tugboat Operator 53-5022 Motorboat Operators (Launch Operator) Operate small motor-driven boats to carry passengers and freight between ships. change motor oil. compress. Illustrative Examples: Coal Dumping Equipment Operator. nitrogen. and other factors influencing traffic conditions. stationary. Scrap Drop Operator 53-7031 Dredge Operators Operate dredge to remove sand. Illustrative Examples: Hopper Filler. and electrical. May perform a variety of other tasks relating to shipment of products. oil. Exclude "Logging Equipment Operators" (45-4022). Illustrative Example: Gas Booster Engineer 53-7072 Pump Operators. Illustrative Examples: Boomswing Operator. effectiveness of signals. cloths. departments. or rock into shuttle or mine car or onto conveyors. machinery. Exclude "Crane and Tower Operators" (53-7021). All Other All material moving workers not listed separately. or ships using material moving equipment. Loader Operator. Main-Line Station Engineer. and hoses. hoisting engines equipped with cable-drawn scraper or scoop. and refrigeration equipment aboard ship. Illustrative Examples: Barrel Washer. Bagger) Pack or package by hand a wide variety of products and materials. gas. Hand (Gift Wrapper. Oil Pumper 53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers Operate power pumps and auxiliary equipment to produce flow of oil or gas from wells in oil field. Illustrative Examples: Back Hoe Operator. boilers. construction site. Transmit. ore. or similar location. buses. stock. Car Runner 53-6031 Service Station Attendants Service automobiles. or streams. sanitary. Stacker Operator 53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment (Detailer) Wash or otherwise clean vehicles. Grain Elevator Operator 53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators (Cherry Picker Operator) Operate mechanical boom and cable or tower and cable equipment to lift and move materials. Illustrative Examples: Cargo Handler. Scrap Metal Collector 53-7111 Shuttle Car Operators Operate diesel or electric-powered shuttle car in underground mine to transport materials from working face to mine cars or conveyor. Payloader Operator. Illustrative Examples: Belt Tender. and Material Movers. Stock. other liquids. Illustrative Examples: Car Hop. Illustrative Examples: Car Dumper. Illustrative Examples: Elevator Operator. lubricants. May lubricate vehicle. control. and lighthouses to permit marine passage on inland waterways. machines. Auto Detailer. and accessories. and at danger points in waterway passages. lock tenders and operators. or products in many directions. Shuttle Buggy Operator 53-7121 Tank Car. canal locks. Gas and Oil Servicer. or machines equipped with gathering arms and conveyor. Spout Tender 53-7199 Material Moving Workers. or other materials or perform other unskilled general labor. Illustrative Example: Speedboat Operator 53-5031 Ship Engineers (Marine Engine Mechanic) Supervise and coordinate activities of crew engaged in operating and maintaining engines. Include rail transport inspectors. Shovel Operator 53-7033 Loading Machine Operators. Exclude "Dredge Operators" (53-7031). and to excavate and maintain navigable channels in waterways. Hand Trucker. Exclude "Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators" (53-7032). to excavate and load loose materials. Except Wellhead Pumpers Tend. such as windshield wiper blades or fan belts. Illustrative Example: Coke Loader 53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators (Hydraulic Boom Operator) Operate or tend hoists or winches to lift and pull loads using poweroperated cable equipment. May drive truck. Illustrative Examples: Brewery Pumper. and other automotive or marine vehicles with fuel. and grain into or from tank cars. Use such materials as water. Illustrative Examples: Airplane Inspector. shovels. hydrogen. May control speed and routing of materials or products. or other materials from lakes. or recover gases. and other equipment. trucks. electric motor. Exclude "Construction Laborers" (47-2061) and "Construction Trades Helpers" (47-3011 through 473019). Hand Manually move freight. and slip bridge operators. Lock Master 53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants (Valet Parker) Park automobiles or issue tickets for customers in a parking lot or garage. Well Puller 53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (Fork Lift Driver) Operate industrial trucks or tractors equipped to move materials around a warehouse. Illustrative Example: Boxer 53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators (Gas Transfer Operator) Operate steam. All Other All transportation workers not listed separately. Illustrative Example: Oil Well Service Operator 53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors (Trash Collector) Collect and dump refuse or recyclable materials from containers into truck. such as coal. and other nonprecision inspectors of other types of transportation vehicles. rivers. Illustrative Examples: Garbage Collector. Underground Mining Operate underground loading machine to load coal. Cart Driver. boats. Include drawbridge operators. Exclude "Janitors and Cleaners. and natural gas. Stevedore. Safety Agent 53-6099 Transportation Workers. Truck Loader and Unloader 53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers Feed materials into or remove materials from machines or equipment that is automatic or tended by other workers. Pump Attendant 53-6041 Traffic Technicians Conduct field studies to determine traffic volume.Illustrative Examples: Barge Captain. Illustrative Examples: Drawbridge Operator. May collect fee. Machine Cleaner 53-7062 Laborers and Freight. May gauge or sample shipping tanks and test them for leaks. install antifreeze. or powdered materials to and from various vessels and processes. or vehicles. speed. trucks. brushes. Exclude "Material Moving Workers" (53-7011 through 53-7199) who use power equipment. Illustrative Example: Deck Engineer 53-6011 Bridge and Lock Tenders Operate and tend bridges. Deck Officer. or portable pumps and manifold systems to transfer gases. Loading equipment may include power shovels. Truck. or ship to shore. Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners" (37-2011). storage yard. car inspectors. Board Catcher. Doffer 53-7064 Packers and Packagers. Lighthouse Keeper. cleaning agents. near shores. Illustrative Examples: Skidder Operator. deck machinery. Illustrative Examples: Filling Station Attendant. Illustrative Example: Rickshaw Driver 53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders Control or tend conveyors or conveyor systems that move materials or products to and from stockpiles. Collect payment for services and supplies. or internal combustion engine driven compressors. May supervise such operations. May repair or replace tires. Illustrative Example: Dredger 53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators Operate or tend machinery equipped with scoops. adequacy of lighting. such as freight inspectors. gravel. and Ship Loaders Load and unload chemicals and bulk solids. Illustrative Examples: Derrick Operator. under direction of traffic engineer.