Alex Blawat Outline Thesis: The alliance system (largely a result of militarism) combined with nationalism did make

the war inevitable. Militarism pushed counties into alliance system, separate into two groups AS + nationalism = inevitable long and short term cause Argument against blaming germany – militarism was everywhere Argument against short-term – mobilization, two groups

The traditional view in 1919 was that the alliance system caused World War I. The alliance system (largely a result of militarism) combined with nationalism caused the war. In the early 1900’s, most countries in Europe feared for their safeties. Most European powers were expanding their armies. Militarism (the idea that each country had the have a larger army than everyone else) spread rampantly across Europe. The size of the armies in Europe worried the powers to the point that alliances were the most important part of foreign policy. France and Russia were part of the same alliance in 1914, clearly showing that even political ideologies on opposite sides of the spectrum would not come between an alliance. These alliances were not all binding, but because of the growth of militarism in Europe, countries in the alliances wanted to keep these alliances. The alliance systems separated the major European powers into two groups. This made a war involving all of Europe inevitable because if one country attacked another, it would draw in all of Europe. The separation of the countries into two groups would inevitably lead to a war involving all these countries should something spark any one of them. In this case the spark was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The short term cause was nationalism, but nationalism had been around for a long time. Nationalism in the form of panslavism caused Russia to support Serbia. Yet without the alliance system, the assassination would not have drawn in Germany, Britain, and France into the war, causing it to become a world war. The idea that the alliance system caused World War I was the orthodox point of view and a backlash against the idea that Germany caused the war. Some historians have argued that Germany was aggressive and militaristic, and consciously caused the war. However, at the time militarism was everywhere. Russia was in the process of reforming its army, and the British navy had been the biggest navy in Europe for a long time. Germany had as much fear to for their safety as any other country in Europe. All the countries were equally to blame for the war because of the alliance systems.

. the alliance systems prevented countries from free diplomacy and made a war involving all major European powers inevitable. as they felt they had to stand by their allies. as the alliance systems had been around for many years. the alliance systems prevented countries from diplomacy.J. This is an invalid argument.During the July Crisis. A.P Taylor argued that Europe “stumbled into war” and it was the countries unfortunate diplomacy during the July Crisis that led to the war. and the lack of good diplomacy was partly caused by the alliance system. Germany supported Austria-Hungary when they issued an ultimatum to the Serbs during the July Crisis as they could not risk losing an ally. Brita got involved in the war because Germany invaded Belgium. Militarism pushed countries into alliance systems when nationalism caused the assassination of the Archduke.