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TRUCKFILL STATIONS AND PUMP HOUSES
9.1 9.2 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................... 9-1 FLOW RATE REQUIREMENTS................................................................................................... 9-1 9.2.1 9.2.2 9.3 9.3.1 9.3.2 9.3.3 9.3.4 9.3.5 9.3.6 9.3.7 9.3.8 9.3.9 9.4 9.4.1 9.4.2 9.4.3 9.4.4 9.4.5 9.5 9.5.1 9.5.2 9.5.3 9.5.4 9.5.5 9.6 9.6.1 9.6.2 9.6.3 9.6.4 9.6.5 9.6.6 9.6.7 9.7 9.7.1 9.7.2 Minimum Flow Rate.......................................................................................................... 9-1 Flow Rates - Watermain Feed.......................................................................................... 9-2 Concrete Structures ......................................................................................................... 9-3 Intake Screens .................................................................................................................9-3 Carrier Pipe ...................................................................................................................... 9-4 Submersible Pump ........................................................................................................... 9-4 Discharge Pipe ................................................................................................................. 9-4 Electric Heat Trace........................................................................................................... 9-4 Pump Skid ........................................................................................................................ 9-4 Pull Cable ......................................................................................................................... 9-5 Number of Intakes ............................................................................................................ 9-5 Check Valves ................................................................................................................... 9-5 Pipe Grading .................................................................................................................... 9-5 Drain Valves ..................................................................................................................... 9-6 Air/Vacuum Valves ........................................................................................................... 9-6 Twin Intake ....................................................................................................................... 9-6 Couplings ......................................................................................................................... 9-6 Articulating Arms .............................................................................................................. 9-6 Overhead Fill Arm ............................................................................................................ 9-7 Activation Pushbuttons..................................................................................................... 9-7 Lighting............................................................................................................................. 9-7 Insulation .......................................................................................................................... 9-8 Interior Finish.................................................................................................................... 9-8 Exterior Finish .................................................................................................................. 9-8 Floor ................................................................................................................................. 9-8 Door Hardware ................................................................................................................. 9-8 Windows........................................................................................................................... 9-8 Foundation ....................................................................................................................... 9-8 Working Space ................................................................................................................. 9-9 Room For Future Expansion ............................................................................................ 9-9

INTAKE SYSTEM ......................................................................................................................... 9-2

SELF-DRAINING CAPABILITY ................................................................................................... 9-5

TRUCKFILL MEANS .................................................................................................................... 9-6

BUILDING ENVELOPE ................................................................................................................ 9-8

BUILDING LAYOUT/FLOORPLAN.............................................................................................. 9-9

GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses

Apr-04

............................... 9-11 9.............12 SECURITY ..................................................................................................................................12......................1 9................... 9-9 9...................................................................9...11..................12. 9-12 9.......................................................... 9-11 Pump Removal............................................................9..........9....................................................... 9-11 SITE-GENERATED POWER....11 STANDBY POWER ............................................................................ 9-11 9.......................10......................................................................................................................... 9-11 9................................................................................2 9....1 Standby Power . 9-9 Truckfill Arm Piping ........2 Load Management ..................1 9.................................................................................................................... 9-12 GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses Apr-04 ....................................................................4 9...............................11......................................8...........................................2 9............................................................................................. 9-10 Drainage.............3 9....................................................1 Economic Analysis .........................................2 Reservoir ..............8..9.. 9-11 9....................................... 9-12 9................................................................................................1 Truckfill Station/Pump House ................................................... 9-10 Truck Access.................................................................. 9-10 Parking .........................8 MECHANICAL/ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS .............................................. 9-11 9..................................................... 9-10 9.................8........................................... 9-9 Heating/Ventilation/Lighting .......10 9................................9.....................3 Interior Water Piping.....9 SITE GRADING .................................................

1. Capital Programs: Standards and Criteria (July 1993).1 – Typical Truckfill Station 9.000 L capacity. A higher flow rate may be desirable with large capacity vehicles. Water and Sewage Facilities.1 TRUCKFILL STATIONS AND PUMP HOUSES INTRODUCTION Many northern communities rely on water delivery by truck rather than by pipe.2. Photo 9. which must be simple and reliable in extreme weather conditions.0 9. Per MACA.000 L/min generally provides an acceptable fill time.2 FLOW RATE REQUIREMENTS The rate of flow to the trucks governs many of the station parameters and must be one of the first items addressed in the design. Recommendation Rationale For trucks up to 15.9. GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses 9-1 Apr-04 . is recommended.000 L/min. A means of loading the trucks is required. 9. If bulk water hauling by larger vehicles is desired. Truckfill facilities are of two main types: dedicated truckfill operations directly from a source or storage tank.1 Minimum Flow Rate A minimum flow rate of 1. or truckfill operations from an existing watermain. fill rate should be set to allow filling in 5 to 10 minutes to maximize haul efficiency.

9. such as wetwells with gravity intake lines. a simple inclined shaft system was developed. While the inclined shaft is the predominant intake system for truckfill stations. are also in use. refined and has enjoyed a good success.2 Flow Rates .2. if not properly designed.Watermain Feed Recommend a system analysis if the truckfill is fed from a piped watermain system. other forms of intakes. Figure 9.3 INTAKE SYSTEM An intake system can take many forms.1 – Typical Inclined Shaft Intake GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses 9-2 Apr-04 . The truckfill operation is a large demand on a system which. In northern Canada. will result in large system pressure loss and/or pump requirements. 9.

1 Concrete Structures Recommend avoiding use of structural concrete in isolated communities. GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses 9-3 Apr-04 . To prevent ice damage.0 m below the maximum winter ice cover. Recommend screens be sized to suit Department of Fisheries requirements. Clearance from the bottom is required to avoid the intake of bottom sediments. and minimize facial ice buildup. Generally good quality aggregate or aggregate of proper dimensions is not available. 9.3.3. Recommend screens be a minimum of 1. Rationale Lake or river levels can vary substantially.0 m above the bottom of the river or lake.2 Intake Screens Recommend screens be a minimum of 1. Legislative requirement.Figure 9.2 – Typical Wetwell Intake Recommendation 9. Recommend the lowest water level of the source be determined.

Recommend no check valve be installed at the pump.3. Generally does not rupture if frozen.3.4 Submersible Pump Recommend submersible pumps of appropriate size be installed to below the level of maximum ice formation. Can be field bent as required to follow intake grades.6 Electric Heat Trace Recommend two heat trace per carrier pipe be installed .3.9. Recommend controller include high temperature shut-down feature. 9. Recommend heat trace be installed in watertight metal tubes. Metal tubing ensures ready transfer of heat to the water/ice in the carrier pipe. The pump must be below the level of ice formation to prevent damage if the intake freezes. Should one heat trace fail. Prevents the pump from catching on the carrier pipe joints. Eliminates corrosion potential. one standby. Allows the discharge pipe to drain after a truck-loading operation.3.one duty. Eliminates corrosion potential. 9.3 Carrier Pipe Recommend insulation of carrier pipe for all areas above the level of lowest ice formation. Minimizes heat loss from the carrier pipe. The majority of heat trace cannot be immersed in water. Heat trace may cause overheating to the point of intake damage. the backup unit can be used to thaw the intake.7 Pump Skid Recommend the pump be mounted on a skid with smooth runners. Recommend a controller be utilized to maintain the carrier pipe temperature. 9. Recommend use of high density polyethylene (HDPE) as a carrier pipe.5 Discharge Pipe Recommend the discharge pipe from the pump to the station be HDPE. GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses 9-4 Apr-04 . Minimizes energy costs. Submersible pumps operate well in inclined shafts. 9.3.

9 Number of Intakes Recommend two inclined shaft intakes if the truckfill station provides water directly from the source for fire-fighting purposes. To the extent possible. to minimize freeze damage potential.3.9. 9. all water piping should drain. Allows piping to drain when not in use.10 Standby Power” are met.4.4. Figure 9.2 Pipe Grading Recommend piping be graded to drain. Provides a backup fill means if one pump fails or the intake is frozen. Recommend truck drivers have the ability to switch to the second intake.3. Recommendation Rationale Allows piping to drain when not in use. when not in use. One intake only may be appropriate if the conditions in “9. Pulling directly on the HDPE discharge pipe can result in breakage. GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses 9-5 Apr-04 . 9.3 – Typical Submersible Pump in a Carrier Pipe 9.1 Check Valves Recommend check valves not be used unless required for system functioning. Valuable time can be lost in a fire situation if a station operator must be found before a switch to the second intake can be made.8 Pull Cable Recommend an aircraft grade stainless steel cable be attached to the pump skid for removal purposes. 9. it is quite probable that heat will be lost.4 SELF-DRAINING CAPABILITY In the life of a facility.

hence.4. 9. Photo 9. Recommendation Rationale Hose couplings are difficult to handle in cold weather and are prone to ice buildup. Allows air release on startup and air entry when piping drains.4.1 Couplings Recommend not using a system that relies on hose couplings or similar connections. Ensure solenoid valves flow water at zero pressure.5.5. transfer water.5 Twin Intake Where two intakes are installed.3 Drain Valves Recommend solenoid drain valves be used on trapped low points on piping. 9.4 Air/Vacuum Valves Recommend use of air release/vacuum release valves when required where some piping cannot be drained.9. The useful life of the seals is short.2 – Tech Taylor Valve 9. De-energizing solenoids allow(s) draining of pipes when not in use.4.2 Articulating Arms The use of articulating arms is not recommended. Allows two intakes to feed one overhead fill arm while still being self draining. The seals in the arms freeze when not in use and must be broken free. GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses 9-6 Apr-04 . 9. a Tech Taylor® or similar valve is recommended. 9.5 TRUCKFILL MEANS A means is required to connect the truck to the fill point and.

Recommend truckfill activation buttons be mounted on the outside of the truckfill station and a loading platform be provided. Photo 9. Operators must be able to utilize the pushbuttons in extreme weather conditions. To minimize the safety hazards associated with falls. Operator safety. Recommend pushbuttons be useable even if the operator is wearing heavy mitts or gloves. or an alternative system be provided so the driver does not have to climb on the truck. GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses 9-7 Apr-04 .3 Overhead Fill Arm The use of an overhead fill arm connected to an open hatch on the tank is recommended.5. 9. Oil-tight or covered pushbuttons will not operate at extreme temperatures. Allows truck operator to start/stop filling operation from the top of the truck. Recommend adjustable two-piece fill hose.3 – Overhead Fill Arm 9. Does not require coupling the fill pipe to the tank. Recommend pushbuttons be rated for -50°C. One-piece fill hoses are very stiff when frozen and difficult to maneuver into the tank hatch.4 Activation Pushbuttons Recommend truckfill activation buttons be mounted on the overhead fill arm. Overhead arms are easily graded to promote selfdraining.5 Lighting Recommend at least one light on the overhead fill arm.9.5.5.

3 Exterior Finish Recommend pre-finished metal panels. 9. 9.6. Recommend that building insulation levels be determined on a case-bycase basis. Fuel and/or water spillage is a high probability and must be contained.1 Insulation Recommend a minimum of R20 for roof. 9. GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses 9-8 Apr-04 .6 Windows Recommend minimal or no windows. Low maintenance. 9.6.6. 9. Many sites are on permafrost and site-specific or specialized foundations may be required. A higher insulation level than the minimum may be warranted.4 Floor Recommend concrete floor topping. Recommend polyurethane sandwich panels.6.9. if possible. Pre-finished and minimal site labour required. 9.6. if possible. Lower maintenance.6 BUILDING ENVELOPE Recommendation Rationale Minimize heating costs. 9. Minimizes vandalism.6.7 Foundation Recommend obtaining the recommendation of a Geotechnical Engineer.5 Door Hardware Recommend heavy duty door hardware. particularly on remote stations. Low maintenance.6.2 Interior Finish Recommend pre-finished metal liner panels. walls and floor. if possible.

Ensures blockage potential due to ice buildup inside pipe is minimized. requiring ventilation and protection of components.7.7. 9. 9.2 Room For Future Expansion Recommend that the site selected allow for future expansion.8 MECHANICAL/ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS Building mechanical and electrical systems should follow the "Good Building Practice" guidelines.8.7 BUILDING LAYOUT/FLOORPLAN Recommendation Rationale Daily tests are performed on chlorine residual and. as well as the structure itself. A sink allows the operator to keep the test station and test equipment clean.1 Interior Water Piping Recommend use of non-corrosive piping. A test station provides the operator with a designated area to store the testing equipment and space to perform the required tests. Recommend that provisions for a sink or wash basin be included in the design of the water quality and monitoring test station. 9. inside the building. the standards and guidelines for drinking water quality are continually revised. As a result.1 Working Space Recommend space for a water quality and monitoring test station be incorporated into the layout of the building. in some locations. 9. treatment processes and truckfill stations/pump houses often require upgrades and expansions to meet the new regulations. Recommend that the treatment process.2 Truckfill Arm Piping Recommend use of coated steel piping on the exterior truckfill arm. Recommend exterior truckfill arm be insulated and electrically heat traced.8. The cleanliness of the testing equipment affects the accuracy of the results. GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses 9-9 Apr-04 . Truckfill station may have high humidity and/or chlorine vapours. such as PVC. iron and manganese.9. Due to continuous research in the area of water quality and the development of new water treatment methods. 9. Recommendation Rationale Uncoated steel piping is subject to corrosion. be designed with the anticipation of future additions to the treatment process. Exterior piping must withstand extreme temperatures and forces generated when trucks strike a frozen discharge hose.

Culverts are prone to freezing. have a thaw means. Recommendation Rationale Water spillage during truckfill operation is common.9. Recommend culvert use be minimized. vehicle access and pump removal.0 General Utility Objectives.8. Recommend surface drainage be directed away from the building and intake location. Recommend culverts. Recommend centre of turning bulb be filled to road grade.9 SITE GRADING Site development needs to address issues of drainage. if practical.9. Larger trucks may be obtained over the life of the facility. Difficult to position truck properly in the middle of a curve.9. Minimizes ponding and erosion potential. 9.2 Truck Access Recommend water truck path incorporate a straight access to the fill point. Recommend using larger turning radiuses than the ‘minimums’ published. Water spillage during truckfill operation is common and can cause erosion. 9.1 Drainage Recommend area of truckfilling operation be sloped away from the building. Difficult for drivers to deal with ‘minimums’ on a routine basis. in the truckfilling area. 9. Recommend a hard-surfaced splash pad be provided.3 Heating/Ventilation/Lighting Refer to Section 1. Recommend turning radiuses be for largest truck contemplated. if installed. GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses 9-10 Apr-04 . Open centres are drainage problems and present a vehicle hazard.

9. Recommendation Rationale An economic analysis is required to determine the best long-term power solution. If certain loads can be turned off when pumping. and .9. 9. 9. Recommend that non-essential building loads be shut off during brief truckfill periods. A route must be available to remove the complete length of discharge piping when removing the pump.9. the water source is remote from the community and commercial power is not available. This also reduces fuel usage and ensures the generator has an acceptable load when not pumping.2 Load Management Recommend electrical loads be carefully reviewed during design of site-generated power.11. Alternate means of fire protection require approval of the Fire Marshal.11 SITE-GENERATED POWER On occasion.9.3 Parking Recommend providing at least two parking stalls. Careful load management is required to minimize generator size and fuel burn. Recommendation Rationale The truckfill station must be capable of providing water at all times unless other alternate means are in place and operable as a backup system. 9.10.A readily accessible standby pump and water access point is maintained year-round. Station operators can block the water truck's access if no parking is provided.1 Economic Analysis Recommend a 20-year life cycle cost analysis be undertaken prior to deciding on the power source.11. the generator size can be minimized.Water storage for emergency and fire protection use is stored elsewhere. 9. GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses 9-11 Apr-04 .1 Standby Power Standby power is recommended unless: . site generated or power line from the community. 9.4 Pump Removal Recommend unobstructed route be available for pump removal if an inclined shaft intake is used.10 STANDBY POWER The truckfill facility may require the provision of a standby power source.

9. 9.9. The health of the entire community depends on proper equipment setting and functioning.12. To minimize the risk of humans or animals falling into the reservoir and hurting themselves and/or contaminating the reservoir. Recommend that all hazardous materials be stored in a secure container or area. and that the MSDS be kept in the truckfill station or pump house. and helps minimize vandalism and tampering with equipment. the fire department will have access to the building and the ability to turn on the water supply in the event of an emergency. be well labeled. GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE Truckfill Stations and Pump Houses 9-12 Apr-04 . It is recommended that “Hazardous Materials Storage Area” be posted on the outside door of all truckfill stations and pump houses. If the outside operator panel has been shut off by accident.12 SECURITY Recommendation Rationale Sensitive equipment and hazardous chemicals are used and stored in the building. Helps to deter vandals and acts as a reminder to the operators and the public that caution should be taken while in the building.12. Recommend the outside operator’s panel be locked and the fire department be provided with a key. Public and operator safety. Recommend the fire department and the SAO or Band Manager be provided with a spare key to the truckfill or pump house and that they be taught how to turn the water supply on and off. The fire department staff will have access to the water supply in the event of a fire.1 Truckfill Station/Pump House Recommend that the access door be equipped with a lock and that the door remain locked when there is no operator present. Keeping the door locked reduces the chances of exposure to hazardous materials by community members.2 Reservoir Recommend that the access gates to the reservoir be closed and locked at all times when the operator is not present.