INTRODUCTION to INCLINATION MEASUREMENT

Introduction in INCLINATION MEASUREMENT

Possible applications with i li ti measuring i t P ibl li ti ith inclination i instruments t

STRAIGHTNESS GERADHEIT

INCLINATION NEIGUNG

RECTANGULARITY RECHTWINKLIGKEIT

PARALLELISM PARALLELITÄT

FLATNESS EBENHEIT

MONITORING ÜBERWACHUNG

Applications

Vials
Precision Spirit Levels for small angles
0

Vials Vi l / CLINOMETER
Adjustable Precision Spirit Levels for angles up to 360 degrees (CLINOMETERS)

180

Capacitive systems
Analogue systems MINILEVEL / LEVELTRONIC / LEVELMATIC O C C Digital systems ZEROTRONIC / CLINOTRONIC

C1

C2

Inductive systeme with pendulums
Analogue systems NIVELTRONIC Digital systems ZEROMATIC 50
Grundsysteme

.5 . 200 meter R Bent vial (low cost version) radius = 0.Vial for a standard precision spirit level Ground vial for precision spirit levels radius = 5 ... 1 Meter R VIALS ..

Precision Spirit Levels WYLER Horizontal Spirit Level Precision Spirit Level with magnetic inserts Precision Frame Spirit Level Clinometer 80 0 .. 360° Spirit Levels I ..

Modern d i 3 M d design 4. Fully in compliance to DIN standards 5. Comfortable handling d t 6 C f t bl h dli due to the use of natural material Spirit Levels II „SPIRIT“ .NEW!!! Precision Spirit Levels WYLER „SPIRIT“ „SPIRIT Most important advantages of the new concept: t 1. Simple adjustment system 2. Stability of twist to +/.5 degrees 6. Excellent view on the vial 3.

Height H= 1µm x 1000 1mm =1 Example: 1µm/m = 1mm/km mm / m ? .g.g. 2 Height h refering to a basis length e g mm/m or µm/m length.Most common units used in inclination measurement/ description of an angle α Basis length 1m x 1000 = 1km 1. e. Angle α. e. in xx°xx‘xx‘‘ or in mRad 2.

17.45 mRad 1 Arcsec is equivalent to approx. 4.29 ° 1 mRad i equivalent to 206.Most common units used in inclination measurement XX° XX' XX' XX'' XX .85 µm/m Display Minilevel "classic" in digits equivalent to µm/m Display Minilevel "NT" in units like mm/m and Arcsec Units for +CLINO PLUS+ / CLINO 2000 XX° XX' X. X µm/m XXX mRad Degrees and Arcmin Arcmin and Arcsec 1 µm equivalent to 1/1'000'000 m 1 mRad equivalent to 206.26 A R d is i l t t 206 26 Arcsec 1 Degree is equivalent to approx.XX mRad UNITS .26 Arcsec 1 Rad is equivalent to 57.XX mm/m .XX° XX'XX'' XX.45 mm/m or 17.XXXX° XX.XXXX mm/m XX.

Leveltronic. 50 up to 70 μm/m (Measuring the thickness of a hair as an excercise) Basics . by means of vials based on electrolysis) Laser Capacitive Sensors: An inclination of 1 μm/m causes a pendulum movement of 10 up to 20 nm Thickness of a hair approx. Zerotronic.g. Clinotronic) Resistive Systems (e.Electronic inclination measurement in general Purpose of the instrument: Transformation of a mechanically measured value into an electronic signal y g Existing Systems Inductive Systems (Niveltronic) y ( ) Capacitive Systems (Minilevel.

instrument x distance “base .+044) x sensitivity H Diameter hair ? 140mm 1000mm Diameter of a h i DH: Di t f hair Diameter hair DH = (value 2 .+044) x 1 µm/m x 140 mm = 54 µm base length 1000 mm Diameter hair DH = Hair . hair” base length 1000 mm (+430 .044 .430 ØHair ? Instrument: Minilevel 1µm/m Base length: 150mm 140mm Heigth H = (+430 .value 1) x sens...Exercise "diameter of a hair" .

instruments .Electronic Inclinometers WYLER Summary of Electronic Inclinometers Overview el.

Analogue and digital measuring systems
Analogue measuring system Digital measuring system

Measuring value: Voltage Output in mV / unit (digit)

Measuring value : Frequency Output frequencies f1 and f2 Format RS485

MINILEVEL „classic“ LEVELTRONIC „classic“ NIVELTRONIC LEVELMATIC

MINILEVEL „NT“ LEVELTRONIC „NT

CLINOTRONIC 15 CLINO 2000 ZEROTRONIC

analogue / digital

Sine, tangent and arcus in accordance with angles

tg α

α

arc α sin α

Important: I t t 1 µRad = 1 µm/m is valid for small angles only

sin α

tg α 0,0087269 0 0087269 1,00

arc α 0,0087266 0 0087266 0,78540
Einheitskreis

α = 0 5° 0,5 α = 45°

0,0087266 0 0087266 0,70711

Linearity
Angle Measured characteristic Nominal characteristic maximum error of linearity

Sensitivity
mechanical input

20µm/m 10µm/m 5µm/m 1µm/m

Angle

Output (mV, digits, ...)

DIN 2276 Measured value below half the measuring range Maximum error 1% of the measured value value, at least 0,05% of the measuring range For measured values above half the measuring range Maximum error f max = 0,01 (2 x I Mv I - 0,5 x Mr)
Linearity

Part 2 Inclination I li ti measuring instruments i i t t of analogue (and digital) technique Analogue Systems / TITEL .

0.0.750 mm/m Excellent zero point stability induktiver Messtaster L1 L2 Measuring priciple: Pendulum with inductive probe system U1 U2 Niveltronic .150 mm/m Range I: +/.NIVELTRONIC 50 Range II: +/.

.Analogue measuring priciple t 6 Vpp 2...+2 V DC t U1 U2 Pendulum closer to CL Ua Ug Uout Pendulum in neutral position Ua U Ug U Uout U t Ua Ug Uout Pendulum closer to CR Prinzip I ..0.9 kHz Amplifier Ua Rectifier Ug Integrator U out -2.

+2 V DC 4 Vpp 2.Analogue / digital measuring principle U1 t U2 Amplifier Ua Rectifier Ug Integrator U out -2..9kHz t U1 U2 Ua Ug Uout A D U out RS 485 Pendulum closer to CL Ua Ug Uout Pendulum in neutral position Ua Ug Uout Pendulum closer to CR Prinzip II ML/LT NT ...0..

Thickness of pendulum 50 . 630° e. Pendulum with 420° Form Pendulum .Form of the pendulum Variables depending on the measuring range g g .g.. 100μm ....Angle of spiral 300 .

.8 0..10 Arcmin degrees Pendelauslenkung .6 0..0 0..Movement of the pendulum depending on the angle X = Gravitation of pendulum Y = sin α x X Z = movement of pendulum Z α Y X Sine of angle in a range from 0.0015 (Z) sin α Arcmin Sine of angle in a range from 0. 45 degrees (Z) sin α 1.2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 0.0030 0.4 0.

. Minilevel A10: For an inclination of 1µm/m .. 10 nm Pendelauslenkung II .Movement of the pendulum depending on the angle Y = sin α x X Z = movement of pendulum Z X = Gravitation of pendulum α Y X Movement of the pendulum in direction Y e.g.

(+3)] / 2 = 0 The instrument has no Zero Point deviation N=[(-12) + (+12)] / 2 = 0 The measured surface is declining by -12 digits L =[(-12) .Reversal Measurement Interpretation of the results: Zero Point deviation of the instrument Inclination of the measured surface in direction X Measurement A Measurement B N = (A + B) / 2 The Zero Point deviation is +3 equivalent to .(+12)] / 2 = -12 The Zero Point deviation is -3 equivalent to '3 Digits N=[(+7) + (-13)] / 2 = -3 Reversal measurement The measured surface is rising by +10 Digits L =[(+7) .(-13)] / 2 = +10 .B) / 2 The surface is absolutely horizontal L = [(+3) .3 digits 3 N=[(+3) + (+3)] / 2 = +3 N = (A .

1204 Position “0”: Instrument turned off Position “B”: B tt P iti “B” Battery check (minimum 700) h k( i i Position “I”: Value effective = display in digits x factor 10 x sensitivity Position “II”: Value effective = display in digits x sensitivity y 1 Digit = 1mV In position “I” In position “II” 1 µm/m 12’040 µm/m 1204 µm/m 5 µm/m 60’200 µm/m 6020 µm/m 10 µm/m 120’400 µm/m 12’040 µm/m Sensitivities MINILEVEL / 1 Digit = 1 mV In position “I” In position “II” 1 µm/m 10 µm/m 1 µm/m 5 µm/m 50 µm/m 5 µm/m 10 µm/m 100 µm/m 10 µm/m ML Overview .MINILEVEL "classic" / A10 classic .

005 005 '125 means -125 Digits g Position II: Measured value = .125 digits x sensitivity g Position I: Measured value = .005 means +5 Digits 005 Position II: Measured value = + 5 digits x sensitivity Position I: Measured value = + 5 digits x sensitivity x 10 .MINILEVEL "classic" / A10 classic .125 digits x sensitivity x 10 `125 ML Overview .

1204 µm/m 5 µm/m .6020 µm/m 10 µm/m .12040 µm/m Sensitivities MINILEVEL / 1 digit = 1 mV Display 1 µm/m 1 µm/m 5 µm/m 5 µm/m 10 µm/m 10 µm/m LT Overview .LEVELTRONIC "classic" / A40 classic LEVELMETER '1204 A B OUT 1 µm/m Display .

classic Differential measurement Measuring direction Levelmeter LEVELMETER '1204 Measuring instrument A B OUT Red cable Grey cable Reference instrument LT Overview .LEVELTRONIC "classic" with Levelmeter 25.

20 mm/m 1mV / 10µm/m Angle in µm/m or Arcsec (Format RS485) M WYLER AG SWITZERLAND Aus/Off + M Range II mm/m > 5 sec > 60 min Messen / Measuring Justierung Nullpunkt Adjustment Zero Einstellung Messbereich Changing Range +/+/- MINILEVEL NT ML NT Display .200 mm/m +/.100 mm/m +/.20 mm/m +/.MINILEVEL “NT" / A11 NT Range 1: Range 2: Output: or 1 µm/m: +/.10 mm/m 1mV / 5µm/m 10 µm/m +/.2 mm/m 1mV / 1µm/m 5 µm/m +/.

Display / Output
MINILEVEL „classic“
Output: +/- 2000 mV
LM C25

1 digit = g 1 mV
Display : Range II: +/- 2000 digits Range I: +/- 2000 digits

MINILEVEL „NT NT“

LEVELMETER

Output: +/- 2000 mV
A

'1204

B

OUT

and / or Angle in format RS485

Display: Range II: Angle in µm/m or Arcsec Range I A l i µm/m or Arcsec R I: Angle in / A

LM2000

Display/Output

MINILEVEL “NT" / A11 NT

WYLER R SEAL-TEC

LCD-Print +/-2V DC or RS485

ProcessorPrint

Sensor with pendulum / N2 (nitrogene)
ML NT Display

MINILEVEL NT and LEVELTRONIC NT
The new productline MINILEVEL NT / LEVELTRONIC NT is well suited for precision measurements of small angles. i i t f ll l - Large LCD digital display, two sensitivities can be selected (MINILEVEL NT only) - Precise zero point adjustment by using the push buttons j y g - Rugged precision aluminium housing for protecting against external influences - State of the art digital technology combined with the use of modern electronic components allows signal output in di it l d i digital and analogue form l f - Possibility of connection to a Levelmeter C25 or Levelmeter 2000, as well as to the Leveladapterset 2000 combined with the flatness measurement software “WYLER LEVELSOFT WYLER LEVELSOFT” - Power supply with common 1,5 V-Batteries - Fulfils the CE requirements (immunity against electromagnetic smog) g - All standard measuring bases are available - Available with calibration in Arcsec or µm/m

MINILEVEL NT

LEVELTRONIC NT
ML vs LT

More accurately than Minilevel when differential mode is applied .Installation and adjustment of machines .No interference by magnetic fields (Electric motors etc.) .2 ranges of measurement.) .Highly shock resistant .Measurement of surface flatness .Measurement of surface flatness LEVELTRONIC "classic" LEVELTRONIC "NT" NT Auswahl ML-LT .External display (Levelmeter) .Integrated display .Choice of the ideal instrument .Highly shock resistant g y . useful for coarse adjustment MINILEVEL " l "classic" i " MINILEVEL "NT" .Installation and adjustment of machines .No interference by magnetic fields (Electric motors etc.

WYLER PROGRAM LEVELSOFT / Introduction Line / Straightness Parallels with/without twist Flatness WYLER Standard and U-Jack Rectangularity Introduction SW LEVELSOFT .

Linear regression Example: Measurement of a line Linear regression 9.ISO1101 .5µm +6 +4 +2 0 -2 -4 -6 ISO 1101 9µm End points 10µm Adjustment ISO1101 Line .Adjustment of Measuring results j g The following methods of adjustments are used: Adjustment .End points method .

Adjustment of Measuring results j g The following methods of adjustments are used: Adjustment End points method Example: Measurement of a line +6 +4 +2 0 -2 -4 -6 End points 10µm Adjustment ISO1101 Line .

Adjustment of Measuring results j g The following methods of adjustments are used: Adjustment ISO1101 Example: Measurement of a line +6 +4 +2 0 -2 -4 -6 ISO 1101 9µm Adjustment ISO1101 Line .

Adjustment of Measuring results j g The following methods of adjustments are used: Adjustment Adj t t Linear regression Li i Example: Measurement of a line Linear regression 9.5µm +6 +4 +2 0 -2 2 -4 -6 Adjustment ISO1101 Line .

43 µm 1000 mm (reduced to the step length of 180 mm) +2 -4 -2 2 =13.5µm 0 -4 Linienmessung .Measuring a line (as preparation for flatness measurement) SW WYLER according to ISO1101 Moving direction LEVELMETER '1204 A B OUT Example: Sensitivity of instrument: 1 µm/m Base length: 200 mm Step length: 180 mm .-4 + +16 ++2 + -4 -2 +7 +7 +16 Maximum error: 13.5 µm x 180 mm = 2.

72 µm Remark: When using the WYLER-Software for measuremnt the effective value will be read in .-4 0.Measuring a line (as preparation for flatness measurement) Moving direction .4 µm/m 180 mm 1000 mm Linienmessung II .

Measuring the transversal lines Remarks: The reliability of the measurement may be judged by the resulting closure error Parallel guide way Reference line Vermessung von Führungsbahnen . Measuring the reference line 2. 2 Measuring the parallel guide way 3.Measurement of two guide ways g y Exercise Prosedure: 1.

Measurement of 90° angles on g measuring bases and workpieces 1 2 + - + - α 2 α Referenz 1 + - + - Correction B A = C+D 2 D - A+B 2 C 2 + - 1 + - α Referenz Referenz + 1 α + - 2 Vermessung von Messbasen und rechten Winkeln .

Measurement of a 90° angle g Exercise: 4µm 6µm Vermessung eines rechten Winkels .

Step: Measurement of the 90 deg. angle of the object / 4 different possibilities 1 2 Referenz 2 1 The Wyler LEVELSOFT is leading the way through the different software menus 2 1 1 Vermessung eines rechten Winkels 2 .Measurement of a 90° angle g with Software LEVELSOFT 1. Step: Determining the angular error of the instrument using a master square with parallel sides A B C D Angular error = C+D 2 - A+B 2 2.

6 µm µ 0.2 µm LINEAR REGRESSION CORRECTION OF INSTRUMENT 0. Step: Alignment of the measuring object and determining the error a) Alignment of the reference line according to ENDPOINTS ANGLE / ENDPOINTS 0.0 µm The Th error of the second line is shown f th d li i h according to the various alignment methods: .ISO 1101 .4 µm 0.2 0 2 µm 0.ENPOINTS .Measurement of a 90° angle g with Software LEVELSOFT 3.1 µm 0.5 µm 0.LINEAR REGRESSION ERROR REFERENCE LINE 0.6 µm ERROR 2ND LINE BASED ON ISO1101 END POINTS 0.58 µm/m Vermessung eines rechten Winkels .3 µm 0.1 µm -2.

5 µm 0.7 µm ERROR 2ND LINE BASED ON ISO1101 END POINTS 0.ISO 1101 .1 µm LINEAR REGRESSION CORRECTION OF INSTRUMENT 0.2 µm -2.1 µm 0.3 µm 0.Measurement of a 90° angle g with Software LEVELSOFT 3. Step: Alignment of the measuring object and determining the error b) Alignment of the reference line according to ISO 1101 ANGLE / ISO1101 0.4 µm 0.LINEAR REGRESSION ERROR REFERENCE LINE 0.ENPOINTS .5 µm µ 0.58 µm/m Vermessung eines rechten Winkels .0 µm The Th error of the second line is shown f th d li i h according to the various alignment methods: .2 0 2 µm 0.

2 0 2 µm 0. Step: Alignment of the measuring object and determining the error c) Alignment of the reference line according to LINEAR REGRESSION ANGLE / LINEAR REGRESSION 0.ENPOINTS .58 µm/m Vermessung eines rechten Winkels .4 µm 0.6 µm ERROR 2ND LINE BASED ON ISO1101 END POINTS 0.ISO 1101 .0 µm LINEAR REGRESSION CORRECTION OF INSTRUMENT 0.1 µm -2.3 µm 0.5 µm µ 0.Measurement of a 90° angle g with Software LEVELSOFT 3.LINEAR REGRESSION ERROR REFERENCE LINE 0.5 µm 0.0 µm The Th error of the second line is shown f th d li i h according to the various alignment methods: .1 µm 0.

Measuring the square object 2.6µm Tilting the line the same way the reference line was tilted Ausrichtung rechtwinklige Objekte .5µm Linear Regression 2. Display of the total rectangular error (in the example measuring line to reference line) a) according to “End points” b) according to “ISO 1101” c) according to “linear regression” End points 4. Tilting the reference line according to ISO 1101 (square line is tilting identically) 3.1µm ISO 1101 9.Adjustment of Measuring results at an object j g j with a square angle Reference measurement ( Reference line) Adjusted measuring line Original measurement Adjusted djusted measuring line Linear Regression Reference ISO 1101 9µm Tilting the reference line Line Original measurement Procedure: 1.

11 / WIN 95 / Win NT 3.0 μm Closure error: 0.Cable with „dongle“ .5 or higher Ebenheitsmessungen mit WYLER Messgeräten und Mess-Software Engineer Set consists of: .Leveladapter .2 Minilevel "NT" .3 μm Graphic display of profile As an option the connection to a PC is available: Options: .Levelmeter 2000 .Flatness Measurement with WYLER Inclinometers and WYLER Software SURFACE GRID WYLER Length: 1200 mm Witdh: 800 mm Maximum error: 4.Measurement-Software Operating Systems: DOS / Win 3.

Always measure in the direction of the cable Flächenmessung mit LEVELTRONIC "classic" .Flatness measurement with LEVELTRONIC "classic" Moving direction Personal Computer Measuring instrument LEVELMETER '1204 Leveladapter 2000 A B OUT Reference instrument ATTENTION: .Connect the red cable to the measuring instrument .

Check the correct sensitivity .Connect the red cable to the measuring instrument .Remove batteries (MINILEVEL "classic" only) .Flatness measurement with MINILEVEL "classic" Moving direction Personal Computer Measuring instrument Leveladapter 2000 Reference instrument ATTENTION: .Al Always measure in the direction of the cable i th di ti f th bl Flächenmessung mit MINILEVEL "classic" .

Check the sensitivity when using MINILEVEL NT .Connect the red cable to the measuring instrument .Always measure in the direction of the cable y LT NT ML25/Leveladapter 2000 .Flatness measurement with LEVELTRONIC NT Measuring instrument Personal Computer LEVELMETER '1204 Leveladapter 2000 A B OUT Reference instrument ATTENTION: .

Flatness measurement with MINILEVEL NT Personal Computer Measuring instrument Leveladapter 2000 Reference instrument ATTENTION: .Connect the red cable to the measuring instrument .Always measure in the direction of the cable y LT NT Leveladapter 2000 .Check the sensitivity when using MINILEVEL NT .

Flatness measurement with MINILEVEL NT or LEVELTRONIC NT with Levelmeter 2000 Levelmeter 2000 Measuring instrument Reference i t R f instrument t Using a Levelmeter 2000 instead of a Levelmeter C25 additional features are available like: dditi lf t il bl lik "ZERO"-Setting. and so on LT NT Levelmeter 2000 . various measuring units.

NEW !!! „Remote Display“ for MINILEVEL and LEVELTRONIC „NT“ LT NT with remote display .

Attention: Loosen the safety supports first ! 7. Place the instruments on the surface plate for acclimatization 3. check correct switch position of MINILEVEL 11. After the measurement apply MICROPOLISH for conditioning the plate Vorbereitungen Ebenheit . 4. Turn on the Leveladapter 2000 5. Connecting the instruments (and Levelmeter) to the computer. INPUT: "Measurement with one instrument" Adjust correct sensitivity 8. after that cleaning of the plate again. remove batteries (Levelmeter Minilevel “classic” only) (Levelmeter. Turn on the computer (after connecting the instruments) 6. Execute test measurement. Calculation of the best fit grid and draw it on the surface plate. line with approx. 20 steps without moving the instrument 10. 9. Free space at edge minimum 1/2 base width. Adjust surface plate to within +/. Start with flatness measurement. Cleaning of the surface plate (on the previous day) 2. Prepare the software programme for the measurement with the necessary data Attention: When measuring with 2 Leveltronics and Levelmeter.50 µm/m with j p µ Spirit Level or Leveltronic/Minilevel.Preparation for Flatness Measurement 1.

.. 105 mm 120 .0 μm Closure error: 0...Basics on surface flatness measurement Influence of temperature: A temperature difference of 1 degree Celsius between the upper and the lower side of a plate of 1m length results already in a deformation of the plate of 6 to 7 µm Surface flatness according to DIN 876 / ISO1101: Flatness of granite surface plates (DIN 876 / ISO1101) Quality Maximum error in µm 00 2 x ( 1 + Länge in [m] ) 0 4 x ( 1 + Länge in [m] ) 1 10 x ( 1 + Länge in [m] ) 2 20 x ( 1 + Länge in [m] ) SURFACE GRID WYLER Length: 1200 mm Witdh: 800 mm Choice of measuring base: Ideal measuring base: Flat steel base with dust groves Maximum error: 4. 190 mm Schrittlänge .. 145 mm 160 .3 μm Measuring step length: Length of the base 110 mm 150 mm 200 mm Optimal step length 90 mm 126 mm 170 mm Recommended step length 85 ..

max.3 μm Flatness error of a partial area Size of area Max.0 μm Closure error: 0. tolerance t2 in µm 00 0 1 2 250 x 250 mm 3µm 5µm 13µm 25µm Accepted border zone: 2% of width of plate.Basics on surface flatness measurement Prerequisite: • Max. difference top/bottom = 2°C • After cleaning: 2 hours drying time Grade 00 0 1 2 t1 in µm 2 (1 + Länge in m) 4 (1 + Lä Länge i m) in ) 10 (1 + Länge in m) 20 (1 + Länge in m) SURFACE GRID WYLER Length: 1200 mm g Witdh: 800 mm Maximum error: 4. 20mm Schrittlänge . temp.

und Kontrollplattefür die Ebenheitsmessung edge 30 mm 3 Preparation: 1. 2. 190 mm) Step length: longitudinal 6 x 190 mm + 2 x 30 mm edge transversal 4 x 190 mm + 2 x 20 mm edge Vorbereitungen einer Mess. Preparation according to special instructions. like e. Defining the edge zone (about ½ of the width of base. 20 to 30 mm) 3. etc. Base length 200 mm 1 LEVELTRONIC 1 µm/m.. Drawing the grid on the plate edge 30 mm 6 x 190mm 4 x 190m mm Size of granite plate: 1200 x 800 mm Measuring system used:: 1 LEVELTRONIC 1 µm/m.g. set to level.. Base length 150 mm 22% of width % Preparation of a granite p g surface plate for flatness measuring Supporting points according to “Bessel” . cleaning. max. Definition of the measuring step length 4.22% of length 22% of length For the example : Baselength: 200mm (recommended step length: 160 .

Remarks: Determining the maximum error is always according to ISO 1101 SURFACE GRID WYLER Length: 1200 mm L th Witdh: Witdh 800 mm Flatness according to ISO1101 without correction of the closure error The closure error should not exceed 20% to 25% of the max.0 μm Closure error: 0.3 μm .3 μm SURFACE GRID WYLER Length: 1200 mm Witdh: 800 mm Flatness according to ISO1101 with g correction of the closure error Maximum error: 4.0 μm Vermessung von Messbasen und rechten Winkeln Closure error: 0. error Maximum error: 4.

Geometrical inspection of machine tools “ROLL” error “PITCH” error Roll / Pitch .

Geometrical inspection of machine tools Inspection of I ti f machine tool table R M R M M R Geometrical inspection of an instable structure Vermessung Maschinen .

.60 degrees 0.2 V DC und Levelmeter C25 Levelmatic 34 +/.g.2 V DC Linearity Output signal Levelmatic .5% FS Levelmeter B25 Levelmatic 31 +/..5 ..5% FS +/. +/..45 degrees 0... precision transducers are available also in two axis configuration with LED bar display Levelmatic 30 Measuring range +/.LEVELMATIC Precision transducer Various transducers in different configurations available e.2 mRad .5% FS +/. +/.2 mRad.30 degrees 0. +/.

Inclination measuring instruments based on digital technique Part 3 Digitaltechnik Titel .

1 up to +/.60 degrees •Measurement under dynamic conditions •Display for graphical analysis and on line monitoring Display on-line •Galvanic disconnection for outdoor applications Ziele ZERO . use of microprocessors Digital •Measuring range from +/. high accuracy •Low temperature dependency •Digital technique.ZEROTRONIC Objectives for the development of the new sensor •High resolution.

Digital frequency counter with calibration data memory and asynchronous serial port .Voltage stabilisator with level-shifter .Oscillator .RC .Digital frequency counter Pendelum .Voltage stabilisator .Calibration data memory .Housing and mounting bracket .Asynchronous serial port Connector for RS 485 Elektrodes RC-Oscillator Mounting bracket Housing gastight Aufbau ZERO .ZEROTRONIC / Housing gastight Design of ZEROTRONIC: .Sensor including pendulum held by Archimedes helical springs .

ZEROTRONIC / Housing gastight Design of ZEROTRONIC: .Voltage stabilisator .Voltage stabilisator with level-shifter .Calibration data memory .Asynchronous serial port Connector for RS 485 WYLER R SEAL-TEC Elektrodes Mounting bracket Querschnitt ZERO mit 3 Prints gastight Housing gastight RC-Oscillator .RC .Digital frequency counter .Housing and mounting bracket .Oscillator .Sensor including pendulum held by Archimedes helical springs .Digital frequency counter with calibration data memory and asynchronous Pendelum serial port .

2.. 20 [mA] / 12 ...5 . 12 .5 [V] / 5..0 [V] VDD 4 .ZEROTRONIC / OUTPUT OUT IN Measuring rate TYPE 2 RS485 F1 and F2 [Hz] Calibration data Temp [Hz] OUT IN Measuring rate RS485 F1 and F2 [Hz] Calibration data Temp [Hz] Angle in [Rad] (Angle calculated in sensor) Measuring rate TYPE 3 RS485 Analogue Output 0...... 24 [V] VDD ZERO gastight OUTPUT digital analog .5 .. 4.

. With every measurement the frequencies F1 & F2 as well as the calibration data must be transmitted HIGH Computing the angle from frequencies and calibration data received Depending on the host‘s sampling rate set: measurements of objects with low frequency vibration is difficult ZEROTRONIC TYPE 3 100% Identical Identical SMALL Only the angle in RAD is transmitted from sensor to host Host computer performance LOW Angle is computed in the sensor Internal measuring rate The sampling rate in the sensor is 100/ sec. this allows high quality measurements on objects with low frequency vibrations. .ZEROTRONIC Comparison between ZEROTRONIC type 2 and type 3 ZEROTRONIC TYPE 2 Power consumption Interface electronic Interface data format Data volume transmitted 50% Identical Identical LARGE When starting a measurement the calibration data must be transmitted.Easy programming for customer Various ZERO gastight OUTPUT digital analog .VI for LabVIEW (National Instr) .

Digital measuring priciple g gp p (ZEROTRONIC / CLINO / CLINO 2000) Voltagestabilisator Pendelum Selector Oscillator Digital frequency counter asynchronous serial port (EXT) GND +5V RTA RTB PWM RTS (AUX) C1 C2 R const Frequency = f (C) Inverter 1 2 Connector SIGNAL Position “Selector” Frequency Messproinzip ZERO C var .

Digital measuring principle principle function of a RC-Oscillator / part 1 UA C var R UC UA C var R UC UC UA UC UA t t Charge Discharge Laden/Entladen Kondensator .

Digital measuring principle principle function of a RC-Oscillator / part 2 Simplified description of “principle function of a Schmittrigger” U in Schmitttrigger U out U+ Ut U+ Upositive threshold negative threshold U+ U- Schmitt-Trigger .

Digital measuring principle RC Oscillator 1 2 R const Inverter C left C rigth Funktion ZERO .

Calibration of a digital measuring system 1. Calibration of the system F1/F2 (F1. The lib ti 2 Th calibration points i t will be stored Angle F1/F2 (F1.F2) Angle Kalibrierung I .F2) Number of calibration points: Clinotronic: 21 Zerotronic: free to chose 2.

F2) 3. -30 degrees Kalibrierung II .F2) T=40°C T=20°C T= T 0°C F1 30° F2 30° Angle 4. Calculation of the individual values between the calibration p points by means of interpolation y p Angle Calibration point F1/F2 (F1.Calibration of a digital measuring system F1/F2 (F1. Calibration at different temperatures Setting of calibration device e.g.

F2) T 40 C T=40°C T=20°C T= 0°C Angle -50° -40° -30° -20° -10° 10° 20° 30° 40° 50° Calibration Measurement Kalibrierung II .Calibration of a digital measuring system F1/F2 (F1.

Calibration of a digital measuring system Typical curves of the frequencies of +CLINO PLUS+ Frequency F1 Frequency F2 Frequency in [Hz] 500‘000 480‘000 460‘000 440‘000 420‘000 400‘000 -50° 50° -40° 40° -30° 30° -20° 20° -10° 10° 0° 10° 20° 30° 40° 50° Kalibrierung II .

B. 45° The ZERO-Offset can be eliminated with a reversal measurement ZERO Offset .Elimination of ZERO-Offset ZERO Offset Angle eff 45° ZERO-Offset Angle nominal z.

g.g. Eliminating the ZERO-Offset Angle eff.Elimination of ZERO. ZERO. 45° The ZERO-Offset can be eliminated with a reversal measurement (Zerotronic. 45° The GAIN Off t Th GAIN-Offset can be eliminated with a „stick calibration“ (Clino2000 and ZEROTRONIC only) Zero-/Gain-Offset .and Gain-Offset Angle eff. Clino45 and Clino2000) Angle nominal e.and GAIN-Offset ZERO GAIN Offset 1. 45° 3.B. Gain-Offset Gain-Offset G i Off t 45° 45° 2. Eliminating Gain-Offset g Angle eff. Angle nominal ZERO-Offset ZERO Offset e. 45° Angle nominal z.

5V Size AA .Digital measuring system .No loss of calibration date by battery change .Reinforced housing / greater stability .Easy to calibrate by the user .Sensor cell in SEALTEC-quality .CLINOTRONIC Most important features: .Connection to RS 232 output of PC Clino 45 Uebersicht .Various units to select .Settling time / Display < 5 Seconds .Shorter response time .Standard: Measuring range +/.45° Options: +/-30° and +/-10 ° Specifications: .Linearity < 2 Arcmin + 1 digit Improvements compared to the existing version: .Standard batteries 1.Repetition < 20 Arcsec .

Calibration a) Calibration manually b) Ca b at o automatically Calibration auto at ca y Clino Uebung . 2 Eliminating the zero offset zero-offset by means of a reversal measurement 3. 3 HOLD function 4.CLINOTRONIC Exercise: 1. Change and store unit of measurement 2.

45° with integrated temperature compensation .Standard: Measuring range +/.O.Data connection: RS485. .45° Options: +/. no parity. p .07% R. fulfils all requirements Most important features: . 2 Stopbits.CLINO 2000 The new digital inclination measuring instrument for a great variety of measuring tasks. .Effortless zero adjustment by using the integrated software and a reversal measurement . y . 7 Bit.Easy to calibrate due to the implemented software guidance and the calibration aids .Limits of error: < 5 Arcsec + 0. asynchr.Settling time < 5 seconds ..Most modern digital electronic components .Highest possible precision over the large measuring range of +/. +/.30° und +/.Resolution 5 Arcsec . 9600 Baud Clino 2000 .Fulfils the strict CE requirements (immunity against electromagnetic smog) . .Most common units available .60°.10 ° Specifications: S ifi ti .

5V Analogue Output (PWM) Power supply 12 ..5V Angle = +FS Ø 4.7µS F=3..ZEROTRONIC / „ANALOGUE“ OUTPUT „ANALOGUE Output Angle = 0 Vcc=5V 0V Ø 2..5V Angle = -FS 100%=277.77µS Ø 0.6kHz 10% 27. 24V P l 4 . 20mA R GND „Current loop“ PWM GND I Interface +5V UR ZERO gastight OUTPUT analog .77µS 10%=27..

Sensor xB .xxx 30° . e. +10 degrees xA .xxx 5° .xxx 1° .Sensor xD .xxx 10° .Sensor Zero.Sensor xE .Sensor xC . -10 degrees .g.g.xxx 60° .ZEROTRONIC Angle 0 degrees Sensor-Type Angle positive. Nummern Angle negative. e.

ZEROTRONIC External power supply Transceiver/ Converter T RS232 C RS485 ZEROTRONIC-Sensors with T/C (Transceiver/Converter) connected to a Personal Computer Zero mit T/C .

ZEROTRONIC Transceiver/ Converter T C Levelmeter 2000 RS485 ZEROTRONIC-Sensors with T/C (Transceiver/Converter) connected to a Levelmeter 2000 Zero/TC/LM2000 .

ZEROTRONIC RS 485 Frequencies f1 und f2 Calibration data Measuring rate RS 485 RS 232 Angle and measuring unit RS 485 RS 232 DDE /Dynamic Data Exchange) Format of data transfer F t fd t t f Header (4) Address (3) Opcode (1) Data (8) Check-sum (2) Trailer (1) Transmission data format: asynchron / 7 Bit / 2 Stopbits / no parity Bit-System .

.3V < -0 3V -0...3V +0 3V Number “3” > +0.Format / V28 V1 < -3V V1 > +3V Number “3” + 3V S 1 1 0 0 “1” OFF “0” ON 0 1 1 0 S RS 485 ..3V Delta Va .and RS485-Format Binary code "7 Bit" y BINARY DECIMAL 20 1 21 2 22 4 23 8 24 16 25 32 26 64 ASCII (Basic Code CCITT) ..3V S 1 1 0 0 1 1 “1” OFF “0” ON 0 0 S . Vb > +0. Vb < -0.3V Binär-System .Format / V11 Delta Va . Number “3” Letter “F” 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 Basic Code 0 1 RS 232 ..ZEROTRONIC ASCII in RS232.Display of .

Parameters like . and so on are free selectable DYNAM WYLER WYBASE RS 485-Driver WYANGLE Sampler Display Printer Analyzer Sender Server Additional S SW f customer for specific applications The complete SW package will be prepared by WYLER according to q customers requirements Specific customer’s applications DYNAM-Struktur .Measuring rate .ZEROTRONIC Software-Structure DYNAM Operating Systems MS-DOS Windows 3.Selection of filters.11 Windows 95 WIN NT DYNAM Basic-Software .Display on the monitor .very flexible configured .

ZEROTRONIC Software-Structure DYNAM DISPLAY with actual values Display on the monitor of a measurement with 2 ZEROTRONICSensors and continuous monitoring of all previously measured values PANEL the “cockpit” ANALYZER which displays all measured measuring values Panel/Display .

ZEROTRONIC Software-Structure DYNAM ANALYZER Tool to analyse all p previously recorded y measuring values stored in different files Analyzer .

ZEROTRONIC Software-Structure DYNAM NEW !!! Measurements and Analyzations with VI‘s from WYLER for ZEROTRONIC Type 3 LabVIEW .

ZEROTRONIC Data transmission from short distances up to several kilometers / 1 Levelmeter 2000 Distance up to approx. 15 meters Transceiver / Converter Sensor A RS 485 BUS RS 485 BUS Sensor B PC 2 Sensors without external power supply With additional T/C´s and external power supply more than 2 sensors can b connected be t d Levelmeter 2000 Distance up to approx. 15 meters RS 232 2 Sensors with external power supply and 1 T/C Up to 31 T/C´s with 2 sensors each T/C s can be connected Zero Konfig I . 15 meters p pp 2 Sensors with external power supply With additional T/C´s and external power supply more than 2 sensors can be connected Distance up to approx.

ZEROTRONIC Data transmission from short distances up to several kilometers / 2 Transceiver / Converter Sensor A RS 485 BUS RS 485 BUS Sensor B PC Distance up to 1000 m Up to 31 T/C´s with 2 sensors each can be connected Distance up to 1000 m Up to 31 T/C´s with 2 sensors each can be connected Up to 30 OPTO transceivers can be connected Distance up to several 1000 m OPTO-Transceiver Zero Konfig II .

and so on) Anwendungen ZERO .ZEROTRONIC Applications A few typical applications for ZEROTRONIC Sensors: Precision inclination measurement on unstable objects like Machine tools Adjustment of moving platforms on boats and vessels Long term monitoring with data collection and -transfer Buildings Construction sites Bridges B id Dams Tunnels Inclination measurement by driving on a road Various applications Adjustment of printing machines Measurement of profiles (aircrafts. racing cars “formula 1”.

0.0358 % F.O.S.06 % R.0.O. +02% RO 0. + 0 03 % R O 0.0. drift within 6 months/20°C Temperatur stability in Arcsec/°C Zero point Gain +/.S.00286 % F. +/.S. + 0.00100 % F.S.0.0.004 % F.00429 % F.O.00430 F. 0.03 R. +/.00315 F. +/. drift within 24h/20°C Limits of error in Arcsec Range incl.S. + 0.0.00124 % F.S.00286 F.04 % F.60 degrees ZEROMATIC 50 +/. 0.00430 % F.S. +/.O.S.00859 % F.O.O. +/. 0.S. 0. R.015 % F.S.0. 0.017 % F.0.04 % R.01 % R. +/ 0 00315 % F S Null/Gain 0. + 0. +/ 0 00454 % F S +/.1 % R.O.0.O.0.0.2 R.037 % F.0128 F. +/. +/ 0 00430 % F S Null/Gain 0.0.00315 % F.S.04 % F.S. +/.O.10 % R.S.028 % F. 0.O.S.S.01310 % F.S. +/.005 % F. +/.S. Fullscale Readout Spezifikationen ZERO .00100 % F.0037 % F.00888 % F.S.10 degrees +/. +/.O. +/.S. Null/Gain 0.00122 % F.O.07 % R.0128 % F.01 % R.0. + 0 02 % R.S.008 % F.O.0046 % F. +/.02 % R.0.0. + 0. +/ 0 00286 % F S Null/Gain 0. 0. + 0.0.S.0. + 0. +/. 0.S. + 0.O. +/.S. +/.S.S.055 % F.O.1 degrees +/. 0.0042 % F.S.01430 % F. Remarks: F. + 0 01 % R O 0. + 0.S.15 % R. + 0 2 % R. 0. +/.S.S.S. +/.S.014 % F.5 degrees +/.S.O.2 RO 0.15 % F.0. + 0.0.0.S.0.01 R. +/. +/ 0 0128 % F S Null/Gain 0.S. + 0.25 % R.00454 % F.30 degrees +/.02 RO 0.ZEROTRONIC Specifications ZEROTRONIC Measuring range Resolution 1 Measurement/sec without filter with filter 10 Measurements /sec without filter with filter Limits of error in Arcsec Range incl.00454 F.S.S.

ZEROTRONIC Possible concept for data transfer Zerotronic Sensors PC with WYLER-SW DYNAM Office Field Modem Modem Transceiver / Converter Data report Alarm Transmission to another station Uebermittlung Daten .

Step: Measuring the difference between the two platforms Platform to be adjusted 3. 1 Step: “ZERO-Setting” with both sensors Platform to be adjusted Reference platform 2. Step: Adjustment of the platform according to the measured deviation until the display shows “ZERO” Schiffs-Plattformen .ZEROTRONIC Adjustment of platforms on boats with ZEROTRONIC Reference platform 1.

Maschinen ZERO .ZEROTRONIC ZEROTRONIC PROJECT 50 Easy finding of the 90 deg Deviation deg. „Zero setting“ by means of reversal setting measurement on horizontal position of the spindle. saving values (manually or PC) 2. Levelmeter 2000 saving values (manually or PC) 4. „Zero setting“ by means of reversal measurement on vertical position p of the spindle. Swivelling spindle 90 deg. Calculating angular difference between the two positions of the spindle by means of pocket calculator or PC. when swivelling the spindle from „horizontal“ to „vertical“. 3. 1.

Easy simultaneous „zero setting“ of 4 sensors 2. Angular difference between the pairs of sensors easily visualized on the Levelmeter Differential measurement easily possible at various positions.ZEROTRONIC ZEROTRONIC PROJECT 51 Adjustment of various platforms in large aircrafts during assembly and maintenance Reference plate situated at the forward end of the cargo floor 1. Aircraft ZERO .

f2: Frequencies Sensors EMPA β = β1 .ZEROTRONIC Task: Measurement of a road profile p Continous measurement of inclination by driving on a road and taking the influence of acceleration into consideration β1 = f (f1 and f2) f 1. t) β2 = f (arcsin a) β2 β Calculation of the effective inclination β2 = f (arcsin a) = f {arcsin [f (s.β2 Zerotronic Z t i Sensor DYNAM Encoder ASIC WYLER DYNAM DYNAM Device for measuring the distance s = f (t) a = f (s.β2 β . f 2 ASIC WYLER β1 β = β1 . t)]} (s a: Acceleration [m/s2] (=dv/dt = v’ = s’’) s: Distance [m] f1.

ZEROTRONIC Measurement of a road profile p EMPA Analyzer .