Assessment Methods/Strategies - Project Work Definition There is no universally agreed definition of the term ‘project work’ however

Henry (1994) suggests that the following 6 criteria act as working definition:The Student:-

• •

usually selects the topic- from the subject area given by the teacher undertakes their own research to find the information presents an end product – usually a report and often for assessment undertakes an independent piece of work

• • •

The Project:lasts over an extended period

The Teacher assumes the role of advisor

Projects can be practical –vocational, performance based or library based with the focus being on individual project work Advantages


• • •

Can be highly motivating students are able to follow their own interest Can promote independent learning It encourages active learning Students can find their own level Can encourage the application of knowledge to practice and develop practical skills (Reece and Walker 2007)

• • •

Enhances study and key skills- e.g. research, analysis, evaluation, time management, communication etc (Atherton 2010) For practical based projects can provide realistic situations for students (Henry 1994)

Disadvantages


Can take a long time to complete and some students may lose interest, enthusiasm and motivation (Bourner et al, 2001). Students may want to deviate from the teacher’s original instruction and it is hard to keep the students on track (Seet, 2010).

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Assessment.• • Some students will need a lot of managing and support Need careful design if it is to work well Information and library services need to be available so that students will be able to access the relevant resources • • • Can be costly particularly for practical projects Projects often take longer to mark than a conventional assignment (Hargreaves. 2006:23). Appropriate usage and Learning Style • • • Good method of assessing the use of the higher cognitive skills –analysis. 26 (1).info/teaching/assessment_projects. synthesis and evaluation (Henry 1994) For practical projects can be a good method of assessing psychomotor skills (Reece and Walker 2007) To have much value projects require a clear brief. References Atherton JS (2010) Learning and Teaching. Audio and Kinaesthetic learners A student with disabilities may need a learning support tutor. writing length may need to be reduced and more time may be needed to complete the project (Open University.learningandteaching. 2010 [online]). Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education. projects (on-line) UK available from http: www. given in writing. together with a marking scheme which directs students where to put their major efforts and there needs to be regular formative assessments (Atherton 2010) • • • A recognised and realistic alternative to traditional exams (Reece and Walker 2007) Project work takes account of Visual. 19-39. Jill et al (2001) First Year Undergraduate Experiences of Group Project Work. 2 .htm (Accessed 19/10/10) Bourner .

php. Available from http://www. S (2009) Teaching.open. Reece.Hargreaves. Available from http://www. 173 – 185.palatine. 3 . Training and Learning (6th edition) Sunderland.ac. Learning Environment Research. [Accessed 13/10/2010]. Henry. L (2010) Evaluating Students Perceptions and Attitudes Towards Computer Mediated Project Based Learning Environment: A Case Study.uk/inclusiveteaching/pages/inclusive-teaching/assessment.uk/files/740. I and Walker. G. Kogan Page Limited Open University (2010) Making Your Teaching Inclusive. 13.pdf [Accessed 13/10/2010]. EIAT Consultancy Ltd (2006) An Introduction to Assessment. The Higher Education Academy – HE in FE: Teaching and Learning [online]. Business Education Publishers Seet.ac. J (1994) Teaching through projects.