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Experiment no (3) Three phase wound rotor induction motor

Introduction:

Then a 3-phase e.C. Both are made of isolated iron chips. Thus we have two rotating fields one is from stator “rotating with the synch speed Ns” and the other from the rotor with (Ns-Nr) where Nr is the rotor speed. The 3-phase coils are connected to a 3-phase A. there will be a 3-phase current passes through its terminals each phase differ 120o from the other. power supply will produce a rotating field moving with the respect to the rotor.f is produced though the rotor coils & whilst the rotor is internally shorted. Mechanism of the induction motors: Connecting stator to a D. Experiment: ObjectiveFind the efficiency and input power factor of the 3-phase wound rotor induction motor. the poles number determines the speed of the motor.m. stator & rotor. Theory: There are two kinds of rotor due to their structure and the induction motor is usually named reference to the type of its rotor.C. The two type are close in there electrical characteristics and differ in their structure. for reducing the core losses. This provides a rotating field in the air gap.Induction motors consist of two parts. iiiWound rotor Squirrel cage . The stator includes gullies which filled with three copper coils distributed through the gullies suitably to provide 1200 between coils each two then produce a magnetic field “magnetic poles”.

the gullies into each pole are divided into 3-sections each one carry on one of the 3-phase coils with providing 120o between each phase and the other. One of the most useful advantages of these kinds of motors is that it provides changing of its starting characteristics over a wide region by connecting the stator coil to an external circuit. If the rotor magnetic field speed (synch speed) is Ns and the rotor speed is Nr then the slip speed is the ratio of the rotor speed and the synch speed (Ns-Nr). . The rotor is divided into a number of poles those are equal to stator poles. Slip principle: The voltage across rotor terminals depends on the ratio speed between the rotor and the speed of the magnetic field from the stator.In this experiment we used the wound rotor motor which is consist of isolated magnetic core chips constructed onto the motor shaft. The coils are usually star connected with 3-terminal shorted inside rotor while the 3-other coils are connected to the slip ring on the same shaft through Carbone brushes which touches the slip rings. Wound rotor & the arrow points to the slip rings During the rotating the rotor coils are connected out the rotor for the reason of controlling the starting of the machine or regulation the speed by connecting external resistance to the 3-phase terminals.

And then by eliminating no load current Io for its little much value we can get the induction motor equiv circuit in its last form as follow: . The induction motor is represented by equivalent circuit like transformer circuit that because the power move from stator that represented primary to the rotor that represent secondary by induction. 3-phase induction motor equiv circuit Where: Also we can draw the circuit with the secondary referred to the stator circuit to eliminate the magnetic circuit.The slip coefficient is the ratio of the slip speed & the synch speed.

.Induction motor equivalent CCT with referred to the primary Where: ---- ---- --- The power that the motor take from the source depends on the load which pointed by the stator current and power factor as follow: Some of this power is lost due the stator coil resistance & this lost is called stator copper losses. And then the total stator losses is After these losses from P1 the outstanding power will move through the air gap to the rotor and called the air gap power Pa which will be faced by the rotor copper losses and the mechanical losses. The other power will dropped as core losses.

46 0.064 1. Procedure: The external terminals of the induction motor were connected to the external resistance to control the speed of the machine.68 0.5 0.Wattmeter. .29 1.72 0.45 Generati on voltage VG 205 200 195 195 190 185 2.569 0.382 Power factor cosφ 0.946 68 1.16 Torqu eT 0.22 1. The connection of the induction motor is done and then we took the readings of the equivalent circuit characteristics.062 1. The result: Resistan ce position 9 8 7 6 5 4 Line voltag e VL 415 413 412 412 412 410 Line curren t IL 1.1 1.932 96 0.82 2.481 76 0 1. Voltmeter.36 1. .3-phase induction motor.38 1.2 0.Equipment: - Ammeter.629 0. .161 1.248 52 1.2 0.968 82 Spee d RPM 1485 1480 1472 1467 1459 1451 Motor curren t IG 0.Copper Coils.87 .8 1.74 Load cell L kg 1.

4747 148.1236 592.027333 0. . I) where: S – Slip.01 0.416346 0.425619 Slip 0. I). T.rotor current.7963 726.032667 Then the result of: (S vs.1047 Efficiency ζ= Pout/Pin 0.022 0.343839 0.torque & I.0067 662.2624 521.6288 196. I). Nr -rotor speed. I) & (ζ vs.018667 0.6363 0 309. (Nr vs.376144 0. (T vs.0176 232.392962 0 0.013333 0.Calculations: Pin :input power 351.2468 Pout :output power 146. ζ – Efficiency.81 432.

015 0.005 0 0 0.2 0.6 S vs.0. 4 0 .8 Current 1 1.6 0.4 0.4 1. IG . 6 0 . 2 0 .2 1.02 Slip (S) 0.03 0. 6 Nr vs.01 0.025 0. 4 1 . 2 1 . I 15 4 8 10 4 8 15 4 7 ro r sp e to e d 10 4 7 15 4 6 10 4 6 15 4 5 10 4 5 0 . 8 creI un r 1 1 .035 0.

8 0 .2 1 0 . 4 1 . IG . 8 Cret u n r 1 1 . 2 0 .6 1 .6 0 .4 0 .8 1 .2 0 0 To u rq e 0 . 2 1 . 6 T vs.2 1 .4 1 . 6 0 .4 0 .

15 0.8 Current 1 1.05 0 0 0.6 0.0. IG Conclusion: We realized the way that the wounded rotor work and also knowing the efficiency and the electrical power factor and the slipping and plotting them vs.3 Efficiency 0.1 0. .6 Efficiency vs.2 1.35 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.4 1. the current of the rotor.2 0.4 0.