Antibodies

By

Daniel Rolph
Version 4

Title Screen in style of 1950s Educational Film: ANTIBODIES Title is replaced by a blank screen NARRATOR (V.O) We all know that it’s no fun being ill. scientists have discovered the culprits: However, Germs!

Two “Wanted” Posters appear showing different bacteria. NARRATOR (V.O) Whenever the bodies defences are breached, these germs seize their opportunity and invade! A drawing of a Human with a cut on their finger appears. A magnifying glass zooms in on the cut, showing individual red blood cells, with bacteria. tracks them into a blood vessel. NARRATOR (V.O) Once inside their victim, these germs immediately begin to multiply, stealing food and oxygen from the body. Initially there are only a few Bacteria which begin to divide. - Continued The camera

NARRATOR (V.O) Unless they are stopped, these insidious invaders will destroy their victim from the inside. The Bacteria begin to outnumber the red blood cells NARRATOR (V.O) However, the human body is not defenceless. Throughout the bloodstream, countless White blood cells patrol, looking for any sign of germs. Several White Blood Cells enters the screen. NARRATOR (V.O) To do this, they take advantage of germs greatest weakness. Science has discovered that every germ is In addition, each different type covered with tiny chemical markers that scientists call “Antigens”. of germ has its own unique Antigen. A magnifying glass zooms in on the surface of two different bacteria, revealing the different antigens on each. NARRATOR (V.O) Whenever a White Blood Cell encounters a germ, it analyses these antigens and begins to produce special proteins called “Antibodies”

One of the magnified bacterium bumps into a white blood cell, leaving several antigens stuck in the cell membrane. membrane. NARRATOR (V.O) Released into the bloodstream, antibodies are specifically designed to lock onto a particular type of antigen. The Antigens are released into the bloodstream, some of them sticking to the antigens on the correct bacteria. When they lock on, the free end begins to flash. NARRATOR (V.O) Once attached to an antigen, the antibodies signal another type of white blood cell to destroy the bacteria. The camera zooms out to show bacteria surrounded by little flashing lights; a larger white blood cell enters the frame and moves towards the tagged bacteria. quickly engulf and digests them. NARRATOR (V.O) And once the threat has been destroyed, there is good news! The body is now ready to destroy these germs on sight, whenever they try to invade. The last of the bacteria are mopped up, and the screen fades to black. It Antigens then begin to grow from the cell

NARRATOR (V.O) Yes, thanks to Antibodies, you’ll never suffer from the same illness again!