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Department of Homeland Security Arlington, Virginia 22202

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May 18,2006 Melanie Sloan, Executive Director Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington 11 Dupont Circle, N.W. 2"d Floor Washington, D.C. 20036 Re: DHS/OS/PO 05-776lSloan request Dear Ms. Sloan: This letter is the second partial response to your September 7, 2005, Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). You requested any and all records relating to the DHS's response to Hurricane Katrina, for the specified time frames of January 1,2001, to the present for Items 1 through 6, and August 26,2005, to the present for Items 7 through 19. Please note that DHS was created January 24, 2003; therefore, no DHS records exist prior to that date. Records created prior to the establishment of DHS by any of the component DHS agencies would be maintained by those components and FOIA requests for those documents should be sent directly to the FOIA Officer for that DHS component. The list of DHS FOIA contacts can be accessed via www.DHS.gov. Specifically, you requested documents that reveal: 1. What portion of the $3.1 billion appropriated to DHS in fiscal year 2005 for emergency preparedness to "support the Nation's ability to prepare for, mitigate against, respond to and recover from natural and manmade disasters" was spent to prepare for potential hurricanes on the Gulf Coast of the U.S. and on potential flooding in New Orleans; 2. the amount of money diverted from emergency preparedness for and response to natural disasters to emergency preparedness for and response to acts of terrorism and the rationale behind any such diversions; 3. studies, assessments, presentations, or scenarios of the potential devastation a powerful hurricane could wreck on the Gulf Coast, including, but not limited to the eight-day tabletop exercise conducted in July 2004, and intended to prepare DHS for a catastrophic hurricane in New Orleans; 4. plans created regarding the Federal Government's response to such scenarios; 5. the potential breaching of the levees that would lead to Lake Pontchartrain flooding New Orleans and the response to such breaches; 6. communications from anyone employed by or associated with the Army Corps of Engineers regarding the problems with and weakness of the levees surrounding New Orleans, the potential breaching of the levees and the consequences of such breaches, as well as proposed repairs or other construction to the levees; 7. requests for emergency assistance from local government officials in Mississippi and Louisiana in response to Hurricane Katrina, including but not limited to Secretary Chertoff's communications with such officials; 8. requests from local government officials in Mississippi and Louisiana for assistance in preparing for Hurricane Katrina, including, but not limited to communications requesting assistance in evacuating residents of Mississippi and Louisiana from the areas in the hurricane's path; 9. communications between the White House and DHS regarding the preparations for and response to the damage caused by Hurricane Katrina; 10. communications between DHS Secretary Michael Chertoff and FEMA Director Michael Brown regarding the preparation for and the response to the damage caused by Hurricane Katrina; 11. communications regarding the conditions in the New Orleans Convention Center; 12. communications regarding the need for transportation to evacuate victims of the hurricane from the city of New Orleans as well as communications regarding the need for food and water for victims stranded in New Orleans;

13. communications from Congressman Charles W. Boustany, Jr. (R-LA) requesting federal assistance and any response to Cong. Boustany; 14. communications regarding offers by corporations and foreign governments to assist the victims of Hurricane Katrina and DHS's response to such offers; 15. communications between DHS and cabinet officials, either before or after the hurricane, regarding the potential and actual devastation wrought by the hurricane and the Federal Government's response to the devastation; 16. communications regarding the plan to evacuate victims of the hurricane to Charleston, South Carolina and the misrouting of the plane carrying the evacuees to Charleston, West Virginia; 17. communications regarding the deployment of the National Guard to New Orleans to assist in evacuation and relief efforts; 18. communications regarding the inclusion of Operation Blessing, a Virginia based charity run by evangelist and Chnstian Coalition founder Pat Robertson, on DHS's list of charities to which people were asked to donate money to assist hurricane relief efforts; and 19. communications regarding the limitations placed on journalists and photographers, including, but not limited to, efforts to prevent photographers from taking pictures of the corpses of hurricane victims in Louisiana and Mississippi.

In our March 29,2006 first partial response we notified you that a search, directed to all DHS employees who might have records deemed responsive to any request for Katrina-related records, had produced thus far approximately 1,472 pages responsive to Items 9, 14, 15, and 17 of your request. Out of those 1,472 pages, we provided you with 13 pages with certain information withheld pursuant to Exemptions 2, 5 and 6 of the FOIA. That search has produced an additional 1,650 pages responsive to your request. Out of those 1,650 pages, we are now enclosing 32 pages with certain information withheld as detailed below.

, to the Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness. You will receive a direct response from that component as
it pertains to these items. You may contact the FOIA Officer for the Undersecretary for Preparedness, Sandy Ford Page, via email at Sandy.FordPage@dhs.gov or at (202) 282-9077. In addition, you sent this request to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Disclosure Office directly; therefore, you should expect a response to these items from FEMA. You may contact the FEMA FOIA Officer, Jeff Ovall, via telephone at (202) 646-305 1 or in writing at 500 C Street, S.W., Washington, DC 20472.

As it relates to Item 1 through 5 of your request, as advised on November 29,2005, your request was forwarded

As it relates to Item 6 of your request, you should direct this portion of your request to the U.S. Army. You may send your request to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Attn: CEHEC-OC (FOIA), 7701 Telegraph Road, Alexandria, VA 223 15-3860. As it relates to Item 7 of your request, our search produced 1 responsive page. Please be advised that the 1-page September 2,2005 letter from Sheriff Greg Champagne of St. Charles Parish is available online. Should you wish to obtain a copy of that letter, you may do so at www.scfop.org. In addition, the Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness and FEMA will issue direct responses to you for this item. As it relates to Item 8 of your request, of the records that fall under the purview of this office, our search did not produce any records. The Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness and FEMA will also issue responses for this item. As it relates to Item 9 of your request, our search produced 1,000 responsive pages. We are referring 1,000 pages to the Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness for processing and direct response to you. Contact information for the FOIA Officer for the Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness is above. As it relates to Item 10 of your request, our search produced 3 responsive pages. We have referred that 3-page document to FEMA for processing and direct response to you. Contact information for the FEMA FEMA FOIA Officer is above.

As it relates to Item 11 of your request, of the records that fall under the purview of this office, our search did not produce any records. The Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness and FEMA will also issue responses for this item. As it relates to Item 12 of your request, our search produced 2 responsive pages. That 2-page document is enclosed with excisions made pursuant to Exemptions 2 and 6 of the FOIA. We are continuing to process this portion of your request and will issue another response to you once processing is completed. The Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness and FEMA will also issue responses for this item. As it relates to Item 13 of your request, of the records that fall under the purview of this office, our search did not produce any records. The Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness and FEMA will also issue responses for this item. As it relates to Item 14 of your request, our search produced 330 responsive pages. We are referring 7 of those pages to the Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness for processing and direct response to you. In addition, we have enclosed 7 pages with excisions made pursuant to Exemptions 2,5, and 6 of the FOIA, while 3 16 pages are being withheld in their entirety pursuant to Exemption 5 of the FOIA.
'

As it relates to Item 15 of your request, we provided 4 pages to you in our first partial response of March 29, 2005. As it relates to Item 16 of your request, the Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness and FEMA will respond to you directly. , As it relates to Item 17 of your request, our search produced 3 14 responsive pages. We are referring 117 of those pages to the Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness, 38 pages to the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), and 24 pages to the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) for processing and direct response to you. You may contact the USCG at by writing to the USCG FOIA Officer, Donald Taylor, at 2100 Second Street, SW, Washington, DC 20593. You may contact TSA by writing to the TSA FOIA Officer, Catrina Pavlik, Office of Street, Arlington, VA 22202-4220. In addition, we have enclosed Security, West Bldg, l l t hFloor, 701 South 12'~ 11 pages with excisions made pursuant to Exemptions 2 and 6 of the FOIA, while 30 pages are being withheld in their entirety pursuant to Exemption 5. Furthermore, 54 pages are public documents available online, that were transmitted internally among DHS leadership. Please be advised that the FOIA does not require federal agencies to provide publicly available information; therefore, we are not providing the following documents to you: 1) August 3 1,2005, "Remarks by the President on the Relief Efforts for Hurricane Katrina," the September 1,2005, "Remarks by the President After Meeting with President George H.W. Bush and President Bill Clinton," the September 2,2005, "Remarks by the President After Walking Tour of Biloxi, Mississippi Hurricane Damage Neighborhoods," the September 3,2005, "Radio Address by the President to the Nation," and a September 3,2005 Fact Sheet may be obtained at www.whitehouse.gov; 2) August 3 1,2005 press conference transcript, a September 1,2005 press conference transcript, and a September 3,2005 Press Release Update may be obtained at www.dhs.gov; 3) September 1,2005 article entitled, "Homeland Security secretary says police force being quadrupled in New Orleans," is available at www.wsvn.com; 4) "Conditions in New Orleans Still Dire - Pumping May Take Months," "In First Response to Crisis, Bush Strikes Off-Key Notes," "Airlines to Fly Up to 25,000 Refugees Out of New Orleans," "Leader of Federal Effort Feels the Heat," and "Houston Struggles to Keep Up With a Surge of Evacuees Estimated at 200,000," are available at www.nytimes.com; 5) "Guard Troops Descend on New Orleans," and "A Time for Action, Not Outrage," are available at www.washingtonpost.com; 6) "Bush signs $10.5 billion disaster bill," is available at www.cnn.com; and 7) "Katrina's Assault on Washington," is available at www.rrojasdatabank.org. We are providing a 30 page e-mail, with excisions made pursuant to Exemption 2, which contains 12 pages of articles that are no longer publicly available. The remaining 18 pages of that e-mail are available online (please see items 4 through 7 above). Finally, a 10-page e-mail forwards to DHS employees excerpts from August 3 1,

2005 television news programs. To obtain transcripts of 6 stories reported by Charles Gibson on ABC World News Tonight you may go to www.transcripts.tv. Transcripts of 5 stories reported by Bob Schieffer and 3 stories reported by John Roberts on CBS Evening News are available by calling Burelle's Transcripts at 1-800-777-TEXT.Transcripts of 7 stories reported by Brian Williams and 1 story reported by Campbell Brown on NBC Nightly News are also available by calling Burelle's Transcripts at the above number. We are continuing to process this portion of your request and will issue another response to you once processing is completed. In addition, FEMA will respond directly to this item. Finally, as it relates to Items 18 and 19 of your request, of the records that fall under the purview of this office, our search did not produce any records. The Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness and FEMA will also issue responses for .this item. Enclosed are 32 pages with certain information withheld pursuant to Exemptions 2, 5 and 6 of the FOIA, 5 U.S.C. $5 552 (b)(2), (b)(5) and (b)(6). Exemption 2 (low) exempts from disclosure records that are related to internal matters of a relatively trivial nature, such as internal administrative tracking. Exemption 2 (high) protects information applicable to internal administrative matters to the extent that disclosure would risk circumvention of an agency regulation or statute, impede the effectiveness of an agency's activities, or reveal sensitive information that may put the security and safety of an agency activity or employee at risk. Exemption 5 protects the integrity of the deliberative or policy-making processes within the agency by exempting from mandatory disclosure opinion, conclusions, and recommendations included within inter-agency or intra-agency memoranda or letters. Exemption 6 exempts from disclosure records the release of which would cause a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy. While we believe that an adequate search of appropriate files was conducted for the records you requested, you have the right to appeal the withholding determinations and the determination that no records exist which would be responsive to portions of your request within 60 days of the date of this letter. Should you wish to do so, you must send your appeal to the Office of the General Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, Washington, DC 20528, following the procedures outlined in Subpart a, Section 5.9, of the DHS regulations. Your envelope and letter should be marked "FOIA Appeal." Copies of the FOIA and regulations are available at www.DHS.gov. Our office continues to process Items 12 and 17 of your request. The Office of the Undersecretary for Preparedness is responding to Items 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5, 7, 8,9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18 and 19 and is reviewing and responding directly to the documents that we found during our search. FEMA is responding to Items 1,2, 3,4, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 16, 17, 18 and 19 and is reviewing and responding directly to the documents that we found during our search. In our September 14, 2005 letter to you, we explained that we referred this request to the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) for processing and direct response to you. USCG will respond to all items deemed to fall under USCG purview, in addition to the 38 pages we have referred to USCG for review and response. TSA will respond directly to you as to the 24 pages we have referred to the FOIA Officer for review and response. Please refer to DHSIOSIPO 05-776lSloan request in any future correspondence. We appreciate your patience as we continue to process your request.

ntal Disclosure & FOIA Enclosures: 32 pages

From: Napoli, Tona [/O=DHS ORG/OU=FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE

GROUP/CN=RECIPIENTS/CN=TONA.NAPOLI]
Sent: Friday, September 02,2005 10:22 AM To: Cannatti, Ashley, Mayer, M a t t Subject: MESSAGE FROM[ b6 Rhode FW: (

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From: ( & Sent: Friday, September 02, 2005 10:18 AM To: ( b k b b19hJ ~ Subjea: For Michael JacksonlPatrick Rhode FW:

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Michael - Patrick : Per the email below (from today - Friday) Please note that in New Orleans is in need of assistance from FEMA. There are 600 refugees there who need evacuation/water, etc. Please let me know if you need anything else from me. Many thanks for you assistance. addressed? Thank you Tona for passing this along. Will I hear back that this was

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I am forwarding another message and request from our customer. They are desperately trying to evacuate 600 ) They can't get in contact with FEMA. (b(,)is requesting any help refugees from the hospital a t . to let the federal officials knoJ- n ed to get to the hospital to help with evacuation. rney

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If you can think of anything we can do, please let me know. Thank you,

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-----Original Message----From: ( & Sent: Friday, September 02, 2005 8:35 AM To: ( Subject: ( -

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Your Company's support has been unbelievable and greatly appreciated. You turned our whole Company

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.I need to ask one more thing. I could use ( )political clout. If your Company has any relationship with Federal officials, I need FEMA to evacuate the I [ ) . in New Orleans right now. I have a few patients left that are being evacuated now by our ambulance service but still have 600 refugees from the community that have not had food or water since Monday. They would leave by foot but between the sharks and snakes in the water surrounding the facility, and the civil disobedience that is occurring, they are afraid to leave. Rumor is that some staff members are dying from dehydration. I do this as an act of desperation since all of my resources with the federal government have been futile.

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I don't mean to put this on anyone's shoulder but any influence would be greatly appreciated.

Thanks,

(bb 1 Confidentiality Notice: This e-mail message, including any attachments, is for the sole use of the intended recipient(s) and may contain confidential and privileged information. Any unauthorized review, use, disclosure or distribution of this information is prohibited, and may be punishable by law. If this was sent to you in error, please notify the sender by reply e-mail and destroy all copies of the original message.

From: . Sent: To: Cc: Subject:

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tbb Saturday, September 03, 2005 8:03 PM Wood, John F; Martinez-fonts, Al; , ( bdba h q k ) , Broderick, Matthew (CNC); Rhode, Patrick; Stephan, Bob; ( Re: Update on Telos Hurricane Katrina Offer to the NGB
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Importance:

Thank you John. Appreciate the follow up and receptivity. f your team's direction. Good luck. You guys are doing great, btw.

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----- Original Message-----

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CC: Broderick, Matthew )Mo4b;Lh19h 1 Stephan, Bob C bb&b&h?k Sent: Sat Sep 03 11:48:56 2005 Subject: FW: Update on Telos Hurricane Katrina Offer to the NGB

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(bb ) Thank you for the generous offer of assistance. I am forwarding this to A1 Martinez-Fonts, the head of DHS' Private Sector Office, who is making sure that the private sector offers get to the right place. I am also cc'ing DHS and F E W leadership. Thanks.

From: \ b b Sent: Saturday, September 03, 2005 11:36 AM To: Wood, John F CC: Q bG 1 Subject: Update on Telos Hurricane Katrina Offer to the NGB Importance: High

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John -

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You may recall that we exchanged emails some time ago. [

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Today, I am o n e o f t h e many p e o p l e who a r e bombarding y o u r o f f i c e w i t h o f f e r s o f K a t r i n a r e l a t e d a s s i s t a n c e A p o l o g i e s f r o g o i n g t o you d i r e c t l y b u t , r a t h e r t h a n b o t h e r Sec. C h e r t o f f d i r e c t l y , I t h o u g h t i t p r u d e n t t o c o n t a c t you and p e r h a p s you c a n p o l n t me i n t h e r i g h t d i r e c t i o n . Know you a r e v e r y b u s y b u t p l e a s e j u s t t a k e a m i n u t e t o r e a d o n .
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T e l o s c o r p - who I am h e l p i n g w i t h t h i s - h a s a d e p l o y a b l e s e c u r e w i r e l e s s network t h a t t h e y want t o g i v e t o t h e f o l k s d o i n g r e l i e f work a l o n g t h e K a t r i n a i m p a c t e d a r e a s o f t h e g u l f c o a s t . I t i s a p e r f e c t , l i g h t , p o r t a b l e w i r e l e s s d e v i c e s y s t e m t h a t c a n b e u s e d by r e l i e f w o r k e r s , guardsmen, FEMA,/ e t c . . I t i s b e i n g used a t most A i r Force bases today a n d , t h e b e n e f i t o f i t h e r e i s , t h a t no c e l l t o w e r s a r e n e e d e d , i t i s d e p l o y a b l e , a n d i t i s t e s t e d and t r u e . They a r e w o r k i n g w i t h A i r N a t i o n a l Guard a n d t h e A i r F o r c e t o g e t i t i n t h e h a n d s o f key p e r s o n n e l b u t t h e y want t o b e s u r e FEMA and DHS a n d t h e N a t i o n a l Communications System a r e aware o f i t a n d t a k e a d v a n t a g e o f i t a s w e l l . Can you d i r e c t me t o t h e r i g h t p e o p l e a t DHs/FEMA/NCS who would b e i n t h e p o s i t i o n t o t a k e a d v a n t a g e of t h i s g e n e r o u s o f f e r and, p e r h a p s , e n c o u r a g e them t o f o l l o w - u p d i r e c t l y w i t h T e l o s ? The i n i t i a l c o n t a c t t h e r e would b e ( & ) and h i s e m a i l a d d r e s s i s : ( bb ) A summary o f t h e o f f e r i s i n t h e a t t a c h e d e m a i l t h r e a d . T h i s i s a company t h a t f e e l s i t c a n h e l p i f j u s t g i v e n some d i r e c t i o n .

A p p r e c i a t e your a n t i c i p a t e d a s s i s t a n c e and good l u c k .

Thanks -

----- O r i g i n a l Messaae----From: (

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S e n t : S a t u r d a y , September 3, 2 0 0 5 1 1 : l O AM To: ( bb 3 S u b j e c t : Fwd: Update on T e l o s H u r r i c a n e K a t r i n a O f f e r t o t h e NGB

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) p e r h a p s you c a n h e l p me h e l p a c l i e n t do t h e bb r i g h t t h i n g b y t h e K a t r i n a v i c t i m s . A c l i e n t o f mine, T e l o s , h a s a d e p l o y a b l e s e c u r e w i r e l e s s n e t w o r k t h a t t h e y want t o g i v e t o t h e f o l k s d o i n g r e l i e f work a l o n g t h e K a t r i n a impactged a r e a s of t h e g u l d c o a s t . I t i s a p e r f e c t , l i g h t , p o r t a b l e w i r e l e s s d e v i c e t h a t c a n b e u s e d by r e l i e f w o r k e r s , guardsmen, FEMA, e t c . . I t i s u s e d a t most A i r F o r c e b a s e s t o d a y and no c e l l t o w e r s a r e n e e d e d . They a r e w o r k i n g w i t h A i r N a t i o n a l Guard and t h e - A i r f o r c e t o g e t i t t o t h e r i g h t p e o p l e b u t ( h e r e ' s where you come i n ) t h e y want t o b e s u r e FEM?. and DHS a n d o t h e r s a r e a w a r e o f i t a n d t a k e a d v a n t a g e o f i t a s w e l l . I do n o t want t o - b o t h e r Mike d i r e c t l y w i t h e v e r y t h i n g h e h a s g o i n g on b u t I want t o c u t t h r o u g h t h e r e d t a p e . Am h o p i n g you c o u l d hook me up w i t h t h e r i g h t p e o p l e a t DHS ( M i k e ' s C h i e f o f S t a f f i s John Wood, r i g h t ? ) who would b e i n a p o s i t i o n t o s e e t o i t t h a t t h e r i g h t p e o p l e a t
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FEMA are in a position to take advantage of this generous offer and, perhaps, encourage them to follow-up with Telos? The initial contact at Telos would be ( bb ) and his email address is: ( k h ) Attached below is an email from ( '):that kind of summarizes what it at issue.
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Any help or direction here would be greatly appreciated.

Thanks -

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----- Original Message----From: \ ( bb Sent: Saturday, September 3, 2005 09:56 AM To: ( b j L ) Subject: RE: Update on Telos Hurricane Katrina Offer to the NGB

As promised, attached is brief blurb summarizing our attempts to assist in hurricane relief efforts with deployable secure wireless servers. I kept it to just the facts, no fluff, and hope it is well-received. Assuming you get this on Blackberry, I will copy document text into this e-mail as well. Let me know if you need anything more/different. Appreciate your suggestion to do this .............
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TEXT OF ATTACHED: Telos Corporation Support of Hurricane Relief Efforts with Deployable Secure Wireless Networking September 3, 2005 This week Telos Corporation offered deployable wireless server equipment and supporting personnel to the Air National Guard in their Hurricane Katrina rescue and relief efforts. The Telos secure wireless deployable solution includes all the elements of a fixed wireless LAN (WLAN) infrastructure-server, switch, routers, wired client support, wireless client support, antennas, and power-in a completely transportable package. The equipment allows users in remote or hard-to-wire locations to access databases, information, and applications just as if they were connected to a wired enterprise LAN. The system is widely used throughout the Air Force, and is being adopted in highly secure DoD environments under new DoD wireless security policies. With Telos secure wireless networking in use at the majority of US Air Force Bases, Telos employees are familiar with Air Force personnel on bases across the country. Telos is particularly concerned about the devastation at Keesler Air Force Base in Biloxi, Mississippi, which lost all of its housing, has no power to the base hospital, and continues to deal with more than half of the base under as much as five feet of water. - to the Army Guard colonel The ANG CIO referred our ( bb leading the Guard's emergency response, and his technical personnel are determining how best to use the equipment. The Air Force Crisis Action Team, Air Mobility Command, and Northern Command have also been suggested to Telos as response organizations who would be
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a i d e d b y o u r s e c u r e w i r e l e s s r e s o u r c e s , and we a r e p r e p a r i n g t o e x t e n d o u r o f f e r of p e r s o n n e l and equipment a c c o r d i n g l y .

MEMORANDUM
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To:,
\

Dr. Michael P. Jackson Deputy Secretary

From:

A Martinez-Fonts 1 Special Assistant to the Secretary (Private Sector)
September 1, 2005 Report on Private Sector ResponselContributions for Katrina

Date: Subject:

Working with its Department colleagues, the Private Sector Of'fice has been collecting information on donated funds and resources to support Katrina response and recovery efforts. Listed below are some of the notable actions and findings that have happened to date.

P Utilizing the architecture and network of HSIN-CI, the Private Sector Ofice has initiated
the National Emergency Resource Registry @ERR) allowing private sector companies and organizations to post on-line, funds, resources, equipment that can be utilized for Katrina response. The PSO has shared this system with FEMA and is working to make sure that posted items are integrated with FEMA's response efforts. To date, over a 1,500 postings have been made with an estimated value of over $100M. (See Attachment)

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The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) reached out to its membership and was able to raise conservatively up to $30 million in cash and equipment in 30 hours. Some of the items/services pledged include some of the following: o Goodyear has offered the use of one its blimps for site surveys o ExxonMobil is donating $2 million to the American Red Cross Disaster Relief Fund to assist relief efforts arising from Hurricane Katrina. In addition to the financial support, ExxonMobil is providing in-kind hels and lubricants to government emergency responders. ExxonMobil will also provide hels and lubricants to government agency responders. o The National Vacuum Corporation, an emergency response and industrial cleaning company has offered its services. They have Guzzler V e u m trucks, Decontamination Equipment, Combo Vacuum and Jetter trucks. The company is fully certified, have a level 1 tech response certification, confinement certified and HAZWoper certified. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey has offered the use of its people, equipment and other resources to aid the recovery of the Port of New Orleans, as well as the surrounding region. Port officials want to return the support to these communities that offered its support to them during 911 1.
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G Acxiom Inc. has offered to provide information to FEMA from the Acxiom data bases, at
cost (no-profit), to help identify residents in the hurricane-affected areas. By way of

background, Acxiom's database and their analysis tools are used by the US Postal Service as well as the Social Security administration to help keep their address information up to date and as accurate as possible. Wal-Mart has contributed $1 million in cash to the Salvation Army to help with activities such as providing 400,000 meals per day and portable showers, and another $4 million in cash to the American Red Cross to run their shelters and provide relief. They are also donating truckloads of supplies such as water and ice to the emergency services in these areas. The Home Depot's CEO Bob Nardelli called the PSO and offered 'any assistance the Department needs." The PSO advised them to hold off until requirements were better defined and we (the Department) could come back to them.

k The Business Roundtable (BRT) has requested the Secretary (or Deputy Secretary)
participate in a conference call with BRT members (top 160 companies in America) on Wednesday, September 71h at IOAM. Commerce Secretary Gutierrez will be on the call to get a feel for the economic situation in the US. 'r; b5 . )

k AOL has offered self-contained mobile communication centers; a couple mini-vans,
several cargo vans and one tractor trailer. They are all equipped with laptops and/or workstations, satellite connectivity (for Internet and television broadcasts), and generatprs. Given the desperate need for communications throughout the region, they will provide Internet access at-large and at no-cost as a benefit to various response organizations (i.e., FEMA, local law enforcement, etc.) as well as to those directly affected by the hurricane by offering them a chance to communicate with family and friends, find area/regional resources, etc. This would not be an AOL-specific offer, but rather instead, would simply offer high-speed Internet access at-large, to anyone. They are ready to deploy these vehicles at a moment's notice. UPS is still assessing their capabilities in the affected areas, but noted they have historically been able to lend in-kind transportation assistance in the aftermath of disasters They would like to do this post-Katrina, too, and want to discus-any ways they can lend assistance.
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GE is tapping into its many sectors and has offered transportation resources, including vans, trucks, refrigerated flatbeds and tractors, modular space capabilities, water and process technologies, mobile medical capabilities, and a variety of other emergency response resources

k Cendant Corporation has offered rental cars and hotel and timeshare space.
O Navistar has offered logistical staging areas and transportation vehicles

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Citigroup has given financial donations to the Red Cross and has offered to help in any other way possible. Sea Tow has offered a number of shallow water boats, cranes and personnel to assist in rescue and recovery efforts. Flowserve, the largest pump manufacturer in the US has offered up to 200 service people to repairlreplace the existing pumps in New Orleans.
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k Carson Helicopters has contacted the Private Sector Office to offer five heavy lift
helicopters and two fixed-wing aircrafts to be used for rescuing people, moving downed trees, transporting supplies, etc. The heavy lift helicopters have grapples and can carry between 8,000 and 10,000 pounds - some are also amphibious. The Vicksburg, Mississippi Army Core of Engineers wants these vehicles, but cannot find a contracting mechanism to get Carson's helicopters - can we help? Carson's aircrafts are under Federal contract with the Department of Agriculture's Forest Service and so they are parked on the West Coast in anticipation of the fire season. It will take 10 to 15 hours of flying time to transport the aircrafts from the West Coast to the affected areas.

CC. John Wood Matt Mayer Scott Weber

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Chertoff may get bulk of blame for faulty response (Balt. Sun) Homeland security chief has responsibility over much-maligned FEMA By Siobhan Gorman Sun National Staff

September 3, 2005 WASHINGTON - Michael Chertoff, a tough-talking ex-prosecutor, drew general13gh marks after he took over as head of the struggling Department of Homeland Security earlier this year.
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But now, as he confronts a natural disaster for the first time, Chertofl's reputation may be about to get a sharp downgrade. By most accounts, the federal response to Hurricane Katrina has been somewhere between clueless, as the mayor of New Orleans termed it, and "not acceptable," as President Bush said yesterday. When Bush toured the storm-ravaged Gulf Coast, Chertoff was at his side. And Chertoff will be the public face of the administration this weekend, with appearances scheduled on all the networks' Sunday talk shows. Criticism of the government's handling of the storm's aftermath has centered, to a large degree, on the Federal Emergency Management Agency, long responsible for helping Americans cope with natural

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disaster. But that criticism lags, to a certain extent, behind the post-9/1 1 reality of how the government is supposed to work. yes;erday, for example, Democratic Sen. Mary L. Landrieu of Louisiana, who joined Bush for a portion of his iour, released a statement calling on the president to appoint "a Cabinet-level official to direct the national response to this tragedy." There already is such an official: Chertoff, whose department now includes FEMA - no longer an independent agency - and thus has overall responsibility for managing the federal government's disaster response. The senator's statement was, in effect, a vote of no confidence in Chertoff s performance. It may not be the last. Members of both major parties, from Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist on down, are already calling for investigations into what Republican Sen. Susan M. Collins of Maine and Democratic Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman of Connecticut describe as "the lack of preparedness and inadequate response to this terrible storm." Collins and Lieberman announced the first of what will likely be multiple congressional probes. Chertoff shares Bush's dissatisfaction with the results of the government's response, said Russ Knocke, his spokesman. "No one is satisfied," Knocke said. Michael Lindell, of Texas A&M University's Hazard Reduction and Recovery Center, said that Chertoff doesn't deserve a "passing grade" for his work over the past week. Like other emergency management specialists, Lindell said the federal government had failed to make adequate plans for a natural disaster forecast days in advance. Preparing for catastrophes, both man-made and natural, is why the Homeland Security Department was created, as part of Washington's response to the 911 1 attacks. Chertoff, 51, gave up a lifetime appointment as a federal appellate judge to head the struggling departrrient in February, calling the campaign against terrorism "the greatest challenge of our generation." The New Jersey native was running the Justice Department's criminal division onS%pt. 11, 2001. He lost close friends in the attacks, a factor, he has said, that added motivation to his work in crafting the government's aggressive pursuit of terrorists and terrorist suspects. , But his law enforcement background did not prepare him for Katrina, said David Godschalk, an urban planing professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill who specializes in disaster mi tigation. "He doesn't have the emergency management experience," Godschalk said. Former Sept. 11 commission member Tim Roemer also questioned Chertoff s qualifications for dealing with the consequeqces of a catastrophic storm. "Certainly the Department of Homeland Security has gotten good grades for the response and reorganization in the last few m,onths under Secretary Chertoff," Roemer said. "But planning and
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strategy is very different from reacting and implementing a plan to 'save people." Knocke, the spokesman, said Chertoff s post-911 1 experience at the Justice Department prepared him for his current responsibilities. But that experience is inadequate, said one 20-year employee of FEMA, who spoke i n the condition of anonymity for fear of losing his job. The FEMA employee blamed the slow federal response on the inexperience of Chertoff and his top advisers. He said the first thing Chertoff should have done was establish FEMA liaison officers for each state, and a local leader to closely monitor and respond to their needs. When the complaints began about the lack of food and water in New Orleans, Chertoff should have ensured that every bus that arrived in the city to rescue residents also canied supplies for the thousands of people who would have to wait hours or days for transportation. Those practices had been standard at the agency, said the employee, who added: "We have been sitting here for three days, and we have been so frustrated. Some of us are just in tears." Knocke said that a renewed federal mobilization is under way, and "the American public is going to be extremely proud" of that effort.
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Leader of Federal Effort Feels the Heat (NYT)

By ERIC LIPTON and SCOTT SIWNE
W A S r n G T O N , Sept. 2 - On Thursday night, Michael D. Brown, the federal government's point man for managing the response to Humcane Katrina, made a remarkable confession on live television. Speaking of the thousands stranded at the convention center in New Orleans without food or water, Mr. Brown said that his agency, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, had just learned of their plight. CNN's Paula Zahn was incredulous. "Sir," she said, "you aren't just telling me you just learned that the folks at the convention center didn't have food and water until today, are you? You had no idea they were completely cut off?" F

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"Paula," Mr. Brown replied unequivocally, "the federal government did not even know about the convention center people until today. " The comment symbolized what some have described as a deeply flawed federal response. President Bush praised Mr. Brown's performance on Friday, but Mr. Brown's remarks prompted Representative the Bennie Thompson of Mississi~pi, ranking Democrat on the House Committee on Homeland Security, to call on President Bush to fire Mr. Brown or Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff. "That was just a boneheaded statement from someone who should be in charge of this situation," Mr. Thompson said. "The president will have to change the leadership so that a response this bad will never, never happen again for the American people." Mr Brown, 50, is a Republican lawyer who worked for the International Arabian Horse Association

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who were abandoned by the United States government," he said. Black leaders complained that federal officials knew the hurricane was coming and that New Orleans, which is predominately black, was vulnerable to flooding. Still, they didn't do enough to prepafie and haven't done enough to help survivors. Calls for evacuating mean little to many who don't have a car or the means to get out of the city, let alone pay for shelter elsewhere, they said. More than one-third in the city live in poverty. They said many residents went to the Superdome as instructed but are still suffering. Pedro Noguera, an urban sociologist at New York University, said the calamity in New Orleans is especially felt by those a t the lowest rung of the economic ladder. "New Orleans is one of the poorest cities in the country. Large numbers of people have been living on the margins for a long time," he said. Rep. Bennie Thompson of Mississippi, ranking Democrat on the Homeland Security Committee, said he and others are pushing federal officials to consider using military bases to house victims. "I don't think this response can jhst be handled by FEMA and local units of government," he said.
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Beyond the government,'black lawmakers and groups are calling for private industry and citizens to help. "Where are the hotels of America? Where is the Hyatt?" said Jackson. "Where are the airlines we bailed out after 9/11?"

Flights bring supplies, aid evacuation of refugees

The Associated Press September 3, 2005 What's happening: The nation's airlines have been putting aside their own financial troubles, which will be exacerbated by fuel costs and shortages, to fly in supplies and bring out refugees from devastated areas. Why: The Air Transport Association, a trade group for the major carriers, organized efforts by several carriers to conduct their own mercy flights. Elk Grove Village-based United Airlinesflew 24,000 pounds of food and water and 30 medical technicians from Chicago to New Orleans and returned with s 104 evacuees. Relief f l i ~ h t arrived at a rate of about four per hour Friday. It doesn't expect to resume commercial service, which used to include 14 flights a day, until Monday afternoon. The effort comes amid surging fuel costs. Daily jet fuel production nationwide has been cut 13 percent because of damage from the hurricane to Gulf Coast refineries, according to Jack Evans of the Air Transport Association. "What it means is there is less fuel essentially," Evans said. "Carriers are having to take measures to conserve he1 at airports where they are low and tanker in he1 when serving some destinations on the East Coast. " Before the storm. The flight cancellations and fuel problems come at a time when the major airlines are in bankruptcy, like United, or flirting with it, like Delta and Northwest.

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What it will mean: Evans said FEMA agreed to reimburse the airlines for jet fuel used in the airlift, ''but other than that, the airlines are doing this on a volunteer basis. The crews on board are all volunteers." "I think all of the airlines will feel this," said airline expert Terry Trippler, who runs a travel Web site, CheapSeats.com. "It's a little more than a blip, but New Orleans and Gulfport alone is not going to put Delta into bankruptcy," Trippler said. "I think $70-a-barrel-oil is the straw that would break the camel's back."

Houston Struggles to Keep Up With a Surge of Evacuees Estimated at 200,000 (NYT) By JOHN M. BRODER and DEAN E. MURPHY
HOUSTON, Sept. 2 - Struggling to absorb the leading edge of a mass exodus, Texas officials on Friday threw open the doors to large exhibition halls and other shelters throughout the day and pleaded for public donations of food, clothing and money. An estimated 200,000 people were in Houston alone, taking up most of the hotel rooms in the United States' fourth-largest city and forcing Houston to begin canceling conventions. The Astrodome filled up less than 24 hours after it accepted the first evacuees. Though officials hoped to hold 23,000 people there, they discovered it could accommodate only 15,000 once all the cots, medical aid stations and food and clothing tables were set up. Many people ended up sleeping across stadium seats or on bare concrete floors. "It is an immense task," Gov. Rick Perry said Friday afternoon at the nearby Reliant Center as it was being set up to take 8,000 people. "This is just the beginning of what will be many months."

Mr. Perry said he was counting on federal help to defray much of the cost. But, he added, "we're going to do what we need to do."
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With close to 400,000 people forced out of New Orleans and many others driven from Mississippi and Alabama, the mass relocation of Americans appeared to be the largest since the Civil War. It surpasses the exodus after Hurricane Andrew, which temporarily pushed an estimated 353,00TPeople from their homes in South Florida, according to a University of Florida study. At least 12 states were offering to take in refugees, some even providing transportation, and some cities also said they would provide shelter. Aside from Texas, the states of Arkansas, Tennessee, Georsia and Florida were dealing with the largest numbers, as tens of thousands crowded into R.V. parks, churches, summer camps and Salvation Army shelters. Some were welcomed as permanent transplants: "We are treating this as a situation where many of these people will become Georgians," said John Watson, the chief of staff to Gov. Sonny Perdue. "They will want and need to assimilate." The American Red Cross said it was housing 94,100 people in shelters in nine states
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events, including a large annual Latino festival known as Fiestas ~ i t r i a this weekend. s He-$aidthe city was trying to negotiate with organizations whose conventions might be cancelled, but said the welfare of the refugees was paramount.
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"Let them sue us and explain to the American people why money is more important than lives," he said. Along the chain-link periphery of the stadium complex, private citizens and church vans pulled up and handed out food, used clothing, toys and toiletries to storm victims. In the parking lot of the Astrodome early Friday morning, a man opened his trunk and handed out Capri Sun juice pouches, feminine napkins, potato chips and old clothing. "This is way better than New Orleans," said David Rayford, 39, who arrived at the Astrodome parking lot early Friday morning after an all-night bus ride from the squalid Superdome, where he had spent five days. Another man who made the dome-to-dome trek, Barry Mason, 54, spent the night in a seat on what would have been the 40-yard-line if football were still played there. At least the refugees housed in the Astrodome had hot meals, showers and some working toilets, although the plumbing in the derelict arena quickly showed signs of strain. Scores of medical volunteers tried to screen arrivals and tend to the ill and the lame inside the facilities. Dr. Kenneth L. Mattox, chief of staff of the Harris County Hospital District, said doctors had seen 3,000 patients by midday and had transported several dozen to hospitals. He said that two refugees had died in the past 24 hours, both elderly, one with cancer and the other with a heart condition. Mayor White acknowledged that the city was straining under the burden of caring for the tens of thousands of refugees. "There was no emergency plan for the destruction of one of America's largest cities directly to our east," the mayor said. "If someone had forecast the destruction of New Orleans, I'd like to join your church." John M. Broder reported from Houston for this article, and Dean E. Murphy from San Francisco. Reporting was contributed by Brenda Goodman in Atlanta, Laura Griffin in Dallas, Nathan Levy in San Antonio, Shadi Rahimi in New York and Sarah Kershaw in Seattle.
Disaster plan not executed (CHI Tribune)

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By Frank James and Andrew Martin Washington Bureau September 2;2005, 10:07 PM CDT WASHINGTON -- Government disaster officials had an action plan if a major hurricane hit New Orleans. They simply didn't execute it when Hurricane Katrina struck. Thirteen months before Katrina hit New Orleans, local, state and federal officials held a simulated hurricane drill that Ronald Castleman, then the regional director for the Federal Emergency Management Agency, called "a very good exercise." More than a million residents were "evacuated" in the table-top scenario as 120-mile-an-hour winds and 20 inches of rain caused widespread flooding that supposedly trapped 300,000 people in the city.

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"It was very much an eye-opener," said Castleman, a Republican appointee of President Bush who left FE@ in December for the private sector. "A number of things were identified that we had to deal with, not all of them were solved."
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Still, Castleman found it hard to square the lessons he and others learned from the exercise with the frustratingly slow response to the disaster that has unfolded in the wake of Katrina. From the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans to the Mississippi and Alabama communities along the Gulf Coast, hurricane survivors have decried the lack of water, food or security and the slowness of the federal relief efforts. "It's hard for everyone to understand why buttons weren't pushed earlier on," Castleman said of the federal response. As the first National Guard truck caravans of water and food arrived in New Orleans Friday, former FEMA officials and other disaster experts were at a loss to explain why the federal government's lead agency for responding to major emergencies had failed to meet the urgent needs of hundreds of thousands of Americans in the most dire of circumstances in a more timely fashion. But many suspected that FEMA's apparent problems in getting life-sustaining supplies to survivors and buses to evacuate them from New Orleans, delays even President Bush called "not acceptable," stemmed partly from changes at the agency during the Bush years. Experts have long warned that the moves would weaken the agency's ability to effectively respond to natural disasters. FEMA's chief has been demoted from a near-Cabinet-level position; political appointees with little, if any, emergency-management experience have been placed in senior FEMA positions; and the small, 2,500-person agency was dropped into the midst of the180,OOO-employee Homeland Security Department that is more oriented to combating terrorism than natural disasters. All this has led to a brain . drain as experienced but demoralized employees have left the agency, former and current FEMA staff members say. The result is that an agency that got high marks during much of the 1990s for its effectiveness is being harshly criticized for apparently mismanaging the response to the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. The growing anger and frustration at FEMA's response sparked the Republican-controlled Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee to announce Friday that it has scheduled a hearing for Wednesday to try to uncover what went wrong.
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Meanwhile, Sen. Mary Landrieu (D-La.) called on President Bush to immediately appoint a Cabinetlevel official to direct the national response. "There was a time when FEMA understood that the correct approach to a crisis was to deploy to the affected area as many resources as possible as fast as possible," Landrieu said. "Unfortunately, that no longer seems to be their approach." John Copenhaver, a former FEMA regional director duringthe Clinton administration who led the response to Hurricane Floyd in 1999, said he was bewildered by the slow FEMA response. It had been standard practice for FEMA to position supplies ahead of time, and the agency did preposition drinking water and tarps to cover damaged roofs near where they would be needed. In addition, FEMA has coordirlated its plans with state and local officials and let the Defense Department know

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beforehand what type of military assistance would be needed.

"I'm a little confused as to why it took so long to get the military presence running convoys into downtown New Orleans," Copenhaver said.
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And there isn't an experienced disaster-response expertiat the top of the agency as there was when James Lee Witt ran the agency during the 1990s. Before Michael Brown, the current head, joined the agency as its legal counsel, he headed the International Arabian Horse Association. That loss of experienced personnel might explain in part why FEMA wasn't able to secure buses sooner for the mass evacuation of New Orleans, a step anticipated by the hurricane disaster simulation conducted by federal, state and local emergency officials last year. Peter Pantuso, president and chief executive of the American Bus Association, said, "I have a hard time believing there is any game plan in place when it comes to coordinating or pulling together this volume of business," referring to FEMA's effort to obtain hundreds of buses to move tens of thousands of evacuees from New Orleans. "And what happens in two or three weeks down the road when all of these people are moved again?" When FEMA became part of the Homeland Security Department, it was stripped of some of its functions, such as some of its ability to make preparedness grants to states, former officials said. Those functions were placed elsewhere in the larger agency. "After Sept. 11 they got so focused on terrorism they effectively marginalized the capability of FEMA.. .," said George Haddow, a former FEMA official during the Clinton administration. "It's no surprise that they're not capable of managing the federal government's response to this lund of disaster." Pleasant Mann, former head of the union for FEMA employees, who has been with the agency since 1988, said a change made by agency higher-ups last year added a bureaucratic layer that likely delayed FEMA's response to Katrina. Before the change, a FEMA employee on site at a disaster could request that an experienced employee he knew had the right skills be dispatched to help him. But now that requested worker is first made to travel to a location hundreds of miles from the disaster site to be "processed," placed in a pool from which he is dispatched, sometimes to a place different from where he thought he was headed. Pleasant said he knew of a case where a worker from Washington State was made-*31rst travel to Orlando before he could go to Louisiana, losing at least a day. What's more, that worker was told he might be sent to Alabama, not Louisiana, after all. FEMA takes brunt of hurricane relief criticism
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BY MICHELLE MITTELSTADT The Dallas Morning News WASHINGTON - (KRT) - Horrified by TV images that depict appalling conditions persisting in New Orleans day after harrowing day, Americans are attacking the federal government for the slowness of its response to Hurricane Katr~na. And no agency is soming under more scrutiny than the Federal Emergency Management Agency which was designated lead coordinator for the federal disaster response to Katrina two days before the storm hit shore. "I'm ashamed of America. I'm ashamed of our government," said Rep. Carolyn Kilpatrick, D-Mich. "I'm

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outraged by the lack of response by our federal government." Though disaster planners have long ranked a direct hurricane strike on New Orleans as one of the top three catastrophic scenarios facing the United States, authorities have lagged badly in evacuating the sick and vulnerable, passing out food and water, deploying military assets and quelling rampant lawlessness. And while the Superdome has long factored in disaster preparedness plans as the city's main hurricane refuge, no supplies were stocked there before the storm hit Monday. Dr. Michael Lindell, a senior scholar at Texas A&M1sHazard Reduction and Recovery Center, said he cannot comprehend why federal officials had not deployed equipment and relief supplies before Katrina struck - or mobilized to relieve clearly outflanked state and local resources. "If it's a Category 5 hurricane, then frankly it doesn't take an Einstein to figure out that it's going to ovenvhelm local capacity and that they are going to be in a world of hurt," he said, referring to the storm that fell to Category 4 by the time it hit shore. "You don't have to wait until there are bodies floating around in the water to start activating the National Guard." Many disaster relief specialists blame FEMA's stumble on its diminished standing within the government and a relentless focus on terrorism prevention by the agency's new overseers. In a post-Sept. 11 reorganization, FEMA joined 21 other agencies in a new Homeland Security Department, stripped of the Cabinet rank that had allowed it to report directly to the president. And, in a further department shuffle in July, FEMA lost its historic mission of working with state and local governments on preparedness plans before disaster strikes. I "It was a very powerful organization, with very, very seasoned people - and then 911 1 came," said Bob Freitag, who spent 25 years at FEMA, rising to federal coordinating officer. Freitag, who now teaches at the University of Washington, and other emergency management officials. contend that with terrorism prevention identified as the top Homeland Security mission, natural disaster preparedness slipped in attention and resources. Former FEMA Director James Lee Witt urged Congress last year to restore the agency's independence, saying he was "extremely concerned that the ability of our nation to prepare for and to respond to disasters has been sharply eroded." Homeland Security "has taken away people, has taken away money, has taken away power and authority," Freitag said. The agency, which doled out hundreds of millions of dollars in preparedness grants to state and local responders, has lost that function to Homeland Security's Office of Domestic Preparedness. The Bush administration also canceled other FEMA programs, including a Clinton administration-era disaster mitigation effort known as Project Impact. The upheavals haven't come without cost, some say. was "I just don't get W ~ ~ ' F E M A not left alone," said Robert Wheelersburg, a retired Army Reserve major who spent five years assigned to FEMA's regional headquarters in Philadelphia. "There were a lot of resignations and retirements within FEMA because it really was demoralizing t m y 'Hey, you guys are a second-tier agency."' Homeland Security and FEMA officials sought Friday to quell the P.R. storm, citing the vast scope of the damage and unprecedented difficulties caused by major flooding, infrastructure damage, communications breakdowns and criminal activity. "We mobilized as never before in the federal family," said Patrick Rhode, FEMA's deputy director. Congressional committees vowed to probe FEMA's response. Watching the New Orleans devastation, Freitag, who worked 50 disasters, said FEMA is not performing anywhere near the caliber of past disasters. James Carafano, a homeland security expert at the conservative Heritage Foundation, dis,agreed, saying it is "beyond the ridiculous" to think that FENM has been weakened since losing its independence. "This is the single largest national disaster the U.S. has had in memory," he said. "Define for me what a good response looks like." Still, President Bush admitted before he set off Friday on a tour of the devastated Gulf Coast that "the results are not acceptable."

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Joe Myers, former head of emergency management for North ~ a r o i i n a later Florida, said state and and local authorities must shoulder blame, too. , "I think FEMA is getting pretty much of a bum deal," he said of the criticism lobbed at the federal responders by New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin, Louisiana emergency management officials and others. F E M A ; " ~ ~ to support local response and state response," he said. there Red Cross Trains Citizens for Storm Relief By NOREEN GILLESPIE The Associated Press Saturday, September 3,2005; 4: 18 AM FARMINGTON, Conn. -- In a room filled with nurses, emergency medical technicians, firefighters, veterans, retirees and recent graduates, Jason Timber has a compelling reason for wanting to volunteer with the Red Cross to help hurricane victims. His 5-year-old daughter, Destiny, may be one of them. Since Hurricane Katrina devastated the Gulf Coast, Timber has sought information about his daughter, who was living in Mississippi with her grandmother. Finally, he called a toll-free number to volunteer, with the goal of being deployed and finding his daughter. "Hopefully," he says "Or someone who might know where they're at." Red Cross chapters nationwide are recruiting and training thousands of citizen volunteers. They're learning everything from CPR and first aid to how to distribute food and operate shelters In Connecticut, Red Cross workers said they can't keep up with the numbers wanting to volunteer. The Charter Oak Chapter, the state's largest, received more than 4,000 hurricane-related calls. All of its training sessions are full. In Massachusetts, the Boston chapter will train 75 people Saturday. In Iowa, officials were planning to train 50 to 75 people in a weekend session. "We may have to rent a hall,'' said Linnea Anderson, a spokeswoman for the American Red Cross chapter in central Maryland, which has received more than 250 calls to volunteer. In York, Pa., Mark Royce was so touched by television news accounts of Katrina's victims that he considered loading his pickup truck with water and driving to Louisiana. At his wife's suggestion, he instead signed up for a Red Cross class. He hopes to leave his advertising business and family to help on the Gulf Coast. "It just broke my heart watching these people, refugees in my own country," said Royce. "It's tough to take three weeks off for a vacation, let alone something like this. But I've got good people working for me." While officials like disaster response volunteers to get some on-the-ground training at local floods and fires first, Katrina won't allow for that. The Red Cross plans to mobilize 9,000 volunteers for minimum two-week deployments to states affected by the hurricane in the coming weeks. They'll staff shelters and help get food and water to victims. While television images of houses submerged in roof-high waters, crowded sheltemnd hungry children may compel people to volunteer, veteran relief workers are also trying to figure out who is best for the job. Seasoned workers warn that the job takes an emotional toll. Volunteers need to be ready to deploy with 24 hours notice. Those being trained now could leave as early as next week. Once they're called, they can bring a backpack or duffel bag packed with essentials such as flashlights and a sleeping bag. They will likely sleep on the floor of shelters with victims There will be limited food and water, heat and humidity, no electricity and often, poor communication systems. Before leaving, volunteers must go through a background check, be certified by a doctor as being in good health. Tetanus and Hepatitis A shots are recommended. hllost who came to be trained - particularly those with medical or emergency backgrounds -were undeterred Joyce Ghent, a retired hospital nurse, said her background also prepared her for another requirement: the ability to lift 50 pounds "That's nothing I lift 250-pound men," the petite nurse said

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Giving so far: $219 million (Bloomberg)

September 3,2005 DON00903 Americans are responding to Hurricane Katrina with a massive outpouring of giving, at times overwhelming call centers and computer servers set up by charities to field donations. Total donations passed the $200 million mark by Friday, four days after the storm slammed into the Gulf Coast. The bulk of those funds were collected by the American Red Cross, which said it has raised $196.9 million from individuals and corporations. The calls -- about 100,000 a day this week -- has vastly outpaced the response after previous disasters, suggesting that the donation total could rise substantially. "It's greater than any response we've had in memory," Red Cross spokesman Ryland Dodge said. In a tally including the Red Cross figure, the Chronicle of Philanthropy said Friday that total aid for Katrina has reached $219 million. By way of comparison, the publication noted that Americans donated $239 million in the 10 days following the 911 1 attacks and $30 million in the three days following the tsunami. But all the groups said their efforts were limited in important ways. "We are not in New Orleans," the Red Cross' Dodge said. The federal Department of "Homeland Security has basically told us they don't want us, our Red Cross folks, in New Orleans because our presence would keep people from evacuating." A spokesman for the federal agency said Friday that there is not an absolute policy barring relief groups from the entire city but that its own efforts were taking precedence there. "There may well be situations where it merits the Red Cross holding back while our personnel go in first," Russ Icnocke said. "But our priority is meeting the immediate life-saving and life-sustaining needs of those who've gone through a nightmare."
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Businesses Donating in Great Numbers

By Lisa Girion Times Staff Writer September 3, 2005 Corporate America has opened its wallet to help Hurricane Katrina victims, d o n a t a cash, satellite radios and even massages, in what experts said could be a historic outpouring of aid: Large companies led the giving. Wal-Mart Stores Inc. boosted its contribution Friday to $17 million. General Electric Co. pledged at least $6 million in cash and $10 million in medical devices. UnitedHealth Group Inc., which set aside $10 million for hurricane victims, sent one of its first checks to Houston after the mayor's office asked it to underwrite transportation of refugees. Contributions came from a broad range of companies. Toyota Motor Corp. and its subsidiaries were among the biggest givers with a combined donation of $5 million. Oil companies, including Occidental Petroleum Corp. in Westwood, pumped in millions in cash, equipment and supplies. Entertainment giant - Walt Disney Co. aild biotech firm Amgen Inc, each gave $2 5 million, and healthcare provider Kaiser Permanente pledged $2 million, leading a long list of California-based corporate benefactors.

Charity experts said corporations were moving faster than in earlief disasters and, together with individuals and foundations, were setting a pace that could top the estimated $1 billion that flowed in in the wake of the 2001 terrorist attacks.

Estimates of the overall amount donatbd so far this week vary widely. The Chronicle of Philanthropy put the tab Friday night at $287 million. By comparison, it said, Americans gave $239 million in the 10 days after the Sept. 11 attacks, and relief groups raised $30 million within three days of last year's tsunami. "At this point, the best estimates are we've raised around $400 million, including individuals, corporations and foundations, and that's before the concerts and organized drives," said Trent Stamp, executive director of Charity Navigator, a New Jersey-based watchdog. "If you reached for your checkbook in September of 2001, I certainly expect you will reach for your checkbook in September 2005." Unlike previous disasters, experts said, the vast majority of donations have been directed to one group, the American Red Cross. The Washington-based nonprofit relief agency said it had received nearly $197 million, an increase of more than $125 million since Wednesday. Red Cross was benefiting from multimillion-dollar donations from big companies, iricluding $3 million from San Ramon, Calif -based Chevron Corp. Beyond cash, companies found other ways, from the vital to the offbeat, to help. Cisco Systems Inc., SBC Communications Inc., Yahoo Inc. and other high-tech and telecommunications firms sent equipment and experts to set up telephone and Internet service in the disaster zone for rescue and relief workers as well as refugees.

El Segundo-based DirecTV Group Inc. launched the Hurricane Katrina Information channel, which beams road closures, shelter locations and other information 24 hours a day on Channel 100. It also allows viewers to send text messages, which are scrolled across the bottom of the television screen, to family and friends separated by the hurricane and its aftermath.
A Bellevue, Wash.-based Internet search engine said it would conduct free criminal background checks for people offering to open their homes and for the refugees they would take in. Intelius Inc. said it was working with a matching service, Homes for Katrina, to conduct authorized criminal searches "to keep the process safe from criminals, sex offenders, etc ," said Intelius spokesman Ashley Wolfe.

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Banks and finance companies said they would allow customers to skip mortgage payments for three months without incurring late fees. Some credit card and auto finance companies were extending similar courtesies to borrowers affected by the hurricane. As director of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce's Center for Corporate Citizenship, Stephen Jordan spent the last couple of days cataloging offers of free goods and services, including water pumps, job placement services and hotel rooms for fundraisers. "It really runs the spectrum," Jordan said. "It is from A to 2.''

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wasliingtonpost.com A Time for Action, Not Outrage

From: Montgomery, Kathleen [/O=DHS ORG/OU=FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE

GROUP/CN=RECIPIENTS/CN=KATHLEEN.MYNSTER]
Sent: Monday, September 05,2005 12:OOPM To: 6 bb a. Icah;qh Subject: Hurricane Katrina Update - ESF 15 External Affairs
Attached is the Department of Homeland Security's Hurricane Katrina External Affairs Update, which is a daily compendium of updated facts regarding the Federal efforts waged in response to the catastrophic effects caused by the hurricane in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida. The Hurricane Katrina External Affairs Update provides information on key actions by responding agencies, key statistics, key messages, and talking points. 'This Update is produced by DHS Public Affairs at (202) 282-8010 and is not for release to the public.

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Emergency Support Function 15 - External Affairs
September 5, 2005

HURRICANE KATRINA

The Department of Homeland Security's Hurricane Katrina External Affairs Update is a daily compendium of updated facts regarding the Federal efforts waged in response to the catastrophic effects caused by the hurricane in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida The Hurricane Katrina External Affairs Update provides information on key actions by responding agencies, key statistics, key messages, and talking points. This Update is produced by DHS Public Affairs at (202) 282-8010 and not for release to the public.

and life sustaining missions by providing ongoing search and rescue, water, food, and medicine, while also taking appropriate actions to prevent exposure, crime and disease. Evacuations from the New Orleans' Superdome and Convention Center are complete. Additional persons found by search and rescue teams will be evacuated as they are found.

Ensure Security and Order to Impacted Areas. Maintaining law and order is a priority to assist recovery and evacuation efforts and deliver relief in a timely and effective manner. There are 51,361 military personnel committed to the effort including more than 38,000 National Guard troops, 4,000 Coast Guard and more than 550 additional law enforcement in Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi. Sustain Medical Assistance and Supplies. In coordination with HHS, mass care is being provided to disaster victims at shelters and medical units across the Gulf Region. All priority hospitals have been evacuated in New Orleans; three hospitals are still fully hnctioning and receiving ongoing supplies and assistance from HHS. The federal government is also distributing vital medications and supplies, tetanus vaccine, and maintenance medications for chronic diseases like diabetes, heart disease, anxiety and other conditions.

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More than 61,000 response, rescue, recovery and law enforcement personnel are working around the clock to bring critical aid and support to the areas. There are 155,397 people from Louisiana who have been evacuated and are safely housed in shelters. In Louisiana, 48,857 people are temporarily housed in 159 shelters. An additional 109,540 people are located in out-of-state shelters. U.S. Coast Guard has saved over 22,800 lives in the past one week, more than 4 times the number of lives saved in all of 2004. 15 million liters of water and 8.5 million MREs distributed by FEMA. HHS has shipped and is distributing nearly 100 tons of vital medications and supplies.

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HURRICANE KATRINA
Emergency Support Function 15 - External Affairs

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FEMA Director Brown holds morning media briefing. THE PRESIDENT participates in TBD Event in Baton Rouge, La.
1:40 pm (CDT)

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1 4: 15 pm (CDT)

THE PRESIDENT participates in meeting with Mississippi state and local officials on hurricane relief efforts in Poplar, Mississippi
Secretary Chertoff holds brief media availability in Gulfport, Miss.

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"So what I'm focused on now and what I want my department'- in fact, what the president has ordered all of us to be focused on now is what the president has ordered all of us to do in the next hours, in the next days, in the next weeks and in the next months to make sure that we are doing evervthing possible to give these people supper and to make their lives easier. We will have time to go back and do an after-action report, but the time right now is to look at what the enormous tasks ahead are." (Secretary Chertoff, NBC "Meet the Press," September 4, 2005) "Everything hasn't been perfect here, by any stretch of the imagination. But the federal government has been sood partners to us. Thev've tried hard." (Governor Haley Barbour, NBC "Meet the Press," September 4, 2005)
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"Nagin, who had been publicly enraged a day before by the pace of relief work, said Saturday that he believed 'significant progress' has been made in the public works efforts, including levee repairs." ("Superdome Nearly Empty; Thousands Still Stranded, I I:54 A2M, September 5, 2005) "But he [Secretary Chertoffl promised the U.S. would 'move heaven and earth' to rescue victims of Hurricane Katrina, which he called 'probably the worst catastrophe or set of catastrophes' in U.S. history." ("Superdome Nearly Empty; Thousands Still Stranded, 11:54 AM, September 5, 2005) "In Washington, Transportation Secretary Norman Mineta announced that more than 10,000 ueoule have been flown out of New Orleans in what he called the largest airlift in history on U.S. soil. He said the flights would continue as long as needed." ("Searches Intensify In New Orleans As Concern Over Death Toll Grows," Wall Street Jozrrnal, September 5, 2005) "At two of the city's damaged levees, engineers continued making repairs that would allow pumps to begin draining the floodwaters. 'The water is receding, now. We just have a long ways to go,' Mike Rogers, a disaster relief coordinator with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, said Sunday." ("New Orleans Begins Counting Its Dead," Associated Press, September 5, 2005) "David Vitter, the Republican senator for Louisiana, who last week criticized the 'failure' of the federal response, said the corner had been turned. The thousands of troops deploved to the area in recent days has made an 'enormous difference."' ("Bush Sends Top Aides to Katrina Crisis Zone, Financial Times, September 5, 2005) "Dan Packer, president and CEO of Entergy New Orleans, said Sunday afternoon that he expected to bring lights to at least parts of downtown by'night. 'I feel confident that a part of the central business

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HURRICANE KATRINA
September 5, 2005

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Emergency Support Function 15 - External Affdirs

district will be lit up tonight and the rest of tomorrow,' he said. 'As the city drains, we're going to get fixing." ("New Orleans Steps of Evacuations," Washington Post, September 5, 2005)

From: Montgomery, Kathleen [/O=DHS ORG/OU=FIRST ADM~~ISTRATTVE

GROUP/CN=REClPIENTS/CN=I<ATHLEEN.MYNSTER]
Seqt: Sunday, September 04,2005 11:32 AM To: ( bb u k n;gh a S u b j e ~ t Humcane Katrina Update - ESF 15 External Affairs :

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Attached is the Department of Homeland Security's Hurricane Katrina External' Affairs Update, a daily compendium of updated facts regarding the Federal efforts waged in response to the catastrophic effects caused by the hurricane in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida. The Hurricane Katrina External Affairs Update provides information on key actions by responding agencies, key statistics, key messages, and today's events. This Update is produced by DHS Public Affairs a t (202) 282-8010 (main).

HURRICANE KATRINA
Emergency Support Function 15 - External Affairs
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September 4, 2005

The Depavment of Homeland Security's Hurricane Katrina External Affairs Update is a daily compendium of updated facts regarding the Federid efforts waged in response to the catastrophic effects caused by the hurricane in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida. The Hurricane Katrina External Affairs Update provides information on key actions by responding agencies, key statistics, key messages, and talking points. This Update is produced by DHS Public Affairs at (202) 282-8010.

[ Reduce Further Ftltr'lities ant1 Sctve Lives. DHS will continue life saving and life sustaining missions by
providing ongoing search and rescue, water, food, and medicine, while also taking appropriate actions to ' prevent exposure, crime and disease..

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Ensure Security and Order to Impacterl Areas. Maintaining law and order is a priority to assist recovery and evacuation efforts and deliver relief in a timely and effective manner. More than 35,000 National Guard troops, 4,000 active duty forces and 500 additional law enforcement are in Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi. Sustain Medical Assistance and Supplies. In coordination with HHS, mass care is being provided to disaster victims at shelters and medical units across the Gulf Region. All priority hospitals have been evacuated in New Orleans; three hospitals are still hlly functioning and receiving ongoing supplies and assistance from HHS. The federal government is also distributing vital medications and supplies, tetanus vaccine, and maintenance medications for chronic diseases like diabetes, heart disease, anxiety and other conditions.

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More than 40,000 response, rescue, recovery and law enforcement personnel are working around the clock to bring critical aid and support to the areas. U.S. Coast Guard has saved more than 15,600 lives in the past one week, nearly 3 times the number of lives saved in all of 2004. More than 35,000 people have been evacuated from Louisiana. 11 million liters of water and 4.8 million MREs distributed by FEMA. HHS has shipped and is distributing nearly 100 tons of vital medications andsupplies. More than 360 American Red Cross shelters open in eight states. More than 96,000 evacuees are being sheltered.

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HURRICANE KATRINA
Emergency Support Function 15 - External Affairs
( l0:OO a h (ET)
4:40 pm (ET) 6:00 pm (ET)
Secretary Chertoff holds press availability on Hurricane Katrina response and recovery efforts. FEMA Director Brown holds afternoon media briefing. HHS Secretary Michael Leavitt holds media availability in Louisiana.

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* Defense Secretmy Donalcl Rumsfeld travels to Lozrisiana and Mississippi.

* Joint Chiefs of Staff Chnirnznn General Richard Myers travels to Lozlisiancr and Mississippi. * Secretary of State Rice travels to Mobile, Alabama.

"We moved quickly to mobilize. Obviously, it's not something you can do instantly and we adapted and we are now in a position where we have a lot of boots on the around, and that's going to give us the kind of visibility and control that we need to have." (Fox News Sunday, September 04, 2005) "We've got all kinds of personnel com[ing] in ... to manage the situation, but I really want to tell people that we have got some tough days ahead of us, and we've got to keep our eye on the ball . ..now that we've got a real physical presence here, I have confidence that we now know what's ,going on. and that's where our prioritv is aoinrz to be. (Fox News Sunday, September 04,2005) Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff told a news conference that more than 100,000 people already had received humanitarian aid and the Coast Guard has rescued 9,500 people. The federal 2overnment. he said. will "break the mold" on emergency assistance. He said he was heading back to New Orleans to oversee the next phase of relief efforts." (Bush Orders More Than 7,000 Troops to Gulf, Associated Press, September 4, 2005) "Thev brought a sense of order and peace, and it was a beautiful sight to see that we're ramping up," said Gov. Blanco said. "We are seeing a show of force. It's putting confidence back in our hearts and in the minds of our people. We're going to make it throush." (Troops Bring Food, Medicine to New Orleans, Associated Press, September 4, 2005)

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"I don't know if the cavalry has arrived, but there is definitelv progress being made," said New Orleans Mayor C. Ray Nagin. "We're startinn to turn the corner." (Bush Sends More Troops; Thousands Still Stranded, 11:22 AM, September 4, 2005)
The top military commander in the disaster zone, U.S. Army Lt. Gen. Russel Honore, also expressed sorrow but added that given the challenges, the military had responded in 'record time'." (Bush Sends More Troops; Thousands Still Stranded, 11:22 AM, September 4, 2005) In a statement Saturday, Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman said he's approved loans for 12.6 million barrels of oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, the nation's emergency stockpile of about 700 million barrels of crude oil. The oil is alreadv on the way to refineries, he said. (Bush Orders in More Troops as Relief Efforts Begin to Gain Traction, Kni,ght Ri~J~ier, September 4, 2005)
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From: Montgomery, Kathleen [/O=DHS ORG/OU=FIRST ADM~ISTRATIVE

GROUP/CN=RECIPIENTS/CN=I<ATHLEEN.MYNSTER]
Sen$: Tuesday, September 06,2005 1:01 PM To:'(' *d & h i g h 1 Subjedt: Hurricane Katrina Update - ESF 15 External Af'fairs
Attached is the Department of Homeland Security's Hurricane Katrina External Affairs Update, which is a daily compendium of updated facts regarding the Federal efforts waged in response to the catastrophic effects caused by the hurricane in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida. The Hurricane Katrina External Affairs Update provides information on key actions by responding agencies, key statistics, key messages, and talking points. This Update is produced by DHS Public Affairs at (202) 282-8010 and is not for release to the public.

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HURRICANE ICATRINA
Emergency Support Function 15 - External Affairs
September 6,2005

The Depaqtment of Homeland Security's Hurricane Katrina External Affairs Update is a daily compendium of updated facts regarding the Federal efforts waged in response to the catastrophic effects caused by the hurricane in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida The Hurricane Katrina External Affairs Update provides information on key actions by responding agencies, key statistics, key messages, and talking points. This Update is produced by DHS Public Affairs at (202) 282-8010 and is not for release to the public.

I Reduce Further Fatalities andsave Lives.

Federal, state and local responders will continue life saving and life sustaining missions by providing ongoing search and rescue, water, food, and medicine, while also taking appropriate actions to prevent exposure, crime and disease. It is important for all residents in New Orleans to evacuate the affected area. All persons found by search and rescue teams will be evacuated as they are found. Unfortunately, there is still much we do not know about the true toll this storm has had on the region, especially on the loss of life. Whatever that number is, it will be devastating to all of us, and our hearts go out to our fellow Americans who have lost loved ones in this terrible tragedy.

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Ensure Security and Ortler to Impacted Areus. Maintaining law and order is a priority to assist recovery and evacuation efforts and deliver relief in a timely and effective manner. There are 15,000 active duty military personnel committed to the effort in addition to more than 42,000 National Guard troops, nearly 4,000 Coast Guard and 582 additional law enforcement in Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi. Provide Sc$e Shelter and Secure Housing Facilities. FEMA and American Red Cross are working with federal-and state partners and voluntary organizations to ensure victims of Hurricane Katrina are relocated to safe shelters with life-sustaining commodities. Housing Task Forces are also identifying long-term housing facilities to assist disaster victims as quickly as possible.

More than 75,800 response, rescue, recovery and law enforcement personnel are working around the clock to bring critical aid and support to the Gulf Coast region. There are 162,619 people from Louisiana who have been evacuated and are safely housed in shelters. In Louisiana, 53,079 people are temporarily housed in 159 shelters. An additional 109,540 people are located in out-of-state shelters. USCG has saved 32,291 lives to date, more than 4 times the number of lives saved in all of 2004. Nearly 18 million liters of water and 11.3 million MREs distributed by FEMA. 7 Disaster Recovery Centers open in Alabama, Louisiana and Texas. 86 National Disaster Medical System Teams engaged in Gulf Region.

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HURRICANE KATRWA
Emergency Support Function 15 - External Affairs

11: 15 am 2:10 pm 3:30 pm 4:00 pm

President Bush meets with National Voluntary and Charitable Organizations President Bush makes statement on efforts to assist Students and School Districts displaced by the Hurricane , Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings hosts "Ask the White House" FEMA Director Mike Brown hosts afiernoon press briefing.

"Despite the problems and the criticism, government workers are pushing ahead to help tens of thousands of people put out of their homes. In the Gulf Coast region, two cruise ships based in Galveston, Texas, began boarding evacuees - 2.600 per ship - and the Postal Service began trying to reconnect evacuees with their mail. Customs officers are expected today at the Astrodome in Houston, where they will deliver 100,000 articles of clothing. Emergency workers also plan to move people from the Astrodome and other large shelters into smaller community shelters. Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff, who flew to the gulf region over the weekend to take control of the relief effort, appointed Coast Guard Vice Adm. Thad Allen on Mondav to run recovery efforts in New Orleans." ("Senators to 'Demand Answers' on Slow Action, USA Today, September 6, 2005) "Security also continues to be restored Seven thousand additional National Guard troops will be in place tonight, said Major Gen. Bennett Landreneau of the Louisiana National Guard. The total number of forces in the city will climb to 10,000, he said. The number of troops in place has grown very rapidly, beginning with 4,000 National Guardsmen who were mobilized before the hurricane. Landreneau said the Guard's priorities 'continue to be saving lives. We're focused on the security, law and order. and the support of existing critical infrastructure." ("New Orleans Major Says Death Toll Could be 10,000," Los Angeles Times, September 6, 2005) "Roy Bernardi, deputy secretary of the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, says the government wants to disperse evacuees from cities already heavily impacted. The government's focus is slowly shifting from emergency shelter to finding housing that can be used bv hurricane victims for as long. as a year. HUD issued a plea last week to mayors and county executivesTcross the country for inventories of what's available. The tally should be in this week. HUD also is identiein. how manv of the 26.000 properties it owns are vacant. And it's studying how many of the manufactured housing kits it owns could be put up." ("Waves of Evacuees Swamp Host Cities," USA Toa'qy, September 6,2005) "According to FEMA spokesman Butch Kinerney, the agency has been involved in placing more than 229.000 people into shelters. Another 63,000 survivors have been evacuated with unknown destinations. He said a significant number of people in Louisiana and Mississippi are still living in shelters without electricity or running water, and that their relocation out of the area is a top prioritv." ("1 Million People Can't Go Home for Months," Washington Post, September 6, 2005) "[American Re-d Cross] Spokeswoman Tara Lynch also said that the organization has received an unprecedented $404 million in donations as of yesterday morning, much of it from online and telephone donations. She said the aaency has opened more than 470 shelters in 12 states and is now

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HURRICANE KATRINA ,.
Emergency Support Function 15 - External Affairs
September 6,2005

helping hurricane victims in 30 states." ("Clinton and Bush in Charity Reprise," Washington Post, September 6, 2005)