Kpnunnannc1nuxo nonnnnjcxa axaaeunja

Cnennianncrnuxe axanemcxe crynnie

npenmer: Oóesóehene ðouasa

Hpo¢. np Mnnan Xapxonnh Bnannmnp Haxnh C-4/10


HHTAHA H OBIOBOPH H3 OBAACTH BEmTAHEHA

1. Hoja+ eeumauena?
Bemrauene ie noceôno oora;uo cpeocmeo xoie ce cacroin y yrnphnnany unnennna naxnnx
sa xpnnnunn nocrynax n nanana mnm¬ena o sanaxennm unnennnama (onnocno nnn ienno
nnn npyro) na ocnony crpyunor snana nnn nemrnne nnna xoia cy nesannrepeconana y
nocrynxy, n ro y onnm cnyuaiennma xana onmre snane cynnie n nerona crpyuna npanna
cnpema sa raxno nemro nncy nono¬nn (Hpema: Feiaronnh, C.; Kpueu:uo npouecuo npaeo, Feorpan,
2008 crp. 320).
Bemrauene ie paona oora;ueana (ncrpaxna panna) xoia ce nanaxe n npmn, xaxo y
nperxpnnnunom, raxo n y xpnnnunom nocrynxy, xana sa yrnphnnane nnn oneny nexe naxne
unnennne rpeôa npnôannrn nanas n mnm¬ene nnne xoie pacnonaxe norpeônnm crpyunnm
snanem, un. 113 3KH. V 3axony o cyncxnm nemrannma ncrnue ce na nocnonn nemrauena
npencran¬aiy crpyune axrnnnocrn uninm ce oôan¬anem, ys xopnmhene nayunnx,
rexnnuxnx n npyrnx nocrnrnyha, npyxaiy cyny nnn npyrom oprany xoin nonn nocrynax
norpeôna crpyuna snana xoia ce xopncre npnnnxom yrnphnnana, onene nnn pasiamnena
npanno penenanrnnx unnennna (Hpema: Xapxonnh, M.; Kpu+uua)ucmu:ra marmura, Feorpan, 2010.
crp. 313).

2. Beumau je?
Bemrax ie cmpv:uo )uue roie no+are oprany xpnnnunor nocrynxa v omrpueanv u
vmephueanv onnx cnopnnx unnennna sa unie ie orxpnnane n yrnphnnane norpeôno
noceôno crpyuno snane n ymehe. Pa ônienno ¢nsnuxo nnne ônno nmenonano sa nemraxa
norpeôno ie nocenyie nponecny cnocoônocr (na ie nynonerno n nymenno snpano), mopanny
nonoônocr n crpyunocr (Hpema: Xapxonnh, M.; Kpu+uua)ucmu:ra marmura, Feorpan, 2010. crp. 313).
Beumar ie npouecuo ue;auumepecoeauo )uue (crpyunax ca nannpannor nonpyuia) xoiem ie
opran xpnnnunor nocrynxa napenno na na ocnony cnoie crpyune cnpeme nnn nemrnne
creuene npmenem nosnna yrnpnn n onenn (nnn camo ienno nnn camo npyro) unnennne
naxne sa xpnnnunn nocrynax n o rome na cnoi nanas n mnm¬ene (Hpema: Feiaronnh, C.;
Kpueu:uo npouecuo npaeo, Feorpan, 2008 crp. 321).

3. Hma +oxe óumu npeð+em eeumauena?
Hpenmer nemrauena moxe ônrn ca+o earua :uneuuua sa unie ie yrnphnnane nnn oneny
nyxna npnmena noceônor crpyunor snana nnn ymeha. Ta naxna unnennna xao npenmer
nemrauena moxe ce onnocnrn xaxo na camor v:uuuoua xpnnnunor nena, raxo n na
oumeheuoe, onnocno n na camy paonv nsnpmena. Hpeo+em nemrauena y xpnnnunom
nocrynxy mory ônrn: +ecmo, cmeapu u ruea ouha, ann ne n npanna nnrana (Hpema:
Feiaronnh, C.; Kpueu:uo npouecuo npaeo, Feorpan, 2008 crp. 320).

4. Hpaea u ðvxuocmu eeumaua?
Bemrax nma cnenehe ovruocmu y xpnnnunom nocrynxy: 1. Pyxnocr onasnnana nosnny, 2.
Pyxnocr ôpnx¬nnor pasmarpana npenmera nemrauena, 3. Pyxnocr nanana nanasa n
mnm¬ena y poxy onpehenom y napenôn, 4. Pyxnocr nonarana saxnerne y xpnnnunom
nocrynxy, 5. Pyxnocr raunor nanohena cnera mro ie sanasno, 6. Pyxnocr nenpncrpacnor
nsnomena mnm¬ena y cxnany ca npannnnma nayxe n nemrnne.
Bemrax nma nne npcre npaea: 1. Hpana xoia ce onnoce na o+oevhaeane na on canecno
oôann cnoiy nyxnocr, rne cnanaiy- npano ynosnanana ca npenmerom nemrauena, npano
pasmarpana cnnca xpnnnunor npenmera xoie ie ycnon¬eno onoôpenem oprana xoin nonn
nocrynax, npano na noônie norpeôna pasiamnena y nesn ca nemrauenem, npano na
onpeheny noxasny nnnnniarnny xoie nma camo yxonnxo npncycrnyie ynnhaiy,
pexoncrpyxnnin nnn npyroi pannn noxasnnana xana moxe npennoxnrn na ce pasiacne
noiennne oxonnocrn nnn cyrepncarn na ce nnny xoie ce cacnymana nocrane noiennna
nnrana; 2. Hpana xoia ce onnoce na duuaucuicru acnerm oôan¬ana nemrauena- nemrax
nma npano na nanoxnany rpomxona nacrannx nemrauenem, re npano na narpany sa
oôan¬eny excneprnsy (npema: Bxynnh, M.; Kpueu:uo npouecuo npaeo, Feorpan, 2008. crp. 216-217).

5. Oðpehueane, usóop, eeumaua?
Opran xoin nonn nocrynxa onpehyie nemrauene nncmenom napenôom y xoioi nanonn y
norneny xoinx unnennna rpeôa oôannrn nemrauene n xome ce ono nonepana (un. 114, cr. 1,
3KH). 3a xpnnnuna nena sa xoia ie nponncana xasna sarnopa no necer ronnna, oprann
ynyrpamnnx nocnona mory, ne camo oôannrn ynnhai, neh n onpennrn nemrauena xoia ne
rpne onnarane (ocnm oônyxnnie n excxymannie), axo ncrpaxnn cynnia nnie y moryhnocrn
na onmax nsahe na nnne mecra (un. 238, cr. 3, 3KH). Hannexnn opran he, no npannny,
onpennrn iennor nemraxa, a axo ie nemrauene cnoxeno, nna nnn nnme nemraxa. Vxonnxo
sa onpeheno nemrauene nocroin crpyuna ycranona, nnn ce nemrauene moxe oôannrn y
oxnnpy npxannor oprana, raxna nemrauena, a napounro cnoxennia, nonepnhe ce, no
npannny raxnoi ycranony, onnocno oprany (ycranona onnocno opran onpehyie iennor nnn
nnme crpyunaxa xoin he nsnpmnrn nemrauene un. 114 cr. 2 3KH). Hoiennna nemrauena ce
mory nonepnrn n noiennnnm crpyunnm cnyxôama y oprany ynyrpamnnx nocnona.
Hocran¬a ce nnrane na nnie onpxnno na ce nemrauene nonepana oprany xoin nonnocn
xpnnnuny npniany a paspemeny nnneme nonpnnocn ro mro cyncxo nehe camocranno,
cxonno npnnnnny cnoôonne onene noxasa, onnyuyie o npnxnarany nnn onôannnany
pesynrara cnaxor, na n nemrauena nsnpmenor on crane nonnnnie. Axo sa onpehene
oônacrn nemrauena nocroie xon cyna cranno onpehenn nemrann, npyrn nemrann ce mory
onpennrn camo axo nocroin onacnocr on onnarana, nnn axo cy crannn nemrann cnpeuenn,
nnn axo ro saxrenaiy npyre oxonnocrn (un. 114 cr. 3KH). Hsyserno, yxonnxo y Penyônnnn
Cpônin nema nemraxa onronapaiyhe crpyxe nocnone nemrauena y PC moxe oôan¬arn n
nemrax nnn npanno nnne ns npyre npxane xoin npema saxony re npxane ncnynana ycnone
sa oôan¬ane nocnona nemrauena(Hpema: Xapxonnh, M.; Kpu+uua)ucmu:ra marmura, Feorpan, 2010.
crp. 314-315).

6. Ko ce ue +oxe oðpeðumu sa eeumaua?
3a nemraxa ce ne moxe onpennrn nnne xoie ne moxe ônrn ncnnrano xao cnenox (1. nnna
xoia nn cnoinm ncxasom nonpennna nyxnocr uynana npxanne, noine nnn cnyxôene raine,
ôpannnan oxpnn¬enor, nnne xoie ôn cnoinm ncxasom nonpennno nyxnocr uynana
npo¢ecnonanne raine, 2. nnna xoia y xonxpernom nocrynxy neh nmaiy nexy npyry
nponecny ¢ynxnniy unie ie npmene necnoinno ca ynorom cnenoxa) nnn nnne xoie ie
ocnoôoheno on nyxnocrn cnenouena (ôpaunn npyr oxpnn¬enor nnn nnne ca xoinm xnnn
oxpnn¬enn y nanôpaunoi nnn xaxnoi npyroi rpainoi saiennnnn, cponnnnn oxpnn¬enor no
xpnn y npanoi nnnnin, neronn cponnnnn y noôounoi nnnnin no rpeher crenena sax¬yuno,
n cponnnnn no rasônnn no npyror crenena sax¬yuno, ycnoiennx n ycnoinnan oxpnn¬enor),
xao nn nnne npema xome ie xpnnnuno neno yunneno, a xao ie onpeheno, na neronom nanasy
n mnm¬eny ce ne moxe sacnnnarn cyncxa onnyxa (Hpema: Xapxonnh, M.; Kpu+uua)ucmu:ra
marmura, Feorpan, 2010. crp. 315; Ipyôau, M.;Kpnnnuno nponecno npano, Feorpan, 2008. crp. 272-275).

7. Hauas u +uu+ene eeumaua?
Haxon cnponenenor nemrauena nonasn no caonumaeana pe;v)mama mro moxe na ce
ypann na oea ua:uua. Hpno, pesynrar nemrauena, no npannny, ¢nxcnpa ce y sanncnnxy o
cacnymany nemraxa y xoin ce oo+ax ynocn nanas n mnm¬ene nemraxa. Ppyro, nemraxy ce
moxe onoôpnrn na uaruaouo nonnece nncmenn nanas, onnocno mnm¬ene y poxy xoiy my
onpenn opran npen xoinm ce nonn nocrynax. Axo ie nemrauene nonepeno crpyunoi
ycranonn,onnocno npxannom oprany, nanas n mnm¬ene nemraxa naie ce raxohe y
nuc+euoi dop+u. Mehyrnm, ôes oôsnpa na xoin on nanenennx naunna ie nemrax nao cnoi
nanas n mnm¬ene, opran npen xoinm ce nonn xpnnnunn nocrynax moxe, no norpeôn,
rpaxnrn on nemraxa nnn crpyune ycranone, onnocno npxannor oprana, oôiamnene y
norneny naror nanasa n mnm¬ena (Hpema: Feiaronnh, C.; Kpueu:uo npouecuo npaeo, Feorpan, 2008
crp. 329).
Ha)a; npura;vie cee ouo umo ie eeumar ona;uo u ucnumueane+ vmepouo, a oo ;ua:aia ie
;a pa;iaunaeane pe)eeaumuux :uneuuua. Muu+ene npeocmae+a peuene nocme+euoe
;aoamra u ooeoeop ua nocmae+eua numana (Hpema: Xapxonnh, M.; Kpu+uua)ucmu:ra marmura,
Feorpan, 2010.).
Ha)a; nemraxa ce ôann unnennnama a +uu+ene nnxonom crpyunom xnann¢nxanniom.
Mnm¬ene nemraxa ie nanane mnm¬ena o nnrannma onronapaiyhe crpyxe. unnennne n
oxonnocrn rpeôa na cy mehycoôno ycxnahenn, a cnaxa npornnpeunocr ncx¬yuena nnn
oôiamnena (Hpema: http://www.sudski-vestaci.org.rs/informacije.php).

8. Bpcme eeumauena?
V xpnmnnanncrnnn ce nanone cnenehe npcre nemrauena: 1. Ho peooc)eov cnpoeohena
nemrauena ce nene na: npea u nouoeua. Hononny excneprnsy onpehyie xpnnnuap y cn.
cnyuaiennma:excneprnsa npornnpeun nenoônrno noxasnom yrnphenom marepniany; excnepr
nnie npnmenno npannnne merone; excnepr nnie npnmenno nainonecnnie merone; noian¬yie
ce cymna y xnann¢nxonanocr excnepra; sax¬yuax ie nerauan n norpeman. 2. Ho oou+v
ucnumueana nemrauena ce nena na ocuoeua u oonvucra. Ponyncxy excneprnsy onpehyie
xpnnnuap: xana cy orxpnnenn nonn marepniann; xana ie sax¬yuax neiacan n nenornyn; axo
nnie ynorpeô¬en can noxasnnm marepnian; axo nnie nar onronop na cna nocran¬ena
nnrana;. 3. Ho opoiv auearoeauux ercnepama nemrauena ce nene na noieouua:ua u
ro+ucuicra. Komncnicxy excneprnsy npmn rpyna excnepara ncre cnenniannocrn ann
pasnnx cxnarana n npanana. 4. Ho cacmaev vnompeo+euux ;uana nemrauena ce nene na
ieouopooua u ro+n)ercua. Komnnexcna excneprnsa ie raxan naunn xopnmhena
cnenniannnx snana npn ncnnrnnany oôiexra nemrauena, xana ce sa pemanane
nocran¬ennx nnrana npnmenyiy merone n snana pasnnunrnx n mehycoôno nonesannx
nayxa. 5. V oouocv ua uav:uv oo)acm :uie ce +emooe npu+enviv pasnnxyiy ce cyncxo-
mennnnncxa nemrauena; ônonomxa nemrauena; roxcnxonomxa nemrauena; rexnnuxo-
rexnonomxa nemrauena; ncnxniarpnicxa nemrauena; ncnxonomxa nemrauena;
xnnrononcrnena nemrauena n nemrauena nocnonnnx xnnra; xpnmnnanncrnuxa
nemrauena nrn. 6. Kpu+uuauucmuuua eeumauena ce pasnniaiy y oxnnpy
xpnmnnanncrnuxnx naôoparopnia nnn nncrnryra sa xpnmnnanncrnuxa nemrauena. V
oxnnpy nnx ce npnmenyiy merone pasnnunrnx nayxa xoie cy npnnarohene norpeôama
xpnmnnanncrnuxe rexnnxe, nnn ce nax pasnniaiy camocranne merone n xpnmnnanncrnuxa
cpencrna. Kpnmnnanncrnuxe excneprnse ce npenysnmaiy npenacxonno pann nayunor
ncnnrnnana crnapnnx noxasa. Cna ce xpnmnnanncrnuxa nemrauena nene na
uoeumudurauuoua u ueuoeumudurauuoua. V oxnnpy uoeumudurauuouux
xpnmnnanncrnuxnx nemrauena ce yrnphyie uoeumumem crnapn nnn nnna. Vxonnxo c ene
moxe yrnpnnrn nnenrnrer noxymana ce yrnpnnrn rpynna npnnannocr. V oxnnpy
nnenrn¢nxannonnx xpnmnnanncrnuxnx nemrauena ynase nnp. rpa¢ocxoncxa,
rpaconomxa, naxrnnocxoncxa, ôanncrnuxa, rparonn nneymarnxa n cnnuna nemrauena.
Ppyry rpyny xpnmnnanncrnuxnx nemrauena unne ueuoeumudurauuoua nemrauena xoia ce
nene na ouiaeuocmu:ra (yrnphyie ce mexannsam nsnpmena xpnnnunor nena, npeme
nsnpmena, ycnonn ysponn, noiennna cnoicrna nnunocrn nrn.) n cumvauuoua xomnnexcna
nemrauena. 7. V oouocv ua pea)u;amopa nemrauena ce mory nonennrn na nemrauena xoia
cnponone crannn nemrann n nemrauena xoia cnponone nonpemenn nemrann. 8. V onnocy
na mecro na xome ce oôan¬a nemrauene pasnnxyiy ce naôaparopnicxa nemrauena nnn
nemrauena y cnenniannsonannm ycranonama, nemrauene xoie ce oôan¬a nenocpenno y
srpann cyna n cnryannona nemrauena(Hpema: Kpnnnxannh, B.; Xapxonnh, M.; Cnmononnh, F.;
Kpu+uua)ucmu:ra marmura, Feorpan, 2003. crp. 364-366).

9. Cumvauuouo eeumauene?
Cnryannono nemrauene ie npcra xpnmnnanncrnuxe excneprnse unia ie ocuoeua oo)ura oa
ce epuu ua ca+o+ +ecmv ooeahaia, no npannny y oxnnpy nnnamnuxe ¢ase ynnhaia, mro
snaun na nma xapaxrep xnrne mepe, npn uemy ce nemraueny nonnprana nenoxynnocr
sareuene cnryannie na mecry norahaia, a ne camo noiennnn nsononann crnapnn noxasn
(rparonn n npenmern). Cnryannono nemrauene npenysero y nouernnm ¢asama nocrynxa,
nnn y roxy oneparnnnnx axrnnnocrn, snauaino nonehana ôpoi npnôan¬ennx nn¢opmannia,
xao n nnxon xnannrer, npencran¬aiyhn na rai naunn cpencrno sa ôpso, e¢nxacno n xpaine
ersaxrno nponepanane xpnmnnanncrnuxnx nepsnia. Ono nemrauene uuie cacmaeuu oeo
veuhaia ann sa nnxono ncronpemeno oôan¬ane ne nocroin saxoncxa cmerna (Hpema:
Xapxonnh, M.; Kpu+uua)ucmu:ra marmura, Feorpan, 2010. crp. 320-321).

10. Cmauðapðusauuja nocmvnua eeumauena?
Crannapnnsannia nocrynxa nemrauena nonpasymena crannapne sa ouynane marepniana
xoin ce nemraun, naôoparopnicxnx ycnona mecra na xoiem ce oôan¬a nemrauene,
crannapnnsanniy merona xoie ce xopncre sa onpeheny npcry nemrauena, crannapnnsanniy
¢opme npencran¬ana noôniennx pesynrara nponeca nemrauena (oorv+eumauuia o
u;epueuo+ eeuma:env mpeoa oa caopru nucauu oeo roiu :uue veoo, ua)a; u +uu+ene, a
v; mo u ooeoeapaivhe npu)oee v euov domoepaduia, upmera, npopa:vua, ouiaepa+a, ue+a
u c).), crannapnnsanniy naunna npencran¬ana pesynrara nemrauena npen cynom (Hpema:
Xapxonnh, M.; Kpu+uua)ucmu:ra marmura, Feorpan, 2010. crp. 323).

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