Brooke Ager Mr.

K- Block 1B AP World History 5 April 2011 Unit 13 Research Paper- World War II Tanks

In World War II, weapons were considered essential in winning, or even just fighting in, the war. I believe that the most overpowering weapon of World War II was the tank. The tank was invented during World War I, but great changes had been made on it since then. In World War I, tanks were not very technologically advanced; their maximum speed was 4 miles per hour, they were only able to climb up something 5 feet tall, and were only able to cross an 8-foot gap. They were highly unreliable, but that was expected considering it was a new piece of machinery. The tanks of World War II changed everything with their revolutionary speed and sense of protection. Also, they were able to put much larger guns on top of the tanks, which was very effective in the war they were fighting. Although in World War II, Italy and Japan played a significant role in the number of tanks produced, Germany is truly best known for its tanks. German made tanks were, in the beginning of the war, lower-grade technology-wise than many of their opponent’s tanks. This was especially noticeable in the firepower and protection areas. Its military operations set them to be first in line of the best tank producers and allowed them to dominate any rivals in the war. This strategy included not only using their tanks and other mobile warfare, but their air support as well. This plan lead them to their victory over France, although this victory would not have been made possible without the addition of radios to their tanks. The French lacked radios and because of this their approach was much slower paced and they simply could not compete with the Germans. This is surprising because French tanks had much better firepower and armor on their tanks compared to the Germans, but due to their poor command and slow-paced fighting, all of these advantages were almost cancelled out. There was much experimentation involved with the building of new tanks. The United States and Germany both tried out a heavier tank, but after testing, neither of them entered the war. After word got out about the heavier tanks, you can begin to see

World War II Tanks

you began to see light tanks. fade out and they were only used for very specific and limited roles. By 1945. on the other hand. They changed drastically and without the race to be the best. which had originally been leading the way in the war. For example. As you can see. typical tanks had about 100 mm of protection on then and their guns were in the 85 mm range. . most tanks were covered in armor of about 30 mm and had guns no heavier than 47 mm. including tanks. in 1939. who knows where we would be with our warfare today.a trend of the tanks getting larger with much bigger guns and protection. After this. World War II was a changing time for everything.