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Three-phase induction Motors cooled by water jacket W line – Squirrel-cage rotor
Installation, Operation and Maintenance Manual

Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket - Squirrel-cage rotor

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Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket - Squirrel-cage rotor

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Installation, Operation, and Maintenance Manual
Document No.: 11239449 Type: WGM Language: English Revision: 2 April 2011
Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket - Squirrel-cage rotor | 3

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Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket - Squirrel-cage rotor

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Dear Customer,

Thank you for acquiring a WEG motor. This is a product developed with levels of quality and efficiency that ensure an excellent performance. Since electric motors play an important role in comfort and wellbeing, they need to be identified and treated as driving machines, whose features include certain handling procedures such as storage, installation, and maintenance. All efforts were employed in order to ensure that all of the information provided in this manual is accurate regarding the configurations and applications of the motor. Therefore, careful reading of this manual before proceeding with the motor installation, operation or maintenance is highly recommended in order to ensure safe and continuous motor operation, ensuring its safety and that of its installations. In case of any remaining doubts, please contact WEG. Maintain this manual close to the motor at all times so it can be consulted whenever necessary.

ATTENTION
1. Following the procedures provided in this manual is mandatory to maintain a valid product warranty; 2. Motor installation, operation, and maintenance procedures must be performed only by qualified personnel.

NOTES
1. Total or partial reproduction of the information provided herein is allowed, provided that the source is properly referenced; 2. If this manual is lost, a PDF copy may be downloaded from the www.weg.net website, or an extra copy may also be provided by WEG.

WEG EQUIPAMENTOS ELÉTRICOS S.A.

Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket - Squirrel-cage rotor

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weg.www.net 6 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .Squirrel-cage rotor .

....................4 Insulation resistance ........................................15 3...............1 3.............................8...........2.....................1................2 Bearing lubrication ............................................3............................14 3.............................................14 3............................................11 Maintenance plan during storage..........2.......11 1......................................................16 3...........................................2.....16 3..............16 3..........18 3...........5 Exposed machined surfaces......................................................................................................17 Handling horizontal .............................3...............................11 SAFETY WARNINGS......8....22 Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket ....................................1 General Precautions..............................................................19 4..........................................................4..............................................................................................1 1...............3............................................................................................20 Polarization index........3.................net TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION ....2.........2 RECEIVING ............2.....................................................................................................1 .............................................................2...2...............................................................................................15 3.......3......3 4 INSTALLATION .........................14 3..............................................................................16 3..................................................................1.................20 Thermal protection........................................................................1............................................1 3.....................................1 Grease-lubricated bearings ..............21 4............19 Minimum insulation resistance.....19 INSULATION RESISTANCE.................................................19 General considerations ...................2 2.2..........................................................2 Winding temperature limits .........................3 Alarm and shutdown temperatures..........................3.........................................7 QUALIFIED PERSONNEL ......................................3 Checking the insulation resistance .....20 Conversion of measured values ...................................................2 TERMINOLOGY .............................................3.................................................................................15 3..13 VOLTAGE AND FREQUENCY ............3..............7 Terminal box .......4........................................3 4.......................................................................................................................2 4......3.....................................................................18 3..............13 OPERATION CONDITION......12 MOTORS APPLIED IN HAZARDOUS AREAS ...................................................................................15 3......1...........................15 3......................16 3........4............................................................................................................................................3..............13 ENVIRONMENT CHARACTERISTICS..9 Inspections and records during storage .....1 Temperature sensors .............................2 Separate parts ..................................................................14 Outdoor storage .....6 Bearings....................19 4.............................................................................................................................................................................3 Indoor storage ...................................1.......................2...................................................4....................................................2 4............20 4..................................3 INSTALLATION SITE .....................................................................3 Space heaters..3 HANDLING........18 Vertical motor positioning..3.................................6...1 3.......................3................................................4 Others ..................1 4......weg........1 Storage location .................................................2 Outdoor storage ............4 PROTECTIONS ...........................6 Safety instructions ....................15 3................................2.................................3..........................12 2............6 2..........................................................................18 Handling vertical motors..........................................................................14 3.3.......................16 3.............................................................2..............................2........................................2..........................................................4................www........21 4.......................................Squirrel-cage rotor | 7 4...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................12 STANDARDS..............................................................3....................21 4.3............................................................................................8...........2...............................................10 Cooling system .....1 4............................................................4 4.8 Preparation for commissioning .....................16 3...15 3...13 3 RECEIVING............................14 STORAGE ...........19 Measuring stator windings .................................3.....................................................3..................................................2...........................................2.........19 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............3..........................................................2....................8.....12 SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS .............................3......12 2..............11 2 GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS ............................................................................... STORAGE AND HANDLING.......................................................................4 Temperature and ohmic resistance of Pt100 thermoresistors....................................................................................................2........................5 2.....15 3...........................12 2...............3................................3.2...........2 3..................................................................................................................2 Additional Precautions ...........................................1 Indoor storage ............2 3......................................3 2.........................2............1....................................................................14 Extended storage .................................................................................................................................................................5 4................................................................................................................3........3...................................3.........................3.......................1 2......................2.........................3...................................3.............................................4 2...........20 4....................................3.............1 Cleaning ..............15 3...............................

.......................................................................5 Space heater.............. 26 4..........................................................................................................................................................net 4....................... 31 Temperatures...........................................................................................1 6....................................................4............................................................6..................................1...........................................................3................... 30 BLOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT (Ip/In)......................................................................................................................................................... 30 DOL STARTING FREQUENCY...................................7......... 23 4......6 Grease changing procedure ......................... 30 REDUCED CURRENT START-UP ....................2 5................Squirrel-cage rotor ..............................................................7................. 34 BEARING MAINTENANCE................ 34 7... 22 Cooling system features .......................................7................................................3 Lubrication of bearings with spring device for grease removal ..........................................................................................8.........................................................................................2...................................................................6 5 START-UP.............................................................................8......6.............................................................................. 35 7.........................6.........................1 7........1 Direction of rotation.... 24 4.........8..........................................5 COOLING ...........7..............5..................... 33 7................................................................ 28 4................................. 23 4.............................................................. 26 Types of bases........................................................................ 32 Shutdown ..........................................3 4.....................................................................................................................1 4................... 22 Water temperature sensor.............................. 34 SHUTDOWN MOTOR.8 GENERAL...............3 Coupling by pulleys and belts ....................................................2 7................. 33 WINDING CLEANING ...........................2 4...... 23 Electric connections ..................1 IEC60034-8 connection diagram ..................7......................................................................................................1 Lubrication instructions........................................................................8...........6.......... 28 4......3 4................. 31 6.............................................................................................................................................................................2 NEMA MG1 connection diagram ...................................................6.......................................................... 33 COOLING SYSTEM MAINTENANCE .....2 Gear coupling................................................1 6...2..1... 25 4.........................................8............................................................................................. 27 Natural frequency of the foundation....................................... 35 7........................................................................... 23 Protection devices........2.............................................4 6.................................. 24 4........................................................................7.....3......................3...................................................................................................... 31 Bearings ...................................... 27 4..............................................3 PRELIMINARY INSPECTION ....................................................6..........5 4......................... 23 4............................4 DOL STARTING.................... 33 WINDING INSPECTION ............................................................................1 Cooling water temperature ...........7....................................................................... 32 7 MAINTENANCE ...... 30 6 COMMISSIONING ...8........................................ 27 Alignment and leveling.................................................. 22 Cooling water features .............3 6................................................................................................................................................3.......................................7..3 Metal base..... 25 4...................................... 34 SHAFT GROUNDING DEVICE .... 31 6.......................................................................4 Anchors.............2 6..............................7 7..........................3.........................5 7................... 25 Foundations ..............6....................................3....7 MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS ....................................8....................................................................................................1 Main connection ...........................................5 Alternative greases ..........6 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS ....1...................1 4.......................... 26 4........1 Concrete base.....................................................................................................4................................................... 26 Stress on foundations ......................................................7..........................2 4......................................6...................................................................6 General ................5.......1.....................4......1 Direct coupling ......................................................................................3...3 5............................................... 26 4............6.............................................................................. 31 INITIAL START UP ...............................3 7.................4 Grease type and quantify........................2..............6.............................6..................................................................................................2 Procedures for bearing re-lubrication .....................................................................................................1 5...................................................................................................weg.... 34 7.....................5...............................................................3...........................................................7.........2 Grounding ........................................................... 35 7.................7.............. 26 4....................................2 4..... 37 8 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket ...............................................2.................................................2 Sliding base......................................................................................................... 29 4...........................1............................3......2 6....................................................... 33 GENERAL CLEANING .................................................. 27 Couplings........................................................... 30 5...5 6............1....................................................7............................................. 35 7................................... 22 Water Leak Sensor.... 23 Connection diagram. 22 4.6 7.......... 34 7...........2 4..1 4..................................................................2.1............................... 31 OPERATION ... 28 4.........4 4....... 23 4................5........................................7.........1....................3 Accessory connection diagram...................................1..................................3 4.................................................3...................................................................................................................1 Grease-lubricated rolling bearings ............................................ 32 Vibration ..........4 7....................................................... 32 Cooling System....................................................www.......................................................................................................

...........45 10.............................2....................................8.......................3 8..........................................................47 11 WARRANTY..........................................8.......................................1.........8..........................9..43 9 MAINTENANCE PLAN....................8 7...................................................9 7...............................40 8 MOTOR ASSEMBLY AND DISASSEMBLY........................1 10.............................39 Bearing protection .........................43 SPARE PARTS ...............................................42 TIGHTENING TORQUE ......................................................................................................................40 7.....1 Horizontal bearings ..........................................................www......................2 Vertical bearings ...................38 7...............8.........................................8....................................................................2 Low temperature grease .................Squirrel-cage rotor | 9 .......................................................8....40 7.....9.............................................................44 10 ABNORMALITIES.....................2............net 7.................................1 Protection settings ...................................................................8.............................................1.....................................................................weg.................................................2 Bearing temperature sensor disassembly/assembly...........................7 7.........38 7.........................1 8.....................................41 8......45 BEARINGS ...........................................................................1.....................................................37 Grease compatibility ....4 HORIZONTAL MOTORS .............................2 MOTORS.1.................................................................................................................8...2 8............48 Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . CAUSES AND SOLUTIONS ..................................................................................1....41 VERTICAL MOTORS ..................................................................37 Bearing disassembly / assembly...........................

net 10 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .Squirrel-cage rotor .weg.www.

In case of any additional clarifications regarding motors with constructive specialties. ATTENTION Noncompliance with the recommended procedures in this warning may lead to property damage. Therefore. connection diagram. A. please contact WEG. Along with this manual. In case of any additional clarifications. NOTE This provides relevant information for appropriate product operation and service. Compliance to these procedures is equally important in order to ensure motor warranty. careful reading of this manual before installing and operating the motor is recommended. operation or maintenance of the motor. L.1 TERMINOLOGY W MOTOR LINE W – W Line G M 400 A TYPE OF ROTOR G – Cage COOLING SYSTEM M – Closed with cooling with water jacket (IC71W) IEC FRAME Height from the shaft end in mm (315 to 560) FOOT HOLES ABNT / IEC (S. such documents must be carefully evaluated before proceeding to the installation. All procedures and standards provided in this manual must be followed in order to ensure proper motor operation and safety of all personnel involved in its operation. E) 1. M.Squirrel-cage rotor | 11 . Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . C. etc. Motors with specialties may be provided with specific documents (designs.www.net 1 INTRODUCTION This manual covers standard motors.2 SAFETY WARNINGS The following safety warnings are used in this manual: DANGER Noncompliance with the recommended procedures in this warning may lead to death. D.). please contact WEG. severe injuries and substantial property damage. 1. B.weg. characteristic curves.

must be constantly informed and updated on the service safety instructions and standards and are advised to strictly comply with them. the following precautions must be adopted: Study and understand the standards provided in the “Motors applied in hazardous areas” item.Rotating Electrical Machines . it is recommended that these services are always performed by qualified personnel.Part 0: General Requirements ABNT NBR IEC 60079-0 . have been authorized by those in charge to execute all necessary tasks. accident prevention and knowledge of operating conditions.3.7 . The specific determinations and conditions for local installation.Atmosferas Explosivas .Atmosferas Explosivas Parte 7: Proteção de Equipamentos por segurança Aumentada "e" IEC 60079.Parte 0: Equipamentos .net 2 GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS All personnel working in the assembly. may cause severe personal and property damage.1 .Squirrel-cage rotor .www. and other documentation.weg. 2. failing to comply with operating standards. manuals.2 . knowledge of applicable standards.Atmosferas Explosivas . Such qualified personnel must also know first aid procedures and must be able to provide such services. Individual parts must be stored in vibration-free environments. maintenance. safety standards. and to recognize and avoid any possible danger.3.Proteção de Equipamento por Invólucro à Prova de Explosão ‘d’ IEC 60079-15 . The personnel in charge of installation safety must ensure that: Only qualified personnel install and operate the equipment. purchase order documents.Parte 1 . target of deficient maintenance.Requisitos Gerais IEC 60079. When inappropriately applied. Therefore. Ensaio e Marcação de Equipamentos Elétricos com Tipo de Proteção ‘n’ ABNT IEC 60079. operation or maintenance of electrical installations.2 Additional Precautions Shutdown the motor and wait until it comes to a complete halt before performing any maintenance. Comply with all requirements established in the applicable standards.2 SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS DANGER During operation.Explosive Atmospheres . All operation. Such personnel must have immediate access to this manual and other documents provided with the motor as well as perform tasks in strict compliance to the service instructions. this equipment exposes energized or spinning parts that may present high voltage or high temperatures.Atmosferas Explosivas .Parte 15: Construção. and repair tasks are to be exclusively performed by qualified personnel. experience. inspection.Electrical Apparatus for Explosive Gas Atmospheres . Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .Part 1: Equipment Protection by Flameproof Enclosures 'd' ABNT NBR IEC 60079-1 .Parte 17: Inspeção e Manutenção de Instalações Elétricas 2. or reparation services.Part 15 Protection by Type of Protection ‘n’ ABNT NBR IEC 60079-15 .Atmosferas Explosivas . operating. if necessary. due to their training. education level. such motors may cause severe personal and/or property damage. and specific product documentation. 2. provided in the catalog.Electrical Apparatus for Explosive Gas Atmospheres . respectively: IEC 60034-1 . or performing maintenance in electric motors in hazardous areas. connections and installation environment).Electrical Apparatus for Explosive Gas Atmospheres. operating instructions. Part 2: Pressurized Enclosures 'p' ABNT NBR IEC 60079-2 . relevant standards.Explosive Atmospheres .1 QUALIFIED PERSONNEL 2. The general requirements for equipment operating in hazardous areas are described in the following Brazilian and international standards.Parte 2: Proteção de Equipamento por Invólucro Pressurizado ‘p’ IEC 60079-17 . Firefighting equipment and first aid notices must be available in visible and easily-accessible locations within the work site.Part 1: Rating and Performance IEC 60079-0 . Before initiating any tasks. avoiding falls and ensuring their protection against aggressive agents and/or do not present risks to the safety of personnel. That the individual component protection devices are removed before the installation.3 The term qualified personnel represents those who. The use of appropriate tools and equipment for handling and transportation. All qualified personnel must also observe: All technical data regarding allowed applications (operating conditions. MOTORS APPLIED IN HAZARDOUS AREAS 2.Part 17: Electrical Installations Inspection and Maintenance ABNT NBR IEC 60079-17 .Part 7: Increased Safety 'e' ABNT NBR IEC 60079-7:2008 . operation with open terminal boxes. Therefore. the personnel in charge is responsible for making sure that all points were duly observed and for alerting the respective staff about the dangers inherent to the task to be performed. Failure to comply with installation and safety standards may void the product warranty.1 General Precautions Before installing.Explosive Atmospheres . 12 l The specific hazardous area operation motors possess additional safety characteristics which are defined in specific rules for every type of risk area according to their classification.Equipamentos Elétricos para Atmosferas Explosivas . or even when handled by non-qualified personnel. unprotected couplings or incorrect handling.

Environment according to the motorprotection level. Antifreeze fluid must be added to the water for temperatures below +5°C.5 ENVIRONMENT CHARACTERISTICS The motors were designed for the following operating conditions: Ambient temperature -15ºC to +40ºC. However. The motor must be capable of performing its main function in Zone A continuously. and all applicable standards and codes. it may show greater deviations than those in Zone A. Ensure that motors are duly grounded. Voltage 2. most likely. installation and maintenance instructions provided in this manualand applicable to the type of motor at hand. which must be specified in the purchase order and described on the nameplate and specific data sheet of every motor. the motor must be operated according to the rated data indicated on the nameplate. regarding rated voltage and frequency performance characteristics. greater than in Zone A. Connection terminals must be duly connected. 2. when it may show some deviations. The conductors and the entire protection system must guarantee a power quality within established parameters to the motor terminals. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .6 OPERATION CONDITION In order for the product warranty to remain valid.1: Standards applicable to three-phase induction motors IEC Specification Dimensions Tests Levels of protection Cooling Constructive Forms Noise Mechanical vibration 60034-1 60072 60034-2 60034-5 60034-6 60034-7 60034-9 60034-14 NBR 7094 5432 5383 9884 5110 5031 7565 7094 NEMA MG1-1.Squirrel-cage rotor | 13 .20 MG1-4. Altitude: 1.10.7 VOLTAGE AND FREQUENCY NOTE Comply with all other storage. according to the IEC60034-1 standard: Voltage: may vary within a ±10% range of rated value.net All existing protections must be installed and properly set before operating. The motor must be capable of performing its main function in Zone B. transportation. Extended operation in the boundaries of Zone B is not recommended.000 m. manufactured.11 MG1-12 MG1-5 MG1-6 MG1-4 MG1-9 MG1-7 Frequency Rated voltage Zone B (outside of zone A) Figure 2.1). Temperature increase may be higher than those identified in rated voltage and frequency and. It is very important to ensure correct power supply to the motor.weg. Increase in temperature may be greater than those from rated voltage and frequency. ATTENTION Ambient temperature must not be below +5°C for water-cooled motors.1: Voltage and frequency variation limits 2.4 STANDARDS Zone A The motors are specified.www. 2. must be followed. as well as the information provided in this manual. Frequency: may vary within –5% to +3% range of rated value. designed. avoiding any type of poor contact that might generate heating or sparking. but it may not completely meet its rated voltage and frequency performance characteristics (see rated characteristics point in Figure 2. and tested according to the following standards: Table 2. Special operating conditions may be provided upon request.

rodents. the winding insulation resistance may drop below acceptable values. to the insurance company and to WEG. Consequently. it is exposed to external agents. storage. nor the closing plugs in junction box holes. and must never be lifted by its wooden parts. after long storage periods. such as rollers. Internal components. depending on the degree of air contamination. are exposed to humidity. such as temperature fluctuations. place wooden blocks as spacers. and insects. 3. the correct hoisting points. and windings.2. The motor must be stored in a dry location.weg. ATTENTION All water inside the housing must be drained after long storage or shutdown periods. 3. The shaft locking device must only be removed shortly before installing and storing the motor in a safe location for future transportation.1 3.3 ATTENTION Parts supplied in additional packages must be checked upon receipt. Extended storage When lifting a package (or container). 14 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . When the motor is stored for a long period of time before being operated. the weight indicated in the package or on the nameplate. and the lubricant power of the lubricant agent in the rollers may be adversely affected. All of these influences increase the risk of damages before starting up the motor. it must remain inside the package and stored in a location protected against humidity. The motor must be stored in vibration-free locations in order to avoid bearing damage. the chosen location must strictly meet the criteria described below.2 STORAGE Any damage to the painting or to the protections against rust in the machined parts must be corrected. which is necessary to ensure proper storage conditions. in order to maintain the product warranty.2. These protections must remain in place until the final assembly.1 Indoor storage If the motor is not installed immediately after reception.3.2 Outdoor storage All motors are tested and provided in perfect operating conditions. Storage location In order to ensure the best storage conditions for the motor during long periods of time. terminal boxes. free of flooding and vibrations. vapors. documented. such as bearings. such as constructive aspects. may oxidize. which can cause condensation and.Squirrel-cage rotor . Repair all damages to the packaging before storing the motor.1 RECEIVING 3. and the operating capacity of the hoisting devices must be observed. Motors packed in wooden crates must always be lifted by their own eyebolts/lifting lugs or by a proper forklift. A complete visual inspection of the motor must be performed after removing the package. ATTENTION Space heaters must remain active during storage in order to avoid water condensation inside the motor. Free air circulation underneath the motor must be assured. 3.www. In order to ensure free air circulation between the motor and such covers. and reported to the transportation company. aggressive substances may also penetrate these empty spaces.2. Packages must be checked upon receipt for eventual damages during transportation. Do not remove the grease-based corrosion protection from the shaft end. fast heat variations. ATTENTION All damages must be immediately photographed. packaging. etc. Empty spaces inside the motor. and periodical inspections. must be followed and recorded. ATTENTION All preventive measures described in this manual.net 3 RECEIVING.2. Place the motor on platforms or foundations to protect it against land humidity and keep it from sinking into the soil. aggressive agents. All machined surfaces must be protected against corrosion. maintenance. The following instructions are valid for motors stored for long periods of time and/or were idle for two or more months before being operated. Failure to comply with such procedures will void the product warranty. moisture. The package must never be dropped. Carefully place it on the floor (without impact) to avoid bearing damage. The cover or canvas used to protect the motor against the weather must not be in contact with its surfaces. STORAGE AND HANDLING 3.

After 6 months of storage and before operating the motor. In case the storage location does not meet any of these requirements. and free of any dust accumulation. and insects. the parts must be cleaned or replaced. or acids. If the motor remains stored for over 2 years.2 Separate parts In case separate parts have been supplied (terminal boxes. All exposed machined surfaces (e. Air relative humidity inside package must not exceed 50%. besides the packaging recommended for internal storage. Package preparation must be carefully executed by experienced personnel. WEG recommends that additional protections are incorporated to the motor packaging during the storage period. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .2.g.2. inspected. The environment must be free of continuous or intermittent vibrations. motor windings’ insulation resistance must be measured and recorded quarterly. The contact elements cannot be corroded. clean. the shaft lock device must be removed and the shaft must be manually revolved in order to distribute grease inside the bearing and preserving good bearing conditions. Recommended Products: Name: Dasco Guard 400 TX AZ. covers.). ensuring protection against dirt and moisture and keeping the motor from sinking into the soil. The environment must present an air-filtered ventilation system.1.2. the main junction box and the other terminal boxes must also be inspected. etc. using a resistant canvas or plastic. every two months. the bearings must be disassembled.2. 3.7 Terminal box 3. it is recommended to inspect it regularly as specified in item Maintenance Plan During Storage of this manual.1.3. before the motor is installed.2.3. The cable inlets must be correctly sealed. Any eventual insulation resistance reduction must be investigated. in order to perform motor tests. 3.1 Grease-lubricated bearings The bearings are lubricated at the factory. the package must be protected on the site by spraying or painting it with proper chemical agents. moisture and other foreign materials.www. such as chlorine.3. a shelter must be constructed in order to protect it against direct rain. The location must be free of corrosive gases. 3. Stuart Ltda Name: TARP.4 Insulation resistance During the storage period. the bearings must be lubricated again. as follows: For outdoor storage. During the storage period.3. rodents.3. sulphur dioxide.3.2.net 3.3.6 Bearings 3. The location must have power to supply the space heaters. If any of these items is not correct.2. shaft end and flanges ) are factory-protected with a temporary rust inhibitor. vapors. these must be packed as specified in items Indoor Storage and Outdoor Storage of this manual.weg. the motor must be packed in a specific packaging for such condition.Squirrel-cage rotor | 15 . Manufacturer: D.6.2 Outdoor storage Outdoor storage is not recommended In case outdoor storage is unavoidable. The location must be protected against moisture. Fire detection system.3. especially considering the following aspects: The inner part must be dry. The package must be placed on gratings or foundations. 3. ATTENTION In case the motor remains stored for long periods of time. This protection film must be reapplied at least twice a year or when removed and/or damaged. 3. Protection against dirt and dust accumulation.3 Space heaters The motor space heaters must remain powered during storage to avoid moisture condensation inside the motor and ensuring that the windings insulation resistance remains within acceptable levels. snow and excessive sun heat. and lubricated. and must not be subject to sudden temperature variations. the package must be covered with a protection against dust.5 Exposed machined surfaces 3. Relative humidity <50%. After the motor is covered. Manufacturer: Castrol.A.2. aggressive agents.2. If there is risk of infestation and fungus growth. When the insulation resistance in the motor windings is measured. Ambient temperature between 5°C and 60°C. ATTENTION The motor space heater must be powered on while it is stored in a place with temperatures < 5°C and air relative humidity >50%. cleaned.1 Indoor storage The storage room must be closed and covered. The sealing must remain under appropriate conditions.3. providing power to the space heaters. as follows: Closed wooden crate or similar with proper electrical installation.

insulation resistance and index. 16 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . Remove the rust inhibitor from the exposed surfaces with a cloth damped in a petroleum-based solvent. 4.net 3. ensure there is free circulation of water in the motor cooling system before operating the motor. 7.10 Cooling system If the motor remains idle for a long period. Cleanliness.www. and lubrication must be performed as described in item Bearing maintenance of this manual.8.3.2. It is recommended that a signaling system or alarmis installed in the location in order to detect power interruption in the space heaters. and dirt. water. Make sure the bearings and cavities used for lubrication are free of dirt and the cavity plugs are correctly sealed and tightened.3. dust. Signs of vermin or insect activity. Paint conditions.3. Information on bearings and lubricants are indicated in the bearings' nameplate.3 Checking the insulation resistance Before operating the motor. winding temperature (using RTDs). 6. 5. Motor inner part must be cleaned with compressed air at reduced pressure.2. 3. Satisfactory operation of space heaters.8.2 Bearing lubrication Use the specified lubricant to lubricate the bearings.3.8 Preparation for commissioning 3.2.4 Others Follow the remaining procedures described in item Commissioning of this manual before operating the motor. 2. Protective coating conditions. 3. Signs of water condensation.1 Cleaning Motor inner and outer parts must be free of oil. the insulation resistance must be measured according to item Insulation resistance of this manual. Stored motors must be periodically inspected and inspection records must be filed.3. Physical damage.2. 9. always considering the proper type of bearing.2.2. 3.Squirrel-cage rotor . Record ambient temperature and air relative humidity around the motor.3.2. 3. The storage location must also be inspected to assert its compliance with the criteria described in the Storage plan item.8.8. Oxidation and marks on bearing seats and on the shaft must be carefully removed. The following points must be inspected: 1.9 Inspections and records during storage 3. 8.weg. 3.3.

1 Table 3.3.Squirrel-cage rotor | 17 .1: Storage plan Monthly Storage Location Inspect cleaning conditions Inspect humidity and temperature conditions Check for signs of insect infestation Measure vibration levels Packaging Inspect physical damages Inspect the relative humidity inside the motor Replace dehumidifier in the package (if any) Space heater Check operation conditions Complete motor Perform external cleaning Check paint conditions Check oxidation inhibitor on exposed machined parts Replace the oxidation inhibitor Drain the condensed water inside the motor Windings Measure the insulation resistance Measure the polarization index terminal box and grounding terminals Clean the boxes’ inner parts Inspect seals and sealing Bearings Rotate the shaft Relubricate the bearing Disassemble and clean the bearing X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Whenever necessary X X X X X X Every 2 months Every 6 months Every 2 years Before operating Note Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . motor maintenance must be performed and recorded in accordance with the plan described in Table 3.11 Maintenance plan during storage During the storage period.weg.www.net 3.2.

3. Lift the motor by the side eyes/lifting lugs. protecting the motor parts. Lower the front end of the motor and lift therear end until the motor is balanced. 3. Never lift the motor by the shaft. avoiding excessive strain on the eyes/lifting lugs. are specifically designed for their respective component only..3 Vertical motor positioning Vertical motors are supplied with eyebolts/lifting lugs in the front and rear ends.net 3. If necessary.3: Vertical motor positioning 3. Figure 3.1 Handling horizontal Maximum 30° Figure 3. Do not jolt the motor when lifting it or drop the motor abruptly on the ground. Some motors are transported horizontally and need to be moved back to their original position.2. terminal boxes. The eyes/lifting lugs in covers. personnel injuries. The handling of vertical motors must be performed as shown in Figure 3.www.3. ATTENTION 3 To move or transport the motor.3.weg. the shaft must be locked with the locking device provided with the motor. ATTENTION Noncompliance with these recommendations may cause damage to the equipment. Fasten loose cables to the eyes/lifting lugs. etc. Always use the motor upper eyes/lifting lugs for vertical movement. on the rear end of the motor until motor reaches a vertical position. Use only the specific eyebolts/lifting lugs provided to lift the motor.3.2: Handling vertical motors 18 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . Figure 3. bearings. using 2 hoists. Do not use them to lift the active motormachine set.3 HANDLING Use only the specific eyebolts/lifting lugs provided to lift the motor.2 Handling vertical motors 1.1 Lifting chains or cables must have a maximum angle of 30°.Squirrel-cage rotor . 2. Release the front-end cables and turn the motor 180° in order to fasten the cables in the remaining eyes/lifting lugs.1: Handling horizontal motors The handling of horizontal motors must be performed as shown in Figure 3. The following procedure illustrates motors moving from the horizontal to the vertical position and vice-versa. 4. ensuring that the lifting chains and cables are also in the vertical position. The sole purpose of the frame eyebolts/lifting lugs is to lift the motor. or both. 3. use a device to spread the suspension cables apart. Observe the weight indicated. since this may cause damage to the bearings. located in the motor rear end. 4 Suspending devices and equipment must have capacity to bear the motor weight.

1000 1000 . and quality and condition of the insulating material used.net 4 INSTALLATION 4. verify if: the CTs secondary connections are not open (if applicable). removal for external services. The motor frame is grounded. Comparison with values obtained in previous tests in the same motor.1: Megohmmeter connection If the total winding measurement presents a value below recommended. and humidity conditions. the motor must be shutdown. dirt). Motors must be installed in easily accessible places.1: Winding insulation resistance test voltage Winding rated voltage (V) < 1000 1000 .Squirrel-cage rotor | 19 . Table 4.1 INSULATION RESISTANCE Safety instructions DANGER In order to measure the insulation resistance. and measure the insulation resistance with a megohmmeter. In order to operate the motor in the opposite direction. avoiding impacts to the insulation resistance. Significant or abrupt reductions are considered suspicious.www. if necessary. 4.10000 4. machine cleanliness conditions (dust.12000 > 12000 Insulation resistance test continuous voltage (V) 500 500 . Winding insulation resistance must be measured before operating the motor. If the environment is too humid.5000 5001 . 4.2500 2501 .2 General considerations When motor is not immediately operated. All temperature sensors are grounded. ATTENTION Motors supplied with a single direction of rotation must not operate in the opposite direction.3. the neutral connections must be opened and the insulation resistance of each phase must be separately measured.2 DIRECTION OF ROTATION The motor rotation direction is indicated on a plate fixed to the drive end frame. The following environment characteristics must be ensured: Clean and well-ventilated location. The winding temperature was measured. local maintenance and. The frame must be grounded. the insulation resistance must be measured periodically during storage. Noncompliance with these procedures may result in personnel injuries. high temperatures. Other equipment or building must not block the motor ventilation. allowing periodic inspections. temperature. The area around and above the motor must be sufficient for its maintenance or handling. humidity).2500 2500 . The instrument (megohmmeter) must be connected between the motor frame and the winding. under similar load. It is difficult to establish fixed rules for the actual value of a motor insulation resistance. ATTENTION Much higher values may be frequently obtained in motors being operated for a long period of time. Test voltage for motor windings must be in accordance with Table 4. and dirt. oil.1 and the IEEE43 standard. please contact WEG Before measuring the stator winding insulation resistance. All power cables are disconnected.3. 4.3 Measuring stator windings The insulation resistance must be measured with a megohmmeter.3 4. may be an excellent parameter to evaluate the winding insulation conditions. grease.5000 5000 . The winding being tested must be connected to the frame and grounded until all residual electrostatic charges are removed. instead of exclusively using the value obtained in a single test as basis. it must be protected against moisture. The capacitors must also be grounded (if any) before disconnecting and separating the terminals.weg. The stator windings’ insulation resistance measurement must be carried out in the main terminal box. Figure 4. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . as it varies according to environmental conditions (temperature. The environment must be in accordance with the motor protection level.3.1 INSTALLATION SITE Evaluating periodical follow-up records is useful to conclude whether the motor is able to operate.

4 Minimum insulation resistance If the insulation resistance measured is less than 100MΩ at 40ºC before operating the motor.5 1.1 Thermal protection Protection devices against overheating are installed in the main stator. If this curve is not available. If not. Please contact WEG before employing other methods. the windings must be dried according to the following procedure: Disassemble the motor and remove the rotor and bearings.weg..Squirrel-cage rotor . 20 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .6 Conversion of measured values The insulation resistance must be kept at 40°C. at least 12 hours). please contact WEG. If the measurement is performed at a different temperature. Heat the frame with the stator winding up to 130°C in an industrial oven for at least 8 hours (for motors above the 630 IEC or 104 frame NEMA series.3: Polarization index (relation between 10 minutes and 1 minute) Polarization index 1 or less < 1. the motor winding must be grounded immediately after measuring the insulation resistance. These devices must be connected to an external temperature monitoring and protection system. This measurement procedure is always carried out at relatively constant temperatures.3.3. may be employed.2: Insulation resistance referential limits in electric machines Insulation resistance value 2MΩ or less < 50MΩ 50. Check if the insulation resistance is within acceptable values. multiply it by the temperature coefficient (Kt) Winding temperature °C R40ºC = Rt x Kt40ºC Figure 4.0 3. motor locking. 4. that usually is a thermal relay with rated current equal or less than the value obtained by multiplying the supply rated current at the motor full load by: 1. Motors used on a continuous basis must be protected against overload through a device integrated to the motor.100MΩ 100. according to the NBR 5383 / IEEE43 standard. the approximate correction provided by the curve in Figure 4.5 Polarization index The polarization index is traditionally defined by the relation between the insulation resistance measured for 10 min. or an independent protection device.The polarization index allows the evaluation of the motor insulation conditions according to Table 4. and the insulation resistance measured for 1 min. The motors also possess protection devices against overheating (in case of overload.www..15. bearings and in other components that require temperature monitoring and thermal protection. according to Table 4.3.5 to 2. lack of motor ventilation).0 2. low voltage.15 for motors with service factor equal to 1. it will be necessary to correct the reading to 40°C using an insulation resistance variation curve related to the temperature obtained from the motor itself.4 PROTECTIONS DANGER In order to avoid accidents.net Table 4.500MΩ 500.2: Insulation resistance variation coefficient according to the temperature 4.0.0 Insulation evaluation Bad Dangerous Marginal Good Very good Excellent Insulation resistance variation coefficient Kt40ºC In order to convert the insulation resistance measured (Rt) to 40°C.0 > 4. 1..25 for motors with service factor equal or greater than 1.3.. 4.2..2. Table 4. Primarily.4.0 to 4.1000MΩ > 1000MΩ Insulation evaluation Bad Dangerous Regular Good Very good Excellent 4.. motor circuits have two types of protection: motor protection against overload/blocked rotor and circuit protection (terminal and distribution) against shorts.0 to 3. 4.

However. Table 4. Alarm temperature may be set at 10°C. motor useful life will be significantly reduced or it may even result in motor blow out.6: Maximum bearing temperature NOTE RTD thermoresistances allow monitoring through the absolute temperature informed by its instant resistance value.1.4. Table 4. Maximum adjustment temperatures for the protections (°C) Alarm Shutdown 110 120 ATTENTION Alarm and shutdown values may be defined based on experience. by rule. above the machine full load operating temperature. 4.4.A calibrated resistance element. 40°C at most. plus the difference between the average winding temperature and the winding hottest point temperature. Shutdown temperatures must not exceed maximum acceptable temperature for the stator winding insulation class and for the bearings (considering lubrication type and system). Failure to use such devices is the user’s exclusive responsibility and. Its operation is based on the principle that a metallic conductor electric resistance varies linearly according to the temperature.Squirrel-cage rotor | 21 . always considering the local ambient temperature. insulation useful life and. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .4 displays the numeric values and the composition of the acceptable temperature at the winding hottest point. The total temperature is composed by the ambient temperature plus temperature elevation (T). Ambient temperature is. This temperature level may be determined by test results or through motor operating temperatures. Table 4. in case of damages. according to predetermined temperatures.net 4.4. 4.Specific connection diagram for each motor. consequently. as well as the alarm and shutdown parameterization.5: Maximum stator temperature Temperature Class F H Maximum adjustment temperatures for the protections (°C) Alarm Shutdown 130 155 155 180 Thermo resistance (Pt100) . may void the product warranty.2 Winding temperature limits The temperature at the winding hottest point must be kept below the insulation thermal class limit.1 Temperature sensors Table 4.5 and Table 4.weg. The detector terminals must be connected to a control panel with a temperature meter.3 Alarm and shutdown temperatures The temperature level to trigger alarm and shutdown must be parameterized at the lowest value possible.1.6. Working conditions above this value are considered special.1. 105 125 10 15 155 180 ATTENTION If the motor is operating at temperatures above the limit values of the insulation thermal class.www. the relay may perform the reading of the temperature. With this information. they must not exceed the maximum values indicated in Table 4.4: Insulation class Insulation class Ambient temperature T = temperature elevation (temperature measurement method by resistance variation) Difference between the hottest point and the average temperature Total: hottest point temperature °C °C °C °C F 40 H 40 ATTENTION Motor protection devices are listed in the WEG diagram .

39 104.4.1 Cooling system features Water inlet Water outlet 4.42 147.61 117.12 113.weg.5 COOLING When the motor is equipped with a space heater to prevent water condensation in its interior during long idle periods.08 138.90 107. it must be assured that this space heater is activated immediately after the motor is shutdown and that it is turned off as soon as motor resumes operation.19 159.40 123.93 8 103.02 110.42 136.01 122.47 121.31 120.88 142.20 153.70 155.80 147.81 150.1.70 158.28 115.77 118.70 152.74 141.4 Temperature and ohmic resistance of Pt100 thermoresistors Table 4.06 149.89 134. The water inlet temperature is indicated in a specific nameplate in the cooling system.44 150.16 128.45 159.16 124.56 105.40 111. Figure 4. 4.4.77 144.63 110.32 158.53 145.04 135. Only a correct motor and cooling system installation can ensure continuous operation without overheating.24 122.18 112.60 132.39 128.24 127.82 159.68 149.67 115.22 117.17 147.83 116.12 141. The internal heat of motors cooled by water jacket is dissipated by water circulation inside the frame.00 103.62 122.37 133.7: Temperature X Resistance (Pt100) ºC 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 0 100.08 155.94 160.15 144.www.06 115. in the lower part of the frame.4.94 137.95 154.09 125.36 141. 22 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .70 138.18 136. compliance with the cooling system data provided in the motor cooling system nameplate is mandatory.55 7 102.78 123.30 9 103.33 155.01 127. The water supply system must be installed by the user.69 2 100.57 151.12 107.64 143.96 112.90 114.51 114.06 4. This sensor must be connected to the control panel according to the motor connection diagram. motors may be supplied with a water leaking sensor installed in their inner part.07 158.79 111.13 133.45 116.386 3 101.55 124.39 144.46 109.45 156. 4.32 125.70 125.4.net 4.98 140.5.3: WGM motor cooling NOTE The water leaking sensor (if applicable) is installed in the lowest part of the motor.67 Table 4.60 140.1.57 160.82 153.86 126.93 119.34 106. Formula: Ω .95 105.31 149.94 151.93 148.68 108.57 154.77 128.18 6 102. The water inlets and outlets must not be obstructed as they may cause overheating or even motor blow out.2 Water Leak Sensor Whenever requested by the user. fixed to the motor frame.5 Space heater 4.84 139.98 132. Installed resistance supply voltage and power values are informed in the motor connection diagram and in the specific nameplate fixed to the motor.73 106. fixed to the motor frame.99 117.45 131.07 152.27 135.55 148.45 153.54 129.02 143.95 109.70 120.50 142.15 119.35 113.47 126.32 138.08 120.83 156.26 143.46 139.100 = °C 0.66 135.24 110.81 5 101.43 4 101.20 156.56 137.51 134.80 136.32 152.3 Water temperature sensor ATTENTION In order to ensure the correct operation and avoid motor overheating.29 108.51 107.Squirrel-cage rotor .07 108.69 130.66 146.31 130.29 146.07 130.54 119.91 145.58 157.7 shows temperature values in function of the ohmic resistance measured for Pt100 thermoresistors.73 113.57 112.19 150.17 105.93 124.31 1 100.84 131.22 140.38 118.85 121.95 157.62 127.75 133.22 132.04 146. always meeting the characteristics provided in the cooling system nameplate.92 129. This sensor detects eventual water leaks from the cooling system to the inner part of the motor. Temperature sensors installed in the water inlet and outlet (if applicable) monitor water temperature.78 104.

Ammonia < 10 ppm. Maximum size of particles charged in water: ≤ 0. Stator and rotor terminal identifications and the corresponding connections are indicated in the motor- Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .Squirrel-cage rotor | 23 . ATTENTION Before connecting the motor to the power network.3 Protection devices ATTENTION Do not use steel washers or washers made of low electric conductivity materials to fix the terminals. strip the ends and insert terminals to be used. unscrew the stator terminal box cover.1mm. However. The motor rotation direction may be altered by the inversion of any two phases. Connect the cable metallic coating (if any) to the common grounding conductor. clean the cooling circuit with treated industrial water.2 ppm. the motor must turn in the direction specified in the connection plate and in the nameplate fixed to the motor. The motor frame and main terminal box must be grounded before connecting the motor to the power supply system.net Table 4. ATTENTION In case of emergency.5. stator terminals are fixed to insulators or through copper terminals in the main terminal box. The cooling system protection devices must be periodically monitored as described in item Protections of this manual. cut the sealing rings (normal motors without cable glands) according to the diameters of the cables to be used.6 4. Cut the appropriate length of the grounding conductor and connect it to the existing terminal in the terminal box and/or the one in the frame. Sulphate < 50 ppm. Before making the connections. this process may only be performed twice during the useful life of the motor. it is necessary to carefully measure the winding insulation resistance. please contact WEG 4. in compliance with the IEC60034-8 or NEMA MG1 standards. The location of power terminal boxes . Firmly fix all connections.5.0 to 8. the motor may be cooled with seawater for up to 30 consecutive days. and rotor is identified in the motor specific dimension drawing. Insert all sealing rings in the respective grooves. Motors with a single direction of rotation must only turn in the indicated direction. Nitrate: < 10 ppm.www. apply protective grease in all connection contacts. neutral.1 Cooling water temperature Water jacket cooled motors are able to operate at a water inlet temperature as specified in the project and informed on the nameplate fixed to the motor. Cut the power supply cables to the desired length . Ensure that the power cables cross-section and insulation are appropriate for the motor current and voltage. 4.2 Cooling water features Always use treated industrial water with the following features: ph: 6.1.8: Technical features of the cooling system (referential values) Flow (l/min.1 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Electric connections Main connection 4.2 Grounding 4.1. Close the terminal box cover making sure that the sealing rings are placed correctly. After the seawater cooling process. However. Conductance: < 500μS/cm. 4.weg.0 Chloride: < 40 ppm. In order to connect the motor main power supply cables. In order to operate the motor in the opposite direction. Connections to terminals must be made according to the connection diagram of the motor-specific stator. Iron: < 0.5. since fans and other devices are unidirectional.) 35 45 55 80 90 100 Maximum load loss (bar) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Maximum working pressure (bar) 4 4 4 4 4 4 Frame 315 355 400 450 500 560 specific connection diagram.6.2. NOTE The direction of rotation is decided by looking at the shaft end on the drive end of the motor.6.1 Depending on the motor constructive form.6. and insert the cables inside the sealing rings. 4.

weg. 3 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS 9100 6 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS 9101 Δ Y 6 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS .6. as shown in the following example: 24 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .www. The numbers described in each diagram allow the identification of the connection diagram through a nameplate fixed to the motor including code numbers corresponding to the connection diagrams for stator and accessories.net 4.Squirrel-cage rotor . and all possible connections to stator (phases) and rotor in three-phase ring induction motors. they will be identified by an additional suffix separated by a hyphen.(part winding) 9118 9116 9117 FOR START UP Y FOR START UP IN Δ Y ONLY FOR START UP FOR RATED SPEED NOTE When 2 or more of the connection cables are used in parallel with the purpose of dividing the electric current.2 4.6.DAHLANDER 9102 Δ 9103 YY 9104 Y 9105 YY 9106 Δ 3 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS + NEUTRAL 9121 LOWEST SPEED HIGHEST SPEED LOWEST SPEED LOWEST SPEED HIGHEST SPEED 9107 ΔΔ 9 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS 9108 9109 Δ YY 9110 Y 9111 ΔΔ 12 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS 9113 9112 Δ YY 9114 Y 9115 12 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS .2.1 Connection diagram IEC60034-8 connection diagram The connection diagrams below identify the terminals in the terminal box.

In order to reverse the direction of rotation.2.2.6. the connection of any of the two phases must be inverted.(part winding) 9216 9217 9218 FOR START UP Y FOR START UP IN Δ Y ONLY FOR START UP FOR RATED SPEED NOTE When 2 or more of the connection cables are used in parallel with the purpose of dividing the electric current.2. as shown in the following example: 4.DAHLANDER 9202 Δ 9203 YY 9204 Y 9205 YY 9206 Δ 3 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS 9200 3 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS + NEUTRAL 9221 LOWEST SPEED HIGHEST SPEED LOWEST SPEED LOWEST SPEED HIGHEST SPEED 9207 ΔΔ 9 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS 9208 9209 Δ YY 9210 Y 9211 ΔΔ 12 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS 9212 9213 YY Δ 9214 Y 9215 12 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS .Squirrel-cage rotor | 25 . please contact WEG. have a unidirectional fan and must be operated only in the specified direction of rotation.6. please see the specific drawing of the connection diagram of the motor. Motors with connection and terminal identification described in items 4.weg.6.2. they will be identified by an additional suffix separated by a hyphen.2 NEMA MG1 connection diagram 6 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS 9201 Δ Y 6 ELECTRICAL TERMINALS . as indicated on the nameplate and through an indicative plate fixed to the frame.1 and 4.1 Direction of rotation The direction of rotation is indicated in the nameplate and may be noted by looking at the shaft end on the drive end of the motor. The direction of rotation must be checked before coupling the motor to the driven machine. 4.www.6.2. Motors with a single direction of rotation. To reverse direction of rotation of unidirectional motors.6. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .net 4.3 Accessory connection diagram For correct installation of the accessories.2.2.

The foundation type and size. 4. Pre-threaded holes on the motor feet must be used. in order to perform a precise vertical alignment. The belt must not be excessively stretched. The structural dimensioning of the foundation must be performed based on the dimension drawing. or in case of short-circuit in the motor.g .3.5. enabling an accurate horizontal alignment . bush them with a metal sheet or rigid paper (prespan). Place shims with different thickness (total thickness of approximately 2mm) between the motor feet and the foundation support surfaces.2 Stress on foundations Based on Figure 4.4.5. it is necessary to precisely control the alignment. screws. After the alignment. NOTE The user is responsible for the foundation dimensioning and construction. Figure 4.5: Sliding base 26 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .81m/s2) m .5. introduce two taper pins after test completion. The rail closest to the drive pulley is assembled in a way that the positioning screw lies between the motor and the driven machine The other rail must be assembled with the screw placed in the opposite position. and driven machine may appear. For the correct fixation. If the foundation dimensioning is not carefully performed.www. the stress on the foundation may be calculated by the following equations: Sliding base (4C max) ( A) (4C max) F2 = +0. while the motor and machine shafts are perfectly parallel to each other.g .Maximum torque (Nm) A .gravity acceleration (9.3 4.7 4.7.7.Motor mass (kg) Cmax . − ( A) F1 = +0.Feet reaction on base (N) t . Place leveling shims or bolts under the foundation blocks in order to ensure appropriate leveling and perfect alignment of the motor with the driven machine. Care must be taken so that motor feet support surfaces are uniformly supported without distorting the motor frame. and on the motor fixing form. + Where: F1 and F2 .7. Choosing the type of foundation will depend on the nature of the soil at the assembly site or floor resistance. In order to ensure bolt centering relative to the foot holes.2 4.4: Stress on the foundations Figure 4. Fix the foundation blocks to the motor feet with bolts. The drive pulley is then aligned in a way that its center is located on same plane as the center of the moving pulley.m. in order to perform an accurate vertical alignment. as shown in Figure 4.1 Types of bases Concrete base The foundation or structure in which the motor is installed must be sufficiently rigid. the motor must be assembled on a sliding base (rails) and the lower part of the belt must be tensioned. ATTENTION Place shims with different thickness (total thickness of approximately 2mm) between the motor feet and the foundation support surfaces. Preparation example : Remove all dirt from the foundation in order to ensure an adequate anchoring between the foundation blocks and the motor.3.Squirrel-cage rotor . Concrete bases are the most used for these motors’ installations. serious vibration issues in the foundation block.m. and anchor plates depend on the size and type of motor. flat. Firmly tighten all fixing bolts.net 4.7. After adding the cement. Eventual small corrections may be carried out with washers or metal sheets. free of external vibrations and capable of resisting the mechanical stress to which it will be submitted during start-up.Obtained in the motor dimension drawing (m) In case of pulley operation. motor.7. The motor is screwed on the rails and positioned on the foundation. the information regarding mechanical stress on the foundations.1 MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS Foundations 4. or by readjusting the fixing bolts’ tightening.weg. the rails are fixed.

since that would be harmful for the concrete adherence and would cause them to loosen. Radial measurement Figure 4. generate excessive vibration. When flexible couplings are used. or move it to the right or to the left on the driven side in order to eliminate the coaxial failure.net 4. the motor and driven machine shafts must be axially and radially aligned. Choosing a vertical point greater than 0°. Do not remove the machines from the common base for the alignment. After base has been leveled. These natural frequencies must be as specified below: The foundation natural frequency ≥ +25% or ≤ -20% related to the frequencies provided above. as illustrated in Figure 4.3. it must be leveled on the concrete base.7. Twice as much as the rotation frequency.4 Anchors Horizontal Assembly Vertical Assembly Anchors are devices for anchoring motors directly to the foundation when the motors are fitted with a flexible coupling.6: Anchors 4.7. Parallel misalignment 4.7 and Figure 4.www. Eventual height errors in the motor feet support surface may be corrected with shims (a 2mm maximum height is recommended).7 displays parallel misalignment in both shaft ends and the practical measuring form using adequate dial indicators. This measurement indicates when it is necessary to lift or lower the motor. The alignment process must be executed according to the coupling manufacturer’s recommendations. The base must be leveled on the foundation itself by using a spirit level or other leveling instruments. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . Half of the dial indicator measurement difference in the 90º and 270º points represents a horizontal coaxial failure.03mm.Squirrel-cage rotor | 27 . The foundation higher order natural frequencies ≥ +10% or ≤ -10% related to the frequencies provided above. Figure 4. the metal base and anchors are cemented. Anchors must not be painted and must be free of rust. half of the dial indicator measurement difference in the 0° and 180° points represents a vertical coaxial failure.7. the appropriate correction must be implemented by adding or removing assembly shims . A misalignment may result in bearing damage. Twice as much as the line frequency. In case of deviation.7: Parallel alignment Figure 4.weg. Particularly with direct coupling. the relation between the natural foundation frequency is: Motor rotation frequency.3. and even lead to shaft rupture. Misalignment in the shaft complete spin for rigid or semiflexible coupling cannot be greater than 0.3 Metal base The motor feet must be uniformly supported on the metal base in order to avoid deformations on the frame. besides presenting lower investment costs.5 Alignment and leveling The motor must be correctly aligned with the driven machine. When a metal base is used to adjust the motor shaft end height with the driven machine shaft end. which need to be properly balanced. Angular misalignment 4. provided that they do not exceed the acceptable value provided by the coupling manufacturer. values that are greater than those indicated above are acceptable. After the motor is assembled and coupled. Half of the dial indicator maximum measurement difference in a complete rotation represents the maximum run out found.8. in addition to a stable foundation.7. The measurement is performed in 4 points with a 90° displacement from each other and with the two halfcouplings spinning together in order to eliminate the effects due to support surface irregularities in the extremity of the dial indicator. anchors tightened and couplings checked . especially when direct coupling is used. the motor must be accurately aligned with the coupled equipment and components assembled on its shaft. Maintaining a safety margin for these values is recommended. This type of coupling is characterized by the absence of stress on the bearings.4 Natural frequency of the foundation In order to ensure a safe operation.

absence of belt sliding. Improper storage conditions.8: Angular alignment Figure 4.2 Gear coupling 4. mallets.6 Couplings Only appropriate couplings transmitting torque without generating transversal forces must be used. and leveling shims may be supplied with the motor. use flexible coupling. the appropriate correction must be implemented by adding or removing assembly shims under the motor feet. after the gear spins once. Misalignment in the shaft complete spin for rigid or semiflexible coupling cannot be greater than 0. and increased safety against accidents. Therefore. values that are greater than those indicated above are acceptable.7.6. whenever possible.Squirrel-cage rotor . WEG is not liable for damages to the motor. temperature influence over the motor and the driven machine must be considered. Incorrect alignments. Also. direct coupling must be the preferred choice. Incorrect installations. When flexible couplings are used. During the alignment /leveling process. occurred due to: Excessive vibration transmission. leaving a minimum clearance (E) of 3mm between couplings. one must ensure that the shafts are perfectly aligned. For both flexible and rigid couplings.weg. etc. in case of transmissions by taper or helical gear.9: Axial clearance in the coupling (E) 4. Varying expansions in the components may alter the alignment /leveling state during operation. Half of the dial indicator measurement difference in the 90° and 270° points represents a horizontal misalignment which must be adequately corrected by displacing the motor laterally /angularly. Half of the dial indicator maximum measurement difference in a complete rotation represents the maximum angular misalignment found. as illustrated in Figure 4. Gear teeth meshing may be controlled by the insertion of a paper strip in which. strictly parallel in case of transmissions by gears that are straight and in a correctly adjusted angle. washers.www. and. Incorrect electrical connections. Maintaining a safety margin for these values is recommended.net NOTES The user is responsible for the motor installation. associated equipment and installation. direct coupling would be preferable. Choosing a vertical point greater than 0°. motor and driven machine shaft centers must be placed in a single line. 4.6.8 shows the angular misalignment and the practical form to perform this measurement. provided that they do not exceed the acceptable value provided by the coupling manufacturer.7. Noncompliance with instructions before start-up.18. Horizontal Assembly Vertical Assembly Axial measurement Figure 4.1 Direct coupling For the purposes of cost. ATTENTION The pins. in case of transmission by turbo gear. the mark of all of the teeth will show. when requested in the purchase order. Flexible coupling allows mitigation of residual misalignment effects and avoids vibration transferring between the coupled machines. The measurement is performed in 4 points with a 90° displacement from each other and with the two halfcouplings spinning together in order to eliminate the effects due to support surface irregularities in the extremity of the dial indicator.7. whenever possible. ATTENTION Carefully align the shaft ends and. In case of deviation. nuts. which do not happen when rigid couplings are used. half of the dial indicator measurement difference in the 0° and 180° points represents a vertical misalignment.03mm. Figure 4. Coupling must always be assembled or removed with the help of appropriate devices and never through rough devices such as hammers. space saving. 28 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . Badly aligned gear couplings generate vibrations in the motor transmission itself.

weg. causing vibrations and fatigue. which increases as pulley diameter decreases. which may cause bearing damage. There must only be enough belt tension to avoid sliding during operation.3 Coupling by pulleys and belts Correct Incorrect Incorrect Figure 4. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . Avoid key excess.net 4. as they cause bends on the motor shaft due to the belt traction force. NOTE Belts with excessive tension increase the stress applied to the shaft end. Noncompliance with this instruction will cause an increase in vibration levels. pulley transmission is indicated. Belt sliding may be avoided by applying a resinous material such as tar. Biased working belts transmit alternating direction beats on the rotor.Squirrel-cage rotor | 29 . WEG must be contacted in order to ensure a correct application. as it represents an increase in the unbalancing mass. NOTE Always use properly balanced pulleys.10: Coupling by pulleys and belts When a speed reduction or increase is required.6. Avoid using excessively small pulleys.www. the shafts and pulleys have to be perfectly aligned with each other.7. ATTENTION In a specific pulley dimensioning case. In order to avoid unnecessary radial stress on the bearings. which may cause shaft rupture.

This scenario is identified during one of the following three conditions: a) When the power supply is "strong" enough and the motor starting current is insignificant related to the power supply capacity.Squirrel-cage rotor . for instance. causing interferences in the equipment installed in this system.3 BLOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT (Ip/In) Whenever possible. b) Motor start-up is always performed without any load. contactors) must be over dimensioned. b) A warm start up. when a second motor start-up is immediately allowed.www. because of turning it off using the motor protection.4 REDUCED CURRENT START-UP In case a direct start-up is not possible. This start-up method is the simplest and most viable method. consequently. i. reducing their useful life or even burning the windings. which is the relation between the blocked-rotor current and the rated current. the motor nameplate must indicate the IP/In value. The NBR 7094 Standard establishes a minimum start-up regime which motors must be capable of meeting. though it must only be used when the start-up current does not disrupt the power supply. i. reducing start-up time and. It is important to consider that the starting current in induction motors reaches values at the rate of 6 to 7 times the rated current. for instance. The first condition simulates a scenario in which the motor first start-up is aborted. with the windings at regime temperature. the duration of the starting current and voltage drop.e. According to standard NBR 7094.1 DOL STARTING 5. With a series-parallel switch. 5. that would lead to a rapid winding temperature increase. but only after the motor has idled until rest. due to a higher voltage drop in the power supply. If the interval between successive start-ups is too short. the following indirect start-up systems may be used to reduce the startup current: With a star-delta starter. With a frequency inverter. 30 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .2 DOL STARTING FREQUENCY Since induction motors have an elevated starting current. It is vital to ensure that such current (Ip) does not affect other consumers' power supplies.weg. With a static starter or soft starter. when starting up the motor right after energy recovery is allowed. Extremely high starting currents during the start-up may generate the following hazardous consequences: a) High voltage drop in the power grid energy supply system. with its windings at ambient temperature. the time spent to accelerate high inertial charges results in a rapid motor temperature increase. With a compensating switch or auto-transformer. The second condition simulates a scenario of accidental motor shutdown while in normal operation.net 5 START-UP 5. 5. c) Fines applied by the power utility company that limit voltage drops in the power grid. due to lack of energy in the power grid. and the second one immediately after. which is tolerable for other consumers. which generates high costs.e. the start-up of a three-phase wound rotor induction motor must be direct (at full voltage) through a contactor. a) Two successive start-ups. c) When the direct start-up is properly authorized by the local power utility company. b) Electric installation components (cables. being the first one with a cold motor.

The stator winding temperature depends on the load. potential causes must be identified and duly repaired. voiding the product warranty. 9. and adequately tightened to prevent them from loosening or to avoid the occurrence of short-circuits. duly tightened and greased (if required). 12. 8. 4. measuring devices and aligning devices have been removed from the motor working area. Inspect cooling system.3 OPERATION ATTENTION The motor must not be operated without water in the cooling system. cause damages and even lead to a motor blow out. 6. Check the rotation direction with the motor uncoupled from the load. 8. This manual only describes general operating procedures. please consult the equipment specific manual. Disconnect all space heaters.1 General 6. In case there are significant variations in the vibrations between the initial operating condition and the condition upon reaching the thermal stability. To reverse the direction of rotation of bidirectional motors. In continuous regime.2 Temperatures Bearing . In the event of significant alterations. Turn on the water cooling system. 7. The lubricant used must be the one recommended on the nameplate. the alignment and leveling must be verified. Inspect the accessories’ cable connections (thermal protectors. Keep the motor running at rated speed and record the bearings’ temperatures every minute. Coupling connecting components must be in perfect operating conditions. 5. 5. 6. stator winding and ventilation air temperatures must be monitored while the motor is operating.Squirrel-cage rotor | 31 . Forced lubrication bearings must present oil pressure and flow values as described in the nameplate. 2. 11.3. 4.net 6 COMMISSIONING 6. the following initial motor start-up procedures must be followed:: 1. grounding.1 PRELIMINARY INSPECTION 9. thus the value of the driven machine power must also be monitored during the motor operation. and cooling water temperature. Slowly rotate the shaft to ensure there are no loose parts or unusual noises.2 INITIAL START UP After performing all of the instructions provided above. Before a motor initial start-up or after a long period of inactivity. ensuring it turns softly and free from unusual noises. Terminal box covers must be properly fitted. These temperatures must stabilize in a period of 4 to 8 hours of operation. until they become constant. Drive the motor with no load. Verify if the power supply voltage and frequency are in accordance with the motor nameplate. couple the motor to the driven load and resume the start-up procedure as follows: Drive the load coupled motor until it reaches its thermal stability and check if there are no unusual noises or vibrations or excessive heating. 15. 14. Sudden bearing temperature rises indicate lubrication or contact surface issues. Check if the motor is clean and if the packaging. Check oil levels in motors with oillubricated bearing. ATTENTION Noncompliance with the procedures provided above may compromise the motor performance. Ensure that the conductors are connected to the motor main terminals. Ensure that the bearings are properly lubricated. 3. For control system operation. 6. etc.3. After a successful first start-up test. Monitor bearing temperature and vibration levels. 7. the following items must be verified: 1. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .). Measure the electric current and compare it with the value indicated on the nameplate. ensuring it is within recommended limits. Ensure all electrical connections are in accordance with the motor connection diagram. proceed with the remaining start-up procedure steps. and employ all appropriate corrections.www. space heaters. 6. 13. Mobile parts of the motor must be protected to prevent accidents. the measured current value must not exceed the value indicated on the plate multiplied by the service factor. determine the causes. Measure the windings' insulation resistance.weg. When the temperature in the bearings becomes constant. The motor must be adequately aligned. with no load variation. 2. checking the required flow and pressure. 3. 6. All motor screws must be properly tightened . The motor water inlet and outlet must be unobstructed. the start-up must be aborted. Inspect the radiators' water supply system operation in water cooled motors. simply swap the connection of two phases with each other. Adjust protections in the control panel. Operating procedures vary significantly depending on the motor application and the control device type used. Motor fixation bolts must be tightened. Check the fans' direction of rotation in independent ventilation motors. 10. 10. All measuring and control instruments and devices must be permanently monitored in order to detect occasional alterations.

and application conditions must always be considered: Table 6. The motor must operate for several hours until bearing temperatures stabilize within the limits provided above. with "loose shims" under one or more of the motor feet.6 Shutdown Motor shutdown depends on its use. When the bearings’ working temperature is reached.www.0 7.weg. 6. These values are general and for guidance only.5 4. the causes must be determined and proper corrections must be applied. Turn on the space heater (if applicable).5 1800 < n ≤ 3600 Shutdown 5. If the bearing is not running silently and smoothly.5 may damage its useful life and/or performance. it is recommended that cooling water temperature and differential pressure are routinely verified and recorded at water inlets and outlets. length and height is used to fill the key grooves during balancing). During the first system start-up.1. the motor is balanced with the half coupling attached to the shaft. horizontally and axially at the end and front bearings.3 Bearings ATTENTION Operating the motor with vibration levels above the values provided in table 6. If not.1: Vibration (RMS) Vibration levels (mm/s RMS) Rated rotation (rpm) Frame < 355 355 to 560 Alarm 4. 6. Vibrations are measured vertically. System start up.5 6. These measurements must be constantly compared to the original values. Control water pressure and flow. water differential pressure or temperature rises indicate the need for cleaning the motor water circuit. Capacitor discharge time: 5 minutes after the motor is shutdown. The motor operation maximum vibration levels met by WEG are specified in the Table 6. the motor must be shutdown and the bearings and temperature sensors must be verified.5 4. 6. For control and operation.3.Parte 7 and NBR 11390 standards (except when the purchase agreement specifically states different thresholds). as per the specifications on the nameplate attached to the motor.3. NEMA MG1 .5 600 ≤ n ≤ 1800 Shutdown 7. If the temperature rises beyond the recommended limits. according to the aforementioned standards. the motor is balanced using a half-key (that is.0 Alarm 3.5 The main vibration causes are: Misalignment between the motor and the driven equipment. when it is not automatically performed by control devices.5 Vibration Motors are balanced by the manufacturer according to vibration thresholds established in the IEC60034-14. it is important to inspect for unusual vibrations and noises. as well as the first hours of operation. if possible.net 6. check if there are no leaks in plugs. the motor must immediately be shutdown.4 Cooling System ATTENTION The terminal boxes of motors equipped with capacitors must not be opened before full discharge. 32 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .3. External vibrations from other devices. gaskets or in shaft ends.Squirrel-cage rotor . must be closely monitored. the main guidelines are: Reduce the drive equipment load. and loose fixation screws. Inadequate and not sufficiently strong base. Open the main circuit breaker. a bar of the same width. Inadequate fixation of the motor to the base. however.3. When the client sends the half coupling to WEG. Shutdown the motor cooling system water supply.

flammable or both. If the dust is not abrasive. non-metallic tip or simply with a dry cloth. ATTENTION Whenever the motor needs to be moved. If any irregularities are identified. humidity. The interior of the motor must also be kept clean and free from dust. Inspections The following inspections must be performed after the windings are carefully cleaned: Check the connections and windings’ insulation. Use brushes or clean cotton cloths to clean. etc. debris and oils. groove wedges. measuring the stator windings’ insulation resistance and ensure that values measured are within the specified values.1 GENERAL to the required values by removing the dust and drying up humidity on the windings. an adequate maintenance program for electric motors includes the following recommendations: Keep the motor and all related equipment clean. If reimpregnation is required. if it has not been operated for a long period. ensuring that they are operating properly. the frame must be kept clean and free of oil or dust accumulation in the external area. etc. If required. Check if spacers. Cleaning the terminal boxes is also recommended. it may be increased back ATTENTION Before re-powering the motor. the windings must be completely dried. Inspect all of the motor accessories. The windings may be cleaned with an industrial vacuum cleaner equipped with a narrow. Therefore.Squirrel-cage rotor | 33 . Low values or sudden variations in the insulation resistance must be carefully investigated. rust-free and in perfect operating conditions. re-tighten them. bandages and supports are fixed correctly. it is recommended to keep them free of dirt.3 WINDING INSPECTION The windings’ insulation resistance must be regularly measured. the windings must be routinely inspected and cleaned. For extremely dirty conditions. ensure that the shaft is properly locked to prevent bearing damage . If the motor requires reconditioning or replacement of any damaged parts. recording and repairing each and every damage or fault identified. Check if there haven't been any ruptures. Routinely measure insulation levels. DANGER Most solvents used are highly toxic. contaminants. Avoid contact between connecting parts and grease or verdigris. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .weg.4 WINDING CLEANING ATTENTION Failure to comply with one of the items provided above may result in unexpected equipment downtime. The frequency with which such inspections are performed depends on local application conditions. and must operate with clean air. metallic dust. Insulation Resistance Insulation resistance must be measured after all maintenance procedures have been performed. especially during damp weathers or after prolonged motor shutdown. Solvents must not be applied to the flat parts of high voltage motor coils. 7. Measure insulation resistance and polarization index to ensure the windings are completely dry.The windings must regularly undergo complete visual inspections. After being cleaned with solvents. At points where insulation resistance may be low (due to an excess of dust or moisture).2 GENERAL CLEANING In order to facilitate the heat exchange process with the environment. This procedure must be quick to prevent prolonged exposure of the windings to solvent effects. operation of the lubrication system and the bearings’ useful life. please contact WEG). an industrial vacuum cleaner must be used to remove the dirt from the fan cover and the excess dust on fan blades and on the frame. oil. they must be corrected with adequate material (in this event. if there aren't damaged welds. 7. Debris impregnated with oil or moisture may be removed with a cloth soaked in appropriate solvents. Inspect the cooling system. Winding drying time after cleaning varies depending on weather conditions such as temperature.net 7 MAINTENANCE 7. an adequate liquid solvent may be required for cleaning. For satisfactory operation and longer useful life of insulated windings. Routinely measure temperature rises (windings. short-circuits between turns and against the grounding on coils and connections. please contact WEG. Check for occasional wearing effects. as it may affect their protection against the corona effect.www. immediately contact WEG. bearings and cooling system). 7. Ensure that all cables are properly connected and that terminal fixation components are duly tightened. please contact WEG. bindings. When used appropriately. Re-impregnation If any layer of resin on the windings is damaged during cleaning or inspection. protections and connections. Use the device provided with the motor to lock the shaft. Measure the machine vibration levels. Terminals and connectors must be kept clean.

In some induction Motors. follow the procedures described in item Prolonged Storage.1: Horizontal motor drain In vertical Motors. which must be grounded. This can be done by draining out all of the water from the frame or by using antifreeze additives in the water.5.4: Grease lubricated rolling bearing 7. and it must be removed in order to drain out all condensed water inside the motor.1 BEARING MAINTENANCE Grease-lubricated rolling bearings Grease inlet NOTE When the motor is equipped with a water leaking sensor. Activate the space heaters in order to maintain the temperature inside the motor slightly above ambient temperature. all old grease is removed from the ball races and expelled through a drain that allows grease drainage.6 SHUTDOWN MOTOR When the motor is shutdown.8. a brush is used for shaft grounding. which is extremely harmful to its operation. To remove the water from the horizontal motor frame. and must consider the environmental conditions in which the motor is located.1.1 Lubrication instructions The lubrication system was designed so that. The type and amount of additive used must be specified by the additive manufacturer. which may also be used as a drain. must be removed before the motor is operated. especially when it is necessary to use a frequency inverter to control the speed. anti-freeze additives must be added to cooling water. In order to ensure a perfect grounding brush operation. Shaft Figure 7.weg.8 7. as well as any residue between the shaft and the brush. this oil. If the motor remains decommissioned in negative temperature environments. as illustrated in Figure 7.3: Shaft grounding brush Drain Figure 7. Provide the proper amount of additives to the cooling water to protect it against corrosion and algae. Such device avoids the electric current to flow through the bearings. freezing of the motor cooling circuit must be avoided. thus avoiding humidity condensation and consequent drop in the winding insulation resistance and oxidation in metallic parts. provided in this manual. The brush is placed in contact with the shaft and connected by a cable to the motor frame. but keeps dust or other harmful contaminants from getting inside the bearing.5 COOLING SYSTEM MAINTENANCE Routinely clean and check cooling channels according to the maintenance plan described in this manual. This drain 34 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . For long storage periods. The outer frame coating and water connectors must always be kept in good conditions.net 7. Grease outlet Figure 7. disconnect the water supply hoses and allow it to completely drain through the lower inlet. To remove the water from the vertical motor frame. Drain Figure 7.8.2: Vertical Motor Drain 7. there may be water condensing in its interior. as illustrated in Figure 7. disconnect the water supply hoses and apply compressed air in one of the water inlets until it is completely drained. the drain is located in the motor lower cover. during the bearing re-lubrication process. If there is any risk of freezing. In horizontal motors. they are protected with synthetic oil. Ensure that the brush holder fixation and connection to the frame are performed correctly. In order to avoid damage to the motors’ shafts during transportation. when it reaches the end of its useful life. it must be replaced by another brush with the same quality (granulation). this water must be removed through the drain located in the lower part of the covers.1.www. The brush must be constantly monitored during its operation and.Squirrel-cage rotor .7 SHAFT GROUNDING DEVICE 7. 7.

While the motor is operating. Inspect the bearing temperature in order to assure that there was no significant alteration. Lubrication procedures: 1.40.www. Check this information before initiating the lubrication process.1. It is recommended to perform the lubrication process while the motor is running. The injection of the entire amount of grease in an idle motor may cause part of the lubricant to penetrate into the inner part of the motor through the internal sealing of the bearing cover. The grease excess comes out through the lower drain and precipitates on the spring. 3.8.25 Operating temperature from 100ºC to 110ºC: 0. For lubrication. Use a cotton cloth to clean the grease fitting hole. While the rotor is running. 5.Squirrel-cage rotor | 35 .8. Follow the correct procedure for grease changing according to the Grease Changing Procedure provided in this manual . in order to ensure grease renewal in the rolling bearing lodging. proceed as follows: With the motor shutdown.90 0.94 In order to perform bearing re-lubrication.1.85 4. inject approximately half of the total grease quantity to be used and operate the motor for approximately 1 minute in full rotation speed.59. 6. Before initiating the bearing lubrication process.94 0. other than the motor original grease type.2 is reached.) that may risk the operator’s physical integrity. 7. Operating temperature from 90ºC to 100ºC: 0. 2. Maintain the motor under operation for as long as necessary for all of the grease excess to be drained. 2.weg.1. shutdown the motor and inject the remaining grease. 2. This procedure must be repeated as many times as necessary for the spring not to retain any grease. according to Table 7.2 may be used as long as the following conditions are respected: 1. If that is not possible due to the presence of turning pieces near the grease gun (pulleys.8. 7. Remove the spring rod to remove the old grease. old grease removal is carried out by the grease removal spring device installed in each bearing. Exxon Mobil Shell 7.net also avoids rolling bearing damage by the well-known excessive re-lubrication problem. Operating temperature from 70ºC to 80ºC: 0. Operating temperature from 80ºC to 90ºC: 0. SKF Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .16. Remove the drain cover. Table 7.1. Based on the operating temperature rates listed below. inject the amount of grease specified in the rolling bearings’ nameplate with a hand-held grease gun. type and amount of grease and lubrication intervals are informed in the nameplate fixed to the motor. Procedures for bearing re-lubrication If it’s not possible to use the original grease.2 1.1. Such grease must be removed by pulling the spring small rod and cleaning the spring. use only a hand-held grease gun. NOTE Rolling bearing data. Inspect the bearing temperature to ensure that there was no significant alteration.2. Alternative greases 7.5 The lubrication intervals informed on the nameplate consider a rolling bearing operating temperature of 70ºC. 4. 5. apply the following correction factors to the rolling bearing lubrication intervals: Operating temperature over 60ºC: 1. the alternative greases listed on Table 7. clean the spring and place it back. clean the grease fitting with a cotton cloth. Bearing lubrication intervals must be corrected by multiplying the interval informed on the bearing nameplate by the multiplication factor informed on Table 7.63.8. inject the grease though a hand-held grease gun until the grease starts to come out through the drain or until the amount of grease informed in Table 7.4 Grease type and quantify Bearing re-lubrication must always be done with the original grease.85 Shell (-20 to +180) (-40 to +150) 0. 6. ATTENTION WEG does not recommend the use of different types of greases. etc. Place the drain cover back. ATTENTION It is important to clean the grease fittings before the lubrication process in order to avoid foreign materials from being dragged inside the rolling bearing. It is necessary to check if the motor rotation does not exceed the limit established for each type of bearing grease. 7. Operate the motor for as long as necessary for the grease excess to leak through the drain.1: Alternative grease options and characteristics for normal applications Manufacturer Grease UNIREX N3 (Lithium Complex Soap) ALVANIA RL3 (Lithium Soap) LUBRAX INDUSTRIAL GMA-2 (Lithium Soap) STAMINA RL2 (Diurea Soap) LGHP 2 (Poliurea Soap) Constant Multiplication working factor temperature (°C) (-30 to +150) (-30 to +120) 0.3 Lubrication of bearings with spring device for grease removal Petrobras (0 to +130) 0. 3. specified on the bearing nameplate and in the motor documentation. 3.

and the rotation limits of optional grease use.2 displays the most used bearing types in horizontal Motors.2: Optional Grease application Grease rotation limits [rpm] Horizontal motors* Bearing Grease amount (g) Stamina RL2 3000 1800 1500 1200 1200 1000 3000 3000 3000 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1500 1500 1500 1200 1200 1000 1000 1800 1800 1800 1500 1500 1200 LGHP 2 3000 1800 1500 1200 1200 1000 3000 3000 3000 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1500 1500 1500 1200 1200 1000 1000 1800 1800 1800 1500 1500 1200 Unirex N3 1800 1500 1200 1200 1500 900 3000 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1500 1500 1500 1200 1200 1200 1000 900 750 1800 1500 1500 1200 1200 1000 Alvania RL3 1800 1200 1200 1000 900 900 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1500 1500 1500 1200 1200 1200 1000 1000 900 750 750 1500 1200 1200 1200 1000 900 Lubrax Industrial GMA-2 1800 1200 1200 1000 900 900 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1500 1500 1500 1200 1200 1200 1000 1000 900 750 750 1500 1200 1200 1200 1000 900 6220 6232 6236 6240 6248 6252 6315 6316 6317 6319 6320 6322 6324 6326 6328 6330 NU 232 NU 236 NU 238 NU 240 NU 248 NU 252 NU 322 NU 324 NU 326 NU 328 NU 330 NU 336 30 70 85 105 160 190 30 35 40 45 50 60 75 85 95 105 70 85 95 105 160 195 60 75 85 95 105 145 * For vertical motors.weg. Table 7.net Table 7.Squirrel-cage rotor . the amount of grease.www. please contact WEG 36 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .

In order to change the POLYREX EM103 grease for one of the alternative grease types.www. In this case.1. which leads to a complete loss of its lubrication features.e. Never clean bearing with cotton based cloths. grease softening. inject the new grease through the grease fitting in order to expel the old grease found in the grease inlet tube and apply the new one on the bearing. 2. 7. due to grease beating. it is necessary to open the bearings and completely remove the old grease. 4. all of the old grease must be purged.1. ATTENTION Grease with different basic components must never be mixed. In the case of double bearings (Ball bearing+ rolling bearing). at the risk of mixing the old types of grease. filling ¾ of the empty spaces. please contact WEG. Therefore. Some thickening agents and basic oils cannot be mixed since they do not form a homogeneous mixture. If it is not possible to open the bearing. onto the inner outer fixing rings. or a fall in the resulting mix melting point cannot be ignored. there may be incompatibility.3: Grease for low-temperature applications Manufacturer Grease MOBILITH SHC 100 (Lithium Complex Soap and synthetic oil) Constant work temperature Application (°C) Low temperature Compatibility between several types of grease may eventually present an issue.8. When the bearing is open. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .Squirrel-cage rotor | 37 . to apply the proper amount of grease. It is not possible to expel all of the old grease through this procedure. One may say that different types of grease are compatible when the properties of the mix are within individual grease property categories. which may damage the bearings. due to the great resistance it offers to the rotational parts and. Excessive lubrication leads to the increase of temperature. serving as a solid particle. a tendency to hardening. the bearings must be open to remove the old grease and to fill it up with the new grease. as well as an excessive lubrication have harmful effects on the bearing.8. other than MOBILITH SHC 100.1.weg. as they may release lint. ATTENTION Since there is no compatible grease with STABURAGS N12MF. depending on the proportion of the mix. i. applying the new grease until it starts to show in the outlet drawer while the motor is operating. Generally. greases with the same type of soap are compatible. however.net 7. otherwise. fill up 3/4 of the empty spaces between the intermediate rings. 3. because an deficient lubrication. To change the STABURAGS N12MF grease for one of the alternative grease types. mainly.8. no other greases must be applied in an attempt to purge it. Example: Lithium-based grease must never be mixed with other sodium or calcium based greases. Exxon Mobil (-50 to +150) NOTE Before using alternative grease types for lowtemperature applications. or. and then add the new grease. mixing different types of grease is not recommended without previously contacting the grease supplier or WEG. ATTENTION 1.6 Grease changing procedure NOTE WEG is not responsible for grease exchange or any eventual damages deriving from grease exchange.8 Grease compatibility 7.7 Low temperature grease Table 7. It is important to make a correct lubrication.

Bearing 10.9 Bearing disassembly / assembly 7. 13. Remove the internal bearing cap (13). 3. Temperature sensor Grease fitting Grease collection tray Screw Protection disc Taconite seal Screw External bearing cap Screw Grease flinger Front Cover Bearing Internal bearing cap 1. Remove the bearing (9). For bearing disassembly. Remove the front cover (11). 8. 8. Remove the grease flinger (10). Remove the bearing (12). Internal bearing cap Before Disassembling the Bearings: Remove all water as described on item Shutdown Motor provided in this manual. 2. 7. Remove the grease inlet and outlet extension tubes. Remove the internal bearing cap (11). 12. 2.8. Spring 11. Remove the screw (9) that fixates the grease flinger (10). 3. Remove the rear cover (8). Screw 7. Thoroughly clean the outer fixing ring part of the bearing. 4. 7.1. 5. 7. keeping all parts in a clean and safe location: 1. if necessary. Remove the outer fixing ring(5). 10. keeping all parts in a clean and safe location: 1. 9. Remove the outer fixing ring (8). Outer fixing ring 6. 6. Front Bearing Disassembly Be particularly careful not to cause any damage to the balls.net 7.1. Temperature Sensor 2. Remove the screws (4) from the bearing outer fixing ring and internal bearing cap (5 and 11). 5. Rear cover 9.www. the protection disk (5) and the taconite seal (6). Remove the grounding brush (if any). Remove the temperature sensor. carefully follow the instructions below.6: Rear bearing 1. if necessary. Rear Bearing Disassembly Be particularly careful not to cause any damage to the balls. carefully follow the instructions below.1 Horizontal bearings Figure 7.Squirrel-cage rotor . rollers and bearing surfaces and shafts. 6. 11. For bearing disassembly.5: Front Bearing Figure 7. Remove the screw (7) from the bearing outer and internal bearing caps (8 and13).weg. 2. Remove the grease flinger (7). 5. Grease collection tray 4. 3. 4. 4. 38 l Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . Remove the screws (4). Grease fitting 3. Screw 5.9.8. Remove the screw (6) that fixates the grease flinger (7). rollers and bearing surfaces and shafts. Grease flinger 8. 6.

Remove the grease flinger (17). Thoroughly clean the external part of the bearing. keeping all parts in a clean and safe location: 1. 14. Remove the screws (4). Remove the screw (7) from the outer and internal bearing caps (8 and14).9. 7. intermediate ring and internal bearing cap. the protection disk (5) and the Taconite seal (6). Temperature Sensor Grease fitting Grease collection tray Screw Protection disc Taconite seal Screw External bearing cap Screw Grease flinger Lower cover Bearing Spring Internal bearing cap Before Disassembling the Bearings: 1. 13. 4. Move the intermediate ring and the internal bearing cap. 5. 7. 6. 2. 3.8: Upper Bearing 1. Remove the outer fixing ring (8). carefully follow the instructions below. keeping all parts in a clean and safe location: 1. 8. 12.Squirrel-cage rotor | 39 . separating them from the bearing to gain space and use the device to remove the bearing. 1. 7. carefully follow the instructions below. 9. if necessary. 4. 10. 4. Remove the screws (6) from the outer fixing ring (7) Remove the outer fixing ring (7). 8. Remove the internal bearing cap (13). 18. 6. 3. 5.8.2 Vertical bearings Figure 7. 2. For bearing disassembly.weg. 9. Remove the upper cover (14). Remove the grease inlet and outlet extension tubes. 16.www. 3. 10. Remove the temperature sensor.7: Lower Bearing Figure 7. 11. 6. Remove all water from the cooling circuit as described in item Shutdown Motor provided in this manual.net 7. Place the motor in a horizontal position 3. 11. 4. Lower Bearing Disassembly Be particularly careful not to cause any damage to the balls. 4. 17. Remove the lower cover (11). Remove the screws (11 and 12) and remove the bearing hub. rollers and bearing surfaces and shafts. rollers and bearing surfaces and shafts. 19. Remove the bearing (12). 12. Remove the grease flinger (10). Remove the grounding brush (if any).1. 5. 5. 7. 2. Remove the bearing (15). 15. For bearing disassembly. 6. if necessary. 8. 13. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . 6. 2. Grease fitting Grease inlet tube Temperature sensor Grease collection tray Grease outlet tube Screw External bearing cap Spring KMT nut Spacer ring Screw Screw Bearing hub Upper cover Bearing Intermediate Ring Grease flinger Guide ring Internal bearing cap Upper Bearing Disassembly Be particularly careful not to cause any damage to the balls. 3. Remove the KMT nut (9). 8. 5. 2. Remove the screw (9) that holds grease flinger (10). 14.

8.2.weg. The puller clips must be applied over the inner ring side or over an adjacent part. Fill ¾ of the inner and outer fixing ring deposits with the recommended grease (Figure 7. check if it is free of impact marks or any other damages which may compromise a smooth operation.www. Parts (2) and (3) must not be disassembled. 3. 4.10) and lubricate the bearing with enough grease before assembling it.2 Bearing temperature sensor disassembly/assembly Pt-100 Pt-100 Conduit Conduit NonInsulated Bearing Figure 7.net Bearing Replacement The bearing disassembly process must always be performed with the appropriate tool (bearing puller).8. follow the disassembly instructions in the reverse order. For a complete bearing assembly. 7. heat it up to a temperature between 50ºC and 100ºC. Before assembling the bearing on the shaft. NOTES The Pt100 must be directly assembled onto non-insulated bearings.8. 40 I Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . Disassembly instructions: If the Pt100 must be removed for bearing maintenance. adjusting it so that the end of the Pt100 touches the bearing outer surface.Squirrel-cage rotor .10: Fixing Ring 7.2 7. The tightening torque for the Pt100 and adaptor assembly must not exceed 10Nm. Figure 7. locking the locknut (3) and unscrewing only the bulb fitting (4). and must never be higher than 110ºC. Lock the locknut (3) with a key. 5. 2. Screw the bulb (4). Thoroughly clean the bearings and inspect the parts that have been disassembled and the fixing ring interior.9: Bearing puller device Figure 7. Insert the Pt100 in the bearing.11: Pt100 on the bearings Insulated Bearing Bearing Assembly 1.2. Assembly instructions: Before assembling the Pt100 in the bearing. Ensure that the bearing surfaces. shafts and fixing rings are perfectly smooth. not requiring insulating adaptors (4).1 Bearing protection Protection settings ATTENTION The following temperatures must be set in the bearing protection system: Alarm 110ºC – Shutdown 120ºC The alarm temperature must be set to 10ºC above the working temperature. follow the procedures below: Carefully remove the Pt100.

weg. 2. Assemble the rear bearing (9) and the rear cover (8) following the procedure described in item Bearing disassembly / assembly provided in this manual. 13.Squirrel-cage rotor l 41 . please contact WEG. ATTENTION Any damaged parts (cracks. 16. following the procedure described in this manual. Fill up the bearings with grease using the rear and front grease fittings.1: Horizontal motor DISASSEMBLY 1. 2. 3. 4. 9. 11. 3. Install the temperature sensors in the bearings and in the grounding brush (if any). 6. Feet Stator Rotor Inner fan Shaft Front bearing Front cover Rear cover Rear bearing Water leak sensor Grease collector tray Condensated water drain Water flow hose Eyebolt Frame Drain to remove water from the cooling circuit Figure 9. being careful not to draw the rotor over the stator plate pack or the coil heads. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . inserting it by the rear end of the motor. in order to avoid damages to the equipment and personnel injuries. Remove the grease fitting extenders and bearing grease removal device. Disconnect and remove the water flow hoses (13). 8. 4. 8. 7. 14. Before disassembling the motor. NOTE Repair services in motors applied in hazardous atmospheres must only be performed by duly qualified personnel. place the rotor (3) inside the stator (2). Remove the temperature sensors from the bearings and grounding brush (if any). 5. 5. always avoiding repairing. Disassemble the rear bearing (9) and the rear cover (8). and assembly services must only be performed by duly qualified and experienced personnel. Disassemble the front bearing (6) and the front cover (7). 5. 7.1 HORIZONTAL MOTORS 1. follow the procedures described in item Bearing disassembly / assembly provided in this manual. In order to prevent damage to the rotor and to the coil head. 4.net 8 MOTOR ASSEMBLY AND DISASSEMBLY ATTENTION All repair. Assemble the front bearing (6) and the front cover (7). In order to disassemble the bearings. 9. 6. 8. support the shaft on both front and rear sides. Always use proper tools and devices. being careful not to draw the rotor over the stator plate pack or the coil heads. Using the appropriate device. Install the grease fitting extenders and bearing grease removal device. 12. 15. must be replaced.www. defective threads). Connect the water flow hoses (13). Disconnect electric and accessory connections. remove the rotor (3) from within the stator { 2 } (4) by the rear part of the motor. dents in machined parts. 10. 7. disassembly. 10. disconnect the cooling water supply pipes. authorized by WEG to perform such services. 2. The disassembly and assembly frequency depends on the motor type. 3. Using the appropriate device. ASSEMBLY 1. 6. In case of doubts.

10. Lower bearing 7. 5. Using the appropriate device. Remove the temperature sensors from the bearings and grounding brush (if any). Fill up the bearings with grease using the rear and front grease fittings. Flange 2. ATTENTION Any damaged parts (cracks.Squirrel-cage rotor . support the shaft on both front and rear sides. Assemble the lower front bearing (6) and the lower } front cover (7) following the procedure described in item Bearing disassembly / assembly provided in this manual. 7. Upper bearing 10. Assemble the upper } rear bearing (9) and the upper rear cover (8).net 8. 3. 4. follow the procedures described in item Bearing disassembly / assembly provided in this manual. must be replaced. Shaft 6. 3. Install the grease fitting extenders and the bearing grease removal device. 4. defective threads). Before disassembling the motor. 8. In order to disassemble the bearings. 2. Upper bearing fixating nut Figure 8. ASSEMBLY 1. 7. Stator 3. 2. Upper cover 9. following the procedure described in this manual. Disassemble the lower bearing (6) and the lower cover (7). place the rotor (3) inside the stator (2). 6. inserting it by the rear part of the motor and being careful not to draw the rotor over the stator plate pack or the coil heads. 42 I Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . Inner fan 5. Water leak sensor 11. dents in machined parts. remove the rotor (3) from within the stator (2) by the rear part of the motor.1: Vertical motor DISASSEMBLY 1. Remove the grease fitting extenders and bearing grease removal device. Disassemble the upper bearing (9) and the upper cover (8). Install the temperature sensors in the bearings and in the grounding brush (if any).2 VERTICAL MOTORS 1. Disconnect electric and accessory connections. 6. Rotor 4. Lower cover 8. 5. Remove the shaft protection cover (12) and the upper bearing fixating nut (13). Connect the water flow hoses (13).www. always avoiding repairing. Shaft protection cover 13. being careful not to draw the rotor over the stator plate pack or the coil heads.weg. disconnect the cooling water supply pipes and place the motor in a horizontal position. Grease relief 12. Using the appropriate device. Disconnect and remove the water flow hoses. 9. In order to prevent damage to the rotor and to the coil heads.

3 TIGHTENING TORQUE Table 8.9 3.2 5. inform the motor type and serial number.www. 8. as specified on the nameplate.7 12. dry.7 4. WEG recommends that the following spare parts are kept in stock: 1 front or lower bearing. if possible.6 5. the bolt resistance class is 4.5 21 9.net 8.1 displays the recommended bolt-tightening torques for the assembly of the motor or its parts: Table 8.4 SPARE PARTS When ordering spare parts.Squirrel-cage rotor l 43 . Space heater. and.tolerance ±10% 1.9 Tightening torque (Nm) .8 8. 1 temperature sensor for each bearing. Water leak sensor (if any). Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . and well ventilated locations. Inner “Allen”-type hex screws have a resistance class of 12.8 12.weg.9.1 8. at constant temperatures. 1 rear or upper bearing. When the class is not indicated on the screw head.6 7.6. Spare parts must be stored in clean.1 15 25 41 16 27 42 70 40 65 100 175 75 125 200 340 130 220 350 590 NOTE The resistance class is usually indicated on the hex screws’ heads.1: Bolt torque and tightening Resistance class Diameter M6 M8 M10 M12 M16 M20 M24 4.

Lubricant change. and vibration inspection. x x x x x x x x Weekly Monthly Every 3 Every 6 Yearly months months Every 3 years Note x x x x In case water flow alteration is evident. Coupling fixation inspection. ENTIRE MOTOR Cleaning. perform cleaning in shorter intervals. COUPLING Alignment inspection. Table 9. vibration.1 is only referential. x x x x x x x Check after the first week of operation. Winding insulation resistance measurement. Terminal box cleaning .Squirrel-cage rotor . 44 I Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . and pressure check. leaking. incrustations) inspection. Check after the first week of operation. Condensed water draining. x x x x x According to the period indicated on the bearing nameplate. Cooling water quality Inspection. and temperature control. Screw tightening. Rotor cleaning. the specific manuals must also be consulted. Cleaning of the frame and cover inner channels. Groove wedges inspection. considering that the intervals between each maintenance intervention may vary according to the motor location and operation conditions. COOLING SYSTEM Cooling water temperature. Stator cleaning. For associated equipment. Electrical connections and grounding connection tightening. such as the water supply unit or the command and protection system. noise.net 9 MAINTENANCE PLAN The maintenance plan described in Table 9. ROTOR Visual inspection. BEARINGS Noise. Operation test.weg. Stator terminals’ fixation check.www. Lubricant quality control. flow. Shaft (wearing. Disassembly and operation test. Water piping and hose inspection . PROTECTION AND CONTROL EQUIPMENT Value recording.1: Maintenance plan EQUIPMENT STATOR Stator visual inspection.

The rotor winding is interrupted. Fix or replace the rotor. The motor starts at no-load. please contact WEG.Squirrel-cage rotor l 45 . but fails when load is applied.1: Basic list of abnormalities. Align the drive. with no voltage. Locked rotor. Defective transmission or driven machine components. coupled or uncoupled. see also: "noisy operation when uncoupled". Rewind the stator. It starts very slowly and does not reach the rated rotation. Check the power cables.weg. Measure the power supply voltage and adjust the value correctly. CAUSES AND SOLUTIONS 10. When coupled. Incorrect balancing of the driven machine components. Check the power transmission. Gear transmission defect. The noise normally reduces when the motor speed decreases. Large voltage drop in the power cables. Localized hot spots on the rotor. Interruption of stator winding phases or parallel wires. Load torque is too high during start-up.). Very high no-load current. the noise appears.1 MOTORS NOTE Table 10. power supply cables and terminals. check relays. When uncoupled. Electrical causes. Remake the connection. etc. Wrong motor rotation direction. Invert the 2-phase connection.net 10 ABNORMALITIES. coupling and alignment. Unaligned/unleveled base. Unlock the rotor. Perform a new balancing process. The motor hums during start-up Check the control panel. Contact WEG. Do not apply load to the driven machine during start-up. Replace the bearing. Defective coupling.www. Mechanical causes. The noise disappears when the motor is shutdown. Repair the coupling. Motor does not start. causes and corrective measures ABNORMALITY POSSIBLE CAUSES CORRECTIVE MEASURE At least two power cables are interrupted. In case of doubts. One power cable was interrupted after the start-up. Check and fix the rotor winding.1 merely presents a basic list of abnormalities. Power supply voltage is too low. cable section. After applying a load. Unusual noise during operation with load. Remake the stator cable connections. Localized hot spots on the stator winding. Realign/level the motor and the driven machine. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . Check the installation dimensioning (transformer. Table 10. Rotor with defective or interrupted bars. Measure the power supply and adjust the value correctly. the noise disappears. Rotor bar interruptions. Power supply voltage is too high. causes and corrective measures. Short circuit between turns. Check and fix the rotor winding. Poor connection. circuit breakers. the stator current varies with twice as much as the build-up frequency. Damaged bearing.

operating conditions (vibrations.) and bearing conditions. Interruption in one phase of the stator winding. Analyze the motor application. unless specifically stated on the nameplate. incorrect command). Maintain the operating conditions according to the nameplate or reduce the load. Measure the current in all phases and correct it. Direction of rotation not compatible with the fan being used. Foundation resonance. Interruption on a power cable or winding phase. 46 I Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . etc. Deformed motor frame Bent shaft. Perform a new balancing process. Measure all connection cables’ currents. Check the base flatness. Balance the coupling. Rotor drags against the stator. Operating conditions are not in compliance with the data provided in the nameplate. Very low voltage and very high current CORRECTIVE MEASURE Clean the water pipes. The stator winding heats up when operating under load. Loose fixation screws. Unbalance. Check for shaft bending or bearing wearing. Adjust the foundation. The balancing conditions of the rotor get worse after the coupling is mounted. Unbalance in the power supply voltage (burnt fuse. Dirty windings. Non-uniform air gap. Check rotor balancing and run-out. Check the power supply voltage and the motor voltage drop. Analyze fan regarding the motor direction of rotation. Check for voltage unbalancing or operate with only two phases and correct the issue. Noisy operation when uncoupled. Tighten and lock the screws.www. Measure the stator current and reduce the load. Check the air gap. Clean the windings.Squirrel-cage rotor .net ABNORMALITY POSSIBLE CAUSES Insufficient cooling due to obstructed water pipes. Very high voltage with a subsequent increase in iron losses . Reduce the number of start-ups.weg. Overloading High number of start-ups or very high moment of inertia. if necessary. Do not exceed the rated voltage by 110%.

In certain cases. or any inadequate clearance in the bearing. Lack of maintenance during storage.weg. Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .net 10. Table 10.2: Basic list of issues related to bearings DEFECT The motor rumbles during operation. Wash and lubricate the bearings. Clean and replace the bearing insulation. Bearings heating up. especially on spare motors. if applicable. Dark lines close together or transversal grooves in the races. Excessive axial or radial belt strain . Replace the bearings. ATTENTION The motors described in this manual are constantly being improved. Bearing presents loud noises and increased heating. Recover the shaft seating and replace the bearing. Reduce the belt strain. Dark stains on one side of the ball race. Current flow through bearings. Examine driving and coupling connections. small chips in the grease. Excessive axial strain.www. Lack of grease. Sagged shaft/excessive vibration. Grooves in the races. formation of cracks in the races due to the lack of grease. Replace the bearings.Squirrel-cage rotor l 47 .2 merely present a basic list of issues related to bearings. Foreign bodies in the grease. Bearing mounted in a diagonal position. Apply insulation. especially when the motor has not been decommissioned for long periods of time. a bearing analysis from the manufacturer is required in order to ascertain the cause of the defect. Add grease to the bearings. DETERMINATION AND ELIMINATION Replace the bearings. Occasionally rotate the rotor to another position. Check the cause of the vibration and correct it. Cage corrosion. Moderate noises in the bearings. therefore. POSSIBLE CAUSES Damaged bearings. formation of grooves on the races. Excessive grease. the information provided herein is subject to modification without prior notice. Remove the grease drainage plug and run the motor until the excess grease has been removed. Correct the shaft and check the rotor balancing.2 BEARINGS NOTE The instructions in Table 10. Clean and re-apply grease according to the requirements. Punctiform markings in the case of ball bearings. dull points. Dent in the division of cylindrical elements. Hardened grease causing the ball bearings to lock up. External vibrations. Redirect the current to prevent it from passing through the bearing.

Jaraguá do Sul . There are no implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose that apply to this sale. Prefeito Waldemar Grubba. 3000 89256-900 . agent. WEG Equipamentos Elétricos S. written or oral.Brazil Phone: 55 (47) 3276-4002 Fax: 55 (47) 3276-4060 www. are warranted against defects in workmanship and materials for twelve (12) months from start-up date or eighteen (18) months from manufacturer shipment date. repair shop or other person is authorized to give any warranties on behalf of WEG nor to assume for WEG any other liability in connection with any of its products. modification. repair or any other cases originated from inadequate applications).www. any claims for consequential damages or labor costs. This constitutes WEG's only warranty in connection with this sale and is in lieu of all other warranties. arising directly or indirectly from the acts. operation.03/0709 48 I Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket . consequential expenses such as financial losses nor transportation costs as well as tickets and accommodation expenses of a technician when this is requested by the customer. use. when operated under the conditions stipulated by WEG in the operating manual for such product. including. Warranty is automatically cancelled.SC .A. The company will neither be responsible for any expenses incurred in installation.net 1013. International Division Av. neglect (including without limitation. this warranty does not apply to any product which has been subject to misuse. without limitation. adjustment. by reason of any breach of the express warranty described therein. replacement or repair of any product described in this quotation and sold or furnished by the company to the purchaser. inadequate maintenance. dealer.weg. omissions or negligence of the purchaser in connection with or arising out of the testing. removal from service. improper installation. expressed or implied. accident.weg. LIABILITY Except as specified in the foregoing paragraph entitled "Warranty Terms for Engineering Products". In case this happens without WEG's authorization. unless otherwise expressed in writing by WEG. when effected by WEG within the Warranty period do not give Warranty extension. The purchaser further hereby agrees to indemnify and hold the company harmless from any causes of action (other than cost of replacing or repairing the defective product as specified in the foregoing paragraph entitled "Warranty Terms for Engineering Products"). The repair and/or replacement of parts or components.net 11 WARRANTY These products. misapplication. the company shall have no obligation or liability whatsoever to the purchaser. However. No employee.Squirrel-cage rotor . whichever occurs first.

net NOTES Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .Squirrel-cage rotor l 49 .weg.www.

weg.Squirrel-cage rotor .net 50 I Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .www.

Squirrel-cage rotor l 51 .Jaraguá do Sul .Brasil Phone: 55 (47) 3276-4002 Fax: 55(47) 3276-4060 www.SC . Internation Division AV.A. Prefeito Waldemar Grubba. 3000 89256-900 .weg.weg.net Three-phase induction motors cooled by water jacket .net WEG Equipamentos Elétricos S.www.