Surface Preparation Guidelines

Good surface preparation is essential for the successful application of any protective coating. Prior to the application of any coating all oil, grease, old coatings and surface contaminants (such as mill scale and rust on steel, laitence on concrete and zinc salts on galvanised surfaces) must be removed from the substrate. The performance of any coating is directly dependent upon the correct and thorough preparation of the surface prior to coating.

I Steel
Some of the various methods of surface preparation of steel are described below, such as;

Removal of Surface Contaminants
The performance of protective coatings applied to steel is significantly affected by the condition of the steel substrate immediately prior to painting. The principal factors affecting performance are:

1. International Standard ISO 8504:1992(E). Preparation of
steel substrates before application of paints and related products - Surface preparation methods.

1. Surface contamination including salts, oil, grease, drilling
and cutting fluids

2. International Standards ISO 8501-1:1988(E) and ISO
8501-2:1994. Preparation of steel substrate before application of paints and related products – Visual assessment of surface cleanliness.

2. Rust and Mill scale 3. Surface Profile
The main objectives of surface preparation are to ensure that all surface contaminates have been removed to create a surface profile that allows the coating to adhere to the substrate. Recommended procedures are outlined in International Standard ISO 8504:1992 (E) and SSPC SP Specifications.

3. Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 (1967) - Pictorial Surface
Preparation Standards for Painting Steel Surfaces

Degreasing
Many surface contaminants can be removed by using solvent washing or degreasing. Once the area has been thoroughly washed it is essential that the area is wiped clean with clean rags. Recommended procedures are described in International Standard ISO 8504:1992(E) and SSPC-SP1.

Resimac Ltd, Knaresborough Technology Park Manse Lane, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire HG5 8LF Tel: 01765 677757 • Fax: 01765 677757 Email: info@resimac.co.uk • www.resimac.co.uk

Methods for hand tool cleaning are described in ISO 8501-1:1998 grade St2-B. 3. Knaresborough Technology Park Manse Lane. sanders. sharp peaks possibly leading to premature coating failure. However they may have been ingrained into the surface of the metal and will require sweating from the metal substrate.visual assessment of surface cleanliness. although there are many types of abrasive on the market Resichem recommends for the application of chemical and corrosion coatings angled grit should be used for cleaning and profiling of steel surfaces. therefore the product chosen will be influenced by chemical resistance and application time.co. Typical mesh size and max height of profile for angled grit Typical non metallic “copper slag” . Power Tool Cleaning Generally more effective and less time consuming than hand tool cleaning. metal slivers and sharp edges must be ground down after the blasting process as coatings tend to run away from sharp edges and will result in thinning of the paint surface.75-100 microns (3-4 mils). 1. rust and old paint can be removed from the surface using a wire brush. Knaresborough. . Other abrasives are proven to leave lower profiles and subsequently reduce the performance and adhesion of the product. sandpaper or scraper. Weld seams. C or D. Too low a profile may not provide a sufficient key for coating. One major drawback of power tools is to polish the surface of the metal rather than create a key. As mentioned above Resichem recommends the use of angled grit for the surface preparation of steel surfaces. 2. preparation of steel substrate before application of paints and related products . power tools such as grinders.uk Blast Cleaning The most effective method for removal of mill scale. This standard represents a slight extension of the Swedish Standard (SIS 05 59 00 (1967)). These may appear to be removed during the blasting process. while too high a profile may result in uneven coverage of high. This type of surface preparation will only remove surface contaminants that are visible to the eye and will not remove any ingrained contamination.resimac. Key areas to be considered during the blasting process are. For this particular type of surface preparation it is recommended that only Resichem MPSF (Manual Preparation Solvent Free) Chemical Coating and Resichem Aluprime are used. Resimac Ltd. rust and old coatings is to use abrasives. 1. grease and oils on the surface. For this particular type of surface preparation it is recommended that only Resichem MPSF (Manual Preparation Solvent Free) Chemical Coating and Resichem Aluprime are used. needle guns and power wire brushes will remove rust and mill scale but will not remove tightly adhered contaminants.Surface Preparation Guidelines Hand Tool Cleaning Loosely adhering mill scale. The primary standard used by Resichem for surface preparation is ISO 8501-1:1988(E).co. The presence of salts.5-2.0mm grain size For this particular type of surface preparation all of the Resichem products can be used. Weld spatter is proven to be one of the main reasons for failure and must be removed. as the spatter maybe poorly adhered to the steel surface. North Yorkshire HG5 8LF Tel: 01765 677757 • Fax: 01765 677757 Email: info@resimac.uk • www.

000psi). Resichem CRFX (Fast Curing Solvent Free Chemical Coating) and MPSF (Manual Preparation Solvent Free) Chemical Coating are used. Steel surfaces produced by hydroblasting do not look the same as those produced by dry abrasive blasting.resimac. Resichem CRXF (Fast Curing Solvent Free Chemical Coating) and MPSF (Manual Preparation Solvent Free) Chemical Coating are used.uk • www. For this particular type of surface preparation all of the Resichem products can be used. This is due to the water being unable to cut or deform the steel surface in the way abrasives can. To ensure UHPH produces the required surface profile for Resichem products it is advised to test a small area of the surface to check the original surface profile of the steel. the surface profile exposed by UHPH will have been produced by earlier preparation work. Flash rust is caused by the hydroblast steel drying and should be removed by hard bristle brush or by washing down with high pressure fresh water.co. Also while blasting the fluids wash out any contaminants embedded in the pitting and scarring on the surface of the steel. North Yorkshire HG5 8LF Tel: 01765 677757 • Fax: 01765 677757 Email: info@resimac. operating at pressures between 680 bar (10. For this particular type of surface preparation it is recommended that only Resichem CRSG (Spray Grade Solvent Free Chemical Coating).700 bar (25. a disadvantage of this technique is that the cleaned steel begins to rust rapidly after blasting and therefore it is essential that rust inhibitors are used in the wet abrasive mix.co. The energy created during the Ultra High Pressure Hydroblasting process can also cause the steel substrate to increase in temperature and therefore reduce the drying time of the steel prior to application of the coating.000psi). For this particular type of surface preparation it is recommended that only Resichem CRSG (solvent free epoxy chemical coating). Hydroblasted surfaces therefore tend look dull prior to flash rust.500bar (30. Hydroblasting does not produce a surface profile like blast abrasives. • Ultra high pressure hydroblasting.0002. or slurry blasting. however we recommend you seek advice from the Resimac technical team prior to application. No abrasive is included in the water and therefore eradicates problems caused by dust and the disposal of blasting abrasive. Resimac Ltd.Surface Preparation Guidelines Wet Abrasive Blasting Wet abrasive blasting uses slurry of water and abrasive rather than dry abrasive alone. • High pressure hydroblasting. operating at pressures above 1700 bar (25.uk . Hydroblasting Hydroblasting is considered to the most environmentally friendly method of surface preparation as it relies entirely on the energy of water striking the surface. There are two common types of hydroblasting.000psi) and 1. However. or by corrosion.000psi). Knaresborough Technology Park Manse Lane. Ultra High Pressure Hydroblasting The range of pressures used in UHPH are 2.000-36. The main advantage of this type of surface preparation is the eradication of dust from the application area. Knaresborough. ie during original fabrication work.

North Yorkshire HG5 8LF Tel: 01765 677757 • Fax: 01765 677757 Email: info@resimac. Scarifying – these machines include fast rotating hardened flails which remove old coatings and can be set to roughen the concrete surface at various depths 3. All the above surface preparation equipment should be equipped with dust vacuums to ensure that particulate dust and contaminants are kept to a minimum in the atmosphere and application area.Surface Preparation Guidelines I Concrete Surfaces To ensure a clean surface for the protective coating the concrete surface must be abraded using blasting. Knaresborough. As a general rule the more aggressive the environment the better the surface preparation required. Knaresborough Technology Park Manse Lane. this may cause an increase in the absorption rate of the surface and therefore affect the coverage rates of the coating. In some cases a primer maybe the most cost effective method of sealing the concrete surface prior to the application of the Resichem Chemical Resistant Coating.co.uk • www. For this particular type of surface preparation all of the Resichem products can be used. One point for consideration is the porosity of the concrete which can be increased as the surface is cleaned.uk Resimac Ltd. scarifying or grinding.co. The type of method used depends on the condition of the concrete surface and the working environment of the application. 1.co. therefore the product chosen will be influenced by chemical resistance and application time. Grinding – the most popular method of grinding concrete is using mechanical diamond grinders which scarify the surface of the concrete ensuring a good key and removing any loose material FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON PLEASE CONTACT THE Resimac Technical Centre on info@resimac.uk .resimac. Blasting – the concrete should be blast cleaned using a recoverable blasting unit 2.