IV. Literature under the Republic Summary The World is an Apple Alberto S.

Florentino Gloria and Mario are poor couple. Mario is an ex-convict, employed at the factory where he hauls boxes of apples. While Gloria on the other hand, stays at home to take care of their daughter Tita. At a sudden turn of event, Mario finds himself jobless because he is accused of stealing an apple. Feeling hopeless, Mario seeks the help of his old friend Tony. Mario joins Tony in his illegal activity, thinking that it s the only way to provide for his family despite his wife s protest. Analysis The two most evident social forces that are present in this work are those who are in power and those who are economically underprivileged. Those who are in power as represented by Mario s superior while Mario, represents those who are underprivileged. The author used Mario s condition to reveal this great divide between the powerful and the powerless, the moneyed and the poor. The text merely mirrors society s perception of the poor. Here, the poor are dubbed as thieves and criminals. These economic forces that were employed by the author influenced the lives of the characters in the text. The injustice that Mario suffered from work made him realize that an ex-convict will never be given a change to live a decent life. The author used Mario s situation to reveal his attitude towards society s prejudice with convicted criminals. Exconvicts are not given the change to change to become a better person; rather they carry the stigma of their tarnished reputation and even death will not be able to erase this. II. Spanish Time
Ili-ili tulog anay, Wala diri imo nanay. Kadto tienda bakal papay. Ili-ili tulog anay.

Literature during Spanish time is very rich in local color. They reflect the life, custom, and tradition of earlier Filipinos. Take for instance this Visayan folk song Ili-ili Tulog Anay . To a casual onlooker this is just an ordinary lullaby meant to put the baby to sleep. However, if closely examine this very short lines, and try to focus on the message of this song, one will be able to see several Filipino culture embedded in its lyrics. This is usually sung to a child if he gets restless especially when his mother is not home. It tells about the sacrifices that a mother is willing endure for her child. One might infer that the lines Wala diri imo nanay. Kadto tienda bakal papay means that the mother is working abroad or somewhere far from her child. She s willing to fight loneliness and home-sickness to earn money and to ensure that her child gets a better future. And when the day comes that she ll be able to go home and be with her child; she will bring with her the hard earned papay . III. Nationalistic Period Summary Fray Botod Graciano Lopez Jaena

This work was written during Spanish colonization. The survival of this book from burning tells us the about the desire of the Filipinos to propagate the sense of nationalism and to cultivate the great desire of being free from Spanish tyranny. This conversation is inspired when they saw Fray Botod slapping a girl at the plaza. The two then begin to sketch the image of Fray Botod.Fray Botod is a conversation between friends. Lopez Jaena s Fray Botod made the Spanish priests angry that they ordered the burning of this book even before it was published. They narrate his greed for food and money as well as his exploitation of women and how he does injustice to the indios on the pretext that it is the will of God. The novel ended when the two friends tried to confront the woman only to find out that she has gone mad. To say that it was not received well by the covenant of priests is an understatement. Analysis Graciano Lopez Jaena wrote Fray Botod when he was 18 years old. His interaction with the poor people in the village where he practiced medicine inspired him to come up with a satire about this pompous Spanish priest. . Lopez Jaena used his gift as an orator and a writer to reveal the injustice that his country suffered from the hand of these pious priests. one is a Filipino and the other is a liberal Spanish. He uses the Blessed Virgin to justify his barbaric deeds. He even says that the indios must show obedience for his interest is also the interest of Spain. He would spin web of lies to ensure that the people will follow his order. The novel reflects how the indios are treated unjustly by Botod. They were not successful in squashing the seed of rebellion because copies of this book survived and circulated among the indios. This novel embodies a power relation between the abusive priest or kura and the ignorant indios.

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