Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

The 49th Session of Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space 7-16 June, 2006

Kazuya Kaku
Office of Space Applications Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

Contents
1. What’s “Sentinel-Asia”?
1-1. Background / Philosophy / Framework 1-2. Main Activities 1-3. How it works (Information-sharing Platform)

2. What’s expected of you (Wanted data) 3. Future Evolution (After Sentinel-Asia) 4. Summary

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Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

Contents
1. What’s “Sentinel-Asia”?
1-1. Background / Philosophy / Framework 1-2. Main Activities 1-3. How it works (Information-sharing Platform)

2. What’s expected of you (Wanted data) 3. Future Evolution (After Sentinel-Asia) 4. Summary

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related governments. Australia Working Groups Earth Observation Communication Satellite Applications ISS Space Education & Awareness Sentinel Asia Project establishing Disaster Management Support System The 13th Session of APRSAF (APRSAF-13) 22-24 Nov. regional and international organizations. The Republic of Korea. [Participation] Space agencies. 2006 in Jakarta Indonesia 4 . Thailand.org/ Established in 1993 after the Asia-Pacific International Space Year Conference (APIC) in 1992 Enhance the development of space programs in the Asia-Pacific region and promote regional cooperation in the field of space technology and its applications. JAXA and co-host organizations Past co-organizers: Government entities of Mongolia. institutions responsible for applying space technology. [Organizers] MEXT. Malaysia.aprsaf.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency http://www.

discussed the pilot project plan. APRSAF-12. Nov 2004. May 2005. Oct 2005. hosted by MACRES(Malaysian Centre for Remote Sensing) and supported by ESCAP. Feb 2006. agreed that a coordinated rapid-response pilot project should be developed for effective disaster reduction in AsiaPacific region. Kitakyushu. discussed the project implementation plan and JPT membership. Malaysia. approved the plan and to initiate the pilot project. The 2nd Joint Project Team Meeting is planned for June 27-28. in Bangkok.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Development of Asian Project for Disaster Management Support • APRSAF-11. The 1st Joint Project Team Meeting. Thailand. (APRSAF: Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum) 5 • • • • • . JAXA hosted “Asian WS on Space Technology & Data Utilization for Disaster Management” with participation of ESCAP. Hanoi. Australia. At UN-WCDR. APRSAF technical WS “Disaster Reduction through Effective Space Technology Utilization in the Asia Pacific Region”. Jan 2005.

Voluntary initiative by participating organizations Framework • • • Cooperation among APRSAF. ADRC.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Philosophy • APRSAF(Space community) should contribute to disaster management in Asia-Pacific region aiming at: – To construct life first society by IT and Space technology – To improve speed and accuracy for disaster preparedness and early warning – To minimize victims and social economic losses • Stepwise approach: – Step1: Utilization of earth observation satellite data for disaster management. which is called “Sentinel-Asia Project” (2006-2007) – Step2: Utilization of satellite communications system besides earth observation satellites (2008-2009) – Step3: Establishment of comprehensive disaster management support system (2010. Digital Asia and international organizations Joint Project Team(JPT) consists of total 27 organizations including 23 agencies from 14 countries and 4 international organizations JAXA establishes two project offices in Tokyo and Bangkok 6 .) • Best-efforts.

Join Project Team. voluntary initiative by participating organizations Space Community APRSAF* Content Satellite Image Promotion of Utilization Capacity Building * Asian-Pacific Regional * Asian Disaster Space Agency Forum Reduction Center International Community UN / ESCAP  UN / OOSA ASEAN   AIT International Cooperation Sentinel-Asia Joint Project Team (JPT). consists of total 27 organizations including 23 agencies from 14 countries and 4 international organizations as of Feb. Disaster Reduction Community Digital Earth / Web-GIS Community Digital Asia Information Sharing Platform Web-GIS Data / Meta Data Management ADRC** Member Countries Content Disaster Information Content Digital Map Social / Economic Data Satellite Image ** Asian Disaster Reduction Center Utilization (User) 7 . 2006.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Framework of Sentinel-Asia Project Best-efforts.

UNESCO. UNU. WMO. 5 Advisor Countries. 1 Observer Pakistan * Implement Various Projects in cooperation with UN/ISDR. UN/OCHA. 8 .Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency ADRC Member Countries 25 Member Countries. etc. UN/ESCAP.

How it works (Information-sharing Platform) 2. What’s expected of you (Wanted data) 3. Background / Philosophy / Framework 1-2.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Contents 1. What’s “Sentinel-Asia”? 1-1. Future Evolution (After Sentinel-Asia) 4. Summary 9 . Main Activities 1-3.

ALOS accepts observation request from ADRC members .Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Main Activities .Emergency observation in case of major disasters by ALOS + ··· .Capacity building for utilization of satellite image for disaster management Operations will start in October 2006 10 .Flood monitoring .Wildfire monitoring by MODIS and NOAA .

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Overall Flow of Sentinel-Asia 11 .

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Emergency Observation Request for Major Disasters JAXA accepts ALOS observation request from ADRC member countries through ADRC Asian Disaster Management Agencies 25 ADRC member countries Disaster!! ADRC disaster information GIS service(public) Using satellite images Satellite image request ADRC (Asian Disaster Reduction Center) JAXA Order Desk Observation Planning ALOS data ALOS observation On-line satellite data provision (specific users) Disaster info management Internet access (in the future) Digital Asia info sharing platform other agencies' satellites 12 .

g. e. flood Wildfire map of Asia 13 . (Thailand) Map Overlaid Image Integration by Digital Asia Web-GIS interface (developed by Keio Univ.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Sentinel Asia (MODIS Wildfire Monitoring) Regional wildfire maps by MODIS CSIRO (Australia) MODIS data reception by ground stations And wildfire map generation Wildfire Location Satellite observation network Corps Location Base Location AIT/Tokyo Univ.) CRISP (Singapore) Future plan ・addition of wildfire agencies ・expansion to other disasters.

2006 14 .Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Bird’s eye view of landslide area in Leyte Island. Philippines observed by ALOS/PALSAR on 24 Feb.

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Mt. Merapi volcano. Indonesia observed by ALOS/AVNIR-2 on 16 May 2006 15 .

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Flood in northern Thailand observed by ALOS/PALSAR on 25 May 2006 16 .

Indonesia observed by ALOS/PALSAR and AVNIR-2 on 28 May 2006 compared with image of 16 May on the right 17 .Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Earthquake stricken area in Yogyakarta.

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Contents 1. Background / Philosophy / Framework 1-2. How it works (Information-sharing Platform) 2. What’s expected of you (Wanted data) 3. What’s “Sentinel-Asia”? 1-1. Summary 18 . Future Evolution (After Sentinel-Asia) 4. Main Activities 1-3.

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Information-sharing Platform Digital Asia (Internet-based Web-GIS) is used We can see satellite image overlaid on map with disaster-related information on Internet We can easily upload data by putting them on Digital Asia server (OGC-based) - 19 .

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Digital Asia Research Centre for Strategic Design. Keio University Academic Frontier Project. Private Company UN   UNESCO EOGEO WHO     UNU  FAO  UNEP  UN    GIS-WG 20 . Matching Fund Subsidy from MEXT (2004-2009) NASA  Maryland University JAXA “Proposed Alliance  Bridge” UMCP/GLCF EU/JRC UCL/CLASP CAS CASS    Digital Asia Node Network Keio/Digital Asia Research Center GSEC Spatial Data Infrastructure Global Digital Earth Network IGU ISPRS/ TCIV CEOS/WGISS SCOPE AIT Bangkok      CSIS    Kyodo News APRSAF Sentinel Asia (2006-7) Universe of Producers and Users Alliance with NGO.

Interoperability in Digital Asia Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Keio University Digital Earth Server User Interface Data Processing Metadata management External Information User Display Retrieval Overlay External Distributed External Distributed Database Database (OGC WMS/WCS/WFS*) (OGC WMS/WCS/WFS*) Internal Core Data Base Web-GIS Interoperable Data Services 21 .

From Organization B (HotSpot FTP Server) GPS Equipped mobile device registered Data through Digital Earth Server From Organization C From Organization D Satellite Image From Digital Earth Server in Keio From Organization E From Organization F Map Overlay From Digital Earth Server in Keio 22 .Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Overlay Processing of Digital Asia Retrieving by Space and Time From Organization A (population) Social / Economic Data Ground Truth. HotSpot etc.

… DEM.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Interoperability Mechanism of the DAN Client A Client A Any Generic Viewer Any Generic Viewer (supported OGC I/F) (supported OGC I/F) Client B Client B Digital Earth Viewer Digital Earth Viewer (Web browser) (Web browser) Application Services Application Services Digital Earth Server Digital Earth Server @ KEIO University @ KEIO University Open Application Interface (Java/JavaScript) Open Application Interface (Java/JavaScript) Core GIS Service Core GIS Service OGC Interfaces (WMS/WCS) OGC Interfaces (WMS/WCS) Catalog Service Catalog Service Vectors. 23 . Vectors. … Images Images Metadata Metadata ’s l ve r ser t i on oca Cascading WMS (CWMS) Minnesota Minnesota Map Server Map Server Server A Server A Minnesota Minnesota Map Server Map Server Server B Server B can aggregate the contents of several distinct WMSes into one service and behaves like a WMS to other clients. DEM.

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Sample Image : North Sumatra LANDSAT Image before and after Earthquake LANDSAT data stored in MapSarver at Keio Univ. 24 .

in Japan • Landslide Hazard Information by Gifu Pref.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Sample Image : Area of Steep Slope in Danger of Collapsing in Gifu Pref. • Digital Map with 50m mesh by Geography Network Japan 25 .

How it works (Information-sharing Platform) 2. 4. Background / Philosophy / Framework 1-2.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Contents 1. What’s expected of you (Wanted data) Future Evolution (After Sentinel-Asia) Summary 26 . What’s “Sentinel-Asia”? 1-1. Main Activities 1-3. 3.

Regional social / economic data - - 27 .Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Content (Sharing Data) Wanted!! Disaster information including on-site digital camera image Satellite image from space organizations Fine regional digital map from geography organizations etc.

3.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Contents 1. How it works (Information-sharing Platform) 2. What’s expected of you (Wanted data) Future Evolution (After Sentinel-Asia) Summary 28 . What’s “Sentinel-Asia”? 1-1. 4. Background / Philosophy / Framework 1-2. Main Activities 1-3.

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Sentinel-Asia Project Milestone 2005 2006 2007 Sentinel-Asia Project 2008 Disaster Management Support System (STEP2) APRSAF / JPT APRSAF-12 APRSAF-13 APRSAF-14 JPT#1 JPT#2 JPT#3 JPT#4 Digital Asia System Information Sharing Platform (by Keio Univ.. ADRC) update / maintenance update / maintenance ALOS Data Operation MODIS Data (for Wildfire Monitoring) JAXA Project Office In Tokyo In Asia 29 . Keio Univ.) ALOS Rapid Response System (by JAXA.

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA Vision of Disaster Management Support System in Asia-Pacific Region Positioning Satellites Very large mobile communication satellite Ultra high-speed communication satellite Earth observation satellites Disaster monitoring Data collection Information delivering to personal terminals Information center Ground observation network Residents in disaster areas Providing services directly to personal terminals in disaster areas 30 .

What’s expected of you (Wanted data) 3. Summary 31 . Future Evolution (After Sentinel-Asia) 4. Main Activities 1-3. Background / Philosophy / Framework 1-2. How it works (Information-sharing Platform) 2.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Contents 1. What’s “Sentinel-Asia”? 1-1.

・Regional social/economic data 32 .Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Summary 1°Sentinel-Asia Project was initiated for disaster management support in Asia-Pacific region under cooperation among APRSAF. Digital Asia and international organizations based on best-efforts and voluntary initiative 2°Main activities : Operations will start in Oct. 2006 ・Emergency observation in case of major disasters by ALOS + ・・ ・ALOS accepts observation request from ADRC members  ・Wildfire monitoring by MODIS and NOAA  ・Flood monitoring  ・Capacity building for utilization of satellite image for disaster management 3°Information-sharing platform ・Digital Asia ( Internet-based Web-GIS) is used ・We can see satellite image overlaid on map with disaster-related information on Internet ・We can easily upload data by putting them on Digital Asia server (OGC-based) 4°Content ( Sharing data) Wanted!! ・Disaster information including on-site digital camera image ・Satellite image from space organizations ・Fine regional digital map from geography organizations etc. ADRC.

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Thank you for your attention. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Office of Space Applications Sentinel-Asia Project Office E-mail : sentinel.asia@jaxa.jp .