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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

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1
2 Typical Code C7 Steam Turbine
3
4
5
6 Line Item Section Description
7
8 32 Trips *** WARNING ***
9 73 Main Steam Valve Testing This document provided for training only.
10 111 Bearing Temperature Monitor
Consult unit "As-Built" MKVI code when diagnosing site
11 165 TSI Monitor
12 226 Steam Temperature Monitoring specific problems
13 267 Emergency Trip System
14 299 Lube Oil System Monitoring
15 336 Hydraulic System Monitoring
16 350 Turning Gear
Steam Seal System Monitoring w/Exhaust Pressure
360
17 Protection
18 380 Aux Steam Valves * Items must be checked, they originate from the latest D11 Database
19 432 Hydrogen
20 490 Generator Excitation & Protection
21 541 Automatic Turbine Start
22 604 Miscellaneous Control Elements
23 673 MKVI Control Cabinet
24 688 MKVI Control Diagnostic Alarms
25
26
27
28
29 NOTE: This document is Proprietary & Confidential and should not be copied, or in any way transferred to other organizations without the written permission of GE. This
30
MKVI Software
Trip or Alarm Text Comment
31 Signal Name
32 * Master Protective Trip
33 * Aux Trip 1 L4TX1 Any Aux Trip #1
34 * Aux Trip 2 L4TX2 Any Aux Trip #2
35 * Aux Trip 3 L4TX3 Any Aux Trip #3
36 * Aux Trip 4 L4TX4 Any Aux Trip #4

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

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Primary OS setpoint is set by the constant KTNHOS
Primary Overspeed Latch Trip L12H
37 * (D11 = 110~112 % of rated speed)
Emergency OS is set by the constant KTNH_EOS_RPM
VPRO HP Overspeed Trip L12H_P
38 * (D11 = 110.5~112.5% of rated speed)
39 * Auxiliary Trip 1

< 6 psig as measured at unit turbine deck centerlline.


S1\L63QLT LUBE OIL PRESSURE LOW TRIP
PS-270B, C, D (opens-to-trip on decreasing 6 psig + / - 1 psig) OR PT-270A~C
40 *
FRS < 1650 psig for a 2400 psig system or 1100 psig for a 1600 psig system. MKVI
S1\L63HQLT HYDRAULIC FLUID PRESSURE LOW TRIP
41 * looks to PS-281D, E, & F OR PT-281-1,2,3 (median select)
Trip IF median of TE-211G,H,J exceeds 830F for 15 minutes
S1\L26HPEXT HP EXHAUST TEMP HIGH TRIP
42 * OR IF median exceeds 880F.
43 * S1\L26L1SLST L-1 STAGE STEAM TEMP TRIP Trip IF median of TE-213G,H,J exceeds 500F.
44 * S1\L26EXHT HIGH EXHAUST TEMPERATURE TRIP Trip IF median of TE-210A,B,C exceeds 225F.

Unit with VAN: Trip setpoint variable as a function of LP steam flow; PT-213A,B,C
AND exhaust pressure as per PT-213A,B,C. Refer to the unit specific GEK for a
curve.
Protection arms at speed > 300 rpm.
S1\L63EVT EXHAUST VACUUM TRIP non-Van; Trip setpoint is fixed. Control acts on the median of PT-213A, B, C.
Three (3) conditions must exist for a Unit Trip to initiate;
(1) Speed must equal or exceed 300 rpm
(2) Alarm level of 5.0inHgA must exist
(3) Trip level of 7.5inHgA must exist
45 *
Normal end of an "Off-Line ETD Test"
Off-Line ETD Test Trip L83ETDOF_TRP Off-Line ETD tests for each ETD in a 2-ETD system OR for each pair in a 2-out-
46 * 3 system should be conducted before each Turbine start
Normal end of an "Auto-Stop" rountine.
Once instigated an "Auto-Stop" routine unloads the unit at the rate of 20% per minute
AND at the end of 5 minutes issues a unit trip.
Shutdown Trip L1SDTRIP
The operator can manually issue an "Auto Stop" command at the HMI "Speed
Control" OR loss of Generator Protection can automatically issue an Auto-Stop if
47 * programmed.
48 * Auxiliary Trip 2
Unit trip is initiates when 2-out-of-3 primary speed pickups sense speed equal or less
than 0.06% of rated
HP - Zero Speed Trip L14HR L14HR = 1 (L14HR "picked-up")
Trip "drops-out" with 2-out-of-3 primary speed pickups sense speed equal or greater
49 * than 0.097% of rated (L14HR "dropped-out").
Not used on D11's.
TURBINE TRIP ON BYPASS ERROR Unit is above 75% rated speed and control logic has failed to select either Bypass
50 * (Reverse) or Forward Flow. Logic investigation is needed.

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

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L14HP is true when Primary Speed Probes sense unit speed equals or exceeds
15% of rated. L14HP reverts to false when speed equals or drops below 10% of
HP - Turbine Speed Trip L14HP
rated. Background toggles to RED when a TRIP condition exists. Primary speed
51 * probes ST-201A, B, C
Logicals L14HP AND L14H_ZE must both be "true" or "picked-up" for a Unit
52 * "AND" TRIP to initiate.
L14H_ZE is true if 2-out-of-3 Emergency Speed Probes have no speed signal.
VPRO HP Zero Speed L14H_ZE Background toggles to RED when a TRIP condition exists. Emergency speed
53 * probes ST-202A, B, C
54 * Auxiliary Trip 3
Failure of Emergency Overspeed probes AND/OR MKVI VPRO components.
HP Accel/Decel Rate Too High L12H_ACC_DEC Undertake a RCA investigation and resolve before any re-start.
55 * (speed probes ST-202A, B, C)
Trip via a Manually activated pushbutton.
Manual trip pushbuttons wire in series fashion directly to MKVI. Open-to-Trip.
Manual Emerg. Trip Circuit Activated L5E
Typically they can be found at the ST front standard, MKVI Panel front, and adjacent
56 * to the operators control room monitors.
Trip initiated from Plant Distributed Control System.
These trips are beyond the scope of GE Steam Turbine or Generator Engineering
and so specified by the owner/end user. Operators should investigate and develop a
Process Trip From BOP DCS L5E_DCS
complete list of all possible situations which can produce an L5E_DCS trip.
Typically a closed contact which is open to Trip. Site specific situations should be
57 * verified.
Unit Trip initiated via Generator Protection at GP2100.
GE can supply protection relay hardware AND engineer relay settings, OR both
hardware and settings may be supplied by others. Often, realy protection hardware is
purchased from GE with relay settings engineered by others. Units vary widely in this
regard.
Unit Trip Via L86G1A Lockout Relay L86TGT Operators should question which specific relays are used, and so which specific
relays initiate a trip.
A list should be developed. See GEK-75512 for a discussion with regards "Generator
Protection".
In any case the specific cause of the trip should be fully understood before any
58 * reset is permitted.
59 * GSU Transformer Lockout Trip L86TT Unit Trip initiated via Generator Protection at GP2100.
60 * Gen Breaker Failure Lockout Relay Trip L86BFT Unit Trip initiated via Generator Protection at GP2100.
61 * Unit Trip Via L86G1B Lockout Relay L86G1B Unit Trip initiated via Generator Protection at GP2100.
Primary & Emergency Speed signals deviate by more than 5%.
Speed Deviation Above Limit - Trip L14TNH_DEV Fully investigate both Primary and Emegency Speed channels and produce an Root
62 * Cause Analysis before any re-start
63 * Auxiliary Trip 4

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

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2 out of 3 axial position probes located at the thrust bearing see the rotor beyond
Axial Position Trip L39AXT safe operating limits for more than 1 second.
64 * Position problem could be on the Active or Inactive side of the thrust
65 * Axial Probes Failed Trip L39AXFT 2-out-of-3 probes loacted at the thrust bearing fail for longer than 1 second.
A Trip will initiate if one probe fails and a second probe indicates an actual trip
Axial Probes Failed or Position Trip L39APFT
66 * condition exists; thrust bearing.
A Short or Long Differentail Trip situation has existed for more than 10 seconds and
Differentail Expansion Trip 1 L39DE1T
67 * the unit will be tripped
Any one or more of the 12 channels
(X & Y channels at Brg's #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, #6)
indicates shaft radial vibration in excess of 9 mils pk-pk
Vibration Trip L39VT (shaft motion relative to bearing in one revolution)
Note; all channels are monitored for fault conditions. Channels WILL NOT initiate a
Unit Trip if in "fault". An Alarm will initiate alerting to the operator that a channel is in
68 * "fault".
69 * Rotor Expansion Trip L39RE1T Rotor indicates beyond safe limits; Long or Short for more than 10 seconds.
70 *
71 *
72 Main Steam Valve Testing
73 MSCV & CRV (IV~RSV) Valve Testing
SV Trip Closing Rate Check SV must be closed 1 second after a Trip
S1\L30MSV1_F MSV #1 FAILURE - CLOSING TIME TOO LONG command is issued. Valve failed to close quickly, Investigate. This test is
74 separate from the daily on-line valve tests.
75 S1\L30MSV2_F MSV #2 FAILURE - CLOSING TIME TOO LONG same as above
76
Associated with a recommended "Daily" On-line test. Following a test
S1\L30CV1TF CONTROL VALVE #1 TEST FAILED start, the CV or IV has 15 seconds to reach full closed position. CV or IV
77 failed to close in 15 seconds. Investigation required.
78 S1\L30CV2TF CONTROL VALVE #2 TEST FAILED same as above
79
Associated with a recommended "Daily" On-line test. Once the FASV
(Fast Acting Solenoid Valve) is activated the CV or IV must be closed within
S1\L30CV1QC_F CV1 QUICK CLOSE SOLENOID FAILURE
0.2 Seconds. Valve did not close fast enough following activation of the
80 FASV. Investigation required.
81 S1\L30CV2QC_F CV2 QUICK CLOSE SOLENOID FAILURE same as above
82
Associated with a recommended "Daily" On-line test. CV or IV must
S1\L30CV1TM CV #1 MAINTENANCE REQUIRED remain closed while the MSV test is in progess. The CV or IV has re-
83 opened prematurely. Investigation is required.
84 S1\L30CV2TM CV#2 MAINTENANCE REQUIRED same as above
85

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

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Associated with a recommended "Daily" On-line test. Once the FASV
(Fast Acting Solenoid Valve) is activated the SV should be closed within 0.2
S1\L30MSV1DT_F MSV #1 DUMP TEST SOLENOID FAILURE
Seconds. Timing Problem, valve did not close fast enough following
86 activation of the FASV. Investigation required.
87 S1\L30MSV2DT_F MSV #2 DUMP TEST SOLENOID FAILURE same as above
88
Associated with a recommended "Daily" On-line test. MSV or RSV
Test starts when CV or IV indicates it's at closed position, the MSV or RSV
S1\L30MSV1TF MSV #1 TEST FAILED TO CLOSE IN TIME
has 10 seconds to reach full closed position. MSV or RSV failed to close in
89 10 seconds. Investigation required.
90 S1\L30MSV2TF MSV #2 TEST FAILED TO CLOSE IN TIME same as above
91
92 Admission or LP Stop Valve
SV Trip Closing Rate Check SV must be closed 1 second after a Trip
S1\L30ASV1_F ASV #1 FAILED TO TRIP IN TIME command is issued. Valve failed to close quickly, Investigate. This test is
93 separate from the daily on-line valve tests.
SV open & closed limit switches indicate that the ASV is both "openned" &
S1\L30ASV1L ASV #1 LIMIT SWITCH TROUBLE
94 "closed" at the same time. Investigation is required.
Associated with a recommended "Daily" On-line test. Following a test
S1\L30ASV1TF ADMISSION STOP VALVE #1 TEST FAILED start, the ASV has 11 seconds to reach full closed position. ASV failed to
95 close in 11 seconds. Investigation required.
96
97
98 Bearing Temperature Monitor
99 Journal Bearing Drain Oil and Bearing Metal
100 S1\L26G1DA BEARING #1 OIL DRAIN TEMPERATURE HIGH >175F (79.5C)
101 S1\L26G2DA BEARING #2 OIL DRAIN TEMPERATURE HIGH >175F (79.5C)
102 S1\L26G3DA BEARING #3 OIL DRAIN TEMPERATURE HIGH >175F (79.5C)
103 S1\L26G4DA BEARING #4 OIL DRAIN TEMPERATURE HIGH >175F (79.5C)
104 S1\L26G5DA BEARING #5 OIL DRAIN TEMPERATURE HIGH >175F (79.5C)
105 S1\L26G6DA BEARING #6 OIL DRAIN TEMPERATURE HIGH >175F (79.5C)
> 240F (115.5C) Investigate immediately.
Trend and prepare to reduce load.
106 S1\L26G1MA BEARING #1 METAL TEMPERATURE HIGH See GEK-92569 III Op's Recommendations
107 S1\L26G2MA BEARING #2 METAL TEMPERATURE HIGH see above
108 S1\L26G3MA BEARING #3 METAL TEMPERATURE HIGH see above
> 225F (107C) Investigate immediately.
109 S1\L26G4MA BEARING #4 METAL TEMPERATURE HIGH Trend and prepare to reduce load. See GEK-63390
110 S1\L26G5MA BEARING #5 METAL TEMPERATURE HIGH see above
111 S1\L26G6MA BEARING #6 METAL TEMPERATURE HIGH see above

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> 260F (126.7C) Reduce Load Immediately,
until such time as temperatures are normal. Trend for further investigation.
112 S1\L26G1MT BEARING #1 METAL TEMPERATURE HIGH HIGH See GEK-92569 III Op's Recommendations
113 S1\L26G2MT BEARING #2 METAL TEMPERATURE HIGH HIGH see above
114 S1\L26G3MT BEARING #3 METAL TEMPERATURE HIGH HIGH see above
> 250F (121 C) Reduce Load Immediately
until such time as temepratures are normal. Trend for further investigation.
115 S1\L26G4MT BEARING #4 METAL TEMPERATURE HIGH HIGH See GEK-63390
116 S1\L26G5MT BEARING #5 METAL TEMPERATURE HIGH HIGH 250F (121 C)
117 S1\L26G6MT BEARING #6 METAL TEMPERATURE HIGH HIGH 250F (121 C)
118 Journal Bearing Spike Monitor
Pre-Alarm = 12F (6.6C) spike over a 1 minute sample time
S1\L26JBS1A JOURNAL BEARING #1 TEMP HIGH PRE-ALARM
119 (normalized for LO temperature over the sample period)
120 S1\L26JBS2A JOURNAL BEARING #2 TEMP HIGH PRE-ALARM see above
121 S1\L26JBS3A JOURNAL BEARING #3 TEMP HIGH PRE-ALARM see above
122 S1\L26JBS4A JOURNAL BEARING #4 TEMP HIGH PRE-ALARM see above
123 S1\L26JBS5A JOURNAL BEARING #5 TEMP HIGH PRE-ALARM see above
124 S1\L26JBS6A JOURNAL BEARING #6 TEMP HIGH PRE-ALARM see above
HI Alarm = 15F (8.3C) spike over a 1 minute sample period.
Investigation warranted before next start-up. Possible wiped babbit. See
S1\L26JBS1HA JOURNAL BEARING #1 TEMP HIGH ALARM
GEK-72345 Appendix A. Alarm temperature is normalized for any
125 changes in LO over the duration of the sample.
126 S1\L26JBS2HA JOURNAL BEARING #2 TEMP HIGH ALARM see above
127 S1\L26JBS3HA JOURNAL BEARING #3 TEMP HIGH ALARM see above
128 S1\L26JBS4HA JOURNAL BEARING #4 TEMP HIGH ALARM see above
129 S1\L26JBS5HA JOURNAL BEARING #5 TEMP HIGH ALARM see above
130 S1\L26JBS6HA JOURNAL BEARING #6 TEMP HIGH ALARM see above
Notes (1) Code C7's use either 2, or 4 Metal TE's per side. In the 2 per
side configuration TE's are placed Upper & Lower. In the 4 per
configuration we use Upper, Lower, Left & Right.
Thrust Bearing
(2) Code C7 ..."Active" = TE (Turbine End) ... "Inactive" = GE (Generator
End).
131 (3) Manage temperatures as per GEK-100454 "IV. Operation"
132 Direct Reading TE's
Highest TE on this side > 225F (107C)
S1\L26TAMA THRUST BEARING ACTIVE METAL TEMP HIGH
133 Trend and monitor closely. Prepare to reduce load.
134 S1\L26TIMA THRUST BEARING INACTIVE METAL TEMP HIGH see above
Highest TE on this side > 250F (121C).
S1\L26TAMT THRUST BRG ACTIVE METAL TEMP HIGH HIGH Reduce load immediately until such time as metal temperature drops
135 to normal. Trend for later analysis.
136 S1\L26TIMT THRUST BRG INACTIVE METAL TEMP HIGH HIGH see above

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Notes to TBMON "Differential" function...
Alarms indicates a differential temperature problem.
Thrust Bearing Monitor Individual TC temperatures, on a given side, inactive or active, are not
uniform and so have a differential. Likely this indicates misalignment
137 between the thrust runner or thrust collar and the bearing.
138 S1\L26TBFDA TB MONITOR-FRONT DIFF TEMP PRE-ALARM Delta between Highest & Lowest TC > 28F (15.5C).
139 S1\L26TBRDA TB MONITOR-REAR DIFF TEMP PRE-ALARM see above
Delta between Highest & Lowest TC > 30F (16.6C).
S1\L26TBFDHA TB MONITOR-FRONT DIFF TEMP ALARM Reduce load immediately until such time as metal temperature drops
140 to normal. Trend for later analysis.
141 S1\L26TBRDHA TB MONITOR-REAR DIFF TEMP ALARM see above
C7's DO NOT USE the TBMON "Norm-Max" function...
"NORM-MAX" Alarms... "TBMON" function looks at Brg Metal AND Lube
Oil Cooler outlet temperatures. Metal temps are corrected around 115F.
142 See GEK-46382F section IIIE.
143 S1\L26TBFA TB MONITOR-NORM MAX FRONT TEMP PRE-ALARM see above
144 S1\L26TBRA TB MONITOR-NORM MAX REAR TEMP PRE-ALARM see above
145 S1\L26TBFHA TB MONITOR-NORM MAX FRONT TEMP ALARM see above
146 S1\L26TBRHA TB MONITOR-NORM MAX REAR TEMP ALARM see above
147
148 Drain Oil
149 S1\L26TIDA INACTIVE THRUST BEARING OIL TEMP HIGH >175F (79.5C)
150 S1\L26TADA ACTIVE THRUST BEARING OIL TEMP HIGH >175F (79.5C)
151
152
153 TSI Monitor
Zero benchmark position for ST Rotors = center of the thrust bearing
clearance. Thrust clearance will be verified at site via a "bump-test" after
Thrust Position the bearing is assembled.
Design thrust clearance for a Code C7 is typically 14~16 mils; this will
154 need to be verified on a site specific basis.
155 S1\L30AXA AXIAL POSITION HIGH - ACTIVE …+30 mils…
156 S1\L30AXAT AXIAL POSITION TRIP - ACTIVE …+35 mils…
157 S1\L30AXI AXIAL POSITION HIGH - INACTIVE ...-30 mils…
158 S1\L30AXIT AXIAL POSITION TRIP - INACTIVE ...-35 mils…
159
(setpoints in mils apply to 270T776, other units may vary
DXD between Journal Bearings #2 & #3
160 ref: Control Spec ML-HAU 365A4396)
"Long" indicates rotor movement away from the thrust bearing.
S1\L30DE1LA DIFFERENTIAL EXPANSION #1 LONG Plus (+) is used to denote a Rotor Long situation
161 …+ 228 mils...

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162 S1\L30DE1LT DIFFERENTIAL EXPANSION #1 LONG TRIP …+258 mils… ( a 10 second time delay is in use)
"Short" indicates rotor movement towards the thrust bearing.
S1\L30DE1SA DIFFERENTIAL EXPANSION #1 SHORT Minus (-) is used to denote a Short Rotor situation
163 …-136 mils...
164 S1\L30DE1ST DIFFERENTIAL EXPANSION #1 SHORT TRIP …-166 mils… ( a 10 second time delay is in use)
165
166 Eccentricity
***High Eccentricity is a leading cause of failed starts***.
Operators should closely monitor their unit specific situation and restart with
low values of eccentricity.
In the past C7's set the alarm setpoint at; "last best value" plus 2 mils.
S1\L30ECH ECCENTRICITY HIGH Presently all MKVI are shipped with the setpoint at 2 mils. Unit specific
setpoints are adjusted on a case by case basis with assistance from GE.
This is done in attempt to reduce failed starts. Ref. to Basic SALI GEK-
100475 50Hz for further advise with regards Turning Gear operation.
167 C7's monitor eccentricity at the front standard.
168
169 RXD between Journal Bearings #4 & #5
"Long" indicates rotor movement away from the thrust bearing.
S1\L30RE1LA ROTOR EXPANSION #1 LONG Plus (+) is used to denote a Rotor Long situation
170 …+404 mils...
171 S1\L30RE1LT ROTOR EXPANSION #1 LONG TRIP …+434 mils… ( a 10 second time delay is in use)
"Short" indicates rotor movement towards the thrust bearing.
S1\L30RE1SA ROTOR EXPANSION #1 SHORT Minus (-) is used to denote a Short Rotor situation
172 …-178 mils...
173 S1\L30RE1ST ROTOR EXPANSION #1 SHORT TRIP …-208 mils… ( a 10 second time delay is in use)
174
175 Radial Vibration
> 6 mils Pk-Pk
S1\L39VA1A HIGH VIBRATION - BEARING #1
176 Shaft movement relative to bearing in one revolution.
177 S1\L39VA2A HIGH VIBRATION - BEARING #2 see above
178 S1\L39VA3A HIGH VIBRATION - BEARING #3 see above
179 S1\L39VA4A HIGH VIBRATION - BEARING #4 see above
180 S1\L39VA5A HIGH VIBRATION - BEARING #5 see above
181 S1\L39VA6A HIGH VIBRATION - BEARING #6 see above
182 S1\L39VT1A HIGH VIBRATION TRIP - BEARING #1 see above
183 S1\L39VT2A HIGH VIBRATION TRIP - BEARING #2 see above
184 S1\L39VT3A HIGH VIBRATION TRIP - BEARING #3 see above
185 S1\L39VT4A HIGH VIBRATION TRIP - BEARING #4 see above
186 S1\L39VT5A HIGH VIBRATION TRIP - BEARING #5 see above
187 S1\L39VT6A HIGH VIBRATION TRIP - BEARING #6 see above

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188
189 Prox. Probe Faults
S1\L39VF1 AXIAL POSITION PROBE #1 FAILURE See Logic on Trip Check Database. Investigate as soon as time permits
190
191 S1\L39VF2 AXIAL POSITION PROBE #2 FAILURE see above
192 S1\L39VF3 AXIAL POSITION PROBE #3 FAILURE see above
193 S1\L39AXFT AXIAL PROBES FAILED - TRIP
194
Faulty proximitor or probe, wiring issue, loose connection between MKVI &
BNC module. Both the monitoring function (alarm) and protection
S1\L39VF1X VIBRATION TRANSDUCER FAULT 1X
function (trip) are inhibited while this alarm is active. Investigate
195 immediately
196 S1\L39VF1Y VIBRATION TRANSDUCER FAULT 1Y see above
197 S1\L39VF2X VIBRATION TRANSDUCER FAULT 2X see above
198 S1\L39VF2Y VIBRATION TRANSDUCER FAULT 2Y see above
199 S1\L39VF3X VIBRATION TRANSDUCER FAULT 3X see above
200 S1\L39VF3Y VIBRATION TRANSDUCER FAULT 3Y see above
201 S1\L39VF4X VIBRATION TRANSDUCER FAULT 4X see above
202 S1\L39VF4Y VIBRATION TRANSDUCER FAULT 4Y see above
203 S1\L39VF5X VIBRATION TRANSDUCER FAULT 5X see above
204 S1\L39VF5Y VIBRATION TRANSDUCER FAULT 5Y see above
205 S1\L39VF6X VIBRATION TRANSDUCER FAULT 6X see above
206 S1\L39VF6Y VIBRATION TRANSDUCER FAULT 6Y see above
207
208 S1\L39ECF ECCENTRICITY PROBE FAILURE
209
210 S1\L39RXD1AF RXD 1A POSITION PROBE FAILURE
211 S1\L39RXD1BF RXD 1B POSITION PROBE FAILURE
212
213
214 Steam Temperature Monitor
215 Low Pressure Exhaust
The median of TE-210-A, B, C has exceeded 200F. The operator needs to
take immediate action as LP Exhaust Hood temperature can climb quickly.
MONITOR.L26LPA_A LPA HIGH EXHAUST TEMPERATURE ALARM
If hood sprays are fully operational, increase vacuum, or increase steam
216 flow (Load) or both.
217 MONITOR.LEXHTH_OUT
EXHAUST HOOD TEMPERATURE HIGH see above
The median of TE-210-A, B, C has exceeded 225F, this is an
S1\L26EXHT HIGH EXHAUST TEMPERATURE TRIP
218 instantaneous Trip.
219 MONITOR.L26LPA_T LPA HIGH EXHAUST TEMPERATURE TRIP see above
220 Thermocouple Faults - I&C Problems

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

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TE-200-1 & 2; one or both exceed HI or LO limits OR while within limits
they exceed the max spread of 25F. MKVI works on the average of both as
S1\L30TTIS INLET STEAM TC PROBLEM long as they differ by no more than 25F and are within HI & LO limits.
NOTE: The ATS sequence must have at least one good Main Steam Inlet
221 TC to initiate an Auto-Start.
TE-203A, C, or D have no input to the MKVI.
Upper TE-203A is compared to both Lowers TE-203C & D for...
S1\L301SB_TCF_A 1ST STAGE BOWL TC FAILURE "Water Detection" Alarms
Lowers TE-203C & D are averaged to produce...
222 "1st Stage Metal for Control Start"
TE-227-1 & 2; one or both exceed HI or LO limits OR while within limits
they exceed the max spread of 20F. MKVI works on the average of both as
S1\L30LPAS LP ADMISSION STEAM TC PROBLEM
long as they differ by no more than 20F and are within HI & LO limits.
223 NOTE: Monitoring only.
224 S1\L26LPAS_SPD LP ADMISSION STEAM TEMP SPREAD EXCEEDED TE-227-1 & 2; TC exceed the max spread of 20F.
The spread from highest to lowest exceeds 30F.
S1\L30TTEXH EXHAUST TC PROBLEM
225 NOTE: Units TRIPS on the median of TE-210A,B,C.
Water induction events should be examined closely. Performance and unit
mechanical intregity are compromised. In general it's best to continue with
operation as typically the alarms are short lived, immediate shutdown is
rarely benefical. There is little the ST Control can do to prevent water
induction. The alarm serves to alert Operations personnel that plant wide
Water Induction Warnings
changes are needed. A root cause analysis should be conducted to
determine what plant wide corrective actions are needed. Alarm spreads
are initially set at 50F but can be adjusted upwards to as much as 100F if
investigations warrant. GEK-72286 discusses adjustment. Contact GE for
226 assistance if needed. Water induction is a serious problem.

MKVI monitors three 1st Stage Bowl Metal TE's for indications of Water.
S1\L30WD1S_SPD WATER DETECT STG 01 TEMP SPREAD EXCEEDED An alarm is issued whem TE-203A Upper is 50F higher than either of the
227
two lower elements; TE-203C or TE-203D.
228
229
230 Emergency Trip System (ETD)
231 2-Out-Of-3 System
Off-Line Test 3~1 Problem. Emergency Trip Header failed to trip (PS-282
S1\L30ETD1_DOF HYD TRIP HEADER TRIP TIME EXCESSIVE still closed) 750 msec after MKVI sequencing commanded a release (trip)
of ETD#1. During this test ETD #3 must first trip for the test to continue to
232 an ETD #1 trip.

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

A B C D
Off-Line Test 1~2 Problem. Emergency Trip Header failed to trip (PS-282
S1\L30ETD2_DOF HYD TRIP HEADER TRIP TIME EXCESSIVE still closed) 750 msec after MKVI sequencing commanded a release (trip)
of ETD#2. During this test ETD #1 must first trip for the test to continue to
233 an ETD #2 trip.
Off-Line Test 2~3 Problem. Emergency Trip Header failed to trip (PS-282
S1\L30ETD2_DOF HYD TRIP HEADER TRIP TIME EXCESSIVE still closed) 750 msec after MKVI sequencing commanded a release (trip)
of ETD#3. During this test ETD #2 must first trip for the test to continue to
234 an ETD #3 trip.
Off-Line Test 3~1 Problem. During the ETD Off-Line Test the two ETD’s
are sequentially de-energized (tripped). The OFF-Line Test 3~1 first de-
energizes ETD #3. If the Emergency Trip Header "trips” due to this action
S1\L30ETD12_FA UNEXPECTED TRIP - PROBLEM W/ETD 1 OR 2 (PS-282 opens) then a problem exists either ETD #1 or #2. They should
have prevented the hydraulic header from tripping when ETD #3 was
released. The trip following release of ETD#3 is then is an “unexpected”
235
result.
Off-Line Test 1~2 Problem. During the ETD Off-Line Test the two ETD’s
are sequentially de-energized (tripped). The OFF-Line Test 1~3 first de-
energizes ETD #1. If the Emergency Trip Header "trips” due to this action
S1\L30ETD23_FA UNEXPECTED TRIP - PROBLEM W/ETD 2 OR 3 (PS-282 opens) then a problem exists either ETD #2 or #3. They should
have prevented the hydraulic header from tripping when ETD #1 was
released. The trip following release of ETD#1 is then is an “unexpected”
236
result.
Off-Line Test 2~3 Problem. During the ETD Off-Line Test the two ETD’s
are sequentially de-energized (tripped). The OFF-Line Test 2~3 first de-
energizes ETD #2. If the Emergency Trip Header "trips” due to this action
S1\L30ETD31_FA UNEXPECTED TRIP - PROBLEM W/ETD 3 OR 1 (PS-282 opens) then a problem exists either ETD #3 or #1. They should
have prevented the hydraulic header from tripping when ETD #2 was
released. The trip following release of ETD#2 is then is an “unexpected”
237
result.
ON-Line ETD#1 "or" OFF-Line ETD#1~2 Test Problem. ETD #1 failed to
S1\L30ETD1DO_FA ETD #1 TRIP TIME EXCESSIVE
238 "trip" within 750 msec of Test start.
ON-Line ETD#2 "or" OFF-Line ETD#2~3 Test Problem. ETD #2 failed to
S1\L30ETD2DO_FA ETD #2 TRIP TIME EXCESSIVE
239 "trip" within 750 msec of Test start.
ON-Line ETD#3 "or" OFF-Line ETD#3~1 Test Problem. ETD #3 failed
S1\L30ETD3DO_FA ETD #3 TRIP TIME EXCESSIVE
240 to "trip" within 750 msec of Test start.
ON-Line Test ETD #1 Problem. ETD #1 failed to Reset within 750 msec
S1\L30ETD1PU_FA ETD #1 RESET TIME EXCESSIVE
241 when commanded
ON-Line Test ETD #1 Problem. ETD #2 failed to Reset within 750 msec
S1\L30ETD2PU_FA ETD #2 RESET TIME EXCESSIVE
242 when commanded
ON-Line Test ETD #1 Problem. ETD #3 failed to Reset within 750 msec
S1\L30ETD3PU_FA ETD #3 RESET TIME EXCESSIVE
243 when commanded
244

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A B C D
245 Emergency Trip Supply (ETS) Header
"Emergency Trip Supply" header (or FSS) supplies fluid needed to "reset"
hydraulic relays located on the MCV's, MSV's and ASV.
The ETS header, (or FSS) is always in one of two possible states;
"Tripped" or "Reset".
Switch PS-282 (NC) monitors the "ETS" header (FSS Fluid).
S1\L63HQET EMERGENCY TRIP HEADER TRIPPED
PS-282 indicates ETS (FSS) Tripped on decreasing 200 psig
PS-282 indicates ETS (FSS) Reset on increasing 300 psig
MCV's, MSV's and the ASV should immediately close on a Trip.
In a 3 ETD system, any 2 energized & healthy ETD's will allow the ETS
246 (FSS) header to pressurize.
247
248
249 Lube Oil System Monitoring
250 Vapor Extractor
tank vacuum via PS-271G < 3.5" H2OVac
( 8.78 mBarVac ~ 1004.5 mBarAbs )
S1\L30QVLA LUBE OIL TANK LOW VACUUM
with either AC Bearing Pump or EBOP running.
251 PS-271G should clear the alarm when > 4.0" H2OVac ( 9.9 mBarVac ).
252 Lube Oil Pumps
15 seconds since a start was requested via the HMI test PB and still no
S1\L30Q_T_F AC LUBE OIL PUMP TEST FAILED Pump Start. This requires timely investigation. The design intent is that
253 both AC Lube Oil Pumps be healthy at all times.
LO Temperatures are discussed in GEK-72345
(1) Turning Gear 80~90 F ( 26.6 ~ 32.2 C )
(2) Normal Ops is 110~120F ( 43~49 C )
Lube Oil Coolers
(3) Typical Brg rise 25~50 F ( 14~28 C)
(4) On Master Reset (KLOTC_RESET) to 120 F ( 48.8 C )
254 (5) On Trip (KLOTC_TG) to 85F ( 29.4C )
Median of TE-260B,J,K is outside the High & Low limits of 130F and 75F.
The MKVI will not execute in Auto.
S1\L30LOCO_F LO COOLER OUT TEMP TROUBLE - MAN SELECT
Operator will need to use the local TI-260B as a guide an manually
255 adjust Lube Oil Temp.
Median of TE-260B,J,K is outside the High & Low limits of 130F and 75F.
The MKVI will not execute in Auto.
S1\L30LOCO_INV LO COOLER OUT TC INVALID/OUT OF RANGE
Operator will need to use the local TI-260B as a guide an manually
256 adjust Lube Oil Temp.
257 S1\L30LOCO_SPD LUBE OIL COOLER OUTLET HI TC SPREAD TE-260B,J,K deviate by > 10F (5.5C)
258 S1\L30LOTC_MAN LUBE OIL TEMP CONTROL IN MANUAL
259 S1\L26LOCOHA LUBE OIL OUTLET TEMPERATURE HIGH Median of TE-260B,J,K Lube Oil at Cooler Outlet > 130F (54.4C)
260 S1\L26LOCOHT LUBE OIL OUTLET TEMPERATURE HIGH HIGH Median of TE-260B,J,K Lube Oil at Cooler Outlet > 140F (60C)

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

A B C D
261 Filters
262 S1\L63QDF1A LUBE OIL FILTER #1 DIFF PRESS HIGH PS-271A. Alarm on increasing 15 psid (reset on 11 psid)
263 S1\L63QDF2A LUBE OIL FILTER #2 DIFF PRESS HIGH PS-271B. Alarm on increasing 15 psid (reset on 11 psid)
264 Bearing Pressure
PS-270A opens-to-alarm on decreasing 10 psig +/- 1 psig,
S1\L63QLA LUBE OIL PRESSURE LOW
265 "as-measured-at-unit-centerline".
PS-270B, C, & D open-to-alarm on decreasing 6 psig +/- 1 psig,
"as-measured-at-unit-centerline".
S1\L63QLT LUBE OIL PRESSURE LOW TRIP
These three switches are voted in software,
266 any two can result in a Trip.
267 Tank Level Use only on a unit specific basis
268 S1\L71QLA LUBE OIL LEVEL LOW
269 S1\L71QLLA LUBE OIL LEVEL LOW LOW
270 S1\L71QLT LUBE OIL LEVEL LOW TRIP
Auto Start Logic EBOP
(1) Auto Start if AC lost to both BPM's.
Emergency Bearing Oil Pump (EBOP) (2) Auto Start on low LO pressure (PS-266A)
Manual Start via HS-266
271 Test Start via FY-266 OR 3-Way Vlv at PS-266A
Auto Start Logic ESOP
(1) Auto Start if AC lost to both BPM's.
(2) Auto Start on low LO pressure (PS-266B)
Emergency Seal Oil Pump (ESOP) (3) Auto Start on low pressure to skid (PS-3404)
(4) Auto Start if low-low H2 to Seal Oil delta (PDSL-3406)
Manual Start via HS-266
272 Test Start via FY-266 OR 3-Way Vlv at PS-266B
***A very serious alarm***
Until proven otherwise it should be considered that the motor field coil is
open or grounded and the motor will not start. Situation should be
S1\L72EBOP_FL_A DC PUMP MOTOR FIELD LOSS
investigated and resolved immediately.
Without backup EBOP the unit should be shutdown.
273
A very serious alarm.
S1\L72ESOP_FL_A DC (Seal Oil) PUMP MOTOR FIELD LOSS See above
274 Without backup ESOP the unit should be shutdown.
***A very serious alarm***
Until proven otherwise it should be considered that the motor starter is
incapable of auto starting and so the motor will not start.
S1\L72EBOP_MF_A DC PUMP MALFUNCTION/NOT IN AUTO
Situation should be investigated and resolved immediately.
Without a backup EBOP the unit should be shutdown.
275

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

A B C D
A very serious alarm.
S1\L72ESOP_MF_A DC (Seal Oil) PUMP MALFUNCTION/NOT IN AUTO See above
276 Without backup ESOP the unit should be shutdown.
In a real emergency the EBOP & ESOP should be run to distruction if
needed.
S1\L72EBOP_OL_A DC PUMP MOTOR OVERLOAD Needs of the rotor and bearing system take precedance other the heatlh of
either the EBOP or ESOP.
277 See GE Station Design Notes on 196D5320.
278 S1\L72ESOP_OL_A DC (Seal Oil) PUMP MOTOR OVERLOAD see above
A very serious alarm.
Until proven otherwise it should be considered that the motor is incapable
S1\L30QE_T_F EMERGENCY LUBE OIL PUMP TEST FAILED of starting. Situation should be investigated and resolved immediately.
Without backup EBOP or ESOP the unit should be shutdown.
279 EBOP & ESOP shold be tested weekly.
280
281 Lube Oil Conditioner
282 S1\L63QC1A DIRTY FILTER ALARM > 25 psid ( 1.72 Bar ) PS-273A
Check suction strainer for clogging. Operator will need to manually reset
S1\L63QC2A OVERLOAD SHUTDOWN ALARM
283 the motor at the LO Conditioner local junction box.
284
285
286 Hydraulic System Monitoring
Valve should be open, check and resolve.
S1\L33SSOV1_O_A SUCTION SHUT-OFF VALVE A NOT OPEN
HFPM suctions are fit with manual shut-off valves to facilitate maintenace.
287
288 S1\L33SSOV2_O_A SUCTION SHUT-OFF VALVE B NOT OPEN see above
LT-280 Level alarm setpoints vary as per tank size.
Hydraulic fluid should be sampled as per GEK-46537 page #7. High or
S1\L71HQHA HYDRAULIC OIL LEVEL HIGH
Low alrms should be explained immediately.
289 Hydraulic leaks should not be tolerated.
290 S1\L71HQLA HYDRAULIC OIL LEVEL LOW LT-280
291 S1\L71HQLLA HYDRAULIC OIL LEVEL LOW LOW LT-280
A very serious alarm.
Until proven otherwise it should be considered that the stanby HFPM motor
is incapable of starting.
Investigate and resolve immediately.
S1\L30HQ_T_F HYDRAULIC FLUID PUMP TEST FAILED Design intent is that both HFPM are healthy at all times.
MKVI energizes FY-281 to intiate a start, alarm sounds with FY-281
energized > 15 seconds AND standby PS-280A or B not picked-up. Test
will auto cancel 5 seconds after a L30HQ_T_F goes logic "1".
292 Recommended weekly test.

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

A B C D
> 100 psid ( 6.9 Bar )
S1\L63DDF1A HYD-DUPLEX FILTER #1 DIFF PRESSURE HIGH Switch to the standby pump.
293 Replace filter and put system back in Auto. (PDS-287A)
294 S1\L63DDF2A HYD-DUPLEX FILTER #2 DIFF PRESSURE HIGH see above
PS-281A operates on decreasing 1950 psig for a 2400 psig system or 1300
S1\L63HQLA HYDRAULIC OIL PRESSURE LOW psig for a 1600 psig system. The standby Hydraulic pump should start at
295 this pressure level.
PS-281D, E, & F operate on decreasing 1650 psig for a 2400 psig system
S1\L63HQLT HYDRAULIC FLUID PRESSURE LOW TRIP or 1100 psig for a 1600 psig system. The three switches are voted in
296 software, any two operated for 1 second will initiate a Trip.
Fluid > 125F (52C) by TE-280
Check cooler operation.
System is designed to maintain the resevior below 125F (52C).
S1\L26HYDA HYDRAULIC OIL RESERVOIR TEMP HIGH Cooling should activate by 120F (49C) and stop at 110F (43C).
The unit is capable of supporting unit MW production from 80~140F
(27~60C)
297 ref. 378A3137
298 S1\L63PDAH_ALM HYDRAULIC FLUID POLISHING FILTER DP HIGH PS-222 is set at 35 PSID +/- 5
299
With the C7 in production the Turning Gear should be kept in Auto.
This provides the highest level of reliability/availability as in the event of an
unexpected shutdown the unit will automatically "go-on" gear and so be in
the best possible condition for any restart.
Turning Gear LOGIC, on shutdown IF in AUTO, the PBM will start IF all ST SV's are
closed AND LO permit is OK. Once at "Zero-Speed" (L14HRA=1) the air
piston will force the gear into engagement and PBM will stall. With
engagement established via ZS-288, a 10 second timer counts down and
300 then the TGM starts AND the PBM stops.
301 Turning Gear
HMI soft-switch is not in Auto (Operator may have selected Manual at HMI)
and the Field Flashing Speed relay is dropped out, L15HF=0 (pick-up's on
S1\L30TG_A TURNING GEAR NOT IN AUTO 95% speed increasing, drops-out on 90% decreasing speed) It is
recommended that the Turning Gear control remain in Auto during
302 operations

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

A B C D
HS-288 at JB #4 is not in "Standby" position AND
the Field Flashing Speed relay is dropped out "L14HF=0"
(L14HF picks-up's on 95% speed increasing AND drops-out on 90%
decreasing speed)
NOTE #1 HS-288 will spring return to Standby from all positions, but, can
S1\L30TG_STDBA TURNING GEAR NOT IN STANDBY
be pulled out and locked in the "Stop" position.
#2 the Turning Gear will not automatically engage if HS-288 is placed in the
"Stop" detent position.
#3 It is recommeded the Turning Gear be in "Standby" at JB #4 AND in
303 "Auto" on the MKVI HMI whenever the unit is in operation.
The MKVI uses two limit switches to indicate engaged OR dis-engaged
position of the turning gear.
The switches currently indicate a mutually exclusive condition. One
S1\L30TGL TURNING GEAR LIMIT SWITCH TROUBLE indicates the Turning Gear is Engaged while the other indicates it is Dis-
engaged, OR vice-versa. These switches are critical to proper automatic
sequencing; immediate investigation is needed.
304 (ZS-288=Engage Position Switch)(ZS-289=Dis-Engage Position Switch)

Turning Gear Engage Limit switch indicates the Turning Gear is engaged,
AND the zero-speed relay is picked-up (L14HR=1) indicating speed is
S1\L30TGS TURNING GEAR NOT ROTATING TURBINE below the zero speed set-point of 0.06% of rated.
Comment: When on Turning Gear turbine rotor speed should be enough
305 to "drop-out" the zero-speed relay, or above 0.09% of rated. Investigate.
TG Compartment Vent Fan NOT running
At least one of the two TG Compartment Vent fans should be running with
S1\L63TGDPA TURNING GEAR COMPT LOW DIFF PRESSURE the unit in operation or with H2 loadd in the generator.
PDSL-2890 monitors fan operation by monitoring differential pressure
306 across the fan (0.2" H20, 5.8mm H2O)
Turning Gear indicates engaged (ZS-288),
AND
S1\LLOTOR_TG LUBE OIL TEMP OUT OF RANGE FOR TG
LO temperature is < 80F (26.6C) OR > 90F (32.2C) (TE-260B).
307 Refer to GEK-72345 with regards temperature on Turning Gear.
Used as a Turning Gear "Engage" permissive. Three (3) separate
systems must all agree that the unit is at or below zero speed;
(I) Primary Speed Control
(II) Emergency Speed Control
S1\L14HRA ZERO SPEED
(III) BNC Keyphasor
(Note: Zero-Speed-Relay driven by the primary speed control system picks-
up <2.2 rpm and drops-out >3.5 rpm)
308
309

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

A B C D
Steam Seal System Monitor w/Exhaust Pressure
310 * Protection
Control monitors the Steam Seal Manifold Pressure (ssm) via PT-212. High & Low alarms sound IF the Steam Seal system is selected "On" at the HMI, OR,
Turbine exhaust pressure is < 29" HgA (0.92"HgV) (736.6 mmHgA)
311 * (760 mmHgA = 14.7 psia = 29.92" HgA = 0.0"HgV = 1.03 Kg/sq.cm = 101.13 kPa = 1013.3 mBar = 406.8"H2O(A))
312 * Steam Pressure
313 * S1\L30SSHA STEAM SEAL PRESSURE HIGH Steam Seal Manifold Pressure > 6.0 psig ( 0.4 Bar ) PT-212
Steam Seal Manifold Pressure < 2.0 psig ( 0.14 Bar )
AND HMI SS System ON
S1\L30SSLA STEAM SEAL PRESSURE LOW
OR small Exhaust Vacuum present; 29"HgAbs ~ 0.92"HgVac
314 * ( 983mBarAbs ~ 30 mBarVac )
Turbine exhaust pressure is < 29" HgA ~ 0.92"HgV
S1\L30SSPC_OFF STEAM SEAL PRESS CONTROL OUT OF SERVICE ( 983mBarAbs ~ 30 mBarVac )
315 * AND Steam Seal system is selected "OFF" at the HMI.
316 * Gland Exhauster
Operator has selected Steam Seals "ON" at the HMI
AND PS-212c indicates the Fan is not running.
PS-212c operates at 5"H2OVac.
S1\L30GSEA GLAND EXHAUSTER PRESSURE HIGH Exhauster must pull at least 5" H2OVac (12.5 mBarVac ~ 1000.8 mBarAbs
) to indicate a running fan.
(1) Check the fan
317 * (2) Check the gland condenser for proper drainage.
LS-232 indicates condensate is not draining. The condenser must drain in
S1\L71CCAH_A GLAND EXHAUST CONDENSER LEVEL HIGH
order to operate effectively. Check the drain system and resolve.
318 *
TE-212B located at the suction of the gland exhauster fan exceeds
165F ( 73.8C ) (should approximate 150F ~ 65.5C ).
S1\L26GSEXHA GLAND SEAL EXHAUST TEMPERATURE HIGH
(1) Check that the gland exhauster is draining properly.
319 * (2) Check condensate flow to the exhauster.
320 * S1\L26SS_HA HIGH STEAM SEAL TEMPERATURE Variable as per HP/RH Bowl Metal & Load see GEK-110856B Fig. 8
321 * S1\L26SS_LA LOW STEAM SEAL TEMPERATURE Variable as per HP/RH Bowl Metal & Load see GEK-110856B Fig. 8
322 *
323 * Exhaust Vacuum
Exhaust Vacuum Protection arms as turbine speed exceeds 300 rpm
S1\L63EV_NARM EXHAUST VACUUM PROTECTION NOT ARMED
324 * (speed is below 300 rpm with alarm active)

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

A B C D
non-Van: Control monitors PT-210A,B,C.
Alarms at 5"HgA ~ 169.5 mBarA (25.0" HgVac)
S1\L63EVA EXHAUST VACUUM ALARM
Unit with VAN: Alarm setpoint is variable as a function of LP steam flow;
PT-213A~C AND unit specific constants.
325 * Exhaust Vacuum measured by PT-210A,B,C. Refer to GEK-103956
Non-Van; Three (3) conditions must exist for a Unit Trip;
#1. Speed > 300 rpm.
#2. Alarm at 5.0"HgA ~169.5mBarA (25"HgV) must exist.
#3. Trip at 7.5"HgA ~ 254mBarA (22.5"HgV) must exist.
S1\L63EVT EXHAUST VACUUM TRIP
Unit with VAN: Alarm & Trip setpoints are variable as a function of LP
steam flow. Flow is calculated by PT-213A~C AND unit specific constants.
Exhaust Vacuum is still measured by PT-210A,B,C.
326 * Refer to GEK-103956
PT210A,B,C spread exceeds 2.0" Hg ~ 68mBar. Investigate and resolve
S1\L30EV_DIF EXHAUST VACUUM TRANSDUCER FAULT qucikly. Control selects the median value and passes same to the Exhaust
327 * Vacuum Trip Protection.
328
329
330 Aux Steam Valves
Objective: Provide Exhaust Hood Cooling during extended low load
operation. This is a "stop-gap" measure only. Load will eventually need to
Exhaust Hood Cooling Spray be increased or the unit secured. Exhaust Hood overtemperture protection
is alwys armed and caplable of tripping the unit. Ref. GEK-107098B. WSV
331
operates on the median of TE-210A,B,C.
MKVI is requesting the WSV open, the close position switch ZS-210A still
S1\L30ES_FAIL EXHAUST HOOD SPRAY VALVE FAILED TO OPEN
332 indicates closed after a 10 second time delay.
This alarm will initiate at any time the WSV indicates NOT closed. While
short term use of water sprays not a problem, extended operation can lead
to increased risk of LSB erosion. (Switch Logic: ZS-210A WSV close
S1\L30ES_ON HOOD SPRAYS ON, OPER OF SPRAYS NOT ADVISED
position switch initiates this alarm whenever it is not operated, WSV has
moved off the closed position (switch is NO, held closed when the WSV is
333 closed)) Ref. Basic SALI GEK-106919 60Hz or GEK-106752 50Hz
Close position switch ZS-210A indicates the WSV is closed AND open
S1\L33ESV_ALM EXHAUST SPRAY VALVE TROUBLE position switch ZS-210B indicates the WSV is open, both conditions must
334 exist for 15 seconds.
335

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

A B C D
MOV Drains are designated Group A, B, or C by Starting and Loading
Motor Operated Drain Valves Instruction GEK-100475 & S&L Chart GEK-55212.
336 NOTE: Drains are either fully open or closed, throttling is required.
337 Group "A" Drains
C7 ATS Logic: Before Seat drain valves opens on MASTER RESET
MSCV #1 or "A" Before Seat Drain "AND" HP Steam Header > 30 Psig (2.1 kg/cm2).
338 Valves close when the main breaker (52G) is closed.
Alarm has two possible drivers
(1) operator has placed the valve in "Manual" at the HMI,
OR
(2) valve actuator has been placed in "Local".
Drains should be placed in Auto and so open and close as commanded by
S1\L30MOV_SSV1A MOV SSV1A NOT IN AUTO MODE
the MKVI.
Any drain valve NOT reporting OPEN drops out "All Drains Open"...
L33DRAINS_OP=0. This then drop's out L33DRAIN_PER which in turn
drops out "Turbine Ready to Start" L3START=0. ATS sequence will not
339 initiate, the Turbine cannot be started in Auto.
Position feedback indicates the drain open, while HP Main Steam header is
below 30 psig. There is concern with regards water induction; backflow if
S1\L30SSV1A_OPN MOV SSV1A OPEN AND HEADER PRESSURE LOW
the drain is plumbed to a receiver/ADT. The drain should be closed with
340 the header below 30 psig.
Time to reach desired position has exceeded 30 seconds.
(1) Check the valve manually.
(2) 4~20mA valve position feedback device could have problems.
S1\L30SSV1A SSV1A POSITIONING PROBLEM Any drain valve reporting a "positioning" alarm drops out "Drain Valves
Healthy"... L33DRAINS_OK=0. This then drop's out L33DRAIN_PER
which in turn drops out "Turbine Ready to Start" L3START=0. ATS
341 sequence will not initiate, the Turbine cannot be started in Auto.
C7 ATS Logic: After Seat dain valves open on MASTER RESET.
MSCV #1 or "A" After Seat Drain
342 Valves close when the main breaker (52G) is closed.
343 S1\L30MOV_SSV2A MOV SSV2A NOT IN AUTO MODE See comment for MOV SSV1A NOT IN AUTO MODE
344 S1\L30SSV2A SSV2A POSITIONING PROBLEM See comment for SSV1A POSITIONING PROBLEM
345 MSCV #2 or "B" Before Seat Drain see MSCV #1
346 S1\L30MOV_SSV1B MOV SSV1B NOT IN AUTO MODE See comment for MOV SSV1A NOT IN AUTO MODE
Position feedback indicates the drain open, while HP Main Steam header is
below 30 psig. There is concern with regards water induction; backflow if
S1\L30SSV1B_OPN MOV SSV1B OPEN AND HEADER PRESSURE LOW
the drain is plumbed to a receiver/ADT. The drain should be closed with
347 the header below 30 psig.
348 S1\L30SSV1B SSV1B POSITIONING PROBLEM See comment for SSV1A POSITIONING PROBLEM
349 MSCV #2 or "B" After Seat Drain see MSCV #1
350 S1\L30MOV_SSV2B MOV SSV2B NOT IN AUTO MODE See comment for MOV SSV1A NOT IN AUTO MODE

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GE Energy Typical D11 Alarms Oct 2009

A B C D
351 S1\L30SSV2B SSV2B POSITIONING PROBLEM See comment for SSV1A POSITIONING PROBLEM
352
C7 ATS Logic: MOV-SPD opens on MASTER RESET.
Group "B" Drains
353 Valves close with Load exceeding 17% of rated.
354 Steam Packing Re-Entry Valve (MOV-SPD)
355 MOV_AOV.L30MOV_SPD
STM PKG RE-ENTRY DRN VLV MOV NOT IN AUTO MODE See comment for MOV SSV1A NOT IN AUTO MODE
356 MOV_AOV.L30SPD STM PKG RE-ENTRY DRN VLV MOV POSITIONING PRB See comment for SSV1A POSITIONING PROBLEM
357
C7 ATS Logic: Valves open on a MASTER RESET.
Group "C" Drains
358 Valves close when the Admission Control Valve indicates 7% open.
359 Admission Control Valve Before Seat Drain
360 S1\L30MOV_SAD1 MOV SAD1 NOT IN AUTO MODE See comment for MOV SSV1A NOT IN AUTO MODE
361 S1\L30SAD1 SAD1 POSITIONING PROBLEM See comment for SSV1A POSITIONING PROBLEM
362 Admission Control Valve After Seat Drain
363 S1\L30MOV_SAD2 MOV SAD2 NOT IN AUTO MODE See comment for MOV SSV1A NOT IN AUTO MODE
364 S1\L30SAD2 SAD2 POSITIONING PROBLEM See comment for SSV1A POSITIONING PROBLEM
365
366
367 * Hydrogen
368 * Hydrogen Purity
one or both H2 analzyers see SDE's below 85% or the Generator Casing
S1\L30H2PUR_LA HYD PURITY LOW - INCREASING SCAVENGING below 95% for 60 seconds. The MKVI will automatically increase
369 * scavenging by energizing FY-2971, FY-2973 or both.
Generator Casing below 90% for 3 seconds. Shutdown Recommended.
S1\L30H2PUR_LLA HYD PURITY LOW LOW - SHUTDOWN RECOMMENDED Hydrogen in Air mixtures in the range of 4.1 to 74.2 are explosive, with a
370 * mixture of 30% H2 in Air being the most explosive.
The E-One panel contains diagnostics which can be run locally via touch
keypads on the panel front. Press "Fn" key to "System" then press
S1\L30H2TRBL1A GAS ANALYZER #1 GENERAL FAULT
"Enter". Obtain a copy of the correct E-One instruction manual for a full
371 * explanation. Contact E-One directly
372 * S1\L30H2TRBL2A GAS ANALYZER #2 GENERAL FAULT see above
Delta across fan exceeds 30" H2O. As the unit is designed to operate in
S1\LH2FDPA GEN ROTOR FAN DIFF PRESSURE HIGH Hydrogen, operation in air needs limits. Contact GE Generator Engineering
373 * for unit specific limits if operation in air desired for any reason.
374 *
375 * Dew Point Sensor
376 * S1\DTHYGH_ALM DEW POINT TEMPERATURE HIGH If provided 96RH-1 indicates dew point at 32F

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377 * S1\DTHYGHH_ALM DEW POINT TEMPERATURE HIGH HIGH If provided 96RH-1 indicates dew point at 60F
378 * S1\L30HYGFLT_A DEW POINT SENSOR FAULT (GENERATOR) If provided 96RH-1 indicates dew point below -145F
379 *
380 * Gas Dryer
These dryers are fit with a locally mounted microprocessor which is capable
of monitoring several process related items. Obtain the correct
S1\L30DRYFLTA H2 GAS DRYER COMMON TROUBLE
manufacturers instruction and interrogate the processor via the local
381 * keypad.
Inlet to the dryer has a dew point exceeding 20F. MIC-2996 supplies a
S1\L30IGMA EXCESSIVE MOISTURE AT GAS DRYER INLET switch contact to the MKVI, the actual Hygrometer probe ME-2996 is a 4-
382 * 20mA device.
383 *
Generator Condition Monitor GCM-X (aka Gas
384 * Monitoring System "GMS")
Possibilities ... (1) The GCM indicated overheating but could not verify the
indication. (2) The GCM has verifed an alarm and is automatically collecting
a sample or the operator has manually requested verification (3) the GCM
continuously monitors itself and alarms various internal faults, the operator
S1\L30GMFLT_A GENERATOR OVERHEATING NOT VERIFIED
can interrogate the GCM loaclly via the four-button membrane-switch
keypad, see Table #4 GCM-Statue. E-One refers to this as the "Trouble
Relay". One of three general purpose relays wired at GCM-X J1, GE
385 * device = 30gmfault (signal = l3gmflt)
The GCM "Ion Chamber Detector" (ICD) has indicated a high level of
thermally decomposed particiles (or is completely off scale high,
>95%). Particles are produced when generator insulating materials
overheat. Also called the "Warning" level, with a factory setpoint of 70%,
the level is adjustable from 50~80%. A well calibrated GCM will indicate
S1\L30GMS_A GMS INDICATED GENERATOR OVERHEATING 80%. The GCM will automatically instigate a "verification" process when the
ICD drops below 50% for 4 seconds. Actual GCM ICD output is read locally
at he GCM panel via an LED bar graph. This alarm will require a manual
reset at the GCM panel. MKVI notification is provided by one of three
general purpose relays wired at GCM J1, E-One refers to this as the
386 * "Warning Relay"; GE device = 30gmsalarm (signal = l26gms)

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Possibilites ... (1) In Auto mode the ICD was below 50% for 4 seconds
and was verified. (2) Operator manually requested Alarm verifcation at the
GCM Panel and same was verified. If the Sampler is in Auto a sample will
S1\L30GMSVAL_A GENERATOR OVERHEATING VERIFIED be collected, alternately an Operator can manually request a sample. E-
One refers to this as the "Alarm Relay". One of three general purpose
relays wired at GCM-X J1, logic = l3gmsval (signal = 30msval) This alarm
387 * will require a manual reset at the GCM panel.
388 *
389 * Gas Supply
Switch only provided when requested. Adequate quanity of Purge CO2
S1\L63CT5L_ALM GENERATOR PURGE CO2 PRESSURE LOW
390 * MUST be on hand anytime the generator is charged with H2.
PCV-2935 should automatically control machine pressure. PCV-2935 could
"stuck". Set-Point for this alarm will be 4 psig above unit rating, so 34 psig
S1\L63GGPHA GENERATOR H2 GAS PRESSURE HIGH
for a 30 psig unit, 49 psig for 45 psig machine, etc.. MKVI monitors PT-
391 * 2950 to generate this alarm.
PCV-2935 should automatically control machine pressure. If PCV-2935 is
wide open and machine gas pressure is still dropping then a substansial H2
leak is occurring and the machine should be secured. Set-Point will be 2
S1\L63GGPLA GENERATOR H2 GAS PRESSURE LOW
psig below unit rating, so 28 psig for a 30 psig unit, 43 psig for 45 psig
machine, etc.. MKVI monitors both PSL-290 (63GL-1) and PT-2950, either
392 * can trigger the alarm.
393 * S1\L63H2PLA HYDROGEN SUPPLY PRESS LOW (BOTTLE MANIFOLD)
394 * S1\LH2SPLA HYDROGEN SUPPLY PRESSURE LOW PSL-2930 Indicates supply manifold has dropped below 110.0 psig
395 *
396 * Generator Stator Liquid Level Detectors
Could be Water or Oil. Empty the Detector and attempt to gauge amount.
This is not to be considered a normal event. The H2 coolers should be
S1\LH2LLDHA GENERATOR LIQUID DETECTOR STAGE 1 HIGH
tight all times, and Seal Oil should not be entering the Generator. Shutdown
397 * may be required. LSH-2990
398 * S1\LH2LLDHHA GENERATOR LIQUID DETECTOR STAGE 2 HIGH see above. LSHH-2990
399 *
400 * H2 Seal Oil Supply

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Oil level at the CE SDE Enlargement is too high. Immediately check the
Float Trap for proper operation. If level at the Trap is out-of-sight high,
immediately manually bypass the float trap until such time as a level is
again visible in the float trap sight glass. This operation will require a
S1\L71SDH_ALM SEAL OIL DRAIN LIQUID LEVEL HIGH dedicated operator. The operator can manually drain LSH-3401 in an
attempt to guage oil quanity. High level danger is twofold, (1) a high oil
level at the SDE will first contaminate, and render useless the H2 monitors
(2) extra high levels will eventually spill past the inner oil deflectors and
401 * contaminate the stator.
At Generator centerline Seal Oil pressure is kept greater than Generator
Hydrogen by a 5 psi delta. PDSL-3402 monitors this delta and is set to
alarm when this delta at machine centerline drops below 4.5 PSID. As
PDSL is located at the seal oil skid elevation and not directly at machine
centerline. Fir this reason the actual actuation set-point of the switch needs
to be compensated at each installation. PDSL needs to operate when the
S1\L63DSA_LA SEAL OIL DIFF PRESSURE LOW psid; Seal Oil to Machine Gas Pressure "at-unit-centerline" has dropped
below 4.5 psi. (see GEK-95180 for Generator Seal Oil details)
NOTE #1: PDSL 3406 also located at the seal oil skid needs similar
compensation. It will start either the EBOP or ESOP at 2.5~3.5 psid.
NOTE #2 PS-3404 will start start either the EBOP or ESOP when supply oil
pressure being delivered the to skid drops below 65~80 psig. For both Note
#1 & #2 see the unit specific Device Summary for actual set-points.
402 *
Some units are furnised with Filters. Change the filters when the psid = 6.
S1\L63SOFA SEAL OIL FILTER DIFF PRESSURE HIGH
403 * The Alarm sounds at 8 psid
404 *
405 * Generator Stator H2 & Stator Bars
406 * S1\L26GGCA GENERATOR COLD GAS TEMPERATURE HIGH 145F
407 * S1\L26GGHA GENERATOR HOT GAS TEMPERATURE HIGH 212F
Each Cooler has an RTD which monitors outlet or "cold" gas temperature.
S1\L26GGCS GEN COLD GAS HIGH TEMPERATURE SPREAD Spread form high to low exceeds 15F in excess of 30 seconds. Check
408 * cooling water flow to each cooler.
409 * S1\L26GGCF GEN COLD GAS RTD OUT OF LIMIT FAILURE one or more RTD's >800 F or <-100F
410 * S1\L26GGHF GEN HOT GAS RTD OUT OF LIMIT FAILURE one or more RTD's >800 F or <-100F
411 *
412 * S1\L26GGFA GENETATOR RTD FAILURE DETECTED one or more RTD's >800 F or <-100F
413 * S1\L26GGFH_ALM GENERATOR RTD HIGH FAILURE DETECTED one or more RTD's >800F
414 * S1\L26GGFL_ALM GENERATOR RTD LOW FAILURE DETECTED one or more RTD's <-100F

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415 *
416 *
417 * S1\L26GGK_ALM GEN FRAME COMMON COLD GAS HIGH TEMP >145F
418 *
419 * S1\L26GSA1 STATOR TEMP TOO HIGH (1 Or More RTDs) >275F
420 * S1\L26GSA2 STATOR TEMP TOO HIGH (2 Or More RTDs) >275F
421 *
422 * S1\L26GSAF STATOR COLL END RTD OUT OF LIMIT FAILURE one or more RTD's >800 F or <-100F
423 * S1\L26GSFF STATOR CPLG END RTD OUT OF LIMIT FAILURE one or more RTD's >800 F or <-100F
424 *
425 *
426 * Generator Protection and Excitation
427 * S1\L74GP_1_AL Primary 125VDC power to GP2100 lost
428 * S1\L74GP_2_AL 125VDC power to Brkr protection in GP2100 lost
429 * S1\L74GP_3_AL Redundant 125VDC power to GP2100 lost
430 *
431 *
432 * S1\L86BFT_ALM BREAKER FAILURE LOCKOUT TRIP
433 * S1\L86G1A_ALM UNIT TRIP VIA 86G1A LOCKOUT RELAY
434 * S1\L86G1B_ALM UNIT TRIP VIA 86G1B LOCKOUT RELAY
435 * S1\L86IE_AL GENERATOR BREAKER TRIPPED VIA 86IE
436 * S1\L86S AUTO SYNCHRONIZING LOCKOUT
437 * S1\L86T_AL GSU Transformer Lockout Trip
438 * S1\L86U_AL Generator and GSU Transformer Lockout Trip
439 * S1\LC60_60_AL C60 : Voltage unbalance detected
440 * S1\LC60_BF_AL C60 : Breaker failed to trip
441 * S1\LC60_FA_AL C60 : Critical Relay failure
442 * S1\LC60_TRP_AL C60 : Relay tripped
443 * S1\LC60_VTF_AL C60 : Voltage Transformer Fuse Failure
444 * S1\LG60_24_AL G60 : Excessive volts per hertz
445 * S1\LG60_27_AL G60 : Generator Undervoltage
446 * S1\LG60_46_AL G60 : Negative sequence Overcurrent
447 * S1\LG60_59_AL G60 : Generator Overvoltage

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448 * S1\LG60_81O_AL G60 : Generator overfrequency
449 * S1\LG60_FA_AL G60 : Critical Relay failure
450 * S1\LG60_TRP_AL G60 : Relay tripped
451 * S1\LG60_VTF_AL G60 : Voltage Transformer Fuse Failure
452 * S1\LG60B_FA_AL G60B : Critical Relay failure
453 * S1\LG60B_TRP_AL G60B : Relay tripped
454 * S1\LG60B_VTF_AL G60B : Voltage Transformer Fuse Failure
455 * S1\LT60_FA_AL T60 : Critical Relay failure
456 * S1\LT60_TRP_AL T60 : Relay tripped
457 * S1\LT60B_FA_AL T60B : Critical Relay failure
458 * S1\LT60B_TRP_AL T60B : Relay tripped
459 * S1\L94GEN GENERATOR VENTILATION TROUBLE SHUTDOWN
460 * S1\L50AT2FA_ALM AUX PWR XFMR OVERCURRENT RELAY FAILURE
461 * S1\L30DGP_F Gen Prot - SHUTDOWN TIMER INITIATED
462 * S1\L30DGP_SD GEN PROT FAILURE - SHUTDOWN INITIATED
463 * Excitation
EX2100 has automatically transferred out of AUTO into MANUAL
excitation. #1 Operator must manually adjust terminal voltage at the HMI or
S1\LPTBAD EX2K FORCED TRANSFER TO MANUAL REGULATOR
locally at the EX2100 (manually manage VARS) #2 Maintenance
464 * should prepare an RCA.
Primary Core Fault, EX2100 automatically shifted to the Back-Up Core.
The EX2100 has two (2) complimentary redundant excitors. Normally the
"primary" is in operation with the "back-up" continuously performing
calculations in the background, but "not" out-putting control commands.
Following a auto-transfer the Back-Up core is now in operation. Auto-
S1\LRSTXLTCH EX2K FORCED TRANSFER TO BACKUP CORE
Transfer is designed to be bumpless. Maintenance should perform an RCA
investigation as to why the transfer was needed. NOTE; once the fault is
cleared and the Primary considered ready for operation the operator will
need to locate the "Reset Xfer" button on the HMI, execute the command
465 * and so enable "automatic transfer"
466 * S1\L3D_UCVB_AF UCVB AIRFLOW OR OVERTEMPERATURE TROUBLE
467 * S1\L3D_UCVB_OT UCVB OVERTEMPERATURE
This Alarm used for indication only. Operator is manually adjusting the
S1\L43EX_ALM EX2K MANUAL (FVR) REGULATOR ACTIVE voltage regualtor. (aka, "Field Voltage Reg." or "DC Reg" or "Manual
468 * Voltage Reg."

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S1\L4EXOFF_ALM EX2K OPERATOR SELECTED EXCITATION OFF This Alarm used for indication only. Operator has shut-off the EX-2100.
469 *
470 * S1\L30EX_FSP EXCITER FAILURE TO STOP
471 * S1\L30EX_FTS EXCITER FAILURE TO START
472 * S1\L30EX_RS EXCITER NOT READY TO START
No heartbeat detected between MK VI and Exciter or EGD link between MK
VI and exciter is not healthy due to disconnect or communications problem.
S1\L30COM_EXFLT EXCITER TO MKVI COMMUNICATION FAULT
Address communication problem, check all ethernet connections and
473 * switches.
474 * S1\L30MRSYNC_AL SYNC INHIBITED - EX MAN REG ACTIVE
475 *
476 *
477 * Automatic Turbine Start
478 * Auto Start Software
Investigate the premissive logical "L3START" to determine which
S1\L30AS_NR AUTO START PERMISSIVES NOT SATISFIED presmissive is causing the hold-out. Problem could also be that the stress
479 * control algorithm is in a "stabilizing mode.
See "Hold List". Determine which steam condition is causing the hold-out.
480 * S1\L30STEAM_HLD ATS STEAM CONDITIONS HOLD
Investigate presmissive logical L3STEAM_OK
"HOLD LIST"
481 * (Code D11 typical)
482 * Pre-Roll
483 * S43\L30ANY_ALM Process Alarm Hold-Prior to Roll Any Process Alarm exists with speed below 300 rpm.
Eccentricity at or above 2 mils Pk-Pk with speed below 300 rpm (M,
S43\L30ECH ECCENTRICITY HIGH
484 * L3START)
L30HPU = 1, when PS-281A operates and alarms on decreasing 1950 psig
S43\L30HPU ATS - Hydraulic Power Unit Pre-Roll Hold for a 2400 psig system or 1300 psig for a 1600 psig system and unit speed
485 * is below 300 rpm.
Speed < 300 rpm AND Bearing Header Pressure is in Alarm (< 10 psig at
S43\L30LUB ATS - Lube Oil System Pre-Roll Hold unit centerline)(L63QLA=1) OR Lube Oil Outlet Temperature is in Alarm (>
486 * 130F) (L26LOCOHA=1) OR both.
PT-212 sees Steam Header HIGH (at or above 6 psig) OR LOW (at or
S43\L30SSS ATS - Steam Seal System Pre-Roll Hold
487 * below 2 psig) with unit below 300 rpm.
L30STEAM_OK = 0 with speed below 300 rpm. Logical L30STEAM_OK
S43\L30STEAM_HLD ATS STEAM CONDITIONS HOLD requires several variables be in place; steam pressure, temperature, metal,
488 * and flow premissives.
HP or RH Rotor stresses exceed 60% of maximum allowable (surface or
S43\L30STR ATS - Excessive Turbine Stresses
489 * bore) with speed below 300 rpm.

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Any Journal or Thrust Bearing Metal TC in alarm with the unit below 300
S43\L68BT ATS - Bearing Metal Temperature Hold
490 * rpm.
Generator Gas Pressure is Low (L63GGPLA = 1) with the unit below 300
S43\L68DP_H2 ATS - Generator Hydrogen Trouble Hold
491 * rpm
With speed setpoint command at zero CV's RSV's & IV's need to indicate
closed. Any open position with speed setpoint command at zero will set
S43\L3VALVES_C Pre-Roll steam valve position problem L3VALVES_C = 1 (Note; if tracing this logical you will find the signal
databases at times refers to l83cvs_c as both "CV & MSV closed", when in
492 * fact, for D11's it only indicates the MCV's are closed.

493 * Holds
One or both H2 analzyers see SDE's below 85% or the Generator Casing
S43\L30H2PUR_LA HYD PURITY LOW - INCREASING SCAVENGING below 95% for 60 seconds. The MKVI will automatically increase
494 * scavenging by energizing FY-2971, FY-2973 or both.
495 * S43\L39VA_AU High Vibration Alarms for Auto Mode Any of the 12 radial vibration channels at or above 6 mils Pk-Pk.
The median of three transmitters PT-210A,B,C indicates Exhaust Vacuum
S43\L63EVA_L Exhaust Vacuum Pressure Low
496 * in Alarm at 5.0"HgA
HP or RH Rotor calculated future stress levels exceed maximum allowable
S43\LEXC_LA_STR ATS-Excessive Lookahead Stress
497 * (surface or bore). See GEK-
Hold IF Lube Oil at Cooler Outlet < 100F
S43\LLOT_HLD Lube Oil Temperature Hold
498 * with speed > 78% AND < 90%.
Hold IF Generator Breaker is closed
499 * S43\LLOTOR Lube Oil Temperature Out of Range
AND Lube Oil at Cooler Outlet < 115F OR > 125F.
500 *
"Turbine-Ready-to-Start " (L3START)
501 * (Code D11 typical)
502 * L4 Turbine Reset (TRUE) Turbine must be RESET
503 * L3STEAM_OK Steam Pressure and Temperature OK (TRUE) Steam Temperature & Pressure must be within limts
504 * L3TNHR_ZERO Speed Setpoint Command = 0.0% (TRUE) Speed Setpoint cannot exceed 0.0%
505 * L3CUST_PERM Customer Premissives to Roll Turbine (TRUE) All plant permissives must be satisfied
506 * L68DW_ATS Pre-Roll, Speed or Load Hold from ATS Hold List (FALSE) There can be NO holds active.
507 * L39DEA Differential Expansion Alarm (FALSE) Differential at Brg #2 must NOT be in Alarm
(TRUE) Clarify 10-14-09 Average 1st Stage Bowl Metal & Average HP Inlet
L3HP_DIFF HP Steam to Metal Temp Delta OK
508 * Steam must be within 500F
(TRUE) Clarify 10-14-09 Average Reheat 1st Stage Bowl Metal & Average
L3RH_DIFF RH Steam to Metal Temp Delta OK
509 * Reheat Inlet Steam must be within 500F
(TRUE) Drains must be open and capable of reaching correct position in 30
L33DRAIN_PER Drains Open & Healthy Permissive
510 * seconds.
511 * L14HR HP Speed - Zero Speed (FALSE) Unit must NOT be at Zero Speed

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512 * LLOAM Lube Oil Temp Above Min on TG (TRUE) Lube Oil at Cooler Oulet > 80F (26.6F)
513 * L3VIB_PERM Vibration Trip Permissive - Inhibit Start (FALSE) No vibration TRIP.
(TRUE) One TG Compartment fan must be running and register via PSDL-
514 * L63TGDP_PERM Turning Gear Compartment Low Diff Start Permissive
2890.
515 * AND
516 * L26SS_PER Steam Seal Temperature Start Permissive (TRUE) Steam Seal Temperature must be between high and low limits.
517 * L30ECH_PER Eccentricity Start Permissive (TRUE) Eccentricity must be < Alarm setpoint
518 * OR
519 * L3TNH_START Speed at or Below Start Speed (FALSE) Speed > 50 RPM
520 *
"Steam Pressure & Temperature OK " (L3STEAM_OK)
521 * Logic needed to place L3STEAM_OK =1
Average 1st Stage Bowl Metal & Average HP Inlet Steam
must be within 500F AND at least one 1st Stage Bowl
L26INLET_OK TRUE
Metal TC AND one HP Steam TC need to be within limits
522 * (instrument health check).
523 * L63IP_L_OK HP Steam Pressure > 600 psig TRUE
524 * L63IP_H_OK HP Steam Pressure < 1500 psig TRUE
525 * L26IS_L_OK HP Steam Temp > 32F TRUE
526 * L26IS_H_OK HP Steam Temp < 1100F TRUE
at least one Reheat Bowl Metal TC AND at least one
L26RHT_OK Reheat Steam TC are within limits (instrument health TRUE
527 * check).
528 * L3FP_HRSP Hot Reheat Pressure > 1% TRUE
Average 1st Stage Bowl Metal & Average HP Inlet Steam
L3HP_DIFF TRUE
529 * must be within 500F
530 * OR
Average 1st Stage Bowl Metal & Average HP Inlet Steam
must be within 500F AND at least one 1st Stage Bowl
L26INLET_OK TRUE
Metal TC AND one HP Steam TC need to be within limits
531 * (instrument health check).
532 * L63IP_L_OK HP Steam Pressure > 600 psig TRUE
533 * L63IP_H_OK HP Steam Pressure < 1500 psig TRUE
534 * L26IS_L_OK HP Steam Temp > 32F TRUE
535 * L26IS_H_OK HP Steam Temp < 1100F TRUE
Average 1st Stage Bowl Metal & Average HP Inlet Steam
L3RH_DIFF TRUE
536 * must be within 500F

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537 * L83FF In Forward Flow TRUE
538 *
539 *
540 * Miscellaneous Control Elements
541 * PLU - EVA & Trip Anticipator
542 * Triggers
The MKVI has "triggered" MCV closure.
MKVI Main Control Valve trigger function looks at the max error between
the position reference and actual valve position. When error exceeds 10%
the trigger is "pullled". Irregardless of which MCV is in error, both MCV's
S1\LCVT_EVT CONTROL VALVE TRIGGER OCCURRENCE
will "fast" or "quick" close via the FASV's This is done prevent excessive
turbine acceleration and so limit max overspeed rpm. Once the danger of
excessive speed passes the FASV will de-energize and the MCV will revert
543 * to an open position at whatever speed signal is the minimum.
544 *
**Introduction MKVIe Off-Line Overspeed Testing **
545 * GEK-110293 advises recommended tests. Permissives ... On a cold start DO NOT Off-Line Overspeed Test prior ro carrying 25% rated load for 3 hours,
546 * Overspeed Tests & Speed Related Alarms
547 * Overspeed Testing
The Operator has selected either a Primary or Emergency Off Line Test,
S1\L30OSTA SELECTED OVERSPEED TEST NOT RECOMMENDED the ATS Stress permissive is not enabled, L3_OS_ATS = 0.
548 * The test should not proceed.
Alarm indicates two possible problems; (1) Test timed out, or (2) Unit
S1\L30POST_OF_F OFF-LINE PRIMARY OVERSPEED TEST FAULT
549 * tripped but not via the Primary OS Protection.
Alarm indicates two possible problems; (1) Test timed out, or (2) Unit
S1\L30EOST_OF_F OFF-LINE EMERGENCY OVERSPEED TEST FAULT
550 * tripped but not via the Emergency OS Protection.
See GEK-110293 which provides a description of this test. The Test can be
S1\L97EOS_FAL ON-LINE EMERGENCY OS TEST FAULT
conducted daily. Note which core has failed X, Y or Z, contact GE.
551 *
See GEK-110293 which provides a description of this test. The Test can be
S1\L97POS_FAL ON-LINE PRIMARY OS TEST FAULT
conducted daily. Note which core has failed R, S, or T contact GE.
552 *
553 * I&C Problems
Unit Trip initiates due to failure of Emergency Speed probes and/or MKVI
HP ACCEL/DECEL RATE TOO HIGH, LOSS OF PROT
S1\L12H_ACC_DEC PPRO panel components. Undertake a RCA investigation and resolve
SPD SIG
before any re-start. Emergency speed probes ST-202A, B, C or MKVI
554 *
555 * S1\L12HA PRIMARY OVERSPEED TRIP

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556 * S1\L12HA_P EMERGENCY OVERSPEED TRIP
557 *
Primary & Emergency Speed channels deviate by more than 5%. Fully
S1\L14TNH_DEV SPEED DEVIATION ABOVE LIMIT - TRIP
investigate both channels and produce an RCA before any re-start
558 *
Actual turbine speed compared to speed calculated by the MKVI is outside
S1\L30TN_ERR EXCESSIVE SPEED ERROR predetermined limits. Completely check both the MKVI conduct an RCA
559 * and instigate corrective action.
Three possible problems…(1) Unit is reset at zero speed, (2) Protective
core speed channels indicate excessive deceleration, (3) RST indciate unit
S1\L30TNF SPEED PICKUP FAILURE
speed PPRO sees no speed. Resolve before any restart, conduct RCA
560 * and instigate corrective action.
561 *
562 * Critical Speed
Operator is manually controlling speed and is holding the speed
within the critical speed range; Not advised.
Operator should manually ramp unit up & down in a continuous manner if
S1\L30AS_CRIT CRITICAL SPEED HOLD NOT ADVISED for any reason he needs to hold in this range.
Normal SALI guidelines do not require any holds in this range.
Range 50Hz 1050~1500 RPM
563 * Range 60Hz 1,105~1630 RPM
Operator is manually controlling speed and has selected a speed hold
S1\L30TNR_CRIT SPD TARGET WITHIN CRIT RANGE HOLD NOT ADV point within the critical speed range; Not advised.
564 * Normal SALI guidelines do not require any holds in this range.
565 *
566 * Pressure Transducers
Control monitors three (3) transducers. Alarm produced when spread from
S1\L30AP_DIF ADMISSION PRESSURE XDUCER TROUBLE high to low value exceeds 5%. Control selects the median value and
567 * passes same to APL & APC.
Control monitors three (3) transducers. Alarms when spread from high to
S1\L30IP_DIF INLET PRESURE TRANSDUCER FAULT low value exceeds 5%. Control selects the median value and passes same
568 * to IPL & IPC.
Control monitors three (3) transducers. Spread from high to low value
S1\L30HRHP_DIFF HOT REHEAT PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL HIGH exceeds 5%. Control selects the median value and passes same for use in
Intercept Valve Control and Forward-Reverse Flow modes.
569 *
570 *
571 *
572 * Generator Collector

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573 * S1\L26GAC23_ALM GENERATOR COLLECTOR INLET HIGH TEMP >113F
Collector Outlet Temp exceeds Inlet Temp. by 36F. Check inlet filters for
S1\L26GAH17_ALM GENERATOR COLLECTOR OUTLET HIGH TEMP
574 * blockage.
575 *
576 *
577 * Generator Breaker
578 * S1\L52G1_ALM GENERATOR BREAKER TRIPPED
579 * S1\L52SXA GENERATOR BREAKER TRIPPED
580 * S1\L3BRKR SEQ BRKR TRIP FAILURE-ACTION REQUIRED
581 *
582 * Limiters
"IPL Fixed Limiter" control sub-system is controlling the MCV by
placing a upper limit on it's open position. This subsystem is not
automatic , it must be enabled by the operator. It must be dis-abled for
start-up. This protection works to close the CV's if main steam pressure
S1\L30L_IPL_FL INLET PRESS FIXED LEVEL LIMITER LIMITING
drops below a fixed pressure set-point. Again this is used only at operator
discertion. Provides for protection against water induction and may help to
save a Boiler from tripping. GEK-107151 provides the basic concept and
583 * discuss the "Rate Sensitive" Limiter in detail.
"IPL Rate Limiter" control sub-system is controlling the MCV by
placing a upper limit on it's open position. Automatically enabled at all
times. This protection works to close the CV's if the “rate” of main steam
S1\L30L_IPL_RS INLET PRESS RATE SENSITIVE LIM LIMITING pressure decay exceeds the preset valve (changeable via constants
internal to the control, GE will provide initial settings, these may requiure
adjustment as per site conditions). Provides for protection against water
584 * induction and may help to save a Boiler from tripping. See GEK-107151
"VPL Limiter" control sub-system is controlling the MCV by placing a
upper limit on it's open position. Initially set on reset at CV wide open
position (120.0%) this function must be manually engaged if the operator
S1\L30L_VPL VALVE POSITION LIMITER CONTROLLING wishes such a limit. Operator can use to set a maximum limit (mechanical
stop) on the open position of the CV's. Can be used for CV testing or as a
safety device if balance of plant considerations demand the ST CV "not"
585 * open wide.

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Open position of the ACV is limited by the "Admission Flow Setpoint"
(AFLR). Contained within the APC sub-system is a flow control which is
generally used to ramp pressure control in and out of service. When
S1\L30L_AFL ADM PRESS CTRL FLOW LIMITED
reset it defaults to zero holding the ACV closed, it's limit must be removed
via the operator at HMI or by a remote DCS signal (taken to 128%) such
586 * that the APC signal controls upper open position of the ACV.
"APL Rate Limiter" control sub-system is controlling the ACV by
placing a upper limit on it's open position. Automatically enabled at all
times. This protection works to close the ACV if the “rate” of Admission or
LP steam pressure decay exceeds the preset valve (changeable via
S1\L30L_APL ADMISSION PRESSURE LIMITING
constants internal to the control, GE will provide initial settings, these may
requiure adjustment as per site conditions). Provides for protection against
water induction and may help to save a Boiler from tripping. See GEK-
587 * 107151
588 *
589 * Shaft Voltage & Current Alarms
Typically set at 4A rms. Investigate. See GEK 95154 for a full expanation
S1\L30TSCH HIGH SHAFT CURRENT of the SVM. See GEI-87016 with regrads a manual test of bearing and seal
590 * housing insulation.
591 * S1\L30TSVH HIGH SHAFT VOLTAGE Typically set at 6 Volts AC. See comments above.
592 *
593 *
594 * DCS & E-Stops
595 *
596 *
597 * Auto Stop Software
Alarm provides indication that an automatic "shutdown-Trip" was
initated by the MKVI. Two possible situations cause this trip; #1 Operator
has manually issued an "Auto Stop" command, unit sheds load at the a
S1\L30SDTRIP SHUTDOWN TRIP rate of 20% minute, gen breaker opens on the reverse power relay, MKVI
Trips the ST (Shut-down Trip) (see HMI screen "Speed Control" for the
Auto-Stop command pushbutton) #2 An automatic
598 * shutdown has been initiated as the result of DGP Protection Failure

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Alarm indicates a remote input to the MKVI has requested rapid
closure of the Main Control Valves. The Load-Setback function is
optional and provides a way for a remote customer input to quickly close
S1\L30STBK LOAD SETBACK IN PROGRESS the steam control valves. Rate of closure is site specific. Reason for
initiation of the Setback is also site specific; bascially an abnormal plant
condition demands rapid closure of the steam inlet valves. Closure is
599 * accomplised via the VPL sub-system.
600 *
601 *
602 * MKVI Control Cabinet
603 *
604 *
One of more VTCC's exceeds 113F, on possible board problem (cold
S1\L26CTH_ALM CONTROL PANEL TEMPERATURE HIGH junction sensors on TBTC board / possible board failure). Check Panel air-
605 * con. Check individual sensors.
606 * S1\L27AC_DC1A INCOMING AC #1 POWER LOST Invetsigate & restore.
607 * S1\L27AC_DC2A INCOMING AC #2 POWER LOST Invetsigate & restore.
608 * S1\L27BATTA INCOMING BATTERY POWER LOST Invetsigate & restore.
MK VI VCMI voltage monitor. Alarm if (+125V - (-)125V) < 90 VDC. Could
be a partial ground on either the -125 or -125 side of the DC bus to or in the
S1\L27DZA 125VDC UNDERVOLTAGE MK VI. Don't recommend troubleshooting while turbine running, Measure
each side to ground to see which is grounded and investigate ground from
609 * there.
MKVI VCMI monitors +125V and -125V legs for ground. See GEH-6421I
Vol 1 Chapter 8 for actual alarm specifics. Advise against troubleshooting
on-line. Each side can be measured to confirm alarm condition. This
should be investigated and resolved at the earliest possible oppurtunity.
Typically caused by short or partial short to ground on one or more MK VI
S1\L64D_PNA 125VDC GROUND I/O's. (typically found on digital I/O). Common during commissioning and
may occur if any re-wiring done during commercial ops. Could also be in
DC supply to DC breaker panel or to MK VI. Measure from each bus to
ground. Should be an even split of +/- 62.5 VDC. If + is less, then ground is
on (+) bus, if (-) is less, then ground is on (-) bus. Once suspect bus is
610 * determined troubleshoot cause or contact GE.
Someone has intentionally forced a signal in the MK VI. Operation is not
S1\L30FORCED FORCED LOGIC SIGNAL DETECTED recommended with any signal forced. Can only view forced signals
611 * inside Toolbox by selecting VIEW ->FORCE LISTS

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<R> VCMI card in slot 1 monitoring for unusual activity. VCMI board has
detected a problem with the IONet between this core and others. Check
toolbox for diagnostic alarms on VCMI. This may or may not indicate a
serious condition however data between cores for voting is shared over this
S1\L30COMM_IO_R VCMI IO STATE EXCHANGE FOR <R> FAILED
comm link. Investigate as per Toolbox diagnostic alarm. This alarm is
cleared by selecting DIAGNOSTIC RESET on the HMI. If the alarm persists
it should be investigated. If this cannot be easily determined or resolved
612 * contact GE.
613 * S1\L30COMM_IO_S VCMI IO STATE EXCHANGE FOR <S> FAILED see above
614 * S1\L30COMM_IO_T VCMI IO STATE EXCHANGE FOR <T> FAILED see above

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