LITERARY REVIEW

HDG407 Project 1: Detailed Problem Analysis Group 9 - Spacetastic
CAMERON, Sarah DOHERTY, Jacob HRISTODOULOU, Ioanis LESLIE, Jenna MCDERMOTT, Megan

how spaces effect behaviour digital physical  how spaces are shared green spaces  space value how people move in a space internal 2D / 3D 

SPACE
public

private good/bad spaces

how spaces develop as people use them how spaces define community  country / suburbs / city housing affordability different demographics  speed branching out increasing population disability maps reaching a mobile audience public / private transport

COMMUNITY

what makes a community socio-economic divide lack of community

MOBILITY

population increase

WHAT IS SPACE?
2D / 3D Virtual Physical Perceived Internal (indoors) External (outdoors) Private or public

KEY QUESTIONS
How do spaces effect behaviour? How do people move in space? How do spaces define community? How do spaces develop as people use them?

.

KEY QUESTIONS
How do spaces effect behaviour? How do people move in space? How do spaces define community? How do spaces develop as people use them?

FOCUS
Public spaces
.

WHY DO PEOPLE USE PUBLIC SPACES?
Quality of life Promote social relations Shelter, safety, relaxation

WHY DO PEOPLE USE PUBLIC SPACES?
Quality of life Promote social relations Shelter, safety, relaxation

WHAT MAKES A SUCCESSFUL SPACE?
An environment that accommodates . diverse user needs

FUTURE MELBOURNE
Higher density Population increase

FUTURE MELBOURNE
Higher density Population increase

SPECIFIC SPACE
Public spaces at . Melbourne’s Docklands

TIMELINE
History of the Docklands

Largest port in Southern Hemisphere

Lapse into disuse

Redevelopment planning commences

Recession holts development

First residential tower completed

19th & 20th Centuries

1960’s

1989

1990’s

2001

DOCKLANDS
Key Precincts
North West Docklands Stadium and Surrounds Victoria Harbour South of the Yarra

STATISTICS
Current residents Full-time Workers: 76% DINKS (Dual income no kids): 72% Renters: 65% Age Breakdown: 23.3% (15-24) 60.4% (25-64) Median Age: 30 years
(2006 Cenus Australian Bureau of Statistics)

STATISTICS
Current residents Full-time Workers: 76% DINKS (Dual income no kids): 72% Renters: 65% Age Breakdown: 23.3% (15-24) 60.4% (25-64) Median Age: 30 years
(2006 Cenus Australian Bureau of Statistics)

DEMOGRAPHIC
Males and females primarly aged 15-64 from a . diverse range of socio-economic backgrounds.

GENERAL DESIGN PROBLEM
Visitation to the Docklands has fallen short of predicted estimates

VISITATION ESTIMATES
1999 “20 million visitors annually”
(Keenan, A 1999)

VISITATION ESTIMATES
1999 “20 million visitors annually”
(Keenan, A 1999)

ACTUAL VISITATION STATISTICS
2008 - 2009 . Just under “3.1 million visits”
(VicUrban 2009)

PUBLIC PERCEPTION
Poor reputation Need for community infrastructure Uninviting Lack of identity

ATTEMPTING TO INCREASE VISITATION
VicUrban have increased public events Events are not encouraging re-visitation Causes Lack of public consultation in design process Remedy Public survey involving 2000 people by VicUrban Problem Bias sample

SPECIFIC DESIGN PROBLEM #1
Public space within the Docklands has not satisfied the needs of users i.e. residents, workers and the wider community.

SPECIFIC DESIGN PROBLEM #2
How can we achieve effective public engagement in the planning process of public spaces through better information design and media communications?

CASE STUDY
One North East and Culture North East, England 2004 Explored the cultural and economic life of 5 public spaces in England. Findings: Success “achieved by involvement of the public at many different levels” (Townshend & Madanipour, pg 325). “...the function of the space was commented on rather than physical design” (Townshend & Madanipour, pg 322).

CASE STUDY
Takamatsu Public Patio, Japan 2007 Successful example of community involvement in the design of public space. Findings: Commercial and residential stakeholders were involved in the design process. Innovative research methods were used.

RESEARCH GAP
Research Gap #1 More research is required into the needs and wants of the users in the context of functionality of public spaces. Research Gap #2 Which groups are responding to different research methods and how can these be improved to gain higher response rates.