Specification of Piping and Flowline MH-Crude Export pipeline Designed and Operating Conditions for Pipeline

Size (Internal Diameter) Length Material Corrosion Allowance Service Flange Rating Maximum Operating Pressure Maximum Pressure Allowable

6” for Carbon Steel / two pipe of 125 mm ID for SRC OR one pipe of 156 mm ID for SRC 3.8 Km Carbon Steel OR Spoolable Reinforced Fiber Line Pipes 3 mm for Carbon Steel APPLICABLE for SRC Pipes Processed Crude Oil 600 # 35 barg Operating 35 barg 92.7 barg 116 Barg & NOT

Designed Pressure Hydrotest Pressure

Maximum Operating Temperature 60 °C Maximum Allowable Operating 70 °C Temperature Designed Temperature 75 °C / Black Bulb Temperature Designed Capacity Designed Life Pipeline Design Code Approved Vendor list: 1. SOLUFORCE 2. FIBERSPAR 3. AIRBORNE COMPOSITE TUBULARS B.V. 4. Thermo Flex 10000 BPD 10 Years ASME B31.4 / ISO13703

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OS-1522-06 Munhamir -1-BVS-2/1.Contractor is encouraged to submit the price for any of.1 BVS-2 Coordinates Easting 366328. construction and installation point of view. The pipeline shall have a permanent right of way. OR Two parallel pipes of 125 mm ID OR One Pipeline of 156 mm ID of Spoolable Reinforced Polymer underground Pipe Only one of the above construction material types will be selected by the Company during Commercial Evaluation stage. The pre-construction survey shall confirm and establish that the proposed route: • The optimum from length.20 PTTEP Oman has performed the site survey and the route for the pipeline is proposed in accordance with drawing No. 1. 2.03 2572591. as well as normal direct cost considerations.46 Northing 2571394. Munhamir . Pipeline Route The pipeline shall initiate from Munhamir-1 Well location and shall be tied in to the 10” Shams Export Condensate pipeline at BVS-2. then an alternate route which is more economic in terms of length and constructability shall be proposed to the Company. The drawing has been appended here in Appendix. If not. The radius of curvature of the pipeline foundation along route shall not be less than • • • 500xD. The minimum bend radius shall be confirmed Page 2 of 18 . The co-ordinates of Munhamir-1 and BVS2 is illustrated in below table: Sl.13 369683. The width of ROW shall be 10 m either side from center line of the pipeline. Location Description No. Hot bends or field bends shall be used when lower values are necessary. or both options of pipeline: • • Single 6” ID Carbon Steel underground pipeline. Takes full account of the associated risks particularly safety and environmental risks. 1. the accessibility for maintenance and inspection. D being the pipeline diameter.

power lines. roads. • The minimum distance for pipelines installed in a separate trench alongside an existing buried pipeline shall not be less than 2 m. and 4 m for power lines below 110 kv. cables. railways and waterways are at an angle between 60 and 90 degrees. • • Page 3 of 18 . When installing a pipeline along power lines.by 1000 hour survival test on the product family representative at the qualification test temperature. However this distance can be reduced to a safe minimum distance at BVS-2 Where the pipeline is proposed to be tied in with the Existing Condensate Pipeline. The crossing of existing pipelines. the horizontal distance from any of the power cables and posts is at least 10 m for power lines at 110 kv and above.

OS-1522-06 Munhamir -1-BVS-2/1 shall be verified prior to finalizing the route of the pipeline. A final route for the pipeline shall be established.Figure 1 Shams and Munhamir Road Distance The survey findings as stipulated in the drawing No. Pipeline Crossings The proposed route of the pipeline is expected to cross the service and graded roads at Page 4 of 18 . 2. Based on the confirmation of survey data.

5 railways crossings Note: The cover refers to the undisturbed ground level.8 1. The recommended minimum covers at crossings can be found in Table below: Recommended Minimum Cover at the Crossings for Pipeline Location Minimum cover (m) in Minimum cover (m) Normal ground in Rock.g. The Road Crossings shall be constructed using most suitable method for the Construction.2 0. the method can achieve large burial depths. etc. e. river traffic. existing pipelines.0 1. e. rivers and waterways. Only Road in Location Class 3 & 4 shall be considered as Public Roads.0 1.8 1.g. shall be installed with a minimum vertical separation of 0.6 0. Directional drilling is particularly suitable for long crossings. The pipeline at Crossing Location shall comply with cover as well as separation requirements.2 Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 and 4 Public roads and 1. etc. if any established during design. foundations. Wadi’s Page 5 of 18 . The pipeline and any other buried structures. and it is insensitive to current. It shall be established that the Over burden due to the cover at the crossing location shall not burst the pipe when it is empty and is filled with water & fluid. 3. The Crossing design shall comply with the requirements API RP 1102 and Amendments /Supplements. It is to be noted that Public Roads does not includes the service roads and graded Roads. cables. The crossings shall be designed using casings for the crossing of roads or railways.3 m. requiring (Note 1) blasting 0.minimum two locations.

OS-1522-06 Munhamir -1-BVS-2/1. Falaj etc enroute the pipeline. Soil resistivity for cathodic protection design. then either the route of the pipeline shall be deviated suitably to keep the safe distance between these structures and pipeline else a suitable Crossing shall be designed. landslides. As a result of the verification of data. then PTTEP Oman shall provide sufficient historical data from MOG Oman so as to identify the type of wadi’s and accordingly design the pipeline protection. • • • • • • 6. The survey data as a minimum shall contain: • Population and building densities for the establishment of location classes. Other Crossings In accordance with Drawing No. currents at river crossings. 5. OS-1522-06 Munhamir -1-BVS-2/1. Soil investigation for foundation design (burial and/or supports design). 4. floods. it shall be verified. Proximity to Occupied Buildings There are no buildings in the Proximity of the proposed route. Records of any existing special features which will need reinstatement after construction is completed. including type and density of traffic. Monuments. location of inhabited buildings. monuments. there are no wadi’s along the proposed route of the pipeline. location of rivers. earthquakes. Page 6 of 18 . fauna). subsidence areas (e. There are no Historical Structures. vegetation. roads and railways. falaj is found. The survey data shall be verified. If any historical structures. However as a result of the verification of the survey data.g. If any wadi is found. however during verification of the Survey data. Environmental data (climatic. taking into account any future land development plans. Topographical data.In accordance with Drawing No. Survey’s During Pre-Construction Survey. due to mining activities). Presence of Underground Cables.

5 microns for Carbon Steel Microns The Fluid Velocity in the pipeline may be limited due to the following concerns: • • • • • • Pressure Losses Prevention of Cavitations at pumps and valves Prevention of transient overloads (water hammer) Reduction of Erosion and noise Prevention of Wear in the components such as Valves Pipe diameter and Geometry Page 7 of 18 . The roughness of the internal surface of the pipe shall be assumed as below: • • 2 Microns for Spoolable Reinforced Polymer Pipe 47.7.92”. 8. The above established sizes shall be verified / optimized during engineering or prior to finalizing the size of the pipeline. Sizing The following pipeline sizes have been found suitable for the designed capacity of 10.000 BPD: i) ii) 6” Nominal Diameter Carbon steel with internal diameter of 6. Proximity to Other facilities The requirements of separation between the pipeline (including pig traps) and other facilities within the plant fences or on the offshore platform should be in accordance with Hazardous Area Classification. 5” Nominal Diameter Spoolable Reinforced Polymer Pipe with internal diameter of 4.125”. This shall be done by performing a steady state hydraulic analysis. (construction in 2 parallel pipes) Any change in the either capacity of the pipeline or any of the designed. Process and Operating parameter that has impact on the Pipeline sizing shall warrant revalidation of the pipeline size.

it shall be established that the pipeline shall not have erosion problem. over the complete operational life of the pipeline. Material Selection The Pipeline shall be made up of one of the following materials: • • Spoolable Reinforced Polymer Pipes Carbon Steel. liquid catching and slug control requirements at the downstream end of two phase lines. “Specifications of Spoolable Reinforced Fiber Line Pipes. 10. If the pipeline has been designed for superficial velocity. The Line Pipe manufacturer shall design and manufacture these pipes to meet the Project Design requirements and to comply with the Designed and Operating Conditions. the steady state hydraulic analysis shall provide: • • The pressure and temperature profiles along the pipeline for steady state conditions.The Hydraulic Analysis shall take full account of possible changes in flow rates and operational modes. The maximum fluid velocity in the pipeline shall not be more than the superficial velocity in the pipeline (as an extreme case) and shall not be less than the fluid velocity in 10” Shams Export Condensate pipeline at Tie in Point. The line pipes shall comply with Project Specific Documents. Page 8 of 18 .” and “Line Pipe Specifications” appended here to in Appendix 6. fluid properties and flow rate. The Pipe line made up of these Line pipes shall be suitable to Operate under the Environmental conditions and shall transport the fluid having properties indicated in the Article 3.9 of this document. Data to address: surge pressure during shut-down of a liquid line. 9. Design Life Pipeline: 10 years. For the proposed pipe size.

Design Factors The following design factors for the establishing the adequate strength of the pipeline shall be used.8 Article 840. The pipeline route falls under Location Class 1 Div. The Strength (SMYS) of the pipe shall be increased in consideration with the Design factor considered at a particular location & wherever required the route selection shall take due regard for the cost impact on pipeline sections in location classes of higher category. The Line Pipe manufacturer shall design the minimum required thickness for the said application and thereby shall establish that the D/t Ration is not detrimental to the construction and in-situ integrity of the pipeline.11. Location Class The Pipeline shall be transporting Category B Fluid ( in accordance with ASME B31. Page 9 of 18 .2.2 There is no specific requirement apart from access requirements during construction and for maintenance and emergency services during operations. 12. Strength Considerations D/t Ratio The D/t Ratio requirements shall not exceed: • • 65 for Spoolable Reinforced Polymer Pipes 96 for Carbon Steel.

72 0. 3 and 4 0.8.8.8 Article 840. annular corrosion).60 0.72 0.8 location Class 1 shall be used.8 differentiates crossings with casings and without casings. streets and railways Fabricated assemblies (Note 4) Pipelines on bridges Near concentration of people Pipelines. at a distance less than 50 metres. crossings. not included in ANSI/ASME B31. Note 4: Fabricated assemblies include pig traps. Note 3: Parallel encroachments are defined as those sections of a pipeline running parallel to existing roads or railways.60 0.60 0.g. within plant fences.60 0. Design factors for crossings of rivers. 2. Note 2: ANSI/ASME B31. not specifically covered in ANSI/ASME B31. streets and railways Rivers. headers. whether a casing is used or not. which are inappropriate at critical locations (e.60 0.e.72.72 0. dunes and beaches. Note 6: This category. Note 5: Concentrations of people are defined in ANSI/ASME B31.Design Factor for Pipeline FLUID CATEGORY APPLICABLE CODE LOCATION CLASSES Pipelines Crossings (Note 2) Private roads Unimproved public roads Roads. highways. In such conditions. within plant fences).3. highways. Because of the poor experience of cased crossings (i. is added for increased safety.4 (Note 1) 1. are provided.72 0. valve stations.4 does not makes any provision for using design factors other than 0. block valve stations and pig trap stations (Note 6) A and B B31.60 Note 1: ANSI/ASME B31. design factors in accordance with ANSI/ASME B31. finger type slug catchers. the same design factor is recommended. and for fabricated assemblies. dunes and beaches Parallel encroachments (Note 3) Private roads Unimproved public roads Roads.72 0. Equivalent Stresses Page 10 of 18 .72 0. etc.

and equivalent stresses in the pipe wall under functional and environmental loads do not exceed by 96% during Installation. The equivalent stress shall be defined as follows: Seq= Where as.P) .T1) Fully unrestrained pipeline: Page 11 of 18 . the longitudinal stress and the combined shear stress.The wall thickness for pipeline made up of Carbon Steel. should be such that the longitudinal. Hoop stress: Longitudinal stress: Fully restrained pipeline: SL =  (Sh . shear. 100% during Hydrotest and 90% for Operational Load Case.E  (T2 . Sh SL = = (Sh2 + SL 2.33). derived from hoop stress considerations based on design factors indicated above. b) Environmental loads (defined in Article A841.32). thermal expansion and combined shear stress (due to torque and shear force) • bending) Ss = There are three types of stresses to be considered in the calculation of the equivalent stress: the hoop stress. • Two types of load shall be considered: a) Functional loads (defined in Article A841.ShSL+ 3Ss2)1/2 (Von Mises equation) Seq = equivalent stress hoop stress (due to pressure) longitudinal stress (due to pressure.

Pressure Containment Equivalent Stresses Installation Stresses due to Overburden Page 12 of 18 . The Line pipes shall comply further with the stress requirements as indicated above for Carbon Steel. pipe wall cross section area. bending moment applied to the pipeline. the pipes shall satisfy the following: • • • • D/t Ratio requirements cited in this Section. either made up of Carbon Steel line or of Spoolable reinforced polymer pipes. 13. modulus of elasticity. pipeline diameter. pipe section modulus. pipeline operation temperature. Poisson's ratio. The equivalent stress shall in all cases be less than 72% of SMYS. linear coefficient of thermal expansion.Combined shear stress: P D t  E  T1 T2 Mb Z T Fs A = = = = = = = = = = = = = pipeline internal pressure. The design of Spoolable reinforced polymer pipes shall comply with the requirements of API15S or API17J. wall thickness. shear force applied to the pipeline. Thickness Calculation The Wall thickness of pipe(s). torque applied to the pipeline. pipeline installation temperature.

1. This covers Internal as well as external Corrosion. Page 13 of 18 . This Corrosion Allowance is in accordance with PTTEP Guidelines.1 a) Internal The internal Pipe surface does not contain Steel in any form thereby no Internal Corrosion can take place. thereby no Corrosion phenomenon takes place. 1. For Carbon Steel Line Pipes: The Pipeline shall be protected for Internal Corrosion by providing 3 mm Corrosion allowance. There by no provision of Corrosion Monitoring. The above External Anti Corrosion Coating shall be supplemented with Cathodic Protection System. The pipeline shall have continuous Internal coating for flow enhancement. External Corrosion of the pipeline shall be mitigated either by using the 0. Corrosion For Spoolable reinforced Polymer Pipes: The line pipes do not contain steel.0. No Chemical Injection has been envisaged during the entire designed life. Corrosion Protection in any form is envisaged.0.14.5 mm thick FBE. Pipeline Installation The Pipeline shall be installed in accordance with Project Specific document “Pipeline Construction Specifications” (see Appendix 7).2 b) External The external Pipe surface does not contain Steel in any form thereby no External Corrosion can take place. Contractor shall design a suitable Impressed Current Cathodic Protection System for this pipeline. The Coating condition and the possible Internal Corrosion of the pipeline shall be monitored by: • E/R Probes • • Weight Loss Corrosion Coupons Iron Count Analysis Pipeline design & Layout shall make the required provisions at both ends of the pipeline. 15.

Page 14 of 18 .8 Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 and 4 Service and Graded Roads In determining depth cover in agricultural areas.0 1.6 0. fires and tampering. Recommended Minimum Cover for Onshore Pipeline Made Up of Spoolable Reinforced Polymer Pipe Location Minimum coverMinimum cover (m) (m) in Normalin Rock. The recommended minimum covers are given in the below Table: Recommended Minimum Cover for Onshore Pipeline Location Minimum coverMinimum cover (m) (m) in Normalin Rock.2 1.0 1.6 0. A cover of 1 m would be adequate in most cases.5 0. requiring ground blasting (Note 1) 0. where fencing activities are common.0 1.8 1.0 0.Burial Philosophy / Pipeline Protection The pipeline if made up of Carbon Steel shall be buried to protect it from mechanical damage.8 1.6 0.8 1. requiring ground blasting (Note 1) 0.8 0. In grazing land. a depth cover of 0.8 0.2 Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 and 4 Public roads and railways crossings NOTE 1: The cover refers to the undisturbed ground level.8 m is in general adequate. the depth of ploughing and of drain systems shall be considered.

Following shall be considered while designing the overpressure protection system: • Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure (MAOP).The pipeline shall be protected by Installing Windrows along the route. 16. • Maximum Allowable Incidental Pressure (MAIP). Page 15 of 18 . a warning tape should be installed in the excavation above the pipeline to further lower the risk.e. i. shall not exceed at any point along the pipeline during normal continuous operations. The location of buried pipelines shall be clearly identified by markers. conditions of limited frequency and duration. In areas where the risk of interference by mechanical excavators is high. shall not be exceeded at any point along the pipeline during upset conditions. Overpressure Protection Maximum allowable pipeline pressures The pipeline shall be protected against over pressurization.

17. i. Surge Pressures The pipeline system shall be designed such that surge pressures does not exceed MAIP at any point along the pipeline. and will not trigger the system for overpressure protection from the upstream facility if fitted. Methods of preventing the generation of unacceptably high surge pressures including valve closure speed reduction or special fast-response pressure relief systems close to the point of surge initiation. an overpressure protection system shall be fitted between the upstream facility and the pipeline. Except on assemblies which can be isolated such as pig trap systems and Page 16 of 18 . following failure of the pressure control system. strict adherence to well formulated operating procedures should be implemented.Over pressurization by the upstream facility The design of Overpressure Protection system shall ensure that in case of the pressure immediately upstream of the pipeline is in excess of the evacuation requirements. However. they shall not exceed MAOP. they occur a significant portion of the time. If not sufficient. 18. Thermal Effects The pipeline system shall be designed such that pressures generated by thermal effects do not exceed MAIP at any point along the pipeline. consisting of mechanical safety/relief valves. • An instrumented system with a high reliability for the isolation of the pressure source from the pipeline in case of overpressure (HIPS). The protection against overpressure due to thermal effects may be effected by applying relief valves.e. When those pressures are part of the routine operation of the pipeline. In such case a pressure control system shall be installed to limit the pipeline inlet pressure. the maximum pressure which may be generated by the upstream facility is such that it results in pipeline pressures in excess of MAIP. When. Two methods can be considered: • A system with pressure relief. any type of pressure control system shall not be considered as an overpressure protection system. the pipeline may be designed to operate at lower pressures. and will not trigger the system for overpressure protection from the upstream facility if fitted.

Pipeline shall be terminated at BVS-2 with ITAG Pig Valve. 20. Page 17 of 18 . Contractor shall propose the adequate Tie in Arrangement at BVS-2 which will be approved by PTTEP Oman.slug catchers. Safety Risk Assessment As the pipeline does not passes Location Class 3 and 4 No formal quantitative risk assessment (QRA) is required. 19. and that the pipeline is not shut in while the relief valve is out of service. TIE – IN FLANGE Figure 2 Pipeline Tie-In Point A fanged end concentric reducer shall be utilized to connect the pipeline to the existing 8” Flange provided for the Future Connections. provided that procedural controls are in place to ensure that the isolation valve remains normally in the open position. an isolation valve may be installed between the pipeline and the relief valve for maintenance purposes. The piping arrangement at BVS-2 is shown in Figure 8. Pipeline Tie-In The pipeline shall be tied in to the Condensate pipeline at BVS-2.

and controlled methods of operation. maintenance and inspection. population densities and proximity to occupied buildings. higher wall thickness or stronger steel). Page 18 of 18 . The expected frequency of failure and the possible consequences may be time-dependent and shall be analyzed over the entire life of the pipeline. The risks also depends on the consequences of the failure. and operational mishaps. rerouting. application of facilities to minimize any released fluid volumes. based on the nature of the fluid in terms of flammability.g. providing additional protection to the pipeline. material or construction defects. Risks levels shall be reduced by using lower design factors (e. external loading. and the prevailing climatic conditions. stability. the location of the pipeline in terms of ignition sources.The risk depends on the expected frequency of failure. toxicity and polluting effect.