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Lloyd’s Register Rulefinder 2011 – Version 9.15 MSC/Circular.1175 - Guidance on Shipboard Towing and Mooring Equipment - (24 May 2005)

MSC/Circular.1175 - Guidance on Shipboard Towing and Mooring Equipment - (24 May 2005)

Copyright 2011 Lloyd's Register, International Maritime Organization, International Labour Organization or Maritime and Coastguard Agency. All rights reserved. Lloyd's Register, its affiliates and subsidiaries and their respective officers, employees or agents are, individually and collectively, referred to in this clause as the 'Lloyd's Register Group'. The Lloyd's Register Group assumes no responsibility and shall not be liable to any person for any loss, damage or expense caused by reliance on the information or advice in this document or howsoever provided, unless that person has signed a contract with the relevant Lloyd's Register Group entity for the provision of this information or advice and in that case any responsibility or liability is exclusively on the terms and conditions set out in that contract.

file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1.htm

12-05-2011

with a view to ensuring a uniform approach towards the application of the provisions of SOLAS regulation II-1/38. individually and collectively. fittings and supporting hull structures associated with towing and mooring.Circular Circular 1. The Lloyd's Register Group assumes no responsibility and shall not be liable to any person for any loss. The Maritime Safety Committee. damage or expense caused by reliance on the information or advice in this document or howsoever provided. referred to in this clause as the 'Lloyd's Register Group'. following the recommendations made by the Sub-Committee on Ship Design and Equipment at its forty-eighth session.htm 12-05-2011 . file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1. International Maritime Organization.(24 May 2005) . approved guidance concerning shipboard equipment. and to bring it to the attention of all parties concerned. International Labour Organization or Maritime and Coastguard Agency. at its eightieth session (11 to 20 May 2005). employees or agents are.1175 .15 MSC/Circular. its affiliates and subsidiaries and their respective officers.Page 2 of 13 Lloyd’s Register Rulefinder 2011 – Version 9. unless that person has signed a contract with the relevant Lloyd's Register Group entity for the provision of this information or advice and in that case any responsibility or liability is exclusively on the terms and conditions set out in that contract.Guidance on Shipboard Towing and Mooring Equipment . Lloyd's Register. which is expected to become effective on 1 January 2007. 2. as set out in the annex. Member Governments are invited to use the annexed guidance when applying SOLAS regulation II-1/3-8. All rights reserved. Copyright 2011 Lloyd's Register.

15 MSC/Circular. Fittings and Supporting Hull Structures Associated with Towing and Mooring Annex .Shipboard Equipment. unless that person has signed a contract with the relevant Lloyd's Register Group entity for the provision of this information or advice and in that case any responsibility or liability is exclusively on the terms and conditions set out in that contract.(24 May 2005) .Page 3 of 13 Lloyd’s Register Rulefinder 2011 – Version 9. damage or expense caused by reliance on the information or advice in this document or howsoever provided. its affiliates and subsidiaries and their respective officers.1175 . referred to in this clause as the 'Lloyd's Register Group'.Guidance on Shipboard Towing and Mooring Equipment .htm 12-05-2011 .Annex Shipboard Equipment. All rights reserved. file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1. Lloyd's Register. International Labour Organization or Maritime and Coastguard Agency. individually and collectively. The Lloyd's Register Group assumes no responsibility and shall not be liable to any person for any loss. employees or agents are. International Maritime Organization. Fittings and Supporting Hull Structures Associated with Towing and Mooring Copyright 2011 Lloyd's Register.

15 MSC/Circular. its affiliates and subsidiaries and their respective officers.(24 May 2005) . Lloyd's Register. damage or expense caused by reliance on the information or advice in this document or howsoever provided.1175 . equipment and fittings of sufficient safe working load to enable the safe conduct of all towing and mooring operations associated with the normal operations of the ship. Copyright 2011 Lloyd's Register. The Lloyd's Register Group assumes no responsibility and shall not be liable to any person for any loss.1. employees or agents are.htm 12-05-2011 .Annex Shipboard Equipment. file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1.Guidance on Shipboard Towing and Mooring Equipment .Page 4 of 13 Lloyd’s Register Rulefinder 2011 – Version 9.2. referred to in this clause as the 'Lloyd's Register Group'. Under regulation II-1/3-8 of the 1974 SOLAS Convention. This circular is intended to provide standards for the design and construction of shipboard fittings and supporting hull structures associated with towing and mooring. equipment and fittings shall meet the appropriate requirements of the Administration or an organization recognized by the Administration. shall be provided with arrangements.1 Application 1 Application 1.3. as adopted by resolution MSC. The arrangements. International Labour Organization or Maritime and Coastguard Agency. except high-speed craft and offshore units.194(80) in 2005. International Maritime Organization. All rights reserved. individually and collectively. unless that person has signed a contract with the relevant Lloyd's Register Group entity for the provision of this information or advice and in that case any responsibility or liability is exclusively on the terms and conditions set out in that contract. 1. Fittings and Supporting Hull Structures Associated with Towing and Mooring . 1. Equipment that is used for both towing and mooring should be in accordance with sections 3 and 4. The provisions of this guidance do not require tow lines nor mandate standards for mooring lines onboard the ship. new displacement type ships. which Administrations are recommended to implement.

etc. The Lloyd's Register Group assumes no responsibility and shall not be liable to any person for any loss. etc. Fittings and Supporting Hull Structures Associated with Towing and Mooring . individually and collectively. bolt or other fastening connecting the shipboard fitting to the supporting hull structure is part of the shipboard fitting and subject to any industry standard applicable to such fitting. 2. Lloyd's Register. are not covered by this guidance.2 Definitions 2 Definitions .3. used for the normal towing and mooring operations mentioned above should also be subject to this guidance. unless that person has signed a contract with the relevant Lloyd's Register Group entity for the provision of this information or advice and in that case any responsibility or liability is exclusively on the terms and conditions set out in that contract.2. Other components such as capstans. Copyright 2011 Lloyd's Register. 2. Industry standard means international or national standards which are recognized in the country where the ship is built. International Labour Organization or Maritime and Coastguard Agency. file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1. subject to the approval of the Administration.htm 12-05-2011 . Any weld. All rights reserved.Annex Shipboard Equipment. International Maritime Organization.Guidance on Shipboard Towing and Mooring Equipment . damage or expense caused by reliance on the information or advice in this document or howsoever provided.Page 5 of 13 Lloyd’s Register Rulefinder 2011 – Version 9. Supporting hull structure means that part of the ship structure on/in which the shipboard fitting is placed and which is directly submitted to the forces exerted on the shipboard fitting. For the purpose of this guidance: 2. fairleads. its affiliates and subsidiaries and their respective officers.(24 May 2005) . referred to in this clause as the 'Lloyd's Register Group'. winches.1. employees or agents are.1175 . Shipboard fittings mean bollards and bitts. The hull structure supporting capstans.15 MSC/Circular. stand rollers and chocks used for the normal mooring of the ship and similar components used for the normal towing of the ship. winches.

3.15 MSC/Circular. 3. The design load should be applied through the tow line according to the arrangement shown on the towing and mooring arrangements plan.g. 3.1 or 3. Shipboard fittings for towing should be located on longitudinals.3.htm 12-05-2011 .g.3 Load considerations 3. beams and/or girders. harbour/manoeuvring) should be 1. Other equivalent arrangements may be accepted (for Panama chocks.). file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1.e. 3.2 to 3.g. For other towage service (e. Fittings and Supporting Hull Structures Associated with Towing and Mooring . escort). The design load used for normal towing operations (e.6.1175 . The method of application of the design load to the fittings and supporting hull structure should be taken into account such that the total load need not be more than twice the design load specified in 3.3.1 Strength .2.3.3.1. i.25 times the intended maximum towing load (e.g. etc. 3.3 Towing fittings 3 Towing fittings 3. the design load used to assess its strength and its attachment to the ship should be in accordance with 3.2. ISO 3913:1977 Shipbuilding-Welded steel bollards) accepted by the Administration.4 Shipboard fittings .Guidance on Shipboard Towing and Mooring Equipment .3.Annex Shipboard Equipment. the design load used for each fitting should be the nominal breaking strength of the tow line defined in table 1 based on the equipment number (EN) described in the appendix. Figure A 3.2 Arrangements . The selection of shipboard fittings should be made by the shipyard in accordance with industry standards (e. which are part of the deck construction so as to facilitate efficient distribution of the towing load.3 above. The design load should be applied through the tow line according to the arrangement shown on the towing and mooring arrangements plan. no more than one turn of one line (see figure below). The strength of shipboard fittings used for normal towing operations and their supporting hull structures should comply with the provisions of 3.(24 May 2005) .Page 6 of 13 Lloyd’s Register Rulefinder 2011 – Version 9. static bollard pull) as indicated on the towing and mooring arrangements plan. When the shipboard fitting is not selected from an accepted industry standard.

The SWL of each shipboard fitting should be marked (by weld bead or equivalent) on the deck fittings used for towing. The towing and mooring arrangements plan described in section 5 should define the method of use of towing lines. Fittings and Supporting Hull Structures Associated with Towing and Mooring . allowable shearing stress: 60% of the specified yield point for the material used. International Labour Organization or Maritime and Coastguard Agency. Allowable bending stress: 100% of the specified yield point for the material used. The strength of shipboard fittings used for mooring operations and their supporting hull structures should comply with the provisions of 4. 4.2 should be used. no stress concentration factors being taken into account. The arrangement of the reinforced members (carling) beneath shipboard fittings should consider any variation of direction (laterally and vertically) of the towing forces (which should be not less than the design load as per 3.2.1 and 3.Guidance on Shipboard Towing and Mooring Equipment . The design load applied to shipboard fittings and supporting hull structures should be 1. damage or expense caused by reliance on the information or advice in this document or howsoever provided.3. the greater of the design loads of 3.3. individually and collectively. For fittings used for both harbour and escort purposes. 3.2.5. unless that person has signed a contract with the relevant Lloyd's Register Group entity for the provision of this information or advice and in that case any responsibility or liability is exclusively on the terms and conditions set out in that contract. which are part of the deck construction so as to facilitate efficient distribution of the mooring load.6. Shipboard fittings for mooring should be located on longitudinals.1175 .3) acting through the arrangement of connection to the shipboard fittings. International Maritime Organization. Acting point of towing force 3.5. The SWL used for normal towing operations (harbour/manoeuvring) should not exceed 80% of the design load as given in 3. beams and/or girders.3. 3. its affiliates and subsidiaries and their respective officers.5. All rights reserved.). Allowable stresses 3. The acting point of the towing force on shipboard fittings should be taken at the attachment point of a towing line or at a change in its direction. 4. 3.6. The above provisions on SWL apply for a single post basis (no more than one turn of one line). The Lloyd's Register Group assumes no responsibility and shall not be liable to any person for any loss.1.2 to 4. employees or agents are.1.25 times the breaking file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1.g.6.3.2 Arrangements .3 Load considerations 4. Lloyd's Register.5 Supporting hull structure Arrangement 3.15 MSC/Circular.6 Safe working load (SWL) 3.1 Strength .(24 May 2005) .3.4 Mooring fittings 4 Mooring fittings 4.htm 12-05-2011 . referred to in this clause as the 'Lloyd's Register Group'.2.1.4.3.3. 3. Lloyd’s Register Rulefinder 2011 – Version 9.Page 7 of 13 3.6. Copyright 2011 Lloyd's Register. escort) should not exceed the design load as given in 3. etc.1 and the SWL used for other towing operations (e. Other equivalent arrangements may be accepted (for Panama chocks.Annex Shipboard Equipment.6.

1175 . The above provisions on SWL apply for a single post basis (no more than one turn of one line).25 times the maximum hauling-in force.6. no stress concentration factors being taken into account. should be 1.htm 12-05-2011 .5 Towing and mooring arrangements plan 5 Towing and mooring arrangements plan file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1. 4.5.1.3) acting through the arrangement of connection to the shipboard fittings. International Maritime Organization.5 Supporting hull structure Arrangement 4. All rights reserved.6. The design load should be applied through the mooring line according to the arrangement shown on the towing and mooring arrangements plan.25 times the breaking strength of the mooring line according to 4. The method of application of the design load to the fittings and supporting hull structure should be taken into account such that the total load need not be more than twice the design load specified in 4.3. no more than one turn of one line. 4. The acting point of the mooring force on shipboard fittings should be taken at the attachment point of a mooring line or at a change in its direction. referred to in this clause as the 'Lloyd's Register Group'.5.Page 8 of 13 strength of the mooring line provided in accordance with table 1 based on the equipment number (EN) described in the appendix. unless that person has signed a contract with the relevant Lloyd's Register Group entity for the provision of this information or advice and in that case any responsibility or liability is exclusively on the terms and conditions set out in that contract.3. The SWL of each shipboard fitting should be marked (by weld bead or equivalent) on the deck fittings used for mooring. the fittings should be equivalent to a recognized industry standard in compliance with the design load as per 4.(24 May 2005) . 4. individually and collectively.4.6. International Labour Organization or Maritime and Coastguard Agency.1.g. The towing and mooring arrangements plan described in section 5 should define the method of use of mooring lines.3. Lloyd’s Register Rulefinder 2011 – Version 9. 4. etc. The selection of shipboard fittings should be made by the shipyard in accordance with industry standards (e.Annex Shipboard Equipment. Copyright 2011 Lloyd's Register. employees or agents are.3.2.6. The design load applied to supporting hull structures for winches.3.5.1 above and.3.15 MSC/Circular.6 Safe working load (SWL) 4.3. for capstans. 4.3. The design load should be applied through the mooring line according to the arrangement shown on the towing and mooring arrangements plan. Allowable bending stress: 100% of the specified yield point for the material used. 1. The SWL should not exceed 80% of the design load given in 4.1. i.3.Guidance on Shipboard Towing and Mooring Equipment . 4. The Lloyd's Register Group assumes no responsibility and shall not be liable to any person for any loss. ISO 3913:1977 Shipbuilding-Welded steel bollards) accepted by the Administration. Acting point of mooring force 4. Lloyd's Register. its affiliates and subsidiaries and their respective officers.e.4 Shipboard fittings . When the shipboard fitting is not selected from an accepted industry standard. allowable shearing stress: 60% of the specified yield point for the material used. damage or expense caused by reliance on the information or advice in this document or howsoever provided. 4.2. 4. Allowable stresses 4. The arrangement of the reinforced members (carling) beneath shipboard fittings should consider any variation of direction (laterally and vertically) of the mooring forces (which should be not less than the design load given in 4. Fittings and Supporting Hull Structures Associated with Towing and Mooring .2.

fitting type. .5. .1. .1.Page 9 of 13 5. SWL. Table 1 Mooring and Tow Lines EQUIPMENT NUMBER MOORING LINES TOW LINE see footnote 4 98 98 98 98 98 98 112 129 150 174 207 224 250 277 306 338 370 406 441 149 518 559 603 647 691 738 786 836 888 941 Exceeding Not exceeding Minimum breaking strength (kN) Breaking strength (kN) 1 50 70 90 110 130 150 175 205 140 180 320 360 400 450 500 550 600 660 720 780 840 910 980 1060 1140 1220 1300 1390 1480 1570 2 70 90 110 130 150 175 205 240 280 320 360 400 450 500 550 600 660 720 780 840 910 980 7060 1140 1220 1300 1390 1480 1570 1670 3 34 37 39 44 49 54 59 64 69 74 78 88 98 108 123 132 147 157 172 186 201 216 230 250 270 284 309 324 324 333 file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1.4.2. Information provided on the plan should include in respect of each shipboard fitting: .3. method of applying load of towing or mooring line including limiting fleet angles.htm 12-05-2011 . location on the ship. and . purpose (mooring/harbour towing/escort towing). 5.2. The SWL for the intended use for each shipboard fitting should be noted in the towing and mooring arrangements plan available on board for the guidance of the Master.

Lloyd's Register. its affiliates and subsidiaries and their respective officers. International Labour Organization or Maritime and Coastguard Agency.Appendix . International Maritime Organization.(24 May 2005) . damage or expense caused by reliance on the information or advice in this document or howsoever provided.1175 .Annex Shipboard Equipment. The Lloyd's Register Group assumes no responsibility and shall not be liable to any person for any loss. referred to in this clause as the 'Lloyd's Register Group'. Lloyd’s Register Rulefinder 2011 – Version 9.Guidance on Shipboard Towing and Mooring Equipment . individually and collectively. employees or agents are. Fittings and Supporting Hull Structures Associated with Towing and Mooring .htm 12-05-2011 .Page 10 of 13 1670 1790 1930 2080 2230 2380 2530 2700 2870 3040 3210 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5500 5800 6100 6500 6900 7400 7900 8400 8900 9400 10000 10700 11500 12400 13400 14600 1790 1930 2080 2230 2380 2530 2700 2870 3040 3210 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600 4800 5000 5200 5500 5800 6100 6500 6900 7400 7900 8400 8900 9400 10000 10700 11500 12400 13400 14600 16000 353 378 402 422 451 480 480 490 500 520 554 588 618 647 647 657 667 677 686 686 696 706 706 716 726 726 726 736 736 736 736 736 736 736 736 736 736 1024 1109 1168 1259 1356 1453 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 1471 Copyright 2011 Lloyd's Register. unless that person has signed a contract with the relevant Lloyd's Register Group entity for the provision of this information or advice and in that case any responsibility or liability is exclusively on the terms and conditions set out in that contract.15 MSC/Circular.Equipment Number file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1. All rights reserved.

Equipment Number . its affiliates and subsidiaries and their respective officers. referred to in this clause as the file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1. of the hull. With regard to determining A. in profile view. employees or agents are. in metres. then the wide house should be included but the narrow house ignored.e. h is the sum of freeboard amidships plus the height (at centreline) of each tier of houses having a breadth greater than B/4. i. International Maritime Organization. the area shown below as A2 should be included in A. may be disregarded when determining h and A. from the Summer Load Waterline to the top of the uppermost house. in metres h = effective height.5 m high. in tonnes. International Labour Organization or Maritime and Coastguard Agency. The height of the hatch coamings and that of any deck cargo. from the Summer Load Waterline amidships to the upper deck hi = height.5 m or more in height should be regarded as parts of houses when determining h and A. Lloyd's Register. 2 If a house having a breadth greater than B/4 is above a house with a breadth of B/4 or less. such as containers. on the centreline of each tier of houses having a breadth greater than B/4 A = area.htm 12-05-2011 . in metres. for the lowest tier "h" should be measured at centreline from the upper deck or from a notional deck line where there is local discontinuity in the upper deck where: a = distance. Copyright 2011 Lloyd's Register. superstructures and houses above the Summer Load Waterline which are within the equipment length of the ship and also have a breadth greater than B/4 NOTES 1 When calculating h. 4 The equipment length of the ships is the length between perpendiculars but should not be less than 96% nor greater than 97% of the extreme length on the Summer Waterline (measured from the forward end of the waterline). to the Summer Load Waterline B = moulded breadth.Page 11 of 13 Appendix . when a bulwark is more than 1. The equipment number (EN) should be calculated as follows: where: Δ = moulded displacement. in metres. All rights reserved. in square metres. sheer and trim should be ignored. 3 Screens or bulwarks 1. individually and collectively.

3.Page 12 of 13 'Lloyd's Register Group'. Lloyd’s Register Rulefinder 2011 – Version 9. damage or expense caused by reliance on the information or advice in this document or howsoever provided.2 and provision onboard of such a line is not necessary under this guidance.htm 12-05-2011 .15 Footnote Footnote Information is provided in relation to 3. unless that person has signed a contract with the relevant Lloyd's Register Group entity for the provision of this information or advice and in that case any responsibility or liability is exclusively on the terms and conditions set out in that contract. file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1. The Lloyd's Register Group assumes no responsibility and shall not be liable to any person for any loss.

International Labour Organization or Maritime and Coastguard Agency. unless that person has signed a contract with the relevant Lloyd's Register Group entity for the provision of this information or advice and in that case any responsibility or liability is exclusively on the terms and conditions set out in that contract. All rights reserved. Lloyd's Register. damage or expense caused by reliance on the information or advice in this document or howsoever provided.htm 12-05-2011 . International Maritime Organization. referred to in this clause as the 'Lloyd's Register Group'.Page 13 of 13 Copyright 2011 Lloyd's Register. file://C:\Documents and Settings\cwf\Local Settings\Temp\~hhF3C1. its affiliates and subsidiaries and their respective officers. employees or agents are. The Lloyd's Register Group assumes no responsibility and shall not be liable to any person for any loss. individually and collectively.