Grade 11

Module 4

Unit 11

Vocabulary
N Word 1 appraise 2 aquaculture 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
deforestation ecological fund joint marine overall partnership recreation

Definition
to judge the value or quality of the rearing of aquatic animals or the cultivation of aquatic plants for food the cutting or burning down of all the trees in an area biological , environmental to provide with money for a particular purpose Shared , held or made by two or more people or organizations together of , found in or produced by the sea total association , collaboration activity done for enjoyment when one is not working a discoloration of seawater caused by a bloom of toxic red organisms to feel or cause to feel a sharp tingling or burning pain able to be maintained at a certain rate or level not able to be tolerated

Meaning ‫يقيم‬ ‫تربية الحيوانات‬ ‫المائية‬ ‫قطع الغابات‬ ‫بيئي‬ ‫يمول‬ ‫مشترك‬ ‫بحري‬ ‫بالكامل‬ ‫شراكة‬ ‫استجمام‬ ‫ظاهرة المد‬ ‫يقرص‬ ‫مكتسب‬ ‫ل يطاق‬

11 red tide 12 sting 13 sustainable 14 unbearable

N Word 1 hybrid 2 kidnap 3 latter 4 nominal 5 toenail 6 tusk

Definition
the offspring of two plants or animals of different species or varieties to take ( someone ) away illegally by force denoting the second or second mentioned of two people or things existing in name only the nail at the top of each toe a long pointed tooth that sticks out of the mouth of animals like elephants

Meaning ‫يهجن‬ ‫يختطف‬ ‫الخير / الثاني‬ ‫اسمي / ضئيل‬ ‫ظفر أصبع القدم‬ ‫سن الفيل‬

Grade 11

Module 4

Unit 11

N Word 1 anticipate 2 consent 3 contradict 4 5 6 7 8 dread dump exhaust pipe fell landfill site

Definition
to regard as probable , to expect or predict to give permission for something to happen to deny the truth of ( a statement ) , esp. by asserting the opposite to anticipate with great apprehension of fear to deposit or dispose of ( garbage , waste or unwanted material ) , typically in a careless or hurried way a pipe on a car or machine through which waste gases pass to cut down a place to dispose of refuse and other waste material by burying it and covering it over with soil , esp. as a method of filling in or extending usable land a chimney or pipe for discharging smoke from a locomotive , ship , factory , etc. to doubt the genuineness or truth of

Meaning ‫يتوقع‬ ‫يسمح‬ ‫يناقض‬ ‫يرتعد‬ ‫يتخلص من‬ ‫أنبوب العادم‬ ‫يقتلع‬ ‫موقع نفايات‬

9

smokestack

‫مدخنة‬ ‫يشك‬

10 suspect

N Word 1 amend 2 anxiety 3 chiefly 4 confront 5 international 6 plight 7 symposium 8 tackle 9 worldwide

Definition
to make better , to improve a feeing of worry , nervousness , or unease , typically about an unpleasant event or something with an uncertain outcome above all , mainly to threaten existing , occurring or carried on between two or more nations a dangerous , difficult or otherwise unfortunate situation a conference or meeting to discuss a particular subject to make determined efforts to deal with a problem or difficult task extending or reaching throughout the world

Meaning ‫يحسن‬ ‫قلق‬ ‫رئيسي‬ ‫يواجه‬ ‫دولي‬ ‫ورطة / مأزق‬ ‫مؤتمر‬ ‫يتولي أمر‬ ‫علي مستوي العالم‬

Grade 11

Module 4

Unit 11

1. What are the most serious problems that our planet face nowadays? a. Pollution b. Global warming c. Destruction of rainforests d. Extinction of animals 2. What are the causes of pollution? a. Traffic ( cars and buses ) b. Factories

3. There are many types of pollution. Mention them and suggest solutions. a. Air pollution - We have to fit vehicles with filter. b. Soil pollution - We have to stop dumping wastes and poisoning the soil with chemical pesticides. c. Water pollution - We have to stop throwing chemicals in seas and oceans. d. Noise pollution - We have to banning loud noises and removing airports away from cities. 4. Why is pollution a serious problem? a. It makes people ill. b. It causes bad effects on eyes and lungs. c. It kills animals. 5. What can we do to keep our cities safe from pollution? a. Planting more trees. b. Fitting cars with carbon dioxide filters. c. Moving factories away from city centers. 6. What is meant by global warming? - It is the rise in the Earth's temperature. 7. Why is global warming a serious problem? a. It leads to crucial changes in weather. b. It leads to the melting of ice cap. 8. What efforts can be carried out worldwide to confront global warming? a. Activating the role done by media. b. Saving the rainforests. c. Banning the use of the harmful gases. 9. Cutting down trees is a devastating environmental issue. Why? a. They remove carbon dioxide from the air. b. They help to prevent flooding. c. They provide a habitat for many creatures. Grade 11 Module 4 Unit 11

10. Why is cutting forests considered a serious problem? a. It causes global warming. b. It destroys animals habitat. c. It destroys people's homes. 11. What causes the extinction of animals? a. Hunting b. Destroying their habitats c. Pesticides

12. There are many reasons why a particular animal become endangered. Mention some of them. a. Illegal hunting b. Destroying habitat 13. How can we help the endangered species? a. Banning their hunting. b. Using modern genetic methods to save them ( cloning ). c. Using media to make people aware of their importance. 14. Why is it important to save the endangered species? a. To keep the balance on Earth. b. To give the coming generation the chance to enjoy them. c. They are part and parcel of our heritage. 15. What is CEFAS? - Center for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science. 16. What is EPA? - Environment Public Authority. 17. What does EPA aim to do? - It has goals at all levels: regional, national and international to help save the Environment. 18. What is the joint project between CEFAS and EPA about? - It is to appraise and improve the ecological quality of Kuwait Bay. 19. What are the characteristics of Kuwait Bay? a. It is an important marine resource. b. It provides employment, recreation, food and wildlife habitats. 20. How can we make sure that these resources available in the long time? - The Kuwait Bay must be managed in a sustainable way. 21. What are the Kuwaiti governmental efforts to help the environment? - It is funding EPA to develop a supervision strategy to enhance the water quality Of Kuwait Bay and protect human health. Grade 11 Module 4 Unit 11

22. Where are the Orangutans found nowadays? - They are mainly found in the wild on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. 23. Why have the Orangutans become endangered? a. Habitat destruction b. Climate changes c. Farmers kill adult Orangutans to protect their crops. d. Illegal hunting 24. How illegal hunting is the main threat facing the African elephant? a. Poaching ( illegal hunting ) has reduced their population. b. Poaching creates orphans that are unable to care for themselves. c. Poachers kill mature elephants,, thereby preventing the birth of new elephants. 25. What are the main differences between the African Forest Elephant and the African Bush Elephant? - The African Bush Elephant has: a. a longer and narrower jawbone b. round ears c. a different number of toenails d. straighter and downward pointing tusks e. a considerably smaller size. 26. Some people argue that spending money on people who are starving is far much better than spending much money on endangered species. Discuss. a. Some people are for it as people in poor countries are in bad need of better nutrition and health care. b. Some people are against it as we have to spend these sums of money on saving the endangered species as they are part and parcel of our planet, and to keep the balance on Earth.