Grade 11

Module 4

Unit 12

Vocabulary
N Word 1 accumulate 2 3 4 5 alongside calamity costly dam Definition
to gather together or acquire an increasing number or quantity of close to the side of , next to an event causing great and often sudden damage or distress , a disaster costing a lot , expensive a barrier , typically of concrete , constructed to hold back water and raise its level , the resulting reservoir being used in the generation of electricity or as a water supply a person who has a comprehensive and authoritative skill in a particular area to burn with a sudden intensity a chiefly marine fish that is widely caught for food to flood or flow over a surface or an area to prevent , to make impossible continuing for a long time or longer than usual , lengthy ( esp. of the earth ) to shake or tremble worthy of attention , striking a means of counteracting or eliminating something undesirable a state or situation in which something needed cannot be obtained in sufficient

Meaning ‫يتراكم‬ ‫بطول‬ ‫مأساة / كارثة‬ ‫مكلف‬ ‫سد‬

6 7 8 9 10 11

expert flare up mullet overflow prohibit prolonged

‫خبير‬ ‫يندلع‬ ‫سمك البوري‬ ‫يفيض‬ ‫يمنع / يحرم‬ ‫ممتد‬ ‫يهتز‬ ‫مميز‬ ‫علج‬ ‫نقص‬

12 quake 13 remarkable 14 remedy 15 shortage

N 1 2 3 4 5

Word intensity lethal moist spinning storm cellar

Definition
strength or power sufficient to cause death slightly wet , damp or humid rotating , revolving , turning around a room below ground level , typically used for hiding in during strong storms such as tornadoes ( of a mass of wind or water ) spinning rapidly and pulling things into the centre

Meaning ‫قوة / سلطة‬ ‫مميت / مهلك‬ ‫رطب‬ ‫دوار‬ ‫مخبأ من العواصف‬ ‫دوامة‬

6 vortex

Grade 11

Module 4

Unit 12

N Word 1 announce 2 come in 3 4 5 6 7 8 go out mansion perilously previous regularly turnoff

Definition
to make a public and typically formal declaration about a fact , occurrence or intention when the tide comes in , the sea moves towards the land to become extinguished , to recede to low tide a large , impressive house dangerously , hazardously existing or occurring before in time or order often , frequently a junction at which a road branches off from a main road

Meaning ‫يعلن‬ ‫دخول‬ ‫يتراجع المد‬ ‫قصر ضخم‬ ‫بخطورة‬ ‫السابق‬ ‫بانتظام‬ ‫مفترق طرق‬

N Word 1 absolutely 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 0 demanding impractical lessen map out propose pros and cons standard supply wasteful

Definition
with no qualification , restriction or limitation, totally requiring much skill or effort not sensible or realistic to make or become less , to diminish to plan something carefully or to explain carefully what your plans are to further the progress of ( something esp. a cause , venture , or aim ) , to support or actively encourage advantages and disadvantages serving as or conforming to a standard of measurement or value an amount available or sufficient for a given use , stock using or expanding something of value carelessly

Meaning ‫علي الطلق‬ ‫مجهد / متعب‬ ‫غير عملي‬ ‫يقلل / يخفف‬ ‫يخطط‬ ‫يتقدم بعرض‬ ‫مزايا وعيوب‬ ‫مستوي‬ ‫مخزون‬ ‫يهدر / يبذر‬

Grade 11

Module 4

Unit 12

1. What natural threats cause damage to our lives? a. Volcano eruptions b. Earthquake c. Tornadoes 2. How can we avoid natural threats? a. Living away from rivers that flood. b. Living away from volcanoes that flare up. 3. Aswan Dam helped the Egyptians greatly. Discuss. a. It stops the flooding of rivers. b. It generates electricity. c. It stores water during the rainy season.

d. Floods

4. What is meant by red tide? Why is it dangerous? a. The red tide is a natural phenomenon that happens due to organisms that produce a toxin that kill fishes. b. It causes the death of large quantities of fish. 5. How could architects design buildings that won't fall down during an earthquake? a. By designing buildings that are built on rollers or springs that help the buildings move a little during the earthquake. b. By using materials in building which soften the impact of the earthquake. 6. Why does the water level in rivers rise? Rain falling on hills runs into rivers which raises their level. 7. Why would it be impractical to map out a building that would be absolutely safe in an earthquake? Because earthquakes are too powerful. 8. What kinds of building materials do you think would lessen the impact of an earthquake? Non-rigid materials: rubber, wood and some plastics. 9. What are the bad effects of the power of nature? a. Damaging buildings and cities. b. Killing and injuring the human beings.

Grade 11

Module 4

Unit 12

10. What are tornadoes? Tornadoes are violent, rotating columns of air which are in contact with both the ground and a cloud. 11. Tornadoes can be very destructive. Discuss. a. Tornadoes can reach speeds of up to 400kph. b. They can cause damage to nature and property and can be lethal. 12. When can tornadoes occur? Tornadoes can occur at any time of the year. 13. How long do tornadoes last? They last between ten minutes and several hours. 14. How do tornadoes happen? How are tornadoes born? a. They habitually follow a thunderstorm. b. The warm, moist air in the storm moves up then turns into cold air or rain. c. Wind then turns this mixture into a spinning column and when it touches the ground, a tornado is born. 15. There are several kinds of tornadoes. Discuss. a. Tornadoes including multiple vortexes. b. Satellite tornadoes ( Smaller tornado that forms around a bigger one). c. Waterspouts ( Tornadoes that form above water). 16. How can meteorologists collect information about tornadoes? Through satellites, radar, weather stations and weather balloons. 17. Is it possible to predict tornadoes? It is impossible to predict exactly when a tornado is likely to occur. 18. How can governments protect people against tornadoes? a. By warning people when they think a tornado is likely. b. By educating people about safely procedures. c. By providing aid and shelter. 19. Water shortage is a serious problem. How can we overcome this problem? a. Drilling new water wells. b. Building more desalination plants. c. Extending the water shortage facilities.

Grade 11 True or False & Justify your answer:

Module 4

Unit 12

1. Governments cannot do anything to help people until after a tornado occurs. (X) They can warn people and educate them about what to do. 2. Multiple vortex tornadoes, satellites tornadoes and waterspouts are the only types of tornadoes. (X) These are just some of the types of tornadoes. 3. The technology that meteorologists use is constantly improving. (√) Science and modern technology improve this technology constantly. 4. Alan spout is a tornado which forms above a solid earth. (√) And waterspout is a tornado that forms above seas.

Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Nature Reserve
1. What's the aim of establishing the Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Nature Reserve? a. Protecting and restoring the natural ecosystems of Kuwait. b. Encouraging young Kuwaitis to take an interest in environmental issues. c. Participating in the protection of Kuwait's nature. 2. Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Nature Reserve provides a safe haven for many rare species of flora and fauna. Discuss. a. It’s a vital habitat for numerous species in Kuwait. b. It's an important stopover point for many birds species on migratory travels. 3. Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Nature Reserve contains truly an awe-inspiring variety of wild life. Discuss. a.It contains wild birds and animals like: deer, lizards, golden eagles and flamingo. b. There are over 370 protected and endangered species of plants in the reserve. 4. Kuwait has established a number of nature reserves that show its commitment to wildlife saving. Mention three. a.The Doha Peninsula Nature Reserve b. The Jahra Pools Nature Reserve c.Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Nature Reserve 5. What are the 3R's that help save the environment? a. Reduce the things we use.

b. Re-use things. c. Recycle materials like glass, metal, paper and plastic.