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Multiple-choice questions may continue on ~ k = 0.72098 pN .

kF

the next column or page – find all choices

before answering.

003 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points

001 10.0 points Find the magnitude of the force if the proton’s

The magnetic field at the equator points velocity is (2.4 Mm/s) ̂.

north.

If you throw a negatively charged object Correct answer: 0.576784 pN.

(for example, a baseball with some electrons

added) to the east, what is the direction of Explanation:

the magnetic force on the object?

= (2.4 × 106 m/s) ̂ .

2. Downward correct

F

6

h i

× (2.4 × 10 m/s) ̂ × (1.5 T) k̂

4. Toward the east

Explanation: 1012 pN

×

Use the right-hand rule: point your index 1N

finger east and your middle finger north. Your = (0.576784 pN) ı̂

thumb points upward (representing the force ~ k = 0.576784 pN .

kF

on a positively charged object).

A uniform magnetic field of magnitude 1.5 T Find the magnitude of the force for a velocity

acts in the positive z direction. of (6.6 Mm/s) k̂.

Find the magnitude of the force exerted by

the field on a proton if the proton’s velocity is Correct answer: 0 pN.

(3 Mm/s) ı̂.

Explanation:

Correct answer: 0.72098 pN.

Explanation: Let : ~v = (6.6 Mm/s) k̂

= (6.6 × 106 m/s) k̂ .

Let : q = 1.60218 × 10−19 C ,

~v = (3 Mm/s) ı̂ ~ = (1.60218 × 10−19 C)

F

= (3 × 106 m/s) ı̂ , and h i h i

~ = (1.5 T) k̂ . × (6.6 × 106 m/s) k̂ × (1.5 T) k̂

B

= 0 pN

~ = q ~v × B

F ~ ~ k = 0 pN .

kF

= (1.60218 × 10−19 C)

h i

× (3 × 106 m/s) ı̂ × (1.5 T) k̂

005 (part 4 of 4) 10.0 points

1012pN Find the force if the velocity is (5 Mm/s) ı̂ +

× (1 Mm/s) ̂.

1N

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 2

The magnetic force on a wire is given by

Correct answer: 1.22543 pN.

~ mag = I L

F ~ ×B

~.

Explanation:

The magnitude of the magnetic force is given

Let : ~v = (5 Mm/s) ı̂ + (1 Mm/s) ̂ by

= (5 × 106 m/s) ı̂ + (1 × 106 m/s) ̂ . F = I L B sin θ ,

~ = (1.60218 × 10−19 C)

F where θ is the angle between the magnetic

field and the current. The direction of the

× (5 × 106 m/s) ı̂ + (1 × 106 m/s) ̂

magnetic force is determined by the right-

i 1012 pN

hand rule: Force directed out of the palm of

h

× (1.5 T) k̂ ×

1N the hand, fingers in the direction of the field,

= (0.240327 pN) î − (1.20163 pN) ĵ . thumb in the direction of the current.

By applying these, we find that the magni-

The magnitude is tude of the magnetic force on the segment of

~

q ab is

kF k = (0.240327 pN)2 + (1.20163 pN)2

Fab = B I Lab sin θab .

= 1.22543 pN .

Because the magnetic field is parallel to the

current,

006 (part 1 of 4) 10.0 points Fab = 0 N .

The cube in the figure is 14.2 cm on each

edge. Four straight segments of wire (ab, bc,

cd, and da) form a closed loop that carries a 007 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points

current of 4.75 A, in the direction shown. A Find the magnitude of the magnetic force on

uniform magnetic field of 0.037 T acts in the the segment bc.

positive y direction.

y Correct answer: 0.0249565 N.

~

B

Explanation:

b a

b Let : Lbc = 14.2 cm = 0.142 m.

d

b

b x The magnitude of the magnetic force on the

b segment bc is

c

z Fbc = B I Lbc sin θbc

Find the magnitude of the magnetic force = (0.037 T) (4.75 A) (0.142 m) sin 90◦

on the segment ab. = 0.0249565 N

Explanation:

008 (part 3 of 4) 10.0 points

Find the magnitude of the magnetic force on

Let : Lab = 14.2 cm = 0.142 m ,

the segment cd.

B = 0.037 T , and

I = 4.75 A . Correct answer: 0.0249565 N.

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 3

Explanation:

q Region of

m Magnetic

√ hole Field B

Let : Lcd = 0.142 m = 0.200818 m.

E

The magnitude of the magnetic force on the

segment cd is

= (0.037 T) (4.75 A) (0.200818 m) sin 45◦ What is the sign of the charge of the parti-

cle? Neglect relativistic effects.

= 0.0249565 N

1. The charge q is negative (−) .

in the −z direction.

2. The charge q is positive (+) . correct

009 (part 4 of 4) 10.0 points

Find the magnitude of the magnetic force on 3. The charge q cannot be determined.

the segment da.

Explanation:

Explanation:

Lda = Lcd The charge accelerates toward the negative

plate and away from the positive plate, so the

The magnitude of the magnetic force on the charge is positive.

segment da is

011 (part 2 of 6) 10.0 points

Fda = B I Lda sin θda Which way does the magnetic field point?

= (0.037 T) (4.75 A) (0.200818 m) sin 90◦

1. Into the page

= 0.0352938 N

2. To the left

parallel to x-z plane at 45◦ to both the +x

and +z directions. 3. Toward the bottom of page

charge of magnitude 3.2 × 10−19 C is acceler-

ated from rest in the plane of the page through 6. Out of the page correct

a potential difference of 302 V between two

parallel plates as shown. The particle is in- 7. Toward the top of page

jected through a hole in the right-hand plate

into a region of space containing a uniform

magnetic field of magnitude 0.363 T oriented

perpendicular to the plane of the page. The

particle curves in a semicircular path and

strikes a detector. Explanation:

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 4

The force on the particle is given by the

+q −

Lorentz force law

m

+ hole − ~ = q ~v × B

~

F

+ − B ~k = qvB

kF

E

= (3.2 × 10−19 C) (63363.7 m/s) (0.363 T)

−

+ = 7.36033 × 10−15 N .

+ −

~ is down. By the right-hand

rection of ~v × B 014 (part 5 of 6) 10.0 points

~ points out of the page.

rule, B What is the distance from the point of injec-

tion to the detector?

012 (part 3 of 6) 10.0 points

What is the speed of the charged particle as Correct answer: 0.0525194.

it enters the region of the magnetic field? Explanation:

The acceleration of the particle will be cen-

Correct answer: 63363.7 m/s. tripetal:

Explanation:

m v2

Let : m = 4.814 × 10 −26

kg , = qvB

r

V = 302 V , and mv

r=

|q| = 3.2 × 10−19 C . qB

(4.814 × 10−26 kg) (63363.7 m/s)

The change in kinetic energy of the charged =

(3.2 × 10−19 C) (0.363 T)

particle is equal to the work done on it by the

= 0.0262597 m ,

potential difference:

and the distance from the point of injection

1 to the detector is

m v2 = q V

2 r

2qV 2 r = 2 (0.0262597 m) = 0.0525194 m .

v=

m

s

2 (3.2 × 10−19 C) (302 V)

= 015 (part 6 of 6) 10.0 points

4.814 × 10−26 kg

What is the work done by the magnetic field

= 63363.7 m/s . on the charged particle during the semicircu-

lar trip?

013 (part 4 of 6) 10.0 points 1. W = 6.15229 × 10−17 J

What is the magnitude of the force exerted on

the charged particle as it enters the region of 2. W = −6.15229 × 10−17 J

~ ?

the magnetic field B

3. W = 0 J correct

Correct answer: 7.36033 × 10−15 N.

Explanation: 4. W = 1.9328 × 10−16 J

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 5

ℓ = 0.108 m ,

7. W = −9.664 × 10−17 J m = 0.129 kg ,

i = 0.7 A , and

8. W = −4.832 × 10−17 J

B = 0.012 T .

9. W = −1.9328 × 10−16 J Look down the positive y-axis at the coil

Explanation: (that is, from the right-hand side of the origi-

nal figure).

~ · ~d .

W =F

z

The magnetic field causes a force which is θ

perpendicular to the displacement, so no work

is done. φ

A long piece of wire with a mass of 0.129 kg

and a total length of 3.024 m is used to make B

x

a square coil with a side of 0.108 m. The

coil is hinged along a horizontal side (the y

axis), carries a 0.7 A current, and is placed in µ

a magnetic field with a magnitude of 0.012 T

mg

in the vertical direction along the z axis as

shown in the figure below.

The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 .

z

Let θ be the angle the plane of the loop

θ makes with the z axis as shown.

i = 0.7 A Then the angle the coil’s magnetic moment

µ makes with the z axis is φ = 90◦ − θ ; e.g.,

0. 1

08

m

L

N=

x circumference

0.108 m 3.024 m

=

4 (0.108 m)

B = 0.012 T

B = 0.012 T

= 7.

is

~

τg = ~r × F

Determine the angle that the plane of the

coil makes with the z axis when the coil is in ℓ

= cos φ m g ,

equilibrium. 2

where ℓ is the length of each side of the square

Correct answer: 0.575605◦.

loop. This gravitational torque tends to ro-

Explanation: tate the loop clockwise.

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 6

The torque due to the magnetic force tends

to rotate the loop counterclockwise about the ∆I

z-axis and has magnitude τm = N B I A sin φ. E =L

∆t

At equilibrium,

0.9 A − 0.12 A

= (0.0039 H)

0.18 s

τm = τg

m g (ℓ cos φ) = 0.0169 V = 16.9 mV .

N B I ℓ2 sin φ = .

2

019 10.0 points

Thus

mg The potential at a is higher than the poten-

tan φ = tial at b.

2N B I ℓ

(0.129 kg) (9.8)

=

2 (7) (0.012 T) (0.7 A) (0.108 m)

= 99.537 . core

the loop makes with the z axis at equilibrium Va > Vb

is a b

the current I in the inductor could be true?

a) I flows from a to b and is steady.

017 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points b) I flows from a to b and is increasing.

Find the torque acting on the coil due to the c) I flows from a to b and is decreasing.

magnetic force at equilibrium. d) I flows from b to a and is steady.

e) I flows from b to a and is increasing.

Correct answer: 0.000685809 N · m. f) I flows from b to a and is decreasing.

Explanation:

At equilibrium, 1. (a) or (d)

= N B I ℓ2 cos θ

3. (c) or (f)

= (7) (0.012 T) (0.7 A) (0.108 m)2

× cos(0.575605◦ ) 4. (b) or (f) correct

= 0.000685809 N · m .

5. (c) or (e)

Explanation:

018 10.0 points The potential decreases in the direction of

A coil has an inductance of 3.9 mH, and the increasing current and increases in the direc-

current through it changes from 0.12 A to tion of decreasing current; i.e.,

0.9 A in 0.18 s. dI

Find the magnitude of the average induced E = −L .

dt

emf in the coil during this period.

020 (part 1 of 4) 10.0 points

Correct answer: 16.9 mV.

A solenoid has a length of 25 cm, a radius of

Explanation: 1 cm, 500 turns, and carries a 5 A-current.

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 7

The permeability of free space is 4 π ×

10−7 T · m/A. Correct answer: 0.394784 mH.

Find the magnetic field on the axis at the Explanation:

center of the solenoid.

Explanation: I = 5 A.

The self-inductance of the solenoid is

Let : N = 500 , Φ

L=

ℓ = 25 cm = 0.25 m , I

0.00197392 Wb 103 mWb

I = 5 A , and = ·

5A 1 Wb

µ0 = 4 π × 10−7 T · m/A .

= 0.394784 mH .

The magnetic field on the axis at the center

of the solenoid is

023 (part 4 of 4) 10.0 points

N Find the magnitude of the induced emf in the

B = µ0 I solenoid when the current changes at 120 A/s.

ℓ

−7 500

= (4 π × 10 T · m/A) (5 A) Correct answer: 47.3741 mV.

0.25 m

103 mT Explanation:

×

1T

= 12.5664 mT . dI

Let : = 120 A/s .

dt

The induced emf in the solenoid is

021 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points

dI

Find the flux through the solenoid, assuming ε = −L

B to be uniform. dt

= −(0.394784 mH) (120 A/s)

Correct answer: 0.00197392 Wb. = −47.3741 mV ,

Explanation: which has a magnitude of 47.3741 mV .

keywords:

Let : r = 1 cm = 0.01 m and

B = 12.5664 mT = 0.0125664 T . 024 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points

Φ=N BA R

= N B π r2

= (500) (0.0125664 T) π (0.01 m)2 R L

P

= 0.00197392 Wb .

E

S

022 (part 3 of 4) 10.0 points

Find the self-inductance of the solenoid.

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 8

What is the instantaneous current at point LE

7. UL =

P immediately after the switch is closed? 4R

2E L R2

1. IP (0) = 8. UL =

R 2 E2

EL LE

2. IP (0) = 9. UL =

2R 16 R

E LE

3. IP (0) = 10. UL =

2R 8R

Explanation:

4E

4. IP (0) = After the switch has been closed for a long

R time, the current in L does not change any

5. IP (0) = 0 correct more, so there is no voltage increase nor de-

crease across L. Therefore, the current going

8E E

6. IP (0) = through L is I = , which gives the energy

R R

E stored in L as

7. IP (0) =

R 1 L E2

UL = L I2 = .

E 2 2 R2

8. IP (0) =

RL

16 E 026 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points

9. IP (0) = After the switch has been closed for a long

R

3E time, it is opened at time t = 0.

10. IP (0) = Which of the following graphs best repre-

R

sents the subsequent current I at point P as

a function of time t?

Explanation:

The current in L has to change gradually, so

Current, I [A]

4

is no current going through point P. 3

2

1

025 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points 1. 0

When the switch has been closed for a long 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910

time, what is the energy stored in the induc- Time, t [s]

tor?

Current, I [A]

5

E 2 R2 4

1. UL = 3

4L 2

1

L E2 2. 0

2. UL = correct

2 R2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910

LE Time, t [s]

3. UL =

32 R

Current, I [A]

5

LE 4

4. UL = 3

2R 2

LE 1

5. UL = 3. 0

3R

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910

L E2

6. UL = Time, t [s]

4 R2 correct

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 9

Current, I [A]

5

Current, I [A]

5 4

4 3

3 2

2 1

1 0

4. 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910 Time, t [s]

Time, t [s]

027 10.0 points

Current, I [A]

4

3 30 H and a resistance of 6 Ω. It is connected

2 to a DC power source of 250 V.

1 Find the time for the current to reach 20 A.

5. 0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910

Time, t [s] Correct answer: 3.26963 s.

Explanation:

Current, I [A]

5

4

3

2 Let : L = 30 H ,

1

6. 0 R = 6 Ω,

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910 I = 20 A , and

Time, t [s] Eo = 250 V ,

Current, I [A]

5

4 The current constant of this inductance is

3

2 ε0 250 V

1 If = = = 41.6667 A ,

7. R 6Ω

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910 and the time constant

Time, t [s]

L 30 H

τ= = = 5 s.

Current, I [A]

5 R 6Ω

4

3 If the current is initially zero in this LR cir-

2 cuit, the current at time t is

1

8. 0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910 I = If 1 − e−t/τ

Time, t [s] I

= 1 − e−t/τ

Explanation: If

At time t = 0, the current at P is not zero I

e−t/τ = 1 −

because the current going through L cannot If

be changed abruptly. Also from Kirchhoff’s t

1−I

rule, we have − = ln

τ If

dI I

L + I R + I R = 0, t = −τ ln 1 −

dt If

20 A

which will give the expression for the current = −(5 s) ln 1 −

41.6667 A

I as I = I0 e−2 R t/L .

The correct graph is = 3.26963 s .

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 10

If a = 5 cm , what is the magnitude of the

028 10.0 points magnetic moment?

An inductor of 370 turns has a radius of 8 cm

and a length of 19 cm. Correct answer: 0.0981748 A · m2 .

The permeability of free space is

Explanation:

1.25664 × 10−6 N/A2 .

Find the energy stored in it when the cur-

rent is 0.8 A. Let : I = 5 A and

Correct answer: 0.00582558 J. a = 5 cm = 0.05 m .

with common center. By a right hand rule

the magnetic field from both loops is into the

Let : r = 8 cm = 0.08 m ,

plane of the loop (−ı̂). From Biot-Savart law

ℓ = 19 cm = 0.19 m , µ0 I

the magnetic field from upper loop is and

N = 370 turns , 4a

µ0 I

I = 0.8 A , and from the lower loop, it is . Hence

8a

µ0 = 1.25664 × 10−6 N/A2 .

~ 2 µ0 I µ0 I

The inductance is B=− + ı̂

8a 8a

A π r2 3 µ0 I

L = µ0 N 2 = µ0 N 2 =− ı̂ .

ℓ ℓ 8 a

−6

= (1.25664 × 10 N/A2)

π (0.08 m)2 Magentic moment is

× (370 turns)2

0.19 m

µ=IA

= 0.018205 H .

The energy stored in an inductor is and the area is

1 1 2 5

L I2 π a + π (2 a)2 = π a2 .

U= A=

2 2 2

1

= (0.018205 H)(0.8 A)2 Using appropriate right hand rule, (fingers

2

pointing along current, then thumb points in

= 0.00582558 J .

direction of magnetic moment) the direction

thumb point in is −ı̂. Thus magnetic moment

029 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points is

A 5 A current flows in the directions indicated 5

by the arrows in the figure along a wire bent ~µ = − π a2 I ı̂

2

to form concentric semicircles. 5

5A = − π (0.05 m)2 (5 A) ı̂

2

k̂ = −0.0981748 A · m2 ı̂

a

k~µk = 0.0981748 A · m2 .

̂

O

ı̂

2a

ment is 0.0981748 A · m2 .

5A ı̂ is upward

from the paper

030 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 11

What is the direction of the magnetic mo-

◦ ×

ment?

◦ ×B

◦ ×

1. µ̂ = −̂

◦ ×

◦ × i v

I

2. µ̂ = +ı̂

◦ ×

◦ ×

3. µ̂ = +̂

◦ ×

◦ ×

4. µ̂ = −ı̂ correct

032 10.0 points

5. µ̂ = −k̂

A wire carries a current of I = 16 A along the

x-axis from x1 = −8.9 cm to x2 = 6.3 cm.

6. µ̂ = +k̂

y

7. None of these

P

Explanation:

See previous Part. x

x1 x2

031 10.0 points I

Consider a long straight wire and a wire loop

Find the magnitude of the resulting mag-

in the same plane. The long wire has a current

netic field at the point r = 1.4 cm on the y

flowing in the direction shown. The wire loop

axis.

is moving in the direction shown.

Correct answer: 224.527 µT.

Explanation:

wire

v Let : x1 = −8.9 cm ,

I

x2 = 6.3 cm , and

straight

r = 1.4 cm = 0.014 m .

wire loop

From the Biot-Savart Law

The current in the loop is flowing dB~ = µ0 I d~s × r̂ ,

4π r2

1. clockwise. correct the magnetic field at a point from a straight

line segment is

2. There is no current in the loop. µ0 I

B= (cos θ1 − cos θ2 ) .

4πr

3. counter-clockwise.

In this case,

y

Explanation: θ1 = arctan

−x1

Using the right hand rule, and taking into

consideration the direction of the magnetic 1.4 cm

= arctan

field, we find that the direction of the current −(−8.9 cm)

◦

flowing in the loop is as shown in the figure. = 8.93957 , and

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 12

◦ y

θ2 = 180 − arctan

x BD

2

1.4 cm

= 180◦ − arctan 2. P correct

6.3 cm

◦

= 167.471 , BC BB

BA

so the resultant magnetic field is

BA

µ0 I

B= (cos θ1 − cos θ2 )

4πd 3.

µ0 (16 A) P

= (cos 8.93957 ◦ BC BB

4 π (0.014 m)

BD

− cos 167.471 ◦ )

= 224.527 µT .

BB

033 10.0 points 4. P

Four long, parallel conductors carry equal cur- BC

rents. A cross-sectional view of the conduc- BA BD

tors is shown in the figure. Each side of the

square has length of 0.8 m. The current direc-

tion is out of the page at points indicated by BD BA

the dots and into the page at points indicated BB BC

by the crosses. 5. P

A y D

−2 A × × −2 A

P x BD

BB BC

6. P

−2 A × +2 A BA

B 0.8 m C

Which diagram correctly denotes the direc-

tions of the components of the magnetic field

from each conductor at the point P ?

Explanation:

BD The directions of the magnetic field due

BB to each wire are given by the right hand rule,

1. where the thumb points in the direction of the

P

current and your fingers curl in the direction

BC of the magnetic field’s circular path.

BA

Consider the magnetic field contributions

due to the currents in A and B only:

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 13

A A D

−2 A × −2 A × × −2 A

P P

BB

BA

−2 A × −2 A × +2 A

B B C

Consider the magnetic field contributions At P, the direction of the resulting magnetic

due to the currents in C and D only: ~ net

B 1

field = √ (−ı̂ − ̂) .

D Bnet 2

× −2 A

034 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

BD The figure below shows a straight cylindrical

coaxial cable of radii a, b, and c in which

equal, uniformly distributed, but antiparallel

P

currents i exist in the two conductors.

BC a

iout ⊙ b

+2 A c

C

Consider the results of all four magnetic iin ⊗

field contributions superimposed on one an-

other: O

F

A 0.8 m D

E

−2 A × × −2 A

D r1

BD r2

C r3

P r4

BC BB

BA Which expression gives the magnitude of

the magnetic field in the region c < r2 < b (at

−2 A × +2 A E)?

B C

µ0 i (a2 − b2 )

1. B(r2 ) =

2 π r2 (r22 − b2 )

2. B(r2 ) = 0

µ0 i

3. B(r2 ) =

π r2

µ0 i

4. B(r2 ) = correct

2 π r2

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 14

µ0 i (a2 + r22 − 2 b2 )

5. B(r2) = µ0 i (r32 − b2 )

2 π r2 (a2 − b2 ) 4. B(r3 ) =

µ0 i (r22 − b2 ) 2 π r3 (a2 − b2 )

6. B(r2) = 5. B(r3 ) = 0

2 π r2 (a2 − b2 )

µ0 i (a2 − r22 ) µ0 i r 3

7. B(r2) = 6. B(r3 ) =

2 π r2 (a2 − b2 ) 2 π c2

µ0 i r 2 µ0 i (a2 + r32 − 2 b2 )

8. B(r2) = 7. B(r3 ) =

2 π b2 2 π r3 (a2 − b2 )

µ0 i r 2 µ0 i

9. B(r2) = 8. B(r3 ) =

2 π a2 2 π r3

µ0 i r 2 µ0 i r 3

10. B(r2) = 9. B(r3 ) =

2 π c2 2 π b2

Explanation: µ0 i

Ampere’s Law states that the line inte- 10. B(r3 ) =

I π r3

gral ~ · d~ℓ around any closed path equals

B Explanation:

µ0 I, where I is the total steady current pass- For b < r3 < a,

ing through any surface bounded by the closed µ0 Ien

path. B=

2 π r3

Considering the symmetry of this problem,

π (r32 − b2 )

we choose a circular path, so Ampere’s Law µ0 i − i

simplifies to π (a2 − b2 )

=

2 π r3

B (2 π r1 ) = µ0 Ien ,

2

a − r32

µ0 i

a 2 − b2

where r1 is the radius of the circle and Ien is =

2 π r3

the current enclosed.

For c < r2 < b, µ0 i (a2 − r32 )

= .

2 π r3 (a2 − b2 )

µ0 Ien

B=

2 π r2 036 10.0 points

µ0 (i) A cross section of a long solenoid that carries

=

2 π r2 current I is shown.

µ0 i I (into the page)

= .

2 π r2

r

035 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

Which expression gives the magnitude B(r3 )

I

r3 < a?

I (out of the page)

µ0 i (a2 − r32 )

1. B(r3) = correct All of the following statements about the

2 π r3 (a2 − b2 ) ~ inside the solenoid are cur-

magnetic field B

µ0 i (a2 − b2 ) rent EXCEPT

2. B(r3) =

2 π r3 (r32 − b2 )

µ0 i r 3 ~ is proportional to

1. The magnitude of kBk

3. B(r3) = the current I.

2 π a2

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 15

2. kBk 2. both will move toward the left.

3. An approximate value for the magnitude 3. will heat up, and remain motionless.

~ may be determined by using Ampère’s

of kBk

law. 4. will change in a way not determined by

the information given.

~ is proportional to

4. The magnitude of kBk

the distance from the axis of the solenoid. 5. will move toward each other. correct

correct

6. both will move toward the right.

5. The magnitude of kBk~ is proportional to

the number of turns of wire per unit length. Explanation:

Both currents in the rods move downward,

Explanation: so they are parallel currents that attract,

For the ideal solenoid, kBk ~ in the inte-

causing them to accelerate toward each other.

rior space is uniform and parallel to the axis

~ in the space surrounding the coil is

and kBk 038 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points

zero. Consider a rectangular path of length The magnetic field at the right-most rod, due

ℓ and width w, with the sides either parallel to the current in the rod immediately to its

or perpendicular to the axis. We can apply left, is

Ampere’s law to this path by evaluating the

~ · d~s over each side of the rectan-

integral of B 1. out of the plane of the paper. correct

gle, which gives

B = µ0 n I .

3. in the plane of the paper pointing left.

It is obvious from the expression above that

4. not determined from information given.

B is independent of the distance to the axis

of the solenoid. 5. into the plane of the paper.

Two identical parallel sections of metal rods The battery’s positive terminal is above its

are connected parallel to a battery as shown. negative terminal, so the current flows up-

The two sections of metal rods are free to ward through the battery and down through

move. movable metal rods. We use the following

modified right hand rule for a current going

b b down in the metal rod on the left side. With

your right hand imagine grabbing the rod

with your thumb in the direction of the cur-

5.2 m

the paper at the right-most rod; this is the di-

rection of the magnetic field produced by the

rod on the left side acting on the right rod.

0.1 m

When the switch is closed, the two parallel 039 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points

metal rods The battery is 2.6 V, each metal rod has a

resistance R = 2.39 Ω, a length of 5.2 m, and

1. will move away from each other. a mass of 0.0016 kg . The rods are separated

parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 16

by 0.1 m . E

Substituting I = , and the expression for

Find the magnitude of the acceleration of R

each rod. Neglect the resistance of the part of B , gives

the circuit not specifically mentioned below. 2

E µ0 ℓ

F = I ℓB = .

Correct answer: 0.00769244 m/s2 . R 2 π ∆r

Explanation: Since F = m a , the acceleration is

2

E µ0 ℓ

a=

Let : E = 2.6 V , R 2 π ∆r m

2

µ0 = 1.25664 × 10−6 N/A2 , (1.25664 × 10−6 N/A2) (5.2 m)

2.6 V

=

R = 2.39 Ω , 2.39 Ω 2 π (0.1 m) (0.0016 kg)

m = 0.0016 kg , = 0.00769244 m/s2 .

ℓ = 5.2 m , and

∆r = 0.1 m .

b b

E

ℓ

∆r

The attractive forces on each metal rod are

equal and opposite to each other, and each

force has its magnitude given by F = I ℓ B

with I the current in a rod, ℓ the length of

that rod and B the magnetic field at the rod

due to the current in the other rod. Since the

separation ∆r of the rods, is much less than

ℓ, we can use Ampere’s law to find

I

~ · d~ℓ = 2 π ∆r B = µ0 I

B

µ0 I

B= .

2 π ∆r

Further, the voltage drop through the rod

equals the voltage E of the battery; i.e.,

E

E = I R , and I = , and

R

E

µ0

R

B= .

2 π ∆r

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