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parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 1

This print-out should have 39 questions. = −(0.72098 pN) ̂


Multiple-choice questions may continue on ~ k = 0.72098 pN .
kF
the next column or page – find all choices
before answering.
003 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points
001 10.0 points Find the magnitude of the force if the proton’s
The magnetic field at the equator points velocity is (2.4 Mm/s) ̂.
north.
If you throw a negatively charged object Correct answer: 0.576784 pN.
(for example, a baseball with some electrons
added) to the east, what is the direction of Explanation:
the magnetic force on the object?

1. Upward Let : ~v = (2.4 Mm/s) ̂


= (2.4 × 106 m/s) ̂ .
2. Downward correct

3. Toward the west ~ = (1.60218 × 10−19 C)


F
 6
 h i
× (2.4 × 10 m/s) ̂ × (1.5 T) k̂
4. Toward the east
Explanation: 1012 pN
×
Use the right-hand rule: point your index 1N
finger east and your middle finger north. Your = (0.576784 pN) ı̂
thumb points upward (representing the force ~ k = 0.576784 pN .
kF
on a positively charged object).

002 (part 1 of 4) 10.0 points 004 (part 3 of 4) 10.0 points


A uniform magnetic field of magnitude 1.5 T Find the magnitude of the force for a velocity
acts in the positive z direction. of (6.6 Mm/s) k̂.
Find the magnitude of the force exerted by
the field on a proton if the proton’s velocity is Correct answer: 0 pN.
(3 Mm/s) ı̂.
Explanation:
Correct answer: 0.72098 pN.
Explanation: Let : ~v = (6.6 Mm/s) k̂
= (6.6 × 106 m/s) k̂ .
Let : q = 1.60218 × 10−19 C ,
~v = (3 Mm/s) ı̂ ~ = (1.60218 × 10−19 C)
F
= (3 × 106 m/s) ı̂ , and h i h i
~ = (1.5 T) k̂ . × (6.6 × 106 m/s) k̂ × (1.5 T) k̂
B
= 0 pN
~ = q ~v × B
F ~ ~ k = 0 pN .
kF
= (1.60218 × 10−19 C)
 h i
× (3 × 106 m/s) ı̂ × (1.5 T) k̂

005 (part 4 of 4) 10.0 points
1012pN Find the force if the velocity is (5 Mm/s) ı̂ +
× (1 Mm/s) ̂.
1N
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 2
The magnetic force on a wire is given by
Correct answer: 1.22543 pN.
~ mag = I L
F ~ ×B
~.
Explanation:
The magnitude of the magnetic force is given
Let : ~v = (5 Mm/s) ı̂ + (1 Mm/s) ̂ by
= (5 × 106 m/s) ı̂ + (1 × 106 m/s) ̂ . F = I L B sin θ ,

~ = (1.60218 × 10−19 C)
F where θ is the angle between the magnetic
field and the current. The direction of the
× (5 × 106 m/s) ı̂ + (1 × 106 m/s) ̂
 
magnetic force is determined by the right-
i 1012 pN
hand rule: Force directed out of the palm of
h
× (1.5 T) k̂ ×
1N the hand, fingers in the direction of the field,
= (0.240327 pN) î − (1.20163 pN) ĵ . thumb in the direction of the current.
By applying these, we find that the magni-
The magnitude is tude of the magnetic force on the segment of
~
q ab is
kF k = (0.240327 pN)2 + (1.20163 pN)2
Fab = B I Lab sin θab .
= 1.22543 pN .
Because the magnetic field is parallel to the
current,
006 (part 1 of 4) 10.0 points Fab = 0 N .
The cube in the figure is 14.2 cm on each
edge. Four straight segments of wire (ab, bc,
cd, and da) form a closed loop that carries a 007 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points
current of 4.75 A, in the direction shown. A Find the magnitude of the magnetic force on
uniform magnetic field of 0.037 T acts in the the segment bc.
positive y direction.
y Correct answer: 0.0249565 N.
~
B
Explanation:
b a
b Let : Lbc = 14.2 cm = 0.142 m.
d
b
b x The magnitude of the magnetic force on the
b segment bc is
c
z Fbc = B I Lbc sin θbc
Find the magnitude of the magnetic force = (0.037 T) (4.75 A) (0.142 m) sin 90◦
on the segment ab. = 0.0249565 N

Correct answer: 0 N. in the −x direction.


Explanation:
008 (part 3 of 4) 10.0 points
Find the magnitude of the magnetic force on
Let : Lab = 14.2 cm = 0.142 m ,
the segment cd.
B = 0.037 T , and
I = 4.75 A . Correct answer: 0.0249565 N.
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 3
Explanation:
q Region of
m Magnetic
√ hole Field B
Let : Lcd = 0.142 m = 0.200818 m.
E
The magnitude of the magnetic force on the
segment cd is

Fcd = B I Lcd sin θcd


= (0.037 T) (4.75 A) (0.200818 m) sin 45◦ What is the sign of the charge of the parti-
cle? Neglect relativistic effects.
= 0.0249565 N
1. The charge q is negative (−) .
in the −z direction.
2. The charge q is positive (+) . correct
009 (part 4 of 4) 10.0 points
Find the magnitude of the magnetic force on 3. The charge q cannot be determined.
the segment da.

Correct answer: 0.0352938 N.


Explanation:
Explanation:
Lda = Lcd The charge accelerates toward the negative
plate and away from the positive plate, so the
The magnitude of the magnetic force on the charge is positive.
segment da is
011 (part 2 of 6) 10.0 points
Fda = B I Lda sin θda Which way does the magnetic field point?
= (0.037 T) (4.75 A) (0.200818 m) sin 90◦
1. Into the page
= 0.0352938 N
2. To the left
parallel to x-z plane at 45◦ to both the +x
and +z directions. 3. Toward the bottom of page

010 (part 1 of 6) 10.0 points 4. To the right

A particle of mass 4.814 × 10−26 kg and 5. Cannot be determined


charge of magnitude 3.2 × 10−19 C is acceler-
ated from rest in the plane of the page through 6. Out of the page correct
a potential difference of 302 V between two
parallel plates as shown. The particle is in- 7. Toward the top of page
jected through a hole in the right-hand plate
into a region of space containing a uniform
magnetic field of magnitude 0.363 T oriented
perpendicular to the plane of the page. The
particle curves in a semicircular path and
strikes a detector. Explanation:
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 4
The force on the particle is given by the
+q −
Lorentz force law
m
+ hole − ~ = q ~v × B
~
F
+ − B ~k = qvB
kF
E
= (3.2 × 10−19 C) (63363.7 m/s) (0.363 T)

+ = 7.36033 × 10−15 N .
+ −

Because the particle curves down, the di-


~ is down. By the right-hand
rection of ~v × B 014 (part 5 of 6) 10.0 points
~ points out of the page.
rule, B What is the distance from the point of injec-
tion to the detector?
012 (part 3 of 6) 10.0 points
What is the speed of the charged particle as Correct answer: 0.0525194.
it enters the region of the magnetic field? Explanation:
The acceleration of the particle will be cen-
Correct answer: 63363.7 m/s. tripetal:
Explanation:

m v2
Let : m = 4.814 × 10 −26
kg , = qvB
r
V = 302 V , and mv
r=
|q| = 3.2 × 10−19 C . qB
(4.814 × 10−26 kg) (63363.7 m/s)
The change in kinetic energy of the charged =
(3.2 × 10−19 C) (0.363 T)
particle is equal to the work done on it by the
= 0.0262597 m ,
potential difference:
and the distance from the point of injection
1 to the detector is
m v2 = q V
2 r
2qV 2 r = 2 (0.0262597 m) = 0.0525194 m .
v=
m
s
2 (3.2 × 10−19 C) (302 V)
= 015 (part 6 of 6) 10.0 points
4.814 × 10−26 kg
What is the work done by the magnetic field
= 63363.7 m/s . on the charged particle during the semicircu-
lar trip?
013 (part 4 of 6) 10.0 points 1. W = 6.15229 × 10−17 J
What is the magnitude of the force exerted on
the charged particle as it enters the region of 2. W = −6.15229 × 10−17 J
~ ?
the magnetic field B
3. W = 0 J correct
Correct answer: 7.36033 × 10−15 N.
Explanation: 4. W = 1.9328 × 10−16 J

Let : B = 0.363 T . 5. W = 4.832 × 10−17 J


parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 5

6. W = 9.664 × 10−17 J Let : L = 3.024 m ,


ℓ = 0.108 m ,
7. W = −9.664 × 10−17 J m = 0.129 kg ,
i = 0.7 A , and
8. W = −4.832 × 10−17 J
B = 0.012 T .
9. W = −1.9328 × 10−16 J Look down the positive y-axis at the coil
Explanation: (that is, from the right-hand side of the origi-
nal figure).
~ · ~d .
W =F
z
The magnetic field causes a force which is θ
perpendicular to the displacement, so no work
is done. φ

016 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


A long piece of wire with a mass of 0.129 kg
and a total length of 3.024 m is used to make B
x
a square coil with a side of 0.108 m. The
coil is hinged along a horizontal side (the y
axis), carries a 0.7 A current, and is placed in µ
a magnetic field with a magnitude of 0.012 T
mg
in the vertical direction along the z axis as
shown in the figure below.
The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 .
z
Let θ be the angle the plane of the loop
θ makes with the z axis as shown.
i = 0.7 A Then the angle the coil’s magnetic moment
µ makes with the z axis is φ = 90◦ − θ ; e.g.,
0. 1

sin φ = cos θ and tan φ = cot θ . The number


08

y of turns in the loop is


m

L
N=
x circumference
0.108 m 3.024 m
=
4 (0.108 m)
B = 0.012 T

B = 0.012 T

= 7.

The torque about the z-axis due to gravity


is
~
τg = ~r × F
Determine the angle that the plane of the  
coil makes with the z axis when the coil is in ℓ
= cos φ m g ,
equilibrium. 2
where ℓ is the length of each side of the square
Correct answer: 0.575605◦.
loop. This gravitational torque tends to ro-
Explanation: tate the loop clockwise.
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 6
The torque due to the magnetic force tends
to rotate the loop counterclockwise about the ∆I
z-axis and has magnitude τm = N B I A sin φ. E =L
∆t
At equilibrium, 
0.9 A − 0.12 A

= (0.0039 H)
0.18 s
τm = τg
m g (ℓ cos φ) = 0.0169 V = 16.9 mV .
N B I ℓ2 sin φ = .
2
019 10.0 points
Thus
mg The potential at a is higher than the poten-
tan φ = tial at b.
2N B I ℓ
(0.129 kg) (9.8)
=
2 (7) (0.012 T) (0.7 A) (0.108 m)
= 99.537 . core

Since tan φ = tan(90◦ − θ) = cot θ, the angle


the loop makes with the z axis at equilibrium Va > Vb
is a b

θ = cot−1 (99.537) = 0.575605◦ . Which of the following statements about


the current I in the inductor could be true?
a) I flows from a to b and is steady.
017 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points b) I flows from a to b and is increasing.
Find the torque acting on the coil due to the c) I flows from a to b and is decreasing.
magnetic force at equilibrium. d) I flows from b to a and is steady.
e) I flows from b to a and is increasing.
Correct answer: 0.000685809 N · m. f) I flows from b to a and is decreasing.
Explanation:
At equilibrium, 1. (a) or (d)

τm = N B I ℓ2 sin φ 2. (b) or (e)


= N B I ℓ2 cos θ
3. (c) or (f)
= (7) (0.012 T) (0.7 A) (0.108 m)2
× cos(0.575605◦ ) 4. (b) or (f) correct
= 0.000685809 N · m .
5. (c) or (e)
Explanation:
018 10.0 points The potential decreases in the direction of
A coil has an inductance of 3.9 mH, and the increasing current and increases in the direc-
current through it changes from 0.12 A to tion of decreasing current; i.e.,
0.9 A in 0.18 s. dI
Find the magnitude of the average induced E = −L .
dt
emf in the coil during this period.
020 (part 1 of 4) 10.0 points
Correct answer: 16.9 mV.
A solenoid has a length of 25 cm, a radius of
Explanation: 1 cm, 500 turns, and carries a 5 A-current.
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 7
The permeability of free space is 4 π ×
10−7 T · m/A. Correct answer: 0.394784 mH.
Find the magnetic field on the axis at the Explanation:
center of the solenoid.

Correct answer: 12.5664 mT. Let : Φ = 0.00197392 Wb and


Explanation: I = 5 A.
The self-inductance of the solenoid is
Let : N = 500 , Φ
L=
ℓ = 25 cm = 0.25 m , I
0.00197392 Wb 103 mWb
I = 5 A , and = ·
5A 1 Wb
µ0 = 4 π × 10−7 T · m/A .
= 0.394784 mH .
The magnetic field on the axis at the center
of the solenoid is
023 (part 4 of 4) 10.0 points
N Find the magnitude of the induced emf in the
B = µ0 I solenoid when the current changes at 120 A/s.
ℓ  
−7 500
= (4 π × 10 T · m/A) (5 A) Correct answer: 47.3741 mV.
0.25 m
103 mT Explanation:
×
1T
= 12.5664 mT . dI
Let : = 120 A/s .
dt
The induced emf in the solenoid is
021 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points
dI
Find the flux through the solenoid, assuming ε = −L
B to be uniform. dt
= −(0.394784 mH) (120 A/s)
Correct answer: 0.00197392 Wb. = −47.3741 mV ,
Explanation: which has a magnitude of 47.3741 mV .

keywords:
Let : r = 1 cm = 0.01 m and
B = 12.5664 mT = 0.0125664 T . 024 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points

The flux through the solenoid is Consider the circuit shown.

Φ=N BA R
= N B π r2
= (500) (0.0125664 T) π (0.01 m)2 R L
P
= 0.00197392 Wb .
E
S
022 (part 3 of 4) 10.0 points
Find the self-inductance of the solenoid.
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 8
What is the instantaneous current at point LE
7. UL =
P immediately after the switch is closed? 4R
2E L R2
1. IP (0) = 8. UL =
R 2 E2
EL LE
2. IP (0) = 9. UL =
2R 16 R
E LE
3. IP (0) = 10. UL =
2R 8R
Explanation:
4E
4. IP (0) = After the switch has been closed for a long
R time, the current in L does not change any
5. IP (0) = 0 correct more, so there is no voltage increase nor de-
crease across L. Therefore, the current going
8E E
6. IP (0) = through L is I = , which gives the energy
R R
E stored in L as
7. IP (0) =
R 1 L E2
UL = L I2 = .
E 2 2 R2
8. IP (0) =
RL
16 E 026 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
9. IP (0) = After the switch has been closed for a long
R
3E time, it is opened at time t = 0.
10. IP (0) = Which of the following graphs best repre-
R
sents the subsequent current I at point P as
a function of time t?
Explanation:
The current in L has to change gradually, so
Current, I [A]

immediately after the switch is closed, there 5


4
is no current going through point P. 3
2
1
025 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points 1. 0
When the switch has been closed for a long 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910
time, what is the energy stored in the induc- Time, t [s]
tor?
Current, I [A]

5
E 2 R2 4
1. UL = 3
4L 2
1
L E2 2. 0
2. UL = correct
2 R2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910
LE Time, t [s]
3. UL =
32 R
Current, I [A]

5
LE 4
4. UL = 3
2R 2
LE 1
5. UL = 3. 0
3R
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910
L E2
6. UL = Time, t [s]
4 R2 correct
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 9

Current, I [A]
5

Current, I [A]
5 4
4 3
3 2
2 1
1 0
4. 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910 Time, t [s]
Time, t [s]
027 10.0 points
Current, I [A]

5 A large electromagnet has an inductance of


4
3 30 H and a resistance of 6 Ω. It is connected
2 to a DC power source of 250 V.
1 Find the time for the current to reach 20 A.
5. 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910
Time, t [s] Correct answer: 3.26963 s.
Explanation:
Current, I [A]

5
4
3
2 Let : L = 30 H ,
1
6. 0 R = 6 Ω,
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910 I = 20 A , and
Time, t [s] Eo = 250 V ,
Current, I [A]

5
4 The current constant of this inductance is
3
2 ε0 250 V
1 If = = = 41.6667 A ,
7. R 6Ω
0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910 and the time constant
Time, t [s]
L 30 H
τ= = = 5 s.
Current, I [A]

5 R 6Ω
4
3 If the current is initially zero in this LR cir-
2 cuit, the current at time t is
1
8. 0  
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910 I = If 1 − e−t/τ
Time, t [s] I
= 1 − e−t/τ
Explanation: If
At time t = 0, the current at P is not zero I
e−t/τ = 1 −
because the current going through L cannot If
be changed abruptly. Also from Kirchhoff’s t

1−I

rule, we have − = ln
τ If
 
dI I
L + I R + I R = 0, t = −τ ln 1 −
dt If
 
20 A
which will give the expression for the current = −(5 s) ln 1 −
41.6667 A
I as I = I0 e−2 R t/L .
The correct graph is = 3.26963 s .
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 10
If a = 5 cm , what is the magnitude of the
028 10.0 points magnetic moment?
An inductor of 370 turns has a radius of 8 cm
and a length of 19 cm. Correct answer: 0.0981748 A · m2 .
The permeability of free space is
Explanation:
1.25664 × 10−6 N/A2 .
Find the energy stored in it when the cur-
rent is 0.8 A. Let : I = 5 A and
Correct answer: 0.00582558 J. a = 5 cm = 0.05 m .

Explanation: The magnetic field is from two semi-circles


with common center. By a right hand rule
the magnetic field from both loops is into the
Let : r = 8 cm = 0.08 m ,
plane of the loop (−ı̂). From Biot-Savart law
ℓ = 19 cm = 0.19 m , µ0 I
the magnetic field from upper loop is and
N = 370 turns , 4a
µ0 I
I = 0.8 A , and from the lower loop, it is . Hence
8a
µ0 = 1.25664 × 10−6 N/A2 .
 
~ 2 µ0 I µ0 I
The inductance is B=− + ı̂
8a 8a
A π r2 3 µ0 I
L = µ0 N 2 = µ0 N 2 =− ı̂ .
ℓ ℓ 8 a
−6
= (1.25664 × 10 N/A2)
π (0.08 m)2 Magentic moment is
× (370 turns)2
0.19 m
µ=IA
= 0.018205 H .
The energy stored in an inductor is and the area is
1 1  2 5
L I2 π a + π (2 a)2 = π a2 .

U= A=
2 2 2
1
= (0.018205 H)(0.8 A)2 Using appropriate right hand rule, (fingers
2
pointing along current, then thumb points in
= 0.00582558 J .
direction of magnetic moment) the direction
thumb point in is −ı̂. Thus magnetic moment
029 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points is
A 5 A current flows in the directions indicated 5
by the arrows in the figure along a wire bent ~µ = − π a2 I ı̂
2
to form concentric semicircles. 5
5A = − π (0.05 m)2 (5 A) ı̂
2
k̂ = −0.0981748 A · m2 ı̂
a
k~µk = 0.0981748 A · m2 .
̂
O
ı̂
2a

Thus the magnitude of the magnetic mo-


ment is 0.0981748 A · m2 .
5A ı̂ is upward
from the paper
030 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 11
What is the direction of the magnetic mo-
◦ ×
ment?
◦ ×B
◦ ×
1. µ̂ = −̂
◦ ×
◦ × i v

I
2. µ̂ = +ı̂
◦ ×
◦ ×
3. µ̂ = +̂
◦ ×
◦ ×
4. µ̂ = −ı̂ correct
032 10.0 points
5. µ̂ = −k̂
A wire carries a current of I = 16 A along the
x-axis from x1 = −8.9 cm to x2 = 6.3 cm.
6. µ̂ = +k̂
y
7. None of these
P

Explanation:
See previous Part. x
x1 x2
031 10.0 points I
Consider a long straight wire and a wire loop
Find the magnitude of the resulting mag-
in the same plane. The long wire has a current
netic field at the point r = 1.4 cm on the y
flowing in the direction shown. The wire loop
axis.
is moving in the direction shown.
Correct answer: 224.527 µT.
Explanation:
wire

v Let : x1 = −8.9 cm ,
I

x2 = 6.3 cm , and
straight

r = 1.4 cm = 0.014 m .
wire loop
From the Biot-Savart Law
The current in the loop is flowing dB~ = µ0 I d~s × r̂ ,
4π r2
1. clockwise. correct the magnetic field at a point from a straight
line segment is
2. There is no current in the loop. µ0 I
B= (cos θ1 − cos θ2 ) .
4πr
3. counter-clockwise.
In this case,
 
y
Explanation: θ1 = arctan
−x1
Using the right hand rule, and taking into  
consideration the direction of the magnetic 1.4 cm
= arctan
field, we find that the direction of the current −(−8.9 cm)

flowing in the loop is as shown in the figure. = 8.93957 , and
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 12
 
◦ y
θ2 = 180 − arctan
x BD
 2 
1.4 cm
= 180◦ − arctan 2. P correct
6.3 cm

= 167.471 , BC BB
BA
so the resultant magnetic field is
BA
µ0 I
B= (cos θ1 − cos θ2 )
4πd 3.
µ0 (16 A) P
= (cos 8.93957 ◦ BC BB
4 π (0.014 m)
BD
− cos 167.471 ◦ )
= 224.527 µT .

BB
033 10.0 points 4. P
Four long, parallel conductors carry equal cur- BC
rents. A cross-sectional view of the conduc- BA BD
tors is shown in the figure. Each side of the
square has length of 0.8 m. The current direc-
tion is out of the page at points indicated by BD BA
the dots and into the page at points indicated BB BC
by the crosses. 5. P
A y D
−2 A × × −2 A

P x BD
BB BC
6. P

−2 A × +2 A BA
B 0.8 m C
Which diagram correctly denotes the direc-
tions of the components of the magnetic field
from each conductor at the point P ?
Explanation:
BD The directions of the magnetic field due
BB to each wire are given by the right hand rule,
1. where the thumb points in the direction of the
P
current and your fingers curl in the direction
BC of the magnetic field’s circular path.
BA
Consider the magnetic field contributions
due to the currents in A and B only:
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 13

A A D
−2 A × −2 A × × −2 A

P P
BB
BA

−2 A × −2 A × +2 A
B B C
Consider the magnetic field contributions At P, the direction of the resulting magnetic
due to the currents in C and D only: ~ net
B 1
field = √ (−ı̂ − ̂) .
D Bnet 2
× −2 A
034 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
BD The figure below shows a straight cylindrical
coaxial cable of radii a, b, and c in which
equal, uniformly distributed, but antiparallel
P
currents i exist in the two conductors.
BC a
iout ⊙ b
+2 A c
C
Consider the results of all four magnetic iin ⊗
field contributions superimposed on one an-
other: O
F
A 0.8 m D
E
−2 A × × −2 A
D r1
BD r2
C r3
P r4
BC BB
BA Which expression gives the magnitude of
the magnetic field in the region c < r2 < b (at
−2 A × +2 A E)?
B C
µ0 i (a2 − b2 )
1. B(r2 ) =
2 π r2 (r22 − b2 )
2. B(r2 ) = 0
µ0 i
3. B(r2 ) =
π r2
µ0 i
4. B(r2 ) = correct
2 π r2
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 14
µ0 i (a2 + r22 − 2 b2 )
5. B(r2) = µ0 i (r32 − b2 )
2 π r2 (a2 − b2 ) 4. B(r3 ) =
µ0 i (r22 − b2 ) 2 π r3 (a2 − b2 )
6. B(r2) = 5. B(r3 ) = 0
2 π r2 (a2 − b2 )
µ0 i (a2 − r22 ) µ0 i r 3
7. B(r2) = 6. B(r3 ) =
2 π r2 (a2 − b2 ) 2 π c2
µ0 i r 2 µ0 i (a2 + r32 − 2 b2 )
8. B(r2) = 7. B(r3 ) =
2 π b2 2 π r3 (a2 − b2 )
µ0 i r 2 µ0 i
9. B(r2) = 8. B(r3 ) =
2 π a2 2 π r3
µ0 i r 2 µ0 i r 3
10. B(r2) = 9. B(r3 ) =
2 π c2 2 π b2
Explanation: µ0 i
Ampere’s Law states that the line inte- 10. B(r3 ) =
I π r3
gral ~ · d~ℓ around any closed path equals
B Explanation:
µ0 I, where I is the total steady current pass- For b < r3 < a,
ing through any surface bounded by the closed µ0 Ien
path. B=
2 π r3
Considering the symmetry of this problem,
π (r32 − b2 )
 
we choose a circular path, so Ampere’s Law µ0 i − i
simplifies to π (a2 − b2 )
=
2 π r3
B (2 π r1 ) = µ0 Ien ,
 2
a − r32

µ0 i
a 2 − b2
where r1 is the radius of the circle and Ien is =
2 π r3
the current enclosed.
For c < r2 < b, µ0 i (a2 − r32 )
= .
2 π r3 (a2 − b2 )
µ0 Ien
B=
2 π r2 036 10.0 points
µ0 (i) A cross section of a long solenoid that carries
=
2 π r2 current I is shown.
µ0 i I (into the page)
= .
2 π r2
r
035 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
Which expression gives the magnitude B(r3 )
I

at D of the magnetic field in the region b <


r3 < a?
I (out of the page)
µ0 i (a2 − r32 )
1. B(r3) = correct All of the following statements about the
2 π r3 (a2 − b2 ) ~ inside the solenoid are cur-
magnetic field B
µ0 i (a2 − b2 ) rent EXCEPT
2. B(r3) =
2 π r3 (r32 − b2 )
µ0 i r 3 ~ is proportional to
1. The magnitude of kBk
3. B(r3) = the current I.
2 π a2
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 15

~ is directed to the left.


2. kBk 2. both will move toward the left.

3. An approximate value for the magnitude 3. will heat up, and remain motionless.
~ may be determined by using Ampère’s
of kBk
law. 4. will change in a way not determined by
the information given.
~ is proportional to
4. The magnitude of kBk
the distance from the axis of the solenoid. 5. will move toward each other. correct
correct
6. both will move toward the right.
5. The magnitude of kBk~ is proportional to
the number of turns of wire per unit length. Explanation:
Both currents in the rods move downward,
Explanation: so they are parallel currents that attract,
For the ideal solenoid, kBk ~ in the inte-
causing them to accelerate toward each other.
rior space is uniform and parallel to the axis
~ in the space surrounding the coil is
and kBk 038 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points
zero. Consider a rectangular path of length The magnetic field at the right-most rod, due
ℓ and width w, with the sides either parallel to the current in the rod immediately to its
or perpendicular to the axis. We can apply left, is
Ampere’s law to this path by evaluating the
~ · d~s over each side of the rectan-
integral of B 1. out of the plane of the paper. correct
gle, which gives

B ℓ = µ0 N I 2. in the plane of the paper pointing right.


B = µ0 n I .
3. in the plane of the paper pointing left.
It is obvious from the expression above that
4. not determined from information given.
B is independent of the distance to the axis
of the solenoid. 5. into the plane of the paper.

037 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points Explanation:


Two identical parallel sections of metal rods The battery’s positive terminal is above its
are connected parallel to a battery as shown. negative terminal, so the current flows up-
The two sections of metal rods are free to ward through the battery and down through
move. movable metal rods. We use the following
modified right hand rule for a current going
b b down in the metal rod on the left side. With
your right hand imagine grabbing the rod
with your thumb in the direction of the cur-
5.2 m

2.6 V rent, and then your fingers curl of the plane of


the paper at the right-most rod; this is the di-
rection of the magnetic field produced by the
rod on the left side acting on the right rod.
0.1 m
When the switch is closed, the two parallel 039 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
metal rods The battery is 2.6 V, each metal rod has a
resistance R = 2.39 Ω, a length of 5.2 m, and
1. will move away from each other. a mass of 0.0016 kg . The rods are separated
parepally (sp32488) – Magnetism Review – clancy – (SCI412-1) 16
by 0.1 m . E
Substituting I = , and the expression for
Find the magnitude of the acceleration of R
each rod. Neglect the resistance of the part of B , gives
the circuit not specifically mentioned below.  2
E µ0 ℓ
F = I ℓB = .
Correct answer: 0.00769244 m/s2 . R 2 π ∆r
Explanation: Since F = m a , the acceleration is
 2
E µ0 ℓ
a=
Let : E = 2.6 V , R 2 π ∆r m
2
µ0 = 1.25664 × 10−6 N/A2 , (1.25664 × 10−6 N/A2) (5.2 m)

2.6 V
=
R = 2.39 Ω , 2.39 Ω 2 π (0.1 m) (0.0016 kg)
m = 0.0016 kg , = 0.00769244 m/s2 .
ℓ = 5.2 m , and
∆r = 0.1 m .

b b

E

∆r
The attractive forces on each metal rod are
equal and opposite to each other, and each
force has its magnitude given by F = I ℓ B
with I the current in a rod, ℓ the length of
that rod and B the magnetic field at the rod
due to the current in the other rod. Since the
separation ∆r of the rods, is much less than
ℓ, we can use Ampere’s law to find

I
~ · d~ℓ = 2 π ∆r B = µ0 I
B
µ0 I
B= .
2 π ∆r
Further, the voltage drop through the rod
equals the voltage E of the battery; i.e.,

E
E = I R , and I = , and
R
 
E
µ0
R
B= .
2 π ∆r