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Morphology of the wild Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica

):
By Raúl A. Valvert L.
Guatemala, May 2015.

Table 1
Measurements and weights of wild male Amur tigers (Panthera tigris altaica) >3 years old, according with modern research.
(1992-2012)

Tiger Id.

Name

Weight (kg)

Head-body
length (cm)*

Total length
(cm)

Chest girth
(cm)

09
12
14
16
20
22
28
33
34
40
49
50
63
82
84
85
90
100
114







Eugene


Zheny-1
Dale***
Aleksei****
Igor
Maurice
Sasha
Misha****
Valodia
Andrey-1****
Zheny-2


Sergei
Ivan


Banzai
Leopardovy
Luk
Patchy
Professor
Sheriff
Victor
Vladimir
Average

182
200

187
193

200
179
188

170

155
180
179
200
200
193
182
207
200
212
190
204
200
174
196
190.0

197

192
196
200
185
202
208
198
192
194
199
178






183





190

194




296
306
287
302
309
297
290
291
291
278






286





288

293




128
130
115
130
127
126
107
113
102
111












117

119

Height to
shoulders
(cm)**



92
98
94
96
104
91
106

82
83






104





81

94

Estimated age (yrs)

Capture date

Reference

6.5 – 7.5 (4 – 5)
6–7
3.5 – 4.5 (3 – 4)
7–8
12 (9 – 11)
6 (3 – 4)
7
7
6
>3
>3
>3
>3
12 – 16
5–6
8
10
4
4–5
Adult
Adult
5
Adult
Adult
Adult
8 – 10
12 – 14

28/03/96 (10/11/93)
01/11/1995 (1993)
15/03/97 (06/96)
10/03/98 (11/93)
26/02/00 (11/95 – 03/98)
29/12/98 (06/96)
10/10/1998
03/05/1999
12/06/1999




26/10/2006
10/11/2006
14/10/2007
Fall, 2009
Fall, 2010
October, 2011
24/05/2011
15/05/2011
October, 2012
Autumn, 2010
02/05/2010
January 2011
22/02/2004
17/03/2001

S.T.P. report, 1993 & 1996.

* Measured in a straight line, from the tip of the nose to the root of tail.
** Measured from the shoulder to the wrist.
*** This male is the third heaviest Amur tiger recorded by scientists, with 205 kg in its last capture.
**** See Appendix table.
The animals captured in more than one occasion were weighed several times, in this case, the presented weights are they average figures. Names in italic are from the location of the capture.

Appendix: Unhealthy tigers
Tiger No.

Name

Weight (kg)

22
40
50

Aleksei*
Misha**
Andrey-1***

146
147
125

Head-body
length (cm)*
185
192
199

Chest girth
(cm)
115
107
102

Estimated
age (yrs)
6 (3 – 4)
>3
>3

Reference
Kerley et al. ,
2005; Slaght
et al. , 2005.

* First, in 1996, its weight was estimated in 160-170 kg. Latter in 1998, it was hit by a car and it was found in emaciated conditions
with just 126 kg in body mass. It was euthanized.
** Described with "extremely poor physical conditions", but capable of killing by itself.
*** Sustained numerous injures, had deformed skull and suffered distemper.

S.T.P. report, 1993 & 1995.

Kerley et al., 2005.

N.F.W.F. report, 2006.
WCS - S.T.P. report, 2007.
Miller, 2012.
John Lewis, Pers. Comm. , 2013.
T.A.T. Programme, web page, 2011.
T.A.T. Programme, web page, 2014.
T.A.T. Programme, web page, 2010.
John Goodrich, Pers. Comm. , 2013.
Kerley et al., 2005.
Miquelle, 2002.

F. Miller. Programme.¤ ¤ From Kerley et al. 2004 N.5 (3 – 4) 5 – 7 (3 – 4) >3 6 (4) 6–7 7 8 – 10 6–8 Adult Adult 17/03/2002 (11/02/92) 22/06/1992 20/03/97 (26/04/95) 18/11/96 (08/11/92) 21/12/1995 15/03/97 (18/06/96) 17/06/1996 (12/12/95) 15/05/1998 02/05/1999 21/10/1999 16/11/1999 08/11/2006 18/02/2010 06/05/2011 06/06/2011 Reference Kerley et al.¤ * Chest girth: 119 cm (n=13). .A. 2011 * Measured in a straight line.Table 2 Measurements and weights of wild female Amur tigers (Panthera tigris altaica) >3 years old. * Head-body length: 194 cm (n=14). Names in italic are from the location of the capture. the presented weights are they average figures.5 (5.5) 9 – 11 (5 – 7) 4–5 3. * Head-body length: 173 cm (n=11). (1992-2012) Tigress Id. * Total length: 294 cm (n=13). ** Measured from the shoulder to the wrist.5 – 4. 2010.¤ * Height at shoulders: 95 cm (n=11). The animals captured in more than one occasion were weighed several times. in this case.W. according with modern research. Average size of the male Amur tiger: * Weight: 190 kg (n=23). * Height at shoulders: 80 cm (n=9). * Chest girth: 103 cm (n=10). *** This female had the record of the third heaviest Amur tigress recorded by scientists.5 – 8. Name Weight (kg) Head-body length (cm)* Total length (cm) Chest girth (cm) 01 02 03 04 08 13 21 27 32 35 37 83 99 – – Olga Lena Natasha Mary Ivanovna*** Katya-2 Nelja Nadya Vita Ludmila Lidya Nellie – – Princess Roskosh Average 121 114 120 127 117 118 120 118 123 113 121 127 130 136 110 121. * Total length: 264 cm (n=10). 2012 T. web page. 2005 Goodrich.0 168 169 167 182 177 174 174 170 176 173 – – 176 – – 173 260 253 258 270 272 265 269 262 269 262 – – – – – 264 106 91 105 108 102 106 103 101 106 101 – – – – – 103 Height to shoulders (cm)** 79 76 75 – 78 79 75 82 86 86 – – – – – 80 Estimated age (yrs) Capture date 3 – 13 5–6 7.. (2005).F. 2006 Phoenix Fund. with 129 kg in its first capture.T. from the tip of the nose to the root of tail.5 – 6. Average size of the female Amur tiger: * Weight: 121 kg (n=15). report.

Baikov. Slaght et al. * Head-body length: 172 cm (n=5). the tigress No.5 kg (n=10).ZMMU – – – – – Jankowski's tiger Average – 249. in reliable historic records.. * Head-body length: 194 cm (n=4)..Table 3 Measurements and weights of wild male Amur tigers (Panthera tigris altaica) >3 years old. Slaght et al.. 3. Ussuri region Suchan River Manchuria – Heptner & Sludskii. Based on its size. Manchuria Heptner & Sludskii. 3. * Except from tiger 1. 29664 . Identification Weight (kg) Head-body length (cm)* Total length (cm)* Chest girth (cm) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 – AMNH-85404 AMNH-85396 Moguchi's tiger Antonov's tiger No. Heptner & Sludskii. * Total length: 297 cm (n=7). S 57600 . 2005. 1967. 2005.8 167 – 160 115 137.5 178 177 172 173 159 – – 172 265 264. 1981.. * Chest girth: 138 cm (n=3). Mazák. 2005. Manchuria Ussuri region Balei. Heptner & Sludskii. Names in italic are those from the people that hunt the specimen.7 196 217 – 216. 1933. Trans-Baikal Manchuria Trans-Amur region Heng-taohotzu Station Sikhote Alin Sikhote Alin Sungari river. Goodwin. (1900-1970) Tiger No. in reliable historic records.5 kg (n=5). Average size of the female Amur tiger: * Weight: 137. Ussuri region Bikin. all the other specimens were probably measured "over curves". 1933. . Slaght et al. 1992. Mazák. * Total length: 264 cm (n=5). They were not included in the final average. Sowerby. Identification Weight (kg) Head-body length (cm)* Total length (cm)* Chest girth (cm) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 – No. Table 4 Measurements and weights of wild female Amur tigers (Panthera tigris altaica) >3 years old.5 145. 6 and 12. Average size of the male Amur tiger: * Weight: 216. 1992. * Height at shoulders: 78 cm (n=2). 1936. ** Length between pegs (in parentesis) was estimated subtracting 20 cm from the original measuremenst. 1925.ZMMU – – – – Average – 99. 2005 * Except from tigress 2. 1992.5 260 282 247 – – 264 – – – – – – – – Height to shoulders (cm) – – – 76 79 – – 78 Place of the hunt Reference Radde region Khor river Iman river Bikin.7 227 221 195 224 254 163.5 217. (1900-1970) Tiger No. 34855 . * Height at shoulders: 93 cm (n=4).ZMMU No.5 210 196 180 – – 190 – – – – – – 194 309 305 292 280 284 280 – 358 (338)** 329 (309)** – – 330 297 147 – – 150 – 117 – – – – – – 138 Height to shoulders (cm) 93 91. Ussuri region North Kirin. 1992. Slaght et al. all the other specimens were probably measured "over curves". 4 and 5. Goodwin.5 81 – – – – 107 – – – – 93 Place of the hunt Reference Sikhote Alin Bikin. 6 was probably a sub-adult specimen.