NEW TESTAMENT The University of Malaya. UM Zohreh. Sadat Moosavi, Student of phd, Department of Aqidah and Islamic Thought, Seminar Sunnah Nabawiah 7/4/11 ABSTRACT There are many similarities in principles and minutiae aspects of instructions of divine religions, as found in Islam, Judaism and Christianity¶s, which could indicate their divine authenticity. And since they have been revealed from God, creator of the world, they are clearly compatible with nature and respect human physical and spiritual benefits. By reflecting in these religions¶ laws, it can be realized that there are many similar provisions about praying, fasting, pilgrimage and some guidelines that invite men and women to piety, and in moral teachings it reaches a peak, so that the invitation to virtues such as truth, honesty, patience, forgiveness, sacrifice, assisting others and observing chastity against lust and carnal affairs; which are generally considered as sins in these religions, are the moral pillars of followers¶ lives. In all divine religions, the prophets are considered the most virtuous humans and their clergymen the most pious followers. In the tradition of holy women and prophets¶ families in these religions, modesty and full coverage can be observed that are still, to date, upheld by their true followers. This paper deals with the importance of respecting modesty and hijab in nabawi tradition and Jewish and Christian traditions, as manifested in the Old and New Testaments. The narratives of the Prophet of Islam emphasized on maintaining chastity and veil, so did the tradition of his pious household; in conformity with God¶s guidance in the holy Qoran. In the Old Testament, the importance of chastity and veil is evident in the Ten Commandments and the Israelite tradition of prophets¶ families. In the Prophet Ashaaya¶ book, God promises to punish those who do not comply with chastity. The Gospel quotes Jesus, his disciples and companions inviting Christian men and women to observe chastity. In Paul essays, women were advised to wear headgear. Of course, maintaining chastity and veil is considered essential in Islam and Judaism for preservation of men and women from lapse in social communications and upholding families¶ stability; as marriage and family formation are considered sacred in these religions. However, in Christianity virginity is sacred foremost and observing chastity and veil is recommended firstly to fulfill abstinence from carnal and worldly affairs and secondly, to avoid social corruption. In this article, the traditions of prophets and their households are investigated, as per narratives of Prophet Mohammad PBUH and the Old and New Testaments.

The Accepted Paper List of MUSNAD 2011 µA PAPER ECONOMY OF FAITH: A REFLECTION ON ISLAMIC INSTITUTIONAL HISTORY By: Rafiq Idris* Department of Economics Faculty of Economics and Administration University of Malaya

ABSTRACT The present millennium has witnessed various continuous allegations made against Islam from many different angles. Since the birth of Islam, the prophet (PBUH), his companion, scholars generation by generation have answered from time to time criticism made against the Quran and Hadith. Besides, there are criticisms which are made based on the practices of the Muslims, neither the revelation nor saying of the prophet (PBUH). In this paper, I attempt to answer the criticism made by Ghislaine Lydon in 2006, on the Islamic legal practice which was argued to have constrained the organization of early modern Muslim trade. His main argument was that the discounting of documents in Islamic legal practice constrained the organization of early modern Muslim trade. Legal professionals such as Muslim judges were said generally did not admit documents, including contracts, as evidence in legal proceedings. The present paper provides some answers and counterargument towards Lydon¶s findings and suggests ways to ameliorate research in this area namely, Islamic studies and economics. Keywords: Islamic legal practice, oral/ written evidence, research in Islamic economics Quran and Hadith *Author is an academic fellow, at the Department of Economics, University of Malaya. Currently, author is doing his PhD in Economics at International Islamic University Malaysia. He can be contacted through email:

The Accepted Paper List of MUSNAD 2011 THE EXCESSIVE CONSUMPTION OF INTERNET IN THE STUDY OF HADITH by Assoc. Prof. Dr Ismail bin Abdullah Lecturer, Department of Quran and Sunnah Studies, Kulliyyah Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Science, IIUM,, 019-2665335 & Nur Saadah bt Hamisan@Khair Master Student, Department of Quran and Sunnah Studies, Kulliyyah Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Science, IIUM,, 013-2223146 ABSTRACT The rapid change of the technology in the world becomes an important scenario that cannot be avoided and denied by people, where the majourity of its users able to surf information at their finger tips. Internet is a powerful source that can offer access to a vast source of information scattered around the world, which contributes in promoting knowledge especially in educational matters. The positive outcomes in consuming internet should become initiatives to be conscious on some negatives effects of the internet consumption especially if it is used excessively. The excessive consumption was being one of the important prohibitions delivered by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), as he encouraged to practice moderation in most of the actions. In this case, the use of internet should be controlled generally in all fields, specifically in the study of the Prophetic traditions of Islam which preserve the sum and substance of the utterances, deeds, directives, and descriptive anecdotes connected with the life of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and his companions. Since it is a secondary source of Islam after the Holy Qur¶an, the study of Hadith becomes an important study from previous Muslim scholars until this present time. This research intends to analyze one of the challenges faced by the students of Hadith especially in this millennium era whereby their challenges are bigger compared to earlier intellectuals, and their experiences in facing the development of technology; i.e. internet. Thus, this research will clarify this problem and provide some solutions without neglecting the importance of Hadith and internet.

The Accepted Paper List of MUSNAD 2011 A COMPARATIVE STUDY: SPIRITUAL LIFE AND DEATH FROM THE PERSPECTIVES OF THE QUR'AN, SUNNAH NABAWI, THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS Zohreh. Sadat Moosavi, Student of phd, Department of Aqidah and Islamic Thought, Seminar Sunnah Nabawiah 7/4/11 ABSTRACT Throughout history, mankind has obtained awareness through God's revelations to the prophets. Thus, despite the progressive changes which have occurred in the divine religions, they share many similarities in principles and minutiae teachings that show their divine origin. Human understanding of the truth of life is obtained through prophets¶ teachings, which expressed that there are two types of life and death: material and spiritual Material and physical life is one of the greatest divine endowments which is bestowed by God to humanity by blowing spirit. In Islam, spiritual human life is called Tayyebah Life ( ); God endows a kind of good life to every believer, man or woman, who do good deeds. The guiding words of Prophet and martyrdom for the sake of God also contribute to a real life; so that despite physical death, one is not considered a dead person. In the tradition and sunnah of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), heart consciousness was emphasized for the purpose of perceiving intuitive wisdom. In the Torah, in addition to expressing the creation of physical life through the blowing of the spirit, a certain kind of life is stipulated for believers. Also it has been announced that sin is the main reason of spiritual death. Spiritual life and death sometimes have been interpreted as wakefulness and sleep, respectively. Despite of some differences in interpretations of the texts, the similarity of Islam, Judaism and Christianity¶s viewpoints are considerable in the following issues: 1 - There are two types of human life 2 - God has given physical life to human by blowing the spirit 3 ± Faith in God and his prophets stirs spiritual life 4 - Good deeds cause spiritual life 5 - Sins cause human spiritual death

The Accepted Paper List of MUSNAD 2011 HADITH STUDIES IN INDONESIA SINCE 1950S By Prof. Dr. Arifuddin, M.Ag. Drs. Tasmin Tangngareng, M.Ag. (Dept. of Tafsir and Hadith, Islamic State University of Alauddin, Makassar Indonesia) Andi M. Ali Amiruddin, S.Ag., MA. (Dept. of Tafsir and Hadith, Islamic State University of Alauddin, Makassar Indonesia) ABSTRACT Next to the Qur¶an itself, the most important Islamic textual source is the Hadith. A hadith may be a record of the Prophet¶s actual words or a report on his deeds, transmitted by one of his trusted Companions, who in turn related it to someone of the next generation. This article will focus on hadith studies in Indonesia, particularly after the establishment of Islamic Higher Education in 1950s. Some believe that hadith studies in Indonesia has been stagnant since then, while some others ensure that hadith has gained momentum to be popularly known among Indonesians after the government supported the establishment of state owned-Islamic universities. Why do such contrasting views emerge? and what really happened with hadith studies in Indonesia since the establishment of Islamic Higher Education until now?

The Accepted Paper List of MUSNAD 2011 AUTHOR MISCONCEPTIONS ON HADITH, ANSWERING MISCONCEPTIONS AND FALSE CLAIMS : A CASE STUDY OF THE ISI JOURNALS Thuraya Ahmad Dr. Mohd Khairul Nizam Zainan Nazri Department of al-Quran and al-Hadith Academy of Islamic Studies University of Malaya ABSTRACT It is undoubtedly unpleasant for Muslims to come across any form of misconception about Islam. Hadith, the second source for Islamic Jurisprudence which comprises variety of vast narrated texts is likely to be the most aimed target for mistaken thoughts and suspicions. Since Muslim Hadith scholars do not achieve sufficient efforts in clearing the cloudy air surrounding our divine legacy, we cannot blame people for their misconception especially those from other faiths. A misconception which prevails among ordinary individuals is considered a norm, on the contrary with the similar found in a realm of academicians which is supposed to be a pool of experts in the field. This paper is an attempt to shed light on various forms of misconception about hadith found in articles published in peer-reviewed ISI journals with an insistence on unearthing the hidden facts about Hadith for the purpose of clarifying the truth . Notably, the vibrant interest and the good level of proficiency in the field of Hadith Studies the western scholars have been shown are very impressing. However, the credibility they proved needs a few steps forward to attain that breadth and depth of knowledge pertaining to Hadith. Surely, the further details needed for the matter of figuring out exact concept about Hadith remain in the hands of Muslim scholars, those of it¶s origin. Hence, it is incumbent upon them to put an end to every single notion emerges.

The Accepted Paper List of MUSNAD 2011 THE ROLE AND CHALLENGES OF MUSLIM WOMEN IN HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: QUR¶AN AND HADITH PERSPECTIVES By Ahmad Muhammad Gusau & Siti Arni Basir Dept. Of Siasah Syar¶iyyah, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ABSTRACT The participation of Muslim women in Higher Education in the present era cannot be underscored. The Muslim Ummah in Nigeria is being faces with challenges of inadequate women participation in higher Institutions especially in Northern Nigeria and the situation seems to have created more vacuum than solution. Major factors that could be put forward to explain the reason behind low participation may be connected to the issue unclearly defined role expected of women and the challenges associated with pursuit of higher education in Nigeria. The methodology used was qualitative in the process of data collection. Therefore paper attempts to examine the higher education in relation to the role of women and the challenges associated with it with a view to suggesting an Islamic perspective as alternative solution to overcome the challenges.

The Accepted Paper List of MUSNAD 2011 ROLE OF ESTABLISHED HISTORY AND MODERATION IN HADITH-TEXT EVALUATION Prof. Dr. Israr Ahmad Khan Department of Qur¶an and Sunnah Studies Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences International Islamic University Malaysia Email: ABSTRACT Hadith scholars¶ contribution towards preserving and authenticating Hadith is unparalleled in the history. Their main focus has been on authentication of Hadith from the angle of Sanad (chain of narrators). There still remains room for ensuring authentication of Hadith from the angle of Matn (text of Hadith). Muslim scholars have suggested for and applied in evaluating Hadith texts five main criteria: (1) the Qur¶an, (2) highly authentic Hadith and Sunnah, (3) sound reason, (4) established history, and (5) moderation. The proposed paper will focus on application of the last two criteria in authentication of Hadith: (1) established history and (2) moderation. The notion is that if a Hadith, no matter how authentic it might be from the angle of its chain (sanad), brings information against the established history and there remain no way to compromise between the two episodes, one described in the reported Hadith and the other available in the history, it will be considered unreliable. Similarly, if a Hadith suggests either too much reward for some minor good deed or too much punishment for negligible human error, it can in no way be attributed to the Prophet (s.a.w.) as he did not say and did anything that could be deemed against the concept of moderation. In the paper two things are shown. First, explanation of what established history and moderation signify. Second, application of these two criteria to some selected Hadith. For established history ten Hadiths have been selected from Sahih of al-Bukhari and Sahih of Muslim; and for moderation ten categories of Hadith featuring many reports from other Hadith sources have been cited. The methodology used in the discussion is rational, critical and analytical. The objective of this paper is not to discredit authority of Hadith or contribution of Hadith scholars; it is rather to further consolidate the authenticity and authority of Hadith.

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