APU and Engine

APU
Auxiliary Power System
The auxiliary power unit (APU) supplies electrical and pneumatic power to the airplane. The APU can start at all altitudes up to 41,000 feet. Electrical power is available up to 41,000 feet. Pneumatic power is available up to 17,000 feet. The APU is an AlliedSignal 131-9(B). The APU has these features: • • • • Single-stage centrifugal compressor Two-stage axial turbine Separate single-stage centrifugal load compressor Modular design

The electronic control unit (ECU) controls and monitors all phases of APU operation. It also stores system and fault information.

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APU and Engine APU Components Page 2 of 15 .

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Operation – Start The APU electronic control unit (ECU) controls these components: • • • • • APU inlet door APU fuel shutoff valve APU fuel Ignition APU start system Page 4 of 15 .APU and Engine APU Engine .

Page 5 of 15 .APU and Engine APU Control and Indication The ECU controls these APU functions: • • • • • • • • • Start and ignition Fuel control Surge control Inlet guide vane control Normal shutdown Protective shutdown APU indications BITE/fault recording Data storage The APU switch on the P5 panel controls normal APU start and shutdown.

If the ECU finds a fault. APU – Protective Shutdown Page 6 of 15 . The cause for the shutdown shows on the control display unit (CDU) on the P9 panel. it does a protective shutdown.APU and Engine Airborne Auxiliary Power .Protective Shutdown A protective shutdown prevents damage to the APU or the airplane. The ECU controls the automatic protective shutdown of the APU.

Page 7 of 15 .APU and Engine APU BITE and Maintenance Indications The ECU sends real time and recorded fault information to the captain and first officer control display unit (CDU).

The engine is an axial flow turbofan with two spools. The main gearbox attaches to the side of the fan case. The high pressure section drives the gearbox. The engines have several thrust ratings. Page 8 of 15 . The engine has a low and high pressure section.APU and Engine Engine CFM56-7 Engine Characteristics Summary The 737 airplane uses two CFM56-7 high bypass-ratio turbofan engines that attach to the wing. The low pressure section has these features: • • • • A single-stage fan A three-stage low pressure compressor Titanium wide-chord fan blades Four-stage low pressure turbine The high pressure section has these features: • • Nine-stage high pressure compressor Single-stage high pressure turbine The main gearbox supplies power for aircraft and engine accessories.

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dual rotor. The engine fan diameter is 61 inches (1. The bare engine weight is 5257 pounds (2385 kilograms). Page 11 of 15 . The HPC rotor and the HPT rotor are on the same high pressure shaft (N2).APU and Engine Engine .55 meters). axial flow turbofan engine.General Description The CFM56-7 is a high bypass. The engine has these sections: • • • • • • Fan and booster or low pressure compressor (LPC) High pressure compressor (HCP) Combustor High pressure turbine Low pressure turbine (LPT) Accessory drive The fan and booster rotor and the LPC rotor are on the same low pressure shaft (N1).

Page 12 of 15 . Fan air cools the bleed air in the pre-cooler. Air comes from ninth stage at low power settings.APU and Engine Air Bleed System Bleed air supply comes from the high pressure compressor for these systems: • • • Air conditioning Cabin pressurization Wing and engine inlet cowl anti-ice Air comes from the fifth stage of the compressor at high power settings. Fan air also cools the integrated drive generator (IDG).

In the IDLE position. Page 13 of 15 . the start lever energizes the ignition system and permits fuel flow. The engines can start with air from any one of these sources: • • • APU Ground source Engine crosses bleed The start lever for each engine is on the control stand.APU and Engine Engine Controls (Start) The engine start system uses air pressure and electric power for starter operation.

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When the thrust reversers deploy. Reverse thrust occurs with a change of fan air direction. The TRs operate with hydraulic power. Page 15 of 15 . the blocker doors close and fan air goes out radially and forward. Both TRs are interchangeable between the two engines except for the cascades.APU and Engine Thrust Reversers The thrust reversers (TRs) use electrical control.

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