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KRUGER NATIONAL PARK
R O A D
Qu SIN ality
A T L A S
PERFECT FOR THE FIRST TIME VISITOR COLOUR PHOTOS DETAILED CONTINUOUS MAP SECTION STREET MAPS TOURIST AREAS SITES PLACE NAMES INDEX CONTACT INFO SMALL TOWNS RESERVES NATIONAL PARKS ROUTE PLANNER SHOPPING HOT SPOTS HISTORY ACTIVITIES
CE Ma 19 ps 58
& KRUGER NATIONAL PARK
Contents Contents Contents Conte
General Historical Activities 4X4 Trails Planes, Trains & Automobiles
4 6 8 10 12 13 14 16 18 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 36 37 38
Mpumalanga Kruger National Park Skukuza Skukuza Drives Limpopo Kruger National Park Kruger Camp Guide Luxury Accommodation Fauna & Flora
42 44 45 46 48 50 52
TOURIST & TOWN PLANS
Nelspruit White River to Hazyview Sudwala Caves Hiking around Nelspruit Barberton Queen Rose Hiking Trail Sabie Waterfall Route Pilgrim’s Rest Graskop Blyde River Canyon Hiking North of Graskop Hiking South of Graskop Mashishing & Surrounds Dullstroom Belfast / Waterval Boven / Machadodorp Elandskrans & Crane Creek Hiking Trail Fly-Fishing Guide
DRIVING MAPS LAY OF THE LAND INDEX RESOURCES
56 80 84
The serene and tranquil town of Dullstroom is building a reputation for its outbreaks of paintball warfare. They say it’s good for team building …
Activities Activities Activities Activ
savannah and mountain habitats, therefore attracting a wide variety of birds. The recommended places for the best and most varied bird-watching are: Lowveld National Botanical Garden in Nelspruit; Mount Sheba Nature Reserve near Pilgrim’s Rest; Kaapsehoop (Blue Swallow Natural Heritage Site has been established to protect this endangered species); Blyde River Canyon (viewpoints are famed for sightings of raptors, sometimes even the exceptionally rare Taita Falcon) and the northern, southern and central parts of the Kruger National Park. The endangered cranes (wattled, blue and crowned cranes), that can be seen at the Verloren Vallei Nature Reserve are also well worth a visit, as is the Bird of Prey Centre – both are in Dullstroom. Prior arrangements need to be made before visiting the Verloren Vallei Nature Reserve due to the sensitive nature of the cranes. FLY-BY-NIGHT? Parts of Mpumalanga are best known for the excellent fly-fishing they offer. The towns of Belfast, Machadodorp, Dullstroom, Waterval Boven and Mashishing are referred to as the Trout Triangle and have dams well stocked with brown and rainbow trout. See the comprehensive guide on pages 38–41. BEST FOOT FORWARD Hiking in Mpumalanga is always made easier by the spectacular natural beauty of the province. The natural wonders that you will encounter on your hikes – especially the waterfalls – are unrivalled and you will see why Mpumalanga is considered to be one of the best hiking destinations in the country. Hiking trails in the Kruger National Park are the ultimate bush experience. Not only do you get to experience the unspoilt beauty, you are sure to see some game, historical sites, interesting vegetation and birds along the way. In Kruger, a total of seven trails
Driving the Smugglers trail near Barberton.
Top: A nightmare tee? Relax, golfers, this is flyfishing near Hazyview. Above: The 16th green at the White River Country Club – the course has been likened to Augusta!
FOUR TIMES FOUR With some of the most scenic trails in the country, what better way to explore and discover remote areas than in a 4x4? There are many trails to choose from, whether you are just starting out and need a beginner’s trail, or feel the time has come to test your skill on an expert trail – there’s something for everyone. A selection of top trails is on page 12, but you should also consider Barberton as an ideal 4x4 destination. Numerous trails of varying lengths and difficulties await you, some with real historical importance. Try the Eureka City and Oxwagon trails with accredited SATOUR guide Rassie Schoeman, who has years of experience and expertise to share with you. The Eureka trail ends in a tour down the ‘Golden Quarry’, the richest goldmine ever worked by man. FOR THE EAGLE-EYED This is also prime bird-watching country – especially good because of the different ecological zones such as grassland, wetland,
Ready to go over the edge? Skip breakfast and take the big swing over Graskop Gorge: South Africa’s largest ‘swing’, this is adrenaline overload!
vities Activities Activities Activities A
encompass some day and overnight hiking trails. See pages 23, 30 & 31 for more information on selected hiking trails as well as the hiking tips on page 31. TAKE A GIANT LEAP There are a number of spectacular gorges in Mpumalanga and some rather hectic kloofing sites. A travel magazine recently rated kloofing in the Blyde River Canyon as one of the 10 best sites in the country, as well as Sekorokoro on the Olifants River. The canyon is not a kloofing site, but there are places along the way that can be jumped. Sekorokoro, on the other hand, is incredibly difficult and for expert kloofers only. Whilst rock hopping and bum sliding sounds like fun, this is an activity for the adventurous and should be led by experienced guides. FOUR-LEGGED RIDES Horse-riding is popular throughout the province. Many accommodation establishments offer horse-riding as an activity and there is no shortage of trails in this rider’s paradise. One of the best horse-riding trails is a multi-day trail in Kaapsehoop which includes some time spent tracking the area’s famous feral horses. The mountainous terrain makes for exciting riding, and shorter oneday trails are available. THE REST OF THE BEST With a multitude of cliffs and waterfalls in the region, it’s perfect for abseiling. The waterfalls are out of the ordinary and worth a try! Mpumalanga is considered a prime hang-gliding and paragliding destination, with excellent winter flying conditions.
A real cliff-hanger near Waterval Boven. Top: Hot–air balloons are ‘big’ in Mpumalanga. Above: Paragliding near Barberton has taken off in the last few years.
Mpumalanga hosts the national paragliding championships, while Barberton is undoubtedly one of the best sites – so good, in fact, that the Gauteng Open is held there! Sabie is the best place for mountain-biking … pure heaven for casual or competitive mountain-bikers. You can choose from selfguided or marked trails covering varying distances. Many of the province’s rivers are ideal for rafting. One of the largest rapids belongs to the Olifants River, combining the exhilarating sport with equally exhilarating game-viewing. The best time for rafting is in the rainy months – November to April. Hazyview is the capital of hot-air ballooning and is the destination of international balloonists. Mpumalanga has a number of great golf courses and the European PGA Tour and the South African Sunshine Tour have been held here. The Gary Playerdesigned course at the White River Country Club is a dream … although, it could be a nightmare if your drives are attracted to water! There are many bodies of water on which to surf or ski and many resorts in Mpumalanga offer water sports.
Always gather as much information about the trail that you will be doing before you leave so you can be prepared for any eventuality.
4x4 Trails 4x4 Trails 4x4 Trails 4x Pl
TRAILS INDICATED ON MAP BELOW Mac-Mac Summit Route, Sabie. 013 764 2376 Alkmaar 4x4 Trail, Nelspruit. 013 733 3039, 083 305 2472 Riverwild 4x4xFore, Nelspruit. 086 010 4069, 082 371 8420 Sudwala Quadbike Trails. 013 733 3522 Roc ’n Rope Adventures, Mashishing / Waterval Boven. 083 620 8767 Lebombo Overland Trail, Kruger National Park. 013 735 4000, 012 428 9111
i 4x4 Tips
• Tread lightly to minimise your impact on the environment and apply the off-road maxim: as slow as possible and only as fast as necessary. • Stick to existing tracks whenever you travel off-road. A road marked on a map does not automatically confer right of way. • Seek permission before venturing on private or forestry tracks. If you’re unsure, ask. • Avoid damaging wheelspins and excessive engine revs: choose your gears intelligently. • In challenging off-road terrain, engage 4WD and low-range gears sooner rather than later. • Appreciate that heavy rain can make certain dirt roads dangerous or impassable, so phone ahead to check on conditions. • Give domestic animals and wildlife the right of way. Stop, switch off and wait if necessary. • Respect the privacy of others, honouring their right to peace and solitude. • Don’t litter or leave any signs of your passing.
Safety in numbers is a good policy in tricky terrain.
PILGRIM’S REST R40 Paul Kruger GRASKOP R533 KrugerGate Marite National Park R37 1 H4-1 R535 H11 Phabeni Gate H10 R36 R536 Skukuza H4-1 H1-1 R532 R536 HAZYVIEW MASHISHING H1-1 SABIE Emanusha Lower Sabie R37 R577 R40 H3 Pretoriuskop H5 Numbi H4-2 R538 Gate R540 H2-2 R537 R37 WHITE RIVER Klipskool 3 R539 H3 6 Crocodile Crocodile Bridge R36 Bridge Gate Brondal R37 Berg-en-dal Malelane R40 Komatipoort Hectorspruit Gate 4
MO MO MOZAMBIQUE
Take the high road, the low road, the luxury liner or the cheap seats squatting amongst the chickens: transport options are as flexible as your credit card.
lanes, Trains & Automobiles Planes,
ALL ROADS LEAD TO NELSPRUIT The thriving metropolis of Johannesburg is 330km east of Nelspruit, while the Malelane Gate (the southern access point of the Kruger National Park), is about 60km away, making Nelspruit a favoured hitching post en route to the park, or even a base camp for day visitors (although you’ll need to be an earlyriser to make the round trip worthwhile). Nelspruit acts as a good stopover to nearby Swaziland, especially for travellers from Johannesburg. It is the midpoint of the NorthSouth route that connects KwaZulu-Natal and Zimbabwe and is 190km away from Maputo, the capital of Mozambique. DO YOU KNOW THE WAY TO KMIA? The new Kruger Mpumalanga International Airport (KMIA) has replaced Skukuza and Nelspruit airports as the commercial hub of air traffic in the region, notably servicing the Kruger National Park (Numbi Gate is just 40km away, around half an hour in the car), Nelspruit, Sabi Sand Game Reserve, the Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Park and the Blyde River Canyon Nature Reserve. Skukuza’s airport is no longer a mass-commercial flight landing strip, with the bulk of air traffic descending on the somewhat beautiful KMIA, boasting lovely scenery, located just a short drive away from Kruger. Construction costs were in the region of R350-million, and the 8000m2 terminal building sports South Africa’s largest thatched roof. Lying 863m above sea level, the runway is 60m wide and over 3km long, has the capacity to land Boeing 737, 767, 747 and the Airbus series, and it is equipped with state-of-the-art runway approach lights. Bus transfers are easy and quick from KMIA to your chosen lodge in Kruger or one of the neighbouring game reserves, while the elite private game reserves mostly have their own airstrips. KMIA also services the broader Mpumalanga tourism area.
The Airport at Skukuza in the Kruger National Park.
National road Other road International Or local flight Charter flight Railway Park / reserve City or town Private reserve Park/border gate Rest camp FROM MUSINA
Limpopo National Park
Polokwane (Pietersburg) Pilgrim's Rest Graskop
R37 N11 R36
ORPEN Kruger National Park
R37 R37 R40 R539 R538
LOCAL & INTERNATIONAL FLIGHTS
Waterval Boven Barberton
OUTSIDE SA JOSEFSDAL
FROM CAPE TOWN
PAUL KRUGER NUMBI
Tourist Areas Tourist Areas Tourist
t Areas Tourist Areas Tourist Areas
The capital of Mpumalanga (the Lowveld’s industrial centre), Nelspruit lies in the fertile valley of the Umgwenya River in the hot, humid Lowveld region.
Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelsp
Nelspruit traces its roots back to 1892 when work began on a station further up the Umgwenya (Crocodile) River valley. The agricultural potential of the region (rich soil, abundant water) attracted both farmers and traders and, though it began ‘life’ as a railway station, it only took 13 years for it to blossom into full town status. This town has a very important place on the tourist map as it is a stopover en route to the Kruger National Park and is a perfect base for travel across South Africa’s boundaries. Nelspruit acts as Mpumalanga’s trading centre servicing the surrounding fruit-growing area, and is a vital supply centre for Malalane and Komatipoort’s large sugar mills.
Louis Trichardt’s famous trek (journey) to Lourenco Marques (Maputo) in 1837 is honoured in a wagon wheel-shaped sundial found at the local town hall building.
places of learning and a varied and vast number of facilities to cater for the recreational needs of locals and tourists, and activities include nature trails along the Umgwenya River, bird watching, hiking and 4x4 trails. The Sudwala Cultural Village presents visitors with a walkthrough of the traditional way of life … with tribal dancing on request. Lowveld Tourism arranges Township Tours which include visits to tribal chiefs, sangoma’s (medicine men) and shebeens (informal pubs and bars). The town’s streets are generally well shaded with pretty flowering trees, making for a pleasant environment for overnight or slightly longer stays. Seek out and sample some of the local produce, especially the delicious ‘home-grown’ fruits. LOWVELD NATIONAL BOTANICAL GARDEN Set on the banks of the Umgwenya River, and covering 159ha (393 acres), the Lowveld National Botanical Garden near Nelspruit hosts around 600 plant and 245 bird species. The Garden claims to house the world’s largest cycad collection. Visitors can enjoy a tropical rain forest (the only simulated rain forest in the world), great bird-watching spots and a Riverside Trail along the Umgwenya River. The Croc River Enviro Park has a good selection of crocs … but also to be feared are the 88 species of snake in the park – both indigenous and exotic. Known as the River of Fear by the local Shangaan, the Umgwenya River has spawned a second crocodile park (aka the Crocodile Farm). The De Brug Ostrich Farm is the only one of its kind in the province, so saddle up.
Conditions in the area are ideal for growing citrus and tropical fruits (notably bananas, oranges, avocado pears, litchis, mangoes, as well as macadamia and pecan nuts), the fertile soils and subtropical climate being great companions for the local farmers (in addition to the forestry industry). The town has also built up an impressive array of
Top: Nelspruit town centre. Below: Cycads in the Lowveld Botanical Garden.
LOWVELD NATIONAL BOTANICAL GARDEN
E Baobabs Apocynaceae African Legumes UT O Cycads RO Bushwillows AI N SA M Toilets Myrtaceae Dry Bushveld Cycads Extra SA Office Experimental African Forest Area ‘Bulbous’ Cycads Plants Nelspruit
Ar map ofL Commiphoras Falls t AI TR y r u wenRIVER Dry botanical Baobabs Trees u r a l Cabbage g Bushveld Wild Figs m A Um gardens re Bignoniaceae gw Tropical en
Tropical Rain Forest
Main Route Secondary Path River Trails
Acacias/ Thorn Trees
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The town began life as a railway station in 1892 on former land of the Nel family. Its name is derived from ‘Nel’s stream’ (stream is ‘spruit’ in Afrikaans).
pruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit N
BA KE R
IL LE R
M EL ILH W
KE EL ST
BOUG AINVIL LEA FU SC HI A
EN VAN BERG
Nelspruit High & Primary
Loerie’s A Call
ER HO UT
TA BA K
I RR CU
O R RT E KK ER
W O BR
Corner ELL House RUSS
COM TER BRIN K
Prime Cure Clinic
W O BR
Nelspruit Art Centre A
Y HER ROT GIE POT
GE MA RRI RIT T Z
Nelspruit Railway Station
Library Flower Clock
Art Gallery Civic Centre
YS IE U
ANDRIES PRETO RIUS
DE V ILLIE RS
EL CILLIERS SAR
St Peter's Primary
GENERAL DA N
Nelspruit Sports Ground
FI G TR EE
UT PR OT EA
Hennie Loots Park
Town Lodge H Road H Lodge
I AC AC
OLD PRET ORIA
EK EN HO
International Airport Airfield
Execu Villas A
Nelspruit Technical College
Information RI DO M OO Accommodation LB AA IA OR UL K H Hotel ND MA Police Station
West Acres NG
T AA KI
Premier H Lodge
Place of Worship Public Hospital/Clinic
A INI UH BA
Major Road Main Road Other Road
Place of interest Bank, building Shop
Pick ’n Pay
Sonpark Rob Ferreira
LL HA VA ND NS ER Marloth 35 HE MER WE
W IJ K
FRIE DE NH E
Van Riebeeck Park
BE ST ER
AN DE RS
BO SC H
I DA LOU
H ROC ER
US CR E
GR AN IET
ST K IN HO UT
KA AP SC HE T OU SH
HO ER UT
LE O WO AD D
TR E IC LIA
TIU TO A IN NA BR DON LLA BE
O ERBL M WAT VER CLO
MB AN OY T
White River (aka Wit Rivier, or Mhloppemanzi) is named after the milky appearance of the river’s water (the result of a high presence of Kaolin).
White River Hazyview White River
LA PA IM
AR O EL
NO R W I N
TH KLEY EO NHAN
TOM LAW RENC E
Flamboyant Remedial School Lowveld A Lodge
GS STIN KA
TI OO MB TA
W TO Gleighnelly NK Country Lodge
Rob Ferreira E NC RE High EL AW PO Tambuti TOM L NE WA S W ND Restaurant
Savannah Moon Bank
S UY TO
Shangaan tribal elder.
WHITE RIVER Lying in the Umgwenya River Valley, slightly to the west of Kruger between Sabie and Nelspruit, White River is a popular town with tourists who make the visitor-friendly town their base for exploring surrounding areas.
TO PAUL KRUGER GATE
T ER UB JO
EE CK K R PA
TO NUMBI GATE
KFC Bank Tour d’Afrique Town Hall Railway Library Swimming Station Pool
AM LLI M WI YNN HA L RA RG TE PE
IE NN N HE TILL GE N ER VA NB VA IE AL
Shangana Cultural Village
Noor d-Sa n
Inn Sabaan Holiday Eagles Phabeni H Resort Nest Nkambeni R40 Protea Hotel Nka Carrigan's Hazyview Country Estate Emanusha Farmhouse
R536 Kiepersol Rissington
Sabie Mineral Springs
Da Gama Dam
Hulala Lakeside Lodge Embizeni
Klipkoppie ie Dam
TO KRUGER NATIONAL PARK
Lake Longmere Estate
Mission End T rading Post Nsikazi Legogote Bushman Paintings Longmere Glory Hill Dam
Guest Farm Malekutu Pine Lake H Protea Winkler Gu Country tshwa Estate
KIrby KIrby Country Lodge
The area is a mecca for outdoor enthusiasts, with offerings including balloon safaris, paragliding, flips and dips in light aircraft, river-rafting, horse-riding and endless walks & trails. White River’s ‘neighbourhood’ boasts more than 2500 small farms, the subtropical climate making it a hotspot for flower farming as well as the cultivation of fresh produce (notably citrus, in addition to vegetables, subtropical fruit, pine and gum wood). Hunters enjoy White River’s surrounds, while nature-lovers will be kept occupied with enjoying the town’s flowering trees and the beauty of the three irrigation dams with their generous views of the Umgwenya River Valley. The Rottcher Estate offers visitors interesting edibles in a gorgeous garden setting. The estate produces an interesting orange tipple (the famous Avalencia full cream orange liqueur) and has a winery, nuttery (because of its macadamia farm) and even an equestrian centre. The prestigious White River Country Club is an 18-hole par 71 parklands-type course set over 6000m. Formerly a 9-holer, Gary Player had a hand in the redesign of this golferfriendly course. A well-managed Butterfly Garden leads visitors through a sea of floating wings, while the petting zoo is a must for city slickers. Crafters won’t want to miss the Country Road Arts and Crafts Route, and White River’s fine reputation for arts and crafts is paraded at the Casterbridge Farm craft village 2km outside of town.
Gutshwa Ngodini Plaston R538 Kruger Mpumalanga
20 On the R538 from White River to Hazyview, stop off at Casterbridge Farm shopping centre for some retail therapy and check out the cars of days gone by in the museum.
Hazyview is named after the romantic haze that covers this subtropical area, particularly in the early morning.
Hazyview White River White River
Bananas grow better here in Hazyview than anywhere on earth …
The White River Museum pays homage to vintage cars, while the Barnyard Theatre offers a welcome diversion from Hollywood movies by staging local productions. White River’s trademark is an unusual rock known as Legogote (‘the rock that leans’). Creative souls claim that the rock is really in the shape an antelope or a lion’s head. HAZYVIEW Conveniently located close to three of Kruger’s gates (Paul Kruger Gate, 45km; Phabeni Gate, 11km; Numbi Gate, 18km), Hazyview is also a major centre for adventure activities, including abseiling, quadbiking, river-rafting, hiking, balloon trips, bass & trout fishing, 4x4 and horse and mountain-bike trails. The outskirts of town are particularly lush, and the two big dams are a major lure for bass fishing enthusiasts. The town began life in the late 1800s as a trading post to supply Kruger. The Shangana Cultural Village, a short distance outside of town, gives visitors an insider’s look at how the traditional Shangaan used to live (including traditional meals, shows, lessons in traditional medicine and much more), as well as a market place
Int. Airport / Airfield
tocater for souvenir hunters … or absentminded gift buyers! The town and environs offer plenty of accommodation to cater for all needs and budgets. BASKET CASE An unforgettable experience is a hot-air balloon ride over the Sabie River Valley, just outside of Hazyview. From high in the sky you’ll drift over fruit orchards and bushveld, forests and hills … depending on which way the wind blows. Flights can end in the neighbouring valley … or even the neighbouring valley’s neighbouring valley! You won’t want your money back, as the view from the basket is spectacular!
The par-five 7th and 11th holes at White River have been compared to Augusta for their beauty and the test they offer golfers … AND for the large bodies of water!
N DS OU
STRANDLO PER PELICAN
E SHRIK T GANNE END REIERS
Walking / Hiking
ALB ATR O SS
Fly-fishing Police / Border Crossing Fuel / Info / Picnic Restaurant / Tunnel Viewpoint / Hide
BL UE JA Y AASVOË L
ST AR L
R40 R538 Kruger Mpumalanga International Airport
Cave Place of interest Historical Major Rd / Main Conn. Main Rd Tarred/Untarred Other Rd Tarred/Untarred 4x4 / Hiking Routes indicated
R H AA N
CK WOOD PE
L Primary AA ENT School TAR OU MP GO
Under African A Skies
ANT MOR KOR I VLE INGO M FLA ANG OUG MAK
ËL STORMVO OU SWARTP
Thompsons Indaba Safaris Kruger Safaris WK
A GOSH RIDGE PART
A NVO ËL B IM SL ER
TO PAUL KRUGER GATE
SD IE LS
AW GCL LON
TO WHITE RIVER
B IR D
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0860 10 50 50 JOHANNESBURG SALES OFFICE & SHOWROOM 7 WESSEL ROAD, RIVONIA TEL 011 807 2292 CAPE TOWN SALES OFFICE & SHOWROOM UNIT 7, M5 FREEWAY PARK (OFF BLACK RIVER PARKWAY), MAITLAND TEL 021 510 4311 DURBAN SALES OFFICE & SHOWROOM SUITE 3, SINEMBE BUSINESS PARK, 8 SINEMBE CRESCENT, LA LUCIA RIDGE TEL 031 566 2448
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2nd Edition © Map Studio 2008 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, electrostatic, magnetic tape, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission in writing from the Copyright owner. Map Studio and the MapStudio device are trademarked to New Holland Publishing (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd
I S B N 978-1-86809-898-9
Cover image supplied by IMAGES OF AFRICA www.imagesofafrica.co.za Ndebele paintwork (Gerald Cubitt)
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