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SALIVARY GLANDS

Origin: ectoderm, developing oral cavity epithelium Function: secretion of saliva Functions of saliva: Moistening dry foods to aid swallowing • Providing a medium for dissolved and suspended food materials that chemically stimulate taste buds • Buffering of the contents of the oral cavity through its high concentration of bicarbonate ion • Digestion of carbohydrates by the digestive enzyme alpha-amylase • Controlling the bacterial flora because of the presence of the antibacterial enzyme lysozyme • Source of calcium and phosphate ions essential for normal tooth maintenance

MAJOR GLANDS
Paired glands with long ducts:

PAROTID GLAND

below and in front of ear. secrete bicarbonate ion into the acinar product. loose connective tissue and white adipose tissue between the secretory acini. add potassium to the secretion. Intercalated ducts are lined by low cuboidal epithelial cells. • Cells:  Serous (epithelial) cells Function: protein secretion. • . Composition: Capsule of moderately dense connective tissue with septa. blood vessels. reabsorb sodium from the primary secretion.Location: subcutaneously. Function: move the secretory products toward the excretory duct by contraction. absorb chloride ion from the acinar product.  Myoepithelial cells Location: between the serous cells and the basal lamina of epithelium. • Function: conduit the secretory products. • Secretory acini (portions) are spherical and are organized into lobules and lobes. facial nerve (cranial nerve VII). Striated ducts are lined by simple cuboidal or columnar epithelium. • Function: conduit the secretory products. Excretory ducts are lined by stratified cuboidal or pseudostratified columnar epithelium.

Function: move the secretory products toward the excretory duct by contraction.  Mucous (epithelial) cells Function: mucin secretion.  Myoepithelial cells Location: between the serous cells and the basal lamina of epithelium. • Cells:  Serous (epithelial) cells are predominant. Intercalated ducts are lined by low cuboidal epithelial cells • . loose connective tissue between the secretory acini. Function: protein secretion. nerves. SUBMANDIBULAR GLAND Location: under the floor of the mouth. • Secretory acini (portions) are predominantly spherical and are organized into lobules and lobes.Location: the principal duct (Stensen's duct) travel in the connective tissue of the face and enter the oral cavity opposite the second upper molar tooth. Composition: Capsule of moderately dense connective tissue with septa. close to the mandible. blood vessels.

Composition: Capsule of moderately dense connective tissue with septa. • Cells:  Mucous (epithelial) cells are predominant. reabsorb sodium from the primary secretion. add potassium to the secretion. Function: mucin secretion. Striated ducts are lined by simple cuboidal or columnar epithelium • Function: conduit the secretory products. nerves. loose connective tissue between the secretory acini.Function: conduit the secretory products. secrete bicarbonate ion into the acinar product. absorb chloride ion from the acinar product. • Location: the principal duct (Wharton's duct) travel in the connective tissue of the neck and enter the oral cavity on the floor of the mouth just lateral to the frenulum of the tongue. blood vessels. SUBLINGUAL GLAND Location: in the floor of the mouth anterior to the submandibular gland. Excretory ducts are lined by stratified cuboidal or pseudostratified columnar epithelium. • Secretory acini (portions): the mucous secretory units may be more tubular than purely acinar and are organized into lobules. .

Ducts are lined by columnar epithelium or pseudostratified columnar epithelium and empty into the submandibular duct as well as directly onto the floor of the mouth. Serous (epithelial) cells Function: protein secretion.  Myoepithelial cells Location: between the serous cells and the basal lamina of epithelium. Function: move the secretory products toward the excretory duct by contraction. • MINOR GLANDS: Location: simple branched tubular and acinar glands in the submucosa of oral cavity. • • • • Lingual glands Labial glands Buccal glands Palatine glands .

They arise in the hyoid arch region. In the linguogingival sulcus that lies towards the tongue. which have an endodermal origin. outside the anlage of the dental arch (lamina dentalis).The salivary glands arise only in the later embryonic period (stage 18. ca. arises the anlage of the ectodermal parotid gland (serous glands). . 44 days. 18 ). on the exterior of the labiodental lamina. the sublingual (mucous) and submandibular (seromucous) glands arise. The first sign is a thickening of the epithelium on the side of the tongue. In the labiogingival sulcus.