Sound Reinforcement & Acoustics in Multi-Purpose Arenas

• Arena „AufSchalke“ Gelsenkirchen now „VeltinsArena“ • Gottlieb Daimler Stadion Stuttgart by Volker Loewer, IFB Consulting

Multipurpose Arenas, Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics, PLS mediasystems 2006

Multi-Purpose Arena

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Speech Music Voice-Alarm Live Recorded Ease of operation Flexibility ...

Multipurpose Arenas, Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics, PLS mediasystems 2006

Multi-Purpose Arena • • • • • • • • • SPLmax Frequency Response Phase Response STI Background Noise Reverberation Reflections Noise Pollution … Multipurpose Arenas. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics. PLS mediasystems 2006 .

Multi-Purpose Arena • • • • Expectation of the Owners Tools for the Technicians Entertainment for the Patrons (that is where the money comes from) Multipurpose Arenas. PLS mediasystems 2006 . Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.

Introduction • • • Process (it is all a matter of nature) Subjective. Sensual Experience Models Nature Input Input Result Process Input Input Input Input Sensual Experience Input Multipurpose Arenas. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics. PLS mediasystems 2006 .

Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics. Calculation Results Parameters Subjective Perception? Listening ?! Interpretation ! Source Parameters Multipurpose Arenas.Models. Algorithms • • • Room Parameters Simplifying processes happening around us (nature) Discovering and understanding interaction and dependencies Calculate/Simulate paramaters and results Event Parameters Algorithm. PLS mediasystems 2006 .

Input Acoustical Properties Source Properties •Absorption •Reflection •Transmission Geometry Significant boundaries •Directivity •Efficiency •Quantity Multipurpose Arenas.Evaluation Concept. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics. PLS mediasystems 2006 .

PLS mediasystems 2006 .Simulation Concept Acoustical Properties Geometry Source Properties Multipurpose Arenas. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.

Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics. PLS mediasystems 2006 .Direct Sound Ld Direct Sound •Speaker output •Directivity •Distance •Number •Aiming Multipurpose Arenas.

Efficiency η Input 1W Pel Pak Pak Pel Output ?W η= Multipurpose Arenas. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics. PLS mediasystems 2006 .

Speaker Sensitivity Input 1W Pel 1m Output ? dB SPL Lsens= ? dB SPL/1W/1m Lsens= ? dB SPL/1W/1m Multipurpose Arenas. PLS mediasystems 2006 . Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.

Q & Di Q= 1 DI= 0 dB Q= 2 DI= 3 dB Q= 4 DI= 6dB DI = 10 log Q Multipurpose Arenas. PLS mediasystems 2006 .Speaker Directivity. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.

25 0.Direct and Reverberant Sound Field Ld & Lr Hopkins-Stryker Hopkins-Stryker D/R D/R 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 0. PLS mediasystems 2006 .5 1 1 2 2 4 4 Distance Distance SPL SPL Ld Ld Lr Lr 8 8 16 16 32 32 64 64 Multipurpose Arenas.25 0.5 0. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.

Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.5 1 1 2 2 4 4 Distance Distance Ld Ld Lr Lr Lt Lt SPL SPL 8 8 16 16 32 32 64 64 Multipurpose Arenas.Total Sound Field Lt = Ld + Lr Hopkins-Stryker Hopkins-Stryker D/R D/R 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 0.25 0. PLS mediasystems 2006 .5 0.25 0.

short throws? Steep aiming angles? Low or high directivity devices? Coverage according to listening area or shotgun design? Multipurpose Arenas. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.How is the desired Direct Sound Level generated ? • • • • • More or less number of sources? Long Throws. PLS mediasystems 2006 .

Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics. PLS mediasystems 2006 .The Total Acoustic Power Output creates: •Direct Sound Level Ld •Reflection Potential •Reverberation Level (Lr) •Intelligibility (Ld vs. Lr) •Total Sound Pressure Level (Lt = Ld+Lr) •Noise Pollution Potential Multipurpose Arenas.

PLS mediasystems 2006 . Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.A lower Total Acoustic Power Output …*: • reduces Potential Reflections • reduces Reverberant Level (Lr) • increases Intelligibility (Ld vs. Lr) • reduces Total Sound Pressure Level (Lt = Ld+Lr) • minimizes Potential Noise Pollution * for Equal Direct Sound Pressure Level Multipurpose Arenas.

typical Multipurpose Arenas. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.… and creates an excellent result: Impulse and Frequency Response. PLS mediasystems 2006 .

not occupied. PLS mediasystems 2006 .Speech Transmission Index. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics. typical Multipurpose Arenas.

PLS mediasystems 2006 . Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.Gottlieb Daimler Stadion. Stuttgart Multipurpose Arenas.

PLS mediasystems 2006 . Simulation Model Multipurpose Arenas.Gottlieb Daimler Stadion. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics. Stuttgart.

Schalke. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics. Concept Stuttgart. PLS mediasystems 2006 . Concept Multipurpose Arenas.

PLS mediasystems 2006 .000 seats Direct SoundPressure Level Ld = 96-107 dB SPL @ 1 kHz Pacoustic = 800 Watt All data from simulation All data from simulation Multipurpose Arenas.Schalke +60. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.000 seats Direct SoundPressure Level Ld = 98-107 dB SPL @ 1 kHz Pacoustic = 1400 Watt Stuttgart +50.

Schalke 04 e. media systems. now … VfB Stuttgart EnBW Hochbauamt Stuttgart Siemens Stuttgart … Multipurpose Arenas. PLS mediasystems 2006 . Gelsenkirchen Gottlieb Daimler Stadion. V. Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.Credits • • • • • • • • • Arena AufSchalke. now Veltins Arena FC Gelsenkirchen .

Discussion • Any Questions appreciated Multipurpose Arenas. PLS mediasystems 2006 . Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.

Sound Reinforcement and Acoustics.Sound Reinforcement & Acoustics in Multi-Purpose Stadiums Thank You for Your Attention! Multipurpose Arenas. PLS mediasystems 2006 .