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History of Modern Art

Neoclassicism and Romanticism in Europe and the United States

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Neoclassicism and the French Revolution

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Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii, 1784
Oil on canvas, approx. 10’ 10” x 13’ 11”
Louvre, Paris 37
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Jacques-Louis David, The Death of Socrates, 1787
Oil on canvas
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Jacques-Louis David, The Lictors Bring to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons, 1789
Oil on canvas
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Jacques-Louis David, The Tennis Court Oath, 1791

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Jacques-Louis David, The Death of Marat, 1793
Oil on canvas,. 5’ 5” x 4’ 2 1/2”
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels 38
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Napoleonic Europe 1800-1815

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Jacques-Louis David, Coronation of Napoleon, 1805–1808
Oil on canvas, 20’ 4 1/2” x 32’ 1 3/4”
Louvre, Paris 7
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Jacques-Louis David, Napoleon Crossing the Saint-Bernard, 1800–1801
Oil on canvas, 8’ 11" ! 7’ 7”
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Antoine-Jean Gros, Napoleon at the Pesthouse at Jaffa, 1804
Oil on canvas, 17’ 5” x 23’ 7”
Louvre, Paris 11
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French Romanticism

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François Rude, Departure of the Volunteers of 1792 (La Marseillaise)
Arc de Triomphe, Paris, France, 1833–1836
Limestone, 41’ 8” high 30
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Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, The Burial of Atala, 1808
Oil on canvas,. 6’ 11” x 8’ 9”
Louvre, Paris 12
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Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, Portrait of Jean-Baptiste Belley, 1797
Oil on canvas, 5’ 2 1/2" ! 3’ 8 1/2”
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Théodore Géricault, Raft of the Medusa, 1818–1819
Oil on canvas, 16’ 1” x 23’ 6”
Louvre, Paris 25
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Théodore Géricault. The Sighting of the “Argus,” 1818
Pen and ink on paper, 13 3/4 ! 16 1/8”
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Théodore Géricault, The Sighting of the “Argus,” 1818
Pen and ink, sepia wash on paper, 8 1/8 ! 11 1/4”
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Théodore Géricault, Study of Hands and Feet, 1818–1819
Oil on canvas, 20 1/2 ! 25 3/18”
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Théodore Géricault, Insane Woman 1822–1823
Oil on canvas, 2’ 4” x 1’ 9”
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyons 26
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Eugène Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830
Oil on canvas, 8’ 6” x 10’ 8”
Louvre, Paris 28
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18th & Early 19th Century Spanish Painting

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Francisco Goya, The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, from Los Caprichos, ca. 1798
Etching and aquatint, 8 1/2” x 5 7/8”
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 20
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Francisco Goya, The Family of Charles IV, 1800
Oil on canvas, approx. 9’ 2” x 11’
Museo del Prado, Madrid 21
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Francisco Goya, Third of May, 1808, 1814
Oil on canvas, 8’ 9” x 13’ 4”
Museo del Prado, Madrid 22
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Francisco Goya, Saturn Devouring One of His Children, 1819–1823
Detached fresco mounted on canvas, 4’ 9 1/8” x 2’ 8 5/8”
Museo del Prado, Madrid 23
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Orientalism

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Eugène Delacroix, Death of Sardanapalus, 1827
Oil on canvas, 12’ 1 1/2” x 16’ 2 7/8”
Louvre, Paris 27
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Eugène Delacroix, Tiger Hunt, 1854
Oil on canvas, 2’ 5” x 3’
Musée d’Orsay, Paris 29
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Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Grande Odalisque, 1814
Oil on canvas, approx. 2’ 11 7/8” x 5’ 4”
Louvre, Paris
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Jean-Léon Gérôme, The Snake Charmer, c. 1870
Oil on canvas, 33 ! 48 1/8”
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Lithography
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Honoré Daumier, The Print Lovers
Watercolor, black pencil, black ink and gray wash, 10 1/8 ! 12 1/8”
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Honoré Daumier, Rue Transnonain, 1834
Lithograph, 1’ x 1’ 5 1/2”
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia 43
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Honoré Daumier, Third-Class Carriage, ca. 1862
Oil on canvas, 2’ 1 3/4” x 2’ 11 1/2”
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 44
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Honoré Daumier, Nadar Raising Photography to the Height of Art, 1862
Lithograph, 10 3/4” x 8 3/4”
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 67
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Neo-Baroque Architecture in France

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Charles Garnier, the Opera, Paris, France, 1861-1874 63
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Neoclassical Architecture in France

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Henri Labrouste, Bibliothèque Sainte-Genevieve, 1843-1850
Paris, France
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Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, elevation plan
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Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, plans for ground floor (top) and main floor/reading room

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Henri Labrouste, reading room of the Bibliotheque Sainte-Genevieve
Paris, France, 1843-1850 64
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Romantic Landscape Painting in Britain

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John Constable, The Haywain, 1821
Oil on canvas, 4’ 3” x 6’ 2”
National Gallery, London 32
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Joseph Mallord William Turner, The Slave Ship (Slavers Throwing Overboard the
Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On), 1840
Oil on canvas, 2’ 11 11/16” x 4’ 5/16”
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 34
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Joseph Mallord William Turner, The Burning of the Houses of Lords and
Commons, 16th October 1834
Oil on canvas, 36 1/4 ! 48 1/2”
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Neoclassical Architecture in Britain

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Charles Barry and AWN Pugin, Houses of Parliament
London, England, designed 1835 61
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John Nash, Royal Pavilion, Brighton, England, 1815–1818 62
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Gothic Revival and Neoclassicism in America

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Jean-Antoine Houdon, George Washington, 1788-1792
Marble, 6’ 2” high
State Capitol, Richmond 43
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Horatio Greenough, George Washington, 1840
Marble, 11’ 4” high
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C. 44
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Jean-Antoine Houdon, George Horatio Greenough, George Washington,
Washington, 1788-1792 1840
Marble, 6’ 2” high Marble, 11’ 4” high
State Capitol, Richmond Smithsonian American Art Museum,
Washington, D.C.
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Richard Upjohn, Trinity Church, New York City, 1839–1846
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Thomas Jefferson, Monticello
Charlottesville, United States, 1770–1806
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Thomas Jefferson, Rotunda and Lawn, University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia, 1819-1826 47
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Benjamin Henry Latrobe, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. c. 1808
(Engraving by T. Sutherland, 1825)
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Landscape Painting in the United States

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Thomas Cole, The Oxbow (View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton,
Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm), 1836
Oil on canvas, 4’ 3 1/2” x 6’ 4”
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 35
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Albert Bierstadt, Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868
Oil on canvas, 6’ x 10’
National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
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Frederic Edwin Church, Twilight In the Wilderness, 1860s
Oil on canvas, 3’ 4” x 5’ 4”
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland
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German Romanticism

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Caspar David Friedrich, Abbey in the Oak Forest, 1810
Oil on canvas, 3' 7 1/2" X 5' 7 1/4"
Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Berlin 31
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Caspar David Friedrich, Monk by the Sea, 1809
Oil on canvas, 43 ! 67 3/4”
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Caspar David Friedrich, The Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog, 1818
Oil on canvas, 38.58 ! 29.13”
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Caspar David Friedrich, The Sea of Ice (The Wreck of Hope), 1823-1824
Oil on canvas, 50 x 38”
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