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and demand of the new generation population in the world. Manufacturing technology provides the tools that enable production of all manufactured goods. Manufacturing technology provides the productive tools that power a growing, stable economy and a rising standard of living.
Technological advance is the major factor in the creation of higher paying and more productive jobs. Moreover, technological advance is critical to achieving the greater product variety, quality and customization which has an ever more pervasive impact on the competitive position of nations and firms. e-Manufacturing is a collaborative Web-centric manufacturing that involves real-time data with trading partners and customers and making collaborative decisions about production based on that data. In order to collaborate, information must be converted into electronic form, protocols for communication must be established, and an infrastructure must be in place for connectivity with customers, suppliers and partners. Rather than producing high volumes of standard products, in anticipation of demand, e-manufacturing uses real-time information on customers¶ orders and productive capacity across the supply chain to speed customized products directly to the customer.
1.1.1 Biotechnology field
Molecular Imaging This early 21st century discipline is a new and innovative technological imaging system originating from the radio-pharmacology field that enables the visualization of the cellular function and the follow-up of the molecular process in living organisms without agitating them. This imaging system is applicable to the diagnosis of diseases like cancer, neurological and cardiovascular diseases.
Molecular imaging technologies provide information about the functional or metabolic characteristics of malignancies. It is a successor to the 3G and 2G families of standards. shape.2 Cell phone manufacturing With the introduction of smart-phones (phone/personal digital assistance). Molecular imaging may allow discovery of a "pre-disease state" in a patient when the first genomic and proteomic missteps in a pathway or cascade of events occur. in ways not previously possible. whereas conventional imaging technologies predominantly assess the tumor's anatomical or morphologic features including its size.5 billion mobile phone users in the world (Prensky. tumor stage and therapeutical response. cell phone manufacturing is reaching its peak and manufactures are now able to offer customers cell phones based on their needs. There was an estimated to be 1. This advanced battery is environmentally friendly and does not require electricity to charge and it¶s always powered with energy all the time. Molecular imaging stands to show. and it is based on the speed of . In telecommunications. Manufacturers have introduced a full touch screen phone that uses solar energy to recharge the battery of the cell phone.1.Molecular imaging differs from the traditional imaging methods which primarily imaged differences in qualities such as density or water content. 2004). etc 1. the dynamic underlying causes of disease while providing better treatment monitoring. in that probes known as biology markers (biomarkers) are used to help image particular targets or pathways. density. and tumor recurrence. 4G (fourth generation) is the fourth generation of cellular wireless standards. These biomarkers interact chemically with the surroundings and in turn alter the image according to molecular changes. Advances in fiber optics²very thin strands of glass that transmit light and data much more efficiently than wires and cables²not only improved the quality of voices transmitted over phone lines but also made high-volume phone traffic possible.
0 Manufactures have created phones that have Bluetooth 3. they are more realistic and their efficiency is not affected by shape and size compared to the liquid crystal diode (LCD). This advanced lighting technology comes in very small sizes. With an additional low-power usage. Bluetooth 3. . sensors and cars will use this type of technology.the internet and it¶s expected to be a faster service at 100 Mbit/s. LED makes screens brighter by emitting more light per watt. compared to the previous generations.0 chip. it¶s expected that a large variety of mobile phones. This further technology in manufacturing is expected to utilize fiber-optics. so screens can have a vey thin depth. Light-emitting diode (LED) LED technology uses LED lights for back lighting instead of the fluorescent lighting. These lights can be controlled to lower the amount of back lighting in dark areas of the screen and raise it in brighter areas for higher contrast and better blacks. giving an increase in transferring rates of up to a 10 meters distance. health monitoring.
This type of learning is being used by millions of people who are busy with their daily lives and do not have the means or time to be attending lectures in a classroom.1 In Learning E-learning comprises of all forms of electronically supported learning and teaching. learn. where students can have forums and discuss topics regarding their school work. E-learning also provides virtual classrooms. and websites not only to create efficiencies but also to become more effective. Widespread use of technology is changing the way people work.1. so as to create customer loyalty. technology use in services has advanced drastically to a point that most organizations rely heavily on it to deliver services to the satisfaction of the customer. smart phones. It is essentially the computer and network-enabled transfer of skills and knowledge. and communicate-even the way they carry out our regular. At universities and government sectors. daily activities. The information and communication systems serve as specific media to implement the learning process. They are using technology tools like handheld computers. .2.2 USE OF TECHNOLOGY IN SERVICES In recent years. mine data banks for insights as means to better serve their customers on a more personal level. 1. they create relational databases about customer needs and behavior.
. Being ready to access the new technology. students and community participants. Staff members could be trained to interpret the students¶ records and scheduling data and use it to make decisions. higher educational institutions are well positioned to take advantage of changes in this field. have questions asked and answered without having to go to the exact location of the company. mine data banks for insights and internet based business models. Software¶s allow a better managing with more sophisticated data-gathering tools. E-mails are used frequently as a form of communication to improve customer service and a quicker respond to certain customer needs or help requests. Service learning classes and activities can be augmented through the use of technology to provide more effective experiences for the faculty. 1. Create relational databases about customer needs and behavior. For example. an organization may use a database²rather than a slow and often inaccurate paper calendar²to quickly access client records and schedule new appointments. including service-learning experiences.2 Customer Service technology There are major areas in which technology is now able to assist in key advantages to businesses in engendering customer loyalty by improving customer service.In higher education. Communication can be unified so that one knows voice mails and emails are connected.2. allowing them to serve more people. technology has had a dramatic impact on teaching and learning. This creates efficiencies for the staff. such as which classes should be offered more often or which classes should be dropped. Other areas include: Websites provides service companies the area where their customers can seek more information about the company.
booking air-tickets and making hotel reservations. The latest generation networked ATMs allow the user to perform up to 150 kinds of transactions ranging from simple cash withdrawals and deposits.3 Financial Services Financial services industry uses technology in many ways to offer customers easier ways to access their finances without having to be physically present at the financial institution to have transactions performed. This model is additive in nature and may be seen as a modest extension of conventional branch-based banking. EFTPOS or co-operative schemes with other banks for users to perform transactions. Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) The bank-focused model emerges when a traditional bank uses non-traditional low-cost delivery channels to provide banking services to its existing customers. to eliminate the excess use of paper work and cash handling. . This technology uses intelligent systems and the internet. These machines are used in the banking services industry to enhance and deliver self-services quickly.2. Electronic Funds Transfer at Point Of Sale (EFTPOS) This is another way customers can be served quicker by use of debit or credit card technology available. With this method. This occurs whereby retailers wanted to reduce the amount of cash in the payment systems. Online banking Online banking systems have wider reaching implications because they do not rely on ATM¶s. the use of technology has enhanced service delivery to consumers who demand easier methods of payment at a point of sale without having to carry cash. to fund transfer to trading in stocks to buying mutual funds to something mundane like payment of electricity bills.1. Examples range from use of atm¶s to internet banking or mobile phone banking to provide certain limited banking services to banks¶ customers. by reducing queues in bank branches during peak times. and financial services institutions wanted to reduce the amount of cheque-based systems.
analyzing. Police analysts use GIS for planning and event modeling. regional.1. Governments Government agencies trust GIS technology to establish and regulate policy and to strengthen the welfare of their citizens. and visualize data in many ways that reveal relationships. question. and federal-level agencies use GIS as a common framework for organizing and sharing data in a digital world. response. City. Law Enforcement GIS is an effective crime-fighting tool. risk assessment. preparedness. It helps us answer questions and solve problems by looking at your data in a way that is quickly understood and easily shared. GIS is also an intelligent means for agencies to provide public information. and trends in the form of maps.4 Geographical Information System A geographic information system (GIS) integrates hardware. mitigation and prevention. and incident mapping. and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information. GIS has merged into the common operating procedures for public safety and emergency response activities. GIS technology can be integrated into any enterprise information system framework.2. patterns. and charts. Security GIS assets at local. reports. GIS allows us to view. and national levels are used in emergency response in the areas of detection. state. globes. managing. interpret. Utilized in both natural and human-induced disasters. They rely heavily on GIS to evaluate the results of census and to map features for an integrated view of information. tactical and strategic planning. understand. It gives all police officers access to information about crime throughout the city. and recovery. county. software. and data for capturing. Health .
and explore sites of environmental risk. .Effective health care services management uses GIS not only to show what resources and needs exist but also where to find them. They can geographically track public health indicators. Health experts also put GIS to work in epidemiological and public health monitoring. identify disease clusters.