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World HealtH StatiSticS

2009

Table 7
Health expenditure
Globally in 2006, expenditure on health was about 8.7% of gross domestic product, with the highest level in the
Americas at 12.8% and the lowest in the South-East Asia Region at 3.4%. This translates to about US$ 716 per capita
on the average but there is tremendous variation ranging from a very low US$ 31 per capita in the South-East Asia
Region to a high of US$ 2636 per capita in the Americas.
The share of government in health spending varies from 76% in Europe to 34% in South-East Asia. Where
government expenditure in health is low, the shortfall is made up in low-income countries by private spending, about
85% of which is out of pocket. This means that payment is made at the point of accessing health services. Such
payment does not allow for pooling of risks and leads to a high probability of catastrophic payments that can result in
poverty for the household.
External resources are becoming a major source of health funding in low-income countries. From a share of 12%
of total health expenditure in 2000, external resources represented 17% of low-income country health expenditure in
2006. Some low-income countries have two thirds of their total health expenditure funded by external resources. In
these situations, predictability of aid is an important concern.
These data are generated from sources that WHO has been collecting for over 10 years. The most comprehensive
and consistent data on health financing are generated from national health accounts that collect expenditure
information within an internationally recognized framework. National health accounts trace the financing as it flows
from sources which provide the funds to agents who decide on the use of the funds to providers and beneficiaries of
health services. Not all countries have or update national health accounts and, in these instances, data are obtained
through technical contacts in country or from publicly available documents and reports. Missing values are estimated
using various accounting techniques depending on the data available for each country. WHO sends all such estimates
to the respective ministries of health every year for validation.

107
7. Health expenditure
Member State Health expenditure ratios a

Total expenditure on General government Private expenditure on General government External resources for
health as % of gross expenditure on health health as % of total expenditure on health health as %
domestic product as % of total expenditure on health b as % of total of total
expenditure government expenditure on health
on health b expenditure
2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006
d,e,f
Afghanistan 6.1 9.2 3.1 32.4 96.9 67.6 6.7 6.2 1.0 28.1
Albania 6.4 6.5 36.3 37.3 63.7 62.7 7.1 8.7 6.0 3.5
Algeria 3.5 4.2 73.3 81.1 26.7 18.9 9.0 11.9 0.1 0.1
Andorra 7.6 7.4 65.0 70.4 35.0 29.6 19.1 22.7 0.0 0.0
d
Angola 2.4 2.6 79.9 86.8 20.1 13.2 3.2 5.0 3.6 7.0
Antigua and Barbuda 4.8 4.3 69.0 67.3 31.0 32.7 12.1 10.4 3.6 0.2
Argentina 8.9 10.1 55.4 45.5 44.6 54.5 14.7 14.2 0.0 0.1
Armenia 6.4 4.7 17.7 41.2 82.3 58.8 4.6 9.7 8.5 14.5
g
Australia 8.3 8.7 67.1 67.7 32.9 32.3 15.4 17.0 0.0 0.0
Austria 9.9 10.2 76.8 75.9 23.2 24.1 14.7 15.7 0.0 0.0
h
Azerbaijan 4.8 4.1 18.1 26.1 81.9 73.9 4.2 3.9 3.9 0.7
i
Bahamas 6.5 7.4 47.6 48.7 52.4 51.3 14.5 14.3 0.0 0.0
f
Bahrain 4.0 3.6 67.5 68.2 32.5 31.8 10.2 9.5 0.0 0.0
j
Bangladesh 3.3 3.2 26.5 31.8 73.5 68.2 6.1 7.0 19.4 15.8
i
Barbados 6.2 6.6 65.5 63.4 34.5 36.6 11.6 11.9 4.0 3.0
Belarus 6.4 6.4 76.6 74.9 23.4 25.1 10.7 10.2 0.1 0.2
k
Belgium 9.1 9.9 71.8 72.5 28.2 27.5 13.4 14.8 0.0 0.0
Belize 5.0 4.7 48.0 54.7 52.0 45.3 6.7 9.0 2.9 1.4
Benin 4.6 4.7 47.6 50.2 52.4 49.8 11.3 10.8 16.0 21.0
Bhutan 5.2 3.5 73.6 72.1 26.4 27.9 8.6 7.6 27.1 10.0
Bolivia 6.1 6.4 60.1 62.8 39.9 37.2 9.8 11.6 6.0 3.6
j
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.0 9.5 51.8 55.2 48.2 44.8 6.4 12.3 10.1 0.8
Botswana 4.8 7.1 63.7 76.5 36.3 23.5 8.3 17.8 0.5 5.8
Brazil 7.2 7.5 40.0 47.9 60.0 52.1 5.5 7.2 0.5 0.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.5 1.9 83.5 80.7 16.5 19.3 5.0 5.3 … …
l
Bulgaria 6.2 7.2 58.7 56.7 41.3 43.0 8.6 11.2 2.0 0.2
Burkina Faso 5.1 6.3 39.6 56.9 60.4 43.1 8.9 15.8 13.9 32.9
d
Burundi 4.1 8.7 13.2 8.6 86.8 91.4 2.1 2.4 21.8 47.5
j, m
Cambodia 5.8 5.9 22.5 26.0 77.5 74.0 8.7 10.8 9.4 22.2
d
Cameroon 4.6 4.6 22.5 21.2 77.5 78.8 6.8 6.7 4.1 8.0
Canada 8.8 10.0 70.4 70.4 29.6 29.6 15.1 17.8 0.0 0.0
Cape Verde 4.6 4.9 73.5 78.3 26.5 21.7 9.6 11.1 13.5 17.5
Central African Republic 3.8 4.0 41.4 38.3 58.6 61.7 10.0 10.9 22.9 21.2
Chad 6.3 4.9 42.5 53.9 57.5 46.1 13.1 13.8 24.9 17.7
Chile 6.2 5.3 48.7 52.7 51.3 47.3 11.3 14.1 0.1 0.1
China 4.6 4.6 38.3 40.7 61.7 59.3 11.1 9.9 0.1 0.1
Colombia 7.7 7.3 80.9 85.4 19.1 14.6 16.4 17.0 0.3 0.0
d
Comoros 2.8 3.2 54.1 55.1 45.9 44.9 9.5 8.4 29.7 31.9
Congo 2.1 2.1 57.7 71.7 42.3 28.3 4.8 5.4 4.6 3.4
i, n
Cook Islands 3.8 4.3 90.6 91.5 9.4 8.5 9.9 11.5 2.2 23.2
Costa Rica 6.5 7.7 76.8 68.4 23.2 31.6 21.7 21.5 1.0 0.1
Côte d'Ivoire 5.3 3.8 24.8 23.6 75.2 76.4 7.2 4.2 4.6 8.3
Croatia 9.1 8.2 86.1 86.1 13.9 13.9 14.5 16.4 0.4 0.1
i
Cuba 6.7 7.7 90.9 91.6 9.1 8.4 11.9 11.2 0.1 0.2
l
Cyprus 5.7 6.2 41.6 44.8 58.4 55.2 6.4 6.4 0.0 0.0
k
Czech Republic 6.5 6.9 90.3 88.0 9.7 12.0 14.1 13.8 0.0 0.0
d,i,o
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 3.6 3.5 85.9 85.6 14.1 14.4 6.0 6.0 0.8 49.6
Democratic Republic of the Congo 3.7 6.8 1.1 18.7 98.9 81.3 0.4 5.8 3.7 51.9
k
Denmark 8.3 10.8 82.4 85.9 17.6 14.1 12.6 18.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 5.8 6.8 67.8 74.1 32.2 25.9 12.0 13.4 32.6 30.1

108
World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Health expenditure ratios a


Health expenditure per capita a

Social security Out-of-pocket Private prepaid Per capita total Per capita total Per capita Per capita
expenditure on health expenditure as % plans as % expenditure expenditure government government
as % of general of private of private on health at on health c expenditure on health expenditure
government expenditure on health expenditure on health average exchange (PPP int. $) at average exchange on health c
expenditure on health rate (US$) rate (US$) (PPP int. $)
2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006
0.0 0.0 98.9 78.5 0.0 0.0 6 27 … 91 <1 9 … 29
20.2 30.2 99.9 94.9 0.0 0.0 75 187 239 381 27 70 87 142
35.5 26.7 96.7 94.6 3.1 5.2 63 148 188 315 46 120 138 255
88.1 87.7 76.2 73.4 21.6 24.4 1 284 2 822 1 905 2 980 835 1 987 1 239 2 099
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 16 71 56 115 13 62 44 100
0.0 0.0 86.8 86.9 13.2 13.1 412 517 599 823 285 348 413 555
59.4 58.5 63.3 43.8 32.6 51.1 689 551 814 1 205 382 251 451 549
0.0 0.0 91.6 87.6 … 0.1 40 98 130 226 7 41 23 93
0.0 0.0 60.0 56.4 21.9 23.2 1 734 3 302 2 271 3 119 1 164 2 237 1 524 2 113
58.8 59.1 66.1 65.8 20.7 19.2 2 364 3 974 2 858 3 608 1 816 3 014 2 196 2 737
0.0 0.0 78.3 86.4 0.3 0.7 31 102 104 254 6 27 19 66
1.8 2.8 40.3 41.1 58.6 57.8 1 078 1 419 1 361 1 872 513 691 648 912
0.4 0.4 68.7 68.0 25.4 12.6 488 788 820 … 329 537 554 …
0.0 0.0 88.1 88.3 0.0 0.1 11 12 27 37 3 4 7 12
0.0 0.0 77.3 78.6 22.7 21.4 557 774 916 1 208 365 490 601 765
5.8 2.7 57.1 68.8 0.1 0.1 66 243 328 623 51 182 251 466
79.0 81.6 84.7 79.0 12.3 18.7 2 062 3 726 13 4 1 480 2 701 9 3
0.0 8.8 100.0 100.0 … … 153 205 229 332 74 112 110 182
… … 99.9 94.9 0.1 5.1 15 26 50 61 7 13 24 31
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 42 49 132 140 31 36 97 101
62.0 75.8 81.6 81.0 8.1 10.2 61 79 192 257 37 49 115 161
95.9 93.4 100.0 100.0 … … 93 296 282 616 48 163 146 340
10.5 5.2 35.5 27.5 3.9 5.2 154 379 374 815 98 290 238 624
0.0 0.0 62.7 63.8 33.9 33.8 267 427 506 674 107 204 202 323
… … 98.8 98.9 0.6 0.5 443 571 1 036 941 370 460 865 759
12.7 65.2 99.1 97.1 0.0 0.8 96 297 377 744 57 169 222 421
0.8 0.2 94.4 91.5 1.0 2.1 11 27 41 73 4 15 16 41
… … 79.4 57.4 … … 4 10 12 31 1 1 2 3
0.0 0.0 97.1 84.7 0.0 0.0 17 30 51 96 4 8 12 25
0.1 0.1 94.0 94.8 … … 27 45 75 94 6 10 17 20
2.0 2.0 53.5 49.0 38.9 42.7 2 080 3 917 2 514 3 673 1 465 2 759 1 770 2 587
36.1 28.6 99.6 99.7 0.4 0.3 55 112 97 139 41 88 72 109
… … 95.0 95.0 … … 10 14 25 27 4 5 10 11
… … 96.2 96.2 0.4 0.4 10 29 49 72 4 16 21 39
67.2 67.2 48.7 54.8 51.3 45.1 302 473 572 689 147 249 278 363
57.2 57.3 95.6 83.1 1.0 6.5 44 94 109 216 17 38 42 88
60.2 72.3 59.0 43.9 41.0 56.1 154 217 370 464 124 185 300 396 Table 7
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 8 16 21 27 4 9 11 15
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 … … 21 44 56 74 12 31 33 53
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 196 566 436 810 177 517 395 741
89.6 94.0 88.2 86.7 2.3 7.7 265 402 467 779 204 275 359 533
… … 90.7 87.8 9.3 12.2 33 35 84 63 8 8 21 15
97.6 91.0 100.0 92.2 … 7.8 375 790 839 1 169 323 680 723 1 006
0.0 0.0 91.9 93.3 0.0 0.0 183 362 353 674 167 332 321 617
0.0 0.2 95.3 84.3 4.7 12.2 749 1 459 1 973 2 754 311 653 820 1 232
89.5 89.5 100.0 95.5 0.0 1.8 361 953 980 1 511 326 839 885 1 329
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 16 <1 1 1 14 <1 1 1
0.0 0.0 97.0 48.9 … … 10 10 8 19 <1 2 <1 4
0.0 0.0 91.0 90.1 9.0 9.5 2 479 5 447 2 379 3 773 2 044 4 677 1 961 3 239
11.3 10.1 98.4 98.6 1.6 1.4 44 63 90 133 30 47 61 98

109
7. Health expenditure
Member State Health expenditure ratios a

Total expenditure on General government Private expenditure on General government External resources for
health as % of gross expenditure on health health as % of total expenditure on health health as %
domestic product as % of total expenditure on health b as % of total of total
expenditure government expenditure on health
on health b expenditure
2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006
Dominica 5.9 5.9 69.0 63.0 31.0 37.0 8.6 7.8 3.7 0.8
Dominican Republic 6.3 5.6 34.5 37.0 65.5 63.0 15.9 10.4 2.0 1.9
p
Ecuador 4.2 5.3 31.2 43.6 68.8 56.4 6.4 7.3 4.1 0.7
Egypt 5.6 6.3 40.1 41.4 59.9 58.6 7.5 7.3 1.0 0.8
El Salvador 8.0 6.6 45.2 61.8 54.8 38.2 14.3 15.7 0.9 3.2
Equatorial Guinea 1.9 2.1 50.7 80.4 49.3 19.6 7.8 6.9 9.6 3.5
Eritrea 5.5 3.6 49.7 45.9 50.3 54.1 4.0 4.2 24.7 37.6
l
Estonia 5.3 5.2 77.5 73.3 22.5 26.7 11.3 11.1 0.9 0.6
Ethiopia 4.3 3.9 53.6 59.3 46.4 40.7 8.5 10.0 16.4 42.7
Fiji 4.7 3.7 69.0 69.8 31.0 30.2 10.3 8.4 6.2 2.1
Finland 7.0 8.2 73.4 76.0 26.6 24.0 10.6 12.7 0.0 0.0
France 10.1 11.0 79.4 79.7 20.6 20.3 15.5 16.7 0.0 0.0
d
Gabon 4.5 4.5 67.9 73.0 32.1 27.0 14.0 14.0 1.5 1.8
Gambia 4.4 5.0 44.6 56.8 55.4 43.2 8.8 11.2 29.5 34.7
j
Georgia 7.4 8.4 16.7 21.5 83.3 78.5 6.4 5.6 5.1 6.7
Germany 10.3 10.6 79.7 76.9 20.3 23.1 18.2 17.9 0.0 0.0
Ghana 7.2 5.1 41.4 34.2 58.6 65.8 10.8 4.4 9.5 22.6
Greece 7.9 9.5 60.0 62.0 40.0 38.0 8.6 11.6 … …
Grenada 6.4 6.9 68.3 63.5 31.7 36.5 13.2 9.0 … 0.8
Guatemala 5.5 5.3 39.8 37.7 60.2 62.3 16.7 14.7 3.4 1.0
Guinea 5.3 5.8 12.4 14.1 87.6 85.9 4.0 4.7 9.0 11.8
Guinea-Bissau 7.0 5.8 14.3 26.3 85.7 73.7 2.3 4.0 41.0 33.4
Guyana 5.5 5.9 84.5 85.8 15.5 14.2 10.0 9.0 4.2 27.4
Haiti 6.3 8.4 40.3 67.6 59.7 32.4 23.3 29.8 31.2 65.8
Honduras 5.4 6.4 55.9 47.8 44.1 52.2 15.1 15.0 8.8 5.4
Hungary 6.9 8.3 70.7 70.9 29.3 29.1 10.5 11.3 0.0 …
k
Iceland 9.6 9.1 81.0 82.0 19.0 18.0 18.4 18.0 0.0 0.0
India 4.3 3.6 21.8 25.0 78.2 75.0 3.3 3.4 0.6 1.0
j
Indonesia 1.6 2.5 38.3 50.5 61.7 49.5 3.8 6.2 10.8 2.2
r
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 5.9 6.8 37.0 50.7 63.0 49.3 9.6 11.5 0.0 0.1
d,i,s
Iraq 1.5 3.5 26.9 78.1 73.1 21.9 1.3 3.4 24.8 13.6
Ireland 6.3 7.5 73.5 78.3 26.5 21.7 14.7 17.2 0.0 0.0
Israel 7.8 8.0 62.8 56.0 37.2 44.0 10.2 9.9 2.6 2.3
Italy 8.1 9.0 72.5 77.2 27.5 22.8 12.7 14.2 0.0 0.0
Jamaica 6.2 4.7 52.6 53.1 47.4 46.9 6.6 4.2 1.8 1.7
Japan 7.7 8.1 81.3 81.3 18.7 18.7 16.0 17.9 0.0 0.0
t
Jordan 9.4 9.7 46.5 43.3 53.5 56.7 10.3 8.7 4.6 4.7
Kazakhstan 4.2 3.6 51.0 64.3 49.0 35.7 9.2 10.4 7.4 0.3
Kenya 4.5 4.6 48.2 47.8 51.8 52.2 11.6 9.7 8.3 14.9
Kiribati 12.1 13.1 88.0 86.9 12.0 13.1 8.7 7.8 26.4 0.4
Kuwait 3.1 2.2 78.1 78.2 21.9 21.8 8.8 4.9 0.0 0.0
Kyrgyzstan 4.7 6.4 44.3 43.0 55.7 57.0 8.3 8.7 9.9 10.0
Lao People's Democratic Republic 3.2 4.0 32.5 18.6 67.5 81.4 5.1 3.7 30.3 12.9
Latvia 6.0 6.6 54.4 59.2 45.6 40.8 8.8 10.8 0.5 0.2
Lebanon 10.9 8.8 30.0 44.3 70.0 55.7 7.8 11.3 2.1 1.9
Lesotho 6.2 6.8 51.0 58.9 49.0 41.1 6.5 8.2 3.1 14.3
d
Liberia 3.7 4.8 17.8 25.8 82.2 74.2 4.4 9.8 13.9 50.7
d
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 3.7 2.4 61.7 66.3 38.3 33.7 7.2 5.4 0.0 0.0
l
Lithuania 6.5 6.2 69.7 70.0 30.3 30.0 11.6 12.9 1.7 1.8
Luxembourg 5.8 7.3 89.3 90.9 10.7 9.1 13.9 17.1 0.0 0.0

110
World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Health expenditure ratios a


Health expenditure per capita a

Social security Out-of-pocket Private prepaid Per capita total Per capita total Per capita Per capita
expenditure on health expenditure as % plans as % expenditure expenditure government government
as % of general of private of private on health at on health c expenditure on health expenditure
government expenditure on health expenditure on health average exchange (PPP int. $) at average exchange on health c
expenditure on health rate (US$) rate (US$) (PPP int. $)
2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006
0.0 0.0 88.9 81.1 11.1 18.9 235 275 387 487 162 173 267 307
17.0 27.1 71.9 64.3 18.7 23.5 172 206 333 379 59 76 115 140
28.0 41.4 85.3 85.6 4.8 5.7 54 166 202 379 17 73 63 165
23.8 26.4 94.1 94.9 0.4 0.2 82 92 208 320 33 38 84 132
44.2 47.7 94.6 88.9 5.4 11.1 169 181 351 360 77 112 159 223
0.0 0.0 89.2 75.6 0.0 0.0 51 440 160 633 26 353 81 509
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 9 8 33 19 5 4 16 9
88.2 83.9 88.5 93.3 0.0 3.9 219 632 521 958 169 464 404 702
0.0 0.0 79.1 80.6 0.5 3.0 5 7 19 26 3 4 10 16
0.0 0.0 79.1 79.1 15.0 15.0 98 139 160 164 68 97 110 114
19.5 19.6 78.8 77.6 9.8 9.1 1 639 3 232 1 794 2 656 1 203 2 455 1 316 2 018
84.1 93.6 34.4 33.2 61.5 63.0 2 193 3 937 2 542 3 420 1 740 3 139 2 018 2 727
2.0 1.8 100.0 100.0 … … 193 351 552 628 131 256 375 458
0.0 0.0 85.3 71.2 3.7 4.6 13 15 39 57 6 9 18 32
44.0 51.5 93.4 91.9 0.5 1.4 48 147 153 337 8 32 26 73
87.3 87.9 55.1 57.1 40.8 39.7 2 371 3 718 2 670 3 465 1 890 2 858 2 127 2 664
… … 79.6 77.8 6.1 6.0 18 33 65 76 7 11 27 26
46.0 50.8 94.5 94.8 5.5 5.2 919 2 280 1 449 2 547 551 1 414 869 1 580
0.0 0.0 100.0 95.4 … … 261 333 388 485 179 212 265 308
52.3 45.4 89.7 91.4 4.2 3.1 95 143 218 267 38 54 87 101
1.8 1.5 99.5 99.5 0.0 0.0 20 20 47 65 2 3 6 9
5.3 3.0 53.0 55.8 0.0 0.0 11 12 34 29 2 3 5 8
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 … … 53 72 116 144 45 62 98 124
0.0 … 84.3 89.6 … … 26 42 61 89 10 29 25 60
14.3 15.8 85.4 87.1 7.3 7.3 62 99 138 226 35 47 77 108
83.9 84.8 89.8 77.6 0.6 4.5 326 929 852 1 492 231 659 602 1 058
33.4 33.5 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 2 940 4 994 2 738 3 207 2 383 4 093 2 219 2 628
5.8 4.9 92.1 91.4 1.0 1.1 19 29 63 86 4 7 14 22
7.4 17.3 63.0 70.4 8.3 8.4 12 39 37 82 5 20 14 42
42.3 41.0 95.9 94.8 3.2 4.4 65 215 387 678 24 109 143 344
… … 100.0 100.0 … … 18 62 84 146 5 49 23 114
1.2 0.9 41.0 57.2 28.5 38.6 1 723 3 871 1 950 3 106 1 267 3 030 1 434 2 431
72.4 72.3 78.5 75.3 10.4 14.4 1 557 1 675 1 845 2 034 978 938 1 159 1 138
0.1 0.1 89.1 88.5 3.2 4.1 1 547 2 813 2 061 2 631 1 122 2 172 1 495 2 031
0.0 0.0 65.0 63.7 30.0 32.0 189 180 313 307 99 95 164 163
80.9 78.7 90.1 80.8 1.7 13.7 2 827 2 759 1 967 2 581 2 298 2 242 1 598 2 097
0.6 0.5 74.7 75.9 5.5 7.4 166 238 302 435 77 103 141 188 Table 7
0.0 0.0 99.0 98.4 0.1 0.1 51 190 198 352 26 122 101 227
10.9 8.8 80.1 80.0 7.1 6.9 18 29 51 67 9 14 25 32
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 70 121 154 230 61 105 135 200
0.0 0.0 93.9 91.6 6.1 8.4 523 803 903 956 408 628 705 748
10.0 20.9 89.3 94.1 … … 13 35 62 115 6 15 27 50
1.4 11.5 91.8 76.1 0.0 0.4 11 24 41 80 3 4 13 15
87.7 88.1 96.8 97.2 3.2 2.2 197 582 456 1 018 107 345 248 603
52.1 53.1 80.1 76.1 17.3 19.9 485 494 801 859 145 219 240 381
0.0 0.0 73.1 68.9 … … 28 51 65 98 14 30 33 57
0.0 0.0 66.0 65.7 0.0 0.0 7 7 14 15 1 2 3 4
… … 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 237 219 385 355 146 145 238 235
88.3 84.5 86.2 98.3 0.3 1.3 212 547 543 981 148 383 378 687
82.6 77.3 65.2 70.7 10.1 18.7 2 708 6 506 3 137 5 494 2 418 5 912 2 800 4 992

111
7. Health expenditure
Member State Health expenditure ratios a

Total expenditure on General government Private expenditure on General government External resources for
health as % of gross expenditure on health health as % of total expenditure on health health as %
domestic product as % of total expenditure on health b as % of total of total
expenditure government expenditure on health
on health b expenditure
2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006
Madagascar 2.7 3.2 54.5 62.8 45.5 37.2 8.4 9.3 27.3 49.4
Malawi 6.1 12.9 43.8 69.0 56.2 31.0 7.3 17.1 26.9 59.6
Malaysia 3.2 4.3 52.4 44.6 47.6 55.4 6.2 7.0 0.6 0.0
j
Maldives 5.8 8.1 70.8 79.7 29.2 20.3 10.9 9.2 3.3 0.4
Mali 6.3 5.8 32.9 49.6 67.1 50.4 9.5 12.2 7.8 17.6
Malta 6.8 8.4 72.5 77.0 27.5 23.0 12.0 14.7 0.0 0.0
i
Marshall Islands 20.3 14.4 98.0 97.4 2.0 2.6 21.1 14.7 11.4 66.1
d
Mauritania 2.8 2.2 71.2 69.5 28.8 30.5 6.5 5.3 23.6 18.0
Mauritius 3.8 3.9 52.0 51.1 48.0 48.9 8.7 9.4 1.4 1.0
Mexico 5.6 6.6 46.6 44.2 53.4 55.8 12.5 11.8 1.0 0.0
Micronesia (Federated States of) 8.4 13.3 93.9 96.0 6.1 4.0 10.5 18.9 38.4 57.1
d
Monaco 3.0 4.5 75.3 74.1 24.7 25.9 17.4 15.6 0.0 0.0
Mongolia 5.8 5.7 67.3 73.7 32.7 26.3 10.7 12.7 23.1 1.5
u
Montenegro 7.8 8.3 71.6 71.9 28.4 28.1 14.4 13.5 … 1.3
Morocco 4.2 5.3 29.4 26.2 70.6 73.8 4.0 4.8 0.8 2.5
Mozambique 4.8 5.0 68.5 70.8 31.5 29.2 13.9 12.5 32.5 60.3
v
Myanmar 2.1 2.2 13.4 13.1 86.6 86.9 1.2 1.5 1.1 11.2
Namibia 7.0 5.4 68.9 66.7 31.1 33.3 13.1 10.5 3.8 21.1
i
Nauru 11.3 13.8 72.7 67.3 27.3 32.7 11.2 38.1 9.8 0.0
j
Nepal 5.1 5.1 24.9 30.5 75.1 69.5 7.7 9.2 15.2 15.7
Netherlands 8.0 9.4 63.1 80.0 36.9 20.0 11.4 16.4 0.0 0.0
New Zealand 8.1 9.3 79.1 77.8 20.9 22.2 16.4 18.4 0.0 0.0
Nicaragua 7.1 9.6 51.5 48.2 48.5 51.8 12.9 17.0 8.4 7.7
Niger 3.5 5.9 54.5 54.7 45.5 45.3 10.9 17.8 40.0 32.8
Nigeria 5.0 3.8 33.5 29.7 66.5 70.3 4.2 3.5 16.2 5.9
i
Niue 8.0 13.6 98.2 98.6 1.8 1.4 6.3 10.8 4.5 66.3
Norway 8.4 8.7 82.5 83.6 17.5 16.4 16.4 17.9 0.0 0.0
Oman 3.1 2.3 82.3 82.3 17.7 17.7 7.3 5.4 0.0 0.0
Pakistan 2.4 2.0 20.0 16.4 80.0 83.6 1.8 1.3 0.9 3.2
i, j
Palau 9.5 10.5 89.1 80.8 10.9 19.2 11.3 11.3 14.4 12.9
Panama 7.8 7.3 68.1 68.8 31.9 31.2 21.3 11.5 1.0 0.2
Papua New Guinea 4.0 3.2 81.7 82.0 18.3 18.0 9.9 7.3 23.8 11.2
Paraguay 9.2 7.6 40.2 38.3 59.8 61.7 17.5 13.2 2.8 0.8
Peru 4.7 4.4 53.0 58.3 47.0 41.7 12.1 13.8 2.0 1.5
Philippines 3.4 3.8 47.6 32.9 52.4 67.1 7.0 6.1 3.5 2.9
k
Poland 5.5 6.2 70.0 70.0 30.0 30.0 9.4 9.9 0.0 0.1
Portugal 8.8 10.2 72.5 70.5 27.5 29.5 14.9 15.5 0.0 0.0
f
Qatar 2.3 4.3 68.8 78.2 31.2 21.8 5.6 9.7 0.0 0.0
Republic of Korea 4.5 6.4 48.8 55.7 51.2 44.3 9.3 11.7 0.0 0.0
q
Republic of Moldova 5.9 9.4 50.3 46.9 49.7 53.1 8.7 11.0 16.7 4.6
l
Romania 5.3 4.5 67.3 76.9 32.7 23.1 9.2 7.9 5.6 0.0
Russian Federation 5.4 5.3 59.9 63.2 40.1 36.8 9.6 10.8 0.2 0.1
Rwanda 4.2 10.9 39.2 42.5 60.8 57.5 8.2 18.8 52.0 52.4
Saint Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.8 60.3 61.3 39.7 38.7 9.5 9.5 5.3 0.0
Saint Lucia 5.8 6.3 58.5 57.8 41.5 42.2 11.7 10.9 0.4 0.2
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5.7 5.6 63.9 62.4 36.1 37.6 10.8 9.3 0.2 0.0
j
Samoa 5.6 5.0 70.9 83.0 29.1 17.0 10.8 10.5 17.3 4.3
San Marino 7.5 7.2 85.8 85.4 14.2 14.6 20.4 13.8 0.0 0.0
f
Sao Tome and Principe 6.3 6.3 80.5 85.0 19.5 15.0 7.6 10.3 27.5 50.5
Saudi Arabia 4.0 3.3 76.4 77.0 23.6 23.0 9.2 8.7 0.0 0.0

112
World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Health expenditure ratios a


Health expenditure per capita a

Social security Out-of-pocket Private prepaid Per capita total Per capita total Per capita Per capita
expenditure on health expenditure as % plans as % expenditure expenditure government government
as % of general of private of private on health at on health c expenditure on health expenditure
government expenditure on health expenditure on health average exchange (PPP int. $) at average exchange on health c
expenditure on health rate (US$) rate (US$) (PPP int. $)
2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006
… … 52.8 52.5 10.8 10.7 7 9 21 28 4 6 11 18
0.0 0.0 42.4 28.4 9.1 15.7 9 21 38 62 4 14 17 43
0.6 0.8 75.4 73.2 11.9 14.4 128 259 289 544 67 115 151 242
0.0 0.0 97.1 97.5 0.0 0.0 132 245 170 422 93 195 120 336
… … 99.1 99.5 0.1 0.5 17 31 52 67 5 15 17 33
0.0 0.0 96.9 90.4 3.1 8.0 641 1 308 2 864 4 223 465 1 008 2 075 3 254
35.0 12.3 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 418 358 580 520 410 349 568 506
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 12 19 40 41 8 13 28 29
… … 74.6 80.6 8.3 10.0 146 230 302 488 76 118 157 250
67.6 60.2 95.3 93.9 4.7 6.1 327 527 507 778 152 233 236 344
21.4 22.2 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 170 284 216 375 160 273 202 360
98.5 98.4 83.1 83.6 16.9 16.4 3 775 6 353 4 377 5 585 2 843 4 706 3 297 4 137
24.5 50.0 36.2 44.0 0.0 0.0 26 70 108 164 17 52 73 121
98.8 97.0 100.0 100.0 … … 114 348 442 718 81 250 316 516
0.0 0.0 76.6 77.3 23.4 22.7 54 113 109 207 16 30 32 54
0.0 0.0 40.9 40.6 0.6 0.6 11 16 21 36 8 11 15 26
3.1 1.8 99.2 99.4 0.0 0.0 3 5 11 24 <1 1 1 3
1.8 2.3 18.2 15.7 77.3 79.1 127 174 243 261 88 116 167 174
0.0 0.0 24.4 84.4 0.0 0.0 375 758 940 1 214 273 510 684 816
0.0 0.0 91.2 85.2 0.1 0.4 12 17 40 52 3 5 10 16
93.9 95.1 24.3 29.3 43.0 28.7 1 925 3 872 2 337 3 481 1 214 3 097 1 474 2 785
0.0 0.0 69.9 74.6 28.5 21.2 1 109 2 421 1 686 2 448 877 1 884 1 333 1 906
16.2 23.9 90.2 98.1 5.9 1.4 55 92 133 235 28 44 69 113
… … 87.6 96.5 11.3 3.0 5 16 16 38 3 9 9 21
0.0 0.0 92.7 90.4 5.1 6.7 17 33 59 59 6 10 20 18
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 323 1 043 496 1 261 317 1 028 487 1 243
17.1 14.9 95.5 95.2 0.0 0.0 3 156 6 267 3 039 4 519 2 603 5 241 2 507 3 779
0.0 0.0 65.1 57.7 20.2 22.9 254 332 461 526 209 273 380 433
0.0 0.0 98.2 97.9 … … 12 16 40 47 2 3 8 8
0.0 0.0 100.0 40.3 0.0 43.3 594 811 1 046 1 402 529 655 932 1 133
50.0 47.7 81.3 80.6 18.7 19.2 306 380 560 738 208 262 381 507
0.0 0.0 56.0 41.5 5.5 6.3 26 29 64 62 21 24 52 51
53.0 35.3 88.6 87.7 10.9 11.3 122 117 309 312 49 45 124 119
42.9 39.7 79.4 77.5 17.2 19.0 98 149 232 316 52 87 123 184
14.7 25.8 77.2 83.5 11.1 9.7 34 52 80 120 16 17 38 39
82.6 83.9 100.0 85.4 0.8 1.9 247 555 583 919 173 389 408 643
1.3 1.2 80.8 77.3 11.1 13.8 970 1 864 1 509 2 199 704 1 315 1 095 1 552 Table 7
0.0 0.0 84.5 88.2 … … 659 2 759 1 259 … 454 2 157 866 …
79.3 77.3 81.5 81.0 8.4 7.6 494 1 168 747 1 467 241 651 364 817
0.0 75.0 97.9 97.7 … 0.4 21 90 86 242 10 42 43 113
89.4 85.0 100.0 96.8 0.0 1.7 87 256 320 472 59 197 215 363
40.3 42.3 74.7 81.5 8.1 10.2 95 367 410 698 57 232 246 441
6.4 4.1 40.7 38.6 0.9 9.2 9 33 24 89 4 14 9 38
0.0 0.0 94.2 94.6 5.8 5.4 387 570 541 768 233 350 326 471
4.9 3.4 95.4 93.8 4.6 6.2 251 350 429 594 147 202 251 343
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 … … 164 230 282 393 105 144 180 245
0.3 0.7 81.3 76.1 0.0 0.0 74 117 155 193 52 97 110 161
100.0 84.4 94.8 95.7 5.2 4.3 2 154 3 527 2 870 3 238 1 849 3 011 2 463 2 764
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 21 49 … 95 17 42 … 81
… … 28.3 13.4 42.4 52.1 362 492 692 720 276 379 529 554

113
7. Health expenditure
Member State Health expenditure ratios a

Total expenditure on General government Private expenditure on General government External resources for
health as % of gross expenditure on health health as % of total expenditure on health health as %
domestic product as % of total expenditure on health b as % of total of total
expenditure government expenditure on health
on health b expenditure
2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006
Senegal 4.3 5.8 36.9 56.9 63.1 43.1 8.5 12.0 17.4 12.3
u, w
Serbia 7.1 8.2 67.4 69.7 32.6 30.3 12.9 12.9 1.1 0.8
Seychelles 5.3 6.3 75.3 75.1 24.7 24.9 8.4 8.8 5.6 3.4
d
Sierra Leone 4.9 4.0 43.0 36.4 57.0 63.6 7.6 7.8 19.6 33.5
Singapore 3.5 3.3 36.2 33.1 63.8 66.9 6.2 6.7 0.0 0.0
Slovakia 5.5 7.1 89.4 70.6 10.6 29.4 9.7 13.5 0.0 0.0
Slovenia 8.4 8.4 74.0 72.2 26.0 27.8 13.1 13.5 0.2 0.0
Solomon Islands 5.2 5.1 91.6 91.5 8.4 8.5 17.9 14.1 14.8 18.8
d, f
Somalia … … … … … … … … … …
South Africa 8.1 8.0 42.4 37.7 57.6 62.3 10.9 9.1 0.3 0.9
k
Spain 7.2 8.4 71.6 71.2 28.4 28.8 13.2 15.5 0.0 0.0
j
Sri Lanka 3.6 4.2 47.9 47.5 52.1 52.5 6.8 8.3 0.3 1.1
d
Sudan 3.0 3.8 26.3 36.8 73.7 63.2 7.2 5.8 4.8 6.5
Suriname 8.0 6.2 48.8 42.6 51.2 57.4 9.7 8.0 10.9 8.1
Swaziland 6.1 6.3 58.6 65.8 41.4 34.2 11.6 11.2 5.5 12.3
k
Sweden 8.2 9.2 84.9 81.7 15.1 18.3 12.6 13.8 0.0 0.0
k
Switzerland 10.3 10.8 55.6 59.1 44.4 40.9 17.1 18.5 0.0 0.0
x
Syrian Arab Republic 4.8 3.9 40.4 47.8 59.6 52.2 6.5 6.0 0.1 0.8
Tajikistan 4.6 5.0 20.4 22.5 79.6 77.5 4.9 5.0 2.3 6.3
j
Thailand 3.4 3.5 56.1 64.5 43.9 35.5 10.0 11.3 0.0 0.3
The former Yugoslav Republic of 7.6 8.0 70.9 70.6 29.1 29.4 15.8 16.5 3.2 1.1
Macedonia
y, z
Timor-Leste 8.8 17.7 70.9 86.0 29.1 14.0 12.7 16.6 52.7 44.9
Togo 4.8 6.0 29.9 21.2 70.1 78.8 8.0 5.8 6.6 12.3
Tonga 5.5 4.9 72.4 74.6 27.6 25.4 15.2 10.6 26.5 34.4
Trinidad and Tobago 3.9 4.4 42.8 56.5 57.2 43.5 5.7 7.6 4.7 2.4
Tunisia 5.6 5.1 48.5 44.2 51.5 55.8 6.8 6.7 0.9 0.9
Turkey 4.9 4.8 62.9 72.5 37.1 27.5 9.8 10.6 0.1 0.0
d
Turkmenistan 4.8 3.8 74.2 66.5 25.8 33.5 14.9 14.9 1.2 0.1
i
Tuvalu 13.4 11.4 92.3 92.7 7.7 7.3 5.9 16.1 40.6 4.0
Uganda 6.6 7.0 26.8 25.4 73.2 74.6 7.3 8.9 28.3 31.2
Ukraine 6.0 6.9 48.0 55.4 52.0 44.6 8.4 8.8 0.5 0.5
United Arab Emirates 3.2 2.5 76.6 70.4 23.4 29.6 7.6 8.7 0.0 0.0
United Kingdom 7.1 8.2 80.9 87.3 19.1 12.7 14.7 16.3 0.0 0.0
United Republic of Tanzania 3.9 6.4 40.4 57.8 59.6 42.2 8.9 13.7 26.7 43.9
United States of America 13.2 15.3 43.7 45.8 56.3 54.2 19.5 19.3 0.0 0.0
Uruguay 10.5 8.2 33.4 43.5 66.6 56.5 10.3 9.2 0.1 0.5
Uzbekistan 5.8 4.7 44.9 50.2 55.1 49.8 6.3 8.0 1.1 1.7
Vanuatu 4.1 4.1 67.0 65.0 33.0 35.0 9.8 10.9 2.4 8.8
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 6.0 4.9 53.1 49.5 46.9 50.5 10.9 9.3 0.6 0.1
Viet Nam 5.4 6.6 30.1 32.3 69.9 67.7 6.6 6.4 2.5 2.2
Yemen 4.5 4.5 41.9 46.0 58.1 54.0 6.2 5.6 8.2 24.8
Zambia 5.7 6.2 51.3 60.7 48.7 39.3 9.4 16.4 17.8 38.1
d,f,i
Zimbabwe 8.3 9.3 43.1 48.7 56.9 51.3 7.3 8.9 1.6 17.3

114
World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Health expenditure ratios a


Health expenditure per capita a

Social security Out-of-pocket Private prepaid Per capita total Per capita total Per capita Per capita
expenditure on health expenditure as % plans as % expenditure expenditure government government
as % of general of private of private on health at on health c expenditure on health expenditure
government expenditure on health expenditure on health average exchange (PPP int. $) at average exchange on health c
expenditure on health rate (US$) rate (US$) (PPP int. $)
2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006
17.9 4.0 91.7 77.0 7.1 19.5 20 44 54 92 7 25 20 52
92.4 93.0 85.2 87.9 … … 68 336 411 773 46 234 277 539
5.0 3.8 63.0 62.5 0.0 0.0 401 565 742 931 302 424 558 699
0.0 0.0 75.2 56.4 3.0 3.7 7 12 17 29 3 4 7 11
4.8 17.7 97.0 93.8 0.0 2.9 803 1 017 1 151 1 536 291 337 417 509
94.4 89.5 100.0 79.8 0.0 0.0 208 735 603 1 279 186 520 539 903
93.9 92.9 44.1 42.5 51.0 47.1 710 1 607 1 447 2 063 525 1 161 1 070 1 490
0.0 0.0 66.7 66.7 0.0 0.0 42 44 80 100 39 40 73 91
… … … … … … … … … … … … … …
3.3 4.3 18.9 17.5 75.6 77.7 237 425 519 715 100 160 220 270
9.6 7.3 83.1 74.7 13.7 20.9 1 036 2 328 1 536 2 466 742 1 658 1 100 1 757
0.3 0.1 83.3 86.7 12.2 9.1 33 62 99 171 16 30 47 81
9.3 12.0 100.0 100.0 … … 11 37 37 72 3 14 10 27
40.7 42.8 44.0 51.1 0.8 0.8 162 250 369 391 79 106 180 167
0.0 0.0 42.4 41.4 18.9 18.5 80 155 207 300 47 102 121 197
0.0 0.0 91.1 87.9 1.2 1.6 2 280 3 973 2 283 3 162 1 936 3 245 1 938 2 583
72.6 72.6 74.1 75.3 23.6 22.3 3 582 5 660 3 265 4 179 1 992 3 347 1 816 2 471
0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 58 66 159 164 23 31 64 78
0.0 0.0 99.0 96.6 0.0 0.0 6 21 41 81 1 5 8 18
9.4 12.4 76.9 76.6 12.8 15.6 69 113 172 264 39 73 97 170
97.5 93.3 100.0 100.0 … … 136 249 470 630 96 176 334 444

0.0 0.0 43.4 37.2 0.0 0.0 34 52 68 109 24 45 48 94


12.5 17.3 86.6 84.2 5.4 4.3 11 21 32 46 3 4 9 10
0.0 0.0 82.5 84.2 9.6 3.7 87 114 163 181 63 85 118 135
0.0 0.0 86.3 88.0 7.2 6.9 243 600 … … 104 339 … …
26.7 25.2 81.7 81.7 16.6 16.6 114 156 271 355 55 69 131 157
55.5 53.8 74.6 84.2 11.8 15.8 194 352 432 584 122 255 272 423
6.1 6.1 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 53 146 … … 39 97 … …
0.0 0.0 11.5 15.6 0.0 0.0 162 280 324 434 149 259 299 402
0.0 0.0 56.7 51.0 0.1 0.2 15 24 45 71 4 6 12 18
0.0 0.5 90.1 88.8 0.9 1.2 39 160 198 433 19 89 95 240
0.0 0.0 69.4 69.4 20.2 20.2 697 1 018 1 263 1 409 534 717 967 992
0.0 0.0 69.5 91.7 16.7 7.8 1 782 3 332 1 846 2 815 1 441 2 908 1 493 2 457
0.0 0.9 80.0 54.3 4.3 7.7 11 23 30 72 4 13 12 42
34.1 28.7 26.6 23.5 62.7 66.4 4 570 6 719 4 570 6 719 1 997 3 076 1 997 3 076
50.0 47.8 25.9 31.1 74.1 68.9 635 476 818 833 212 207 274 362
0.0 0.0 97.0 97.1 0.0 0.0 32 30 83 102 14 15 37 51
Table 7
0.0 0.0 50.0 50.0 7.5 7.5 53 67 127 125 35 44 85 81
19.5 20.0 87.0 88.6 3.7 3.6 290 332 510 540 154 164 271 267
19.7 38.8 91.7 90.2 4.1 2.6 21 46 75 151 6 15 23 49
… … 94.8 95.2 … … 24 40 84 102 10 18 35 47
0.0 0.0 80.5 67.2 0.7 3.7 18 58 52 79 9 35 26 48
0.0 0.0 48.0 50.3 34.1 28.8 48 38 <1 … 21 18 <1 …

115
7. Health expenditure
Member State Health expenditure ratios a

Total expenditure on General government Private expenditure on General government External resources for
health as % of gross expenditure on health health as % of total expenditure on health health as %
domestic product as % of total expenditure on health b as % of total of total
expenditure government expenditure on health
on health b expenditure
2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006

RANGES OF COUNTRY VALUES


Minimum 1.5 1.9 1.1 8.6 1.8 1.4 0.4 1.3 0.0 0.0
Maximum 20.3 17.7 98.2 98.6 98.9 91.4 23.3 38.1 52.7 66.3
Median 5.7 6.2 56.9 62.8 43.1 37.2 9.7 10.7 2.5 1.7

WHO REGION
African Region 5.5 5.5 44.8 47.1 55.2 52.9 8.2 8.7 6.8 10.7
Region of the Americas 11.3 12.8 45.7 47.7 54.3 52.3 16.3 16.8 0.1 0.1
South-East Asia Region 3.6 3.4 28.0 33.6 72.0 66.4 4.2 4.7 2.4 1.9
European Region 8.0 8.4 73.6 75.6 25.8 24.4 13.7 14.8 0.2 0.1
Eastern Mediterranean Region 4.3 4.5 47.1 50.9 52.9 49.1 7.0 7.3 1.2 2.0
Western Pacific Region 6.0 6.1 63.9 61.0 36.1 39.0 13.7 13.8 0.2 0.2

INCOME GROUP
Low income 4.2 4.3 33.3 36.2 66.7 63.8 5.4 5.9 11.7 16.9
Lower middle income 4.5 4.5 39.2 43.2 60.8 56.8 7.9 8.2 1.1 0.8
Upper middle income 6.1 6.3 52.9 55.1 47.1 44.8 9.1 9.8 0.6 0.2
High income 10.0 11.2 59.8 60.7 40.0 39.3 16.0 17.1 0.0 0.0
Global 8.2 8.7 56.6 57.6 43.3 42.4 13.7 14.3 0.3 0.4

116
World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Health expenditure ratios a


Health expenditure per capita a

Social security Out-of-pocket Private prepaid Per capita total Per capita total Per capita Per capita
expenditure on health expenditure as % plans as % expenditure expenditure government government
as % of general of private of private on health at on health c expenditure on health expenditure
government expenditure on health expenditure on health average exchange (PPP int. $) at average exchange on health c
expenditure on health rate (US$) rate (US$) (PPP int. $)
2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006

0.0 0.0 11.5 13.4 0.0 0.0 3 <1 <1 1 <1 <1 <1 1
100.0 98.4 100.0 100.0 77.3 79.1 4 570 6 719 4 570 6 719 2 843 5 912 3 297 4 992
2.0 2.9 88.2 85.3 4.2 5.2 98 211 282 377 60 114 143 212

8.2 7.6 55.9 49.8 36.2 39.6 33 58 83 111 15 27 37 52


32.2 27.7 33.7 30.6 56.7 60.4 1 799 2 636 1 935 2 788 815 1 252 885 1 329
6.3 8.5 88.7 88.3 2.5 2.8 19 31 58 85 6 11 16 29
50.0 49.2 68.6 70.8 22.4 22.1 936 1 756 1 197 1 719 704 1 350 881 1 299
15.0 19.7 88.0 87.0 7.4 8.1 69 116 184 259 36 65 87 132
65.6 63.1 88.9 80.7 4.2 9.3 290 361 297 461 212 246 190 282

3.4 7.0 89.9 85.4 2.6 2.8 14 22 39 57 5 8 13 21


38.7 40.3 91.4 85.7 3.3 5.9 38 74 106 181 15 33 42 78
41.3 40.4 70.4 70.0 23.6 25.7 235 412 480 707 121 225 254 389
45.1 41.6 39.3 36.2 50.5 54.3 2 629 4 012 2 691 3 848 1 574 2 470 1 608 2 335
43.9 41.1 51.5 49.3 39.5 42.0 473 716 555 790 276 429 314 455

Table 7

117