Conjunctions

Co-ordinating Sub-ordinating
Coordinate Conjunctions Correlative conjunctions Subordinate conjunctions Conjunctive adverbs

Coordinate conjunctions are used to join two similar grammatical constructions; for instance, two words, two phrases or two clauses.

Correlative conjunctions are used in pairs, in order to show the relationship between the ideas expressed in different parts of a sentence.

Subordinating conjunctions introduce subordinate clauses. Subordinate conjunctions serve as a link between a principal clause and a clause dependent on it.

Connecting adverbs are often used to show the relationship between ideas expressed in a clause and ideas expressed in a preceding clause, sentence or paragraph.

both ... and, either ... or and, but, or, nor, and neither ... nor, yet and for whether….or, (for only can link rather…than…not clauses) only….but also, etc

that, because, if, however, therefore, that, what, whatever, accordingly, also, so, which, who ,whom, afterwards, still, though, although, consequently, indeed while, when, where, likewise, moreover, how, that, wherever nevertheless, similarly, , why, so in order nonetheless, otherwise that, as if, until etc

Examples:
My friend and I will go to the movies. He came because I I’d rather be poor than sick. called him. I ‘m surprised that he got married I wanted to study; however, I was too tired.

I don’t mind whether she’s We were tired but very rich or poor. happy She’s both intelligent and We will go or choose for blond. something else

We knew what to expect. Therefore, we were not Wherever you go I will surprised at what happened. follow you

List of subordinate conjunctions
As After Although or though Before Because For If Providing, provided Since So or so that Supposing Than Unless Until or till Whereas on the other hand Whether if at the time when on the other hand although As if As long as As soon as As though Even if In case Or else in a similar way if while immediately when in a similar way in spite of a possibility because of a possibility otherwise because when later in time in spite of the fact that earlier than for the reason that for, because on condition that on condition that from a past time as, because consequently in order that if used in comparisons except when, if not up to the time when because
As he is my friend, I will help him. We watched as the plane took off. After the train left, we went home. Although it was late, we did not feel tired. I arrived before the stores were open We had to wait, because we arrived early. He is happy, for he enjoys his work If she is here, we will see her All will be well, providing you are careful I have been here since the sun rose. Since you are here, you can help me. It was raining, so we did not go out. I am saving money so I can buy a bicycle. Supposing that happens, what will you do? He is taller than you are. Unless he helps us, we cannot succeed. I will wait until I hear from you. Whereas this is a public building, it is open to everyone. He is short, whereas you are tall. I do not know whether she was invited. While it was snowing, we played cards. He is rich, while his friend is poor. While I am not an expert, I will do my best

While

In addition, the following phrases are often used at the beginning of subordinate clauses