The Mole Concept

THE M OLE CONCEPT

Notes
One mole of a substance contains 6.02 x 1023 atoms/molecules No. of moles = 

Volume of a gas = no. of moles x 24dm3 Concentration (mol/dm3) = 
 

Workout questions
1. When excess carbon monoxide is burnt in 50 cm3 of oxygen gas, what is volume of carbon dioxide produced? a. 25 cm3 b. 50 cm3 c. 75 cm3 d. 100 cm3 2. Which statement is true for 1 mole of nitrogen dioxide gas and 1 mole of hydrogen gas? a. Both have the same mass b. Both have the same number of molecules c. Both have the same number of atoms d. Both have the same density 3. Which statement is true for 1 mole of HCl (aq) and 1 mole of HCl (g)? a. Both have the same volume b. Both have the same concentration c. Both have the same number of atoms d. Both react with magnesium to produce hydrogen gas

© Han, 2011. All rights reserved.

4. At room temperate and pressure, what is the ratio of the volume of 2g of hydrogen gas to 32g of oxygen gas? a. 1 : 1 b. 1 : 2 c. 2 : 1 d. 1 : 16 5. Which of the following contains the same number of molecules as 10g of hydrogen gas? a. 10g of oxygen gas b. 60g of carbon c. 80g of oxygen gas d. 10g of carbon 6. What is the percentage by mass of nitrogen in ammonium nitrate?

7. What is the mass of oxygen in 50g of copper (II) oxide?

8. How many moles of NH4Cl react with an excess of NaOH to produce 500cm3 of gas?

© Han, 2011. All rights reserved.

9. What is the volume of sulphuric acid of concentration 2.0 mol/dm3 that is needed to react with excess zinc metal to produce 72cm3 of hydrogen gas?

10. If 100 cm3 of hydrochloric acid is used to neutralize exactly 250 cm3 of a 1.0 mol/dm3 ammonium hydroxide solution, what is the concentration in g/dm3 of the hydrochloric acid solution used?

© Han, 2011. All rights reserved.

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