5.

1 Well test types and purpose Gas well test can be grouped in two groups: Pressure transient test seek to; 
   

Evaluate reservoir parameters. Characterize reservoir heterogeneities. Assess reservoir extent and geometry. Determine Reservoir rock properties. Determine reservoir fluids properties.

Productivity well tests are conducted to; 

Identify produced fluids and determine their respective volume ratios. Measure reservoir pressure and temperature. Obtain samples suitable for PVT analysis. Determine well deliverability. Evaluate completion efficiency. Characterize well damage. Evaluate work over or stimulation treatment. 

    

5.1.1 pressure-transient test It refers to well tests in which we generate and measure pressure changes with time. These tests allow us to evaluate not only near-wellbore conditions but also the in-situ reservoir properties beyond the region affected by drilling and completion operations. It can be subdivided further more into: Single well test. Multi well test.

A. Single-well tests. As the name implies, single-well tests involve only one well in which the pressure response is measure following a rate change. From the measured pressure response, we can characterize average properties in a portion or all of the drainage area of the tested well. A common single-well test, a pressure

From these data. The basic concept in multiwell test is either to produce from or to inject into one well. if conducted and analyzed properly. and observe the pressure response I one or more offset wells. Multiwell tests. a drowdown or flow test is conducted by producing a well at a known and constant rate while measuring BHP changes as a function of time. when the pressure transient test is affected by outer reservoir boundaries. It can be subdivided further more into: Single point test. These specific drawdown tests are called reservoir-limit tests. In addition.2 Deliverability tests: Deliverability tests are flow tests designed to measure the production capabilities of a well under specific reservoir conditions. placing a bottomhole pressure (BHP) measuring device in the well. drawdown tests Can be used to establish the outer limits of the reservoir and to estimate the hydrocarbon volume in the well's drainage area. Multiwell tests are designed to determine properties in region centered along a line connecting pairs of wells and therefore are more sensitive to directional variations of reservoir properties. including permeability and skin factor. pressure drawdown tests also can be used to estimate well deliverability and. The IPR curve describes the relationship between surface production rate and BHFP for a specific value of reservoir pressure. When economic considerations require a minimum loss of production time. A common productivity indicator obtained from these tests is the absolute open-flow AOF potential. Another and possibly more important application of deliverability testing is to generate a reservoir inflow performance relationship IPR or gas backpressure curve. 5. Drowdown test are designed primarily to quantify the reservoir flow characteristics. Although these tests are used primarily for gas wells. such as permeability.buildup test. is conducted by first stabilizing a producing well at some fixed rate. . In addition these tests can determine the presence or lack of communication between two points in the reservoir. Another common pressure-transient test. B. are viable alternatives to deliverability tests. From a pressure-buildup test. and the rate of pressure build up is used to estimate well and formation properties. or observation wells.1. The AOF is the maximum rate at which a well could flow against a theoretical atmospheric backpressure at the sandface. and shutting in the well. the active well. the BHP builds up as a function of time. we can estimate average reservoir pressure and permeability in the well's drainage area and the properties of the region immediately adjacent to wellbore. we can estimate both permeability and porosity in the drainage area of the wells and can quantify some reservoir anisotropies. deliverability testing also is applicable to oil wells. Following shut-in. It needs to stabilize flowing conditions for proper analysis. When the flow rate is changed in one well and the pressure response is measured in one or more other wells the test is called a multiwall test.

as required by many regulatory agencies. Single point test is an attempt to overcome the limitation of long test times required for the flow after flow tests in low permeability formations. Single tests are particularly appropriate when the well's deliverability characteristics are being updated. Modified isochronal tests. Modified isochronal test. B.Flow after flow test. sometimes called gas backpressure pr four point tests. Consequently. A. a modification of the isochronal test was developed . C. are conducted by producing the well at series of different stabilized flow rates and measuring the stabilized BHFP at the sandface. Flow after flow tests. D. even after short flow periods in an isochronal test. Isochronal test. The time to build up to average reservoir pressure before flowing for CERTAIN TIME MAY STILL BE IMPRACTICAL. Single point tests are conducted by flowing the well at a single rate until the BHFP is stabilized.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful