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With the exclusion of very excessive price electric areas, absorption chillers cost more to run compare to electric chillers. The price also twice as much to buy. So, a reason other than regular electric cost is required to substantiate a base-loaded absorption method, except the chiller is fired by "waste heat". Steam-fired absorption is a suitable application where there is a low cost of steam such as waste energy plant. Absorption chillers don’t use a CFC or HCFC refrigerant; so, some users buy absorption chillers for this environmental benefit. Larger tonnages (500 tons above) have a more constructive first cost after matched to electric technologies. So, larger capacity units are more regular for absorption applications. Absorption chiller also is used in residences like campuses. This might be the circumstance where residences either did not have chillers or used previous single-effect absorption units and have advanced to double-effect or direct fired absorption technology. Applications • Large Tonnage Space Cooling • Industrial Process Cooling • Cogen Waste Heat utilization • Waste-to-Energy utilization
50 ton/hour .0 Waste Heat Fired Absorption Chillers Most of the absorption chillers usage whichever steam or fuel (petroleum gases) for heat input.375) / 40.500 F. The exhaust must produce a minimum temperature of about 550 F and a maximum of 1. using this formula:  Chilling capacity in tons = m x (Tg .950 Where m = mass flow rate in pound per hour Tg = exhaust gas inlet temp (F) to absorption chiller 40.40 kg/hour (10490F – 375)/ 40950 = 3452. But. gas turbine and cogeneration system can be exhausted in the absorption process. The existing cooling is a purpose of the exhaust gas temperature and mass flow rate.950 = conversion factor 209750. The most conventional application is consuming the exhaust from a gas turbine to deliver cooling for the intake air.1. heat waste from process.
or hot exhaust gas from a gas-turbine or engine) or steam-driven with high pressure steam (40 to 140 psig). These units typically have a COP of 1. Steam driven units require about 9 to 10 pph per ton of 114 psig input steam at ARI standard rating conditions. the high temperature heat transfer).2. and W is the compressor work input.0 Absorption chillers are available in two types: Single Effect (Stage) Units operating on low pressure (less than 20 psig) as the propelling force.0 to 1.7 and need about 18pph per ton of 9 psig steam at the generator flange.e. Qd is the desorber heat (i. QC is the condenser heat.000 Btuh HHV per ton of cooling at ARI standard rating conditions.000 to 12.  3. Gas-fired units require an input of about 10..  Double Effect (2-Stage) Units are available as gas-fired (either direct gas firing.. . The units normally have a COP of 0.0 ABSORPTION MACHINE PERFORMANCE As with other refrigeration technologies.e. the thermal performance of an absorption machine is defined in terms of a coefficient of performance as Where Qe is the evaporator heat (i.2. ga is the absorber heat. the refrigeration effect).
apogee. www.php/adsorption-chiller 2.0 Recommended chiller  Waste heat .net/ces/library/tcac.hu/index.asp .Double Effect (2-Stage) absorption chiller is the recommended chiller for the 60MW Gas Turbine Reference: 1.4.adszorpcio. http://cipco.