Dialogue

:
“Hi! How's it going?”
Spelling/Sounds: The Russian alphabet - Part I
Group I: Letters that look and sound (roughly)
the same as English
Group II: Letters that look like English but
represent a different sound
Group III: Letters that look different than English

The following dialogue is basically the same as Dialogue A in Lesson 1, with three new words in lines 1, 2 and 3. Be sure to
listen to the recording very carefully.

Диалђг

Dialogue
ЗдрЌвствуй! Как делЌ?

ВЎра:

1

Vera
МЏша:

2

3

ПрекрЌсно! А у тeбј?

Great! How about you?

Нeплђхо.

Not bad.

[Neplókho].
4

Misha
ВЎра:

Hi, Misha! How’s it going?

[Prekrasno!. A u tebyá?]

Vera
МЏша:

ЗдрЌвствуй, МЏша! Как дeлЌ?
[ZdrЌstvuy, Mísha! Kak delá?]

Misha
ВЎра:

Hi! How’s it going?

ИзвинЏ, мнe нЎкогда. ПокЌ.

Sorry, I’m in a hurry (= I have no time).
Later

[Izviní, mne nékogda. Poká.]
5

Vera

Ну, лЌдно, до свидáния. (МЏша walks away) Нахáл!
[Nu, ládno, do svidániya. (Mísha walks away) Nakhál!]

Well, OK, see you later. (Mísha walks
away) Jerk!

СловЌрь

Vocabulary

1

здрЌвствуй

[zdrástvuy] (first ‘в’ [v] is silent)

hi (not quite as informal as привЎт [privét])

2

прекрЌсно

[prekrásno]

great; superb(ly)

3

неплђхо

[neplókho]

not bad

2-1

2. мЌмe ([about] mother). тђкe ([about] electric current). but slightly shorter. кђма (coma). and. тЎма (theme) комЎта (comet) 2-2 .Part I All of the following descriptions of Russian pronunciation are approximations. the speakers on the recordings. Unstressed Е/е gets reduced to the ee in keep. Unstressed vowels: When О/о and А/а are not stressed. 2.А Spelling / Sounds The Russian Аlphabet .2-й урђк 2. listen carefully to your instructors in class. кто (who). там (there). though a few are cognates): акт (act). ем (I eat). First and foremost.А. кот (male cat). their pronunciation gets ‘reduced’ to the sound roughly the same as the last sound in sofa. мат (checkmate). Word-Initial E/е: At the beginning of the word (and a few other places) Е/е is pronounced [ye] as in yet. Much more on this later. perhaps more importantly. and do your best to imitate them. кeм (by whom). тђмe ([in a] volume). томЌт (tomato). ” Listen and repeat (keeping in mind the above two notes): мЌма (mom).1 Group 1: Letters that look and sound (roughly) the same as English ” Listen and repeat: RUSSIAN LETTER APPROXIMATE SOUND А/а a as in father Е/e e as in bed ye as in yes (We’ll explain later how to predict which to use) ” К/к k as in skin М/м m as in mom О/о o as in born Т/т t as in stop (with the tongue against the upper teeth) Now some real words (don’t worry about the meanings. тем (by that). котЌ ([of a] male cat). More details on vowel reduction in Lesson 9. том (tome) TWO IMPORTANT NOTES: 1.

вор (thief) С/с секрЎт (secret). which means ‘faith’). онЌ (she/it). НевЌ (the Neva river in St. ромЌн (novel. сѓхо (dry). сЎвер (north). ѓхо (ear). крђме (except). хвост (tail).as in Anna Karenina). вам ([to] you). romance). вЌта (cotton padding). Ђнна (Anna . МосквЌ (Moscow).also used as a euphemism. ѓтка (duck). advisory council) У/у ѓксус (vinegar). мох (moss). МонтЌна (the state). вЎто (veto). тут (here). similar to ‘fudge!’ in English) Do Oral Exercise 1 in the Homework (page 2-6) now! 2-3 .Spelling / Sounds Lesson 2 2. сђрок (forty). мукЌ (flour). ВЎра (Vera. курс (course) Х/х хор (choir). хомѓт (horse collar) хрен (horseradish . монЌх (monk). совЎт (Soviet. сок (juice). сенЌт (Senate). вЎна (vein or Vienna). век (century). вЎко (eyelid). Ѓва (ate the apple) Н/н нет (no). рукЌ (arm). тђнна (ton). нос (nose). ракЎта (rocket). окнђ (window).А. Торђнто (the city). урЌ (hurrah). мѓка (torture). хЌта (hut). ТехЌс (Texas). рђт (mouth).2 Group 2: Letters that look like English but represent a different sound ” Listen and repeat: RUSSIAN LETTER APPROXIMATE SOUND ” В/в v as in victory Н/н n as in no (tongue against the upper teeth) Р/р r as in run (but trilled) С/с s as in set (also: с as in ice) У/у u as in lunatic Х/х no exact English equivalent (roughly ch as is Bach or Scottish Loch) Listen and repeat: В/в вот (here is). Petersburg) Р/р рекЌ (river). Маркс (as in Karl). трус (coward).

ген (gene). бетђнного ([of] concrete-adj. грубЌ (rude). ногЌ (leg/foot). грђмкого ([of] loud). junk). the rest tomorrow) ” Listen and repeat: RUSSIAN LETTER APPROXIMATE SOUND Б/б b as in bed Г/г g as in gun v as in victory (only in the combinations -ого / -его. дрЌма (drama). КанЌда (the country). НебрЌска (the state) Г/г грех (sin). ДЎнвер (the city).) Ж/ж ” zh as in Zhivago (also: s as in pleasure) З/з z as in zoo И/и i as in machine Й/й y as in toy Л/л l as in leave П/п p as in spin Listen and repeat: Б/б брат (brother. Бах (Bach). ВЌгнер (the composer). 2-4 . Кђнго (the country). мђда (fashion. водЌ (water). which is a grammatical ending. дђктор (doctor). рагѓ (stew) Pronounced as [v] in the combinations -его / -ого at the end of a word: егђ (him/his).). дно (bottom). табЌк (tobacco).А.) Д/д d as in day (with the tongue against upper teeth) Ё/ё 1) o as in born 2) yo as in your (We’ll explain later how to predict which to use.2-й урђк Spelling / Sounds 2. тогђ ([of] that). We saw this in ничегђ. бар (bar – place to drink). style). АдЌм (Eve’s partner). though depending on your brother.3 Group 3: Letters that look different than English (Part 1 today. гром (thunder).. два (two). негђ (him) Д/д дом (house. Орегђн (the state).). бђмба (bomb). банЌн (banana). building). дЎрево (tree). губЌ (lip). брак (marriage.. not ‘brat’. собЌка (dog).

ЙокогЌма (Yokohama). КувЎйт (Kuwait). ПикЌссо (the artist). тигр (the animal). ёлка (Christmas tree). пЌсха (Easter) RUSSIAN~STAR WARS CONNECTION? Some people with way too much time on their hands have noticed some “secret” connections between Russian and several Star Wars characters: • The robot C3PO is derived from СССР (Союз СовЎтских СоциалистЏческих Респѓблик). ѓжас (horror). КолорЌдо (the state) П/п Пётр (Peter). вампЏр (vampire). Гёте. закђн (law). ПакистЌн (the country). вЌжно (important) З/з зЎбра (zebra). солдЌт (soldier). author of Дђткор ЖивЌго). the Russian word for toad. мой (my). Детрђйт (the city) Л/л лимђн (lemon). НЏксон (not a crook) Й/й йод (iodine). сестёр ([of] sisters). (Goethe). овёс (oats). • Chewbacca is a variant of собЌка. вЏски (whiskey). жён ([of] wives). псих (psycho). not John). отвёртка (screwdriver) Examples with a preceding [y] sound: моё (my). жук (beetle). ковёр (carpet). Платђн (Plato). врёт (is lying). АлабЌма (Sweet Home). звездЌ (star). вариЌнт (version). СтЌлин (Uncle Joe). рѓсский (Russian). труп (corpse). жетђн ([subway] token). the newspaper). журнЌл (magazine). • Jabba (the Hutt) is a variant of жЌба. твоё (your). козЌ (goat).Spelling / Sounds Lesson 2 Ё/ё (this letter is always stressed in the word) нёс (carried). of course. ИрЌк (the country). no Russian~Jar Jar connection. монтёр (electrician). there’s the whole “evil empire” theme. ужЎ (already). жЌба (toad). пункт (point). стёр (wiped off). жарЌ (heat). Do Oral Exercise 2 in the Homework now! 2-5 . её (her) Ж/ж женЌ (wife). йђга (yoga). прЌвда (truth. Йорк (York). КанзЌс (the state) зђна (zone). And. казЌк (Cossack). РЎйган (40th US president). ковбђй (cowboy). ЖенЎва (Geneva). Аризђна (the state). Гудзђн (Hudson). лЎто (summer). зђнт (umbrella) И/и ИрЌн (the country). жанр (genre). май (May). Sorry. ЛЎнин (Vladimir. нЏтка (thread). жЎртва (victim). АргентЏна (the country). ПастернЌк (the writer. своё (one’s own). that we know of. тёте ([to] aunt). КлЏнтон (42nd US president). the Russian word for dog. the Russian spelling of USSR – though this doesn’t explain the ‘O’ at the end. зЌнавес (curtain).

бампЏр вампЏр вампЎр вамрЏр 6. хѓнта хорвЌт кѓнта сѓнта 7. зЌзда жЌжда жЌжга жЎжда 10. сигарЎта сидарЎта гигарЎта сигарЏта 7. Платђн Рлатђн Плитђн Платѓн 12. нос сон сан сун 2. номЎнт мумЎнт мемЌнт момЎнт 3. Врѓклин Брђклин Брѓхлин Брѓклин 11. зупнЌл жорнЎл журнЌл жупнЌл 13. срок сѓрок сђрок сЌрак ” Exercise 2 Circle the word you hear: 1. Аризђна Аризѓна АризЎна Апизђна 15. мукЌ мѓка мокЌ мѓку 4. БорЎс БорЌс ВорЏс БорЏс 2-6 . ванЌн банѓн банЌн бамЌн 2. тёте тЎте тђто тёта 9. Ђва Ѓву Ѓва Іва 8. сЌбава забђва зЌбава забЌва 5. Оредђн Орегђн Урегђн Орегѓн 3.2-й урђк ” Exercise 1 ДомЌшнее задЌние Circle the word you hear: 1. усЌх осЎх усЎх усЌк 10. Марс Маркс Наркс Марх 9. нѓта нЌта нђту нђта 6. бодЎма богЎма бохЎма вогЎма 14. реЌтор ракЌта ракЎта ракЎту 5. ДомЎр Гомѓр ГомЎр ГумЎр 8. дђктор дђхтор дЌктор гђдтор 4.

AйдЌхо _____________________________ 11. каравЌн _____________________________ 14. РембрЌндт _____________________________ 15. (Hint – many are proper nouns): 1. спагЎтти _____________________________ 20. Толстђй _____________________________ 4. джаз _____________________________ 19. момЎнт _____________________________ 10. Бетхђвен _____________________________ 18. пeликЌн _____________________________ 3.2-й урђк ДомЌшнее задЌние Exercise 3 Write the English equivalents to the following Russian words. баскетбђл _____________________________ 9. НЏксон _____________________________ 7. зодиЌк _____________________________ 16. ЖенЎва _____________________________ 5. хулигЌн _____________________________ 6. Наполеђн _____________________________ 2-7 . ТeхЌс _____________________________ 8. тЎннис _____________________________ 13. Брѓклин _____________________________ 12. атЌка _____________________________ 2. журнЌл _____________________________ 17.

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