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Evolution Series

User Manual
Operation

B4065 Rev. F

This manual is the property of Nera Networks AS. No parts of the manual may be copied, rewritten or distributed to third parties without the
written permission from Nera Networks AS.
In addition to the WEB edition
the manual is available in
paper format
The manual is divided in 5 main parts:

General This part gives a general overview of the Evolution Series equipment

Installation Gives the details on how to install the equipment

Operation Describes how to operate the system with emphasis on the Evolution Series Manager

Maintenance Gives details on maintenance of the equipment

Appendices A collection of frequency plans, alarm lists, technical specifications etc.


Table of Contents

General Maintenance

Installation Appendices

Operation
Evolution Manager
General Description Click on the to expand
Graphical User Interface the menu
Configuration
Unit Housekeeping Home
Frequency setting
IP setting
IP configuration via USB
DCC setting
Password change
Add new user

Feature Description
Menu Details
Home
Configuration
SU Config.
RIU Config.
FAN Config.
LIU Config.
LIU 12xE1 Config.
LIU 25xE1 Config.
LIU 8xT1 Config.
LIU 16xT1 Config.
LIU 3xDS3/E3 Config.
Gigabit Eth Config.
DXC Config.
EOW Config.
64kb/s Config.
Alm & Ctrl Config.
E1/T1 Wayside Config.
Mother Board
ODU
Fault
Performance
Security
Evolution Manager
General Description
The Evolution Manager is a web interface of the Network Element. It is used for configuration, testing and monitoring of the Network
Element. The Evolution Manager can be accessed from a web browser, or by means of a network element management system,
such as “NetMaster”.
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
A schematic view of the GUI is shown in the figure below:

The Evolution Manager has two main navigation elements, the top menu and the equipment view. The content frame will display
information as a result of the selections in both menus. This allows for filtering the information in the content frame, by selecting a
specific unit in the equipment view. The Evolution Manager has two navigation modes:
“Network Element”:
When no units are selected in the equipment view, selections in the top menu will cause information relevant to the Network
Element as a whole to be displayed in the content frame. The navigation status will read “Network Element”, and the Evolution
Manager is said to be in “Network Element” mode.

“Individual Unit”:
In contrast, when a specific unit has been selected in the equipment view, selections in the top menu will cause information only
relevant to the selected unit to be displayed in the content frame. This mode is called “Individual Unit” mode, and the navigation
status will reflect this by displaying the name of the selected unit.

In order to break out of “Individual Unit” mode, the “Home” menu option must be selected from the top menu. This brings the
Evolution Manager back to “Network Element” mode, and this will be reflected in the navigation status.
Configuration
Unit Housekeeping
Whenever changes to the hardware configuration is to be made, the Unit Housekeeping wizard must be run. (E.g. new Interface Units, or a plug-in unit is
placed in a new slot in the IFU) .

To start the Unit Housekeeping Wizard; Click on Configuration and then Housekeeping. By clicking the same sequence on the figure below, a Unit
Housekeeping tutorial will start.
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 1 of 5 - Station Configuration

1. Type Station Name and Terminal Name

2. Select the System Type. The System Type is


determined by the license documents

3. Select Transmission Standard


Options; ETSI, ANSI or No
standard

4. Antenna Directions
Possible values;
1 or 2

5. Click Next to
proceed

Click on the "Next" or "Previous" etc. buttons to navigate in the Housekeeping wizard tutorial.
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 2 of 5 - Antenna Configuration

1. Type the Direction Name. Note! If there are


more than one Antenna direction, the
configuration on this page must be performed
for each direction, by clicking "Next"

2. Select Transmission
Standard and Capacity
according to

2. Select Number of
Regular channels

3. Select the desired


type of Radio
Protection

4. Click Next to proceed


or Previous to go
back to previous page
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 3 of 5 - IFU Frame Configuration

1. Select Subrack Type. Options: Standalone IFU

Select IFU Frame Number.


If there are more than one IFU Frame in the
subrack, the configuration on this page must be
performed on each separately, by clicking "Next"
button. IFU Frame Number 1 is the lowest in the
subrack.

2. Check this box if a Direct Cross Connect Unit


shall be used.

3. When the XPIC checkbox is checked, the radios


connected to the current IFU Frame are
configured in XPIC mode.
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 4 of 5 - Interface Configuration

1. If all Interface Units in the current IFU Frame


are of the same type or there is only one
Interface Unit, the Interface Unit can be
picked from the list.

2. If there are Interface Units of different type in


the current IFU Frame; click on the "Config
Indv. Interface" button. Otherwise click "Next"
or "Previous" to go back to previous page.
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 4 of 5 - Individual Interface Configuration

1. Click on the slot to be configured.


Configurable slots in blue frames.

2. Select an Interface Unit from the List

Select the Antenna Direction (if more


than one option) and Channel number.

Click on the "Add To List" button and


the configured slot will appear in the
list of Configured Interface Slots.

3. To reconfigure a slot; check


the actual checkbox and click
the "Remove" button.

4. Click OK to accept or
Cancel to leave the current
page without changes
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 5 of 5 - Auxiliary Interface Configuration

1. Click on the slot to be configured.


Configurable slots in blue frames.

2. Select an Interface Unit from the List

Click on the "Add To List" button and


the configured slot will appear in the
list of Configured Auxiliary Interface
Slots.

3. To reconfigure a slot; check


the actual checkbox and click
the "Remove" button.

4. Click Previous to go back to


the Interface Configuration
page or Finish to exit the
Housekeeping wizard
Frequency setting
To enter the frequency setting page; Click on Configuration and then Frequency. Click the same sequence on the figure below to view the frequency
setup page description.

1. Select correct frequency plan


from the list. All available
frequency plans will be listed.
Note! This action can not be
performed if the radio is
disconnected from the IFU.
"Manual Channel Setting" can
be selected as an option.

2. Select correct bandwidth from the


list. Available options are listed.

3. Select Tx or Rx frequency from the list


(the corresponding Rx or Txfrequency will
automatically beselected. This action must
be performed on all channels.

If "Manual Channel Setting" is


selected in step 1, the Tx and Rx
4. Click "Set" to accept frequencies can be typed in
the changes. manually.

Return to Configuration main page by clicking the "Set" button.


IP setting
To enter the IP setting; Click on Configuration and then Network. Click the same sequence on the figure below to view the IP confiuration page
description.

Note! IP configuration can also be perforned using the SU USB interface.

1. Make sure that the "eth0"


option is selected.
(The "DIR0@1" option is
used for DCC
communication setting)

2. Enter the new IP address, Subnet


Mask and Gateway, according to
the local area network plan and
configuration.
Note! The connected PC must be
within the same Subnet Mask,
otherwise the connection with the
3. Click "Set" to accept the network element will be lost when
changes. the "Set" button is clicked.

Return to Configuration main page by clicking the "Set" button.


IP Configuration via USB
Hyperterminal is used for connection between the PC USB port and the SU. An USB cable with an USB B plug (for connection to the SU)
in one end and an USB A plug (PC side) in the other end.

Install drivers
● Connect the USB cable to PC and SU
● The following picture appears
● Select "No, not this time"
● Click "Next"
● Select "Install from a list or specific location (Advanced)"
● Browse to the "USB_drivers" folder on the "Evolution Series Manual" CD
● Click "OK"
● Click "Next"
● Select "No, do not connect to the Internet now"
● Click "Next"
● Click "Continue Anyway"
● Click "Finish"

HyperTerminal set-up
● Start HyperTerminal from "Start" button as shown below
● Click "Yes"
● The options in this dialogue box are not relevant. Click "OK"
● The options in this dialogue box are not relevant. Click "OK"
● Type in the name for the connection e.g. "Evolution" and select an optional icon
● Select the COM port assosiated with the IFU
● Select options as described above
● Click "OK"
● Hit the "Enter" key on the keyboard
● Log on using User name and password (default User: "admin", Password: "admin")
IP Configuration
The following parameters can be red or set:

● ipconfig
● iprange
● iprangeset
● reloadtask
● reset

To view current ipconfig, type ipconfig and hit the "Enter" key on the keyboard.
Type help and hit the "Enter" key on the keyboard to learn about the available commands.
Set up of IP radio port (DCC channel)
To enter the DCC configuration; Click on Configuration and then Network. Click the same sequence on the figure below to view the DCC configuration
page description. For more information see "Management Traffic Routing."

1. Select the "DIR0@#"


option.
Where "#" determins the
RIU number.

2. Check the "Enable" box and


type inn the IP address.

3. Click "Set" to accept the


changes.
Password change
To enter the Password setting; Click on Security. Click security on the figure below to view the Change Password page description.

Step1

Click on the "Change


Password" Tab.
Step2

1. Enter the current password.

2. Enter the new password.


(See details below)

3. Confirm the new password.

4. Accept the new


password by clicking
the save button.

Password Length: 8-32 characters (alphanumeric)

Possible characters: A-Z, a-z, 0-9 (case sensitive)

Warning! When admin password is changed from default (admin); it is not possible for Nera Networks to revert to the old password or
provide a new one.
Add new user
To enter the Add New User page; Click on Security. Click security on the figure below to view the Add User page description.

Step1

Click "Add User" to


proceed
Step2

1. Type in the new "User


Name", "Password" and
re-type the selected
password.

(See details below)

2. Select "Privilege"
Alternatives: Passive,
Active, Master, Admin.
(See details below)

3. Accept the new Select "Status"


password by clicking Alternatives: Permanent
the save button. User, Temporary User.
If Temporary User is
selected;
Select Active perriod.
Alternatives: 1 to 100 days.
Feature Description
A wide range of configuration, tests and system monitoring can be performed by means of the Evolution Manager. The screenshots shown in this chapter and the navigation is the same as in the
Evolution Manager program, for a certain equipment configuration. The screenshots in the Evolution Manager will change dynamically with the actual equipment configuration and may differ
from this example on certain sub-menus.
Note! This is only a tutorial and no parameters can be set from this manual. The alarms and system configuration details are fictive and not related to a "live" system.

Menu Details
A brief description of the functionallity is shown when the cursor is placed over the menue items or the IFU Frame Plug-in units (including Mother board), in the screenshot below.

Click on a menue item or IFU Plug-in unit, to get a detailed description of the specific item.
Note! The Mother board is accessed by clicking the yellow bar on the IFU lower part or the grey bar on the top.
Configuration
In the Configuration menu the system can be configured according to user preferences and license parameters.
Click on the sub-menues to explore the functionality.

For configuration of Plug-in units and ODU, click on the Radio/IFU picture on the screenshot.
Note! The Mother board is accessed by clicking the yellow bar on the IFU lower part or the grey bar on the top.
Housekeeping Wizard Step 1
The Housekeeping wizard must be run initially when the system is set up for the first time and if the hardware configuration has been changed.
Note! click the Next, Previous.. etc buttons to navigate in this tutorial.
Housekeeping Wizard Step 2
Housekeeping Wizard Step 3

Activation of ATPC
Housekeeping Wizard Step 4
Housekeeping Wizard Step 4 individual Interface
Housekeeping Wizard Step 5
Radio Protection Switching
Radio Protection Switching (RPS) operations for N+1and Hot Stand-by systems are managed by the Supervisory Unit This RPS module interacts with other system
hardware resources to achieve automatic protection switch operations based on switch criteria inputs from the individual radio channels. This module also supports manually
controlled switch operations and status reporting.
Hot Standby configurated systems (See screenshot below this for Freq. Div systems)
Switch Section (Hot Stby)
Hot Standby system configurations implement local equipment protection within the network element (radio station). A protection switch section is then comprised of the
duplicated transmit- and receive-equipment required to serve one antenna. This switch section is monitored and controlled by a single RPS module. The two equipment
paths are identified as Ch. 1 and Ch. 2. The protection switch state is either "Ch. 1 active" or "Ch. 2 active". Each traffic direction (transmit and receive) has its own set of
switch criteria. The system may be set up as "Unidirectional" (radio transmit switch and baseband receive switch operates completely independent of one another) or "Bi-
directional" (radio transmit switch will follow the baseband receive switch if there is no conflicting criteria, and vice versa).

Bi-directional
Bi-directional means that assertion of a criterion in one or the other of the two traffic directions will cause the affected channel to be switched to standby mode for both of its
traffic directions. Restoring it to its working mode will not be permitted until the active criteria for both directions are cleared.

Uni-directional
Uni-directional means that the two traffic directions for a switching section are controlled individually and independent of each other (treated as two independent switch
sections).

Typical 1+1 HSB switch scenario (bidirectional)

If Tx criteria are activated the RPS controls the mute/unmute functions on the two transceivers accordingly. The RPS is to protect the Rx direction for that same
channel, as long as the channel is free of errors.
If the RPS detects an Rx criterion, it shall protect the associated channel, and revert back to bidirectional mode when th Rx criterion disappears. Switch on Tx side will
not be performed.
If there are active Rx criteria on both Rx channels the most severe criterion is to be acknowledged. This means that the automatic HSB switch actually operates in
unidirectional mode as long as conflicting criteria are active. When there are no longer conflicts between Tx and Rx criteria the switch state should be changed to
bidirectional

Typical 1+1 HSB switch scenario (unidirectional)

The RPS controls the Rx switch based on Rx criteria information as for a 1+1 FD automatic switch.
If Tx criteria is activated the RPS controls the mute/unmute functions on the two transceivers accordingly.

Manual Requests
The responsibility of the manual switch function is to set the requested worker channel in standby state in both traffic directions by sending mute/unmute commands to the
tranceivers and performing an Rx switch

Hot Standby with Dual Baseband


Regarding protection on Rx side there is one exception to the description above:
If the "HSB – Dual Baseband" option for HSB systems is specified, the RPS will refrain from doing any Rx switching. In this case the external equipment (mux) will duplicate
the line traffic input onto two input ports, and the RR equipment will duplicate the RF signal onto two Rx branches (receiver-demodulator-baseband) and make both data
streams available on the two output ports. The RPS will only switch on the Tx side.
Function Button: Set Setting of Switch Section parameters

Pull down Menus: Traffic Direction Dependency Alternatives: UNIDIR, BIDIR

Switch Limit Alternatives: LOWRF (Low transmitter output level)


EW (Early Warning)
LBER (Low Bit Error Rate)
HBER (High Bit Error Rate)
OOS (Sync Loss)
RXINPUT (Low receiver input Level)
Switching (Hot Stby)
This menu page is used for selecting between manual and automatic switching.

Manual switch/restore requests are considered local to the station and, for a given antenna direction, involves transceiver RF switch for Tx and baseband alignment switch
for Rx. This operation is implemented as a bidirectional locked switch.
Function Button: Switch Switch channel

Auto Switching set to Auto

Pull down Menu: Active Channel Choose channel to carry traffic. Alternatives: 1, 2
Switch Section Status (Hot Stby)
Displays the Switch Section status.
Function Buttons: Get Get Switch Section Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence


Switch Channel Status (Hot Stby)
Displays the Switch Channel status.
Function Buttons: Get Get Switch Channel Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence


Frequency Diversity configurated systems
Switch Section (Freq. Div.)
1+1 FD protection switching
An automatic switch procedure is initiated on the receive side based on a set of switch criteria acquired from the hardware resources.

Aligned switching will be performed if possible.The active channel which is to be protected, is polled for data alignment status. When the data stream from the protector
demodulator is aligned with the data stream from the active channel demodulator, an errorless switchover is performed.

In case the alignment process fails, a forced switchover may be performed dependent upon active criteria and configuration settings for the RPS system (if a continuity
criterion is active initially the RPS will not check for alignment but immediately select the forced switchover option)

When the criteria for protecting the channel are no longer active the channel will be restored if the RPS is set to revertive mode.
Function Button: Set Setting of Switch Section parameters

Pull down Menus: Protection Alternatives: Enabled, Disabled

Switch mode Alternatives: Revertive mode


An active channel set to standby will be restored upon
deassertion of all criteria This should be the default mode of
operation .

Non-Revertive mode
An active channel set to standby will continue to be in standby
mode even if all criteria are deasserted, until another active
channel needs protection or the protecting channel becomes
degraded, in which case a restore operation is performed.
Switch Channel (Freq. Div.)
Function Button: Set Set Switch Channel

Check Boxes: Ch. 1

Ch. P
Manual Switch (Freq. Div.)
Manual switch/restore allows a channel to be switched to the protection channel.

Function Button: Restore


Pull down Menu: Channel Number to Protect Choose channel to protect. Alternatives: 1, P
If "P" is selected means that the protected channel is reverted to its regular state
unless the degradation is at or above the level defined by "No Lock Revert Limit"
Alignment Alternatives:
Aligned
Checks that the signal from protection channel is aligned with the signal from the
regular channel before the switch operation is performed. If no alignment is
achieved within a certain period of time, the switch operation is aborted.
Forced
Performs an immediate switch operation (no alignment)
Switch Type
Alternatives
Nolock
The switch operation will only be executed if no other channels are degraded to the
level defined by "No Lock Revert Limit". If another channel's degradation reaches
this level later, the manual operation is suspended and the channel is restored to
its regular state. The manual request will be reactivated when no other channels
are degraded to this level.
Lock
All automatic switch criteria is overridden by this manual request, and the manually
switched channel will not be reverted by any event other than a manual restore
request.
No Lock Revert Limit
Revert limit for a manually switched channel. Only applicable if "Switch Type" is
Nolock.
Alternatives: LOWRF, EW, LBER, HBER, OOS, RXINPUT
Switch Section Status (Freq. Div.)
Displays the Switch Section status.

Function Buttons: Get Get Switch Section Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continu until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence


Switch Channel Status (Freq. Div.)
Displays the Switch Channel status.

Function Buttons: Get Get Switch Channel Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continu until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence


Frequency
Note! Setting of frequency requires connection to ODU.

The Frequency page displays the frequency settings for all transceiver units in the same antenna direction.

To change the frequencies:


1 Select a frequency plan from the combo box. "Manual Channel Setting" can also be selected as an option.
2 Select bandwidth from the combo box.
3 For each channel, select frequencies:

3.1 Select a Tx frequency from the combo box. The corresponding Rx channel will automatically be selected. Or;
3.2 Select an Rx frequency from the combo box. The corresponding Tx channel will automatically be selected.
Note! If "Manual Channel Setting" is selected in step 1, the Tx and Rx frequencies have to be typed in manually.

4 Click the "Set" button to set the new frequencies


Function Buttons: Set Accept changes

Pull-down menu settings Selected plan Select the correct Frequency plan

Bandwidth Select the correct Bandwidth

Tx (MHz) Select Transmit frequency

Rx (MHz) Select Receive frequency


Backup
The Backup page is divided in 3 sub-pages: Miscellaneous, Download and Replace SU.
The Miscellaneous page contains the "Backup", "Restore" and "Upload" functions.
The Download page contains the "Download" Function.
The Replace SU page contains the "Replace SU Config Download" Function.

Description:
Backup Makes a backup file of the SU configuration and stores this locally on the Network Element.

Tip! It is recommended to take a backup when the system has been configured.
Restore Restores the SU configuration from a backup file stored locally on the Network Element
Upload Makes a backup file of the SU configuration and stores the file on your Personal computer or PC server.
Download Downloads a backup file to the SU from your Personal computer or PC server.
Replace SU This function does the same operation as "Download". In addition a general time-limited license file is activated. This
function is used if the SU is physically replaced. In this case a new license file must be installed before the preliminary
licence file expires.

Click on the page tabs to explore the individual functionality.


Miscellanous

Function Buttons: Upload Upload the configuration from the NE to your local computer as a safety copy

Backup Make a backup file (locally on the NE) of the current configuration.

Restore Restore the configuration from a previously generated backup file


Download

Function Buttons: Browse Browse your local computer for a configuration file to download to the NE

Download Download the selected configuration file to the NE


Replace SU
This function is used when a faulty SU is physically replaced by a new SU. The configuration must have been uploaded from the replaced SU, using the configuration
upload feature under the Miscellaneous tab.

The configuration from the replaced SU will be downloaded to the new SU. In addition the licenses from the replaced SU will be temporary enabled for a maximum period of
90 days in addition to any existing licenses on the new SU. These temporary licenses can be used while ordering new license keys from Nera.
Function Buttons: Browse Browse your local computer for a configuration file to download to the NE

Download Downloads the selected configuration file to the NE and replaces the current NE configuration file
Software
The Software page is divided in 2 sub-pages: SU SW Versions and SW Download. Click on the page tabs to explore the individual functionality.
SU Software Versions
When new software is downloaded to the element it will initially be set in inactive state (Active no).
Click the "Switch software" button to swap the Software Package. The system will perform a warm start when software is swapped.
Note! If only one software package is present on the Network Element, only one table will be visible in "Overview" in the screenshot above.

Function Buttons: Switch Software Swap between the two available software packages.

Reset Software Performs a warm reset of the NE software

Note! Bit error may occur when software packages are switched.

Note! It is recommended that you clear the file cache in your web browser after a software switch. The reason for this is to make sure that the browser receives the
correct files.

Complete state
If all the required files are present and the checksum is OK, the software package is in Complete state.
Compatible state
Each software package contain a list of hardware compatibility requirements. This consists of a list of hardware modules with an accompanying version range. If all the
detected modules in the system are found in this list, and their versions fall within the specified ranges, the software package is compatible.
Software Download
A software release generally consists of several ".tar" files. When a new software version is downloaded to the NE, it is recommended to start with the ".tar" file with the
lowest number (e.g. "SW-EVOULUTION-APP-R1A00_1.tar" and then "SW-EVOULUTION-APP-R1A00_2.tar" etc). Follow the instructions on the screen.
If there is an inactive software package on the NE already, this software package will be overwritten.
Dependent on the system configuration it is not always necessary to download all ".tar" files in the actual software release. After downloading the first file, you will be
prompted for the next file to download, if required. When all required files are downloaded, the following message will be displayed:

The software was downloaded successfully and is now in complete state.

The downloaded software is still inactive. Activation of new software is performed from the "SU SW Versions" page.

Function Buttons: Browse Browse your local computer for "Tar" files to download to the NE

Download Downloads the selected "Tar" file and builds software hierarchy on the NE
Element
The Element page is divided in 6 sub-pages: Licenses, Time and SNTP, SNMP, Web and Unconfigured Boards. Click on the page tabs to explore the individual
functionality.
Licenses
A traffic license may be required to enable traffic on the equipment.
A Network Element can have several licenses installed, enabling different functions, such as transmission capacity, ethernet traffic and ethernet wayside traffic.
For transmission capacities below 80 Mb/s, no license is required.
The License Key is a 40 character alpha numeric string.

Available license types:


EVLIC-150M 150 Mbit/s transmission capacity, per ODU

EVLIC-100M 100 Mbit/s transmission capacity, per ODU

EVLIC-80M 80 Mbit/s transmission capacity, per ODU

EVLIC-ETHERMAP Fast Ethernet traffic via SU port (currently only


available in combination with EVLIC-150M
license)
EVLIC-METRO-XPIC
XPIC license is required to enable XPIC filtering
when two ODUs are operating in Co-channel
Mode. One license pr. ODU pair.
Input field: License Key Type in the License Key

Function Button: Apply Apply License Key


Time and SNTP
A real-time clock is used by the NE to set timestamps on alarm and security events. This clock is also used for managing the collection and calculation of performance
measurements.

The system also provides SNTP functionality for syncronization of all clocks in the network. This function requires an SNTP server, either locally or on the internet (requires
internet connection).

This screenshot shows the Time and SNTP page with SNTP not selected.
Function Buttons: Time Status Get Get Time Status

SNTP Configuration Set Click this button when the SNTP button has been unchecked, for returning to
"Manual time setting"

Manual time setting Set Set time

Synchronize with computer Synchronizes the NE time setting with the local computer clock

Check Box: SNTP enabled Open SNTP setup

Pull down Menus: Manual Time Setting Date: yyyy-mm-dd


Time: hh:mm:ss

This screenshot shows the Time and SNTP page with SNTP selected.
Function Buttons: Time Status Get Get Time Status

SNTP ConfigurationSet Setting of SNTP parameters

Check Box: SNTP enabled Enables SNTP when the "Set" button is pushed. The SNTP IP address must be
entered

Input Field: SNTP Server's IP-address Input the IP address to the SNTP server

Pull down Menus: Threshold-level for stratum alarm The stratum level indicates the accuracy of the SNTP server clock. Highest
accuracy is level 1.
Alternatives: 1 to 15. Default value 2.

Tip! If stratum alarm occurs frequently, the threshold-level should be set


to lower accuracy (higher number). This will not influence the equipment
performance.

Determins the intervals between each clock update.


Poll Interval (seconds)
Alternatives: 64 to 1024.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is an application layer protocol that facilitates the exchange of management information between network devices. SNMP
enables network administrators to manage network performance and find and solve network problems.
SNMP is a simple request/response protocol. The network-management system issues a request, and managed devices return responses.

Definitions
Community Strings
Private Assigns a password for read only queries

Public Assigns a password for read/write queries

SNMP Traps
IP Address The IP address to the SNMP server

Trap Community String Either the Private or Public Community String Password

Trap Port The port number to send the SNMP trap to

Function Buttons: Set Set Community Strings

Add Add Trap


WEB
Function Button: Set Accept the changes

Check Boxes: Global Polling System wide status poll. Enable/Disable background status polling for all web pages
containing status information. You have the opportunity to override this setting. The
overridden setting will only occur in the page where you override the settings and
only last as long as the page is active. Default : OFF

Alarm Polling System wide alarm poll setting. Will display the highest alarm severity in the system,
on the bottom of the page. Default: OFF

Housekeeping Polling System wide configuration polling. Will give notification if the system configuration
has been changed. Default: OFF

Note! Poll settings are not persistent across sessions, i.e. when the browser window is closed the poll settings will go back to their defaults.
Unconfigured Boards
A list of any unconfigured boards and units.
Men At Work

Function Button: RAISE/CLEAR Toggle "Men at Work" alarm in event log


Routing
The Routing page is divided in 7 sub-pages: General Settings, Active Routes, Static Routes, Software, Element, Routing and Network. Click on the page tabs to
explore the individual functionality.
General Settings
The general settings page allows the user to control the general use of the OSPF and RIP 1 and 2 protocols for the NE. Enabling of protocols on specific interfaces are performed in the Rip Interfaces and OSPF Interfaces property pages.

Function Button: Set Accept the changes


Check Boxes: OSPF Protocol Enable Enable or disable the OSPF routing protocol

Redistribute Configuration of route redistribution from other protocols to OSPF as AS external routes. Enabling any of these will turn the
router into an Autonomous System Border Router (ASBR)

Controls redistribution of routes from RIP to OSPF.


Rip
Controls redistribution of static routes to OSPF
Static
Enable or disable the RIP routing protocol.
RIP Protocol Enable
Configuration of route redistribution from other protocols to RIP.
Redistribute
Controls redistribution of routes from OSPF to RIP.
OSPF
Controls redistribution of static routes to RIP.
Static

Input Fields: OSPF Protocol Default Cost Setting of default cost value used for OSPF protocol.
The "Redistribute" options allow the OSPF protocol to pass the routing
information of other routing protocols.
For information to be passed between the OSPF and RIP protocols, the current
NE must have both protocols enabled.

RIP Protocol Default Metric Setting of default metric value used for RIP protocol.
The "Redistribute" options allow the RIP protocol to pass the routing information of
other routing protocols.
For information to be passed between the OSPF and RIP protocols, the current
NE must have both protocols enabled.

List: IP Configurable Interfaces List of interfaces available on the current NE for the OSPF and RIP protocols (IP
enabled interfaces)
Interfaces may be enabled for IP in the Communication Ports page for the specific
interface (e.g. NI interface on Metro).
Active Routes
This is a list of currently active routes in the routing table. These are the routes that IP forwarding is based on. Inactive routes are not shown.

Destination: The destination of the route.


Gateway: The gateway of the route.
Subnet mask: The subnet mask of the route.
Interface: The name of the interface associated with this route.
Protocol: The protocol that this route was learnt from.
Static Routes
Edit static routes regarding IP Routing using this page.
Function Button: Add Add a static route

Delete Delete selected static route

Set Apply the setting

Cancel Discard changes

Pull Down Menus: Interface Gateway interface if specified. Default “Any” interface

Metric The route metric. Possible values: 0-15

Input Fields: Destination Route destination in “x.x.x.x” notation


Note! The IP address must be valid for the given subnet mask.

Gateway Route gateway in “x.x.x.x” notation if needed. Note! Gateway must be present if interface is set to
“Any”.

Subnet mask Route subnet mask in “x.x.x.x” notation


Note! The subnet mask must be continuous.
RIP Interfaces
This configures which interfaces to run RIP on and the parameters used for each interface.
Note! In order to edit the "RIP areas" settings, the RIP protocol must be disabled in the General Settings page.
Function Button: Add Add an Interface to run RIP on

Edit Change configuration for an interface running RIP

Delete Remove RIP configuration form an interface

Set Apply the setting

Cancel Discard changes

Pull Down Menus: Interface The name of the interface being configured. Select between the alternatives: Io#, eth#, DIR0@#

Metric The metric associated with the interface. Possible values: 0-16

RIP Version The version of RIP to run on an interface. (RIP v. 1 or RIP v. 2). Alternatives: 1, 2
Note! When running RIP v.1 on an interface, limitations in the RIP v.1 protocol will restrict which routes
may be announced through this interface
OSPF Interfaces
This configures which interfaces to run OSPF on and the parameters used for each interface.
Note! In order to edit the ‘OSPF areas’ settings, the OSPF protocol must be disabled in the General Settings page.
Function Button: Add Add an Interface to run OSPF on

Edit Change configuration for an interface running OSPF

Delete Remove OSFP configuration form an interface

Set Apply the setting

Cancel Discard changes

Pull Down Menus: Interface Id The name of the interface being configured. Select between the alternatives: Io#, eth#, DIR0@#

Area The ID of the area associated with this interface

Input Fields: Cost The associated cost of this interface

Transmit delay The estimated transmit delay through this interface in seconds
- Default value is 1 second.
- Possible values: 1 - 65535.

Designated Router Priority Indicates the current NE’s reliability as a designated router (DR).
Higher values = higher reliability.
- 0 = cannot be DR.
- Possible values: 0 - 255.

Retransmit Interval

Hello Interval The interval between OSPF hello packets on this interface.

Router Dead Interval The time before declaring a link down in the absence of hello packets
OSPF Areas
This configures OSPF areas for this router.
Note! In order to edit the ‘OSPF areas’ settings, the OSPF protocol must be disabled in the General Settings page.
Function Buttons
OSPF Areas: Add Add an OSPF area

Edit Change configuration for an OSPF area

Delete Remove OSFP area configuration

Networks Add Add Network

Add/Edit OSPF area Set Apply the setting

Cancel Discard changes

Input Fields: Area Id The ID of the area. Either in “x.x.x.x” notation or plain number

Stub Area Configures this area as “stub area”

Default Cost Sets the default cost for this area. Possible values: 0-65535
Virtual Links
This configures OSPF virtual links for this router.
Function Buttons: Add Add a OSPF virtual link

Edit Change configuration for an OSPF virtual link

Delete Remove OSFP virtual link configuration

Set Apply the setting

Cancel Discard changes

Pull Down Menus: Transit area The ID of the area to use as transit area for the link

State Not in use

Input Field: Router Id The ID of the backbone router on the other end of the link
Network
Setting of Interface IP address

Function Buttons: Set Accept changes

Menu choises eth0 Setting of IP address for Network Element

DIR0@1 Setting of IP address for DCC channel.


The DCC channel has a capacity of 256kb/s and is used for communication betwwen
elements over the radio hop.
OH Channels
This page gives an overview of the OverHead Connection status. Both SOH/TOH bytes (METRO) and NOH channels are listed.

Function Button: Apply Filter Filter list according to selections.

Pull Down Menus Physical Position Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Position Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Overhead SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) or NOH channels


Mother Board
Set up and configuration of the Mother Board. Click on the different sub pages for more information. The configuration options for the Mother Board are dependent on the
system configuration, i.e. METRO and XPAND configuration pages will have different sub-menus.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the Mother Board highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the Mother Board are
displayed.

METRO
XPAND
Mother Board METRO, Inventory
List of Mother Board Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
Mother Board METRO, Path Trace
The Path Trace functionality and the AIS (Alarm Indicator Signal) functionality are used to test that the received STM-1 frames are the frames we want to receive (correct routing,
frequency alignment. . . . ). This is done by either inserting a fixed byte or a user defined ASCII string in the J0 slot in the RSOH (Send). The radio that receives the STM-1 frames
must have the same Trace string (J0) defined. If there is a mismatch, an AIS can be inserted. An AIS can also be inserted if the HBER threshold is exceeded.
Check Boxes: Enable send Enable send Trace string

Enable receive Enable Receive Trace string

Function Buttons: Set (Send) Set Path Trace signal to send

Set (Receive) Set Path Trace signal expected to receive

Get Get Status

Start Polling Start polling Status


Stop Polling Stop polling Status

Input Fields: Send Trace string User defined ASCII string max. 15 characters

Receive Expected User defined ASCII string max. 15 characters


Mother Board METRO, AIS
The Path Trace functionality and the AIS (Alarm Indicator Signal) functionality are used to verify that the received STM-1 frames are the frames we want to receive (correct
routing, frequency alignment. . . . ). This is done by either inserting a fixed byte or a user defined ASCII string in the J0 slot in the RSOH. This is done from the Path Trace sheet.
The radio that receives the STM-1 frames must have the same Trace string (J0). If there is a mismatch, an AIS can be inserted. An AIS can also be inserted if the HBER
threshold is exceeded.
Check Boxes: Insert AIS on Trace Identifier Mismatch (TIM) When this box is checked, an Alarm Indicating Signal is
inserted when there is a mismatch between the Path Trace
string or fixed byte sent and the expected Receive signal

Remove Delay Enabled Remove AIS delay

Pull Down Menu: AIS remove delay (in sec) Setting of AIS remove dela: 0-300 seconds

Function Button: Set Set AIS parameters


Mother Board METRO, Analogues
This page gives the status of the IFU Basic Frame voltage levels.
Mother Board METRO, IFUTest
By clicking the TEST buttons on the screenshot below, direct access to the Looping /PRBS pages on the LIU and RIU units is available. By clicking the corresponding "looping
arrows", loops can be set for testing purposes.

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of Time Out Value for IFU Test
Function Button: Arrow Setting of loop

TEST Link to Looping /PRBS pages on the LIU and RIU units

LIU Looping
LIU PRBS
RIU Looping
Mother Board XPAND, Inventory
List of Mother Board Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
Mother Board XPAND, IFU Test
By clicking the TEST buttons on the screenshot below, direct access to the Looping /PRBS pages on the "E1/T1" and RIU units is available. By clicking the corresponding
"looping arrows", loops can be set for testing purposes.

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of Time Out Value for IFU Test
Function Button: Arrow Setting of loop

TEST Link to Looping /PRBS pages on the "E1/T1" and RIU units

LIU 25XE1 Looping


LIU 25XE1 PRBS
RIU Looping
Mother Board XPAND, Cross-Connect
The Motherboard has a built-in cross connect with 4 ports. The Cross-connect allows the operator to interconnect traffic on these ports.
The connections are identified by using the background colour of the ports together with the address of the virtual container. The background colour of a virtual container
identifies the source port, while the address identifies the source address.

SNCP functionality is identified with a split cell.

When configuring the cross-connection of virtual containers, three modes are available, cross-connection of two channels, cross-connection with SNCP (Path protection) and
cross connection of Ethernet. SNCP can be activated for each individual virtual container separately.

1. Cross-connection without SNCP: Select the source virtual container by clicking inside the square for that container. A range of virtual containers can be selected by click
and drag. Push the Connect button and then select the sink virtual container by clicking inside the square for that container. Verify the correct cross-connection before pushing
the Set button to apply the setting to the Unit. Disconnecting of a connection is done by selecting either of the two virtual containers in a connection and push the Disconnect
button and the Set button.

2. Cross-connection with SNCP: Select the Sink virtual container(s) for the SNCP connection. Click the SNCP Connect button. Select the first source virtual container by
clicking inside square for that container. Then select the second source virtual container by clicking inside the square for that container. Press the Connect button. Verify the
correct SNCP cross-connection before pushing the Set button, to apply the setting to the Unit. Disconnecting of a connection is done selecting any of the three virtual
containers in a connection and push Disconnect button and Set button.

3. Cross-connection Ethernet: Select the source virtual container by clicking inside the square for that container. A range of virtual containers can be selected by clicking the
first and then the last virtual container in the range. Click the Connect Ethernet button and then click on any virtual container in the target RIU. The SU Ethernet virtual
containers will occupy the virtual containers with the highest address numbers in the RIU. It is therefore important that these virtual containers are free before attempting to
connect Ethernet. Verify the correct cross-connection before pushing the Set button to apply the setting to the Unit. Disconnecting of the Ethernet connection is done by
pushing "Disconnect Ethernet" button and Set button.

Note: The configuration is not applied to the unit before the Set button is pushed. Several cross-connections and SNCP connections can be configured before the Set button is
pushed.
Function Button: Connect Select the channels to be connected. Press this button. Then select the target
channel.
SNCP Connect
Select the Sink Channel(s). Press this button. Select the first SNCP channel. Then
select the second SNCP Channel.
Disconnect
Select a channel which already has an established connection. Press this button to
remove the connection.
Connect Ethernet
Select a range of Ethernet channels. Push this button. Click on any channel in the
target RIU.
Disconnect Ethernet
Push this button to disconnect the Ethernet connection.
Loop
Click on the channel to be looped. Press this button to activate the loop.
Disconnect Loop
Click on the active loop to be disconnected. Push this button to disconnect the loop.
Get
Get status
Set
Apply the selected connections
Mother Board XPAND, Cross-Connect Status
Overview of IFU XPAND Cross-Connect Status.
Gray coloured virtual containers: signal ok
Yellow coloured virtual containers: Payload mismatch
Red coloured virtual containers: Alarm
Function Button: Get Get Cross-Connect status

Start Polling Start polling of Cross-Connect status

Stop Polling Stop polling of Cross-Connect status


Mother Board XPAND, SNCP Status
The SNCP status is indicated by using the background colour of the active port. In the example below, the active source comes from the violet port: /ne/frame-1/slot-3/E1.

Function Button: Get Get SNCP status

Start Polling Start polling of SNCP status

Stop Polling Stop polling of SNCP status


Auxiliary Units
Available AUX Units:
Engineering Orderwire Unit (EOW)
4x64kb/s Unit
Alarm & Control Unit (ACU)
E1/T1 Wayside Unit
Engineering Orderwire Unit (EOW)
Set up and configuration of the EOW Unit. Click on the different sub page tabs for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the EOW Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance
data for the EOW Unit are displayed.
EOW, Inventory
List of EOW Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
EOW
Engineering Order Wire can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels. The NOH channels are not available when
Direction: Line (Traffic over Line Interface Unit) is selected.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of EOW connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that
the byte is selected for EOW traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.

The Service Telephone connector is inserted in Port1 on the EOW Unit.


SOH / TOH
NOH

Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of EOW traffic direction.


Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels
Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of EOW parameters

Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of EOW Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of EOW traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of EOW traffic on NOH channel 2

Input Field: Number Setting of Telephone number. Alternatives: 00 to 99


EOW, Analog Ports
Other Equipment 1 & 2:
These two balanced interfaces are meant for interconnection between similar equipment. A maximum of 3 Service Telephone Units can be connected this way. These
interfaces are not over-voltage protected and not galvanic isolated and are therefore not recommended for long lines or outdoor use.
- Port input level (dBm): Not adjustable. Nominal value: -6.0 dBm.
- Port output level (dBm): Not adjustable. Nominal value -6.0dBm.

4 Wire interface:
This is a balanced, galvanic isolated interface meant to interface various types of equipment. Input- and output- gain can be adjusted over a wide range.
- Port input level (dBm): Adjustable range: 4dBm to -10.0dBm.
- Port output level (dBm): Adjustable range: 4dBm to -10.0dBm.
Pull Down Menus: Remote (4 Wire) Port Adjustable range: 4dBm to -10.0dBm.
input level

Remote (4 Wire) Port Adjustable range: 4dBm to -10.0dBm.


output level

Function Button Set Setting of Analog Ports parameters

Check Boxes: Enable analog port Enabling of the analog ports. If the check box is unchecked, the analog ports are
disabled.
Transit other
equipment 1 to other By checking this box, the signal is through conncted between Port 2 and Port 3 on the
equipment 2 EOW Unit.
EOW, G.703 on Port 2
G.703 can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels. The NOH channels are not available when Direction: Line
(Traffic over Line Interface Unit) is selected.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that
the byte is selected for G.703 traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.


SOH / TOH
NOH

Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of G.703 traffic direction.


Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels
Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of G.703 parameters

Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of G.703 Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 2


EOW, G.703 on Port 3
G.703 can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels. The NOH channels are not available when Direction: Line
(Traffic over Line Interface Unit) is selected.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that
the byte is selected for G.703 traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.


SOH / TOH
NOH

Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of G.703 traffic direction.


Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of G.703 parameters


Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of G.703 Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 2


EOW, HDLC 1 (High-Level Data Link Control)
EOW HDLC communication utilities:
64kb/s user channel
Enables a 64kb/s communication channel between the IFUs Supervisor Unit's software and a remote site SU, enabling remote management and configuration/control.
To utilize this operation the HDLC device has to be assigned an IP address and included in the Supervisor software's IP routing table on both ends of this communication
channel, plus directed into a SOH or NOH channel towards a particular antenna direction. The IP-address assignment is done in the configuration-->network menu.
This remote management and configuration/control function is accessable through, as usual, a web-browser and the remote WEB management and configuration service.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of 64kb/s connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The byte will turn yellow indicating that
the byte is selected for 64kb/s traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.

G.703 Co-directional
The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 Co-directional connections.
Enables the HDLC device to send data between Port 3 and the SU, which provide two different functions

Terminal-server function
This function provide access to Port 3 from a telnet-connection on the Supervisory Unit. Ex. connect a PC to the SU and start the telnet application on the PC and connect to
the targets IP address and TCP port #. This will then provide some simple means to access and control other devices and units.

The TCP port # is assigned according to the following parameters:


First digit - 3
Second digit - Equal to the IFU number
Third digit - Equal to slot number -7. E.g. Upper left most slot (slot # 7) gives the digit; 7-7=0
Fourth digit - 0

Local Management connection


This is similar to the remote management connection, but the "remote" unit to manage is in the near vicinity - usually in the same room.
E.g.
Web-client <--> PC <--> IFU#1[SU <--> EOW <--> HDLC <---> Port#3] <----- Cross con cable -----> IFU#2 [Port#3 <--> HDLC <---> EOW <--> SU <--> WEB-Service <-->
configuration software <--> IFU Hardware]
SOH / TOH
NOH
G.703 Co-directional

Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of traffic direction.


Options: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was entered
under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels
Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of new parameters

Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of HDLC Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of traffic on NOH channel 2


EOW, Looping
Four different loops can be activated on the EOW Unit. One near end loop at each customer interface, G.703 (Port 2 and 3) and one
corresponding far end loop.

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the EOW Port will be broken.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
EOW, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the EOW Unit.
The EOW contains two PRBS Generators and two Checkers. Only one Generator and one Checker are active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow on the block diagram, the other will automatically
be disabled.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow on the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on this Port will be broken.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side of the EOW.
Note! A loop must be activated at the Customer interface side.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side of the EOW.
Note! A loop must be activated at the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Function Buttons: Active Generator Set Sets parameters on the active generator.

Active Checker Set Sets parameters on the active checker.

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Active Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Active Generator Pattern Setting of signal pattern. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Active Checker Pattern Setting of signal pattern. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


4x64kb/s Unit
Set up and configuration of the 64kb/s Unit. Click on the different sub page tabs for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the 64kb/s Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance
data for the 64kb/s Unit are displayed.
4x64kb/s Unit, Inventory
List of 4x64kb/s Unit Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
4x64kb/s Unit, Port 1 - G.703 Contra Directional
G.703 can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that
the byte is selected for G.703 traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.


SOH / TOH
NOH
Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of G.703 traffic direction.
Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of G.703 parameters

Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of G.703 Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 2


4x64kb/s Unit, Port 2 - G.703 Co-Directional
G.703 can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that
the byte is selected for G.703 traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.


SOH / TOH
NOH
Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of G.703 traffic direction.
Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of G.703 parameters

Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of G.703 Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 2


4x64kb/s Unit, Port 3 - G.703 Co-Directional
G.703 can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that
the byte is selected for G.703 traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.


SOH / TOH
NOH
Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of G.703 traffic direction.
Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of G.703 parameters

Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of G.703 Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 2


4x64kb/s Unit, Port 4 - V.11
V.11 can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of V.11 connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that
the byte is selected for V.11 traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.


SOH / TOH
NOH
Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of V.11 traffic direction.
Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of V.11 parameters

Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of V.11 Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of V.11 traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of V.11 traffic on NOH channel 2


4x64kb/s Unit, HDLC (High-Level Data Link Control)
64kb/s HDLC communication utilities:
64kb/s user channel
Enables a 64kb/s communication channel between the IFUs Supervisor Unit's software and a remote site SU, enabling remote management and
configuration/control.
To utilize this operation the HDLC device has to be assigned an IP address and included in the Supervisor software's IP routing table on both ends of this
communication channel, plus directed into a SOH or NOH channel towards a particular antenna direction. The IP-address assignment is done in the
configuration-->network menu.
This remote management and configuration/control function is accessable through, as usual, a web-browser and the remote WEB management and
configuration service.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of 64kb/s connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The byte will turn
yellow indicating that the byte is selected for 64kb/s traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.

G.703 Co-directional
The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 Co-directional connections.
Enables the HDLC device to send data between Port 3 and the SU, which provide two different functions

Terminal-server function
This function provide access to Port 3 from a telnet-connection on the Supervisory Unit. Ex. connect a PC to the SU and start the telnet application on the
PC and connect to the targets IP address and TCP port #. This will then provide some simple means to access and control other devices and units.

The TCP port # is assigned according to the following parameters:


First digit - 3
Second digit - Equal to the IFU number
Third digit - Equal to slot number -7. E.g. Upper left most slot (slot # 7) gives the digit; 7-7=0
Fourth digit - 0

Local Management connection


This is similar to the remote management connection, but the "remote" unit to manage is in the near vicinity - usually in the same room.
E.g.
Web-client <--> PC <--> IFU#1[SU <--> EOW <--> HDLC <---> Port#3] <----- Cross con cable -----> IFU#2 [Port#3 <--> HDLC <---> EOW <--> SU <-->
WEB-Service <--> configuration software <--> IFU Hardware]

Port 4 - V.11
The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of V.11 connections.
Enables the HDLC device to send data between Port 4 and the SU, which provide two different functions; Terminal-server function and Local
Management connection.
See G.703 Co-directional description.
SOH / TOH
NOH
G.703 Co-directional
V.11
Pull Down Menus: Clock Options: Contra Master, Co-dir or Slave

Baud Rate Options: 64kb/s or 256kb/s


Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of traffic direction.
Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of new parameters

Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of HDLC Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of traffic on NOH channel 2


4x64kb/s Unit, Looping
Eight different loops can be activated on the 4x64kb/s Unit. One near end loop for (Port 1 - 4) and one corresponding far end loop.

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the 64kb/s Port will be broken.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
4x64kb/s Unit, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the 4x64kb/s Unit.
The 4x64kb/s Unit contains two PRBS Generators and two Checkers. Only one Generator and one Checker are active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow on the block diagram, the other will
automatically be disabled.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow on the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on this Port will be broken.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side of the 4x64kb/s Unit.
Note! A loop must be activated at the Customer interface side.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side of the 4x64kb/s Unit.
Note! A loop must be activated at the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Function Buttons: Active Generator Set Sets parameters on the active generator.

Active Checker Set Sets parameters on the active checker.

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Active Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling.
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Active Generator Pattern Setting of signal pattern. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Active Checker Pattern Setting of signal pattern. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


Alarm & Control Unit (ACU)
Set up and configuration of the ACU Unit. Click on the different sub page tabs for more information.

The ACU enables supervisory of external equipment. The ACU unit enables access of external analogue inputs (7) and external alarm inputs (8) and generation of alarm/relay outputs (4).

The “Relay Config”, “Alarm Input”, “Alarm Output” and “Analogue Config” are ACU specific configuration menus.
The “Inventory” and “Analogue” menus display current information.
The “Relay Control” enables customer to operate relay outputs.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the ACU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the ACU Unit are displayed.
ACU, Inventory
List of ACU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
ACU, Alarm Input
Configuration menu for input alarm signals.
The ACU is equipped with 8 current loop connections alarm inputs each equipped with positive- and negative- input pins. The input alarms are enrolled into the supervisory system.

The ACU detects a change of input state when the following conditions are satisfied:
Interface current loop, state on: > 3.0 mA
Interface current loop, state off: < 1.0 mA

Transient protection, amplitude: < 100 V


Transient protection, duration: < 10 ms, non-repetitive

Input Alarm State configuration: The supervisory system allows the operator to set alarm state, HIGH / LOW.

Input Alarm Name configuration: Unique names can be configured to the input alarms.
Function Button: Set Set selected parameters

Pull Down Menus: Auxiliary Alarm Input Active (1-8) Alternatives: High
Low
ACU, Relay Control
The “Relay Control” menu can operate “Latched” and “Pulsed” relay outputs.

The ACU is equipped with 4 relay outputs which can be configured to Latched-, Pulsed- or Alarm Output- mode. The Alarm Output relays are controlled by the supervisory system while the Latched-
and Pulsed- relays can be operated manually.

Latched relays: The operator can switch the output state from OPEN to CLOSED or from CLOSED to OPEN.
Pulse relays: The operator can generate a pulse of a predefined length specified in the ACU, Relay Config.

Description of parameters:
ID: Refer to physical relay (hardware)
Name: Given relay name, ref. ACU, Relay Config
Mode: Configured relay mode: Latched-, Pulsed- or Alarm Out- type
Pulse: Parameter valid only for Pulsed type relays
Status: Detected status Note! Relay status is be updated when an action is performed.
Action: Manual operation valid only for Latched- and Pulsed- type relays.
ACU, Relay Config
The ACU is equipped with 4 relay output which can be setup as Latched-, Pulsed- or Alarm Out- type relays.

Latched Mode - Configuration parameters:


ID: Refer to physical relay (hardware)
Name: Changeable relay name referred to by the supervisory system.
Mode: Latched
Pulse (in 0.5s): Not Applicable
Active State: Not Applicable

Pulsed Mode - Configuration parameters:


ID: Refer to physical relay (hardware)
Name: Changeable relay name referred to by the supervisory system.
Mode: Pulsed
Pulse (in 0.5s): Configurable pulse length selected from the range of 0.5s to 62.5s
Active State: Configurable pulse state, OPEN / CLOSED

Alarm Out Mode - Configuration parameters:


ID: Refer to physical relay (hardware)
Name: Changeable relay name referred to by the supervisory system.
Mode: Alarm Out
Pulse (in 0.5s): Not Applicable
Active State: Configurable Alarm Out state, OPEN / CLOSED
ACU, Alarm Output
The ACU, Alarm Output menu enables the operator to select one or more available alarms and output their contribution onto the Alarm Out.
The Alarm Out state is configured in the ACU, Relay Config menu.

The left window displays a tree with all available alarms which can be selected and connected to the selected Alarm Out on the right window.
ACU, Analogue Config
The ACU, Analogue Config menu enables analogue input readings and by setting parameters in the formula, the value of the readings can be adjusted.

Auxiliary Analogue Input Equation: F(x) = A + Bx + Cx²+ De× + Eln(x)

Examples:
Ex.1: F(x) = -5.2; where A=-5.2, B=0, C=0, D=0, E=0
Ex.2: F(x) = x; where A=0, B=1, C=0, D=0, E=0
Ex.3: F(x) = x²; where A=0, B=0, C=1, D=0, E=0

Auxiliary Analogue Input - Configuration parameters:


ID: Refer to physical analogue input (hardware)
Interval: Refer to analogue input range defined by ACU (hardware)
Name: Changeable analogue input name referred to by the supervisory system.
A: Changeable function parameter, refer the equation
B: Changeable function parameter, refer the equation
C: Changeable function parameter, refer the equation
D: Changeable function parameter, refer the equation
E: Changeable function parameter, refer the equation
Input Fields: Name Each channel (1 to 7) can be named individually

A......E The measure range can be adapted to practical levels, by designating values, according to the
equation above the table.
ACU, Analogue
The ACU, Analogue menu displays latest analogue function based on the setup of ACU, Analogue Config menu.

Note! If the parameters, B, C, D or E, are all set to 0, the function will be set equal to A. The function will not be influenced by the analogue value (x).

Function Buttons: Get Get Analogue Input Status

Start Polling Start Analogue Input Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Analogue Input Status Polling


E1/T1 Wayside Unit
Set up and configuration of the E1/T1 Wayside Unit. Click on the different sub page tabs for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the E1/T1 Wayside Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the E1/T1
Wayside Unit are displayed.
E1/T1 Wayside Unit, Inventory
List of EOW Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
E1/T1 Wayside Unit, Port 1
Wayside traffic can be inserted in dedicated Section Overhead bytes.

Note! If one or more of the bytes used for wayside traffic are already assigned for 64kb/s channels (Engineering Orderwire or 4x64kb/s AUX Units), Wayside traffic can not
be enabled. In this case the 64kb/s channels must be reassigned to bytes not used for wayside traffic. See Engineering Orderwire Unit and 4x64kb/s Unit setup. The
bytes may also be used by SU Ethernet Wayside traffic.

E1 or T1 wayside traffic can be selected. By checking the Enable E1/T1 check box, the SOH/TOH chart is displayed. If T1 is selected, the interface cable length has to be
selected.
Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of Wayside traffic direction.
Alternatives: Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Directions that was entered
under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons Set Setting of Wayside parameters

Check Boxes: Enable E1/T1 Enabling Wayside traffic


E1/T1 Wayside Unit, Port 2
Wayside traffic can be inserted in dedicated Section Overhead bytes.

Note! If one or more of the bytes used for wayside traffic are already assigned for 64kb/s channels (Engineering Orderwire or 4x64kb/s AUX Units), Wayside traffic can not
be enabled. In this case the 64kb/s channels must be reassigned to bytes not used for wayside traffic. See Engineering Orderwire Unit and 4x64kb/s Unit setup. The
bytes may also be used by SU Ethernet Wayside traffic.

E1 or T1 wayside traffic can be selected. By checking the Enable E1/T1 check box, the SOH/TOH chart is displayed. If T1 is selected, the interface cable length has to be
selected.
Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of Wayside traffic direction.
Alternatives: Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Directions that was entered
under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons Set Setting of Wayside parameters

Check Boxes: Enable E1/T1 Enabling Wayside traffic


E1/T1 Wayside Unit, Looping
Four different loops can be activated on the E1/T1 Wayside Unit. One near end loop for each Port and one corresponding far end loop.

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the Port will be broken.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
E1/T1 Wayside Unit, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the E1T1 Wayside Unit.
The E1/T1 Wayside Unit contains two PRBS Generators and two Checkers. Only one Generator and one Checker are active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by
clicking the arrow on the block diagram, the other will automatically be disabled.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow on the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on this Port will be broken.
Function Buttons: Active Generator Set Sets parameters on the active generator.

Active Checker Set Sets parameters on the active checker.

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Active Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Active Generator Pattern Setting of signal pattern. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Active Checker Pattern Setting of signal pattern. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Check Boxes Active Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Active Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


RIU
Set up and configuration of the Radio Interface Unit. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the RIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the RIU Unit are
displayed.
RIU, Inventory
List of RIU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
RIU, Looping
One loop can be activated on the RIU.

Note! When the loop is activated, traffic on this RIU will be broken.

Before activating the loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.
The loop is activated by clicking the arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
RIU, BER Threshold
Setting of thresholds for Bit Error Rate alarms
Pull Down Menus: HBER Selection of High Bit Error Rate Threshold.
Alternatives: 1.0E-3, 1.0E-4, 1.0E-5, 1.0E-6 or SES (Severely Errored Seconds)

LBER Selection of Low Bit Error Rate Threshold.


Alternatives: 1.0E-6, 1.0E-7, 1.0E-8 or 1.0E-9

Early Warning (EW) Selection of Early Warning Threshold.


Alternatives: 1.0E-9, 1.0E-10, 1.0E-11, 1.0E-12 or RPS optimized

Function Buttons Set Setting of Bit Error Rate Parameters

Check Box: Insert AIS on HBER Insert AIS signal if HBER occurs
FAN
Displays the Fan status.
Fan 1 is the fan nearest to the Front Panel.
Fan 1 and 2 are used for temperature control of the Plug-in Units.
Fan 3 is used for temperature control of the Motherboard.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the Fan Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the Fan Unit are
displayed.

Function Buttons: Get Get the current Fan status

Start Polling Starts polling the Fan status

Stop Polling Stops polling the Fan status


SU
Set up and configuration of the Radio Interface Unit. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the SU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance
data for the SU Unit are displayed.

Note! Dependent on the system configuration, different sub pages are visible.

When the system is configured as Metro (See Housekeeping), the sub pages "Inventory" and "Wayside" are visible. In addition
the sub pages; "Looping", "Ethernet" and "GFP" are visible when wayside is enabled.

When the System is configured as IP (See Housekeeping), "Inventory", "Looping", "PRBS", "Ethernet", "GFP" and "POH" sub
pages are visible.

When the System is configured as XPAND (See Housekeeping), and "Ethernet mapped in E1 (T1)" is enabled, the sub pages
"Inventory", "Looping", "Ethernet" and "GFP" are visible.
Metro
IP
XPAND
SU, Inventory-METRO
List of SU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
SU, Wayside-METRO
2Mb/s Ethernet Wayside traffic can be inserted in dedicated Section Overhead bytes.

Note! If one or more of the bytes used for wayside traffic (yellow) are already assigned for 64kb/s channels (Engineering Orderwire
or 4x64kb/s AUX Units), 2Mb/s Ethernet traffic can not be enabled. In this case the 64kb/s channels must be reassigned to bytes not
used for wayside traffic. See Engineering Orderwire Unit and 4x64kb/s Unit setup.
Check Box 2Mb/s Ethernet Enable Check this box to enable 2Mb/s wayside

Function Buttons: Set Set the selected configuration

Pull Down Menus: Direction Antenna direction (name)

Main traffic channel Select Main traffic channel number


SU, Looping-METRO
Two different loops can be activated on the SU (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, Ethernet traffic on the SU will be broken.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
SU, Ethernet-METRO
The Ethernet port (ETH2), can be configured as 10/100 Base-T (half or full duplex).
Function Buttons: Set Set selected parameters

Get Get Ethernet link status

Start Polling Start Ethernet link status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Ethernet link status Polling

Check Boxes: Flow control Enable/Disable Flow control for the Ethernet Port.

Enable Port Enable/Disable the Ethernet Port.

Link loss forwarding Enable/Disable Link loss forwarding.


See description below

Pull Down Menus: Port Select port number to configure. Options; 1 to 5

Link speed and duplex Auto, 10/100 Half/Full Duplex

MAC address aging timeout Selectable: OFF, ON-5min or ON-15sec

Capacity Select the capacity to be allocated for Ethernet traffic.

Link Loss Forwarding (LLF)


With this function enabled, a loss of signal on one Network Element (e.g. cable failure/unplugged) will be detected on the corresponding Network
Element and shut down this Ethernet port.
Note! Link Loss Forwarding must be enabled on both corresponding Network Elements

In the figure below, an Ethernet link loss will be detected on NE2. A LLF signal will be sent to NE1 and the Ethernet port will be shut down.

In the figure below, a loss of signal will be detected on both Network Elements and the Ethernet ports will be shut down.

The LLF function is specially useful in ring protected systems.


In the example below, a cable is broken between Router B and NE2. Link Loss failure will be detected on NE1 and transmission shut down.
The Ethernet traffic between Router A and B will be routed via NE3 and NE4.
Note! If the Ethernet ports are forced down due to signal loss (LLF enabled), application of a traffic loop on one of the NEs
may result in unwanted activation of the Ethernet ports on the NE in question as well as on the corresponding NE. If it is required
that the Ethernet ports stay disabled, the ports must be manually disabled on the NEs or on the periferal equipment.
SU, GFP-METRO
Generic Framing Procedure (GFP). Layer 2 encapsulation scheme for Ethernet data traffic.
Function Buttons: Reset Reset GFP status

Get Get GFP status

Start Polling Start GFP status Polling

Stop Polling Stop GFP status Polling


SU, Inventory-IP
List of SU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
SU, Looping-IP
Two different loops can be activated on the SU (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, Ethernet traffic on the SU will be broken.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
SU, PRBS-IP
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the SU.
The SU contains one Generator and one Checker.
The black arrow on the diagram indicates the Generator. The green arrow is the active Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow on the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, Ethernet traffic on the SU will be broken.
Function Buttons: Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check the
system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is pushed).

Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Active Checker Reset
Gets Error Status
Get
Starts Error polling.
Start Polling

Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Generator Pattern Signal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Checker Pattern Signal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


SU, Ethernet-IP
The Ethernet port (ETH2), can be configured as 10/100 Base-T (half or full duplex).
Function Buttons: Set Set selected parameters

Get Get Ethernet link status

Start Polling Start Ethernet link status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Ethernet link status Polling

Check Boxes: Flow control Enable/Disable Flow control for the Ethernet Port.

Enable Port Enable/Disable the Ethernet Port.

Link loss forwarding Enable/Disable Link loss forwarding.


See description below

Pull Down Menus: Port Select port number to configure. Options; 1 to 5

Link speed and duplex Auto, 10/100 Half/Full Duplex

MAC address aging timeout Selectable: OFF, ON-5min or ON-15sec

Capacity Select the capacity to be allocated for Ethernet traffic.

Link Loss Forwarding (LLF)


With this function enabled, a loss of signal on one Network Element (e.g. cable failure/unplugged) will be detected on the corresponding Network
Element and shut down this Ethernet port.
Note! Link Loss Forwarding must be enabled on both corresponding Network Elements

In the figure below, an Ethernet link loss will be detected on NE2. A LLF signal will be sent to NE1 and the Ethernet port will be shut down.

In the figure below, a loss of signal will be detected on both Network Elements and the Ethernet ports will be shut down.

The LLF function is specially useful in ring protected systems.


In the example below, a cable is broken between Router B and NE2. Link Loss failure will be detected on NE1 and transmission shut down.
The Ethernet traffic between Router A and B will be routed via NE3 and NE4.
Note! If the Ethernet ports are forced down due to signal loss (LLF enabled), application of a traffic loop on one of the NEs
may result in unwanted activation of the Ethernet ports on the NE in question as well as on the corresponding NE. If it is required
that the Ethernet ports stay disabled, the ports must be manually disabled on the NEs or on the periferal equipment.
SU, GFP-IP
Generic Framing Procedure (GFP). Layer 2 encapsulation scheme for Ethernet data traffic.
Function Buttons: Reset Reset GFP status

Get Get GFP status

Start Polling Start GFP status Polling

Stop Polling Stop GFP status Polling


SU, POH-IP
Path Overhead (POH)
Function Buttons: Get Get POH status

Start Polling Start POH status Polling

Stop Polling Stop POH status Polling


SU, Inventory-XPAND
List of SU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
SU, Looping-XPAND
Two different loops can be activated on the SU (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, Ethernet traffic on the SU will be broken.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
SU, Ethernet-XPAND
The Ethernet port (ETH2), can be configured as 10/100 Base-T (half or full duplex).
Function Buttons: Set Set selected parameters

Get Get Ethernet link status

Start Polling Start Ethernet link status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Ethernet link status Polling

Check Boxes: Flow control Enable/Disable Flow control for the Ethernet Port.

Enable Port Enable/Disable the Ethernet Port.

Link loss forwarding Enable/Disable Link loss forwarding.


See description below

Pull Down Menus: Port Select port number to configure. Options; 1 to 5

Link speed and duplex Auto, 10/100 Half/Full Duplex

MAC address aging timeout Selectable: OFF, ON-5min or ON-15sec

Capacity Select the capacity to be allocated for Ethernet traffic.

Link Loss Forwarding (LLF)


With this function enabled, a loss of signal on one Network Element (e.g. cable failure/unplugged) will be detected on the corresponding Network
Element and shut down this Ethernet port.
Note! Link Loss Forwarding must be enabled on both corresponding Network Elements

In the figure below, an Ethernet link loss will be detected on NE2. A LLF signal will be sent to NE1 and the Ethernet port will be shut down.

In the figure below, a loss of signal will be detected on both Network Elements and the Ethernet ports will be shut down.

The LLF function is specially useful in ring protected systems.


In the example below, a cable is broken between Router B and NE2. Link Loss failure will be detected on NE1 and transmission shut down.
The Ethernet traffic between Router A and B will be routed via NE3 and NE4.
Note! If the Ethernet ports are forced down due to signal loss (LLF enabled), application of a traffic loop on one of the NEs
may result in unwanted activation of the Ethernet ports on the NE in question as well as on the corresponding NE. If it is required
that the Ethernet ports stay disabled, the ports must be manually disabled on the NEs or on the periferal equipment.
SU, GFP-XPAND
Generic Framing Procedure (GFP). Layer 2 encapsulation scheme for Ethernet data traffic.
Function Buttons: Reset Reset GFP status

Get Get GFP status

Start Polling Start GFP status Polling

Stop Polling Stop GFP status Polling


Plug-in Units
Available Plug-in Units:
Line Interface Unit (LIU)
LIU 3xDS3/E3
LIU 12xE1
LIU 25xE1
LIU 8xT1
LIU 16xT1
Gigabit Ethernet Unit
DXC Unit
LIU
Set up and configuration of the Line Interface Unit. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the LIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the LIU Unit are displayed.
LIU, Inventory
List of LIU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
LIU, Looping
Two different loops can be activated on the LIU (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on this LIU will be broken.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
LIU, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the LIU.
The LIU contains one Generator and two Checkers. Only one Checker is active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow on the block diagram, the other will automatically be
disabled.
The red arrow on the diagram indicates the Generator. The green arrow is the active Checker. The black arrow is the inactive Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow on the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on this LIU will be broken.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side of the LIU.
Note! A loop must be activated at the Customer interface side.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side of the LIU.
Note! A loop must be activated at the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Function Buttons: Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling.
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Generator Pattern Signal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Checker Pattern Signal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


LIU, Path Trace
The Path Trace functionality and the AIS (Alarm Indicator Signal) functionality are used to test that the received signal frames are the frames we want to receive (correct routing, frequency
alignment. . . . ). This is done by either inserting a fixed byte or an user defined ASCII sting in the J0 slot in the RSOH (Send). The radio that receives the signal frames must have the same Trace
string (J0) defined. If there is a mismatch, an AIS can be inserted (if configured). An AIS can also be inserted if the HBER threshold is exceeded.
Check Boxes: Enable send Enable Send Trace string

Enable receive Enable Receive Trace string

Function Buttons: Set (Send) Set Path Trace signal to send

Set (Receive) Set Path Trace signal expected to receive

Get Get Status

Start Polling Start polling Status


Stop Polling Stop polling Status

Input Fields: Send Trace string User defined ASCII string max. 15 characters

Receive Expected User defined ASCII string max. 15 characters


LIU, AIS
The Path Trace functionality and the AIS (Alarm Indicator Signal) functionality are used to verify that the received signal frames are the frames we want to receive (correct routing, frequency
alignment. . . . ). This is done by either inserting a fixed byte or a user defined ASCII string in the J0 slot in the RSOH. This is done from the path trace sheet. The radio that receives the signal
frames must have the same Trace string (J0) defined in the AIS insert sheet. If there is a mismatch, an AIS can be inserted (if configured). An AIS can also be inserted if the HBER threshold is
exceeded (configured on the RIU).
Check Boxes: Insert AIS on Trace Identifier Mismatch (TIM) When this box is checked, an Alarm Indicating Signal is
inserted when there is a mismatch between the Path Trace
string or fixed byte sent and the expected Receive signal

Remove Delay Enabled Remove AIS delay

Pull Down Menu: AIS remove delay (in sec) Setting of AIS remove dela: 0-300 seconds

Function Button: Set Set AIS parameters


LIU, DCC
Data Communication Channels can be inserted into the SOH. Single or multiple SOH bytes (D1-D3 or D4-D12) can be selected.

Check Box: Enable Enable Data Communication Channels

Pull Down Menu: Coding Select Coding. Alternatives: NRZ, NRZI

Function Button: Set Set DCC parameters


LIU 3xDS3/E3
Set up and configuration of the LIU 3xDS3/E3. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the LIU 3xDS3/E3 highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the LIU 3xDS3/E3 are displayed.
LIU 3xDS3/E3, Inventory
List of LIU 3xDS3/E3 Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
LIU 3xDS3/E3, Looping
Six different loops can be activated on the LIU (3 Near end and 3 Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the Port will be broken.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
LIU 3xDS3/E3, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the LIU 3xDS3/E3.
The LIU 3xDS3/E3 contains two Generators and two Checkers. Only one Checker is active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow on the block diagram, the other will automatically be disabled.
The red arrow on the diagram indicates the active Generator. The green arrow is the active Checker. The black arrow is the inactive Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow on the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on this Port will be broken.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side of the LIU 3xDS3/E3.
Note! A loop must be activated at the Customer interface side.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side of the LIU 3xDS3/E3.
Note! A loop must be activated at the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Function Buttons: Active Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Active Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Active Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling.
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Active Generator Pattern Signal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Active Checker Pattern Signal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Port Select the port to be checked. Alternatives; 1, 2 or 3


LIU 3xDS3/E3, Ports
All ports can be enabled / disabled individually.

E3 (ETSI) screenshot (ETSI or ANSI configuration is selected from Housekeeping) See screenshot below for DS3 (ANSI).
DS3 (ANSI) screenshot (ETSI or ANSI configuration is selected from Housekeeping) See screenshot abow for E3 (ETSI).

Function Buttons: Get Get Port Status

Set Set parameters for actual port

Enable All Ports Enables all ports

Disable All Ports Disables all ports

Pull Down Menus: Cable Length Select "<=225 feet" or ">225 feet"

Line AIS insertion Select "Enable AIS on LOS" or "Enable AIS on LOS/OOF"
LIU 12xE1
Set up and configuration of the LIU 12xE1. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the LIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the LIU Unit are displayed.
LIU 12xE1, Inventory
List of LIU 12xE1 Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
LIU 12xE1, Looping
24 loops can be activated on the LIU 12xE1 Unit, two for each E1 Port (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the actual port will be broken.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active one each port at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
LIU 12xE1, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the LIU 12xE1 Ports.
The LIU 12xE1 contains one PRBS Generator and two Checkers. Only one Checker is active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow on the block diagram, the other will automatically be disabled.
A red arrow on the diagram indicates an active Generator. A green arrow is an active Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow on the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on the actual port will be broken.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side.


Note! A near end loop must be activated.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Note! A far end loop must be activated.
Function Buttons: Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling.
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Port The port where the PRBS signal is to be inserted. Alternatives: 1 to 12.

Generator Pattern Signal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Checker Pattern Ssignal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


LIU 12xE1, Ports
All ports can be enabled / disabled individually.
Function Buttons: Get Get Port Status

Set Set parameters for actual port

Enable All Ports Enables all ports

Disable All Ports Disables all ports


LIU 25xE1
Set up and configuration of the LIU 25xE1. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the LIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the LIU Unit are displayed.
LIU 25xE1, Inventory
List of LIU 25xE1 Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
LIU 25xE1, Looping
50 loops can be activated on the LIU 25xE1 Unit, two for each E1 Port (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the actual port will be broken.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active one each port at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
LIU 25xE1, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the LIU 25xE1 Ports.
The LIU 25xE1 contains one PRBS Generator and two Checkers. Only one Checker is active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow on the block diagram, the other will automatically be disabled.
A red arrow on the diagram indicates an active Generator. A green arrow is an active Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow on the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on the actual port will be broken.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side.


Note! A near end loop must be activated.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Note! A far end loop must be activated.
Function Buttons: Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling.
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Port The port where the PRBS signal is to be inserted. Alternatives: 1 to 25.

Generator Pattern Signal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Checker Pattern Ssignal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


LIU 25xE1, Ports
All ports can be enabled / disabled individually.
Function Buttons: Get Get Port Status

Set Set parameters for actual port

Enable All Ports Enables all ports

Disable All Ports Disables all ports


Gigabit Ethernet Interface Unit
Set up and configuration of the Gigabit Ethernet Interface Unit. Click on the different sub page tabs for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the Gigabit Ethernet Interface Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the
Gigabit Ethernet Interface Unit are displayed.
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Inventory
List of Gigabit Ethernet Unit Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number, Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Looping
Two different loops can be activated on the Gigabit Ethernet Unit (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the Gigabit Ethernet Unit will be broken.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.

Egress port swap function


Output signal to Port 1 will be swapped with Port 2 and vice versa, in order to prevent the test signal to be sent back to the transmitting port. The same applies to Port 3 and Port
4 (Port 5).
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Ports
All ports can be configured individually
Port 1 to 3 can be configured as 10/100 Base-T (half or full duplex).
Port 4 can be configured as 10/100/1000 Base-T (half or full duplex).
Port 5 is intended for optical interface by means of an SFP module (1000 Base-X)
Note! Only one 1000 Mb/s port can be enabled at the time.

Port 1-4 Screenshot


Port 5 Screenshot

Function Buttons: Set Port (1-5) Set parameters for actual port

Get Get Port Status


Pull Down Menus: Port Select port number to configure. Options; 1 to 5

Speed Auto, 10/100 Half/Full Duplex for Port 1 to 3, and in addition for Port 4; 1000 Full
Duplex. Port 5, SFP, is 1000 Base-X only.

Ingress rate Stepwise limits from 500 kb/s to 83 Mb/s or Not Limited (100 Mb/s or link capacity)
for Port 1 to 3. Stepwise from 500 kb/s to 125 Mb/s or Not Limited (link capacity) for
Port 4 and 5.
See Ethernet page; Ingress rate limiting

Check Boxes: Flow control Enable/Disable for Port 1 to 4. This is available only when the Ingress Rate is
activated. Note that Burst drop mode must be selected for proper operation. See
Ethernet page.

Link loss forwarding Enable/Disable Link loss forwarding.


See description below

Automatic laser shutdown Enable/Disable Automatic laser shutdown.


(Port 5) This is a function designed for eye safety purposes, according to ITU-T rec. G.958.
When this box is checked the laser will shut down after a short period of time, if loss
of signal from far end is detected. After a waiting time period the laser will restart
automatically.

See Appendix; Gigabit Ethernet Configuration for further details.

Link Loss Forwarding (LLF)


With this function enabled, a loss of signal on one Network Element (e.g. cable failure/unplugged) will be detected on the corresponding Network Element and shut down this
Ethernet port.

Note! Link Loss Forwarding must be enabled on both corresponding Network Elements

In the figure below, an Ethernet link loss will be detected on NE2. A LLF signal will be sent to NE1 and the Ethernet port will be shut down.

In the figure below, a loss of signal will be detected on both Network Elements and the Ethernet ports will be shut down.
The LLF function is specially useful in ring protected systems.
In the example below, a cable is broken between Router B and NE2. Link Loss failure will be detected on NE1 and transmission shut down.
The Ethernet traffic between Router A and B will be routed via NE3 and NE4.

Note! If the Ethernet ports are forced down due to signal loss (LLF enabled), application of a traffic loop on one of the NEs may result in unwanted activation of the
Ethernet ports on the NE in question as well as on the corresponding NE. If it is required that the Ethernet ports stay disabled, the ports must be manually disabled
on the NEs or on the periferal equipment.
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Ethernet configuration

Function Buttons: Set Set selected parameters

Pull Down Menus: MAC address aging timeout Select MAC address aging timeout.
Options; 15 sec, 5 min or Learning off.

Ingress rate limiting Select Ingress rate limiting drop mode.


Options; Continous drop or Burst drop. Ref appendix; Gigabit Ethernet
Configuration
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, QoS (Quality of Service)
Used for traffic prioritizing.

Function Buttons: Set Set selected parameters


Pull Down Menus: QoS priority scheme The QoS priority scheme has 4 options: OFF, Port, VLAN, DSCP/TOS

OFF
All traffic has equal priority.

Port (Ethernet input ports)


Each port can be given priority 0 to 3 individually. Click the actual decimal
value in the screen and select required priority from pull down menu.

VLAN (802.1p user priority)


VLAN user priority is represented by 8 decimal values (0-7), which is mapped
into four traffic queues. Click the actual decimal value in the screen and select
required priority from pull down menu.

DSCP/TOS (IPv4/IPv6)
DSCP is represented by 64 decimal values (0-63), which is mapped into four
traffic queues. Click the actual decimal value in the screen and select required
priority from pull down menu.

QoS scheduling mode Options; Fair queueing or Strict queueing

Fair queueing
An 8, 4, 2, 1 weighting is applied to the four priorities. This approach prevents
the lower priority frames from being starved out with only a slight delay to the
higher priority frames.

Strict queueing
All top priority frames egress for a port untill that priority's queue is empty.
Then the next lower priority queue's frames egress, etc. This ensures that all
high priority frames egress as soon as possible.
Port (Ethernet input ports)
VLAN (802.1p user priority)
DSCP/TOS (IPv4/IPv6)
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Capacity

VCG (Virtual Link) status


Failed or Fuly operational. If status is Failed, ref Fault Finding and Alarm Lists
Function Buttons: Set Set Mapping and Capacity

Get Get Tributary Status

Pull Down Menus: Mapping resolution ETSI alternatives: VC-4, VC-3, VC-12
ANSI alternatives: STS-3C, STS-1, VT 1.5

Capacity Alternatives: VC-4: 0, 1


VC-3: 0,1,2,3
VC-12: 0-63

STS-3C: 0,1
STS-1: 0,1,2,3
VT 1.5: 0-64

Check Box LCAS enabled By shecking tif box, LCAS (Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme) is enabled.
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Statistics
Statistics for octet packet counters, ingress(Rx value) and egress(Tx value) for ethernet ports.

Function Buttons: Get Get Port Status

Reset Port Reset counter on actual Port

Reset All Reset counter on all Ports

Pull Down Menus: Port Select port number to view. Options; 1 to 5


Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Charts
Graphic presentation of Ethernet statistics.

Pull Down Menu: Resolution 5sec - 60min

Function Buttons: Set Set Resolution

Get Get statistics


DXC Unit
Set up and configuration of the DXC Unit. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the DXC Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the DXC Unit are displayed.
DXC, Inventory
List of DXC Unit Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
DXC, Frame Structure
Each of the four ports on the DXC must be configured with correct mapping structure. Only configured DXC ports are shown. Each port can have different mapping structure.
The following mapping structures are available:
SDH (ETSI): STM-1/AU-4/VC-4
STM-1/AU-4/VC-4/3xTUG-3
Where each TUG-3 can be either
TU-3/VC-3 or 21xTU-12/VC-12

SONET (ANSI): OC-3 (STS-3)/STS-3c/STS-3c SPE


OC-3 (STS-3)/3xSTS-1
Where each STS-1 can be either STS-1 SPE or 21xVT1.5

VT1.5 is available in SW version R4B and later.

Configuration of ETSI or ANSI mode is done using the housekeeping wizard

The diagram in the screen below, is interactive. Check the 3 x Tug3 check box to explore the different frame structures.
Function Buttons: Get Get frame structure

Set Set frame structure

Check Box: 3 x Tug3 Uncheck this box will deselect 3 x Tug3 frame structure

Selection Boxes: TU-3 Sets the current structure to TU-3

TU-12 Sets the current structure to TU-12


DXC, Signal Label
The expected signal label (C2 for VC-4, VC-3, STS-3c SPE and STS-1 SPE. V5 for VC-12 and VT1.5) is configured using this page. Select one of the DXC
ports using the drop-down list. Select an individual container by clicking inside the square. The received and configured expected signal label on the
receive side for the selected container is displayed. A PLM (Payload Mismatch) alarm is generated on containers that have mismatch between received
signal label and expected signal label. Received signal label with value equals zero, generates an UNEQ (Unequipped) alarm. UNEQ and PLM alarms are
only reported on connected containers. The default expected signal labels are:

SDH (ETSI) Mapping:


STM-1/AU-4/VC-4:
VC-4C2=Asynchronous 140M(12hex)

STM-1/AU-4/VC-4/TUG-3/TU-3/VC-3:
VC-4C2=TUG Structure(2)
VC-3C2= Asynchronous 34/45M(4)

STM-1/AU-4/VC-4/TUG-3/TU-12/VC-12:
VC-4C2=TUG Structure(2)
VC-12V5= Asynchronous 2M(2)

SONET (ANSI) Mapping:


OC-3 (STS-3)/STS-3c/STS-3c SPE:
STS-3c SPEC2=Asynchronous 140M(12hex)

OC-3 (STS-3)/STS-1/STS-1 SPE


STS-1 SPEC2= Asynchronous DS3(4)

OC-3 (STS-3)/STS-1/VT1.5
V1.5V5= Asynchronous DS1(2)

VT1.5 is available in SW version R4B and later.


Pull Down Menus: Port Select Port

Expected signal label Select expected signal label

Function Button: Set Apply settings


DXC, Digital X Connect
The X-connect functionallity allows the operator to connect two virtuals containers (VC) in different ports. The connections are identified by using the background colour of the ports together with the KLM address of the virtual
container. The background colour of a virtual container identifies the source port, while the KLM address identifies the source address.

SNCP functionality is identified with a split cell. To enable SNCP connections, the "SNCP connection mode" box must be checked. The SNCP functionality will apply to the same virtual container on all ports.

Looping is achieved by connecting VCs on the same port (Traffic Looping).

When configuring the cross-connection of containers two modes are available, cross-connection of two containers and cross-connection with SNCP (Path protection).

1. Cross-connection without SNCP: When configuring cross-connections without SNCP the check box SNCP Connection Mode must be unchecked. Select the source container by clicking inside the square for that
container. Then select the sink container by clicking inside square for that container. Both containers will be colored dark blue to indicate selection. Press the Connect button. Verify the correct cross-connection before
pushing the Set button to apply the setting to the Unit. Traffic looping of a container can be performed by selecting the same container twice, and then push Connect button and Set button. Disconnecting of a connection is
done selecting either of the two containers in a connection and push Disconnect button and Set button. Both cross-connected containers will be colored light blue to indicate selection.

2. Cross-connection with SNCP: When configuring cross-connections with SNCP the check box SNCP Connection Mode must be checked. Select the first source container by clicking inside the square for that container.
Then select the second source container by clicking inside square for that container. Both containers will be colored dark blue to indicate selection. Clicking inside the third container square selects the sink for the SNCP
connection. The container will be colored red to indicate sink selection. Press the Connect button. Verify the correct SNCP cross-connection before pushing the Set button, to apply the setting to the Unit. Disconnecting of
a connection is done selecting any of the three containers in a connection and push Disconnect button and Set button. All containers in the selected SNCP connection will be colored light blue to indicate selection.

Note: The configuration is not applied to the unit before the Set button is pushed. Several cross-connections and SNCP connections can be configured before the Set button is pushed.
Function Button: Connect Select the virtual containers to be connected. Press this button to connect the selected
virtual containers

Disconnect Select a virtual container which already has an established connection. Press this
button to remove the connection

Get Get status

Set Apply the selected connections

Check Box: SNCP connectio mode Enable SNCP mode


DXC, X-Connect Status
The X-Connect and SNCP status can be shown for all containers. Select one of the DXC ports using the drop-down list. Select an individual container by clicking inside the square. The SNCP
status or X-Connect status for the selection is shown in the text field.

Pull Down Menus: Port Select Port


DXC, SETS Configuration
The configuration of the SETS function must be performed to assure correct synchronization in the SDH/SONET network. By default no synchronization sources are selected, and the DXC will be using Local SETS Oscillator.

Available clock sources can be added to a priority list by pressing , and removed from the list by . The first entry in the list has highest priority. The priority of a clock source can be changed by clicking or . Maximum three
sources can be added to the list. There are two priority tables: One for the T4 DPLL and one for the T0 DPLL.

Note! The T4 DPLL priority list is only enabled when “External synchronisation output” is set to T4. If “External synchronisation output” is set to T0, the priority list is "greyed out".

The SETS function for T0 can operate in revertive or non-revertive mode when Quality label mode is disabled.

If Quality label mode is chosen the switching between the sources will take into account the status of the SSM byte for the sources, and if equal SSM byte also the source priority. If Quality label mode is set to Off, the switching
is performed according to priority and validation of the sources only.

The quality of the tributary input signal 1 and 2 can be set in the Tributary synchronisation 1 input quality and Tributary synchronisation 2 input quality fields.

The quality of the external input signal from the front can be set in the External synchronization input quality field.

The source for the external synchronization output can be configured to either T0 or T4.

Tributary Syncronisation is available in SW version R4A and later.


Pull Down Menus: External synchronisation input quality

Function Button: Get Get status

Set Apply selections


DXC, SETS Status
The status page contains information about the quality of the incoming and outgoing clock signals for all available sources. Each row in the table corresponds to a clock source.

A source colored green indicates an active clock source. If the SETS function is in holdover mode the Local oscillator source for T0 will be red.

The following status are available:


Last changed
Source quality/SSM
Input source validity

Note! The T4 status is only visible if T4 is chosen as the source for the External synchronization output in the SETS Configuration.
Function Button: Get Get synchronization status

Start Polling Start polling of synchronization status

Stop Polling Stop polling of synchronization status


ODU
Set up and configuration of the ODU. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the RIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the RIU Unit are
displayed.
ODU, Inventory
List of ODU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Buttons: Reset Radio reset

Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log


ODU, Power
The ODU provides a set of RF power control functions:

● RF input alarm thresholds can be set such that an alarm is raised when the input level exceeds the upper or lower limits.
● ATPC (Automatic Transmit Power Control) is a function for effectively reducing the interference probability in the network. When ATPC is enabled, the output power from the transmitter is automatically controlled. The "ATPC" alarm is generated
if ATPC stops functioning. Note that ATPC must be available on both sides of the hop in order to be used. The table "Recommended ATPC Input Reference Level" gives the correct ATPC Input Reference Level as a function of payload,
channel spacing and radio frequency.
● If ATPC is not enabled, the transmitted output level can be set (MTPC). The transmitter can also be muted.

Note! In XPIC configurations it is highly recommended that the ATPC function is enabled.

The values in the example below are typical and will vary according to the calculated values from the system propagation.
Input Field: MTPC
Output Level ATPC is disabled and constant manual output level is selected.

ATPC Output level is automatically adjusted according to the specified ATPC settings.
Input Reference Level -The desired input level. If ATPC is enabled on the remote transmitter, the remote
transmitter will regulate its output power such that the received input level at this receiver is
equal to the reference level.
See table below for recommended Input Reference Level.
Max. Output Level -The Transmitters maximum output level (dBm)
Default Output Level -The Transmitters default output level (dBm). The output power to be used if ATPC
regulation loop fails (The "ATPC" alarm is raised).

Check Boxes: MTPC Manual Transmit Power Control mode

ATPC Automatic Transmit Power Control mode

Mute Output Power When checked the Output power is muted

ATPC Lower Limit for Mask Enable Enable the ATPC Lower Limit if the output power is required to comply with the
mask defined for the equipment also when operating in ATPC mode. The limit
used is the same as the minimum available MTPC output power.

Function Button: Apply Apply settings

Recommended ATPC Input Reference Level

Typical Channel Recommended ATPC "Input Reference Level"


Payload Spacing (MHz)
L6GHz U6GHz 7GHz 8GHz 10GHz 11GHz 13GHz 15GHz 18GHz 23GHz 26GHz 28GHz 32GHz 38GHz

STM-1 / 75 x 1 27.5 - 30 (ACAP) -52 -51 -52 -52 -51 -52 -50 -50 -49 -49 -49 -48 -48 -47

STM-1 / 75 x 1 27.5 - 30 -51 -50 -51 -51 -50 -51 -49 -49 -48 -48 -48 -47 -47 -46

STM-1 / 75 x 1 40 -54 -54 -54 -54 -53 -54 -53 -53 -52 -52 -52 -51 -50 -50

STM-1 / 75 x 1 50 - 56 -59 -58 -59 -59 -58 -59 -56 -56 -55 -55 -54 -53 -53 -53

40 x E1 27.5 - 30 -61 -61 -61 -61 -60 -61 -60 -60 -59 -59 -58 -57 -57 -55

50 x E1 27.5 - 30 -60 -59 -60 -60 -59 -60 -58 -58 -57 -57 -55 -54 -54 -54

20 x E1 13.75 - 15 -64 -63 -64 -64 -63 -64 -62 -62 -61 -61 -61 -60 -60 -59
ODU, Looping
Note! When the loop is activated, traffic on this ODU will be broken.

Before activating the loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.
The loop is activated by clicking the arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
ODU, Analogues
List of analogue levels
Fault
In the Fault menu the alarm status can be monitored.

Different functions are provided for acquisition, presentation and storage of alarm data:

● Current alarm status and historical alarm information can be collected from the network element and presented in different user
interfaces.
● Historical alarm data can be logged into a database system.

Alarm information can be gathered by two different methods:

● Polling: Regularly requests alarm update information from the NE.


● Get: Get the current alarm status

Colours and symbols are used to indicate the alarm severity of the network element. Each alarm severity class has a corresponding colour and symbol.

Note! If you from the Fault menu click one of the IFU Frame Units, the Fault status for that particular Unit is displayed.

Click on the sub-menues to explore the functionality.


Active
Displays a list of all active alarms.

Note! If you from the Active menu click one of the IFU Frame Units, the active alarm status for that particular Unit is displayed.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter alarm list according to selections.

Set Severity Accept selected severity level on selected alarms.

Block

Blocked Alarms Block alarms that are checked in the list above.

Get View Blocked alarms.

Start Polling Get Alarm Status

Stop Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continu until Stop Polling is selected
Print Table Stops Polling sequence

Send the Alarm List to your default printer.

Check Boxes: Alarm Select Select alarms to be blocked

Pull Down Menues Alarm Filter; Physical Position Select all or alarms from a specific unit

Alarm Filter; Severity Filter alarms according to severity level.

Alarm Filter; State Filter alarms according to alarm state

Severity Select severity level for selected alarms


All
Displays a list of all alarms.

Note! If you from the All menu click one of the IFU Frame Units, the alarm status for that particular Unit is displayed.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter alarm list according to selections.

Set Severity Accept selected severity level on selected alarms.

Block

Blocked Alarms Block alarms that are checked in the list above.

Get View Blocked alarms.

Start Polling Get Alarm Status

Stop Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continu until Stop Polling is selected
Print Table Stops Polling sequence

Send the Alarm List to your default printer.

Check Boxes: Alarm Select Select alarms to be blocked

Pull Down Menues Alarm Filter; Physical Position Select all or alarms from a specific unit

Alarm Filter; Severity Filter alarms according to severity level.

Alarm Filter; State Filter alarms according to alarm state

Severity Select severity level for selected alarms


Event Log
The Event Log is a log that displays all events on the Network Element.
Function Button: Set Mode Accept selected Log Mode

Remove Entries Specify the number of entries to be removed from the Events Log

Purge Log Clears the Event Log table

Print Table Prints the Event Log on a local printer

Pull Down Menu Log Mode Select Log Mode. Alternatives: Wrap when full or Halt when full. Note! If "Halt when full" is
selected, new events will not be logged when Event log is full.

Input Fields: Entries Type in the entry number to be deleted from the Events list
Performance
Different functions are provided for acquisition, presentation and storage of performance data. Cumulative measurements, Registers (15Min, Day and
Month) and Thresholds can be selected from the sub-menu.

Note! If you from the Performance menu click one of the IFU Frame units, the Performance status for that particular Unit is displayed.
Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period (SDP).
A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a subset of ES.

UnAvailable Seconds
UAS The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES events.
These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time begins at the onset of
ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

Out Of Frame.
OOF Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
Registers
Displays periodic Measurements. Period measurements are measurements cumulated over a predefined period of time (15 minutes, 24 hours and 1month). The start times
of these measurements are also predefined:

15Min measurements start at h:00:00, h:15:00, h:30:00 and h:45:00, where h denotes hour.
24Hour measurements start at each midnight (00:00:00).
Month measurements start at midnight at each month transition.

Note that the NE is using GMT time, such that the measurement start time is relative to GMT time and not to your PC’s local time.

For 15Min measurements the NE keeps the 16 latest periods. For 24Hour and Month measurements only the latest period is kept.
Note that the running performance measurements will be reset due to a SW restart on the corresponding board/unit. E.g. restarting a Line Interface Unit will reset all periodic
measurements on that unit.
Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction


Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring
Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.
SES Severely Errored Seconds
The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.
UAS
UnAvailable Seconds
The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
BBE time.

Background Block Errors


ES The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

Errored Seconds
OOF The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

Out Of Frame.
Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.
Parity: The number of parity errors detected.
Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
G.826 15 Min
G.826: ITU-T Recommendation defines standardized performance measurements.

Measurement types (see also definitions below the screenshot)


B1 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
B2 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
MS REI Contains
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status


Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected
Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence
Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction


Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring
Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.
SES Severely Errored Seconds
The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.
UAS
UnAvailable Seconds
The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
BBE time.

Background Block Errors


ES The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.
OOF Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

Out Of Frame.
Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
G.826 Day
G.826: ITU-T Recommendation defines standardized performance measurements.

Measurement types (see also definitions below the screenshot)


B1 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
B2 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
MS REI Contains
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status


Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected
Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence
Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction


Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring
Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.
SES Severely Errored Seconds
The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.
UAS
UnAvailable Seconds
The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
BBE time.

Background Block Errors


ES The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.
OOF Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

Out Of Frame.
Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
G.826 Month
G.826: ITU-T Recommendation defines standardized performance measurements.

Measurement types (see also definitions below the screenshot)


B1 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
B2 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
MS REI Contains
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status


Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected
Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence
Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction


Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring
Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.
SES Severely Errored Seconds
The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.
UAS
UnAvailable Seconds
The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
BBE time.

Background Block Errors


ES The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.
OOF Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

Out Of Frame.
Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
EC 15 Min
Error Count. Counts errors within the designated time cycle.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status


Start Polling
Stop Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Print Table Stops Polling sequence

Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction


Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring
Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.
SES Severely Errored Seconds
The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.
UAS
UnAvailable Seconds
The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
BBE time.

Background Block Errors


ES The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

Errored Seconds
OOF The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

Out Of Frame.
Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
EC Day
Error Count. Counts errors within the designated time cycle.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status


Start Polling
Stop Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Print Table Stops Polling sequence

Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction


Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring
Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.
SES Severely Errored Seconds
The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.
UAS
UnAvailable Seconds
The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
BBE time.

Background Block Errors


ES The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

Errored Seconds
OOF The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

Out Of Frame.
Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
EC Month
Error Count. Counts errors within the designated time cycle.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status


Start Polling
Stop Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Print Table Stops Polling sequence

Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction


Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring
Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.
SES Severely Errored Seconds
The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.
UAS
UnAvailable Seconds
The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
BBE time.

Background Block Errors


ES The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

Errored Seconds
OOF The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

Out Of Frame.
Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
Cumulative
Cumulative measurements are counting the number of errors since the last counter reset. These counters can be manually reset, and will also be reset by a SW Restart of
the corresponding board/unit.
G.826
G.826: ITU-T Recommendation defines standardized performance measurements.

Measurement types (see also definitions below the screenshot)


B1 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
B2 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
MS REI Contains
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Reset Resets selected Errors

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Get Get Error Status


Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected
Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Check Boxes: Error Select Select errors to be reset

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction


Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring
Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.
SES Severely Errored Seconds
The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.
UAS
UnAvailable Seconds
The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
BBE time.
ES Background Block Errors
The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

OOF Errored Seconds


The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

Out Of Frame.
RPS Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Radio Protection Switching.


PSRC: Protection Switch Request Count. Counts the number of switch requests. A switch request is an activation
of switch initiation criteria that may lead to automatic switches.
PSAC: Protection Switch Actual Count. Counts the number of actual switches for a regular channel to protection.
PSAD: Protection Switch Actual Duration. The number of one second periods in which a channel is actually
switched for at least a fraction of that second.
PSRSAD: Protection Switch Request Service Affecting Duration. The number of one second periods in which, at
least for fraction of that second, a protection switch request is active on a channel carrying regular traffic
and the request cannot be serviced.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
Error Count
Counts errors comulatively.

Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Reset Resets selected Errors

Print Table
Get Send the Error List to your default printer.

Start Polling Get Error Status

Stop Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stops Polling sequence

Check Boxes: Error Select Select errors to be reset

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction


Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring
Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.
SES Severely Errored Seconds
The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.
UAS
UnAvailable Seconds
The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
BBE time.

Background Block Errors


ES The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

Errored Seconds
OOF The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

RPS
Out Of Frame.
Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Radio Protection Switching.


PSRC: Protection Switch Request Count. Counts the number of switch requests. A switch request is an activation
of switch initiation criteria that may lead to automatic switches.
PSAC: Protection Switch Actual Count. Counts the number of actual switches for a regular channel to protection.
PSAD: Protection Switch Actual Duration. The number of one second periods in which a channel is actually
switched for at least a fraction of that second.
PSRSAD: Protection Switch Request Service Affecting Duration. The number of one second periods in which, at
least for fraction of that second, a protection switch request is active on a channel carrying regular traffic
and the request cannot be serviced.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
Threshold
Thresholds can be configured such that alarms are generated when performance measurements exceed the specified limits. Note that performance measurements are
evaluated continuously through the measurement period, and an alarm is raised immediately when the threshold value is exceeded. An active performance threshold alarm
is not cleared before a measurement period has completed with a measurement value less than the corresponding threshold.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to Source selection.

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.


Pull Down Menu Filter; Source Select source

Definitions
Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.
SES Severely Errored Seconds
The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.
UAS UnAvailable Seconds
The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.
BBE
Background Block Errors
ES The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

Errored Seconds
OOF The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

Out Of Frame.
Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
MS-REI count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
Analog
Displays transceiver input and output levels. Both numerically and graphically (cumulative or as a function of time)
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to Source selection.

Cumulative, Display Displays a graph showing cumulative measurements of the RF input and RF output
levels since last reset (clear).

Cumulative, Clear Resets the Cumulative measurement graph

Time Series, Display Displays a graph showing the RF input and RF output levels as a function of time.
Only the last 15 minutes are shown. A total of 2 time series can be active
simultaneously.
Time Series, Start/Stop
Starts/Stops the time series registration.

Pull Down Menu Physical Position Select all or readings from a specific ODU

Filter; Source Select source

Cumulative Plot, RF Input Level


Cumulative Plot, RF Output Level
Time Series Plot, RF Input Level
Time Series Plot, RF Output Level
Security
The Security Manager Module handles the user administration for the Evolution system. This module maintains the database of all the available
users in the system and provides interface for accessing the system. Based on the privilege level, each user shall be provided with the
necessary access permission to interact with the system.
Dependent on the user privileges, different pages in the Security Session are visible (see table below the screenshot).
User privileges
ADMIN User Administration
User Sessions
Change Password
Security Settings
Log
PASSIVE
Change Password
User Sessions
ACTIVE
Change Password
User Sessions
MASTER
Change Password
User Sessions
User Administration
In order to add or remove users, admin privileges are required.
A maximum of 20 users can be registered in the database.
10 users can be logged in simultaneously.
The user will be put in quarantine after 5 consecutive unsuccessful log in attempts. The quarantine will last for 60 minutes.
Function Buttons: Add User Add New User

Remove User Remove selected User

Check Boxes: User Select Select User to be removed

Add user
When "Add User" button is pushed, the following dialogue appears:

User name 4-32 characters alphanumeric (A-Z, a-z, 0-9 not case sensitive)

Password 8-32 characters alphanumeric (A-Z, a-z, 0-9 case sensitive)


Privilege
Passive: System monitoring
Active: Communication settings and data collection
Master: All commands including software download
Admin: All commands incl. software download and administration of user accounts
Status "Permanent User", "Temporary User"
Active period (For Temporary Users) 1-100 days

Remove User
Click the Check box for the actual User and push the "Remove User" Button.
User Sessions
List of all in-logged Users
Change Password
Function Button: Save Saves the new password

Input Fields: Current Password Type in current password

New Password Type in new password (8-32 characters alphanumeric (A-Z, a-z, 0-9 case sensitive))

Re-type new password Re-type new password


Security Settings
Setting of IP range. When enabled only terminals within the IP Range will have access to the NE
Function Button: Save Saves the IP Range

Input Fields: Min. IP address Type in min. IP address

Max. IP address Type in max. IP address

Check Box: Enable IP Range When this box is checked, only IP addresses within the range can access the NE.
Log
Log of all security operations on the NE. Maximum events: 1000. Clear the list by pushing the "Purge Log" button.

Function Button: Purge Log Clears the Security Log


UserNameLength: 4-32characters(alphanumeric)
Possiblecharacters: A-Z,a-z,0-9(notcasesensitive)
PasswordLength: 8-32characters(alphanumeric)
Possiblecharacters: A-Z,a-z,0-9(casesensitive)

Privilege;
Passive: System Monitoring
Active: Communication settings and data collection
Master: All commands including software download
Admin: All commands including software download and
administration of user accounts