MAJOR PORTS OF INDIA

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India is blessed with a navigable coastline. There are 12 major and 139 minor ports along the coastline. The twelve major Indian Ports are: Kolkata, Haldia, Chennai, JNPT, Kandla, Kochi, Goa, Mumbai, New Mangalore, Ennore,Paradip, Tuticorin & Vizag.A brief on major ports handling maximum sugar an export is given below.

KOLKATA PORT
It is India’s only riverine port with two dock systems – Kolkata Dock System at Kolkata with the oil wharves at Baj Baj and a deep water dock system at Haldia Dock Complex, Haldia for sea borne trade. It has the most sophisticated port facilities with extensive storage facility for diverse cargo. With a modern computerised container terminal, Kolkata port offers a very customer friendly approach. This web site aims to provide up-to-date information about the Port for the benefit of a global audience. Kolkata Port is India's only riverine port with two dock systems - Kolkata Dock System at Kolkata with the oil wharves at Baj Baj and a deep water dock system at Haldia Dock Complex, Haldia for sea borne trade. It has the most sophisticated port facilities with extensive storage facility for diverse cargo. With a modern computerised container terminal, Kolkata port offers a

the Port was called upon to play the opposite role to champion the national cause.with the grant of trading rights to the British Settlement in Eastern India by the Moghal Emperor Aurangzeb. It is situated at the confluence of the Haldia and the Hooghly rivers. The Kolkata Port was initially conceived to promote and protect the British colonial interest. Location: Latitude 22 20’North Longitude 88° 06'East . The affairs of the Port were brought under the administrative control of the Government with the appoinment of a Port Commission in 1870. has a synergistic linkage with the port. But with the advent of freedom in 1947. Haldia is also connected by rail and a catamaran service to Kolkata. But the nucleus of the present day Kolkata Port lies much earlier . This web site aims to provide up-to-date information about the Port for the benefit of a global audience. The road distance from Kolkata is about 140 kms.very customer friendly approach. The city of Kolkata. The Port took over the responsibility in the wake of the aftermath of Second World War and the partition of the country. HALDIA PORT Haldia is a major port of India and forms part of the Kolkata port complex. Kolkata is the oldest major port in the country. In course of time the power to rule this vast country passed from the East India Company to the British Crown.

Government of India declared Paradip as the Eighth Major Port of India on 18-04-1966 making it the first major port in the East Coast commissioned in independent India. The construction works commenced from the 19th November. but also Thermal Coal. 1962 and dredging operations started from the 15th March. The natural resources and industrial passing through the Port of Paradip is considerably higher than many other Major Ports of India.borne trade of the eastern part of the country spread over States such as Orissa. It consists of not only Iron Ore. Madhya Pradesh. the cargo profile has undergone a complete transformation. Peter Stambolic. Manganese Ore. . 1966.PARADIP PORT TRUST The foundation stone of the Port was laid by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on the 3rd January. Chrome Ore. 1965. Andhra Pradesh. Government of India took over the management of the Port from the State Government on 1st june. The construction of the Iron Ore Berth was completed and INS "INVESTIGATOR" had the privilege of maiden berthing in the Port on the 12th March. The Port was opened to traffic for Iron Ore in 1966 but after three decades. Prime Minister of Yugoslavia on the same day. Products Paradip is one of the Major Ports of India and is the main out-let and in-let of the sea. Coking Coal. 1962. The Port was declared open by Mr. Bihar and West Bengal. During this period. Semi-processed Ore cargo like Charge Chrome. 1964 by the Yugoslav Dredger "VLASINA". this Port was under control of the Government of Orissa. Uttar Pradesh.

. and Fertilizer Raw.000 DWT vessels and draft upto 17 meters.grains. Chennai. Reefer cargo. it is the first corporatized port in India. Rock Phosphate. We provide facilities such as Iron Ore Berth. the outer harbour is capable of accommodating 150. India is the 12th major port of India. designed as Asia’s energy port. The Port is located on the east coast of India at a latitude of 17041' North and longitude of 83017' East and the time zone is GMT + 5:30. Ferro Manganese. Bestowed with natural deep water basins. inner harbor and the fishing harbor. Ammonia. ENNORE PORT Ennore Port is located about 24 km north of Chennai Port. and the first port in India which is a public company. Hailed as a landmark port. Fertilizer. The outer harbour with a water spread of 200 hectares has 6 berths and the inner harbour with a water spread of 100 hectares has 18 berths. PORT OF VISAKHAPATNAM It is one of the leading major ports of India. Hard Coke. The varied nature of cargo handled bears testimony to the efficient and personalized services of this Deep Water Port. Food.materials eg. Limestone. Dead-burnt magnesite. Billets and Steel materials. Scrap. One berth has been earmarked for handling POL products. and Container Handling Facilities. Ennore Port. Phosphoric Acid. The inner harbour is capable of accommodating vessels upto 230 meters LOA and draft upto 11 meters. Cargo Berths. The Port started handling containers and transshipment of Petroleum products in 1991. The Port has three harbors viz. Envisaged as a satellite port to decongest and improve the environmental quality at the . outer harbor. Sulphur. has only 16 employees. Ingots and Moulds.Ferro Chrome.

and container cargo. Ennore Port Limited (EPL) is also developing an 8-lane Northern Express Road.During the year of 2006. a large backup land. The port has effectively taken over all the ore movement from the Chennai Port.070 m with a depth of 15m — it has the capacity to develop 22 berths for handling a variety of bulk. It has a 560-meter (m) long coal wharf for berthing two Panamax size vessels and fully mechanized systems for handling 16 million tons of cargo a year.7 million tons. with two breakwaters—one in the north measuring 3. Ennore Port is evolving itself into a full-fledged port with the capacity to handle a wide range of products. state of the art navigational facilities.080 m and the other in the south measuring 1. liquid. The highway authority is implementing the project for construction of 30 km segment of Chennai-Ennore Port Connectivity. CHENNAI PORT TRUST . eco-friendly environment. 5.bustling Chennai Port. Designed as a world-class port. The port has adequate road and rail links. which would link the Port with the National Highway No. it is outsourcing all services required for operation and maintenance. well organized logistics systems and transport interface. and new terminals are being developed with the participation of the private sector. The Port has obtained an in-principle approval from Southern Railways for providing rail connectivity to coal and iron ore stack yards. The port is an artificial port and has several modern features including all weather round the clock operations. Operations Operating on a landlord port concept. it handled a total cargo of 10.

The depth of various berths varies form 7. (Latitude 13° 06'N.450 metres.600 metres.. area 12. Bharathi Dock and Container Terminal. Transit Shed 10. area 47. • 30 days free time is allowed for aggregation of cargo on the wharf before the arrival of the vessel. Jawahar Dock. Container Freight Station 2. Ambedkar Dock. The Export Documentation Center housing Customs and Forwarding. Dr.92 meters to 11 metres.686 metres. .841 metres. Chennai. Longitude : 80° 18' E. The existing 600m liner quay of Container Terminal at Chennai Port has handled 321960 TEUs of containers during 1999-2000. area 65.Chennai Port is an artificial harbor situated on the Coromandel Coast in South-East India and it is the second principal Port for handling containers. Labours and the Dock Labors Board is within the Port Complex. • • • • Warehouses 12. rail and air. Chennai Port has 21 alongside berths in the 3 Docks viz.) being an important metropolitan town is well connected with all the major cities and industrial centers in India by road. Covered area 6. area 43. Some important features of the port are as follows :• Chennai Port follows the concept of single window clearance. • Palletised cargo is given 10% rebate on wharf age and the weight of the pallet is not taken into account for the purpose of calculating wharf age.

550 sqm) & 2 transit sheds (110. Exports 2.7 metres. It is the first Indian Port to receive ISO 9002 Certification. Container traffic touched an all time record of 1.800 sqm) Total traffic handled during the year 2000 . It enjoys a unique advantage by its strategic location close to the East West international sea route.TUTICORIN PORT Tuticorin Port (Latitude : 8° 45'N. about 600 km south of Chennai.84 million tones. 3 Warehouses (15.2001 was 12. Some important features of the port are as follows :• Total berth age of 3. Permissible draft 10. The container will be de-stuffed at Q6 shed and the goods will be examined and cleared by Customs .28 million tones. Longitude : 78° 13'E) is on the South-Eastern coast adjoining the Gulf of Mannar in Tuticorin District.56.45 million tones / imports 9.5 km. dry bulk cargoes and containers. • • • • • • Well connected by broad gauge rail & road with all major cities and all ICDS.978 TEUS COCHIN PORT TRUST Cochin Port has facility to handle unaccompanied personal baggage received in containers. Six alongside berths to handle mainly break bulk. Tuticorin Port offers round the clock service and has two operational Wings :Zone A: comprising of new major Port & Zone B: representing the old Anchorage or minor Port.

M. Appraisal ticket shall be issued from Port for Customs examination. The port limits extend up to the entire backwaters and the connecting creeks and channels. The importer shall initially submit Import Application along with cargo charges and Delivery Order to Port.Office in Q6 shed. leading to west and east of Willingdon Island respectively. After Customs clearance the importer shall submit? Baggage Declaration? for taking delivery of goods. is only 10 km. The port is spearheading fast-track maritime and industrial growth in the large geographical spread of its economically upbeat hinterland. The approach channel upto the Cochin Gut. The logistically sensitive port is emerging as the most preferred investment destination for maritime commerce. The Port of Cochin is located on the Willingdon Island at latitude 9 degree 58' north and longitude 76 degree 14' east on the south west coast of India about 930 K.M. From the Gut the channel divides into Mattancherry channel and Ernakulam Channel.8m. An all-weather natural Port. it is located strategically close to the busiest international sea routes from the Gulf to Singapore and Europe to the Far East circuit. The customer has to submit necessary documents to Customs and Port. Cochin is fastest growing maritime gateway to peninsular India. .North of Kanyakumari The entrance to Port is through the Cochin Gut between the peninsular headland Vypeen and Fort Cochin. either through a Customs House Agent or by himself. Long with a designed width of 200m and maintained dredged depth of 13. South of Bombay and 320K.

The major imports of the port are crude and petroleum products. as there is an old harbour or port located in Mangalore city which is called by Mangalore bunder or Hale bunder. The port is situated at Panambur.The Surathkal railway station is approximately 6 kilometres from the New Mangalore port. wood pulp. The old harbour is located to south of New mangalore port. Reach Stackers. Light Duty Top Lift Trucks(5 tons capacity. Fork lift Trucks.It is 170 nautical miles (310 km) south of Mormugao Port & 191 nautical miles (354 km) north of Kochi Port. Heavy Duty Top Lift Trucks. Iron Ore fines. 1974 by the then prime minister Indira Gandhi. etc. other liquid chemicals. The major commodities exported through the port are Iron Ore concentrates & pellets. Old port is now being used for fishing and for ferrying small goods. The port situated in Panambur is called New Mangalore Port.It is situated to north of confluence of Gurupura( Phalguni ) river to Arabian sea . Mobile Cranes. Mobile Harbour Cranes. It was formally inaugurated on May 4. manganese. coffee.cashew and containerized cargo. Floating Crane Container Handling Equipment: Transfer Cranes. containerized cargo. The port serves hinterland of Karnataka state and to some extent state of Kerala. The nearest railway station is Thokur. Cargo Handling Equipments: Electric Wharf Cranes. lifting loaded containers. The construction began in 1962. The national highway 17 ( NH-17 )passes adjoining the port. timber logs. Mangalore on the west cost of India.Products We provided services in handling & transport. phosphoric acid. For lifting empty containers. but passengers have to alight at Suratkal Railway station which is on Konkan railway route . granite stones. . LPG. Gantry Cranes. liquid ammonia. finished fertilizers.

The nearest railway station is Thokur.It is situated to north of confluence of Gurupura( Phalguni ) river to Arabian sea . finished fertilizers. The port situated in Panambur is called New Mangalore Port. has been relentlessly serving the nation in its economic development for over a century.The Surathkal railway station is approximately 6 kilometres from the New Mangalore port.NEW MANGALORE PORT It was formally inaugurated on May 4. LPG. granite stones. phosphoric acid. timber logs. but passengers have to alight at Suratkal Railway station which is on Konkan railway route . The port serves hinterland of Karnataka state and to some extent state of Kerala. Old port is now being used for fishing and for ferrying small goods. with a fine natural harbour. The major commodities exported through the port are Iron Ore concentrates & pellets. The construction began in 1962. coffee. other liquid chemicals. The old harbour is located to south of New mangalore port.It is 170 nautical miles (310 km) south of Mormugao Port & 191 nautical miles (354 km) north of Kochi Port. manganese. MORMUGAO PORT Goa one of the oldest ports on the west coast of India. The national highway 17 ( NH-17 )passes adjoining the port. as there is an old harbour or port located in Mangalore city which is called by Mangalore bunder or Hale bunder. containerized cargo. Mangalore on the west cost of India.cashew and containerized cargo. wood pulp. The Port was . etc. 1974 by the then prime minister Indira Gandhi. Iron Ore fines. liquid ammonia. The major imports of the port are crude and petroleum products. The port is situated at Panambur.

A mole of 270 meters was added. The Liberation of Goa on December 19. A couple of years after liberation.12. provided and financed by various iron ore exporters. Mormugao Port. streamlined administration and a dedicated workforce all go towards making this Port one of the most efficient Port in the Indian subcontinent.81 million tonnes of iron ore traffic. Though Iron ore is the predominant cargo. the Mormugao Port comprised of 3 berths along with a breakwater having a length of 358 meters. With all these attributes.declared a Major Port on 2. 1961 marked the end of an epoch in Goan history. As the years rolled by. envisaging "dedicated berth fitted with Mechanical Ore Loading Plants. was permitted to set up Asia's very first Mechanical Ore Handling Plant at Berth No. Mormugao Port." In accordance with this. with a capacity of 1000 tph. The main railway section from Vasco da Gama to the border of Goa was .. Mormugao Port. in 1959 M/s Chowgule & Co. a Master Plan was evolved by the Portuguese for the development of Mormugao Port as an iron ore terminal. there has been a steady increase in liquid bulk and general cargo traffic ever since its joining the ranks of the Major Ports of India. the infrastructure slowly kept growing. Goa has tremendous potential to cater to the needs of trade and industry and to contribute to the economic development of the Nation. Berths 4 and 5 were built and the breakwater was extended to its present length of 522. high productivity. Pvt.40 meters. Ltd. the port was delinked from the Railway management. With the emergence of mining as a major industry in Goa. By 1922.6. Excellent facilities. Berth 7 was constructed as an adjunct to it. Goa is the premier iron ore exporting Port of India with an annual throughput of around 33.1963. At the time of its commissioning in 1888. went through a fair amount of change as the emphasis shifted to development of infrastructure.

In 1959. and the port occupies a prestigious position amongst the Major Ports of the country. were in comparison cheap but nutritious and tasty American confectioners took to Goan cashew nuts in the year of the wall street crash. The Port of Mormugao was now poised for a dramatic growth. The level of traffic at the port rose to over 2. But cashew nuts. Josephine Hougaz was one such an ethnic Syrian holding a US passport. Today. the traffic grew by leaps and bounds reaching the mark of 6. Wall Street had crashed. From 1948 onwards the iron ore traffic gained importance. Pvt.for almonds and walnuts. In the years that followed. Japan preferred Goan Iron ore for its expanding steel industry on account of price consideration and other logistics. The Japanese were rebuilding their nation and Goan iron ore was fated to play a key role in the Japanese industrial renaissance. She introduced Goan cashew nuts to American chocolate makers.4 lakh to 14. brought about revolutionary changes in the pattern of Mormugao Port traffic.8 million tonnes in 1973-74.transferred to the Southern Railways. Ltd. The year was 1929. The Port however.78 lakhs tonnes in the year 1953.. the iron exported through Mormugao constitutes 39 per cent of the total iron ore exports from India. Chowgule & Co. Others avenues had earlier been opened by enterprising foreigners. The exploitation of iron ore mines in Goa on a commercial scale since 1947. The growth of traffic accentuated the inadequacy of the available port facilities but it offered new opportunities to daring entrepreneurs. had reached levels that were beyond most of their consumers. It would no more be a sleepy port importing table wines from Portugal and exporting oil cakes from Hubli. though subject to considerable sea freight additional for importers. obtained a . operated its own railway system between Vasco da Gama interchange point and the harbour area. until then the preferred fillings for American chocolate and pastry makers.

000 tonnes per day.. As a follow-up on the report by HOWE (India) Pvt. it is claimed. a 20-year perspective plan for the port development was prepared in February 1965.000 tonnes per day. The declaration of Mormugao as a Major Port in 1964 was a milestone in the annals of its history as it joined the ranks of the Country’s ten major Ports. a Perspective Plan was drawn up by a reputed firm of consulting engineers. the mineral ore industry today was seeing a sea of changes in iron ore market. a mechanized ore . It was. were appointed to prepare the design study for the establishment of a modern mechanical ore handling facility for the port within the framework of the perspective plan. In 1959. Ltd. particularly in relation to iron ore exports. Pvt. The Port administration could now embark upon a sustained development programme as its newly formed Board of Trustees was empowered to take major decisions financial or otherwise. Ltd. HOWE ( India) Pvt. Chowgule & Co. In 1965 therefore. which needed to be competitive in the international arena by reducing the transportation cost As a first step in that direction. in February 1968. Thereafter. obtained a concession from the Portuguese government and set up a Mechanical Ore Handling Plant with a handling capacity of 10. With the rise of Brazil and Australia in recent times as aggressive ore exporters. seeking to develop Mormugao Port systematically for providing deep waters and high capacity loading. the first of its kind in Asia. The growth of trafficaccentuated the inadequacy of the available port facilities but it offered new opportunities to daring entrepreneurs. by the consulting engineering firm of Randal.concession from the Portuguese government and set up a Mechanical Ore Handling Plant with a handling capacity of 10. Ltd. Palmer & Tritton.

5 meters wide. • • There are 13 berths with a designed draft of 7. The dredging of the channel and berths was carried out to permit the loading of 60.5 metres. and ship-loading of 12 million tones of iron ore annually was installed and commissioned in 1979. longitude 72.handling facility for receiving. Barge unloaders and rail wagon tippers were provided for quicker and more efficient handling of incoming ore MUMBAI PORT TRUST Mumbai Port Trust has long been the principal Gateway of India.54'N. km providing for shipping throughout the year. Prince's and Victoria Docks.000 tones per hour. reclaiming. sampling. Mumbai Port has approximately 25% share of general cargo traffic & 36% share of India's marine container traffic.49° along the West Coast of India and is gifted with a natural harbour of about 180 sq.6 meters long and 30.000 dwt.9 metres. stockpiling. through which vessels can enter or leave the docks at any state of tide. There are three enclosed wet docks namely Indira. The latter though built as a passenger terminal. ore carriers initially. It is strategically situated almost midway (Latitude 18. The rated loading capacity of the ore handling system was of the order of 8. • Indira Dock has an entrance lock 228. is mostly used by container vessels & has a designed draft . There are 22 berths inside the basin and 5 berths along the harbours wall with a designed draft of 10.3 metres at Prince's Dock. weighing. with a designed draft of 7.20 metres by impounding water. There are two berths at Ballard Pier Station & Ballard Pier Extension. • The Victoria Dock is a semi-tidal dock and has 13 berths. The depth of water inside the basin can be increased by 1.7 metres & 8.

It has highly-automated operations. thus joining the Millionaire club in the International Port Scenario.) • • Each berth can handle ships up to 85.7 metres. Ranking of JN Port has gone up to one of the top 50 International Port who has achieved this landmark distinction. . Some important features are: • Two berths for dry bulk and one multipurpose berth for handling liquid and other cargo (liner quay length 712 meters. Automated system for unloading dry bulk cargo.000 DWT. JNPT has been accredited with ISO 9002/1994 certificate and has the distinction of crossing handling 1 million TEUs container cargo.Port takes in vessels having laden draft up to 12 meters. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU PORT (JNPT) Jawaharlal Nehru Port. The Ballard Pier Station berth caters to container vessels & has draft of 10 metres. which is an achievement for the first time by any major Port of India. It was planned with a view to decongest Mumbai and serve as a hub port for this region.of 10. JNPT has been planned and constructed as "State-of-the-art" facility designed to the international standards in line with the most modern facilities for handling dry bulk cargo. the country's youngest and most modern ort was commissioned in 1989.

India on Build Operate Transfer (BOT) Basis. KPT may grant a License to the Qualified Bidder whose technical and . •To be Environment friendly Global notice inviting applications for development of container terminal on BOT basis at Kandla Port The Board of Trustees of Kandla Port Trust (KPT) under Ministry of Shipping (MoS). To maintain peaceful industrial relations by recognizing our work force as an asset and develop them to adopt to the changing port scenario. by its steady growth and economy of operations Mission To be the most economical modern Major Port. •To participate in social development by contributing our mite to the society at large. in order to shortlist qualified bidders (Qualified bidders). The Key Objectives •To provide our Clientele. Having notched up a string of success. who may be subsequently invited for submitting their development of financial proposals for a Project involving development of Container Terminal at the Port of Kandla. rendering cost effective services to our Customers.to their utmost satisfaction. •To create facilities of international standards. it has emerged as a forerunner. Government of India (GoI). and facilitate quicker turnaround of vessels. and has carved a niche for itself.KANDLA PORT TRUST (KPT) Kandla port plays a major role in the country's international trade. invites Applications from interested parties. At the end of the Bidding process. To render value for money and value added services to our Customers. efficient and economical Port services.

financing. implementation commissioning. presently under development is expected to be ready for use by 31. if the license is awarded to it) will be responsible for the design. While berth No. engineering. The Container Terminal is proposed to be developed on berth No. 11 is ready for use.10.11 and 12 having a combined quay length of 545 meters and a depth of 12. procurement. operation and maintenance of the project under the License Agreement (LA) to be executed by the License and KPT.financial proposals are accepted by KPT (the successful bidder).5 meters alongside the berths.12. berth No. A murram filled area adjacent to these berths inside Custom Bound Area admeasuring 40 hectares will also be handed over to the selected party for development of Container Stack Yard.05. The Licensee (The successful bidder. .

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